Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2013/1 DESIGN OF INTEGRATED SYSTEMS DESIGNATED FOR THE FORECASTING AND MONITORING OF EMERGENCIES IN BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES AND THEIR CLUSTERS

INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

DESIGN OF INTEGRATED SYSTEMS DESIGNATED FOR THE FORECASTING AND MONITORING OF EMERGENCIES IN BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES AND THEIR CLUSTERS

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rubtsov Igor' Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, De- partment of Engineering Geodesy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 208-2012

The authors propose their original method of design of systems designated for the forecasting and monitoring of emergencies in different types of buildings. The new method represents an integrated set of versatile activities and systems, including a layout of sensor elements and communication channels, installation of the monitoring system in a building, a structure, or a set (a cluster) of buildings and structures, pilot system operation, and metrological system testing.Critical values of controlled parameters are pre-set in accordance with an adaptive mathematical model developed on the basis of the design documentation and the data generated in the course of inspection of buildings and/or structures. If the parameters of a structure exceed critical values pre-set by the system, automated decision-making procedure is actuated. It may cause the operation of the building to stop or, alternatively, it may restrict or even prevent access to some areas inside the building. In some cases, one should analyze the time periods between regular inspections to determine whether additional tests are needed, or to run an additional monitoring system.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.208-2012

References
  1. Volkov A.A. Elementy kompleksnogo monitoringa kak sredstvo bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii stroitel'nykh ob"ektov [Elements of Integrated Monitoring Activities as the Instrument of Safe Operation of Construction Facilities]. Bol'shoy Rossiyskiy katalog. Stroitel'stvo. [Big Russian Catalogue. Construction.] Moscow, Katalogi i spravochniki publ., 2000, pp. 1327—1328.
  2. Volkov A.A. Bezopasnost' stroitel'nykh ob"ektov v chrezvychaynoy situatsii [Safety of Construction Facilities in Emergencies]. Sel'skoe stroitel'stvo [Rural Construction]. 2000, no. 3, pp. 42—43.
  3. Volkov A.A. Aktivnaya bezopasnost' stroitel'nykh ob"ektov [Active Safety of Construction Facilities]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Construction Facilities], an interuniversity collection of research papers. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2000, no. 9, pp. 147—150.
  4. Shaposhnikov A.S. Analiz effektivnosti sistem monitoringa i prognozirovaniya chrezvychaynykh situatsiy prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo kharaktera na primere Moskvy [Analysis of Efficiency of Systems of Monitoring and Forecasting of Natural and Anthropogenic Emergencies Exemplifi ed by Moscow]. Tekhnologii grazhdanskoy bezopasnosti [Civil Safety Technologies]. 2009, vol. 6, no. 3-4, pp. 210—215.

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