Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2015/4

Vestnik MGSU 2015/4

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4

Articles count - 17

Pages - 165

Education and science of MGSU - to energy construction

  • Aniskin Nikolay Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director, Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Power Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 5-6

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Structural value of Yerevan streets

  • Avetisyan Arsen Grantovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) postgraduate student, Department of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Reconstruction of Historical-Architectural Heritage, Fine Arts and History, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0010, Republic of Armenia; +3 (749) 373-39-85; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-14

The absence of the methods of urban analysis in the process of urban development of Yerevan is the reason of urban planning activities that tend to decrease the urban value of Yerevan territories. Meanwhile the studies in the sphere of urban planning and urban analysis prove the dependence of the life in the city on its structure and distribution of the functions. The mentioned issue highlights the importance of urban analysis. The paper discusses space syntax, which is one of the initial methods of urban analysis. The basic concept of Space syntax is based on the assumption that urban fabric can be presented and studied as a power graph. The method provides the measures that evaluate the land use, traffic and pedestrian movement, land value and even carbon emissions. The paper discusses also recent attempts of integration of space syntax method into GIS environment. GIS databases provide researchers with vast amount of urban data. Analyses presented in the current paper were performed on the basis of the open street map, which was imported from the GIS environment. With the application of space syntax methods analysis of connectivity, integration choice (betweenness) and depth from the city center were performed to evaluate the structural value of Yerevan streets. Municipal regions of Yerevan were classified by the level of their accessibility and by their distances from the city center on the base of the results of depth measures from the city center. Evaluation of the street network aims to define the most integrated and centrally positioned parts of the city. These areas can be locations for the organization of sub centers of Yerevan in the municipal regions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.7-14

References
  1. Agarwal P. Walter Christaller: Hierarchical Patterns of Urbanization. Available at: http://www.csiss.org/classics/content/67. Date of access: 01.02.2015. 2. Hillier B., Hanson J. The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1984. Available at: http://www.google.am/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=6&ved=0CC4QFjAF&url=http%3A%2F%2Ftraumwerk.stanford.edu%2Fprojects%2FStanfordArchaeologicalTheory%2Fadmin%2Fdownload.html%3Fattachid%3D338901&ei=NQDwVMHsIoPAPL_1gKgI&usg=AFQjCNFl9jBj0FGDoK-q3cgEf5u-NNs84w&bvm=bv.87269000,d.ZWU&cad=rja. Date of access: 05.02.2015.
  2. Mcloughlin J.B. Urban & Regional Planning: A Systems Approach. Faber and Faber, London, 1969. Available at: http://documents.irevues.inist.fr/handle/2042/30156. Date of access: 05.02.2015.
  3. Beck M.P., Turkienicz B. Visibility and Permeability Complementary Syntactical Attributes of Wayfinding. Seventhth International Space Syntax Symposium. Stockholm, 2009, no. 009, pp. 1—7. Available at: http://www.google.am/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB8QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Fprofile%2FMateus_Beck%2Fpublication%2F237214685_Complementary_Syntactical_Attributes_of_Wayfinding%2Flinks%2F0c960525f2119a74a8000000.pdf&ei=3gfwVP-4EI6CPf3BgMgF&usg=AFQjCNEPDV1pJotMOyJPcVxv1u-kNfcwCw&bvm=bv.87269000,d.ZWU&cad=rja. Date of access: 06.02.2015.
  4. Turner A. Depthmap 4: a Researcher’s Handbook. Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, UCL, London 2004. Available at: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk /2651/1/2651.pdf. Date of access: 08.02.2015.
  5. An Introduction to Centrality Measures. Available at: https://sites.google.com/site/networkanalysisacourse/schedule/an-introduction-to-centrality-measures. Date of access: 10.02.2015.
  6. Mascolo C. Social and Technological Network Analysis Lecture 3: Centrality Measures and Community Detection. University of Cambridge. Available at: http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~cm542/teaching/2011/stna-pdfs/stna-lecture3.pdf. Date of access: 08.02.2015.
  7. Space Syntax General Practice. Brochure. Available at: http://www.spacesyntax.com/. Date of access: 08.02.2015.
  8. Charalambous N., Mavridou M. Space Syntax: Spatial Integration Accessibility and Angular Segment Analysis by Metric Distance (ASAMeD). Accessibility Instruments for Planning Practice. COST Office, 2012, pp. 57—62. Available at: http://www.accessibilityplanning.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/3-ASAMeD-R.pdf. Date of access: 27.02.2015.
  9. Chiaradia A.J., Schwander C., Gil J., Friedrich E. Mapping the Intangible Value of Urban Layout (I-VALUL): Developing a Tool Kit for the Socio-Economic Valuation of Urban Area, for Designers and Decision Makers. 2008, pp. 1—16. Available at:
  10. http://www.academia.edu/454889/Mapping_the_intangible_value_of_urban_layout_i-VALUL_Developing_a_tool_kit_for_the_socio-economic_valuation_of_urban _areas_for_designers_and_decision_makersю Date of access: 15.02.2015.
  11. Tahar B., Brown F. The Visibility Graph: An Approach for the Analysis of Traditional Domestic M’zabite. 4th International Space Syntax Symposium London. 2003, no. 56, pp. 56.1—56.18. Available at: http://www.spacesyntax.net/symposia-archive/SSS4/fullpapers/56Tahar-Brownpaper.pdf. Date of access: 14.02.2015.
  12. Lee S., Seo K.W. Combining Space Syntax with Gis-Based Built Environment Measures in Pedestrian Walking Activity. Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium Seoul, Sejong University. 2013, no. 098, pp. 1—13. Available at: http://www.sss9.or.kr/paperpdf/ussecp/sss9_2013_ref098_p.pdf. Date of access: 16.02.2015.
  13. Jiang B., Claramunt C., Klarqvist B. Integration of Space Syntax into GIS for Modelling Urban Spaces. Available at: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/ down-load?doi=10.1.1.25.6612&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Date of access: 25.02.2015.
  14. SP 42.13330.2011. Gradostroitel’stvo. Planirovka i zastroyka gorodskikh i sel’skikh poseleniy. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 2.07.01—89* [Requirements SP 42.13330.2011. Urban Development. Planning and Building in Urban and Rural Settlements. Advanced Edition of Construction Norms SNiP 2.07.01—89*]. Elektronnyy fond pravovoy i normativno-tekhnicheskoy dokumentatsii [Electronic Fund of Legislative and Normative-Technical Documentation]. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200084712/. Date of access: 25.02.2015. (In Russian)
  15. Turner A. Angular Analysis: A Method for the Quantification of Space. Center for Advanced Spatial Analysis. London. 2000, no. 23, pp. 1—20. Available at: https://www.bartlett.ucl.ac.uk/casa/pdf/paper23.pdf. Date of access: 27.02.2015.
  16. Turner A. Angular Analysis. 3rd International Space Syntax Symposium. Atlanta. 2001, no. 30, pp. 1—11. Available at: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/bartlett/3sss/papers _pdf/30_Turner_angular.pdf.Date of access: 24.01.2015.
  17. Klarqvist B. A Space Syntax Glossary. Nordisk Arkitekturf Orskning. 1993. Available at: http://www.urbanidades.arq.br/docs/posarq/sintaxe/space-syntax-glossary-bjorn-klarqvist-1993.pdf. Date of access: 07.02.2015.
  18. Varoudis T., Law S., Karimi K., Hillier B., Penn A. Space Syntax Angular Betweenness Centrality Revisited. Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium Seoul: Sejong University. 2013, no. 057, pp. 1—16. Available at: http://www.sss9.or.kr/paperpdf/mmd/SSS9_2013_REF057_P.pdf. Date of access: 20.02.2015.
  19. Park H. Before Integration: A Critical Review of Integration Measure in Space Syntax. Available at: http://spacesyntax.tudelft.nl/media/longpapers2/hoontaepark.pdf. Date of access: 16.02.2015.
  20. Jiang B. Ranking Spaces for Predicting Human Movement in an Urban Environment. 2008, pp. 1—11. Available at: http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0612/ 0612011.pdf. Date of access: 17.02.2015.
  21. Kong E.M., Kim Y.O. Development of Spatial Index Based on Visual Analysis to Predict Sales. Eighth International Space Syntax Symposium Santiago de Chile. 2012, no. 8076, pp. 1—13. Available at: http://www.sss9.or.kr/paperpdf/mmd/ SSS9_2013_REF057_P.pdf. Date of access: 23.02.2015.

