ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

EXPERT ANALYSIS APPROACH TO THE SITING OF MINING ENTERPRISES (EXEMPLIFIED BY KLEN GOLD AND SILVER DEPOSIT)

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Bryukhan Fedor Fedorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) +7 (495) 922-83-19, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lebedev Viktor Vadimovich - OOO Regional’naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya Project Manager, OOO Regional’naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya, Building 1, 4 Sadovnicheskaya St., Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 47-58

Any selection of sites to accommodate mining enterprises (ME) shall inflict a minimal damage to the environment and humans. Consideration of environmental effects caused by various factors of anthropogenic impacts and development of environmental protection plans involve the assessment of their significance.The authors explain the methodology of substantiation of optimal siting of mining enterprises exemplified by Klen gold and silver deposit in Bilibin region of Chukot Autonomous District. Ranking of impacts produced by various factors serves as the basis for the procedure of the site selection. SWOT analysis of these factors must be completed. The factors of pollution and violation of the geological environment, pollution of surface waters and the water intake, atmospheric pollution, impacts produced on flora and fauna, and physical effects are discussed.A ranking pattern must be customized for each mining enterprise due to the wide variety of features that mining enterprises demonstrate (production patterns and technologies, master plans, natural and anthropogenic conditions).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.47-58

References
  1. Bryukhan' A.F., Bryukhan' F.F., Potapov A.D. Inzhenerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva teplovykh elektrostantsiy [Engineering and Ecological Surveying for Construction of Thermal Power Plants]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 192 p.
  2. Bryukhan' F.F., Lebedev V.V. Otsenka khimicheskogo zagryazneniya pochv, gruntov i donnykh otlozheniy na zoloto-serebryanom mestorozhdenii «Klen» [Assessment of the Chemical Pollution of Soils, Ground and Bottom Sediments at Klen Gold and Silver Deposit]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 150—155.
  3. Lebedev V.V. Skhema ranzhirovaniya faktorov tekhnogennogo vozdeystviya gornorudnykh predpriyatiy na okruzhayushchuyu sredu i cheloveka [Pattern of Ranking of Factors of Anthropogenic Impacts Produced by Mining Enterprises on the Environment and Humans]. Vestnik MGOU. Ser. «Estestvennye nauki» [Proceedings of Moscow State Open University. Natural Sciences Series]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 110—117.
  4. SNiP 11-01—95. Instruktsiya o poryadke razrabotki, soglasovaniya, utverzhdeniya i sostave proektnoy dokumentatsii na stroitel'stvo predpriyatiy, zdaniy i sooruzheniy. [Instructions for the Procedure of Development, Coordination, Approval and Composition of the Project Documentation Package Required for the Construction of Enterprises, Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1995, 17 p.
  5. SNiP 11-02—96. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva. Osnovnye polozheniya. [Construction Norms and Rules 11-02—96. Engineering Surveys for Construction Purposes. Basic Provisions]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1997, 44 p.
  6. SP 11-102—97. Inzhenerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva [Construction Rules 11-102—97. Engineering and Environmental Surveys for Construction Purposes]. Moscow, PNIIIS Publ., 1997, 41 p.
  7. Dibb S., Simkin L. The Market Segmentation Workbook: Target Marketing for Marketing Managers. London, Cengage Learning EMEA, 1996, 219 p.

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ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF OIL AND GAS FIELD ACCESS ROADS IN WESTERN SIBERIA

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Chizhikov Il'ja Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Urban Planning and Ecological Safety, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shcherbina Elena Vital'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Urban Planning and Ecological Safety, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 145 - 151

The paper presents the results of the field study of the subsidence following the implementation of one of the road building methods. The field study was performed in the area alongside oil and gas field access roads built in the loose marshy ground (peat). The paper provides a description of the geosynthetics installation technology. Outdated road building technologies designated for weak road base conditions feature high consumption of materials and energy and substantial anthropogenic impact on the environment. These technologies comprise complete or partial replacement of the ground by sand, road metal, or macrofragmental material combined with timber as the reinforcing element of the base (a plank road). The objective of the field study was to develop an ecologically safe technology capable of reducing the anthropogenic impact on the environment and improving the strength and the operating safety of the road structure. The field study has proven that the aforementioned objective may be attained through the application of geosynthetic materials designated for the improvement of the bearing capacity of the weak road base. Geosynthetic materials and structures of the road subgrade ensure high speed of construction, high quality and reliability of the road structure, reduction in the consumption of materials and energy to assure the ecological safety of construction of oil and gas field access roads. Earlier, the author used the qualimetry method to assess the ecological safety. This method is used to assess the ecological safety in points. The assessments have proven that the reinforced base technology is preferable to the method of complete or partial replacement of the ground. Projection of the subsistence development pattern that makes it possible to evaluate the safety and the serviceability of the proposed solution is also an important efficiency factor. The field study involved a section of the oil and gas field access road outstretched along the oil transportation route that connected three Salym oil fields in Western Siberia.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.145 - 151

References
  1. Shcherbina E.V. Geosinteticheskie materialy v stroitel'stve [Geosynthetics in Construction], Moscow, ASV, 2004, 111 p.
  2. Chizhikov I.A. Jekologo-jekonomicheskaja jeffektivnost' ustrojstva promyslovyh dorog Zapadnoj Sibiri s ispol'zovaniem geosinteticheskih materialov [Ecological and Economic Efficiency of Site Access Roads Installation in Western Siberia using Geosynthetic Materials]. Jekologija urbaniziro-vannyh territorij [Ecology of urban areas] International Scientific and Technical Conference, Moscow, Prima-Press-M, 2006, pp. 197—200.
  3. Chizhikov I.A., Shcherbina E.V. Ispol'zovanie mnogofaktornogo analiza dlja ocenki jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti stroitel'stva neftegazopromyslovyh dorog [Use of the Multi-factor Analysis for the Environmental Safety Assessment of construction of Oil-and-Gas Production Roads]. Jekologija urbanizirovannyh territorij, 2010, Issue # 3, pp. 96—100.
  4. BCN (Branch Construction Norms) 26—90 Instrukcija po primeneniju i stroitel'stvu avtomobil'nyh dorog neftjanyh i gazovyh promyslov Zapadnoj Sibiri [Instructions for Oil-and-gas Field Access Roads Use and Construction in Western Siberia], Moscow, Mintransstroi, 1990, pp. 54—56.

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