ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Ways of modernization of large-panel residential buildings in Yerevan

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Hakobyan Tigran Davidovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) postgraduate student, Department of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Reconstruction of Historical Heritage, Fine Arts and History, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 9-19

The present article discusses some problems of renovation and modernization of large-panel residential buildings built in the postwar period in Yerevan. The analysis of the current situation showed that today these buildings have many problems related to their functional and aesthetic aspects of quality and become obsolete. The floor plans don’t satisfy modern functional requirements of inhabitants: similar and repeatable types of buildings became the reason of large arrays of monotonously built up districts with low indicators of quality. Furthermore, there are many low quality extensions and add-ins to the buildings made by inhabitants without control, which destroy the architectural appearance of habitat. Yard places of large-panel residential buildings are occupied by car parks and road travel, buildings are cut off from courtyard areas, which as a consequence don’t meet tsocial and functional requirements of the people. The consideration of the international experience of large-panel old housing renovation in European countries has shown that the main activities include improving the energy efficiency of residential buildings with removing heat loss and using solar panels, contrast changes in architectural appearance with large terraces, loggias, using wide range of colors, add-in attics and enlarging the height and the use of space-planning decisions to increase the living space. Analyzing the current situation of the housing and the international experience of modernization the concept of complex modernization of large-panel buildings was offered, which suggested bringing it to life on three main levels of habitat: apartments, building shapes, residential environment and areas. The main goals of the concept are increasing the comfort of planning decisions as well as the total size of the apartment, improving architectural appearance of the building and introducing areas for public services to housing, increasing energy efficiency and creating green areas at all floor levels, achievement of individual style of the buildings and the possibility of an easy transformation, increasing the effective use and the ecological status of a yard.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.9-19

References
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DESIGN SOLUTIONS FOR THERMAL INSULATION OF EXTERIOR WALLS OF CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE HIGH-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN CENTRAL REGIONS OF СHINA

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Bantserova Ol'ga Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associated Professor, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Li Ruixin - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7 - 15

A significant portion of the overall heat loss is due to the heat loss through the building envelope. According to the opinions of experts, the surface area of exterior walls has the insulation of about 65 % of the total envelope of apartment buildings; therefore, thermal protection of external walls of buildings is a key issue in ensuring the thermal performance of envelopes of apartment buildings.
The author has developed design solutions that assure the thermal protection of exterior walls and that are aimed at identifying the optimal solution in terms of the location of insulation materials, their thermal performance and insulation of exterior walls of apartment buildings in central regions of China.
The author presents a comparative analysis of the main methodologies of thermal insulation designated for the exterior walls of multi-storey residential buildings: internal and external insulation, as well as the insulation in-between the wall layers. The analyses of wall designs are based on the insulation performance, thermal insulation performance, methods of mounting different systems of insulation, and cost of work.
As a result, practical recommendations originate from the statement that the most optimal designs of exterior walls of monolithic high-rise apartment buildings of central regions of China are those that have insulation on the outside of the building. They include layers of insulation made of extruded polystyrene, which is currently planned for use in the construction of high-rise monolithic residential buildings in central China.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.7 - 15

References
  1. Zhang Wenxiao. Measure to Increase the Energy Effi ciency of Building. Information of China Construction. 2007, no. 11, pp. 135—138.
  2. Liu Peng. Manual of Energy Effi ciency in Buildings of China. Beijing, Building Technology Publ., 2007, 258 p.
  3. Zhang Hongmei, Tang Yuan. Analysis of the Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Types of Thermal Insulation of External Walls. Academic Research in China. 2012, no. 6, pp. 18—20.
  4. Guo Dawei. Research Insulation on the Outside Walls of the Building Heat Engineering. Science and Technology Innovation Herald. 2012, no. 16, pp. 130—133.
  5. Chu Juntian, Shen Lianxi. Research Flammability of Insulation Materials in Thermal Performance of External Walls. Construction Safety. 2012, no. 1, pp. 89—91.
  6. Rules to installation and acceptance of gas concrete YTONG. «DBJ/CT003-2004» (China).
  7. Energy saving building envelopes in residential buildings «DG/TJ08-206-2002» (China).
  8. The specifi cation of technical insulation with the YTONG systems «DBJ/CT018-2008» (China).
  9. The specifi cation of technical application with the EVG-3D board «DBJ/CD01-2004» (China).
  10. The use of EPS in construction of exterior walls with external insulation. Waterproofing and insulation in China. Available at: http://www.31fsbw.com/detail-5679170.html. Date of access: 06.08.2012.
  11. Yang Yiming. Research of Thermal Performance of Building Technologies of Exterior Walls with External Insulation. Building Technology, 2001, no. 8, pp. 121—130.

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Architectural and engineering principles and innovations in the construction of glass-facade buildings

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

Though the technologies are dynamically developing and there are a lot of research projects, there is still no general opinion on a glass-facade building among the European scientific community, architects and construction engineers. The increasing requirements to heat-protective qualities of translucent structures make us think of the necessity of a quantum leap both in technologies and in principal approaches to the development of architectural and constructive solutions of translucent shells. Together with economical features, the dynamics of heat-protective indicators’ increase show the tendencies to reaching the possibilities limits of mass glass units. The European construction practice usually solve this problem by developing sealed insulating glass units and by different conceptual solutions of the systems of translucent double facades. In the given article the basic theoretical principles and innovative engineering ideas are formulated dealing with the modern glass-facade building construction. “Green Building” conception is analyzed as a European new building philosophy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.7-15

References
  1. Maritz Vandenberg. Farnsworth House (Architecture in Detail), Mies van der Rohe. Phaidon Press Inc., 2005, 60 p.
  2. Schossing E., Behnisch S., Fisch N. About Energy and Architecture. Profile — Architecture Magazine. Schueco International KG, 2007, no. 5, pp. 11—13.
  3. Benits-Vil’denburg Yu. Noveyshie tekhnologii teploizolyatsii i ventilyatsii s pomoshch’yu okon i fasadov [New Heat Insulating and Ventilation Technologies with the Help of Windows and Facades]. Okna. Dveri. Vitrazhi [Windows. Doors. Stained Glass]. 2008, Business Issue. Available at: http://okna.ua/library/art-novejshie_tehnologii_teploizoljacii_i_1. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Stratiy P.V., Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A. Klimaticheskaya nagruzka na steklopakety [Climatic Load on Insulating Glass Units]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 262—267. (In Russian)
  5. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculating the Climatic Load on Glass Units on the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Unit Deflection in the Case of Atmospheric Impact of the Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  7. Aleksandrov Yu.P., Glikin S.M., Drozdov V.A., Tarasov V.P. Konstruktsii s primeneniem steklopaketov [Structures with Insulating Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 193 p.(In Russian)
  8. Vakuumnyy steklopaket: budushchee poka tumanno [Sealed Insulating Glass Unit. The Future is still Cloudy]. Okna. Dveri. Fasady [Windows. Doors. Facades]. 21.04.2013. Available at: http://odf.ru/stat_end.php?id=483. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  9. Rossa M. Innovatsionnoe ispol’zovanie stekla: doklad na 2-m spetsializirovannom kongresse «Okna — fasady — steklo» [Innovative Use of Glass: Report on the 2nd Subject-oriented Congress “Windows — Facades — Glass”]. Moscow, 2007. Available at: http://cwe.ru/archive/detail.php?el=1039&phrase_id=439020. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  10. Tenhunen O., Lintula K., Lchtinen T., Lehtovaara J., Viljanen M., Kesti J., Makelainen P.Double Skin Facades — Structures and Building Physics. Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research. Available at: http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~raojw/crd/reference/reference001114.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  11. Basnet Arjun. Architectural Integration of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Collector Systems into Buildings: Master’s Thesis in Sustainable Architecture. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, Trondheim, June 2012, 96 p. Available at: https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/download/attachments/48431699/Master-Basnet.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1339765553175. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  12. Schittich S., Staib G., Balkow D., Schuler M., Sobek D. Glass Construction Manual. Birkhauser Basel, 1999, 328 p.
  13. Aschehoug Ø., Bell D. BP SOLAR SKIN — A facade concept for a sustainable future. SINTEF Report, May 2003. Available at: http://www.sintef.no/upload/BP%20Solar%20Skin%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  14. RENSON. Reference book, 2nd ed. Waregem, Belgium, 2008. Available at: http://www.rensonuk.net/reference-books-referencebook-2008.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  15. Innovations / Energy2: Saving Energy — Generating Energy. Schüco International KG. 35 p. Available at: https://www.alukoenigstahl.com/AKS/UI/AKSImage.aspx?TabID=0&Alias=Stahl&Lang=hr-HR&Domain=hr&ec=1&imageID=53a7a6f9-54ee-4ac7-935d-96855e8a7546. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  16. Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A., Zakharov A.V. Proektirovanie sovremennykh okonnykh sistem grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Design of Modern Window Systems of Civil Buildings]. Kiev, Domashevskaya O.A. Publ., 2005, 312 p. (In Russian)

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DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGICAL HOUSE CONSTRUCTION (THE CASE OF BUSINESS PROJECT OF THE AUTONOMOUS ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMPLEX «ECO-HOUSE»)

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Shevchenko Andrey Stanislavovich - CJSC National Engineering Company , CJSC National Engineering Company, Office А504, А506, 2 Gorbunova str., bldg. 204, Moscow, Russian Federation, 121596.
  • Velichko Evgeny Grigorievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.
  • Tskhovrebov Eduard Stanislavovich - Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”) Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”), 42 Olimpiyskiy pr., Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141006.