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Interpretation features of classical orders of Vincenzo Brenna in the architecture of St. Petersburg of the late 18th century

  • Voznyak Ekaterina Ryurikovna - Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural and Town-Planning Heritage, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya str., Saint Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 15-25

The article analyzes the architectural details and column orders construction of an outstanding architect of Pavlovsk’s classicism Vincenzo Brenna. Architectural forms creation is an important but not well investigated area in the history of architecture. Knowledge of architectural elements enables us to better understand and explore the creativity of the architect, which is necessary for époque identifying and determining the authenticity of a monument and its elements. The name of Vincenzo Brenna stands apart among the architects of the late 18th century. Works of Brenna are significantly different from the works of the other architects of the period of strict classicism. His works were severely criticized and were almost forgotten, the authorship was disputable and the projects were fathered to other architects. Though the art works of Brenna are very significant for the image of Saint Petersburg. The article identifies individual elements of architectural decisions in the orders and decorations of Brenna’s facades manifested in the Baroque freedom of drawing elements order in combination with the classical solution rigor.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.15-25

References
  1. Grabar’ I.E. Istoriya russkogo iskusstva. T. 3. Peterburgskaya arkhitektura v XVIII i XIX veke [History of Russian Art. Vol. 3. Architecture of Saint Petersburg in 18th and 19th Century]. Moscow, I. Knebel’ Publ., 1912, 584 p. (In Russian)
  2. Lansere N.E. Vinchentso Brenna [Vincenzo Brenna]. Saint Petersburg, Kolo Publ., 2006, 286 p. (In Russian)
  3. Shvidkovskiy D.O. Arkhitekturnaya sud’ba Pavla I [Architectural Destiny of Paul I]. Rossiya v kraskakh [Russia in Colors]. Available at: http://ricolor.org/history/mn/pv/arh/. Date of access: 12.01.2015. (In Russian)
  4. Shvidkovskiy D.O. Anglo-russkie svyazi v arkhitekture vtoroy poloviny XVIII — nachala XIX stoletiya : avtoreferat dissertatsii doktora iskusstvovedeniya [Britain-Russia Relations in the Architecture of the Second Half of 18 — Early 19 Century : Thesis of the Doctor of Art Criticism]. Moscow, VNIITAG Publ., 1994, 47 p. (In Russian)
  5. Shuyskiy V.K. Vinchentso Brenna [Vincenzo Brenna]. Zodchie Sankt-Peterburga. XVIII vek [Architects of Saint Petersburg. 18th Century]. Saint Petersburg, 1997, pp. 770—827. (In Russian)
  6. Shuyskiy V.K. Zolotoy vek barokko i klassitsizma v Sankt-Peterburge [Golden Age of Baroque and Classicism in Saint Petersburg]. Moscow, Tsentrpoligraf Publ.; Saint Petersburg, MIM-Del’ta Publ., 2008, 288 p. (In Russian)
  7. Shvidkovskiy D.O., Revzina Yu.E. Kogda rodilas’ klassicheskaya arkhitektura i est’ li u nee budushchee? [When the Classical Architecture was Born and What Kind of Future Doest it Have?]. Dom Burganova. Prostranstvo kul’tury [The House of Burganov. Cultural Space]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 15—32. (In Russian)
  8. Vin’ola Dzh. Pravilo pyati orderov arkhitektury : sbornik [The Rool of Five Orders in the Architecture]. Translated from Italian. Moscow, Vsesoyuznaya akademiya arkhitektury Publ., 1939, 168 p. (Klassiki teorii arkhitektury [Classics of Architectural Theory]). (In Russian)
  9. Palladio A. Chetyre knigi ob arkhitekture [Four Books on Architecture]. Translated from Italian. by I.V. Zholtovskiy. Reprint. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989, 350 p. (In Russian)
  10. Barabanova O.A. Dzhakomo Kvarengi i Klod-Nikolya Ledu [Giacomo Quarenghi and Claude-Nicolas Ledoux]. Izvestiya Ural’skogo federal’nogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Gumanitarnye nauki [News of the Ural Federal University. Series 2. Humanities]. 2006, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 119—130. (In Russian)
  11. Ketova K.S. Istoriograficheskiy obzor i analiz stepeni izuchennosti biografii grafa F.B. Rastrelli [Historiographical Review and Analysis of Exploration Degree of Count F.B. Rastrelli Biography]. Zhurnal nauchnykh publikatsiy aspirantov i doktorantov [Journal of Scientific Publications of Postgraduate and Doctoral Srudents]. 2011, no. 4 (58), pp. 40—43. (In Russian)
  12. Blondel F. Cours d’architecture. Paris, 1675—1683. Available at: http://archgrafika.ru/news/francois_blondel_cours_d_architecture_enseigne_dans_l_academie_royale_d_architecture/2008-11-11-18. Date of access: 12.01.2015.
  13. Blondel J.-F. Cours d’Architecture ou traite de la decoration, distribution et construction de batimens. Paris, vol. 9, pp. 1771—1777. Available at: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k857044. Date of access: 12.01.2015.
  14. Laugier M.-A. Essay on Architecture. Paris, 1755. Available at: https://archive.org/stream/essayonarchitect00laugrich#page/n7/mode/2up. Date of access: 12.01.2015.
  15. Shvidkovskiy D.O. Puti razvitiya rossiyskoy arkhitektury [Ways of Russian Architectural Development]. Prostranstvo i Vremya [Space and Time]. 2013, no. 1 (11), pp. 103—116. (In Russian)
  16. Shvidkovskiy D.O. Ekaterina II i Pavel I : Politicheskie otnosheniya v arkhitekture [Katherine II and Paul I : Political Relations in Architecture]. Istoricheskiy zhurnal: nauchnye issledovaniya [Historical Journal: Scientific Investigations]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 84—94. (In Russian)
  17. Sementsov S.V. Etapy formirovaniya prostranstvennoy sredy Sankt-Peterburga [Stages of Space Environment Formation in Saint Peterburg]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Proceedings of Civil Engineers]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 15—20. (In Russian)
  18. Nikiforova L.V. Kul’turnaya istoriya ordera: muzhskoe/zhenskoe v obrazakh ordernoy arkhitektury XVIII stoletiya [Cultural History of the Order: Male/Female in Order Architecture Forms of the 18th Century]. Obshchestvo. Sreda. Razvitie [Society. Environment. Development]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 158—162. (In Russian)
  19. Lebedeva G.S. Arkhitekturnaya teoriya Vitruviya [Architectural Theory of Vitruvius]. Iskusstvoznanie [Art Criticism]. 2009, no. 3—4, pp. 5—34. (In Russian)
  20. Kal’nitskaya E.Ya. Tsvetnoy kamen’ v istorii i restavratsii Mikhaylovskogo zamka [Colored Stones in History and Restoration of St. Michael’s Castle]. Izvestiya Ural’skogo federal’nogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Gumanitarnye nauki [News of the Ural Federal University. Series 2. Humanities]. 2008, vol. 59, no. 16, pp. 259—269. (In Russian)
  21. Mikhaylovskiy zamok. Restavratsiya i novye proekty v istoricheskikh inter’erakh [St. Michael’s Castle. Restoration and New Projects in Historical Interiors]. Vestnik. Zodchiy. 21 vek [Bulletin. Architect. 21st Century]. 2014, no. 4 (53), pp. 60—65. (In Russian)

