PROBLEMS OF THE HOUSING UTILITIES SECTOR

Housing as an element of regional social and economic system: the experienceof applied research

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Anufriev Dmitriy Petrovich - Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AISI) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Rector, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AISI), 18 Tatishcheva st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 187-195

On the basis of the applied research results in Astrakhan region the author revealed a regional profile of complex issues related to security, house building quality, the level of provision and the cost of housing and utility services. Three-quarters of Astrakhan inhabitants are the owners of the property that is the result of macro-economical shift in the Russian Federation during the last two decades — the transition from state ownership to private, which manifestation was the privatization of the housing stock. In Astrakhan region about one third of the population lives in dilapidated and outworn housing stock and about 60 % of them need an improvement of living conditions. In this case, most categories of citizens, who need an improvement of their living conditions, do not have financial possibility to do this neither with their own financial resources, nor participating in the programs of mortgage lending. Thus, housing is both expensive and unaffordable for most in need. Planned housing is in the first place in the hierarchy of Astrakhan citizens’ needs — the construction of private housing (39—42 %), which reflects the current understanding of the global trends of livability. Only 15—19 % of citizens plan to purchase a separate apartment, which reveals the requirements to the quality of constructing multi-storey buildings and to the quality of their service by housing and operating companies. Only about 7 % of respondents are satisfied with the activities of housing and managing companies in the field of housing in the region. About 40 % of respondents face violations of their rights in the construction and housing sector, only 11—15 % of the population could assert their rights, 8—13 % did not try to defend their violated rights, about 15 % could not defend their rights. Occasionally or frequently, every third or fourth respondent faced the facts of extortion, bribery and corruption in the spheres of construction and housing and communal services. It is shown that the dissatisfaction of Astrakhan citizens, both in terms of acquisition of property and in terms of its intended use, leads to destructive practices of emigration of the most active part of the working population of the region.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.187-195

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  2. Kargapolova E.V., Aryasova A.Yu., Grechkina T.Yu., Lebedintseva L.A., Ubogovich Yu.I. Sotsiokul'turnyy portret Astrakhanskoy oblasti: opyt sotsiologicheskogo, ekonomicheskogo i politicheskogo analiza: monografiya [Social and Cultural Portrait of the Astrakhan Region: the Experience of Sociological, Economic and Political Analysis]. Volgograd, Volgogradskoe nauchnoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 2010, 307 p.
  3. Lapin N.I., Belyaeva L.A., editors. Regiony v Rossii: sotsiokul'turnye portrety regionov v obshcherossiyskom kontekste [Regions in Russia: Social and Cultural Portraits of Regions in All-Russian Context]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2009, 808 p.
  4. A practical Guide for Conducting: Housing Profiles. UN-Habitat, 2011, 100 p.
  5. Tibaijuka A.K. Building Prosperity. The Centrality of Housing in Economic Development. London, UN-Habitat, 2009, 289 p.
  6. Anufriev D.P. Upravlenie stroitel'nym kompleksom kak sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoy sistemoy: postanovka problemy [Managing the Building Complex as a Social and Economic System: Problem Statement]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 8—10.
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Characteristic aspects of the housing and utilitiescomplex as a difficult organizational and economic system

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Butyrin Andrey Yur'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Juridical Science, Professor, Department of Construction and Property Management, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chernyshev Aleksey Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction and Property Management, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grabovyy Kirill Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction and Property Management, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 196-202

The existing system of housing and utility services functioning is carried out for providing the relevant living environment standards to the population by means of effective functioning of the system of uninterrupted providing housing and utility services according to existing requirements of the Russian standards. Today there is a number of problems, which doesn't allow housing and utility services to function effectively. The main of them is providing high-quality housing and utility services to the population and system of their objective cost assessment. This problem is solved by means of reforming the housing and utility sphere with the possibility of attracting financial resources from private investors. Housing and Utility of the Russian Federation, the basis of which is the housing stock, has a very high specific weight in fixed assets of all the economy.Thus, Housing and Utility is a typical difficult organizational and economic system possessing characteristic features of openness, nonlinearity and dissipativity. In this re-gard, the reasonable approach to Housing and Utility development assumes the need to account for the principles of systemacity, focus and complexity, and also can be based on the existing in the theory and practice of management methodology by difficult organizational and economic systems.Now Housing and Utility development and financing investment programs of the municipal complex organizations is carried out according to the relevant Federal law, according to which the establishment system of limit indexes of change of tariffs and investment extra charges to tariffs for services of the organizations of a municipal complex. Also, innovative ways of energy efficiency increase and decrease in wear of funds is an attempt of the state to develop effective mechanisms of attracting private funds from investors.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.196-202