Pages 415-428

The strategic course on energy efficiency, resource saving, and environmental safety as a basis for sustainable development of our country brings to the forefront the issues related to ecological house construction or “green” construction. Now, these issues are of particular relevance and research and practical importance. In this article, the main principles (criteria) for ecological house construction have been defined, and an attempt has been made to formulate a normative and methodological justification for each of them, taking into account the generalization and analysis of the knowledge accumulated on this topic. The presented principles of ecological house construction are updated on the example of a specific territory and construction site. They are implemented in the construction business project of an autonomous energy-efficient complex “Eco-house” with innovative treatment facilities and resource-saving operation technologies in one of the most ecologically clean areas of the Moscow Region. The main objective of this project is to reach to a fundamentally new level of environmental and economic development of architectural and construction thought, considering the eco-house as a natural anthropogenic ecosystem with a positive ecological resource that provides autonomous existence, energy efficiency, resource saving and environmental safety as the main principles of sustainable development. The business project satisfies to all the town-planning, technical, sanitary-hygienic, environmental requirements for selecting a land plot for individual housing construction, its layout, construction technologies, construction materials, structures and products, residential buildings and premises, nature conservation facilities, resource-saving activities and recycling eco-house waste products into useful secondary products used hereafter in the eco-house processes of management and operation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.415-428

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METHODS TO IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF BUILDINGS DURING RECONSTRUCTION

Vestnik MGSU 7/2018 Volume 13
  • Leonova Anna Nikolaevna - Kuban State Technological University (KubGTU) andidate of technical sciences, the associate professor, Kuban State Technological University (KubGTU), 2 Moskovskaya st., Krasnodar, 350072, Russian Federation.
  • Kurochka Maria Vyacheslavovna - Kuban State Technological University (KubGTU) student, Kuban State Technological University (KubGTU), 2 Moskovskaya st., Krasnodar, 350072, Russian Federation.

Pages 805-813

Subject: introduction of energy-efficient materials and decisions in the field of reconstruction is the factor influencing the reduction of heat losses. Use of such materials and decisions leads to considerable economy and improvement of heat insulation properties of the building. Research objectives: establish efficiency of application of methods of passive and active protection of buildings against heat losses and increase of energy-saving during reconstruction. Materials and methods: theoretical and methodological basis of the research was the scientific work of domestic and foreign scientists on the issues of energy efficiency management and introduction of energy-saving technologies at capital construction facilities and educational institutions. General scientific research methods (analysis, synthesis, generalization), comparison method, classification method were used during the research. Detailed thermograms of buildings, thermal imaging examinations, and monitoring of microclimate parameters were used. Results: modern approaches to the problem of energy-saving and provision of comfortable living conditions are investigated. The analysis of the use of active and passive methods to improve energy efficiency of buildings is carried out. Conclusions: improving the energy efficiency of buildings during reconstruction must be addressed comprehensively, taking into account measures aimed at increasing the effect of fuel and energy resource consumption.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.7.805-813

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Determination of buildings sun shields operating parameters for the purpose of durability and sustainability

Vestnik MGSU 9/2018 Volume 13
  • Yang Hui - Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture Ph.D, Associate Professor, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhanlanlu, 100044, Xicheng District, Beijing, P.R. China; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lushin Kirill I. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Plushenko Natalia Yu. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 1154-1164

Considers the modern building envelope construction with outside skin used as a sun shields. Such a constriction is often used for buildings with low energy consumption. A number of factors besides sun radiation influencing on the performance of facade system in general and every certain parts and elements throughout the entire period of building operation. Subject: multilayer and double skin building facades and sun screens located on their surfaces. Including, dual-use facades combining functions of the sun screen and sub construction for the placement of photovoltaic cells. Materials and methods: the main method was an estimation the aerodynamic and air-thermal characteristics of a double skin façade. Was considered a construction with combined function of a sun shield. The method was previously used in evaluation of the air-thermal regime of hinged facade systems of buildings for cold period of a year. The general approach was advanced and verified by the results of full-scale tests of building facades in the warm period of the year. Results: indicates great influence of air and thermal conditions of air gap in double skin and similar construction facades on performance of façade system in general and on every certain part of it. Conclusions: the construction of complex facade systems with the use of up to date technologies requires additional study of the air-thermal conditions of the air gap between the main facade of the building and its second skin or sun screen. Ignoring the operational features of active sun shields under extreme loads can lead to a decrease in the equipment functionality and its premature failure.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.9.1154-1164

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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES of HIGH-HOLLOW ceramic wall products on the basis of modern software systems

Vestnik MGSU 1/2017 Volume 12
  • Bedov Anatoliy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete and Stone Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26, Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Gaysin Askar Miniyarovich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), Office 225, 195, Mendeleeva St., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.
  • Gabitov Azat Ismagilovich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), Office 225, 195, Mendeleeva St., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.
  • Kuznetsov Dmitriy Valeryevich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), Office 225, 195, Mendeleeva St., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.
  • Salov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Highways and Technology of Construction Operations, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), Office 225, 195, Mendeleeva St., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.
  • Abdulatipova Elena Midkhatovna - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of Department of Technological Machines and Equipment, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), Office 225, 195, Mendeleeva St., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.

Pages 17-25

Energy efficiency in construction is the main direction of energy saving in which the basic measure is to reduce heat losses through walling. In this regard, a particularly promising measure is an application of high-hollow multislot ceramic for external walls due to its predictable properties and reliability in operation. Range of high-hollow ceramic products currently manufactured in the Republic of Bashkortostan is considered in the article. Simulation and calculation of strength characteristics of high-hollow ceramic stones in the SCAD program system were performed, fracture model geometric parameters were obtained. Results of mechanical tests of high-hollow ceramic products are shown. The simulation and calculations performed in the SCAD program system with obtaining of geometric parameters of the fracture model made it possible to compare the convergence of calculation results with actual test results. Based on the results of the performed research it is concluded that the fracture model in the SCAD program system has practically coincided with the fracture pattern obtained in the process of experimental study of strength of high-hollow ceramic stones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.1.17-25

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Influence of constructive characteristics of a room on the parameters of regulators of automated climatic systems

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Samarin Oleg Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of the Heating and Ventilation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federa- tion; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Goryunov Igor’ Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Manager, Automation of Construction Technologies Branch, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-97-80; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tishchenkova Irina Ivanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-109

Currently, the successful development of construction industry depends on the improved energy performance of buildings, structures and facilities, as well as on the quality assurance of the indoor climate. In view of the above, designing and operation of buildings should be aimed at the best (optimal) solution of the following objective: to ensure the set-point values of indoor climate serviced by automated climate control systems, against the minimal energy consumption. In regard of its substantive structure, this paper describes the study on the relationship between the individual parameters of indoor thermal stability and the regulatory impact of automatic control systems (ACS). We analyzed the effect of structural room characteristics on the total energy consumption of the airflow processing unit in order to ensure energy saving. The final result is illustrated by numeric simulation with the use of a developed computer program and graphic examples. The proposed method is based on the assumption that the total thermal stability of the «room-ACVS-ACS» system is defined by heat absorption index of a room and the ACS control operation. This follows directly from the back-to-back connection of units corresponding to the room and ACVS in the scheme of automatic indoor climate control. Further study allowed authors to trace the influence of structural characteristics of a room on the total energy consumption needed for air intake treatment. This can be done by applying values of the main walling area. Basing on the developed algorithm, the authors made calculations using the computer program developed in Fortran. As a result a fragments of the program are presented - calculations of the parameters’ values included in the expressions and the total specific energy consumption for heating the air intake during the heating season, under varying room geometry, as well as the graphic illustration of the obtained relationships.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.101-109