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Space planning decisions for the residential buildings of mass series after reconstruction for extended families and family groups of Central Asia (on the example of Tajikistan)

  • Usmonov Shukhrat Zaurovich - Khujand Politechnic Institute of Tajik Technical University by academic M. Osimi (PITTU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Khujand Politechnic Institute of Tajik Technical University by academic M. Osimi (PITTU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 226 Lenina st., Khujand, 735700, Tajikistan; applicant, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 26-38

The current need for additional domestic accommodation has necessitated the formation of new housing types for different categories of families in terms of affordability and market requirements. In particular, the demand for apartments can be met by the renovation of Soviet pre-cast concrete residential blocks. Firstly, there is a need to quantify the growth of the elderly population and the ever-increasing desire to preserve friendly relations between the generations based on Tajik tradition. Secondly, there is a need to design special residential units intended for the resettlement of extended families, family groups and families consisting of several generations. The renovation of the old Soviet buildings will reduce not only the physical deterioration of a building by complete or partial replacement of individual structures, but will also eliminate obsolescence as a result of internal redesign and enhancement of a building. An analysis of the space-planning and structure of a residential building will establish the degree of obsolescence, as well as address the question of reconstruction as a dwelling for extended families through the partial redevelopment of apartments. Such redevelopment would increase the area of common rooms to include insulated terraces and loggias, the removal of some partitions and the conservation of existing sanitary cells. This article deals with the reconstruction of large apartment buildings based on Soviet mass-produced residential block series TTZH 1-464-AC-3, which is dwelling for extended families consisting of several generations. The article proposes 4 different options for redevelopment. These options will increase the living space of the reconstructed residential building from 25 to 35 %, and will increase the population density in all dwellings by 50 %. The intention is to improve space-planning of mass-produced residential blocks, series TTZH 1-464-AC-3, in order to match the demographic characteristics of Tajikistan for extended families and family groups.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.26-38

