ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Development prospects of resort townsin the Republic of Armenia

Vestnik MGSU 1/2014
  • Avetisyan Narek Avetisovich - Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction (ErGUAS) postgraduate student, Depart- ment of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Reconstruction of Historical Heritage, Fine Arts and History, Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction (ErGUAS), 48 Davtashen Dzor 1, Yerevan, 0054, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-14

The current state of the resort towns and their diversification in Armenia are discussed in the context of sustainable development. Armenia doesn’t currently stand out among the tourist destinations of the world, despite its historical and cultural heritage and natural resources. In this article the town Jermuk is described, which is located in Vayots Dzor region of Armenia. Health centers and other infrastructures of Armenian re- sorts were built in the period of the Soviet Union; they were restored in recent times. The main development trends of Jermuk should follow the upgrade of already built resorts (their leading examples at the European level), at the same time creating more active environment in order to meet the requirements of local population and visitors, taking into account the surrounding natural landscape and its features. One of the important issues, which should be taken into account, is the problem of seasonality (the city has no money to give for the opportunity to diversify the tourism offer in winter), and the economy with the only activity (thermal function).Within a few years, Jermuk has rediscovered its perspectives and expresses the desire to acquire its place in the international market of spa tourism at a future date. Thus, the question of assessing the historical and cultural heritage is now one of the most pressing problems of the city, which is on the eve of important decisions on the future direction of resuming recovery services. For the revival and development of Jermuk in the medium and long term, and in order to identify urban and architectural interventions, we should note some important issues:Updating the thermal functions of the city: This area of Jermuk still attracts a large clientele in summer, mainly from Yerevan, the Armenian diaspora and from the former Soviet republics (mainly from Russia). At the same time, the increase in the tourist attraction level requires upgrading public-safety and recreational facilities in order to meet the current needs of national and international clients.Diversification of tourism offer: In order to cope with international competition, Jer- muk should diversify its summer travel offers for increasing tourist flows even during the winter season. In this context, it should also be noted that Jermuk has all the necessary conditions (mountain ranges and favorable climate of the region of Vayots Dzor, quantity and quality of snow in the winter) for the development of winter sports (downhill and cross-country skiing, etc.).Integration of the local population in the process of urban and economic development of the city is also important. Evaluation of Armenian culture in the context of economic development can only be achieved by relying on the skills of people.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.1.7-14

References
  1. Agadzhanyan G.I., Topchyan Zh.S. Kurorty i kurortnye mestnosti Armenii [Resorts and Resort Areas of Armenia]. Erevan, Ayastan Publ., 1968, 278 p.
  2. Voskresenskiy V.Yu. Mezhdunarodnyy turizm [International Tourism]. Moscow, Yuniti Publ., 2006, 253 p.
  3. Christian Jamot. Thermalisme et villes thermales en France. Universit? de Clermont-Ferrand II, 1988, 540 p.
  4. Grenier L. Villes d’eaux en France. Institut Francaises d’Architecture Paris, 1985, Editions Fernand Hazan, 397 p.
  5. Dominique Jarrasse. 2000 ans de thermalisme, Economie, patrimoine, rites et pratiques. Publication de l’institut d’?tudes du massif central, collection «Thermalisme et Civilisation». Presse Univ. Blaise Pascal, 1996, 236 p.
  6. Marc Boyer Le thermalisme dans le grand sud-est de la France. Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, 2005, 420 p.
  7. Ecole nationale sup?rieure des beaux-arts (France). Villes d’eaux en France, 1985, 397 p.
  8. Melik-Adamyan A.A. Dzhermuk-Bal'neo-klimaticheskiy kurort [Jermuk-Balneo-climatic Resort]. Erevan, Ministerstvo Zdravookhraneniya Arm. SSR Publ., 1948, 270 p.
  9. Reshenie pravitel'stva RA (2008) ¹ 1064. Priznat' g. Dzhermuk kak turisticheskiy tsentr [Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Armenia (2008) # 1064. To Declare Jermuk City a Touristic Center].
  10. Etude effectu?e par agence suisse Tigerdev pour le Minist?re de l`Economie de la R?publique d`Arm?nie et pour la municipalit? de Djermouk. Erevan, 2006, 66 p.
  11. Birzhakova M.B., Nikiforova V.I., editors. Chast' XX. Ekologicheskiy turizm [Part 20. Ecological Tourism]. Turistskie firmy [Touristic Companies]. 2005, no. 35(3), pp. 309—342.
  12. Znamenskaya E., Oppengeym D. Rekomendatsii po planirovke, zastroyke i blagoustroystvu kurortov [Recommendations on Planning, Building and Development of Resorts]. Moscow, Tsentr nauchno-tekhnicheskoy informatsii po grazhdanskomu stroitel'stvu i arkhitekture Publ., 1967, 120 p.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNDERGROUND SPACE OF CITIES IN TERMS OF THEIR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Belyaev Valeriy L’vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, doctorate student, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Belyaev Vladimir Borisovich - Central Scientific, Research and Project Institute of Urban Planning (TsNIIP Gradostroitel'stva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Central Scientific, Research and Project Institute of Urban Planning (TsNIIP Gradostroitel'stva), 29 Prosoekt Vernadskogo, 119331, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Pages 7-12

The article shows that the negative trends in the cities development, especially their territorial "sprawling" contributes to the onset of the global environmental crisis. This call requires setting the city planners mind on noosphere thinking and establishing an adequate system of spatial development of the cities. The formation of compact city models "new urbanism", "smart development" can be considered a progressive response and a world trend. It fully meets the course of integrated urban development of the underground space.In order to overcome the significant gap on this issue between Russia and many foreign countries the urban policy needs to be updated (disclosure of the fundamental principle of sustainable development), methodologies and tools of developing underground urbanity should be developed. The authors propose such a change of the underground space as an integrated spatial and geoenergy resource with the commitment to the strategic evaluation of its development during the entire life cycle of underground construction projects.The co-authors take into account the environmental effects of the proposed development under the direction of modern paradigms of the biosphere compatible, viable and growing cities, as well as the capacity to organize their own groups. As a base model, we take a city as a complex system of natural and man-caused, containing a fiber space where underground space and underground structures is one of the layers. The instrument for this approach implementation may be a biotechnospherical humanitarian balance of the city, including the parameters of underground layers. In addition, the calculations of the information flow (Entropy) between the layers is of great importance. The sustainable development of the city is dominated by a stream of negative entropy.On this basis, for the conditions of Moscow the device tools "physical planning" should be used in respect of the characteristics of underground space development (strategic and territorial planning, urban design, etc.). This takes into account the specificity of the territories of the historical city centre and the periphery, suggesting different approaches.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.7-12

References
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  3. European Parliament Resolution from 9 July 2008 on «Towards a New Culture of Urban Mobility». Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&reference=P6-TA-2008-0356&language=EN&ring=A6-2008-0252. Data obrashcheniya: 05.12.2013.
  4. Belyaev V.L. Osnovy podzemnogo gradoustroystva [Fundamentals of the Underground Urban Development]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 198 ð.
  5. Parriaux A., Blunier P., Maire P., Tacher L. The DEEP CITY Project: A Global Concept for a Sustainable Urban Underground Management. 11th ACUUS International Conference, Underground Space: Expanding the Frontiers. 10-13 September 2007, Athens, Greece, pp. 255—260.
  6. Segedinov A.A. Problemy ekonomiki razvitiya infrastruktury gorodov [The Economic Problems of City Infrastructure Development]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987, 216 p.
  7. ll'ichev V.A. Biosfernaya sovmestimost'. Tekhnologii vnedreniya innovaciy. Goroda, razvivayushchie cheloveka [Biosphere Compatibility. Innovation Implementation Technologies. Developing Human Cities]. Moscow, LIBROKOM Publ., 2011, 240 p.
  8. Belyaev V.B. Osnovy paradigmy dlya zhiznesposobnykh i razvivayushchikhsya naselennykh punktov [Paradigm Fundamentals for Sustainable and Developing Settlements]. Gradostroitel'stvo [Urban Development]. Moscow, 2012, no. 1, pp. 69—78.
  9. Husemoller D. Rassloennye prostranstva [Fibre Bundles]. Novokuznetsk, NFMI Publ., 2000, 440 p.
  10. Gerlovin I.L. Osnovy edinoy teorii vsekh vzaimodeystviy v veshchestve [Fundamentals of the Unified Theory of all the Interactions in a Substance]. Leningrad, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1990, 432 p.

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NOISE EVALUATION METHOD IN A FLAT ROOM WITH EVENLY DISTRIBUTED LENSES

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Matveeva Irina Vladimirovna - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) , Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), 112E Michurinskaya str., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392032.
  • Makarov Aleksandr Mikhaylovich - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban and Road Construction, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation.

Pages 13-21

In civil and industrial buildings there are rooms, the height of which is significantly smaller than in the plan. Such spaces are flat. Distribution of the reflected sound energy depends substantially on the ratio of length to width and to height. These relations have a significant value to downturns. In flat space the reflected sound energy remains constant height along and varies only in terms of the distance from the sound source. This feature can substantially simplify the formulas for determining the density of the reflected energy. In such areas (rooms of various offices, manufacturing plants, etc.), a large number of equipment and work sources uniformly distributed in the area with approximately equal acoustic power are usually located. The equipment leads to further redistribution of the reflected energy. The technological equipment effect on the energy distribution depends on its sound absorption and sound absorption characteristics of the room. In order to assess the effectiveness of acoustic absorption it is necessary to find a method of calculating noise regime in flat areas, which will take into account the features of noise propagation there. The article presents a method for calculating noise for civil and industrial buildings, taking into account the peculiarities of noise fields in these areas and the presence of the scattering and absorbing sound equipment. The method is based on a statistical approach to the calculation of the reflected sound energy. The proposed calculation method and the computer program can solve the problem by evaluating the noise regime at all the design stages of noise control.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.13-21

References
  1. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O., Gusev V.P. Metody rascheta urovney pryamogo zvuka, izluchaemogo ploskimi istochnikami shuma v gorodskoy zastroyke [Calculating Methods of Direct Sound Level Pinged by Flat Noise Sources in Urban Area]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo [House Construction]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 13—15.
  2. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O. Raschety urovney pryamogo zvuka ot lineynykh istochnikov shuma, raspolagayushchikhsya na promyshlennykh predpriyatiyakh i v gorodskoy zastroyke [Direct Sound Level Calculation from Line Noise Sources Situated in Industrial Buildings and in Urban Areas]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction Series]. 2013, no. 31 (50), ch. 1, pp. 329—335.
  3. Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V., Makarov A.M. Metodika otsenki zvukopogloshchayushchikh kharakteristik tekhnologicheskogo oborudovaniya, razmeshchaemogo v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh [Evaluation Method of Sound Absorbing Properties of Manufacturing Equipment Situated in Industrial Premises]. Vestnik Tambovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tambov State Technical University]. 2004, vol. 10, no. 4—2, pp. 1103—1108.
  4. Ledenev V.I., Makarov A.M. Raschet energeticheskikh parametrov shumovykh poley v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh slozhnoy formy s tekhnologicheskim oborudovaniem [Calculation of Noise Fields Energy Parameters in Industrial Premises of a Complicated Form with Manufacturing Equipment]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Proceedings of Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction and Architecture]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 94—101.
  5. Ledenev V.I., Antonov A.I., Zhdanov A.E. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta otrazhennykh shumovykh poley pomeshcheniy [Statistical Energy Calculation Methods of the Reflected Noise Fields in Premises]. Vestnik Tambovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tambov State Technical University]. 2003, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 713—717.
  6. Ledenev V.I. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta shumovykh poley pri proektirovanii proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Statistical Energy Calculation Methods of Noise Fields in the Process of Industrial Buildings Design]. Tambov, 2000, 156 p.
  7. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O. Kombinirovannyy metod rascheta shumovogo rezhima v proizvodstvennykh zdaniyakh teploelektrotsentraley [Combined Calculation Method of Noise Mode in Industrial Buildings of Thermal Stations]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Proceedings of Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction and Architecture]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 16—24.
  8. Gusev V.P., Zhogoleva O.A., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O. Metod otsenki rasprostraneniya shuma po vozdushnym kanalam sistem otopleniya, ventilyatsii i konditsionirovaniya [Noise Distribution Evaluation Method in Air Vents of Heating, Ventilation and Conditioning Systems]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo [House Construction]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 52—54.
  9. Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V., Kryshov S.I. Inzhenernaya otsenka rasprostraneniya shuma v tonnelyakh i koridorakh [Engineering Evaluation of Noise Distribution in Tunnels and Passages]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [News of Southwest State University]. 2011, no. 5 (38), ch. 2, pp. 393—396.
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The problems of design and construction of health facilities in Angola

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Bindanda Antonio Afonso - Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN) Master of Architecture, postgraduate student, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 15-26