References
  1. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Ob otsenke energeticheskoy effektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [On Assessment of Power Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Inzhenernye sistemy [Engineering Systems]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
  2. Gorshkov A.S., Vatin N.I., Rymkevich P.P. Realizatsiya gosudarstvennoy programmy povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy [Implementation of a State Program of Power Efficiency Increase of Residential and Public Buildings]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21nd Century]. 2014, no. 1 (180), pp. 3939—3946. (In Russian)
  3. Chernov S.S. Sostoyanie energosberezheniya i povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti v Rossii [State of Energy Saving and Increase of Power Efficiency in Russia]. Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. Vestnik Volgogradskogo instituta biznesa [Business. Education. Law. Bulletin of the Volgograd Institute of Business]. 2013, no. 4 (25), pp. 136—140. (In Russian)
  4. Drozd D.V., Elistratova Yu.V., Seminenko A.S. Vliyanie vetra na mikroklimat v pomeshchenii [Influence of Wind on the Microclimate Indoors]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii [Modern High Technologies]. 2013, no. 8, Part 1, pp. 37—39. (In Russian)
  5. Datsuk T., Pukhal V., Ivlev U. Forecasting of Microclimate in the Course of Buildings Design and Reconstruction. Advanced Materials Research. 2014, vol. 1020, pp. 643—648. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1020.643.
  6. Vuksanovic D., Murgul V., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. Optimization of Microclimate in Residential Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 680, pp. 459—466. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.680.459.
  7. Samarin O.D., Fedorchenko Yu.D. Vliyanie regulirovaniya sistem obespecheniya mikroklimata na kachestvo podderzhaniya vnutrennikh meteoparametrov [The Influence of Microclimate Control Systems on the Grade of Maintenance of Internal Air Parameters]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 124—128. (In Russian)
  8. Tishchenkova I.I., Goryunov I.I., Samarin O.D. Research of the Operating Mode of the Regulator in the Automatic Climate Systems for Power Saving Purposes. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2013, vols. 409—410, pp. 634—637. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.409-410.634.
  9. Gabrielaitiene I. Numerical Simulation of a District Heating System with Emphases on Transient Temperature Behaviour. Environmental Engineering : Pap. of the 8th International Conference, May 19—20, 2011, Vilnius, Lithuania. 2011, vol. 2, pp. 747—754.
  10. Halawa E., van Hoof J. The Adaptive Approach to Thermal Comfort: A Critical Overview. Energy and Buildings. 2012, vol. 51, pp. 101—110. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.04.011
  11. Brunner G. Heat Transfer. Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology. 2014, vol. 5, pp. 228—263.
  12. Horikiri K., Yao Y., Yao J. Modelling Conjugate Flow and Heat Transfer in a Ventilated Room for Indoor Thermal Comfort Assessment. Building and Environment. 2014, vol. 77, pp. 135—147. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.03.027.
  13. Tae Sup Yun, Yeon Jong Jeong, Tong-Seok Han, Kwang-Soo Youm. Evaluation of Thermal Conductivity for Thermally Insulated Concretes. Energy and Buildings. 2013, vol. 61, pp. 125—132. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.01.043.
  14. Aghayan S.A., Sardari D., Mahdavi S.R.M., Zahmatkesh M.H. An Inverse Problem of Temperature Optimization in Hyperthermia by Controlling the Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient. Journal of Applied Mathematics. 2013, Vol. 2013, 9 p. Available at: http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jam/1394808083. Date of access: 20.12.2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/734020.
  15. Allaire G., Habibi Z. Second Order Corrector in the Homogenization of a Conductive-Radiative Heat Transfer Problem. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems — Series B. 2013, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1—36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/dcdsb.2013.18.1.
  16. Sagis L.M.C. Dynamic Behavior of Interfaces: Modeling with Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. 2014, vol. 206, pp. 328—343.
  17. Samarin O.D., Grishneva E.A. Povyshenie energoeffektivnosti zdaniy na osnove intellektual’nykh tekhnologiy [Increasing of Building Energy Efficiency Using Smart Technologies]. Energosberezheniye i vodopodgotovka [Energy Saving and Water Treatment]. 2011, no. 5 (73), pp. 12—14. (In Russian)
  18. Meyntser S.V. Bystrovozvodimye zdaniya promyshlennogo naznacheniya [Fast-built Buildings of Industrial Function]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 6 (8), pp. 9—11. (In Russian)
  19. Smirnov V.V., Savichev V.V. Osobennosti prognozirovaniya mikroklimata [Features of Microclimate Forecasting]. Santekhnika, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie [Bathroom Equipment, Heating, Conditioning]. 2013, no. 4 (136), pp. 71—75. (In Russian)
  20. Tabunshchikov Yu.A. Energoeffektivnye zdaniya i innovatsionnye inzhenernye sistemy [Power Effective Buildings and Innovative Engineering Systems]. Ventilyatsiya, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie vozdukha, teplosnabzhenie i stroitel’naya teplofizika [Ventilation, Heating, Air Conditioning, Heat Supply and Construction Thermophysics]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 6—11. (In Russian)

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Methods of reduction of power consumption for cooling residential buildings in the hotand dry climate of northern regions of Tajikistan

Vestnik MGSU 9/2013
  • Usmonov Shukhrat Zaurovich - Khujand Politechnic Institute of Tajik Technical University by academic M. Osimi (PITTU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Khujand Politechnic Institute of Tajik Technical University by academic M. Osimi (PITTU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 226 Lenina st., Khujand, 735700, Tajikistan; applicant, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79-85

Reduction of energy consumption by devices designated for cooling residential buildings in the hot and dry climate of Central Asia is a most important challenge. The author uses a large apartment building (105 series), built in the 1980ies in the city of Khujand, to study the energy consumption required to cool the building after its renovation and modernization. Basic methods of reducing energy consumption for cooling buildings in hot, dry climates were applied. According to the findings of the research performed using a model residential house, ambient solar heat gain is reduced by 65 % during the hot season lasting from April to September. To cool the building, old windows are replaced by new insulated ones having a low solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC — 0.4) and external awnings are installed to protect windows looking to the West.The typical internal room temperature of +25 °C is assumed for the thermal calculations in the summer conditions. In summer, the outside temperature exceeds 40 °C in the northern regions of Tajikistan. A typical difference between the inside and outside air temperature is 15 °C. This extensive temperature difference has a negative effect on the human body. Frequently, the human body has no time to adapt to rapid temperature changes. Aged and sick people are especially sensitive to rapid temperature changes. They are more likely to experience headaches, exacerbated hypertension, atherosclerosis and other diseases. Moderate fluctuations of the air temperature are preferable, as they reduce pressure on the body's thermoregulatory mechanisms.It is noteworthy that people who remain inside buildings are not isolated from the external environment, and they must be careful to avoid sudden temperature changes. In the European regulations aimed at warm, rather than hot summer conditions, internal residential air temperature of +25 °C is considered comfortable. On the contrary, the internal temperature in residential buildings in northern Tajikistan varies from +27 °C to +28 °C. High temperatures can cause significant discomfort in the hot and dry climate like the one in Tajikistan.It is recommended to remain indoors during the day, to keep the windows open at night, and to run air conditioners in residential buildings in summer at certain time intervals.The author proposes a method of optimization of the design temperature of residential rooms using PMV and PPD indices. Optimal air circulation through open windows at night is identified to ensure comfort in modernized residential buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.9.79-85

References
  1. Obolenskiy N.V. Arkhitektura i solntse [Architecture and the Sun]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 207 p.
  2. Litskevich V.K., Makrinenko L.I., Migalina I.V.; Obolenskiy N.V., editor. Arkhitekturnaya fizika [Architectural Physics]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2007, 448 p.
  3. Obolenskiy N.V. Uchet pryamogo solnechnogo sveta pri proektirovanii zdaniy v yuzhnykh rayonakh [Taking Account of Direct Sunlight in the Design of Buildings in Southern Regions]. Promyshlennoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial Engineering]. 1965, no. 1, pp. 12—14.
  4. Rogers T.S. Proektirovanie teplozashchity zdaniy [Design of Thermal Protection of Buildings]. Moscow, 1966, pp. 62—70.
  5. Markizy na okna. Markizy i shtory. Comfort Space. [Window Marquises. Marquises and Curtains. Comfort Space] Available at: http://comfortspace.ru/katalog/markizy/markizy-na-okna Date of access: 15.05.13.
  6. Markizy. Ripo International. [Marquises. Ripo International]. Available at: http://www.ripo.lv/ru/products/Protective_shutters/colours/ Date of access: 15.05.13.
  7. ASHRAE Handbook. Fundamentals. 2005, pp. 8—17.
  8. Fanger P.O. Thermal Comfort Analysis and Applications in environmental Engineering. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970, 244 p.
  9. Fanger P.O., Crieger R.E. Thermal Comfort. Malabar, Florida, 1982.

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Energy efficiency of housing stock as an economic incentive to increase the performance of real estate objects

Vestnik MGSU 3/2015
  • Grabovyy Kirill Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction and Property Management, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kiseleva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Organization and Control in Real Estate, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 781-80-07; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79-91

The most possible increase of market value after large-scale reconstruction can be reached when a building or a group of buildings are situated in rather economically attractive areas, while the most part of the area is already repaired. In these cases the costs of repairs can be compensated by means of increase in the market value and sale of additional floors. The wide use of more effective methods of construction can also increase the price in the repaired real estate objects. The influence on the economic value of houses and buildings can be considerable also due to the improvement of operational qualities and because of an esthetic component. The opportunities for substantial increase of energy efficiency in economic sense are directly connected with the needs for large-scale reconstruction of the outdated building. Nevertheless, the changes of just windows, repair of facades, etc. lead to reasonable improvement of power efficiency, and respectively and building costs in general. The use of natural resources in construction during repairs of the building and at the stage of operation influences the environment. The influence degree depends not only on isolation, but also on the choice of the type of repair, energy efficiency, front and roofing materials, and also on the use of energy raw materials, necessary for construction process.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.3.79-91