References
  1. Usmonov Sh.Z. Modelirovanie energeticheskikh zatrat na otoplenie i okhlazhdenie 5-etazhnogo zhilogo doma i otsenka temperaturnykh usloviy po indeksam teplovogo komforta PMV i PPD [Simulation of Energy Demand for Heating and Cooling of a 5-Storey Residential Building and Evaluation of Thermal Conditions Based on PMV and PPD Thermal Comfort Indices]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 10, pp. 216—229. (In Russian)
  2. Karakova T.V., Ryzhikova E.V. Aktual’nost’ rekonstruktsii industrial’nogo zhilishcha 60-kh gg. v Rossii [Reconstruction Currency of Industrial Dwelling of the 60s in Russia]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Urban Planning and Architecture]. 2014, vol. 1 (14), pp. 36—39. (In Russian)
  3. Karakova T.V. Formoobrazovanie v dizayn-kompozitsii [Shaping in Design-Composition]. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [News of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2009, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 22—25. (In Russian)
  4. Karakova T.V. Videoekologiya: svetodizayn gorodskogo prostranstva [Video Ecology: Light Design of City Space]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Proceedings of Civil Engineers]. 2010, no. 4 (25), pp. 16—19. (In Russian)
  5. Semenova E.E., Tyuterev A.A. Issledovanie zavisimosti energoeffektivnosti zdaniya ot geometricheskoy formy [Investigation of the Dependence of a Building Energy Efficiency from Geometrical Shape]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Vysokie tekhnologii. Ekologiya [Scientific Proceedings of Voronezh State Architectural and Construction University. Series: High Technologies. Ecology]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 102—104. (In Russian)
  6. Nigmatow I.I., Usmonow Sch.S., Sinnesbichler H., Antretter F. Rechnerische Bewertung von Dämmmassnahmen an Wohngebäuden in Tadschikistan am Beispiel des Gebietes um Sogd / Fraunhofer-institut für Bauphysik IBP. IBP-Mitteilung. 2012, no. 39 (519). Available at: http://www.ibp.fraunhofer.de/content/dam/ibp/de/documents/Publikationen/IBP-Mitteilung/IM_519-2012_web_tcm45-1035012.pdf. Date of access: 12.01.2015.
  7. Santin O.G., Itard L., Visscher H. The Effect of Occupancy and Building Characteristics on Energy Use for Space and Water Heating in Dutch Residential Stock. Energy and Buildings. 2009, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1223—1232.
  8. Banfi S., Farsi M., Filippini M., Jakob M. Willingness to Pay for Energy-Saving Measures in Residential Buildings. Energy Economics. March 2008, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 503—516.
  9. Pérez-Lombard L., Ortiz J., Pout C. A Review on Buildings Energy Consumption Information. Energy and Buildings. 2008, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 394—398. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2007.03.007.
  10. Savin V.K. Energoeffektivnost’ naruzhnykh konstruktsiy zdaniy [Energy Efficiency of Outer Structures of a Building]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Efficiency]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 63—65. (In Russian)
  11. Afonin A., Storozhkov A., Sharoukhova V., Koval’ N. Metodika provedeniya energeticheskikh obsledovaniy predpriyatiy i organizatsiy [Methods of Energy Inspections of Enterprises and Organizations]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Efficiency]. 1999, no. 1, pp. 6—18. (In Russian)
  12. Velikanov N.L., Koryagin S.I. Energoeffektivnost’ zhilishchnogo fonda regiona [Energy Efficiency of Regional Housing Stock]. Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa [Technical and Technological Problems of Service]. 2014, no. 3 (29), pp. 96—100. (In Russian)
  13. Kozachun G.U., Lapko N.A. Ob”emno-planirovochnye resheniya kvartir i krizis na rynke zhil’ya [Space and Planning Decisions of Flats and Crisis on Housing Market]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2009, no. 11, pp. 20—23. (In Russian)
  14. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. O kompleksnom pokazatele teplovoy zashchity obolochki zdaniya [On Complex Indicator of Building Envelope Thermal Protection]. AVOK: Ventilyatsiya, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie vozdukha, teplosnabzhenie i stroitel’naya fizika [ABOK: Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, Heat Supply and Building Thermal Physics]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 52—61. (In Russian)
  15. Bushov A.V. Ob”emno-planirovochnoe reshenie i ego vliyanie na energoeffektivnost’ i mikroklimat pomeshcheniya [Space-Planning Decision and its Influence on Energy Efficiency and Microclimate of a Premise]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 251—252. (In Russian)
  16. Kartashova K.K. Rekonstruktsiya gorodskogo zhilishcha s uchetom sovremennykh sotsial’nykh potrebnostey [Reconstruction of City Housing with Account for Contemporary Social Needs]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2003, no. 7, pp. 125—131. (In Russian)
  17. Savin V.K., Sankin I.V., Savina N.V. Ob”emno-planirovochnye resheniya, ekologiya i energeticheskaya effektivnost’ zdaniy [Space-Planning Decisions, Ecology and Energy Efficiency of Buildings]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 363—366. (In Russian)
  18. Mikhaylin M.V., Solov’ev A.K. Metodika podbora energosberegayushchikh arkhitekturnykh i tekhnologicheskikh resheniy pri rekonstruktsii zdaniy [Methods of Choosing Energy Efficient Architectural and Technological Decisions in the Process of Reconstruction of Buildings]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 95—99. (In Russian)
  19. Chuvilova I.V., Kravchenko V.V. Kompleksnye metody rekonstruktsii i modernizatsii massovoy zhiloy zastroyki [Complex Methods of Reconstruction and Modernization of the Mass of Residential Buildings]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 94—100. (In Russian)
  20. Bulgakov S.N. Energoeffektivnye stroitel’nye sistemy i tekhnologii [Energy Efficient Construction Systems and Technologies]. ABOK. 1999, no. 2, pp. 6—13. (In Russian)

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Soliton-like Lamb waves in elastic layer with negative Poisson ratio

  • Avershyeva Anna Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 39-49

The uniqueness of Lamb waves is in features of their distribution. They are distributed all through a slab or a layer. The Lamb waves may cover great distances. With the help of Lamb waves it is easy to monitor the defects in multilayered slabs and shells. In order to monitor the defects it is necessary to possess the knowledge about the disperse behavior of these waves depending on mechanical characteristics of the analyzed body. Dispersion curves are analyzed for Lamb waves of different modes. The dispersion relations are constructed by the exponential mappings coupled with a 6-dimentional complex Cauchy formalism. For an isotropic medium with negative Poisson’s ratio the dispersion curves are obtained and analyzed, special attention is paid to the zero fundamental symmetric modes. The authors conducted a comparative analysis of the results obtained in disserent literature. The results obtained in the article are confirmed by the asymptotic solutions worked out before.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.39-49

References
  1. Lamb H. On Waves in an Elastic Plate. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character. 1917, no. 93 (648), pp. 114—128.
  2. Viktorov I.A. Fizicheskie osnovy primeneniya ul’trazvukovykh voln Releya i Lemba v tekhnike [Physical Foundations of Rayleigh and Lamb Ultrasonic Waves Application in Technics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, 168 p. (In Russian)
  3. Worlton D.C. Ultrasonic Testing with Lamb Waves. Non-Destructive Testing. 1957, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 218—222.
  4. Guz’ A.N., Zozulya V.V. Neklassicheskie problemy mekhaniki razrusheniya [Non-classical Problems of Fracture Mechanics]. Khrupkoe razrushenie materiala pri dinamicheskikh nagruzkakh [Brittle Fracture of a Material at Dynamic Loads]. Vol. 4, book 2. Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ., 1993, 240 p. (In Russian)
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  8. Djeran-Maigre I., Kuznetsov S.V. Soliton-Like Lamb Waves in Layered. Waves in Fluids and Solids. InTech, 2011, pp. 53—68.
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  11. Andrews J.P. Lamb Wave Propagation in Varying Thermal Environments. USAF, 2007, 201 p.
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  13. Eliseev V.V. Mekhanika uprugikh tel [Mechanics of Elastic Bodies]. Saint Petercburg, SPbGTU Publ., 1999, 341 p. (In Russian)
  14. Kuznetsov S.V. Cauchy Six-Dimensional Formalism for Lamb Waves in Multilayered Plates. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. ISRN Mechanical Engineering. Article ID 698706, 2013, 11 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/698706.
  15. Stroh A.N. Steady State Problems in Anisotropic Elasticity. Journal of Mathematical Physics. 1962, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 77—103.
  16. Shuvalov A.L. On the Theory of Wave Propagation in Anisotropic Plates. Proceedings of the Royal Society A. 2000, vol. 456, issue 2001, pp. 2197—2222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2000.0609.
  17. Ewing W.M., Jardetzky W.S., Press F. Elastic Waves in Layered Media. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New-York, Toronto, London, 1957, 390 p.