Angola is a country with great economic potential, which can contribute to the solution of construction, architecture and social problems of the country in case of rational use of financial resources. The author focuses on the negative factors that prevent the health authorities from the efficient construction of large hospitals and clinical facilities in Angola. Brief description of the Angolan population is given. The article provides a brief overview of the climate and overall social health problems. Basing on the stated goals, the following problems are considered: Features of architectural and planning decisions of clinical facilities and a brief description of the existing hospitals. The article deals with those minor progressive changes in planning decisions and in the siting of health facilities. Space-planning decisions, the most rational options and requirements for building new hospitals in Angola. The author indentified the main factors that influence architectural solutions for the design and construction of medical facilities. The most rational design options for clinic hospitals were determined. The objectives of the study were formulated with a view to identifying architectural solutions in the construction of new clinical hospitals. The main objective of the study is to improve health care in Angola. The problems are considered in order to identify rational architectural design of new clinical hospitals.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.15-26

References
  1. Posobie po proektirovaniyu uchrezhdeniy zdravookhraneniya (k SNiP 35-110—2004) [Textbook on Healthcare Facilities Design (to Construction Requirements 35-110—2004]. Moscow, 1990.
  2. Shevchenko Yu. Zdravookhranenie Rossii na poroge tret'ego tysyacheletiya [Healthcare of Russia on the Eve of 3rd Millennium]. Rossiyskiy meditsinskiy katalog [Russian Medical Catalogue]. 2001, no. 1, pp. 1—9.
  3. Kitsul I.S. Sovremennoe sostoyanie zdravookhraneniya SShA: vzglyad amerikanskikh uchenykh (nauchnyy obzor) [Modern State of the USA Healthcare: View of American Scientists]. Problemy sotsial'noy gigieny, zdravookhraneniya i istorii meditsiny [Problems of Social Sanitation, Healthcare and History of Medicine]. 1997, no. 6, pp. 31—33.
  4. Golikov A.P., Galkin V.A., El'kis I.S. Aktual'nye voprosy neotlozhnoy kardiologicheskoy pomoshchi na dogospital'nom etape [Current Problems of Emergency Cardiological Aid]. Terapevticheskiy arkhiv [Therapeutic Archive]. 2001, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 6—7.
  5. Fursov V., Lenok V. Novaya zhizn' klinicheskoy bol'nitsy: proekt rekonstruktsii i novogo stroitel'stva lechebnykh korpusov ¹ 1, 2, 5 na territorii 1 GKB im. N.I. Pirogova [New Life of Clinic Hospital: the Project of Reconstruction and New Construction of Medical Pavilions no. 1, 2, 5 on the Territory of the 1st City Clinic Hospital Named after N.I. Pirogov]. Arkhitektura. Stroitel'stvo. Dizayn [Architecture. Construction. Design]. 2004, no. 6 (46), pp. 12.
  6. Razin A.D. Arkhitekturno-planirovochnye osobennosti sovremennykh diplomaticheskikh kompleksov [Architectural and Planning Features of Modern Diplomatic Complexes]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 5, pp. 47—50.
  7. Yakimenko V.B. Metody obrabotki meditsinskikh otkhodov [Methods of Medical Waste Processing]. TBO [Municipal Solid Waste]. 2006, no. 12, pp. 8—16. Available at: http://steriflash.narod.ru/magazine.pdf. Date of access: 02.11.2013.
  8. Barker J., Huber C. The Future of Ambulatory Care. American Institute of Architects; Academy of Architecture for Health. November 10, 2010, pp. 1—8. Available at: http://www.aia.org/practicing/groups/kc/AIAB086508.
  9. Glasser V.L. Emergency Departments: The New Front Door. American Institute of Architects; Academy of Architecture for Health. Academy journal. Journal Archives: November, 2000. Available at: http://aia.org. Date of access: 21.11.2013.
  10. Naresh S.M. Designing a Health Center. American Institute of Architects; Academy of Architecture for Health. Academy journal. Journal Archives: November, 2008. pp. 1—9. Available at: http://www.aia.org/groups/aia/documents/pdf/aiab090823.pdf. Date of access: 20.11.2013.
  11. Skuratov S., Kiselev S., architects. Mnogofunktsional'nyy kompleks s detskoy stomatologicheskoy poliklinikoy [Multifunctional Complex with Child Dentist Center]. Proekt Rossiya [Project Russia]. 2001, no. 20 (2), no. 62—63.
  12. Boykov A.A., Khanin A.Z. Osnovnye napravleniya organizatsionno-metodicheskoy raboty [Main Directions of Organizational and Methodological Work]. Skoraya meditsinskaya pomoshch' [Emergency Medical Services]. 2003, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 35—36.
  13. Babanov A. Puti optimizatsii meditsinskoy pomoshchi naseleniyu [Ways to Optimize Medical Aid to Population]. Problemy sotsial'noy gigieny, zdravookhraneniya i istorii meditsiny [Problems of Social Sanitation, Healthcare and History of Medicine]. 2001, no. 3, pp. 30—32.
  14. Lawson R. How Patient Treatment and Behavior Can be Improved with New Architecture. The Architectural Review. 2002, no. 3, pp. 72—76.

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Architectural, spatial and composite features of the temples location in Saint-Petersburg and the surrounding counties in the 18th - 1st half of 19th centuries

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Krylova Severina Vyacheslavovna - Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPbGASU) graduate student, assistant, Department of Architectural and Town-planning Heritage, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPbGASU), 4, 2 Krasnoarmeiskaya Str., St. Petersburg, 190005; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 27-35

This article shows the interdependences of territorial distribution of temples and their architectural-spatial and compositional features in St. Petersburg and the counties. The author revealed two different approaches to temple arrangement depending on the type of environment - in urban areas and rural areas. The construction of a temple in St. Petersburg was strictly regulated: its space-planning solution, accommodation, the place assigned for parish church, etc. The article draws attention to the particular choice of solutions, removal of land for construction, and certain architectural features of the temples. The author generally distinguishes four types of space-planning decisions of religious buildings: hall multiplex (The Basilica) in the form of a Latin cross, centric (cross dome as the most common types of churches), combined. In turn, these types of temples were correlated with various types of accommodation identified by the author. Spatial distribution of temples include: a) the location of temples in the natural landscape system and b) with respect to the location of the man-made temples' environment (historical and cultural), in correlation with the buildings and / or communications (land and water communications), c) the formation of a spatially-visual network (system) of the city and surrounding area. For a better understanding of the revealed dependences chronological phase analysis was used, since the time prior to Saint Petersburg construction and till 1850. The periodization of temple architecture development during 1703-1850 was identified. The period before Saint Petersburg was also considered, though less detailed. The stages are minimal chronological segments, within which settlement system was unified by spatial and social characteristics, as well as uniform rules of specific territorial, economic and social development. As chronological boundaries, specific dates of the events were identified, which determined the transition to new stages. This approach allowed to gradually track changes in the methods of selecting and placing three-dimensional solution of various temples. The studies revealed that the temple was a member of the system, which includes urban development, individual settlements and their groups, the natural landscape. They were all interrelated, representing the idea of continuity, harmony with each other and the environment (natural and manmade). Such an organic fusion of church and surroundings have a mutual influence: the temple on the environment and the environment on the object.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.27-35

References
  1. Speranskiy M.M., editor. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. Sobranie pervoe. 1649—1825 gg.: v 50 tomakh [Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Collection One. 1649—1825. In 50 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tip II Otdeleniya Sobstvennoy Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kantselyarii Publ., 1830, vol, VI., years 1720—1722, no. 4122, p. 791.
  2. Speranskiy M.M., editor. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. Sobranie pervoe. 1649—1825 gg.: v 50 tomakh [Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Collection One. 1649—1825. In 50 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tip II Otdeleniya Sobstvennoy Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kantselyarii Publ., 1830, vol. VII, no. 4988, 1723—1727, 925 p.
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  4. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. Sobranie vtoroe. 1825—1881 gg.: v 55 t. [Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Collection Two. 1649—1825. In 55 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tip II Otdeleniya Sobstvennoy Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kantselyarii Publ., 1830, vol. I, 1825—1827, no. 186, pp. 278—284.
  5. Voznyak E.R. Ob"emno-planirovochnoe reshenie sobornykh khramov [Space Planning Decision of Cathedral Churches]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 6, pp. 15—16.
  6. Kuznetsov A.V. Tektonika i konstruktsiya tsentricheskikh zdaniy [Tectonics and Construction of Centric Buildings]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoye izdatel’stvo arkhitektury i gradostroitel'stva Publ., 1951, vol. 1.
  7. Voznyak E.R. Ob"emno-planirovochnoe reshenie pravoslavnykh khramov Sankt-Peterburga [Space Planning Decision of Orthodox Churches of Saint Petersburg]. Arkhitektura i vremya [Architecture and Time]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 23—28.
  8. Sementsov S.V. Sistema poseleniy shvedskogo vremeni v planirovke Sankt-Peterburga pri Petre 1 [The System of Settlements of the Sweden Time in Saint Petersburg Townplanning during Peter the Great]. Shvetsiya i Sankt-Peterburg: Tretiy nauchnyy seminar 10-11 oktyabrya 1996 goda. Teksty dokladov [Sweden and Saint Petersburg: the 3rd Scientific Seminar, October 10-11, 1996. Abstracts]. Saint Petersburg, 1996, pp. 19—26.
  9. Speranskiy M.M., editor. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. Sobranie pervoe. 1649—1825 gg.: v 50 tomakh [Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Collection One. 1649—1825. In 50 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tip II Otdeleniya Sobstvennoy Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kantselyarii Publ., 1830, no. 27180, vol. XXXIV, 35, 1817, p. 911.
  10. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. Sobranie vtoroe. 1825—1881 gg.: v 55 tomakh [Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Collection Two. 1649—1825. In 55 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tip II Otdeleniya Sobstvennoy Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kantselyarii Publ., 1831, no. 4037, vol. V, II, § 16, 1830, p. 22.

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Reconstruction of the building history of the Demidovs’ estate “Almazovo” situated near Moscow

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Aksenova Irina Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 36-49

The currency of the topic covered in the article is not only the necessity of national cultural traditions revival, but also the possibility of applying the restored historical objects in modern life as multifunctional cultural and touristic complexes. At present, this is one of the most prospective tendencies in tourism, entertainment industry and educational programmes. The revival of historical estates and cultural traditions is nowadays insufficiently used but inexhaustible source for economical and cultural development of Russian regions. Attracting investments allow preserving ancient buildings in future. The Demidovs’ estate “Sergievskaya dacha” in Almazovo (belonged to the Demidovs, the Ural owners of mines and metallurgical works) is an object of historic and cultural interest of Federal significance and it is of great scientific, educational and architectural value. To date the published information about the estate is laconic and sometimes contradictive. The results of historic and architectural researches based upon detailed study of literary materials and especially archives are offered in the article. All building stages of the estate are considered. Unique unpublished drafts of demolished and not erected (because of a disease of the owner) buildings and elements of landscape architecture, which form an entity of the whole complex, have been discovered by the author. The scientific importance of researches carried out by the author consists of the possibility (to the great degree of trustworthiness) to reconstruct the building history of the whole estate complex. The volume of the obtained information allows to speak of the possibility of the estate restoration and to work out the project for its new contemporary usage as a museum of the noble family way of life. This will encourage the development of tourism in the region and draw the attraction of investments in order to preserve the estate.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.36-49