References
  1. Chuzhinova Yu.Yu., Semenova E.E. Aktual’nost’ problemy energosberezheniya i puti ee resheniya [Current Problem of Energy Efficiency and Methods of Its Solution]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo GASU. Seriya: Vysokie tekhnologii. Ekologiya [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Construction. Series: High Technologies. Ecology]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 138—141. (In Russian)
  2. Mikhaylov S.A., Balyabina A.A. Regional’nye aspekty problemy energosberezheniya [Regional Aspects of the Problem of Energy Saving]. Sovremennye energeticheskie sistemy i kompleksy i upravlenie imi : materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Modern Power Systems and Complexes and Management: Materials of the 8h International Science and Practice Conference]. Novocherkassk, YuRGTU (NPI) Publ., 2010, pp. 49—52. (In Russian)
  3. Fuerst F., McAllister P. The Impact of Energy Performance Certificates on the Rental and Capital Values of Commercial Property Assets. Energy Policy. 2011, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 6608—6614. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.08.005.
  4. Qian Q.K., Chan E.H.W., Choy L.H.T. Real Estate Developers’ Concerns about Uncertainty In Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) Investment — A Transaction Costs (TCs) Perspective. Journal of Green Building. 2013, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 116—129. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3992/jgb.7.4.116.
  5. Kok N., Jennen M. The Impact of Energy Labels and Accessibility on Office Rents. Energy Policy. 2012, vol. 46, pp. 489—497.
  6. Shlychkov V.V. Energeticheskaya bezopasnost’ kak faktor ustoychivogo ekonomicheskogo razvitiya [Energy Security as a Factor of Sustainable Economic Development]. Energetika Tatarstana [Energy of Tatarstan]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 62—69. (In Russian)
  7. Nikolikhina Yu.A. Povyshenie effektivnosti ekspluatatsii ob’’ektov zhiloy nedvizhimosti [Improving the Operational Efficiency of Residential Real Estate Objects]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 650—653. (In Russian)
  8. Fang C.-Y., Hu J.-L., Lou T.-K. Environment-Adjusted Total-Factor Energy Efficiency Of Taiwan’s Service Sectors. Energy Policy. 2013, vol. 63, pp. 1160—1168. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.124.
  9. Gelman V. Reversible Thyristor-Controlled Rectifiers. IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine. 2009, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 82—89.
  10. Kochetkov A.S., Kudrov Yu.V., Sirotenko Ya.A. Razrabotka organizatsionno-administrativnykh i tekhnologicheskikh meropriyatiy po povysheniyu energoeffektivnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Development of Organizational-Administrative And Technological Measures To Improve The Energy Efficiency Of Buildings And Structures]. Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Service in Russia and Abroad]. 2014, vol. 8, no. 1 (48), pp. 183—192.
  11. Hurst N. Energy Efficiency Rating Systems for Housing: an Australian Perspective. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis. 2012, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 361—376.
  12. Viguié V., Hallegatte S., Rozenberg J. Downscaling Long Term Socio-Economic Scenarios at City Scale: A Case Study on Paris. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2014, pp. 305—324. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.12.028.
  13. Beusker E., Stoy C., Pollalis S.N. Estimation Model and Benchmarks for Heating Energy Consumption of Schools and Sport Facilities in Germany. Building and Environment. 2012, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 324—335. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.08.006.
  14. Jakob M. Marginal Costs and Co-Benefits of Energy Efficiency Investments. The Case of the Swiss Residential Sector. Energy Policy. 2006, vol. 34 (2 Spec. iss.), pp. 172—187.
  15. Bykova S.A. Aspekty energosberezheniya i energoeffektivnost’ pri provedenii kapital’nogo remonta ob”ektov nedvizhimosti na Dal’nem Vostoke [Aspects of Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency When Conducting Capital Repairs of Real Estate Objects in the Far East]. Rossiyskoe predprinimatel’stvo [Russian Journal of Entrepreneurship]. 2011, no. 5—2, pp. 197—202. (In Russian)
  16. Ebzeev M.B. Analiz sovremennoy kontseptsii ekspluatatsii ob”ektov nedvizhimosti [Analysis of the Modern Concept of Real Estate Objects Operation]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2011, no. 12, vol. 1, pp. 64—67. (In Russian)
  17. Balyabina A.A. Regional’nye aspekty problemy energosberezheniya [Regional Aspects Of Energy Conservation Problem]. Radio-elektronika, elektrotekhnika i energetika: tezisy dokladov XV Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnichesloy konferentsii studentov i aspirantov, g. Moskva, 2009 : v 3-kh tomakh [Radio Electronics, Electrical and Power Engineering: Proceedings of the 15th International Scientific Technological Conference of Students And Postgraduate Students]. Moscow, MEI Publ., 2010, vol. 2, pp. 405—406. (In Russian)
  18. Assefa G., Glaumann M., Malmqvist T., Eriksson O. Quality versus impact: Com-paring the environmental efficiency of building properties using the EcoEffect tool. Building and Environment. 45 (5), 2010, pp. 1095—1103. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.10.001.
  19. Kobeleva S.A. Metodicheskie podkhody proektirovaniya resurso- i energoeffektivnykh zdaniy [Methodological Approaches to the Design of Resource and Energy Efficient Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Reconstruction]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 18—20. (In Russian)
  20. Marakushin M.V., Tomilov A.L. Informatsionnaya sistema upravleniya zhilishchnym fondom [Information Management System of Housing Stock]. Sistemy upravleniya i informatsionnye tekhnologii [Control Systems and Information Technologies]. 2007, no. 1.1(27), pp. 176—180. (In Russian)
  21. Cox M., Brown M.A., Sun X. Energy Benchmarking of Commercial Buildings: a Low-Cost Pathway Toward Urban Sustainability. Environmental Research Letters. 2013, vol. 8, no. 3, 12 p. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/035018/pdf/1748-9326_8_3_035018.pdf. Date of access: 15.01.2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035018.
  22. Yao J., Zhu N. Enhanced Supervision Strategies for Effective Reduction of Building Energy Consumption — a Case Study of Ningbo. Energy and Buildings. 2011, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 2197—2202. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.04.027.

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The development of small-scale power generation using leasing technologies

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Alekseeva Tat'yana Romanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 156-162

The article shows the prospects of the development of small-scale power engineering in Russia. Today, the development of small-scale power engineering faces many problems in our country. The legislative support required for the development is insufficient. Another great problem is financing. The article describes such a form of financing as leasing.The essence of leasing contract is presented.Leasing is a form of financing when the owner of an asset (the lessor) temporarily transfers the right to use an asset (and sometimes other ownership rights and obligations) to another party (the lessee). The lessor typically makes the lease for a specified time in return for a lump sum or periodic rental payments from the lessee.The chief advantage of leasing is that it provides an alternative to ownership. Lessees also benefit from a number of tax advantages.The article shows the advantages of leasing for the small-scale power generation and its functions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.156-162

References
  1. Filippov S.P. Malaya energetika v Rossii [Small-scale Power Generation in Russia]. Teploenergetika [Heat Power Engineering]. 2009, no. 8, pp. 38—44.
  2. Zhuravlev M.V. Energeticheskaya konstitutsiya, ili Ob aktual'nosti stroitel'stva mini-TES [Power Constitution, or on the Relevance of Construction of Mini-Thermal Power Stations]. Seti i sistemy svyazi [Networks and Communication Systems]. Moscow, 2007, no. 13, pp. 27—29.
  3. Pahomov A.N., Streltsov S.A., Bitiev A.V., Hamidov M.G. Mini-TES na biogaze: opyt MGUP «Mosvodokanal» [Mini-Thermal Power Station on Biogas: Experience of Mosvodokanal]. Energobezopasnost i energosberegenie [Power Safety and Energy Saving]. 2009, no. 3, p. 22—24.
  4. Osnovnye napravleniya povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti regionalnykh energeticheskikh sistem putem vnedreniya ob’’ektov raspredelitel’noy energetiki, v tom chisle funktsioniruyushchikh v rezhime kombinirovannoy vyrabotki tepla i elektricheskoy energii // Materials of the Round table, State Duma of the Russian Federation, March 24, 2011. Available at: http://minenergo.gov.ru/press/min_news/7014.html?sphrase_id=276419. Date of access: 22.01.2013.
  5. Filosofova T.G. Effektivnost' ispol'zovaniya lizinga v skhemakh modernizatsii [Leasing Effectiveness in the Process of Russian Economy Modernization]. Lizing. Tekhnologii biznesa [Leasing. Technologies of Business]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 6—21.
  6. Syrtsova O.N. Lizing kak instrument modernizatsii ekonomiki Rossii [Leasing as a Tool for Russian Economy Modernization]. Lizing. Tekhnologii biznesa [Leasing. Technologies of Business]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 14—29.
  7. Ibraeva A.A. Sushchnost' i funktsii lizinga v sisteme ekonomicheskikh otnosheniy khozyaystvuyushchikh sub"ektov [Leasing Essence and Functions in the System of Economic Relations of Managing Subjects]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2010, no. 4 (36), pp. 196—199.
  8. Scott Miller, Levon Goukasian. The Performance of Equipment Lease-Backed Securities During the Financial Crisis. Journal of Equipment Lease Financing. 2012, vol. 30, no. 1. Available at: http://www.leasefoundation.org. Date of access: 1.10.2013.

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ESTIMATION OF LONG-TERM INVESTMENT PROJECTS WITH ENERGY-EFFICIENT SOLUTIONS BASED ON LIFE CYCLE COSTS INDICATOR

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Bazhenov Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Water Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Ustyuzhanin Andrey Vadimovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Water Disposal and Water Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), .