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Strength and stability analysis of load-bearing structures of a high-rise building with account for actual positions of reinforced concrete structural members

  • Belostotskiy Aleksandr Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Akimov Pavel Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Computer Sciences and Applied Mathematics, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chief research worker, Research and Educational Center of Computational Simulation of Unique Buildings, Structures and Complexes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-59-94, +7 (499) 929-50-17; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Petryashev Nikolay Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Research and Educational Center of Computational Simulation of Unique Buildings, Structures and Complexes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-59-94, +7 (499) 929-50-17; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Petryashev Sergey Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Research and Educational Center of Computational Simulation of Unique Buildings, Structures and Complexes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-59-94, +7 (499) 929-50-17; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Negrozov Oleg Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Computer Sciences and Applied Mathematics, engineer, Research and Educational Center of Computational Simulation of Unique Buildings, Structures and Complexes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-59-94, +7 (499) 929-50-17; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 50-68

The given paper is devoted to strength and stability analysis of load-bearing structures of a high-rise (54-storey) building with allowance for actual positions of reinforced concrete structural members (columns and walls). Finite element method (FEM) is used for structural analysis. The authors present formulations of problems, governing equations, information about basic three-dimensional finite element models (so-called “design” (ideal) model, the first “actual” model (taking into account the deviations of positions of columns from the project) and the second “actual” model (taking into account the deviations of positions of walls from the project)) of the coupled system “high-rise building - foundation” within ANSYS Mechanical software and their verification, numerical approach to structural analysis and corresponding solvers. Finite element models include mainly 4-node structural shell elements (suitable for analyzing foundation slabs, floor slabs and load-bearing walls) and three-dimensional 2-node beam elements (suitable for analyzing beams and columns), special spring-damper elements and multipoint constraint elements. Detailed finite element mesh on the bottom foundation slab is agreed with the location of piles. The advanced model of Prof. Yu.K. Zaretsky is used for approximation of soil behavior. Construction sequence and various types of nonlinearities are taken into account. The results of modal analysis, static and dynamic analysis with various load combinations (gravity load, facade load, dead (constant) loads, temporary loads, wind load, snow load, crown load etc.) are considered, the results of the regulatory assessment of the strength of structures (obtained with the use of corresponding software in accordance with design codes of the Russian Federation) are under consideration as well. The corresponding displacements, stresses, natural vibration frequencies can be used for research and development of the correct monitoring method of the foundation and load-bearing structures of a high-rise building.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.50-68

References
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  8. Senin N.I., Akimov P.A. Nekotorye matematicheskie osnovy rascheta prostranstvennykh nesushchikh sistem mnogoetazhnykh zdaniy v lineynoy postanovke v ramkakh diskretno-kontinual'noy modeli [Several Mathematical Foundations of Linear Analysis of Three-Dimensional Load-Bearing Systems of Multistory Buildings within Discrete-Continual Model]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 1, pp. 44—50. (In Russian)
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  12. Dong J., Bathe K.J. Component Mode Synthesis with Subspace Iterations for Controlled Accuracy of Frequency and Mode Shape Solutions. Computers & Structures. 2014, vol. 139, pp. 28—32. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2014.03.003.
  13. Jeon H.M., Lee Y., Lee P.S., Bathe K.J. The MITC3+ Shell Element in Geometric Nonlinear Analysis. Computers & Structures. 2015, vol. 146, pp. 91—104. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2014.09.004.
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  19. Kabantsev O.V. Verifikatsiya raschetnoy tekhnologii «Montazh» programmnogo kompleksa «SCAD» [Verification of Calculation Technology “Mounting” from Software Complex “SCAD”]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2011, vol. 7, issue 3, pp. 103—109. (In Russian)
  20. Kabantsev O.V. Metod rascheta mnogoetazhnykh zdaniy s uchetom protsessa izmeneniya raschetnoy skhemy pri razlichnykh rezhimakh raboty raboty [Analysis Methods of Multi-storeyed Buildings with the Allowance for Modification of Structural Design under Various Operation Conditions]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 10, pp. 43—51. (In Russian)
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  24. Aul A.A., Belostotskiy A.M., Krakovskiy M.B. Raschet zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy pri sovmestnom ispol'zovanii programm ANSYS i «OM SNiP Zhelezobeton» [Analysis of Reinforced Structures with the Use of ANSYS Software and “OM Snip Zhelezobeton” Package]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 19—23. (In Russian)
  25. Belokopytova I.A., Kriksunov E.Z., Mikitarenko M.A., Perel'muter M.A. «Arbat» — programma dlya rascheta zhelezobetonnykh stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy [“ARBAT” — Software for Reinforced Building Structures Analysis]. CADmaster. 2001, no. 4 (9), pp. 57—61. (In Russian)
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  27. Perel'muter M.A., Chertkov V.V. O komp'yuternom raschete elementov betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [On Computational Analysis of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  28. Perel'muter M.A., Popok K.V., Skoruk L.N. Raschet shiriny raskrytiya normal'nykh treshchin po SP 63.13330.2012 [Calculation of the Normal Crack Opening Width for SP 63.13330.2012]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 21—22. (In Russian)

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Initial stresses in two-layer metal domes due to imperfections of their production and assemblage

  • Lebed Evgeniy Vasil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Metal Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14 (ext. 30-53); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grigoryan Artem Akopovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Metal Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 69-79

The process of construction of two-layer metal domes is analyzed to illustrate the causes of initial stresses in the bars of their frames. It has been noticed that it is impossible to build such structures with ideal geometric parameters because of imperfections caused by objective reasons. These imperfections cause difficulties in the process of connection of the elements in the joints. The paper demonstrates the necessity of fitting operations during assemblage that involve force fitting and yield initial stresses due to imperfections. The authors propose a special method of computer modeling of enforced elimination of possible imperfections caused by assemblage process and further confirm the method by an analysis of a concrete metal dome.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.69-79