References
  1. Smolina L.F. Nauchnye aspekty razrabotki organizatsionno-ekonomicheskogo mekhanizma reformirovaniya zhilishchno-kommunal'noy politiki regionov Kraynego Severa [Scientific Aspects of Management and Economic Mechanism Development for Reforming Housing and Utility Policy of the Far North Regions]. Sbornik nauchykh trudov [Collection of Scientific Works]. Voronezh, VGURU Publ., 2005, pp. 32—38.
  2. Dmitriev A.N., Kovalev I.N., Tabunshchikov Yu.A., Shilkin N.V. Rukovodstvo po otsenke ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti investitsiy v energo-sberegayushchie meropriyatiya [Guidance for Estimating Economic Efficiency of Investments into Energy Saving Measures]. Moscow, AVOK-PRESS Publ., 2009.
  3. Kostyshak M.M. Kapital'nyy remont zhilishchnogo fonda kak element ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti [Major Repairs of the Housing Stock as an Element of Economic Security]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' [National Interests: Priorities and Safety]. 2010, no. 9 (66), pp. 16—20.
  4. Rubtsov Yu.F., Khuzyagaliev A.Kh. Faktory, opredelyayushchie finansovuyu investitsionnuyu politiku v zhilishchno-kommunal'nom khozyaystve [The Factors Determining Financial Investment Policy in Housing and Utility Services]. Zhilishchnoe i kommunal'noe khozyaystvo [Housing and Utility Services]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 28—31.
  5. Rutkauskas T.K. Issledovanie konkurentnoy sredy rynka zhilishchno-kommunal'nykh uslug [Research into the Competitive Environment of the Housing and Utilities Market]. Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Construction Economics]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 11—19.
  6. Ryakhovskaya A.N., Tagi-Zade F.G. Tarifnaya politika v sfere ZhKKh v nachale XXI veka // Zhilishchnoe i kommunal'noe khozyaystvo. 2008. ¹ 10. S. 37—39.
  7. Ryakhovskaya A.N., Tagi-Zade F.G. Tarifnaya politika v zhilishchnoy sfere [Pricing Policy in the Housing Sphere]. Zhilishchnoe i kommunal'noe khozyaystvo [Housing and Utility Services]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 27—33.
  8. Simionova Yu.F. Ekonomika zhilishchno-kommunal'nogo khozyaystva [Housing and Utility Services Economy]. Rostov on Don, MarT Publ., 2004.
  9. Kruglik S.I. Investitsii v ZhKKh: vybor puti [Investments into Housing and Utility Services: Way Choice]. Natsional'nye proekty [National Projects]. 2007, no. 9, pp. 38—39.
  10. Ivanova Yu.V. Razvitie zhilishchno-kommunal'nogo kompleksa: aspekt ekonomiko-matematicheskogo modelirovaniya [Housing and Utility Complex Development: Aspect of Economic and Mathematical Modeling]. Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Construction Economy]. 2006, no. 3, pp. 2—13.
  11. Hammer M., Champy J. Reengineering the Corporation: A Manifesto for Business Revolution. N. Y., Harper Collins, 1994.
  12. Kerzner H.R. Project Management: a System Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling. N. Y., 1995.
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Analysis of different schemes of dispatching in mixed-use complexes

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Dement'eva Marina Evgen'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Technical Operation of Buildings, engineer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vishnevetskiy Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Master degree student, engineer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 203-209