Pages 146-157

The starting stage of the tender procedures in Russia with the participation of foreign suppliers dictates the feasibility of the developments for economical methods directed to comparison of technical solutions on the construction field. The article describes the example of practical Life Cycle Cost (LCC) evaluations under respect of Present Value (PV) determination. These create a possibility for investor to estimate long-term projects (indicated as 25 years) as commercially profitable, taking into account inflation rate, interest rate, real discount rate (indicated as 5 %). For economic analysis air-blower station of WWTP was selected as a significant energy consumer. Technical variants for the comparison of blower types are: 1 - multistage without control, 2 - multistage with VFD control, 3 - single stage double vane control. The result of LCC estimation shows the last variant as most attractive or cost-effective for investments with economy of 17,2 % (variant 1) and 21,0 % (variant 2) under adopted duty conditions and evaluations of capital costs (Cic + Cin) with annual expenditure related (Ce+Co+Cm). The adopted duty conditions include daily and seasonal fluctuations of air flow. This was the reason for the adopted energy consumption as, kW∙h: 2158 (variant 1),1743...2201 (variant 2), 1058...1951 (variant 3). The article refers to Europump guide tables in order to simplify sophisticated factors search (Cp /Cn, df), which can be useful for economical analyses in Russia. Example of evaluations connected with energy-efficient solutions is given, but this reference involves the use of materials for the cases with resource savings, such as all types of fuel. In conclusion follows the assent to use LCC indicator jointly with the method of determining discounted cash flows, that will satisfy the investor’s need for interest source due to technical and economical comparisons.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.146-157

References
  1. Avrorin A.V. Ekologicheskoe domostroenie. Stroitel’nye materialy i ekologiya : Analiticheskiy obzor [Ecological Housing Construction. Construction Materials and Ecology : Analytical Review]. Novosibirsk, 1999, pp. 1—68. (Ecological Series, issue 53) (In Russian)
  2. Telichenko V.I., Zavoloko L.M. Formirovanie baz dannykh dlya realizatsii informatsionnoy tekhnologii analiza zhiznennogo tsikla i otsenki ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti ob
  3. Telichenko V.I., Pavlov A.S., Zavoloko L.M. Metodologicheskie osnovy otsenki ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel’nykh ob
  4. Gasilov V.V., Karpovich M.A., Shitikov D.V., Dao T.B. Kriterii opredeleniya pobediteley torgov na zaklyuchenie kontraktov zhiznennogo tsikla [Criteria for Choosing Successful Bidders for Lifecycle Contracting]. Perspektivnoe razvitie nauki, tekhniki i tekhnologiy : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konfeentsii [Prospective Development of Science, Equipment and Technologies : Materials of the International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 56—59. (In Russian)
  5. Gasilov V.V., Karpovich M.A., Shitikov D.V. Formirovanie kriteriya optimal’nosti i sistemy ogranicheniy dlya realizatsii kontraktov zhiznennogo tsikla v dorozhnom stroitel’stve [Criteria Formation of Optimality and Constraint System for Lifecycle Contract Implementation in Road Construction]. FES: Finansy. Ekonomika. Strategiya [FES: Finance. Economy. Strategy]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 19—22. (In Russian)
  6. Piskarev A.I. Ekspertiza ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti gosudarstvennogo zakaza [State Order Economic Efficiency Examination]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 10, pp. 177—187. (in Russian)
  7. Benuzh A.A., Podshivalenko D.V. Otsenka sovokupnoy stoimosti zhiznennogo tsikla zdaniya s uchetom energoeffektivnosti i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti [Determining the Aggregate Cost of Lifecycle of a Building with Account for Energy Efficiency and Ecological Safety]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 10, pp. 43—46. (In Russian)
  8. Losev K.Yu. Sozdanie i vnedrenie tekhnologii upravleniya zhiznennym tsiklom ob
  9. Glass J., Dyer T., Georgopoulos C., Goodier C., Paine K., Tony Parry T., Baumann H., Gluch P. Future Use of Life-Cycle Assessment in Civil Engineering. Proceedings of the ICE: Construction Materials. 2013, vol. 166, no. 4, pp. 204—212. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/coma.12.00037.
  10. Gluch P., Baumann H. The Life Cycle Costing (LCC) Approach: A Conceptual Discussion of Its Usefulness for Environmental Decision-Making. Building and Environment. 2004, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 571—580. Available at: http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/local_2423.pdf. Date of access: 16.08.2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2003.10.008.
  11. Kulikova V.V., Belokonskaya E.G. O vozmozhnom podkhode k snizheniyu zatrat na predpriyatii vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya [On the Possible Approach to Reducing Costs for Water Supply and Water Disposal]. Problemy ekonomiki, finansov i upravleniya proizvodstvom : Sbornik nauchnykh trudov vuzov Rossii [Problems of Economy, Finance and Industrial Management : Collection of Scientific Works of the Universities of Russia]. 2013, no. 33, pp. 83—89. (In Russian)
  12. Bazhenov V.I., Krivoshchekova N.A. Ekonomicheskiy analiz sistem biologicheskoy ochistki stochnykh vod na osnove pokazatelya — zatraty zhiznennogo tsikla [Economical Analysis of Wastewater Biological Treatment Systems Based on the Index of Lifecycle Cost]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 69—74. (In Russian)
  13. Frenning L., editor. Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems. New Jersey, Hydraulic Institute Europump, 2001, 194 p.
  14. Emblemsveg J. Life-cycle Costing : Using Activity-Based Costing and Monte Carlo Methods to Manage Future Costs and Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2003, 320 p.
  15. Pashatskaya T.S. Otsenka i monitoring investitsionnykh proektov [Estimation and Monitoring of Investment Projects]. Ekonomika. Biznes. Banki [Economy. Business. Banks]. 2014, vol. 3, pp. 236—244. (In Russian)
  16. Novoselov A.L., Lobkovskiy V.A. Ekologo-ekonomicheskiy analiz zameshcheniya vidov topliva pri proizvodstve teplovoy i elektricheskoy energii [Ecological and Economical Analysis of Fuel Types Substitution during Production of Thermal and Electrical Power]. Problemy regional’noy ekologii [Problems of Regional Ecology]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 71—76. (In Russian)
  17. Mulyar V.Yu. Ispol’zovanie modifitsirovannogo integral’nogo pokazatelya effektivnosti investitsiy v kachestve osnovopolagayushchego kriteriya [Use of Modified Integral Efficiency Index of Investments as a Basic Criterion]. Voprosy ekonomiki i prava [Issues of Economy and Law]. 2014, no. 69, pp. 88—92. (In Russian)
  18. Skiba A.A., Ginzburg A.V. Kolichestvennaya otsenka riskov stroitel’no-investitsionnogo proekta [Quantitative Assessment of Risks for an Investment Project in the Construction Industry]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 201—206. (In Russian)
  19. Visconti R.M. Managing Healthcare Project Financing Investments: A Corporate Finance Perspective. Journal of Investment and Management. 2013, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 10—22. Available at: http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/archive.aspx?journalid=179&issueid=179020. Date of access: 16.08.2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11648/j.jim.20130201.12.
  20. Oliveira W.S., Fernandes A.J., Gouveia J.J.B. Economic Metrics for Wind Energy Projects. International Journal of Energy and Environment. 2011, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1013—1038. Available at: http://www.ijee.ieefoundation.org/vol2/issue6/IJEE_06_v2n6.pdf. Date of access: 16.08.2015.
  21. Dhillon B.S. Life Cycle Costing for Engineers. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, USA, 2010, 204 p.
  22. Hennecke F.-W. A Comparative Study of Pump Life Cycle Costs. Paper Technology. 2006, no. 10—11, pp. 20—27. Available at: http://www.hydra-cell.eu/docs/PT20-27.pdf . Date of access: 16.08.2015.
  23. Bazhenov V.I., Berezin S.E., Ustyuzhanin A.V. Obosnovanie stroitel’stva vozdukhoduvnykh stantsiy na baze ekonomicheskogo analiza zatrat zhiznennogo tsikla [Justification of the Construction of Blowing Houses Based on Economical Analysis of Lifecycle Costs]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering]. 2015, no. 2, pp. 46—53. (In Russian)
  24. Tipovoy proekt 902-1-135.88 Nasosno-vozdukhoduvnaya stantsiya s 8 turbokompressorami TV-300-1,6 [Typical Project 902-1-135.88 Pump-Blowing House with 8 Turbo-Compressors TV-300-1,6]. Available at: http://www.normacs.ru/Doclist/doc/UVUC.html. Date of access: 16.08.2015. (In Russian)

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THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF BASIC PROVISIONS OF THE ENERGY SAVING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE FIELD OF HOUSING AND PUBLIC UTILITIES THROUGH INTRODUCTION OF SMALL INNOVATIVE ENTERPRISES

Vestnik MGSU 5/2012
  • Kiseleva Ekaterina Alexandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) post-graduate student, Department of Construction Process Organization and Real Estate Management +7 (499) 183-85-57, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 176 - 180

The author addresses solutions to problems of the housing and utilities sector (including a substantial depreciation of fixed assets of the municipal infrastructure, a gap between domestic utilities management technologies and those employed worldwide, and the fund raising problem) through power saving actions to be facilitated by small innovative enterprises. The proposed solutions contribute to formation of new jobs in the regions, reduction of power consumption and higher efficiency of regional economies due to reduced costs and rates (prices) set for utilities-related services, and improvement of the standard and quality of living. The principal objective is to develop a set of procedures and criteria to serve as the basis for the selection of tools of power saving innovations in the housing and utilities sector of regions and municipalities. The above actions are to be implemented through the involvement of small innovative enterprises.
The basic tools (instruments of the state social and economic (including innovation-related) policy, that are to stimulate subjects of innovative activities to implement innovative projects in this sector) stimulate energy efficiency innovations in the housing and utilities sector. The proposed set of tools includes tax holidays, subsidies, grants, soft loans, concessional loans, state and municipal orders, etc.
The procedure of selection of instruments of state-initiated innovations designated for the improvement of the power efficiency of the housing and public utilities sector to be implemented by regional and municipal authorities is proposed by the author.
The author identifies several types of energy saving innovations in the housing and utilities sector, based on their systemic effects. Upon identification of the top-priority recipients of state support, financial resources are to be distributed.
Advantages of innovative energy saving projects in the housing and utilities sector, developed and implemented on the basis of the proposed organizational structure, are considered in the paper

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.5.176 - 180

References
  1. Aghabekyan A.B. Problemy upravleniya investitsionnymi proektami energosberezheniya v sfere ZhKKh na osnove razvitiya form gosudarstvenno-chastnogo partnerstva [Problems of Management of Power Saving Investment Projects in the Housing and Utilities Sector based on Development of Types of Public-Private Partnership]. Izvestiya Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Oryol State Technical University], 2009, no. 2.
  2. Bovin A.A., Cherednikova L.E., Yakimovich V.A. Upravlenie innovatsiyami v organizatsiyakh [Management of Innovations in Organizations]. Moscow, Omega-JI Publ., 2009, 416 p.
  3. Agitaev E.V. Berezhlivost' — osnova modernizatsii ZhKKh [Frugality as the Basis of Modernization of the Housing and Utilities Sector]. Reforma ZhKKh [Reform of the Housing and Utilities Sector]. 2010, no. 4.