References
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  4. Kharakternye defekty pri vozvedenii metallicheskikh konstruktsiy [Characteristic Defects at Metal Structures Erection]. Stroykontrol’ : byuro nezavisimykh ekspertiz [Construction Control. Independent Expertise Bureau]. Available at: http://www.stroycontrol.ru/content/view/14/37. Date of access: 20.02.2015. (In Russian)
  5. Tur V.I. Kupol’nye konstruktsii: formoobrazovanie, raschet, konstruirovanie, povyshenie effektivnosti [Dome Structures: Morphogenesis, Analysis, Design, Increase in Effectiveness]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 96 p. (In Russian)
  6. Mel’nikov N.P., editor. Metallicheskie konstruktsii (spravochnik proektirovshchiku) [Metal Structures (Reference Book of a Designer)]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 776 p. (In Russian)
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The experience of strengthening reinforced concrete frame by flat capitals, installed on the top of slabs

  • Lyudkovskiy Andrey Mikhaylovich - LLC Scientific Production Center “Reconstruction” Candidate of Technical Sciences, director, LLC Scientific Production Center “Reconstruction”, 1 Avtozavodskaya str., Moscow, 115280, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 80-89

The investigations were conducted of the nodes of reinforced concrete frame after increasing loads. The floor slabs in areas of bearing on the columns were reinforced by upper flat capitals. After the completion of construction works the nodes were tested in construction conditions by test loads exceeding the designed ones. The deflections were measured, disclosure of cracks was recorded in the process of loading. The tests have shown high efficiency of the applied design solutions. The calculations were conducted on the example of reinforced concrete frame of a residential building, the designed loads on which were increased from 9.8 up to 14.0 kPa after completion of construction. Basing on the calculations it was needed to reinforce the nods of slabs’ bearing on the columns, in which there already appeared cracks on the upper surfaces of slabs. It was decided to strengthen the bearing nodes by metal capitals and reinforced concrete footings. The foundations and columns of the building possessed sufficient reserves of bearing capacity.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.80-89

References
  1. Kudryashov C.Yu., Lyudkovskiy A.M. Opyt usileniya plity pokrytiya podzemnoy avtostoyanki armirovannoy nabetonkoy [Experience of Strengthening a Floor Slab of Underground Parking by Reinforced Concrete Footings]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 13—16. (In Russian)
  2. Zolotukhin Yu.D., Barbakadze V.Sh., Gerasimov I.D., Strabakhin N.I. Ispytanie sooruzheniy : spravochnoe posobie [Testing Structures. Reference Book]. Minsk, Vysheyshaya shkola Publ., 1992, 272 p. (In Russian)
  3. Avdeychikov G.V. Ispytanie stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Testing Building Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 160 p. (In Russian)
  4. Lyudkovskiy A.M. O modelirovanii raboty massivnykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov AES pri deystvii kontsentrirovannykh nagruzok [On Modeling Massive Concrete Elements Operation of NPP under the Action of Concentrated Loads]. Voprosy atomnoy nauki i tekhniki. Seriya: Proektirovanie i stroitel’stvo [Problems of Nuclear Science and Technology. Series: Design and Construction]. 1986, no. 3. (In Russian)
  5. Bolgov A.N., Sokurov A.Z., Alekseenko D.V. Prodavlivanie kraynikh uzlov sopryazheniya plita — kolonna, usilennykh vkleennoy poperechnoy armaturoy [Punching of the Hips of the Junctions Slab — Column Reinforced by Glued Transverse Reinforcement]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 11—14. (In Russian)
  6. Bolgov A.N., Sokurov A.Z., Alekseenko D.V. Prodavlivanie promezhutochnykh uzlov sopryazheniya plita — kolonna, usilennykh vkleennoy poperechnoy armaturoy [Punching of the Intermediate Nodes of the Junctions Slab — Column Reinforced by Glued Transverse Reinforcement]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 10—14. (In Russian)
  7. GOST 17624—87. Betony. Ul’trazvukovoy metod opredeleniya prochnosti [Russian State Standard GOST 17624—87. Concretes. Ultrasound Method of Strength Determination]. Elektronnyy fond pravovoy i normativno-tekhnicheskoy dokumentatsii [Electronic Fund of Legislative and Normative-Technical Documentation]. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-17624-87. Date of access: 05.03.2015. (In Russian)
  8. GOST 22690—88. Betony. Opredelenie prochnosti mekhanicheskimi metodami nerazrushayushchego kontrolya [Russian State Standard GOST 22690—88. Concretes. Determining the Strength by Mechanical Methods of Undischatged Control]. Elektronnyy fond pravovoy i normativno-tekhnicheskoy dokumentatsii [Electronic Fund of Legislative and Normative-Technical Documentation]. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-22690-88. Date of access: 05.03.2015. (In Russian)
  9. Tikhonov I.N. Armirovanie elementov i monolitnykh zhelezobetonnykh zdaniy : Posobie po proektirovaniyu [Reinforcement of the Elements and Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Buildings : Manual on Design]. Moscow, FGUP TsPP Publ., 2007, 170 p. (In Russian)
  10. Kapilovskiy V.S., Kriksunov A.Z., Malyarenko A.A., Perel’muter A.V., Perel’muter M.A. SCAD Office. Vychislitel’nyy kompleks SCAD [SCAD Office. Computing System SCAD]. Moscow, SKAD SOFT Publ., 2007, 592 p. (In Russian)
  11. Gvozdev A.A., Baykov V.N. K voprosu o povedenii zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy v stadii blizkoy k razrusheniyu [On the Question of Reinforced Concrete Structures Operation in a Stage Close to Destruction]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1977, no. 9, pp. 22—24. (In Russian)
  12. Maniskevich E.S., Morozenskiy V.L., Pyzhov Yu.K. Prochnost’ na prodavlivanie opornykh zon perekrytiy, vozvodimykh metodom pod”ema [Punching Shear Strength of the Support Zones of the Slabs, Constructed by the Method of Lifting]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1982, no. 4, pp. 21—22. (In Russian)
  13. SNiP 2.01.07—85. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya [Construction Norms SNiP 2.01.07—85. Loads and Impacts]. Elektronnaya biblioteka dokumentov [Electronic Library of Documents]. Available at: http://focdoc.ru/down/o-1842.html. Date of access: 05.03.2015. (In Russian)
  14. SP 20.13330.2011. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 2.01.07—85* [Requirements SP 20.13330.2011. Loads and Impacts. Revised Edition of Construction Norms SNiP 2.01.07—85*]. Elektronnyy fond pravovoy i normativno-tekhnicheskoy dokumentatsii [Electronic Fund of Legislative and Normative-Technical Documentation]. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200084848. Date of access: 05.03.2015. (In Russian)
  15. SP 52-101—2003. Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii bez predvaritel’nogo napryazheniya armatury [Requirements SP 52-101—2003. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures without Prestress of Reinforcement]. Elektronnyy fond pravovoy i normativno-tekhnicheskoy dokumentatsii [Electronic Fund of Legislative and Normative-Technical Documentation]. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200037361. Date of access: 05.03.2015. (In Russian)