At present time a lot of multi-functional centers are being built. Their safe operation depends on the quality of the dispatch service. In the article were considered various organization scheme the dispatch service as a queuing system. All the service facilities in the first variant are united. That facilitates reliability management, but increases the time of works execution. There is the general dispatching center in the second version, but the performers of the work are distributed by zones of a multifunctional complex. In such organization of a dispatching service the dispatcher must have a very high qualification. In the third version there are independent dispatching centers and the performers for each zone of a multifunctional complex. Independent service facilities increase the reliability because of complete redundancy. But thus the operating costs considerably increase. Engineering equipment damage was analyzed depending on functional purpose. The authors present the mathematical model of efficiency complex index of the dispatch service. The influence of the nature of damage was established as random factors of the time and cost needed for the damage elimination. It is possible to calculate the efficiency indicator of dispatching service by solving a two-criteria task in the conditions of uncertainty and risk. The first criterion is the execution time of the call. It depends on the type of damage and efficiency of dispatching service employees. The second criterion is the costs of the organization of dispatching service work. The main objective is the determination of ponderability of each criterion. Their importance can be set by the expert assessments method of the poll results of the consumers and also by opinions of service professionals. Further researches will include the assessment of organization expediency of one or several dispatch centers taking into account all the costs on the work organization.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.203-209

References
  1. Gusakova E.A., Kulikova E.N., Efimenko A.Z., Kas’yanov V.F. Modeli i podkhody k upravleniyu developerskimi proektami [Models of and Approaches to Management of Real Estate Development Projects]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 253—259.
  2. Pantyushin V., Shkarpetina M. Perspektivy developmenta MFK v Ukraine [Prospects of Development of MUC in Ukraine]. Malls vse o torgovoy nedvizhimosti [Malls All about Retail Property]. Available at: http://www.malls.ua/content/articles/index.php?article=450. Date of access: 17.06.13.
  3. Mnogofunktsional'nye kompleksy Moskvy [Mixed-use Complexes of Moscow]. Informatsionnyy portal V2V Autsorsing [Information Portal V2V Outsourcing]. Available at: http://www.b2bos.ru/article/456. Date of access: 18.06.13.
  4. Dement'eva M.E., Vishnevetskiy A.D. Osobennosti upravleniya i ekspluatatsii mnogofunktsional'nymi kompleksami [Features of Management and Exploitation of Multifunctional Complexes]. Stroitel'stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel'nosti: 15 Mezhdunarodnaya mezhvuzovskaya konferentsiya studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh, 25—27 aprelya 2012 g. [15th International Interuniversity Conference for Students, Master Degree Students, Postgraduate Students and Young Scientists «Construction — Forming Living Environment». 25—27 April 2012]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, pp. 746—748.
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Housing stock of the Ukraine: composition, structure, statistics

Vestnik MGSU 9/2013
  • Pinchak Liliana Anatol'evna - Ivan Franko Lviv National University (LNU named after Ivan Franko) 1 Universitetskaya st., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine, Ivan Franko Lviv National University (LNU named after Ivan Franko), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 118-124

The author considers the state of the housing market in the Ukraine, the expediency of the new legislation contemplating compilation of the unified state register of households in need of better housing conditions. The structure, statistics, and values characterizing the condition of the housing stock of the Ukraine and the residential housing provided to certain categories of the population of the Ukraine has proven that the housing needs of the Ukrainian population remain unsatisfied. The analysis of the housing market is performed to assess the government policy and the outcome of housing-related reforms in the country. The domestic practice of solving housing problems in the Soviet style was based on a system of state funding and free distribution of state-funded housing. Today many Ukrainian households have no access to the housing market, even when state support and various socio-economic housing programs are available because of harsh mortgage conditions and high RE prices. Therefore, the objective of the research consists in the analysis of the housing register aimed at the identification of the reasons for the deficiency of the housing stock and liquidation of its deficiency in the future. The research performed by the author has proven that the conclusions made independently by various researchers and scholars coincide, and RE market regularities and phenomena, specified in the national legislation, are properly understood by the market players. The housing market development continues within the legal framework. In the course of the last 12 years the number of Ukrainian households registered as those in need of better housing conditions has gone down, although the housing stock accrues every year.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.9.118-124