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Model of evaluating the projected payback period in energy preservation

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Gorshkov Aleksandr Sergeevich - St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, director, Educational and Scientific Center “Monitoring and Rehabilitation of Natural Systems, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politekhnicheskaya str., 195251, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Pages 136-146

Providing energy efficiency of newly designed buildings is an important state task which is considered in EPBD directive and the latest regulations on energy saving. Though reducing energy consumption of the existing building is not less important. The majority of the existing buildings had been built before the implementation of modern energy saving programs. That’s why the volume of energy consumption in the existing buildings is greater than in new buildings. In frames of the given investigation the author considers the problem of forecasting the payback period of investment into reduction of energy consumption in a building. The formula is offered for calculating the projected payback period in energy saving with account for capital costs, calculated or actual value of the achieved energy saving effect, rise in tariffs for energy sources, discounting of the future cash flows and the volume and time for return of credit funds. Basing on the offered calculation methods it is possible to compare the efficiency of different energy saving solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.136-146

References
  1. Pukhkal V., Murgul V., Garifullin M. Reconstruction of Buildings with a Superstructure Mansard: Option to Reduce Energy Intensity of Buildings. Procedia Engineering. 2015, vol. 117, pp. 629—632. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.223.
  2. Pukhkal V., Vatin N., Murgul V. Central Ventilation System with Heat Recovery as One of Measures to Upgrade Energy Efficiency of Historic Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 633—634, pp. 1077—1081. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.633-634.1077.
  3. Vatin N., Nemova D., Ibraeva Y., Tarasevskii P. Development of Energy-Saving Measures for the Multi-Story Apartment Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, vol. 725—726, pp. 1408—1416. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.725-726.1408.
  4. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. The Use of Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Heat Recovery in the Historical Buildings of St. Petersburg. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 635—637, pp. 370—376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.635-637.370.
  5. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Exhaust Air Heat Recovery in the Case of Residential Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 680, pp. 524—528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.680.524.
  6. Aronova E., Radovic G., Murgul V., Vatin N. Solar Power Opportunities in Northern Cities (Case Study of Saint-Petersburg). Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 587—589, pp. 348—354. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.587-589.348.
  7. Kovalev I.N. Ob okupaemosti i rentabel’nosti dolgosrochnykh investitsiy [On Payback and Profitability of Permanent Investments]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  8. Kovalev I.N. Ratsional’nye resheniya pri ekonomicheskom obosnovanii teplozashchity zdaniy [Rational Solutions in Economic Justification of Thermal Protection of Buildings]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 14—19. (In Russian)
  9. Zhukov A.D., Bessonov I.V., Sapelin A.N., Bobrova E.Yu. Teplozashchitnye kachestva sten [Thermal Insulation Properties of Walls]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 70—77. (In Russian)
  10. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Energeticheskaya effektivnost’ i metodologiya sozdaniya teploizolyatsionnykh materialov [Energy Efficiency and Methods of Creating Heat-Insulating Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya : Politematicheskaya [Internet Journal of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Multi-Topic Series]. 2014, no. 4 (35), article. 3. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/3RumyantsevZhukovSmirnova.pdf. (In Russian)
  11. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Teploizolyatsiya i sovremennye stroitel’nye sistemy [Heat Insulation and Modern Construction Systems]. Krovel’nye i izolyatsionnye materialy [Roofing and Insulation Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  12. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Teploprovodnost’ vysokoporistykh materialov [Thermal Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114. (In Russian)
  13. Zhukov A.D. Sistemy ventiliruemykh fasadov [Systems of Ventilated Facades]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2012, no. 1, article 3. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru/index.php/sno/pages/view/01-2012. (In Russian)
  14. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Zhukova E.A. Sistemy fasadnoy otdelki s utepleniem [System of Faсade Finishing with Heat Insulation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 279—283. (In Russian)
  15. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Ob otsenke energeticheskoy effektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [On Evaluating Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Inzhenernye sistemy. AVOK Severo-Zapad [Engineering Systems. AVOK North-West]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
  16. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Kolichestvennaya otsenka energoeffektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Quantitative Assessment of Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  17. Gorshkov A.S. Inzhenernye sistemy. Rukovodstvo po proektirovaniyu, stroitel’stvu i rekonstruktsii zdaniy s nizkim potrebleniem energii [Engineering Systems. Manual on Design, Construction and Reconstruction of Buildings with Low Energy Consumption]. Saint Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo Politekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2013, 162 p. (In Russian)
  18. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po sostavleniyu tekhniko-ekonomicheskikh obosnovaniy dlya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy (dopolnenie) [Guidelines on Technical and Economic Justification for Energy Saving Measures (Addendum). Minsk, 2008, 31 p. (In Russian)
  19. Vasil’ev G.P., editor. Prakticheskoe posobie po povysheniyu energeticheskoy effektivnosti mnogokvartirnykh domov (MKD) pri kapital’nom remonte : v 9 tomakh [Practical Guide on Increasing Energy Efficiency of Multiflat Buildings during Major Repairs : in 9 Volumes]. Moscow, OAO «INSOLAR-INVEST» Publ., 2015, vol. 1, 89 p. (In Russian)
  20. Kurochkina K.Yu., Gorshkov A.S. Vliyanie avtoregulirovaniya na parametry energopotrebleniya zhilykh zdaniy [Influence of Autoregulation on the Parametres of Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 220—231. (In Russian)
  21. Gubina I.A., Gorshkov A.S. Energosberezhenie v zdaniyakh pri utilizatsii tepla vytyazhnogo vozdukha [Energy Saving in Buildings in Case of Heat Recovery of the Transfer Air]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 209—219. (In Russian)
  22. Nemova D.V., Gorshkov A.S., Vatin N.I., Kashabin A.V., Tseytin D.N., Rymkevich P.P. Tekhniko-ekonomicheskoe obosnovanie po utepleniyu naruzhnykh sten mnogokvartirnogo zhilogo zdaniya s ustroystvom ventiliruemogo fasada [Technical and Economic Justification of Heat Insulation of External Walls of a Residential Apartment Building with Ventilated Faсade System]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 11 (26), pp. 70—84. (In Russian)
  23. Gorshkov A.S., Rymkevich P.P., Nemova D.V., Vatin N.I. Metodika rascheta okupaemosti investitsiy po renovatsii fasadov sushchestvuyushchikh zdaniy [Methods of Calculating Payback of Facades Renovation of the Excising Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 2 (17), pp. 82—106. (In Russian)
  24. Gabriel’ I., Ladner Kh. Rekonstruktsiya zdaniy po standartam energoeffektivnogo doma [Reconstruction of Buildings According to Standards of Energy Efficient House]. Translated from German. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2011, 480 p. (Construction and Architecture) (In Russian)

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Overview of software products for the terrain analysis in the tasks of design automation of wind-power stations

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Rector, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 929-52-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sukneva Luiza Valer'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, assistant, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, leading engineer of the analytical department, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kirschke Heiko - Bauhaus-Universitat Weimar Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Department of Computer Science in Civil Engineering, Bauhaus-Universitat Weimar, 7 Coudraystrabe, Weimar, 99423, Germany; +49 (0) 36 43; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 254-261

The lack of ground and constantly growing price for energy sources are the reason for using alternative energy. The rules of the world community for environmental protection is the motivation for using renewable energy sources. It is necessary to automate the processes of the design technology for the alternative energy structures and their operation, as well as data gathering and analisys on all the existing objects. There is also the need to automise these objects' management. The topic of this article is connected to the analysis of terrain for designing windpower stations. The regional wind maps are valuable tools for the wind farm developer for searching site, but they are not accurate enough to justify the financing of the development. For the majority of prospective wind farms, the developer must undertake a wind resource measurement and use analyzing program. This should provide a robust prediction of the expected energy production over its lifetime. The authors note that a prediction of the energy production of a wind farm is possible using such methods as the wind atlas methodology within WAsP and show the main instruments.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.254-261