References
  1. Official website of the Society of Russian Estate Investigation (OIRU). Available at: http://www.oiru.org/members.html. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  2. Oynas D. Usad’ba — proshloe v nastoyashchem [Estate — the Past in the Present]. Natsional’nyy fond «Vozrozhdeniya russkoy usad’by» [National Fond of “Revival of Russian Estate”]. Available at: http://www.fondus.ru/. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  3. Muzey russkoy usadebnoy kul’tury «Usad’ba knyazey Golitsynykh «Vlakhernskoe-Kuz’minki» [Museum of Russian Estate Culture — the Estate of the Knyazhs Galitsins “Vlahernskoe-Kuzminki”]. Available at: «http://mosmuseum.ru/museum-menu-mansionmuseum.html. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  4. Tsalobanova V.A., Stepanova G.G. Usad’ba Mar’ino. Dva nachala [Estate“Mar’ino”. Two Origins]. Saint Petersburg, Oliver Publ., 2011.
  5. Pasport na pamyatnik istorii i kul’tury federal’nogo znacheniya «Usad’ba Almazovo. XIX v.» [Passport of the object of historic and cultural interest of Federal significance the estate “Almazovo”. 19th century]. Ministerstvo kul’tury Moskovskoy oblasti. Glavnoe upravlenie po okhrane pamyatnikov istorii i kul’tury [Ministry of Culture of the Moscow Region. Central Administrative Board for the Preservation of the Objects of Historic and Cultural Significance].
  6. Shchukina E.P. Podmoskovnye usadebnye sady i parki kontsa XVIII veka [Estate Gardens and Parks of the Moscow Region in the End of the 19th Century]. Moscow, Institut naslediya Publ., 2007, pp. 53—57, 245—258.
  7. Mezhdunarodnyy Demidovskiy fond [International Demidovs’ Fond]. Available at: http://www.indf.ru/demidoff.asp?m=4&sm=47&t=171. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  8. Kusov V.S. Zemli Moskovskoy gubernii v XVIII veke: Karty uezdov: Opisanie zemlevladeniy [Lands of Moscow Province in the 17th Century. Maps of Districts. Descriptions of Land Assets]. Moscow, 2004, vol. 1, p. 62.
  9. Shchukina E.P. «Natural’nyy sad» russkoy usad’by v kontse XVIII veka [“Natural garden” of Russian Estate in the End of 18th Century]. Russkoe iskusstvo XVIII veka : Materialy i issledovaniya [Russian Art of the 18th Century. Materials and Researches]. Moscow, 1973, pp. 109—117.
  10. MArkhI. Otchet NIR «Restavratsiya i rekonstruktsiya parkovogo kompleksa Almazovo» (promezh.) [Moscow Architectural Institute. Scientific and research work: Restoration and Reconstruction of the “Almazovo” Park Complex]. Research advisor Ozhegov S.S. State Registration 01.83.0030100. Moscow, All Russian Scientific and Technical Research Center (VNTIT), 1984.
  11. Kosterina-Azaryan A.B. Teatr v zhizni N.N. Demidova [Theatre in the Life of N.N. Demidovs]. Demidovskiy vremennik: Istoricheskiy al’manakh [Demidovs’ Annals. Historic Miscellany]. Ekaterinburg, 1994, vol. 1, pp. 147—162.
  12. Otchet NIR «Razrabotka predlozheniy po organizatsii bazy truda i otdykha Minvuza RSFSR v Almazovo» (promezh.) [Moscow Architectural Institute. Scientific and research work: Working Out the Proposals for the Organization of the Work-rest Resourt “Almazovo” of the Ministry of University Education]. Research advisor Ozhegov S.S. State Registration 01.86.0034289. Moscow, All Russian Scientific and Technical Research Center (VNTIT), 1987.
  13. Yarovoy I.Yu. Novaya zhizn’ podmoskovnogo Almazova [New Life of Almazovo Estate of the Moscow Region]. Arkhitektura SSSR [The Architecture of USSR]. 1987, no. 6, pp. 106—109.
  14. Aksenova I.V. Podmoskovnaya usad’ba Demidovykh Almazovo-Sergievskoe. Istoriya «sela Sergievskogo, Almazovo tozh» [The Demidovs’ Estate Almazovo-Sergievskoe in Moscow Region. The History of “Sergievskoe Village or Almazovo”]. Russkaya usad’ba: sbornik obshchestva izucheniya russkoy usad’by [Russian Estate: the Collection of the Society of Russian Estates Investigation]. Saint Petersburg, Kolo Publ., 2013, no. 18(34), pp. 397—436.

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Transformation of artistic ideas of visual art into architectural space

Vestnik MGSU 4/2014
  • Enyutina Ekaterina Dmitrievna - Samara State University of Architecture and Construction (SGASU) postgraduate student, Department of Urban Planning, Samara State University of Architecture and Construction (SGASU), 194 Molodogvardeyskaya street, Samara, 443001, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-13

Transformation of a two-dimensional composition into a volumetric and spatial solution is based on the abstract art painting. Theoretical part of the style of the twenties laid the basic groundwork for this solution. The group "Unovis" under the supervision of Malevich aimed to create the "Suprematic Utilitarian World": the development of a new architecture, a new ornament and new forms of furniture, as well as a new type of a modern book. The theory of P. Mondrian and the group "Style" had a tremendous effect on the architecture of the twentieth century, and first of all due to the “Bauhaus” school of design, that clearly represented the rationalistic principles of architecture. Originated in art a new understanding of the material world was reflected in architecture in the most striking and decisive manner. It can be illustrated by the example of modern prominent architects who also use the methods created by artists of the early twentieth century. For example, a designer and architect Zaha Hadid uses this method in many of her projects. When modeling her future projects she designs a volumetric and spatial conceptual model - composition of desired architectural space, using suprematic composition as a basis. Modeling method makes it possible to solve a range of problems competently and methodically interesting. Their solution is necessary for the architectural practice, conceptual design and training. Among the tasks lying "on the surface" of architectural creativity we can emphasize the following: 1. Abstracting. The aim is to design a volumetric and spatial conceptual model - a composition of desired architectural space, which will reflect reality from a new angle. 2. Conceptualization allows to reveal the main idea, the basic concept, the design principle in artistic activity, to investigate the conditions of functioning and aesthetic perception of architectural work in general. 3. Defining the structure and variability in the modular design of architectural objects. In the work, the author has investigated the process of environment volumetric and spatial solution based on planar images. Study of certain laws, clearly seen in the practice of many contemporary architects and designers, has been oriented on identifying the main principles for the development of graphical models of composite grid to create a new space.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.7-13

References
  1. Malakhov S.A. Kompozitsionnyy metod kak prichina ischeznoveniya traditsionnogo yazyka i traditsionnoy funktsii. Etapy genezisa metoda [The Composition Method as the Reason for the Disappearance of the Traditional Language and Traditional Features. Stages of Genesis Method]. Vestnik SGASU [Proceedings of Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, ðp. 19—22.
  2. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Arkhitektura sovetskogo avangarda. Sotsial'nye problemy [Architecture of the Soviet Avant-garde. Social Problems]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 2001, 712 p.
  3. Azizyan I.A. Teoreticheskoe osoznanie rozhdeniya avangarda i modernizma [Theoretical Awareness of the Birth of the Avant-garde and Modernism]. Ocherki istorii i teorii arkhitektury Novogo i Noveyshego vremeni [Essays on the History and Theory of Architecture of New and Newest Time]. Saint-Petersburg, Kolo Publ., 2009, 656 p.
  4. Deicher S. Piet Mondrian, 1872—1944: Structures in Space. Cologne, Benedikt Taschen, 1995.
  5. Gropius W. Granitsy arkhitektury [The Boundaries of Architecture]. Seriya: Problemy material'nokhudozhestvennoy kul'tury [Series: Problems of Material and Artistic Culture]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1971, 286 p.
  6. Zaha Hadid Architects. Official website. Available at: http://www.zaha-hadid.com/home. Date of access: March 2014.
  7. Bernard Tschumi Architects. Official website. Available at: http://www.tschumi.com/ Date of access: March 2014.
  8. Predeina A.M. Futuristicheskie kontseptsii proshlogo v arkhitekture nastoyashchego [Futuristic Concepts of the Past in the Architecture of the Present] Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: News of the Universities]. 2012, no. 38. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2012_22/65.
  9. Dutsev M.V. Sovremennye avtorskie kontseptsii arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennogo sinteza [Contemporery Author's Concepts of the Architectural Synthesis]. Izvestiya KGASU [News of Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering]. 2012, no. 1(19), pð. 7—16.
  10. Gel'fol'd A.L., Dutsev M.V. Arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennyy sintez kak sredstvo dialoga [Architectural and Artistic Synthesis as Means of Dialogue]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Scientific Journal of the Volga Region]. 2010, no. 4, ðp. 147—152.
  11. Lekareva N.A. Kreativnye zadachi v obuchenie landshaftnomu proektirovaniyu [Creative Tasks in the Studying Landscape Modeling]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: News of the Universities]. 2010, no. 29. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2010_1/13.
  12. Bystrova T.Yu. 10 tezisov o proektnom myshlenii arkhitektorov: kriticheskiy analiz stat'i Charl'za Dzhenksa [10 Theses on Design Thinking of Architects: a Critical Analysis of the Article by Charles Jencks]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of UralNIIproekt RAACS]. 2010, no. 2. Available at: http://uniip.ru/juornal/arhiv/soderghanie/59-av-2-2010/97-2-2010-bystrova.

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Urban planning of a global city space: hi-hume technologies

Vestnik MGSU 4/2014
  • Krivykh Elena Georgievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, head, Department of Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 14-20

The article deals with the problem of urban planning of new social space of metropolises in order to involve Hi-hume technologies in this process, which are formed under the decisive influence of information technologies. Centrifugal tendencies are strengthened in the process of urbanization. The metropolis reflecting the diversity of its functions is turning into a "space of stream" with a polycentric structure, imbued with functional links. The need for reverse social bonds makes it necessary to create an effective communication interaction by means of modern architecture and urban planning decisions. Hi-hume technologies are presented as ones that provide a certain human behavior to create a harmonic friendly and self-sufficient environment. The space activity of people (in a professional sense - the activity of an architect) in the intention boiled down to design and distribution of meanings within a universal theoretical and methodological system or to formation of the "urban artifact" in a unique historical and cultural context. There are specific examples of formation of the 21st century metropolis: the projects of complex development of the Big Paris and in Russia - the project of the Big Moscow. The increased sociability (of a human being) is the subject of philosophical reflection over the interpretation of the new form of sociality as essentially communicative. Le Corbusier gives an idea of the primacy of the internal space over the external in the world-view of a person and suggests the necessity of sustaining spatial immune systems to protect a person against the absorption in social superstructures. Architects defend the idea of the "emotional experience of emptiness" necessity by the residents of cities. Hi-Tech has outpaced the development of the social sphere. And significance of Hi-hume technologies is that they contribute to social selection of individuals, who are the conductors of their impact.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.14-20

References
  1. Lukov Val.A. Tezaurusnaya kontseptsiya sotsial'nogo proektirovaniya [Thesaurus Concept of Social Design]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge, Understanding. Skill]. Available at: http://www.zpu-journal.ru/gumtech/projection/articles/2007/Lukov/3/. Date of access: 8.12.2013.
  2. Zhukova E.A. Hi-Tech i Hi-Hume: novye trebovaniya k podgotovke professionala [Hi-Tech and Hi-Hume: New Requirements to Professional Training]. Vestnik TGPU. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki (Ekonomika) [Proceedings of Tomsk State Pedagogical University. Series: Humanitarian Sciences (Economy)]. 2005, no.5 (49), pp. 7—72.
  3. Tul'chinskiy G.L. Gumanitarnaya ekspertiza kak sotsial'naya tekhnologiya [Humanitarian Expertise as a Social Technology]. Available at: http://hpsy.ru/public/x2871.htm. Date of access: 8.12.2013.
  4. Vysokovskiy A. Samoe interesnoe eshche vperedi! [The Most Interesting is Ahead!]. Proekt Rossiya. Bol'shaya Moskva [Project Russia. Big Moscow]. 2012, no. 66. (4), pp. 224.
  5. Mitchell W.J. Ya++. Chelovek, gorod, seti [Me++. The Cyborg Self and the Networked City]. Available at: http://bookmate.com/books/rGpaEmVB. Date of access: 8.12.2013.
  6. Nouvel Agence Jean, AREP, Cantal-Dupart Michel. Parizh-Metropoliya: Rozhdenie i vozrozhdenie 1001 parizhskogo schast'ya [Paris- Metropole: Birth and Rebirth of the 1001st Paris Happiness]. Proekt International. Zhurnal po mirovoy arkhitekture [Project International. Journal on the World Architecture]. 2011, no. 29, pp. 108—135.
  7. Glazychev V.L. Ot traditsionnoy formy goroda — k megapolisu [From the Traditional City Form to Metropolis]. Goroda mira — mir goroda [Cities of the World – World of a City]. Moscow, Severnyy Palomnik Publ., 2009, 303 p.
  8. Sloterdijk P. Sfery. Makrosferologiya: v 3 tomakh [Spheres. Macrosphere Science]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2010, vol. 1, Puzyri [Bubbles], 652 p.
  9. Auzan V. Gorod doveriya [City of Trust]. Proekt Rossiya. Bol'shaya Moskva [Project Russia. Big Moscow]. 2012, no. 66 (4), pp. 227—229.