References
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  2. Martynenko V.F. Evolyutsiya gosudarstvennogo upravleniya na rubezhe epokh [Evolution of the Government Management at the Turn of the Epochs]. Innovatsii [Innovations]. 2007, no. 8, pp. 64—66.
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Legislative and regulatory support of apartment buildings management

Vestnik MGSU 6/2014
  • Prokof'ev Konstantin Yur'evich - Pskov State University (PskovSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management, Pskov State University (PskovSU), 2 Lenina Square, Pskov, 180000; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 137-146

In the article the main legislation regulating apartment houses management activities is reviewed. Standards of apartment houses management are considered: the organization of rendering services and the performance of work, the services and the works provided, interaction with public authorities and local governments on the questions connected with a management of an apartment house. The documents, in which the requirements to providing favorable and safe conditions of accommodation of citizens in apartment houses, which have to be provided by means of technical service, are stated. The documents establishing the need to provide reliability and safety of apartment houses are considered; safety for life and health of citizens; safety and availability of using property; constant readiness of engineering communications and other equipment for providing utilities; observance of requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation on energy saving and on increasing power efficiency, etc. The documents governing the relations on providing utilities to owners and users of rooms in apartment houses are also considered, as well as the rules of granting, the order of the payment size establishing for utilities and changes in payment size when granting their inadequate quality; implementation of calculations and the conclusion of contracts of subjects of management in apartment houses with the utilities organization. Legislative requirements to the local governments’ activities are determined by creation of good conditions for apartment houses management. The evolution of legislative and regulatory support of apartment houses management is investigated. The conclusion of its dynamic development is drawn in all the activities connected to apartment houses management.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.6.137-146

References
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  2. Puķīte I. The Potential of Apartment House Management. Proceedings of the International Conference: The Seventh Year as European Union Member States: Economics, Politics, Law. Riga, Baltic Centre for Strategic Studies, Latvian Academy of Sciences, 2011, pp. 114—126.
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  8. Tsakhoev A.N. Istoriya rossiyskogo zakonodatel'stva ob upravlenii mnogokvartirnymi domami [History of the Russian Legislation on Multiapartment Houses Management]. Vestnik Mezhdunarodnogo instituta ekonomiki i prava [Proceedings of the International Institute of Economy and Law]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 153—161.
  9. Kobzhitskaya N.Z., Kobzhitskiy A.V. Nekotorye pravovye voprosy upravleniya mnogokvartirnymi domami [Some Legal Issues of Apartment Houses Management]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2014, no. 1 (84), pp. 206—210.
  10. Kuz'mina O.A. Problemy opredeleniya ponyatiya mnogokvartirnogo doma v ramkakh deystvuyushchego zakonodatel'stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Problems of Apartment House Definition in Frames of Legislation in Force]. Obshchestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo [Society: Politics, Economy, Law]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 53—56.
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  12. Chelyshev M.Yu. O kontseptsii razvitiya zakonodatel'stva ob upravlenii mnogokvartirnymi domami [On the Development Concept of the Legislation on Apartment Houses Management]. Nauka i obrazovanie: khozyaystvo i ekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie [Science and Education: Economy; Business; Law and Management]. 2012, no. 8 (27), pp. 107—112.
  13. Prokof'ev K.Yu. Model' munitsipal'nogo virtual'nogo biznes-inkubatora kak elementa «sobstvennoy» infrastruktury podderzhki sub"ektov rynka uslug po upravleniyu mnogokvartirnymi domami [Model of Municipal Virtual Business Incubator as an Element of "Own" Infrastructure of Support of the Services Market Subjects in Apartment Houses Management]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Proceedings of the Voronezh State University. Series: Economy and Management]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 114—117.
  14. Prokof'ev K.Yu. Razvitoe samoupravlenie v zhilishchnoy sfere kak odno iz usloviy formirovaniya konkurentnogo rynka uslug po upravleniyu mnogokvartirnymi domami [Developed Self-government in the Housing Sphere as One of Conditions for the Competitive Market of Services Formation in Apartment Houses Management]. Vestnik INZhEKONa. Seriya: Ekonomika [Proceedings of Saint Petersburg State Engineering and Economic University. Series: Economy]. 2012, no. 5 (56), pp. 326—329.
  15. Prokof'ev K.Yu. Upravlenie mnogokvartirnymi domami na rynke zhilishchnokommunal'nykh uslug (na primere g. Pskova) [Management of Apartment Houses on the Market of Housing-and-Municipal Services (on the Example of Pskov)]. Ekonomika i upravlenie [Economy and Management]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 58—62.

