Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2012/4 MANEGE OF ENGINEER BETANCOURT

MANEGE OF ENGINEER BETANCOURT

  • Egorova Ol'ga Vladimirovna - Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU) , Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU), 5, 2nd Baumanskaya St., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Timofeev Gennadiy Alekseevich - Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU) 8 (499) 263-61-97, Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU), 5, 2nd Baumanskaya St., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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This article covers the history of Moscow Manege, a masterpiece of engineering science and architecture. It was designated for the accommodation of the military parade in commemoration of the 5th anniversary of the great victory over Napoleon. It was solemnly opened for visitors in 1817 to become a majestic monument commemorating Russia's triumph in the Patriotic war of 1812.
Agustin de Betancourt, an ingenious Spanish engineer, was the designer of Manege. Having completed his excellent education in Madrid, Paris, and London by the end of 1790, he became one of the most well-known engineers not only in Spain, but also in Europe. In 1808, the engineer moved to Russia following a personal invitation extended by Emperor Alexander I.
Betancourt proposed an exclusively original design of Manege overlapping. It was made of wooden trussed rafters. The arena had no internal column; therefore, rafters that were 44.86 meters long, were spanned all over the space. Back then, this engineering structure was unique. Now we know that foreign engineers made special visits to Moscow to study Betancourt's wooden roof.
The Manege was also remarkable from the architectural point of view: a high rustic socle emphasized the massiveness of the building; a vigorous rhythm of columns, enchasing the walls to assure special solemnity; skillfully interspersed ornaments representing military stories were to identify the purpose of the premises.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.6 - 16

References
  1. Egorova O.V. Moskovskiy Manezh. Proshloe i nastoyashchee [Moscow Manege. Past and Present]. Мoscow, Avanglion Publ., 2006.
  2. Russian State Archives of Military History, File 35, Inventory 4, Unit 108. About the construction of the roofed riding-school in Moscow, 1817—1818.
  3. Betancourt A. Description de la Salle d’exercice de Moscou. St. Peterburg, 1819.
  4. Cioranesco Alejandro. Agustin de Betancourt. Su obra tecnica y cientifica: La Laguna de Tenerife, Instituto de Estadios Canasrios, Spain, 1965.
  5. Moskovskie Vedomosti [Moscow Bulletin] Newspaper, no. 101, November 19, 1817.
  6. Pozharskaya S.P., editor. Rossiya i Ispaniya [Russia and Spain], vol. 2, Moscow, 1997.
  7. Bogolyubov A.N., Pavlov V.E., Filatov N.F. Avgustin Betankur (1758—1824). Uchenyy, inzhener, arkhitektor, gradostroitel' [Agustin de Betancourt (1758—1824). Scientist, Engineer, Architect, Townplanner]. Nizhni Novgorod, 2002.
  8. Svin'in P. Zavody, byvshie I.R. Batasheva, a nyne prinadlezhashchie general-leytenantu D.D. Shepelevu i ego detyam [I.R. Batashev’s Factories That Now Belong to Lieutenant-General D.D. Shepelev and his children]. St. Petersburg, 1826.
  9. Russian State Archives of Military History, File 489, Inventory 1, Unit 7062. Track record of Majorgeneral A. Betancourt.

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