References
  1. Mortensen N.G., Landber I., Troen I., Petersen E.L. Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program (WAsP). User's Guide Risoe-1-666 (EN) (v.2). Roskilde, Denmark, Risoe National Laboratory, 1993.
  2. Volkov A. General Information Models of Intelligent Building Control Systems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering. Nottingham, UK, Nottingham University Press, 2010, Paper 43, p. 8.
  3. Volkov A.A., Sedov A.V., Chelyshkov P.D., Sukneva L.V. Geograficheskaya informatsionnaya sistema (atlas) al'ternativnykh istochnikov energii [Atlas: Geographic Information System of Alternative Sources of Energy]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no.1, pp. 213—217.
  4. Shvetsov D. Automation in the Service of Alternative Energy — a Promising Alliance. System Integration, 2011, pp. 48—53.
  5. Ignatova E.V. Reshenie zadach na osnove informatsionnoy modeli zdaniya [Problem Solving on the Basis of Information Model of Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 241—246.
  6. Volkov A.A. Gomeostat stroitel'nykh ob"ektov. Chast' 3. Gomeostaticheskoe upravlenie [Homeostat of Construction Projects. Part 3. Homeostatic Management]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Building Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st century]. 2003, no. 2, pp. 34—35.
  7. Volkov A.A., Vaynshteyn M.S., Vagapov R.F. Raschety konstruktsiy zdaniy na progressiruyushchee obrushenie v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy. Obshchie osnovaniya i optimizatsiya proekta [Design Calculations for the Progressive Collapse of Buildings in Emergency Situations. Common Grounds and Project Optimization]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 1, pp. 388—392.
  8. Skiba A.A., Ginzburg A.V. Analiz riska v investitsionno-stroitel’nom proekte [Risk Analysis for Investment Projects in the Construction Industry]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 276—281.
  9. Ginzburg A. Computer Modeling in Organizational and Technological Design. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality 2011. Weimar, Germany, Bauhaus-Universit?t, 2011, pp. 29—30.
  10. Ginzburg A. Organizational and Technological Reliability of Construction Companies. Computing in Civil and Building Engineering. Proceedings of The International Conference. Nottingham, The University of Nottingham, 2010, pp. 275—276.

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PIR DETECTORS FOR BUILDING ILLUMINATION AUTOMATION

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Golovin Andrey Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) post-graduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 194-200

The authors consider the issues of power saving with reference to the engineering systems of buildings. One of the technologies aimed at the improvement of the energy efficiency of buildings contemplates the employment of PIR detectors used for the purpose of automation of building illumination systems. The proposed technology consists of the following two key elements: passive infrared PIR receivers and the Fresnel lens. Passive infrared PIR receivers detect the motion of warm spots against the permanent temperature background. Traditionally, these PIR receivers are incorporated into security systems and automatic switches.The receiver interacts with the external optical system through its Fresnel lens that divides the space into transparent and non-transparent sectors and focuses the infrared beaming on sensitive elements. Whenever a human being enters these sectors, a variable thermal signal is formed.The technology is applicable to design and production of the machinery which power consumption is minimal (for example, the power consumption of one detector is about 0.3 W).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.194-200

References
  1. Kvasnikov I.A. Termodinamika [Thermodynamics]. 560 p.
  2. Voronin G.F. Osnovy termodinamiki [Fundamentals of Thermodynamics]. MGU Publ., 1987, pp. 35—37.
  3. Landau L.D., Lifshits E.M. Statisticheskaya fi zika, chast' 1 [Statistical Physics, Part 1]. 584 p.
  4. Volkov A.A., Sedov A.V., Chelyshkov P.D., Zinkov A.I. Zadachi avtomatizatsii v zadachakh energosberezheniya [Objectives of Automation within the Framework of Energy Saving]. Avtomatizatsiya zdaniy [Automation of Buildings]. 2010, no. 3 (36), p. 25.
  5. Egorychev O.O., Volkov A.A. Avtomatizatsiya inzhenernykh sistem zdaniy, sooruzheniy i tekhnologicheskikh tsiklov v reshenii zadach energosberezheniya [Automation of Engineering Systems of Buildings, Structures and Process Cycles as Part of Resolution of Energy Saving Problems]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo soyuza stroiteley [Proceedings of the Russian Union of Builders]. 2010, no.1, pp. 23—26.

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Comparative study of the energy efficiency of available and newly developed materials and structures based on the finite-element resolution of 2d and 3d problems of heat conductivity

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Belostotskiy Aleksandr Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shcherbina Sergey Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 212-219

The authors performed a comparative analysis of the energy efficiency of existing and newly developed enclosure structures of buildings. Density and heat transfer rate integrals alongside certain lines are selected as energy efficiency parameters. Finite element modeling verified by ANSYS Mechanical code is chosen as the research tool.Quasi-two-dimensional and three-dimensional options of the problem were resolved by the authors. The three-dimensional problem was resolved for a typical corner room free from embrasures.The key findings of the study are as follows:1. The two-dimensional finite element model of the wall and the three-dimensional finite element model of the corner room are produced and verified. Existing and newly developed materials and wall designs are taken into consideration in respect of the stationary heat transfer problem.2. 10.5 % reduction of the heat transfer rate was identified using the two-dimensional model, if the hat is transferred through the wall having a new design.3. The pattern of heat transfer rates is preserved in respect of the threedimensional problem of new wall designs and materials; however, particular “spikes” appear in the joints.4. A rise in the overall energy efficiency of newly developed materials and wall designs is discovered in respect of the three-dimensional problem (7.7 % along the horizontal axis and 1.5 % along the vertical axis).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.212-219

References
  1. Dmitriev A.N. Energosberegayushchie ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii grazhdanskikh zdaniy s effektivnymi uteplitelyami [Energy Saving Enclosure Structures of Civil Buildings Having Efficient Heat Insulation]. Moscow, 1999.
  2. Khutornoy A.N. Teplofizicheskoe obosnovanie novykh neodnorodnykh naruzhnykh sten zdaniy i prognozirovanie ikh teplozashchitnykh svoystv [Thermalphysic Feasibility Study of New Heterogeneous External Walls of Buildings and Projection of Their Heat-shielding Properties]. Tumen, 2009.
  3. Kaufman B.N. Teploprovodnost’ stroitel’nykh materialov [Heat Conductivity of Construction Materials]. Moscow, Iz-vo litera-tury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture publ., 1955, 159 p.
  4. Lykov A.V. Teoriya teploprovodnosti [Theory of Heat Conductivity]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 1967, 599 p.
  5. Rumyantsev A.V. Metod konechnykh elementov v zadachakh teploprovodnosti [Method of Finite Elements Applicable to Problems of Heat Conductivity]. Kaliningrad, 2010, 95 p.
  6. Zenkevich O., Chang I. Metod konechnykh elementov v teorii sooruzheniy i v mekhanike sploshnykh sred [Method of Finite Elements in Theory of Structures and Mechanics of Continuous Media]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1974.
  7. Belostotskiy A.M., Dubinskiy S.I., Aul A.A., Nagibovich A.I., Afanas’eva I.N., Kozyrev O.A., Pavlov A.S. Verifikatsionnyy otchet po programmnomu kompleksu ANSYS Mechanical [Verification Report on ANSYS Mechanical Software]. Ìoscow, MGSU Publ., 2009, 4 vol.
  8. Structural Analysis Guide, Documentation for ANSYS, Release 12.1, 2010.
  9. Thermal Analysis Guide, Documentation for ANSYS, Release 12.1, 2010.
  10. SNiP 23-02—2003. Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy [Construction Norms and Rules 23-02—2003. Thermal Protection of Buildings].

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Using WUFI®plus software to simulate energy arameters of buildings

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Usmonov Shukhrat Zaurovich - Khujand Politechnic Institute of Tajik Technical University by academic M. Osimi (PITTU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Khujand Politechnic Institute of Tajik Technical University by academic M. Osimi (PITTU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 226 Lenina st., Khujand, 735700, Tajikistan; applicant, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 176-180

The author explores the main principles of modeling the energy performance of residential buildings using WUFI®plus software. The author also assesses and analyzes images generated using WUFI+ software within the framework of the simulation of energy parameters of residential buildings. The article also has an experimental analysis of expensive and time-consuming factors that can be avoided thanks to the WUFI®plus software which allows for (1) easy and quick changes in the structure and its design, (2) input of different boundary conditions as well as (3) various values of parameters like material characteristics.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.176-180

References
  1. Fundamentals of WUFI®plus. Simultaneous Calculation of Transient Hygrothermal Conditions of Indoor Spaces and Building Envelopes. Holzkirchen, Fraunhofer-lnstitut f?r Bauphysik, 2008, 68 p.
  2. WUFI®plus: general information (October 10, 2010). Retrieved: February 19, 2011, from WUFI-Wiki.
  3. Building Energy Software Tools Directory. Available at: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov. Date of access: 15.06.13.