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Architecture of absurd (forms, positions, apposition)

Vestnik MGSU 4/2014
  • Fedorov Viktor Vladimirovich - Tver Technical University (TSTU) Doctor of Culturology, Professor, chair, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tver Technical University (TSTU), 22 Naberezhnaya Af. Nikitins, Tver, 170026, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Levikov Aleksandr Vasil'evich - Tver Technical University (TSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Philosophy and Psychology, Tver Technical University (TSTU), 22 Naberezhnaya Af. Nikitins, Tver, 170026, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 21-28

In everyday life we constantly face absurd things, which seem to lack common sense. The notion of the absurd acts as: a) an aesthetic category; b) an element of logic; c) a metaphysical phenomenon. The opportunity of its overcoming is achieved through the understanding of the situation, the faith in the existence of sense and hope for his understanding. The architecture of absurd should be considered as a loss of sense of a part of architectural landscape (urban) environment. The ways of organization of the architecture of absurd: the exaggerated forms and proportions, the unnatural position and apposition of various objects. These are usually small-scale facilities that have local spatial and temporary value. There are no large absurd architectural spaces, as the natural architectural environment dampens the perturbation of sense-sphere. The architecture of absurd is considered «pathology» of the environment. «Nonsense» objects and hope (or even faith) to detect sense generate a fruitful paradox of architecture of absurd presence in the world.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.21-28

References
  1. Moskvina R.R. Absurd [Absurd]. Sovremennyy filosofskiy slovar' [Modern Philosophical Dictionary]. Moscow, 1998, pp. 13—14.
  2. Revzin G. Prostramstvo polnogo absurda [Space of Absolute Absurd]. Gazeta “Kommersant” [Kommersant Newspaper]. 08.06.2009. Available at: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc. Date of access: 04.07.2013.
  3. Nevozmozhnyy mir. Iskusstvo. Kopii M.K. Eshera [Impossible World. Art. Copies of M.K. Escher]. Available at: http://im-possible.info/russian/art/escher/index.html. Date of access: 20.03.14.
  4. Kunert F. Arkhitekturnyy absurd [ Architectural Absurd]. Available at: http://www.outshoot.ru. Date of access: 04.07.2013.
  5. Keil R. Suburban Constellations: Governance, Land and Infrastructure in the 21st Century. Available at: http://urbantick.blogspot.ru. Date of access: 21.03.2014.
  6. Vendina O.I. Gorod kak «funktsiya» i kak «mesto zhizni». Sovremennye sdvigi v ponimanii gorodskogo razvitiya [City as a «Function» and «the Place to Live». Modern Changes in Urban Development Understanding]. Available at: http://www.youtube.com. Date of Access: 21.03.2014.
  7. Zharkova L. Landshaftnaya arkhitektura i blagoustroystvo [Landscape Architecture and Landscaping]. Available at: http://www.fineland.ru/pages/100306.htm. Date of Access: 21.03.2014.
  8. Fedorov V.V., Davydov V.A., Levikov A.V. Arkhitekturnye ruiny v sovremennom mire [Architectural Ruins in the Modern World]. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo Rossii [Architecture and Construction in Russia]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 14—21.
  9. Fedorov V.V., Davydov V.A., Levikov A.V. Arkhitekturnaya sreda v strukture prostranstv sotsial'nogo bytiya [The Architectural Environment in the Structure of Social Life Space]. European Social Science Journal. 2013, no. 9, vol. 2, pp. 8—16.
  10. Krymskiy S.B. Eksplikatsiya filosofskikh smyslov [Explication of Philosophical Senses]. Moscow, Ideya-Press Publ., 2006.
  11. Vil'ner M.Ya. Planirovochnoe predstavlenie o territorii [Planning Representation on the Territory]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 67—75.
  12. Nesterova A.A. Gorod dlya lyudey [City for People]. GRADO. Zhurnal o gradostroitel'stve i arkhitekture [GRADO. Magazine on Urban Planning and Architecture]. 2012, pp. 18—20.
  13. Urban Form at the Edge. 20th International Seminar on Urban Form. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia 17th—20th July 2013. Available at: http://www.isuf2013.com. Date of Access: 21.03. 2014.
  14. Puchkov M.V. Semioticheskie vzaimosvyazi arkhitektury i yazyka [Semiotic Interaction of Architecture and Language]. Semiotika prostranstva [Semiotics of Space]. Ekaterinburg, Arkhitekton Publ., 1999, pp. 115—154.

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The importance of water bodies and structures in the persian garden architecture

Vestnik MGSU 4/2014
  • Haghshenas Abbas - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Building Design and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 29-36

Most parts of Iran have water shortage, so we do regard it as a land with limited water sources. At least Iran is not among the lands having high water levels. In Iran water is considered a holy element, and having a garden for relaxing was one of the concerns of Persian ancestors. Therefore, Persians really tried to create gardens to associate with Paradise in their minds. Persian garden is one of the best effects of meaning that has come from Persian beliefs. Persians have become experts in creating gardens and their unique style is now one of the four main styles in designing gardens. The most amazing element in Persian gardens is water, because it is a land, where there is no rain for six-seven months in the year and people always pray for rain. Every year there is a great religious ceremony appealing to the God for rain.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.29-36

References
  1. Massoudi A. Acquaintance with Iranian gardens Bagh-e shazdeh. Tehran, Faza publication, 2009, p. 44.
  2. Ghobadian V. Survey Climate Traditional Buildings in Iran. Tehran, University publication, 1998, p. 123.
  3. Moynihan E.B. Paradise as a Garden In Persia and Mughal India. Scholar Press, London, 1980, p. 4.
  4. Wilber D.N. Persian Gardens and Garden Pavilions. First edition. 1962, Tokyo, C. E. Tuttle Co., p. 52.
  5. Aboobakr Alkaraji. Kharazm. Extracting Hidden Waters. Consulting Engineers. 2009, no. 44, p. 81.
  6. Behnia A. Bibliography and Article of Kanat. First Edition. Tehran, Knowledge Publication, 2001, p. 36.
  7. Haeri M.R. Qanat in Iran. Teheran, 2009, p. 54.
  8. Sheybani M. Naghshe keshavarzi dar sheklghiriye manzare shahri. Tehran : Manzar, 2013. ¹ 22. p. 10.
  9. Pirnia A. Persian Garden. Abadi. 2008, no. 15, p. 56.
  10. Shahcheraqi A. Paradigms of Paradise, Recognition and Re-Creation of The Persian garden. Second edition. Tehran, Jahad University, 2011, p. 78.
  11. Naima G.R. Gardens of Persia. Teheran, 2009, p. 54.
  12. Moozeye honarhaye maaser. Baghe Irani hekmate kohan, manzare jadid. Tehran, 2004, p. 61.
  13. Farrokhyar H.A. Paradise on the margin of Kavir (salt desert). Teheran, 1997, p. 108.
  14. Heydarnetaj V. Persian Garden. Tehran, Office of Cultural Research, 2010, p. 64.
  15. Danesh Doust Y. Tabas Gardens. Tehran, Soroush Publication, 1991, p. 266.

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Narkomfin house as a monument of cultural heritage

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-17

Soviet architecture between 1917-1932 gave us the examples of genuine artistic and engineering design chef-d’oeuvres. The rationalism and constructivism were two main inseparable groups of modernist Soviet architecture. In 1922 leaders of rationalism - Nikolay Ladovskiy, Vladimir Krinskiy and Arthur Loleit founded ASNOVA (Association of New Architects). In 1925 Moisei Ginzburg, Alexander Vesnin, Viktor Vesnin and Ivan Leonidov founded OSA (Association of Contemporary Architects). Both of these organizations created well-known architecture of Soviet avant-garde. Russian civil engineers and architects maintained close comprehensive relations with their western colleagues. “Iron Curtain” became nonviolated border twenty years later. For the whole period of time since October (until 1932), Communist party demanded the collaboration between Soviet, European and American architects. Russian constructivists and Le Corbusier had very close and intensive relations between each other. OSA maintained regular contacts with Bauhaus (especially with Walther Gropius and Hannes Meyer). Their common principles and patterns enriched the architecture of the 20th century round the world. The Constructivist Narkomfin Communal House (Moisei Ginzburg and Ignati Milinis, 1930) from 1931 enhances the dynamism of the building’s innovative construction and utopian idealism. While Ginzburg had great success in the mid-1920s, he, along with the experimental architecture of the period, had fallen out of favor by the mid-1930s. Unlike the other examples of the lost vanguard, Narkomfin House isn’t ossified in both form and function. However, here the clean lines of the avant-garde are buried and muddled beneath the everyday needs of human inhabitants and the neglect of time. Despite of the foresaid, it remains an enduring symbol of this first epoch of Soviet history.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.7-17

References
  1. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ratsionalizm — “formalizm” [The Rationalism — “Formalism”]. Moscow, 2007, 496 p.
  2. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Suprematizm i arkhitektura (problemi formoobrazovaniya) [Suprematism and Architecture (the Problems of Shaping)]. Moscow, 2007, 520 p.
  3. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ivan Leonidov [Ivan Leonidov]. Moscow, 2009, 368 p.
  4. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Moisey G?nzburg. Moscow, 2007, 136 p.
  5. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Aleksandr Vesnin i konstruktivizm [Alexander Vesnin and the Constructivism]. Moscow, 2007, 412 p.
  6. Kosenkova Y.L. Opyt formirovaniya pravovoy osnovy sovetskogo gradostroitel’stva. 1920—1930-e gg. [The Experience of the Legal Basis of Soviet Civil Engineering Formation. 1920—1930s]. Gradostroitel’noe iskusstvo. Novye materialy i issledovaniya [Town Planning Art. New Materials and Researches]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 335—351.
  7. Kosenkova Y.L. Rayonnaya planirovka v SSSR. Opyt 1920—1930-kh godov [Regional Planning in the USSR. The Experience of 1920—1930s.]. Arhitekturnoe nasledstvo [Architectural Heritage]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 353—372.
  8. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki kul’tury Moskvy: iz proshlogo v budushchee [Moscow Cultural Monuments: from the Past to the Future]. Moscow, 2010, 168 p.
  9. Gin?s Garrido. Moisei G?nzburg. Escritos 1923—1930. Madrid: El Croquis editorial, 2007
  10. John W. Maerhofer. Rethinking the Vanguard: Aesthetic and Political Positions in the Modernist Debate, 1917—1962. Cambridge Scholars Publ., 2009, 215 p.
  11. Klaus von Beyme. Das Zeitalter der Avantgarden: Kunst und Gesellschaft 1905—1955. C.H. Beck, 2005, 995 p
  12. Ikonnikov A.V. Utopicheskoe myshlenie i arkhitektura [Utopian Thinking and Architecture]. Moscow, 2004, 333 p.
  13. Han-Magomedov S.O. M.Ya. Ginzburg. Zodchie Moskvi [Moscow Architects]. Moscow, 1988, pp. 218, 220.
  14. KPSS v rezolyutsiyakh i resheniyah s’ezdov, konferentsiy i plenumov TsK. Ch. I : 1898—1925 [CPSU in Resolutions and Decisions of Congresses, Conferences and CC Plenums. Part I: 1898—1925]. Moscow. Gospolitizdat Publ., 1953, 426 p.
  15. XVI konferentsiya VKP(b) [XVI Conference of All-Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik's)]. Stenograficheskiy otchet [Stenographic report]. Moscow, 1962, pp. 14—15.
  16. Aleshchenko N.M. Moskva v planah razvitiya i rekonstruktsii. 1918— 1985 [Moscow in the Development and Reconstruction Plans. 1918—1985]. Moscow, 2009, 50 p.

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Experience of restoration and reconstruction of architectural monuments: from engineering researches to projects implementation by scientists and students of MGSU

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

For more than 20 years the author with his colleagues conducts engineering researches, design of restoration and reconstruction of various architectural monuments. Full cycles of works from engineering investigations to implementation of the own projects are executed on three objects: 1) architectural monument of the 19th century, the church in the museum preserve Abramtsevo (Moscow region), during 2005-2006; 2) a monument of Orthodox church history, a unique soil construction which is called "The Holy Ditch" in the village Diveevo (Nizhny Novgorod region) since 1997 to the present; 3) Church of Our Lady of Kazan also in Diveevo village during 1997-2002. For churches engineering researches are executed, calculations of the bases are made, ways of strengthening the bases are chosen, architectural projects of restoration are created. The church is restored by students under supervision of the experts from the university. The church in Diveevo was partially destroyed during the Soviet period. During restoration high-rise parts of the church were constructed. The works were performed by working restorers under control of the author of article in 2002-2004. Participation of students, masters, graduate students in restoration works had great educational value, gave to young people experience and knowledge. Students studied under professional restorers. Generalization is given in summary. D.S. Likhachyov's theory and our own experience are used. The principle of reconstructing barbarously destroyed engineering constructions, buildings and architectural complexes is formulated. It corresponds to the realities of the 21st century, new technological capabilities and requirements of modern society. Briefly: the reconstructed structure, in our opinion, has to face not only the past, but also the future. It is not always necessary to create the exact copy of the lost construction. Recreating the destroyed construction, it is necessary to apply new materials to increase the reliability and eliminate constructive imperfection of ancient constructions together with preserving old forms. Buildings and constructions have to be under construction anew mainly for performance of former functions, but the buildings have to meet modern requirements on the equipment and internal planning, modern technical norms. The project of the lost building needs to be made taking into account the change of environment. These provisions were successfully incarnated in the process of construction of St. Ditch in Diveev and they are also illustrated on the examples of the reconstruction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow and Frauenkiche in Dresden.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.18-27

