HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

The hydraulic research of the downstream of water transport hydroscheme usingaerodynamic model

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Malakhanov Vyacheslav Vasil'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Structuress, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 154-163

The article presents the results of the first stage of the model research of the river downstream currents in the water transport hydroscheme and the analysis of their influence on the channel processes and navigation.The author presents a justification of the method of river flow research using the pressure aerodynamic model. The model is a geometrically similar part of a river with the hydroscheme of 1200 m length in nature. As a result of the research the velocity profiles were indentified in six sections along riverbed, the geometric dimensions of a whirlpool were discovered, the areas of the most intensive exposure of the river flow to the banks were identified, the navigable conditions were specified on the way to the lower head lock, the recommendations for the river banks protection from erosion have been given.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.154-163

References
  1. Zavadskiy A.S., Ruleva S.N., Turykin L.A., Chalov R.S., Shmykov V.G. Pereformirovanie rusel rek Vychegda i Sysola v Syktyvkarskom vodnom uzle i mery po predotvrashcheniyu ikh negativnykh tendentsiy [Reforming the Beds of the Rivers Vychegda and Sysola in Syktyvkar Hydroscheme and Means to Prevent the Negative Tendencies]. Rechnoy transport (20 vek) [River Transport (20th Century)]. 2011, no. 6 (54), pp. 82—87.
  2. Belikov V.V., Zavadskiy A.S., Ruleva S.N., Chalov R.S. Rezul'taty modelirovaniya spryamleniya rusla r. Oki v rayone g. Kolpashevo [The Results of the Cutoff Simulation of the River Oka near Kolpashevo City]. Rechnoy transport (20 vek) [River Transport (20th Century)]. 2010, no. 4 (46), pp. 82—87.
  3. Lyatkher V.M., Prudovskiy A.M. Issledovaniya otkrytykh potokov na napornykh modelyakh [Researches of the Open Flows Using Pressure Aerodynamic Models]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1971.
  4. Lyatkher V.M., Prudovskiy A.M. Gidravlicheskoe modelirovanie [Hydraulic Modeling]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1984.
  5. Kiselev P.G., editor. Spravochnik po gidravlicheskim raschetam [Handbook of Hydraulic Calculations].Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1972.

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Developmentof the safety monitoring system of hydraulic structuresof the Moscow canal

Vestnik MGSU 5/2015
  • Levachev Stanislav Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Fedorova Tat’yana Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate Student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 73-85

The basis of the enterprise “Moscow Canal” in its present state is the canal Moscow - Volga constructed in 1937. Today “Moscow Canal” is the biggest water transport and water industry complex. It has 10 filiations and solves a substantial complex of tasks. One of the most important part of hydraulic structures operation is their observation or monitoring of their safety, which gives us timely and adequate picture of their work and helps to forecast and prevent emergency situations.The article is devoted to the development of the monitoring system of the waterworks of the Moscow canal beginning with the moment of its construction to the present time, the observation analysis of the condition of the walls of canal locks chambers, lock no. 2 where destructive processes in the operation of the walls were first discovered and different methods of liquidation of their development were made. The main problems in the field of monitoring of hydrotechnical structures of the Moscow canal are identified basing on the analysis of the observations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.5.73-85