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The analysis of the existing typology of energy saving measures in the course of construction project implementation and real estate object operation

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Kiseleva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Organization and Control in Real Estate, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 781-80-07; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 187-195

Today, speaking about the efficiency of energy saving measures it is necessary to analyze the consequences of alternative options of the use of renewables at reconstruction and updating of housing stock from the point of view of secondary energy use and by doing that to avoid negative consequences of greenhouse gases emissions. Thus special attention is paid as a rule to residential buildings. In addition to the assessment of the ideas of housing stock and power sources updating, the cost of construction materials in reconstruction projects, various concepts of reconstruction and economic consequences of the repair of buildings is also important. As a rule, the life cycle of a real estate object is longer, than the life cycle of the production process of the goods or service occurring on this object. Careful planning of the operation program of a real estate object already at the stage of its design and also its timely modernization according to new requirements play an important role throughout the whole life cycle of an object and its long-term and effective operation. The decision on the expediency of a construction project is made on the basis of the analysis of expenses for it. In practice it is quite seldom possible to take into account all the expenses for a constructed facility, that is the expenses arising at construction, operation, the contents and service of a real estate object during its existence. Often realization of more expensive solutions at the level of construction designs and equipment leads to considerable decrease in operational costs of a real estate object. Thus, without creation of a program of operation for this object it is very difficult to prove the expediency of more expensive resources and methods at construction, then it is determined by the minimum requirements. Nevertheless, the object not necessarily has to correspond to its initial state. As a rule, after some time the use of newer technical solutions is appropriate, as well as and paying attention to the requirements, which at a new (initial) construction hadn’t been revealed yet.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.187-195

References
  1. Bykova S.A. Aspekty energosberezheniya i energoeffektivnost’ pri provedenii kapital’nogo remonta ob”ektov nedvizhimosti na Dal’nem Vostoke [Aspects of Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency when Conducting Capital Repair of Real Estate Objects in the Far East]. Rossiyskoe predprinimatel’stvo [Russian Enterprise]. 2011, no. 5, issue 2 (184), pp. 197—202. (In Russian)
  2. Marakushin M.V., Tomilov A.L. Informatsionnaya sistema upravleniya zhilishchnym fondom [Information System of Housing Stock Management]. Sistemy upravleniya i informatsionnye tekhnologii [Control Systems and Information Technologies]. 2007, no. 1.1 (27), pp. 176—179. (In Russian)
  3. Balyabina A.A. Regional’nye aspekty problemy energosberezheniya [Regional aspects of the problem of energy conservation]. Radioelektronika, elektrotekhnika i energetika : sbornik tezisov dokladov XV Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii studentov i aspirantov [Radio Electronics, Electrical and Power Engineering: Abstracts of the 15th International Scientific and Technical Conference of Students and Postgraduate Students]. Moscow, 2009, in 3 volumes. Moscow, MEI Publ., 2010, vol. 2, pp. 405—406. (In Russian)
  4. Fang C.-Y., Hu J.-L., Lou T.-K. Environment-Adjusted Total-Factor Energy Efficiency of Taiwan’s Service Sectors. Energy Policy. 2013, vol. 63, pp. 1160—1168. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.124.
  5. Nikolikhina Yu.A. Povyshenie effektivnosti ekspluatatsii ob”ektov zhiloy nedvizhimosti [Improving the Operation Efficiency of Residential Real Estate Objects]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 650—653. (In Russian)
  6. Ebzeev M.B. Analiz sovremennoy kontseptsii ekspluatatsii ob”ektov nedvizhimosti [Analysis of the Modern Concept of Operation of Real Estate Objects]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2011, no. 12, vol. 1, pp. 64—67. (In Russian)
  7. Gelman V. Reversible Thyristor-Controlled Rectifiers. IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine. 2009, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 82—89.
  8. Kobeleva S.A. Metodicheskie podkhody proektirovaniya resurso- i energoeffektivnykh zdaniy [Methodological approaches to the design of resource and energy efficient buildings]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Reconstruction]. 2011, no. 5 (37), pp. 18—20. (In Russian)
  9. Mikhaylov S.A., Balyabina A.A. Regional’nye aspekty problemy energosberezheniya [Regional aspects of the problem of energy saving]. Sovremennye energeticheskie sistemy i kompleksy i upravlenie imi : materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Modern Power Systems and Complexes and their Management: Materials of the 8th International Science and Practice Conference]. Novocherkassk, YuRGTU (NPI) Publ, 2010, pp. 49—52. (In Russian)
  10. Mikhaylov S.A., Balyabina A.A. Model’ regional’nogo strategicheskogo upravleniya energosberezheniem [A Model of Regional Strategic Power Management]. Tekhnologii upravleniya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskim razvitiem regiona : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Control Technologies of Social and Economic Development of the Region: Materials of the 2nd International Science and Practice Conference]. Ufa, ISEIUNTs RAN Publ., 2010, pp. 91—95. (In Russian)
  11. Jakob M. Marginal Costs and Co-benefits of Energy Efficiency Investments. The Case of the Swiss Residential Sector. Energy Policy. 2006, vol. 34 (2 Spec. Iss.), pp. 172—187. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2004.08.039.
  12. Kochetkov A.S., Kudrov Yu.V., Sirotenko Ya.A. Razrabotka organizatsionno-administrativnykh i tekhnologicheskikh meropriyatiy po povysheniyu energoeffektivnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Development of Organizational, Administrative and Technological Measures to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Buildings and Structures]. Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Service in Russia and Abroad]. 2014, vol. 8, no. 1 (48), pp. 183—192. (In Russian)
  13. Chegut A., Eichholtz P., Kok N. Supply, Demand and the Value of Green Buildings. Urban Studies 2014, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 22—43. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098013484526.
  14. Viguié V., Hallegatte S., Rozenberg J. Downscaling Long Term Socio-economic Scenarios at City Scale: A Case Study on Paris. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2014, vol. 87, pp. 305—324. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.12.028.
  15. Yao J., Zhu N. Enhanced Supervision Strategies for Effective Reduction of Building Energy Consumption — A Case Study of Ningbo. Energy and Buildings. 2011, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 2197—2202. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.04.027.
  16. Cox M., Brown M.A., Sun X. Energy Benchmarking of Commercial Buildings: a Low-Cost Pathway Toward Urban Sustainability. Environmental Research Letters. 2013, vol. 8, no. 3, 12 p. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/035018/pdf/1748-9326_8_3_035018.pdf/. Date of access: 15.01.2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035018.
  17. Amel’chenkov V.Yu., Balyabina A.A. Osnovnye printsipy obespecheniya konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiy zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo khozyaystva [Main Principles of Competitiveness of Housing and Utilities Enterprises]. Konkurentsiya i konkurentosposobnost’. Organizatsiya proizvodstva konkurentosposobnoy produktsii : materialy VII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Competition and Competitiveness. Organization of Competitive Products’ Production: Proceedings of the 7th International Science and Practice Conference]. Novocherkassk, December 15, 2012]. Novocherkassk, YuRGTU Publ., 2010, pp. 40—44. (In Russian)
  18. Qian Q.K., Chan E.H.W., Choy L.H.T. Real Estate Developers’ Concerns about Uncertainty in Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) Investment — A Transaction Costs (TCs) Perspective. Journal of Green Building. 2013, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 116—129. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3992/jgb.7.4.116.
  19. Fuerst F., McAllister P. The Impact of Energy Performance Certificates on the Rental and Capital Values of Commercial Property Assets. Energy Policy. 2011, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 6608—6614. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.08.005.
  20. Kok N., Jennen M. The Impact of Energy Labels and Accessibility on Office Rents. Energy Policy. 2012, vol. 46, pp. 489—497. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.04.015.
  21. Beuske E., Stoy C., Pollalis S.N. Estimation Model and Benchmarks for Heating Energy Consumption of Schools and Sport Facilities in Germany. Building and Environment. 2012, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 324—335. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.08.006.
  22. Assefa G., Glaumann M., Malmqvist T., Eriksson O. Quality Versus Impact: Comparing the Environmental Efficiency of Building Properties Using the EcoEffect Tool. Building and Environment. 2010, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 1095—1103. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.10.001.

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Influence of fenestration properties onto the energy consumption rate of an offi ce building in the hot summer/cold winter climatic zone in china

Vestnik MGSU 9/2012
  • Solovev Aleksey Kirillovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Architecture of Industrial and Residential Buildings 8 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sun Yifen - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Architecture of Industrial and Residential Buildings 8 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 31 - 38

The climatic zone that has hot summers and cold winters is the most populated and economically
developed area of China. Therefore, responses to the power consumption growth within the
construction industry require the assessment of the energy conservation potential and the use of
daylight for the purposes of illumination of premises of office buildings.
In the article, the authors analyze the annual energy consumption pattern based on varying office fenestration patterns in the hot summer/cold winter zone. A pilot office module was developed and
a series of building energy consumption simulation sessions were completed on the basis of varied
fenestration parameters. A substantial portion of electric lighting can be saved by switching off the
electric light in response to the available daylight. The extent to which the daylight may reduce the
energy consumption rate depends primarily on the visible transmittance and dimensions of windows.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.31 - 38

References
  1. Selkowits S. Infl uence of Windows on Building Energy Use LBL-18663, 1984.
  2. John Hogan, Robert Watson, Joe Huang, Lang Siwei, Fu Xiangzhao, Lin Haiyin. Development of China’s Energy Effi ciency Design Standard for Residential Buildings in the “Hot-summer/Cold-winter” Zone, 2001.
  3. Zhang Qingyuan, Joe Huang, Lang Siwei. Development of Chinese Weather Data for Building Energy Calculations LBNL-51435, 2001.
  4. Johnson R., Selkowitz S., Sullivan R. How Fenestration Can Signifi cantly Affect Energy Use in Commercial Buildings. LBL-17330, 1984.
  5. DOE-2.2 Building Energy Use and Cost Analysis Program. Basics. Vol. 1, October, 2004, pp. 1—5.
  6. Standard for Daylighting Design of Buildings GB/T 50033-2001.
  7. Design Standard for Energy Effi ciency of Public Buildings GB 50189-2005, pp. 28—32.
  8. DOE-2.2 Building Energy Use and Cost Analysis Program. Libraries & Reports, vol.4, March 2009, pp. 21—24.
  9. Sullivan R., Lee E.S., Selkowitz S. A Method of Optimizing Solar Control and Daylighting Performance in Commercial Offi ce Buildings. LBL-32931, September, 1992.
  10. Sullivan R., Frost K., Arasteh D., Selkowitz S. Window U-Value Effects on Residential Cooling Load. LBL-34648, September, 1993.

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