References
  1. Paushkin G.A., Cherkasova L.I., Kryzhanovskiy A.L., Alekseev G.V. Problemy nadezhnosti osnovaniy i fundamentov khramovykh zdaniy na ostrove Anzer [Problems of Reliability of Bases and Foundations of Temple Buildings on the Island Anzer]. Problemy obespecheniya ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva: 4 Denisovskie chteniya, sbornik [Proceedings of the 4th Denisov Readings: Problems of Ensuring Ecological Safety of Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2008, pp. 126—134.
  2. Arts and Crafts. Von Morris bis Mackintosh — Reformbewegung zwischen Kunstgewerbe und Sozialutopie. Darmstadt, 1995, 152 S.
  3. Kunstlerkolonien in Europa im Zeichnen der Ebene und des Himmels. Ausstellungskatalog des Germanischen Nationalmuseums. Nurenberg, 2002, 124 S.
  4. Chernyshev S.N., Shcherbina E.V. Svyataya Bogorodichnaya Kanavka: prirodnye usloviya i tekhnicheskie resheniya po vossozdaniyu [St. Ditch: Environmental and Technical Solutions for Reconstruction]. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel'stva i sokhraneniya khramov Pravoslavnoy Rusi: sbornik trudov 2-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma [Proceeding of the 2-nd International Scientific and Practical Symposium "Environmental Conditions of Construction and Preservation of the Temples of Orthodox Russia]. Sergiev Posad, the Moscow Patriarchate Publ., 2005, pp. 247—253.
  5. Tserkov' Kazanskoy ikony Bozhiey Materi v Diveeve [Church of Our Lady of Kazan in Diveevo]. Moscow, Yabloko Publ., 2004, pp. 99—106.
  6. Kornilov A.M., Cherkasova L.I., Chernyshev S.N. Prognoz osadok fundamentov pravoslavnykh khramov pri ikh restavratsii s uchetom istorii nagruzheniya osnovaniya i osobennostey konstruktsii fundamentov na primere tserkvi Kazanskoy ikony Bozhiey Materi Sv.-Troitskogo Serafimo-Diveevskogo monastyrya [Forecast of Foundation Settlement of Orthodox Temples at their Restoration Taking into Account the History of the Basis Loading and Features of the Bases Design on the Example of Church of Our Lady of Kazan of St. Troitsky Serafimo-Diveevsky monastery]. Akademicheskie chteniya N.A.Tsytovicha: 2-e Denisovskie chteniya [Proceeding of the N.A.Tsytovich's academic readings: 2-nd Denisov readings]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2003, pp. 80—84.
  7. Darchiya V.I., Pashkevich S.A., Pulyaev I.S., Pustovgar A.P., Chernyshev S.N. Vliyanie usloviy osveshchennosti otkosov na ekspluatatsionnye svoystva geosinteticheskikh setok na osnove poliamida-6 / [Influence of Ambient Light on Slopes on the Performance Properties of Geosynthetic Grids Based on Polyamide-6]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 101—108.
  8. Chernyshev S.N., Timofeev V.Yu. Merzlotnye i gibridnye inzhenerno-geologicheskie protsessy v glinistykh gruntakh sooruzheniy Svyatoy Bogorodichnoy kanavki [Frost and Hybrid Engineering Geological Processes in Clay Soil of the Constructions of the St. Ditch]. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geology]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 68—72.
  9. Tazina N.G., Darchiya V.I. Sozdanie gazonnykh travostoev na ochen' krutykh sklonakh sil'noy zatenennosti v Diveeve [Creation the Lawn Herbages on Very Cool Slopes of Strong Opacity in Diveevo]. Resursosberegayushchie tekhnologii v lugovom kormoproizvodstve: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu kafedry lugovodstva. Sbornik [Resource-saving Technologies in a Meadow Forage Production. St. Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference Devoted to the 100 Anniversary of the Chair of Grassland Culture]. SPbGAU Publ., 2013, pp. 240—245.
  10. Batsukh N., Chernyshtv S.N., Surmaagav M., Tkachev V.N. Influence of Engineering-Geological Conditions in the Mongolian Architecture. The Engineering Geology of Ancient Works, Monuments and Historical Sites, Proceedings of International Symposium. IAEG, Athens, 1988, pp. 223—228.
  11. Likhachev D.S. Ekologiya kul'tury [Ecology of the Culture]. Moscow, 1979, no. 7, pp. 173—179.
  12. Chernyshev S.N. Ekologiya kul'tury — chast' ucheniya o noosfere, ideynoe osnovanie vossozdaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Culture in Ecology — a Part of the Noosphere, the Ideological Base in Reconstruction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 123—130.
  13. Volker Stoll, Carsten Leibenart. Geotechnische und Hydrogeologische Arbeiten fur den Wiederaufbau der Frauenkirche Dresden und deren Umfeld. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel'stva i sokhraneniya khramov pravoslavnoy Rusi: sbornik tezisov 5-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma [Proceeding of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Symposium "Environmental Conditions of Construction and Preservation of the Temples of Orthodox Russia]. N. Novgorod, 2013, pp. 41—49.

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Energy method for calculating the noise penetrating into flat rooms through walls

Vestnik MGSU 9/2014
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Aleksandr Ivanovich - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Construction of Buildings, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-03-82, 63-04-39; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveeva Irina Vladimirovna - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban and Road Construction, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-09-20, 63-03-72; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 22-31

The noise state in buildings is a general process of sound energy distribution in the building volume. The sound energy emerging in separate rooms falls on enveloping structures of the rooms and penetrates to the adjacent volumes. In this case the enveloping structures of the noisy rooms become the sources of noise for other rooms. In public buildings flat rooms widely occur, in which the noise from technical rooms often penetrate. The authors observe the principles of evaluating indoor noise in a flat, which penetrates from adjacent premises through the walls. The method of calculating sound pressure levels in rooms is offered. The method takes into account the patterns of direct sound distribution from the flat noise source (wall) and the conditions of the reflected sound field creation in flat space of finite and infinite length. The direct sound energy distribution character is determined by geometric parameters of the wall shedding the noise. The method provides the desired calculation precision of the sound pressure levels.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.9.22-31

References
  1. Ledenev V.I. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta shumovykh poley pri proektirovanii proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Statistical Energy Methods for Calculating The Noise Fields in the Design of Industrial Buildings]. Tambov, Tambovskiy Gosudarstvennyy Tekhnicheskiy Universitet Publ., 2001, 156 p.
  2. Antonov A.I., Zhdanov A.E., Ledenev V.I. Avtomatizatsiya rascheta shumovykh poley v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh [Calculation Automation of Noise Fields in Production Rooms]. Vestnik Tambovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tambov State Technical University]. 2004, vol. 10, no. 1B, pp. 245—250.
  3. Giyasov B.I., Matveeva I.V., Makarov A.M. Metod rascheta shuma v ploskikh pomeshcheniyakh s ravnomerno raspredelennymi rasseivatelyami [Noise Evaluation Method in a Flat Room with Evenly Distributed Lenses]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 13—21.
  4. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin Ye.O. The Combined Method of Calculation of Noise Conditions in Industrial Buildings of Thermal Power Stations. Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction and Architecture. 2012, no. 1, pp. 7—16.
  5. Antonov A.I., Solomatin E.O., Tseva A.V. Metod rascheta shuma v dlinnykh pomeshcheniyakh [Method of Noise Analysis inside Long Premises]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 19—25.
  6. Antonov A.I., Ledenev V.I., Solomatin E.O., Gusev V.P. Metody rascheta urovney pryamogo zvuka, izluchaemogo ploskimi istochnikami shuma v gorodskoy zastroyke [Methods for Calculating the Level of the Direct Sound Emitted by Flat Noise Sources in Urban Environment]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 13—15.
  7. Picaut J., Simon L., D. Polack J. A Mathematical Model of Diffuse Sound Field Based on a Diffusion Equation. Acoustica. 1997, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 614—621.
  8. Valeau V., Picaut J., Hodgson M. On the Use of a Diffusion Equation for Room-Acoustic Prediction. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2006, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 1504—1513. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2161433.
  9. Valeau V., Hodgson M., Picaut J. A Diffusion-based Analogy for the Prediction of Sound Fields in Fitted Rooms. Acta Acustica United with Acustica. 2007, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 94—105.
  10. Billon A., Picaut J., Valeau V., Sakout A. Acoustic Predictions in Industrial Spaces Using a Diffusion Model. Advances in Acoustics and Vibration. 2012, Article ID 260394, 9 p. Available at: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/aav/2012/260394/. Date of access: 12.05.2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/260394.
  11. Jing Y., Larsen E.W., Xiang N. One-Dimensional Transport Equation Models for Sound Energy Propagation in Long Spaces: Theory. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2010, vol. 127, no. 4, pp. 2312—2322. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3298936.
  12. Jing Y., Xiang N. A Modified Diffusion Equation for Room-Acoustic Predication. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2007, vol. 121, no. 6, pp. 3284—3287. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2727331.
  13. Picaut J., Valeau V., Billon A., Sakout A. Sound Field Modeling in Architectural Acoustics Using a Diffusion Equation. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Noise. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2006, pp. 1—8.
  14. Osipov G.L., Yudin E.Ya., Khyubner G. Snizhenie shuma v zdaniyakh i zhilykh rayonakh [Noise Reduction in Buildings and Residential Areas]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987, 558 p.
  15. Voronkov A.Yu., Zhdanov A.E. O printsipe vvoda zvukovoy energii v pomeshchenie pri ispol’zovanii integro-interpolyatsionnogo metoda rascheta shumovykh poley [On the Principle of Sound Energy Input into a Room by Using the Integro-Interpolation Method for Calculating Noise Fields]. Trudy TGTU : sbornik nauchnykh statey molodykh uchenykh i studentov [Works of Tambov State Technical University: Collection of Scientific Articles of Young Scientists and Students]. Tambov, 1999, no. 4, pp. 116—118.

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Problems of conservation and modern use of country manorial estates

Vestnik MGSU 11/2014
  • Aksenova Irina Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Klavir Elizaveta Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Master student, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 14-25

Russian manorial estate, the importance of which for the Russian culture can scarcely be exaggerated, is an original and many-sided phenomenon, in which all socio-economic, historical and cultural processes of Russia are focused. Having come into being as dwelling and house-hold complexes, the estates gradually formed cultural framework of Russia in the period from the middle 18th to the end of 19th centuries. In connection with changing social conditions taking place in the 20th century and the loss of their primary meaning only the small part of the estates is conserved today and we are standing at the edge of loosing this invaluable layer of our cultural heritage. In recent years the attempts to revise our history have given positive improvement of public treatment of our historical and architectural heritage. As a result the public interest to the national phenomenon of estates provoked strong impulse to study and to accumulate information about them, but unfortunately did not answer the question how to use this heritage under present-day conditions. The legislation changes recently and the creation of programs and nonstate charitable funds give the hope for the positive improvement in the reconstruction of estates and involving them in the contemporary life. Possible variants of usage of historical settlements as well as estate and park complexes having the great scientific and cognitive and architectural value are considered. The revival of the historical estates together with the national cultural traditions is still not developed enough, but it is an inexhaustible source for the economical and cultural development of Russian regions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.11.14-25