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ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND EXAMINATION OF BUILDINGS. SPECIAL-PURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

Determining craneways deformations caused by static loads

  • Simonyan Vladimir Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geodesy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-24-92; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kuznetsov Oleg Fedorovich - Orenburg State University (OSU) Associate Professor, Department of City Cadastre, Honorable Geodetic Engineer of the RF, Orenburg State University (OSU), 13 prospekt Pobedy, Orenburg, 460018, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 90-95

The most typical types of crane substructures destruction are wear of crane rails, details of its fixation, deformation of crane beams, settlement or tilting of the columns. At technical examination of buildings and structures with crane rails their planned-high-altitude position is determined. There exist a list of methods for determining the crane rails’ planned-high-altitude position, each of them has its disadvantage, expressed in the final result - the real position of crane rails. While estimating their position from the ground, i.e. mounting transit on the ground, and indicating devices above, there is an inaccuracy on the rails, which is caused by different moments of indications fixation, both on the plan and hightwise. The authors carried out observations of the position of craneways both on the plan and heightwise for determining the reason of craneways bearing structures’ deformations and the period of their influence of railtrack state. The results of these observations are analyzed and presented. The authors present their suggestions on advancing the crane operation, which will increase its operation life.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.90-95

References
  1. Shekhovtsov G.A., Il’in B.A. Ob otsenke tochnosti opredeleniya krena vysokikh sooruzheniy [On Accuracy Evaluation of Tilting of High Structures]. Promyshlennoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial Engineering]. 1983, no. 2, pp. 27–—28. (In Russian)
  2. Shekhovtsov G.A., Kochetov F.G. Iz opyta kontrolya polozheniya rel’sov podkranovykh putey [From the Experience of Crane Rails Position Control]. Promyshlennoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial Engineering]. 1989, no. 10, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  3. Meixner Heinz. Geodezujne pomiaru deformacji. Prz. gorn. 1980, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 540—544. LXII, LXIII, LXIV, LXV.
  4. Shekhovtsov G.A., Shekhovtsova R.P. Sovremennye geodezicheskie metody opredeleniya deformatsiy inzhenernykh sooruzheniy : monografiya [Modern Geodesic Methods for Estimating Deformations of Engineering Structures : Monograph]. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2009, 156 p. (In Russian)
  5. Shekhovtsov G.A. Otsenka tochnosti polozheniya geodezicheskikh punktov [Position Accuracy Estimation of Geodetic Points]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1992, 255 p. (In Russian)
  6. Shekhovtsov G.A. Sovremennye metody geodezicheskogo kontrolya khodovoy chasti i putey mostovykh kranov [Contemporary Methods of Geodetic Control of the Carrier and Rails of Travelling Cranes]. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 1999, 164 p. (In Russian)
  7. Shekhovtsov G.A., Shekhovtsova R.P. Ob odnovremennom distantsionnom opredelenii geometrii kranovogo puti i traektorii dvizheniya mostovogo krana [On the Simultaneous Distant Estimation of Crane Track Geometry and Motion Path of Travelling Crane]. Mezhvuzovskiy nauchno-metodickeskiy sbornik [Interuniversity Sciemtific and Methodological Collection]. Saratov, SGTU Publ., 2007, pp. 202—206. (In Russian)
  8. RD 10-138—97. Kompleksnoe obsledovanie kranovykh putey gruzopod”emnykh mashin. Chast’ 1. Obshchie polozheniya. Metodicheskie ukazaniya [Directive Document RD 10-138—97. Complex Inspection of Crane Rails of Lifting Machines. Part 1. General Provisions. Methodology Instructions]. Moscow, Gosgortekhnadzor Rossii Publ., 1997, 38 p. (In Russian)
  9. Shekhovtsov G.A., Shekhovtsova R.P., Akritskaya I.I. Varianty ispol’zovaniya lazernoy ruletki pri ekspertize zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Laser Tape Measure Application Variants at Investigating Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennaya bezopasnost’ — 2007 : sbornik statey [Industrial Safety — 2007. Collection of Articles]. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2007, pp. 52—58. (In Russian)
  10. Monich V.Yu. Metod sputnikovoy geodezii dlya opredeleniya razmera kolei napravlyayushchikh kranovogo puti [Satellite Geodesy Method for Determining the Track Size of the Crane Track Direction]. Bezopasnost’ truda v promyshlennosti [Safety of Work in the Industry]. 2001, no. 1, pp. 46—48. (In Russian)
  11. Fedorov A.I. Metodika i predraschet tochnosti izmereniy pri profilirovanii podkranovykh rel’sovykh putey stantsiey «Profil’ PRP» [Methods and Presettlement of Estimation Accuracy at Profiling Crane Railways by the Station “Profil’ PRP“]. Marksheyderiya i nedropol’zovanie [Mining Geodesy and Subsurface Management]. 2003, no. 4, pp. 57—58. (In Russian)
  12. Shekhovtsov G.A., Kochetov F.G. Iz opyta kontrolya polozheniya rel’sov podkranovykh putey [From the Experience of Crane Rail Position Control]. Promyshlennoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial Engineering]. 1989, no. 10, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  13. Arnold R. Eine neue Technologie fur Kranbahn-kontrollmessungen. Vermessungstechnik. 1989, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 52—55.
  14. Janusz W. Wyznaczanie trajektorii ruhu suwnicy i odchytek toru podsuwnicowego ze stanowisk naziemnych. Pr. Jnst. Geod. i kartogr. 1994, vol. 41, no. 89, pp. 31—45.
  15. Shekhovtsov G.A., Shekhovtsova R.P. Peredacha otmetok s ispol’zovaniem lazernoy ruletki [Marks Delivery Using Laser Tape Measure]. Promyshlennaya bezopasnost’ — 2007 : sbornik statey [Industrial Safety — 2007. Collection of Articles]. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2007, pp. 59—63. (In Russian)
  16. Soustin V.N. Peredacha otmetok bezotrazhatel’nym dal’nomerom i nivelirom [Marks Delivery by Reflectorless Distance Meter and Level]. Geodeziya i kartografiya [Geodesy and Mapping]. 2001, no. 5, pp. 15—18. (In Russian)
  17. Bryś Henryk. Meßverfahren zum Bestimmen der Geometrie der Verformung von Brückenkran und Kranbahnschienen. Allg. Vermess.-Nachr. 2000, vol. 107, no. 11—12, pp. 391—396.
  18. Schaefer W. Photogrammetrische Beobachtung von Bauwerksverform ungen. Markscheidewesen. 1985, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 148—151.
  19. Schwarz Wilfried. Moderne Messverfahren in der Ingenieurgeodäsie und ihr praktischer Einsatz. Flachenmanag. Und Bodenordn. 2002, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 87—97.
  20. Kuznetsov O.F. Geodezicheskoe obespechenie stroitel’stva i ekspluatatsii sooruzheniy [Geodetic Support of the Construction and Operation of Structures]. Orenburg, Ekspress-pechat’ Publ., 2008, 201 p. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Hydraulic resistance of carper of cylindrical shape mineral wool