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DRINKING WATER PURIFICATION FROM STRONTIUM BY THE FILTRATION METHOD USING CLINOPTILOLITE

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Shcherbakov Vladimir Ivanovich - Voronezh State Technical University (VSTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Department of Hydraulics, Voronezh State Technical University (VSTU), 14 Moscow Avenue, Voronezh, Russian Federation, 394026.
  • Al'-Amri Zaed Sadik Abrahem - Voronezh State Technical University (VSTU) Graduate Student of Department of Hydraulics, Water Supply and Water Disposal, Voronezh State Technical University (VSTU), 14 Moscow Avenue, Voronezh, Russian Federation, 394026.
  • Mikhaylin Aleksey Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Senior Lecturer of the Department of Water Supply and Water Disposal, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.

Pages 457-463

At present, the term “water hardness” is used to describe the total concentration of calcium, magnesium, and strontium in equivalent terms. Strontium is close to calcium by its chemical properties but differs from it dramatically by the biological effect. Long-term use of water with an increased content of strontium (Sr) leads to the development of various diseases among the population. Especially, it is dangerous for children. Strontium refers to the sanitary-toxicological hazard class by the limiting harmfulness indicator. The aim of the studies was to determine the effectiveness of stable strontium sorption on clinoptilolite in conditions of increased groundwater hardness. Based on experimental studies on the laboratory clinoptilolite filter, the output dependences of the residual concentration of hardness and strontium in the filtrate on the relative volumes of the filtrated water were plotted. As a result of the research, positive results of application of clinoptilolite of Kholinsky deposit were obtained.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.457-463

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ESTIMATION OF SEISMIC STABILITY OF THE HOUSING STOCK OF STAVROPOL TERRITORY

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Pshenichkina Valeriya Aleksandrovna - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Building Structures, Foundations and Structure Safety, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, Russian Federation, 400074.
  • Ekba Sergey Igorevich - "North-Caucasus Federal University" Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (NSFU branch in Pyatigorsk) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Construction, "North-Caucasus Federal University" Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (NSFU branch in Pyatigorsk), 56 40 Years of October prosp., Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation, 357500.
  • Sidyakin Pavel Alekseevich - "North-Caucasus Federal University" Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (NSFU branch in Pyatigorsk) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Construction, "North-Caucasus Federal University" Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (NSFU branch in Pyatigorsk), 56 40 Years of October prosp., Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation, 357500.
  • Shchitov Dmitry Viktorovich - "North-Caucasus Federal University" Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (NSFU branch in Pyatigorsk) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Construction, "North-Caucasus Federal University" Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (NSFU branch in Pyatigorsk), 56 40 Years of October prosp., Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation, 357500.

Pages 452-456

In article, the seismic stability of the housing stock of cities of Stavropol Territory are analyzed and estimated. Comparison of existing regulatory documents, requirements for earthquake-proof construction, standards and technologies used in various years has allow to establish that more than half of multi-apartment residential buildings in the Stavropol Territory does not comply with current standards. During constructing these housing stock, there were used various construction technologies and materials that were relevant for specific years of construction, while various design and construction requirements in seismic regions were in effect. Consequently, a systematic approach is needed to determine the current technical condition of residential buildings, social buildings, and industrial facilities, primarily built before 1982. Based on these studies, it will be possible to determine the existing seismic resource of construction sites, as well as a set of economically feasible measures to bring buildings in accordance with the current requirements of seismic stability.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.452-456

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