References
  1. Komech A.I. Pravovaya situatsiya v oblasti okhrany arkhitekturnogo naslediya [The Legal Situation in the Sphere of Preservation of Architectural Heritage] // Okhrana i restavratsiya arkhitekturnogo naslediya Rossii. Organizatsionno-pravovye i ekonomicheskie problemy : materialy Vserossiyskoy konferentsii [Conservation and Restoration of Russian Architectural Heritage. Management, Juridical and Economical Problems : Materials of All-Russian Conference]. Moscow, Informatsionno-izdatel'skiy otdel RAASN, 2000, p. 24. (In Russian).
  2. Chizhkov A.B. Podmoskovnye usad’by. Annotirovannyy katalog s kartoy raspolozheniya usad’b 3rd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Non-profit Partnership “Russkaya Usad’ba” Publ. [Moscow-area Estates. The Annotated Catalogue with the Map of Estates Locations]. Moscow, Russkaya usad’ba Publ., 2006, 280 p. (In Russian).
  3. Chekmarev A.V. Arkhitekturnoe nasledie Rossii: pervoe desyatiletie XXI veka [The Architectural Heritage of Russia: the First Decade of the XXI Century]. Arkhitektura izmenyayushcheysya Rossii. Sostoyanie i perspektivy [The Architecture of Changing Russia. The Present State and Perspectives]. Moscow, KomKniga Publ., 2010, pp. 238—263. (In Russian).
  4. Neuzheli polozheno nachalo vozrozhdeniyu dvoryanskikh usadeb? [Has Really the Revival of Country Estates Begun?]. Planeta Dorog. Entsiklopediya puteshestviy [Planet of Roads. Travel Encyclopaedia]. Available at: http://www.roadplanet.ru/home/news/1033/. Date of access: 13.04.2014. (In Russian).
  5. Shvidkovskiy O.I. Ispol’zovanie pamyatnikov kak glavnoe uslovie ikh sokhraneniya [Usage of Cultural Monuments as the Main Condition of their Preservation] // Problemy okhrany i sovremennogo ispol'zovaniya pamyatnikov arkhitektury : materialy Mezhdunarodnogo kollokviuma IKOMOS ESSR, Tallin, 4—7 iyunya 1985 goda [Problems of Conservation and Modern Use of Architectural Monuments : Materials of International Colloquium IKOMOS ESSR, Tallin, June 4—7, 1985]. Tallin, Valgus, 1987, pp. 68—72. (In Russian).
  6. Venok russkikh usadeb [Wreath of Russian Estates]. Web site of the Touristic Program of Moscow. Available at: http://www.varna-gazoil.ru/Venok-russkih-usadeb.html. Date of access: 06.03.2014. (In Russian).
  7. Toporina V.A. Rol’ usadebnykh kompleksov v formirovanii kul’turnykh landshaftov [The Role of Estate Complexes in Forming of Cultural Landscapes]. Problemy regional’noy ekologii [Problems of the Regional Ecology]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 195—203. (In Russian).
  8. Proekty i programmy [Projects and Programs]. Natsional'nyy fond Vozrozhdenie russkoy usad'by [National Foundation Revival of the Russian Estate]. Available at: http://www.fondus.ru/projects/. Date of access: 06.03.2014. (In Russian).
  9. Dulenkova A. Spasti ryadovuyu usad’bu [Saving Private Estate]. Russian Business Consulting. 18.11.2013. Available at: http://rbcdaily.ru/market/562949989622775/. Date of access: 06.03.2014. (In Russian).
  10. Kuzina A. Komu "usad’bu za rubl’"? [Who Wants to Buy "Estate for One Ruble"?]. Moskovskiy komsomolets [Moscow Komsomol Member]. November 7, 2013. Available at: http://www.mk.ru/mosobl/article/2013/11/07/942314-komu-usadbu-za-rubl.html. Date of access: 02.04.2014. (In Russian).
  11. Khronika OIRU [Chronicle of the Society of Russian Estate Investigation]. Obshchestva izucheniya russkoy usad’by [Society of Russian Estate Investigation]. Available at: http://oiru.org/oiru.html. Date of access: 26.05.14. (In Russian).
  12. Krasnobaev I.V. K voprosu o sovremennom ispol’zovanii sel’skikh dvoryanskikh usadeb. Opyt Velikobritanii [To the Question of the Present-usage of Country Family Estates]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta [News of Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering]. 2008, no. 2 (10), pp. 28—32. (In Russian).
  13. Darley G. A Future for Farm Buildings. London: SAVE Britain`s Heritage. 1988, 88 p.
  14. Oynas D. Usad’ba — proshloe v nastoyashchem [Estate — the Past in the Present. Natsional'nyy fond Vozrozhdenie russkoy usad'by [National Foundation Revival of the Russian Estate]. Available at: http://www.fondus.ru/manors. Date of access: 26.04.14. (In Russian).
  15. Kontseptsiya razvitiya turizma v Moskovskoy oblasti [The Concept of Tourism Development in the Moscow Region]. Ministry of Cultural Affairs of Moscow Region]. Available at: http://old.mk.mosreg.ru/min_projects/2077.html. Date of access: 31.03.2014. (In Russian).
  16. Aksenova I.V. Podmoskovnaya usad’ba Demidovykh Almazovo-Sergievskoe. Istoriya «sela Sergievskogo, Almazovo tozh» [The Demidovs› Estate Almazovo-Sergievskoe in Moscow Region. The History of «Sergievskoe Village or Almazovo»]. Russkaya usad'ba: sbornik obshchestva izucheniya russkoy usad›by [Russian Estate: the Collection of the Society of Russian Estates Investigation]. SPb, Kolo Publ., 2013, no. 18 (34), pp. 397—436. (In Russian).
  17. Aksenova I.V. Reconstruction of the Building History of the Demidovs’ Estate “Almazovo” Situated near Moscow. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 36—49. (In Russian).

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Ways of modernization of large-panel residential buildings in Yerevan

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Hakobyan Tigran Davidovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) postgraduate student, Department of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Reconstruction of Historical Heritage, Fine Arts and History, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 9-19

The present article discusses some problems of renovation and modernization of large-panel residential buildings built in the postwar period in Yerevan. The analysis of the current situation showed that today these buildings have many problems related to their functional and aesthetic aspects of quality and become obsolete. The floor plans don’t satisfy modern functional requirements of inhabitants: similar and repeatable types of buildings became the reason of large arrays of monotonously built up districts with low indicators of quality. Furthermore, there are many low quality extensions and add-ins to the buildings made by inhabitants without control, which destroy the architectural appearance of habitat. Yard places of large-panel residential buildings are occupied by car parks and road travel, buildings are cut off from courtyard areas, which as a consequence don’t meet tsocial and functional requirements of the people. The consideration of the international experience of large-panel old housing renovation in European countries has shown that the main activities include improving the energy efficiency of residential buildings with removing heat loss and using solar panels, contrast changes in architectural appearance with large terraces, loggias, using wide range of colors, add-in attics and enlarging the height and the use of space-planning decisions to increase the living space. Analyzing the current situation of the housing and the international experience of modernization the concept of complex modernization of large-panel buildings was offered, which suggested bringing it to life on three main levels of habitat: apartments, building shapes, residential environment and areas. The main goals of the concept are increasing the comfort of planning decisions as well as the total size of the apartment, improving architectural appearance of the building and introducing areas for public services to housing, increasing energy efficiency and creating green areas at all floor levels, achievement of individual style of the buildings and the possibility of an easy transformation, increasing the effective use and the ecological status of a yard.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.9-19

References
  1. Kobets E.A., Khanina A.V. Genezis i tendentsii razvitiya sfery zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo khozyaystva [Genesis and Tendencies in Development of Housing and Communal Services]. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 5: Ekonomika. [The Bulletin of Adyghe State University. Ser. 5: Economy]. 2013, no. 2 (120), pp. 172—180. (In Russian)
  2. Zurabyan Z.A. Razvitie gibkoy planirovochnoy struktury zhiloy yacheyki v mnogokvartirnykh domakh erevana (1960—1980gg.) [Development of Flexible Planning Structure of Living Cell in Apartment Residential Buildings in Yerevan (1960—1980)]. Izvestiya NUASA [Bulletin of NUACA]. Yerevan, 2012, vol. 2 (28), pp. 88—91. (In Russian)
  3. Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R., Khanoyan K.R. Usovershenstvovanie metoda tipovogo proektirovaniya zhilykh zdaniy v Erevane i vnedrenie blok-sektsionnoy sistemy v 1970-kh godakh [Improvement of the Standardized Design Methodology for Residential Buildings and Introduction of Bay System in Yerevan in 1970s]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov NUASA [Collection of Research Works of the NUACA]. Yerevan, 2014, vol. 3 (54), pp. 3—12. (In Russian)
  4. Zhilishchnyy fond i kommunal’noe khozyaystvo Respubliki Armeniya, 2010 [Housing Resources and Public Utility of the Republic of Armenia, 2010]. Natsional’naya statisticheskaya sluzhba respubliki armeniya [National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia]. Available at: http://www.armstat.am/ru/?nid=82&id=1285. Date of access: 15.09.2014. (In Russian)
  5. Hakobyan T.D. Puti modernizatsii tipichnykh zhilykh zdaniy sredney etazhnosti g. Erevana, postroennykh v 1950—60-kh gg. [Ways of Modernization of Standard Mid-rise Residential Buildings Built in the 50s—60s in the City of Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov NUASA [Collection of Research Works of the NUACA]. Yerevan, 2013, vol. 2 (49), pp. 42—53. (In Russian)
  6. Arakelyan R.G. Sovremennye ob”emno-prostranstvennye printsipy formirovaniya zhiloy sredy [Living Environment Forming Modern Space and Planning Principles]. Arkhitektura i stroitelstvo Rossii [Architecture and Construction of Russia]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 2—17. (In Russian)
  7. Sunikka M.M. Sustainable Housing Policies and the Environmental Potential of the Existing Housing Stock in Europe. Building Research and Information. 2006. Available at: http://repository.tudelft.nl/view/ir/uuid:0816e56b-9c4c-43ae-a50f-e62639216496. Date of access: 04.11.2014.
  8. Power A. Does Demolition or Refurbishment of Old and Inefficient Homes Help to Increase our Environmental, Social and Economic Viability? Energy Policy. December 2008, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 4487—4501.
  9. Kovalev D.V., Chudinova V.G. Rekonstruktsiya i modernizatsiya zhiloy sredy krupnopanel’nykh domov massovykh seriy [Reconstruction and Modernization of Residential Environment of Large Panel Buildings of Large-scale Series]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Stroitel’stvo i Arkhitektura» [Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series “Construction and Architecture”]. 2013, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 4—8. (In Russian)
  10. Pozmogova S.B., Minacheva V.R. Ispol›zovanie evropeyskogo opyta pri rekonstruktsii zhilogo fonda [Application of European Experience in Reconstruction of Housing Stock]. Vestnik Ural'skogo gosudrstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Ulyanovsk State Technical University]. 2011, no. 3 (55), pp. 53—56. (In Russian)
  11. Nefedov V.A. Opyt upravleniya zhilishchnoy i kommunal’noy sferoy v Ggermanii [Management of Housing and Communal Services Sphere in Germany]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2007, no. 301, pp. 161—164. (In Russian)
  12. Energosberezhenie i sanatsiya zhilykh domov. Opyt Germanii i osobennosti Rossii [Energy Saving and Rehabilitation of Houses. The Experience of Germany and Peculiarities of Russia]. Portal-Energo. Available at: http://portal-energo.ru/articles/details/id/781. Date of access: 22.09.2014. (In Russian)
  13. Stebenyaeva T.V., Ostrovskiy S.M. Zarubezhnyy opyt vosproizvodstva zhilishchnogo fonda [Foreign Experience of the Reproduction of Housing Facilities]. Problemy sovremennoy nauki: sbornik nauchnykh trudov. [Problems of Modern Science: Collection of Scientific Articles]. Stavropol, Tsentr nauchnogo znaniya «Logos» Publ., 2012, pp. 213—224. (In Russian)
  14. Mitasov V.M. Eshe raz o rekonstruktsii. Sostoyanie zhilishchnogo fonda Novosibirska [Once Again about the Reconstruction. Condition of Novosibirsk Housing Stock]. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo v Sibiri [Architecture and Construction in Siberia]. 2010, no. 14, pp. 5—25. (In Russian)
  15. Chuvilova I.V., Kravchenko V.V. Kompleksnye metody rekonstruktsii i modernizatsii massovoy zhiloy zastroyki [Complex Methods of Reconstruction and Modernization of Mass Housing Construction]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 94—100. (In Russian)
  16. Shcheglova O.Yu., Kulichenko I.I., Galich E.G. Zarubezhnyy opyt rekonstruktsii pyatietazhnykh panel’nykh domov [Foreign Experience of Reconstruction of Five-storey Panel Houses]. Stroitel’stvo, materialovedenie, mashinostroenie: sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Collection of Research Works of the Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture]. 2008, issue. 45, part 1, pp. 82—87. (In Russian)
  17. Shilkin N. V. Povyshenie energeticheskoy effektivnosti zdaniy v stranakh Pribaltiki i Vostochnoy Evropy [Improvement of Buildings Energy Efficiency in Baltic Countries and Eastern Europe]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2011, no. 7, pp.17—26. (In Russian)
  18. Sevka V.G. Formirovanie regional’nykh programm rekonstruktsii i kapital’nogo remonta zhilishchnogo fonda [Development of Regional Programs for Reconstruction and Overhaul of Housing Facilities]. Obshchestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo [Society: Politics, Economics, Law]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 95—99. (In Russian)
  19. Wang L., Gwilliam J., Jones P. Case Study of Zero Energy House Design in UK. Energy and Buildings. November 2009, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1215—1222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2009.07.001.
  20. Sunikka M.M. Energy Efficiency and Low-carbon Technologies in Urban Renewal. Building Research and Information. 2006, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 521—533. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613210600660976.
  21. Boeria A., Gabrielli L., Longo D. Evaluation and Feasibility Study of Retrofi tting Interventions on Social Housing in Italy. Procedia Engineering. 2011, vol. 21, pp. 1161—1168. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.2125.
  22. Grebenshchikov K.N., Merenkov A.V. Tendentsii sovershenstvovaniya gradostroitel’nykh i arkhitekturno-planirovochnykh parametrov sovremennogo zarubezhnogo i rossiyskogo zhilishcha [Tendencies of Town-Planning and Architectural Parameters Modernization of Modern Foreign and Russian Housing]. Regional’nye arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennye shkoly : materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Regional Architectural Art Scools : Materials of the All-Russian Science and Practice Conference]. Novosibirsk, Sibprint Publ., 2011, pp. 150—151. (In Russian)
  23. Castleton H.F., Stovin V., Beck S.B.M., Davison J.B. Green Roofs; Building Energy Savings and the Potential for Retrofi t. Energy and Buildings. October 2010, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1582—1591.
  24. Naybauer A.V., Khalturina L.V. Rekonstruktsiya zhilykh domov s nadstroykoy mansardnogo etazha [Housing Reconstruction with Additional Mansard Floor]. Vestnik Altayskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta im. I.I. Polzunova [Bulletin of Altai State Technical University named after I.I. Polzunov]. 2009, no. 1—2, pp. 181—182. (In Russian)