References
  1. Shankin P.A., Rumyantsev A.M. Obshchaya instruktsiya po issledovaniyam i nablyudeniyam za gidrotekhnicheskimi sooruzheniyami kanala Moskva-Volga [General Instructions for Research and Observations of the Hydraulic Structures of the Canal Moscow-Volga]. Moscow, Leningrad, Gosudarstvennoe energeticheskoe izdatel’stvo, 1943, 60 p. (In Russian)
  2. Ni V.E. Rezul’taty nablyudeniy za sostoyaniem gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy kanala imeni Moskvy [The Results of Observations of the Hydraulic Structures State of the Moscow Canal]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1977, no. 12, pp. 28—33. (In Russian)
  3. Bocharov V.V., Ni V.E. Povyshenie nadezhnosti shlyuzov [Improving the Reliability Gateways]. Rechnoy transport [River Transport]. 1982, no. 3, pp. 35—36. (In Russian)
  4. Ni V.E. O prochnosti sten kamer shlyuzov [On the Strength of the Walls of the Chambers Gateways]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1982, no. 9, pp. 35—38. (In Russian)
  5. Ni V.E. Nadzor za nadezhnost’yu i bezopasnost’yu gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy kanala imeni Moskvy [Oversight of the Reliability and Safety of Hydraulic Structures of the Moscow Canal]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1987, no. 6, pp. 11—17. (In Russian)
  6. Pukhov I.E. Fiziko-mekhanicheskie svoystva betona shlyuzov kanala imeni Moskvy [Physical and Mechanical properties of Concrete Gateway of the Moscow Canal]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 1988, no. 8, pp. 44—46. (In Russian)
  7. Rubin O.D., Umnova R.V., Ni V.E. Analiz raboty i usilenie sten dokovykh shlyuzov [Work Analysis of and Strengthening the Walls of Dock Gateways]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1988, no. 8, pp. 47—79. (In Russian)
  8. Rubin O.D., Umnova R.V., Ni V.E. Usilenie ekspluatiruemykh podpornykh sooruzheniy [Strengthening the Operating Retaining Structures]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1989, no. 12, pp. 42—45. (In Russian)
  9. Volkov V.I., Kaganov G.M. O terminologii normativno-pravovykh dokumentov, svyazannykh s obespecheniem bezopasnosti gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [On the Terminology of Legal Documents Related to the Safety of Hydraulic Structures]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 44—48. (In Russian)
  10. Federal’nyy zakon ot 21 iyulya 1997 g. № 117-FZ. O bezopasnosti gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy (s izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami) [Federal Law no. 177-FZ from July 21, 1997 on Safety of Hydraulic Structures]. Internet Portal GARANT.RU. Available at: http://base.garant.ru/12100061/#help#ixzz3YUsxcr7F/. Date of access: 25.03.2015. (In Russian)
  11. Vasilevskiy A.G., Serkov V.S. O nekotorykh rezul’tatakh primeneniya Federal’nogo zakona «O bezopasnosti gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy» [Some Results of the Application of the Federal Law on Safety of Hydraulic Structures]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2009, no. 9, pp. 34—38. (In Russian)
  12. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po kontrolyu tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya i otsenke bezopasnosti sudokhodnykh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Methodical Recommendations on the Control of Technical Condition and Safety Assessment of Shipping Waterworks]. Utverzhdeno zamestitelem rukovoditelya Federal’nogo agentstva morskogo i rechnogo transporta V.N. Vovk 15.04.2011 g. [Approved by the Deputy Director of Federal Agency of See and River Transport V.N. Vovk on 25.04.2011]. Moscow, ROSMORREChFLOT Publ., 2011, 136 p. (In Russian)
  13. Volosukhin V.A., Volosukhin Ya.V. O problemnykh voprosakh v oblasti bezopasnosti gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy. Opyt proektirovaniya i ekspluatatsii ob'ektovykh sistem monitoringa. Normativno-metodicheskoe obespechenie: sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya : nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya (FGBU VNII GOChS 26 oktyabrya 2011 g.) [On Problematic Issues in the Field of Safety of Hydraulic Structures. Design and Operation Experience of Object Monitoring Systems. Normative and Methodological Support: State and Development Prospects : Science and Practice Conference (FGBU VNII GOChS October 26, 2011)]. Monitoring. Nauka i bezopasnost’. 2011. Spetsial’nyy vypusk [Monitoring. Science and Safety. Special Edition]. Pp. 84—97. (In Russian)
  14. Instruktsiya po nablyudeniyam i issledovaniyam na sudokhodnykh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniyakh. Chast’ I. Gidrotekhnicheskaya [Manual for Observations and Research on Navigable Hydraulic Structures. Part I. Hydrotechnical]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1981, 95 p. (In Russian)
  15. SP 58.13330.2012. Gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya. Osnovnye polozheniya. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 33-01—2003 [Requirements SP 58.13330.2012. Hydraulic Engineering Structures. The Main Provisions. Revised Edition of SNiP 33-01-2003]. Moscow, Minregion Rossii Publ., 2012, 52 p. (In Russian)
  16. Mel’nikov E., Morozov V., Krasnoshchekov I. Razrabotka sistemy kontrolya sostoyaniya gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy sudokhodnogo shlyuza [Development of the System for Condition Monitoring of Hydraulic Structures Ship Lock]. STA: Sovremennye tekhnologii avtomatizatsii [CTA (Contemporary Technologies in Automation)]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 80—84. (In Russian)
  17. Levachev S.N., Mel’nik G.V., Darevskiy V.E., Fedorova T.S. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie sten kamery shlyuza № 2 Kanala imeni Moskvy [The Stress-Strain State of the Walls of the Lock Chamber no. 2 of the Moscow Canal]. Gidrotekhnika [Hydrotechnics]. 2012, no. 4 (29), pp. 85—90. (In Russian)
  18. Levachev S.N., Fedorova T.S. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie betona sten kamer shlyuzov kanala imeni Moskvy [Stress-strain State of Concrete in the Walls of Lock Chambers of the Moscow Channel]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 137—149. (In Russian)
  19. Zakreplenie sten kamer shlyuzov № 1—9 metodom kolonn [Securing the Walls of Locks no. 1—9 by Columns]. LLC «Gidrostroyremont». Moscow, 2005, 25 p. (In Russian)
  20. Rozental’ N.K., Chekhniy G.V., Bazanov V.E., Borisov T.Yu., Shurukhin L.A. Korrozionnoe sostoyanie betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy shlyuzov Rybinskogo gidrouzla [Corrosion State of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures of the Gateways of Rybinsk Hydroelectric Complex]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2010, no. 5, pp. 4—15. (In Russian)
  21. Rozental’ N.K., Chekhniy G.V., Bazanov V.E., Borisov T.Yu., Shurukhin L.A. Korrozionnoe sostoyanie zhelezobetonnykh i kamennykh konstruktsiy zdaniy Rybinskogo gidrouzla [Corrosion State of Reinforced Concrete and Stone Constructions of the Structures of Rybinsk Hydroelectric Complex]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 19—29. (In Russian)
  22. Rozental’ N.K., Chekhniy G.V., Bazanov V.E., Borisov T.Yu., Shurukhin L.A. Sostoyanie betona gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy Rybinskogo gidrouzla [The State of Concrete Hydraulic Structures of Rybinsk Hydroelectric Complex]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 22—31. (In Russian)

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