SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Construction of water intake facilities from partially drying up watercourses

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Komarov Anatoliy Sergeevich - LLC “GLAKOMRU” Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director General, LLC “GLAKOMRU”, B. Koptevskiy proezd, Moscow, 8105039, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-54-56; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mel’nikov Fedor Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499)183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Serov Aleksandr Evgen’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499)183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-100

Partially ephemeral streams are complex objects that can still be used for water supply or irrigation of agricultural land. The problem of such streams is poorly studied, because the influence of various environmental factors complicates carrying out any experiments. Also it is not possible to make their full classification due to their very strong variability not only on a particular geographical belt, but also within separate areas of the river. All this undoubtedly complicates the task of the designers when designing the system. Creation of laboratory models, allowing us to evaluate the possibilities of a spring use for the purpose of water supply, is very promising. These watercourses have a large amount of suspended sediments, so it is not possible to use the standard scheme of water using of the coastal and fluvial water intake structures. It is proposed to organize the fight with the sediments in the flow chart of primary clarifiers, which will perform the function of settling suspensions, to facilitate the work of water treatment facilities. Also the creation of artificial prop is useful in order to achieve the required level of water in a watercourse for water organization. If under the bottom of the river there is underground water, and the permeability of the soil is good, it is possible to arrange the withdrawal of water through infiltration intakes, by setting the filter under the bottom of the watercourse with its connection to filter, from which the water will climb to submersible pumps. Additional filtration through the soil of the river bottom allows not using the scheme sumps, which significantly reduces the cost of epy incoming water treatment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.93-100

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ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTION FOR NATURAL RESOURCES AND ELABORATION OF MEASURES FOR PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE NENETS AUTONOMOUS AREA

Vestnik MGSU 1/2017 Volume 12
  • Sosnovskaya Ol'ga Sergeevna - State University of Land Management (FGBOU VO GUZ) graduate student, Department of Land Management, State University of Land Management (FGBOU VO GUZ), 15 Kazakova st., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.
  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply and Sanitation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 77-82

The Nenets Autonomous area located inside the Arctic circle is the subject of the Russian Federation. The environmental situation in the Nenets Autonomous area is poor despite the remoteness from other densely populated regions of Russia. A large number of ecosystems are exposed to powerful anthropogenic impact. For example, petroleum products and waste water exert negative impact on rivers and basins thereof. Water bodies in the region have some natural features which also adversely affect on water intake for industrial and domestic needs. The article considers and analyzes different types of pollution for natural resources of the Nenets Autonomous area which cause a great environmental damage to the region. Method of ranking for parts of the water body is proposed which makes it possible to reveal among them the most problematic from the environmental point of view. Options for improving the preliminary treatment of water at the water intakes are proposed that significantly simplify the operation of water treatment facilities. Сonstruction of new sewage treatment facilities using the latest developments in terms of tertiary treatment of wastewater, upgrade of standards for wastewater treatment, as well as the organization of sanitary protection zones will be a significant step in improving the environmental situation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.1.77-82

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PECULIARITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF WATER INTAKE STRUCTURES IN THE COUNTRIES OF OCEANIA

Vestnik MGSU 5/2013
  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 162-168

The problem of potable water supply is becoming increasingly relevant. This problem is particularly important in the countries of Oceania, where neither surface, nor subterranean water is unavailable due to the harsh terrain and climate. Therefore, construction of marine water intake structures is the only solution. Peculiarities of construction of water intake facilities and their operation in the environment of the Pacific Ocean are considered by the author. The author provides his layout solutions of water intake structures. The author has given up the idea of a water intake facility capable of taking water from the channels because the sand brought by the waves from the bottom may inflow into the water inlet structure. Besides, channels drain in the low tide period; therefore, water intake facilities remain idle.Also, high aggressiveness of the sea water constitutes another problem. The sea water may damage any water intake structure, as some of their elements are made of reinforced concrete, while others are made of steel. Steel corrosion resistance may be improved by alloying additives (chromium, Nickel, copper, etc.), or, alternatively, by a zinc and aluminum coating which must be 120—250 microns thick.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.5.162-168

References
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COMPUTER MODELING OF HYDRODYNAMIC PARAMETERS AT BOUNDARIES OF WATER INTAKE AREA WITH FILTERING INTAKE

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Boronina Lyudmila Vladimirovna - Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AISI) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vice-rector for Research, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AISI), 18 Tatishcheva St., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sadchikov Pavel Nikolaevich - Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AISI) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics and Information Technologies, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AISI), 18 Tatishcheva St., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 236 - 242

Improvement of water intake technologies are of great importance. These technologies are required to provide high quality water intake and treatment; they must be sufficiently simple and reliable, and they must be easily adjustable to particular local conditions. A mathematical model of a water supply area near the filtering water intake is proposed. On its basis, a software package designated for the calculation of parameters of the supply area along with its graphical representation is developed.
To improve the efficiency of water treatment plants, the authors propose a new method of their integration into the landscape by taking account of velocity distributions in the water supply area within the water reservoir where the plant installation is planned.
In the proposed relationship, the filtration rate and the scattering rate at the outlet of the supply area are taken into account, and they assure more precise projections of the inlet velocity.
In the present study, assessment of accuracy of the mathematical model involving the scattering of a turbulent flow has been done. The assessment procedure is based on verification of the mean values equality hypothesis and on comparison with the experimental data. The results and conclusions obtained by means of the method developed by the authors have been verified through comparison of deviations of specific values calculated through the employment of similar algorithms in MathCAD, Maple and PLUMBING.
The method of the water supply area analysis, with the turbulent scattering area having been taken into account, and the software package enable to numerically estimate the efficiency of the pre-purification process by tailoring a number of parameters of the filtering component of the water intake to the river hydrodynamic properties. Therefore, the method and the software package provide a new tool for better design, installation and operation of water treatment plants with respect to filtration and fish protection purposes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.236 - 242

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  1. Boronina L.V. Ekologicheskaya otsenka istochnikov kommunal’nogo i promyshlennogo vodosnabzheniya Astrakhanskoy oblasti [Environmental Assessment of Sources of Municipal and Industrial Water Supply of the Astrakhan region]. Vodoochistka [Water Treatment]. Astrakhan, 2011, no. 9 (11), pp. 63—69.
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