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Natural light design in premises with roof natural lighting system with consideration of lighting effects of the surrounding housing

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Stetskiy Sergey Vyacheslavovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Larionova Kira Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) senior lecturer, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 20-30

The article considers the problems connected with new offers on a daylight factor design in premises with roof natural lighting system with account of lighting effect of surrounding buildings. The offers for daylight design are based on a hypothesis of possible use of some design points for side natural lighting of interiors in the design of roof natural lighting. This is connected with a need to account for a lighting effect of neighborhood buildings. This effect must be considered in the case of lighting design for underground or sub-around buildings. These theoretical offers were confirmed with practical experiment results. The problem, discussed in the article has been stated and analyzed before by a number of domestic and foreign authors. These questions arose mainly because of the broad developing activity in the construction of underground and below-ground buildings and structures, mainly bound with public premises. The need of such development can be explained by the lack of vacant city areas, especially in the central parts. Moreover, the construction methods of such a development are much simpler, as compared with traditional construction technologies of above-ground objects. As for indoor lighting conditions in the underground and below-ground buildings, the only possible way to provide sufficient lighting of interiors is an implementation of roof lighting system in the form of skylights or monitors with one-side or two-side glazing. It is obvious, however, that these roof lighting units are influenced by shadowing effect of the surrounding buildings, which can decrease the incoming light flow to the interiors. This point is the main one, which forced the authors to investigate this scientific problem.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.20-30

References
  1. Stetskiy S.V., Larionova K.O. Zatenyayushchee vliyanie okruzhayushchey zastroyki pri sisteme verkhnego estestvennogo osveshcheniya grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Shadowing Effect of Surrounding Buildings in Case of Natural Overhead Lighting Systems of Civil Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 44—47. (In Russian)
  2. Zemtsov V.A. Voprosy proektirovaniya i rascheta estestvennogo osveshcheniya pomeshcheniy cherez zenitnye fonari shakhtnogo tipa [Issues of Design and Analysis of Natural Lighting of Premises through Shaft-type Skylights]. Svetotekhnika [Illumination Engineering]. Moscow, 1990, no. 10, pp. 25—36. (In Russian)
  3. Stetskiy S.V., Chen Guanglong. Sozdanie kachestvennoy svetovoy sredy v pomeshcheniyakh proizvodstvennykh zdaniy dlya klimaticheskikh usloviy yugo-vostochnogo Kitaya [Development of a High-quality Illumination Environment in the Premises of Industrial Buildings in the Climatic Conditions of Southeast China]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 16—25. (In Russian)
  4. Zemtsov V.A. Estestvennoe osveshchenie pomeshcheniy cherez zenitnye fonari shakhtnogo tipa [Natural Lighting of Premises through Roof Lights of a Vine-type]. Issledovanie po stroitel’noy svetotekhnike : sbornik nauchnykh trudov NIISF [Research Works on Structural Mechanics: Collection of Scientific Works of the Research Institute for Building Physics]. Moscow, 1981, pp. 28—31. (In Russian)
  5. Balkheeva V.A. Metodika rascheta estestvennogo osveshcheniya pomeshcheniy s uchetom sveta, otrazhennogo ot territoriy [Calculation Methods of Natural Illumination of Premises with Regard of the Light, Refl ected from a Territory]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 1990, no. 10, pp. 32—35. (In Russian)
  6. Solov’ev A.K. Proektirovanie estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy s ispol’zovaniem prostranstvennykh kharakteristik svetovogo polya [Design of Natural Lighting of Buildings with the Use of Spatial Characteristics of Light Field]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 453—460. (In Russian)
  7. Brotash L., Uilson M. Raschet pokazateley estestvennogo osveshcheniya [Calculation of Natural Lighting Factors]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 44—47. (In Russian)
  8. Mokhel’nikova Y. Estestvennoe osveshchenie i fonari verkhnego sveta [Natural Lighting and Roof Lights]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 26—30. (In Russian)
  9. Solov’ev A.K. Raspredelenie yarkosti po nebosvodu i ego uchet pri proektirovanii estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy [Sky Luminance Distribution and Account for it in the Natural Lighting Design of Buildings]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  10. Bakharev D.V., Zimnovich I.A. K teoreticheskomu analizu empiricheskoy yarkosti fasadov [To a Theoretical Analysis of Empirical Luminance of Facades]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 10—17. (In Russian)
  11. Egorchenkov V.A. Opredelenie yarkosti zemnoy poverkhnosti pri raschete estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy [Luminance of a Ground Surfaces Determination in the Calculation of Natural Lighting of Buildings]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 56—57. (In Russian)
  12. Slukin V.M., Simakova E.S. Problemy estestvennogo osveshcheniya pomeshcheniy v uplotnennoy gorodskoy zastroyke [Problems of Natural Illumination of Premises in Dense Development]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of the Ural Scientific, Research and Design Institute of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 56—60. (In Russian)
  13. Slukin V.M., Smirnov L.N. Obespechenie normirovannykh usloviy estestvennogo osveshcheniya zhilykh zdaniy v uplotnennoy gorodskoy zastroyke [Ensuring the Normalized Conditions of Natural Illumination of Residential Buildings in Dense Urban Development]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of the Ural Scientific, Research and Design Institute of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 75—77. (In Russian)
  14. Tregenza P.R. The Daylight Factor and Actual Illuminance Ratios. Lighting Research and Technology. 1980, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 64—68. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096032718001200202.
  15. Tregenza P.R. Measured and Calculated Frequency Distributions of Daylight Illuminance. Lighting Research and Technology. 1986, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 71—74. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096032718601800202.
  16. Brotas L., Wilson M. Daylight in Urban Canyons: Planning in Europe. PLEA2006 The 23rd Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. Geneva, Switzerland, 6—8 September 2006, Proc. II, pp. 207—212.
  17. Lynes J.A. A Sequence for Daylighting Design. Lighting Research and Technology. 1979, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 102—106. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/14771535790110020101.
  18. Cuttle C. Sumner’s Principle: A Discussion. Lighting Research and Technology. 1991, no. 2, pp. 99—106.
  19. Lay S.D. Appraisal of the Visual Environment. L.E.D. Lighting Review. 1970, pp. 129—138.
  20. Irens A.N. Light and Productivity. Transactions of the Illumination Engineering Society. London, 1960, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 53—68.
  21. Solov’ev A.K. Polye trubchatye svetovody: ikh primenenie dlya estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy i ekonomiya energii [Hollow Tubular Light Conductors: Their Application for Natural Lighting of Buildings and Saving of Energy]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2011. No. 5. C. 41—47. (In Russian)

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City-ecological perspectives of the development of high urbanized multifunctional centers of the largest Russian cities

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Kolesnikov Sergey Anatol’evich - Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU), 194 Molodogvardeyskaya str., Samara, 443001, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

This article presents some results of the author’s dissertation research dedicated to formation of an architectural typology of high urbanized multifunctional units of urban structure of the largest cities (further HUMUUS) as centers of social activity, which include buildings, constructions, transportation equipment and open spaces, where human flows transpose, start and end with the purpose of bringing into this space a concentrated maximum of goods, services and information with minimum time expenditures. This article draws attention to the development analysis of the structure-forming functions of HUMUUS and their town planning and environmental impact on the surrounding area. The study of planning structures of the largest Russian cities (Samara, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod) made it possible to identify a number of main objects, in which structure-forming functions of HUMUUS are materialized: railroad complex (historically formed, developed, dominated, system-wide road junction), transport interchange hub (providing intraurban messages), public office and business centers, leisure and entertainment centers, shopping centers. Basing on researches of Russian and foreign experience, it is possible to predict with full confidence the following trends and streams of environmental and urban development of HUMUUS in the near-term perspective: Strengthening of the environmental and urban frame by network evolution of HUMUUS; Inclusion of green areas of HUMUUS in the system of citywide green areas; Increment of the interest of the investors to the public road junction for the purpose of reorganization of them to full HUMUUS with all characteristics of high-urbanized and environmental and urban reorganization (separation of traffic and pedestrian flows, maximum capacity, multiple-level system, multifunctional, increase in landscaped green space, reconstruction of engineering systems and communications, the use of modern ecological building designs and finishing materials); Preferential development of the intracity HUMUUS with all the characteristics of intensification of using space (reduction in area of transporting communication with the help of multilevel junction, increment of a number of stories in a building, the use of the levels of the underground space, mechanization of horizontal communication, release of the territory for planting, use of intelligent eco-stabilizing systems of control and management of functioning HUMUUS); Development of the territorial growth trends of HUMUUS with reconstruction of the functional processes and environmental settings in joint junction area; Emphasis of landscape and recreational areas development; Strengthening the role of creation of living environment and planting in the existing urban planning and functional HUMUUS.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.7-15

References
  1. Kolesnikov S.A. Arkhitekturnaya tipologiya vysokourbanizirovannykh mnogo-funktsional’nykh uzlov gorodskoy struktury krupneyshego goroda [Architectural Typology of High-Urbanized Multifunction Junctions of the Urban Structure of the Largest City]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 4—8. (In Russian)
  2. Rentziou A., Gkritza K., Milioti C., Karlaftis M.G. Urban Road Pricing: Modeling Public Acceptance. Journal of the Urban Planning and Development, ASCE. 2010, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 56—64. DOI: ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000041.
  3. Fischer J.M., Amekudzi A. Quality of Life, Sustainable Civil Infrastructure, and Sustainable Development: Strategically Expanding Choice. Journal of the Urban Planning and Development, ASCE. 2010, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 39—48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000039.
  4. Yuan C.W., Chen L., Zhang J.F. Sharing Rates Model of Different Traffic Ways in Urban Comprehensive Passenger Hub. Chang’an daxue xuebao (ziran kexue ban) journal of chang’an university (natural science edition). 2010, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 66—70.
  5. Byrne D. City Region 2020: Integrated Planning for a Sustainable Environment — Joe Ravetz; earthscan. London, 2000, pp. 307+XII, & 19.95 paperback. FUTURES. 2002, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 215—218.
  6. Gel’fond A.L. Arkhitekturno-tipologicheskoe formirovanie delovykh tsentrov Londona na sovremennom etape [Architectural and Typological Formation of Business Centers in London at the Present Stage]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Privolzhsky Scientific Journal]. 2007, no. 2, pp. 58―66. (In Russian)
  7. Zeidler E.H. Multi-Use Architecture in the UrbaN Context. Van Norstrand Reinhold, 1st A edition,1985, 158 p.
  8. Vlasov D.N. Regional’nye transportno-peresadochnye uzly i ikh planirovochnoe reshenie (na primere g. Matsumoto, Yaponiya) [Regional Transport Interchange Hubs in Big and Medium-sized Cities of Japan]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 21—28. (In Russian)
  9. Belyaev V.L. Planirovanie gradostroitel’nogo osvoeniya podzemnogo prostranstva g. Moskvy [Plans for Development of the Underground Space of Moscow]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 35—46. (In Russian)
  10. Kas’yanov V.F., Tabakov N.A. Opyt zarubezhnykh stran v oblasti rekonstruktsii gorodskoy zastroyki [Foreign Experience in the Field of Urban Area Reconstruction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 21—27. (In Russian)
  11. Kas’yanov V.F., Lyapin A.V., Chernysheva O.I. Ekologicheskaya rekonstruktsiya gorodskoy zastroyki [Ecological Reconstruction of Urban Area]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 50—57. (In Russian)
  12. Karakova T.V. Kontseptsiya kompleksnoy programmy «Sredovoy kadastr goroda» [The Concept of a Complex Program
  13. Gel’fond A.L. Istoricheskiy tsentr goroda kak mnogofunktsional’naya struktura [The Historic Center of the City as a Multifunctional Structure]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 81—83. (In Russian)
  14. Kerner B.S., Daimler A.G. Optimum Principle for Calculating the Minimum Probability of Congestion. Traffic Engineering and Control. 2011, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 380—386.
  15. Dutsev M.V. Arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennoe formirovanie otkrytykh gorodskikh prostranstv (na primere evropeyskikh gorodov) [Architectural and artistic formation of open urban spaces (for example, European cities)]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 2012, no. 40, pp. 28—40. (In Russian)
  16. Akhmedova E.A. Sovremennyy general’nyy plan goroda i vozmozhnosti ego realizatsii v usloviyakh rynka [The Modern General City Plan and Its Implementation Opportunities on the Market]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and civil construction]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 6—10. (In Russian)
  17. «Zelenye» standarty v stroitel›stve [«Green» Construction Standards]. Tsentr ekologicheskoy sertifikatsii — «Zelenye standarty» [Center for Environmental Certification — «Green Standards»]. Available at:http://www.greenstand.ru/watch/stroy.html.Date of access: 09.12.2014. (In Russian)

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The fact of the lack of wood in the formation of muslim architecture style

