ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNDERGROUND SPACE OF CITIES IN TERMS OF THEIR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Belyaev Valeriy L’vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, doctorate student, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Belyaev Vladimir Borisovich - Central Scientific, Research and Project Institute of Urban Planning (TsNIIP Gradostroitel'stva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Central Scientific, Research and Project Institute of Urban Planning (TsNIIP Gradostroitel'stva), 29 Prosoekt Vernadskogo, 119331, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Pages 7-12

The article shows that the negative trends in the cities development, especially their territorial "sprawling" contributes to the onset of the global environmental crisis. This call requires setting the city planners mind on noosphere thinking and establishing an adequate system of spatial development of the cities. The formation of compact city models "new urbanism", "smart development" can be considered a progressive response and a world trend. It fully meets the course of integrated urban development of the underground space.In order to overcome the significant gap on this issue between Russia and many foreign countries the urban policy needs to be updated (disclosure of the fundamental principle of sustainable development), methodologies and tools of developing underground urbanity should be developed. The authors propose such a change of the underground space as an integrated spatial and geoenergy resource with the commitment to the strategic evaluation of its development during the entire life cycle of underground construction projects.The co-authors take into account the environmental effects of the proposed development under the direction of modern paradigms of the biosphere compatible, viable and growing cities, as well as the capacity to organize their own groups. As a base model, we take a city as a complex system of natural and man-caused, containing a fiber space where underground space and underground structures is one of the layers. The instrument for this approach implementation may be a biotechnospherical humanitarian balance of the city, including the parameters of underground layers. In addition, the calculations of the information flow (Entropy) between the layers is of great importance. The sustainable development of the city is dominated by a stream of negative entropy.On this basis, for the conditions of Moscow the device tools "physical planning" should be used in respect of the characteristics of underground space development (strategic and territorial planning, urban design, etc.). This takes into account the specificity of the territories of the historical city centre and the periphery, suggesting different approaches.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.7-12

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