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-83-47; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Elmanova Elena Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Elena Leonidovnapostgraduate student, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-20

The article includes an analysis of the influence of the natural conditions of the region on the structural and stylistic features of Arab architecture. National architecture depends on the features of natural-climatic conditions of the region: geographical location (the climate, terrain, building materials), seismic activity, geological structure. The Muslim architecture was influenced by: high seismic activity; the lack of wood; dry and hot climate; high temperature drops in the daytime and at night. These are the peculiarities of Asia. The Arab countries are located in several climatic zones: in subtropical, the Northern tropical and subequatorial zones. The climate here is hot and arid. Forests grow only on some slopes. A significant part of Africa and Arabia is situated in the area of the desert. In Syria forests are found only on the Eastern slopes of the mountains. There are stunted coniferous and deciduous trees. These trees are thin, low and unsuitable for construction purposes. In Iran forests grow on the Northern slopes of the Mount Elbrus, at the altitudes of up to 2500 m, and on the coast of the Caspian Sea. The Central Iranian plateau has almost no vegetation. There is very little rainfall (100...250 mm per year). The air cools down quickly at night. There are also large diurnal and seasonal temperature changes. Rock formation is weathered therefore the sandy-clay deposits are formed. They are suitable for making bricks. The clay in the form of bricks was used as a building material. The unfired adobe was used too. It worked rather well in dry climatic conditions. The widespread use of the adobe influenced the color of the buildings - they were the color of soil. The wood as a construction material was scarce, so in large spans domes were built. Vaults and arches were built without the use of scaffolding and cradling. This influenced their shape. Wood is only used for architectural elements of palaces (rare wooden tall columns, ceilings and window grates made of wooden elements) and for construction of ceiling of traditional houses. Thin and uneven beams were unsuitable for the interior of the palaces.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.7-20

References
  1. Jawondo I.A. Architectural History of Ilorin Mosques in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Social Dynamics: A Journal of African Studies. Department of History and International Studies, University of Ilorin, Nigeria, 1 June 2012, vol. 38, issue 2, pp. 303—313. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02533952.2012.719394.
  2. Guggenheim M. The Laws of Foreign Buildings: Flat Roofs and Minarets. Social and Legal Studies. Department of Anthropology, University of Zürich, Switzerland, December 2010, vol. 19, issue 4, pp. 441—460.
  3. Amar N.Z.M., Ismail Z., Salleh H. Guidelines for Internal Arrangement of Islamic House. BEIAC 2012 — 2012 IEEE Business, Engineering and Industrial Applications Collquium. 2012, art. no. 6226049, pp. 189—194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/BEIAC.2012.6226049.
  4. Karimi Z.R. Spaces of Worship in Islam in the West. Interiors: Design, Architecture, Culture. Architecture Department, Southern Polytechnic State University, Atlanta, GA, United States, 2010, vol. 1, issue 3, pp. 265—279. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2752/204191210X12875837764174.
  5. Al-Lahham A. Traditionalism or Traditionalieism: Authentication or Fabrication? Archnet-IJAR. College of Design, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. 2014, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 64—73.
  6. Alhazim M., Littlewood J., Canavan K., Carey P. Design Philosophy of the Traditional Kuwaiti House. AEI 2013: Building Solutions for Architectural Engineering — Proceedings of the 2013 Architectural Engineering National Conference. State College, PA; United States; Code 100669, 2013, pp. 1018—1029. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784412909.099.
  7. Tariq S.H., Jinia M.A. The Contextual Issues in the Islamic Architecture of Bengal Mosques. Global Journal Al-Thaqafah. 2013, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 41—48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7187/GJAT322013.03.01.
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METHOD OF NOISE ANALYSIS INSIDE LONG PREMISES

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Antonov Aleksandr Ivanovich - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Construction of Buildings, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-03-82, 63-04-39; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solomatin Evgeniy Olegovich - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) + 7 (4752) 63-09-20; + 7 (4752) 63-03-72, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), Building E, 112 Michurinskaya St., Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tseva Anna Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Architectural and Structural Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospekt, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 19-25

Long rooms often make substantial contributions into the noise energy distribution inside buildings. Application of methods of theoretical geometry to the analysis of sound energy distribution patterns in hallway-like premises can cause considerable errors in the implementation of noise protection actions.The method of noise analysis based on statistical principles is proposed in the article. It originates from one-dimensional quasi-diffusive representation of a sound field in long rooms. Interrelation between the stream and the density gradient of reflected sonic energy, as well as consideration of the energy balance in respect of elements of extended room make it possible to design a mathematical model of a stationary noise field in the form of a differential equation that has boundary conditions. The authors have developed a numerical model of a differential equation based on the statistical energy approach using the Zeydel method of simple iterations, and a software programme designated for the analysis of noise fields of long rooms. The Zeydel method demonstrates its high efficiency as it has proven fast convergence of results and takes up a small amount of computer memory because of the tape-like shape of matrix coefficients of the system equations. Comparison of analytical and experimental data has demonstrated high precision of calculations made for rooms that have various acoustic and spacelanning parameters. The method can be used to design sound proofing actions inside premises of civil and industrial buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.19-25

References
  1. Ledenev V.I. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta shumovykh poley pri proektirovanii proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Statistical Energy-related Methods of the Noise Field Analysis within the Framework of Design of Industrial Buildings]. Tambov, 2000, 156 p.
  2. Ledenev V.I., Makarov A.M. Raschet energeticheskikh parametrov shumovykh poley v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh slozhnoy formy s tekhnologicheskim oborudovaniem [Analysis of Energy Parameters of Noise Fields inside Industrial Premises That Have an Irregular Shape and Accommodate the Process Machinery]. Nauchnyy vestnik VGASU [Scientific Bulletin of Voronesh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. Voronezh, 2008, no. 2 (10), pp. 102—108.
  3. Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V., Kryshov S.I. Inzhenernaya otsenka rasprostraneniya shuma v tonnelyakh i koridorakh [Engineering Assessment of Noise Propagation in Tunnels and Corridors]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gos. un-ta [Proceedings of Southwestern State University]. Kursk, 2011, no. 5 (38), chapter 2, pp. 393—396.
  4. Gusev V.P. Snizhenie shuma v gazovozdushnykh traktakh energeticheskikh ob”ektov [Noise Reduction in Gas-air Flow Ducts of Energy Generating Facilities]. Arkhitekturnaya i stroitel’naya akustika. Shumy i vibratsiy: sb. tr. XI ses. Ros. akust. ob-va. [Architectural and Civil Engineering Acoustics. Noises and Vibrations. Collected works of the 11th session of the Russian Acoustic Society]. Moscow, 2001, vol. 4, pp. 31—42.
  5. Gusev V.P., Solodova M.A. K voprosu o rasprostranenii shuma v krupnogabaritnykh gazovozdushnykh kanalakh [On the Issue of Noise Propagation inside Large-size Gas-air Ducts]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. [ACADEMY. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 211—219.
  6. Gusev V.P., Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V. Metod otsenki rasprostraneniya shuma v krupnogabaritnykh gazovozdushnykh traktakh energeticheskikh ob”ektov [Method of Noise Propagation Assessment in Large-size Gas-air Ducts of Energy Generating Facilities]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. [ACADEMY. Architecture and Construction]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 104—107.
  7. Osipov G.L., Yudin E.Ya., Khyubner G.; Osipov G.L., Yudin E.Ya., editors. Snizhenie shuma v zdaniyakh i zhilykh rayonakh [Noise Reduction inside Buildings and in Residential Areas]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987, 558 p.
  8. Korn G., Korn T. Spravochnik po matematike dlya nauchnykh rabotnikov i inzhenerov [Reference Book on Mathematics for Scientists and Engineers]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973, 831 p.
  9. Antonov A.I., Makarov A.M. Svidetel’stvo No 2008610070 o registratsii programmy dlya EVM. Raschet urovney shuma statsionarnogo zvukovogo polya i sredney dliny svobodnogo probega v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh metodom proslezhivaniya zvukovykh luchey [Certificate no. 2008610070 of Software Programme Registration. Analysis of Noise Levels of a Stationary Sound Field and of the Average Free Path Length in Industrial Premises Using Method of Tracing Sound Beams]. Published on 01.09.2008 in the Russian Federation.
  10. Antonov A.I., Makarov A.M. Svidetel’stvo No 2008610131 o registratsii programmy dlya EVM. Raschet shumovogo polya v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh s tekhnologicheskim oborudovaniem kombinirovannym geometricheskim-statisticheskim metodom [Certificate no. 2008610131 of Software Programme Registration. Noise Field Analysis in Industrial Premises That Accommodate Process Machinery Using an Integrated Method of Geometry and Statistics]. Published on 01.09.2008 in the Russian Federation.

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IMPLEMENTED MODERNIZATION OF BUILDINGS OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS: CASE STUDY OF INSTITUTES OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Bantserova Ol’ga Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architectural Sci- ences, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Loginov Igor’ Yur’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 26-34

The article covers the problems of modernization of buildings of research institutions and, in particular, the future use of existing buildings, that is, their restructuring and adjustment to new objectives, or demolition and construction of new buildings instead of demolished ones. The authors highlight functional, technological, structural and compositional constituents of this problem. The authors provide examples of buildings restructured both in Russia through the involvement of the authors, and worldwide. Their conclusions represent a list of major issues that need to be resolved as part of the decision-making process concerning the future use of buildings:availability of layout plans of the building to accommodate the proposed functional processes as well as flexibility in terms of any future changes;assessment of potential improvement of the architectural environment in terms of reduction of functional connections, provision of formal and informal communications, and improvement of visual connections;the load bearing capacity of building structures, including floors and ceilings slabs;sufficiency of the floor height;suitability of existing technical rooms and shafts and possibility of their extension to assure a flexible layout;assessment of the working capacity and service life of structural elements of the building;selection of the applicable technology and sequence of works to ensure a minimal impact produced on the operation of an enterprise; the need for temporary facilities and the cost of relocation of existing services and business units.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.26-34

References
  1. Braybrooke S., Goodman H., Gold B. Proektirovanie nauchno-issledovatel’skikh tsentrov [Design for Research. Principles of Laboratory Architecture] Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 198 p.
  2. Cordes S., Holzkamm I. Forschungszentren und Laborgebaeude. Organisation, bauliche Konzeption und Ressourcenplanung fuer Forschungsgebaeude der Biowissenschaften, Chemie und Nanotechnologie. HIS, Forum Hochschule, 9/2007, 185 p.
  3. H?lting A. Sanierung des Chemiehochhauses an der Universit?t T?bungen [Renovation of chemistry building at the University of T?bungen]. Vortrag HIS Workshop “Forschungszentren und Laborgeb?ude” am 28. Juni 2007 in Hannover. Available at: http://www.his.de/publikation/seminar/Forschungszentren. Date of access: August 2, 2012.
  4. Groemling D. Tipologiya nauchno-issledovatel’skikh sooruzheniy [Typology of Research Facilities]. DETAIL Russia. Series 2010, no. 9, pp. 866—885.
  5. Mack P. Sanierung oder Neubau? Sanierung des Chemiekomplexes der Universit?t W?rzburg [Rehabilitation or new construction? Rehabilitation of the complex chemistry of the University of W?rzburg]. Forum Hochschulbau 2012: “Sanierung von Hochschulgeb?uden – Sanierungsplanung als Bestandteil der Baulichen Hochschulentwicklung” am 13. Juni 2012 in Hannover. Available at: http://www.his.de/publikation/seminar/Forum_Hochschulbau_062012. Date of access: Aug 2, 2012.
  6. Blinkov S.V. Printsipy rekonstruktsii predpriyatiy khimicheskoy promyshlennosti [Principles of Restructuring of Chemical Industry Enterprises]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Construction Mechanization]. 2008, no. 8, pp. 2—6.
  7. Savel’ev B.A., Platonov Yu.P., Metan’ev D.A., Frezinskaya N.R. Proektirovanie zdaniy nauchnogo naznacheniya [Design of Buildings to Accommodate Research Facilities]. Vestnik RAN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 1975, no. 9, pp. 88—101.
  8. Frezinskaya N.R. Issledovatel’ i ego material’naya sreda [Researcher and His Material Environment]. Vestnik RAN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2007, vol. 77, no 12, pp. 1089—1099.
  9. Sergeev K.I., Kuleshova G.I. Territorial’no-gradostroitel’nye aspekty organizatsii tekhnoparkovykh struktur [Territorial and Urban Aspects of Organization of Technology Parks]. Vestnik RAN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2007, vol. 77, no. 12, pp. 1100—1106.
  10. Isakova S.A. Metody ob”emno-planirovochnoy modernizatsii uchebnykh zdaniy universitetov (na primere Yuzhnogo federal’nogo universiteta) [Methods of Spatial Modernization of Educational Buildings of Universities (Exemplifi ed by Southern Federal University)]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Arkhitekton: News of Institutions of Higher Education]. December 2011, no. 36. Available at: http://www.archvuz.ru. Date of access: September 5, 2012.

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