  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ivanov Kazbek Kazbekovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Aristov Denis Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Skiba Aleksey Andreevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sazonova Yuliya Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 96-103

The properties of the mineral wool mat are determined by the mode of heat treatment and properties of the products. The main parameter to assess the properties of highly porous fibrous material is its resistance to the air flow, which can be estimated by the value of the hydraulic resistance. This parameter includes both the characteristics of the mineral fiber (diameter, length, density) characteristics of the system as a whole (total porosity, average density, the content of fibrous inclusions) and gas environment parameters (temperature and speed of its motion through the porous layer). Characteristics of the gaseous medium are technological factors, which influence the material during the heat treatment, and hence optimization of the process parameters. The flow of gas through the perforated wall of the hole determined by characteristics, pressurized inside a rolling pin, and the structural characteristics of the mineral geometrical cylinder and his hydraulic resistance. So, a universal criterion, which measures the mass transfer efficiency and hence the effectiveness of the heat treatment, is a hydraulic resistance cylinder. The study of the processes occurring in the mineral wool carpet, showed that its hydraulic resistance is directly proportional to the surface of fibers per unit bed volume and inversely proportional to the third degree of porosity of the layer. Researches have shown that increasing the degree of perforation increases the uneven distribution. However, if total power increases 1.87 times, because the perforation through the inlet portion perforation of rolling pin was disclosure, substantially uniform distribution was achieved. The investigations led to the following conclusions: the specific surface layer has a linear dependence on its average density; hydraulic resistance of the layer will be greater, when the amount of beads and fibers diameter is smaller. The obtained exact dependence allows calculating the hydraulic resistance to the flow of gas in the cylinder mineral wool. This allows taking into account the parameters of a rolling pin and the intensity of its expiration coolant, optimize its heat treatment parameters, as well as to assess patterns to filter of vapor during operation in the heating cylinder.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.96-103

References
  1. Livchak V.I. Realistichnyy podkhod k energosberezheniyu v sushchestvuyushchem zhilom fonde goroda [Realistic Approach to Energy Efficiency in the Existing Housing Stock of the City]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Efficiency]. 2002, no. 5, pp. 14—18. (In Russian)
  2. Telichenko V.I. Ot ekologicheskogo i «zelenogo» stroitel'stva — k ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva [From Ecological and «Green» Building to Ecological Safety of Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 47—51. (In Russian)
  3. Gagarin V.G. Teplozashchita i energeticheskaya effektivnost’ v proekte aktualizirovannoy redaktsii SNiP «Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy» [Thermal Protection and Energy Efficiency in Updated Version of SNIP “Thermal Protection of Buildings”]. Energoeffektivnost’. XXI vek : IV Mezhdunarodnyy kongress [Energy Efficiency. 21st Century : the 4th International Congress]. Saint Petersburg. 2011, pp. 187—191. (In Russian)
  4. Shmelev S.E. Puti vybora optimal’nogo nabora energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Ways of Choosing Optimal Energy Saving Measures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  5. Sheina S.G., Minenko A.N. Razrabotka optimizatsionnoy modeli upravleniya ustoychivym energosberezheniem zdaniy [Development of an Optimized Control Model of Sustainable Energy Saving of Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 3—5. (In Russian)
  6. Ponomarev V.B. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii proizvodstva i povysheniya kachestva teploizolyatsionnykh i kompozitsionnykh materialov na osnove steklyannogo i mineral’nogo volokna [Improvement of Production Technology and the Quality of Thermal Insulation and Composite Materials Based on Glass and Mineral Fibers]. Effektivnye teplo- i zvukoizolyatsionnye materialy v sovremennom stroitel’stve i ZhKKh : sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (8—10 noyabrya 2006 g.) [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Effective Heat and Sound Insulating Materials in Modern Construction and Housing” (November 8—10, 2006)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2006, pp. 109—118. (In Russian)
  7. Olesen B.W. Indoor Environmental Input Parameters for Design and Assessment of Energy Performance of Buildings Addressing Indoor Air Quality, Thermal Environment, Lighting and Acoustics. Information paper on EN 15251. Energy Performance of Buildings GENSE. 15.02.2010, pp. 1—7.
  8. Bobrov Ju.L. Uj, közetgyapotbol készü lthöszigetelö anyagok a modern épitkezésben Budapesti Müszaki Egyetem (forditásoroszról, áttekintö információ. harmadik, kiadás, a Szovjetunióállami Épitési Bizottsága Tájékoztató Intézete, M., 1981). Budapest, 1984, pp. 45—49.
  9. Zhukov A.D., Bobrova Ye.Yu., Zelenshchikov D.B., Mustafaev R.M., Khimich A.O. Insulation Systems and Green Sustainable Construction. Advanced Materials, Structures and Mechanical Engineering. 2014, vol. 1025—1026, pp. 1031—1034.
  10. Holden T., Schmidt R.A. Commerce at Light Speed — an International Comparative Evaluation of CALS Strategy and Implementation in the USA and Japan. Industrial Management & Data Systems. 2001, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 32—40. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02635570110366014.
  11. Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V., Zelenshchikov D.B., Khimich A.O. Thermal Treatment of the Mineral Wool Mat. Advanced Materials Research. 2014, vol. 838—841, pp. 196—200. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.838-841.196.
  12. Bessonov I.V., Starostin A.V., Os’kina V.M. O formostabil’nosti steklovoloknistogo uteplitelya [On Dimensionally Stability of Fibrous Insulation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, vol. 2, pp. 134—139. (In Russian)
  13. Arquis E., Cicasu S. Convection Phenomenon in Mineral Wool Installed on Vertical Walls. Effektivnye teplo- i zvukoizolyatsionnye materialy v sovremennom stroitel’stve i ZhKKh : sb. dokl. Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (8—10 noyabrya 2010 g.) [Efficient Heat and Sound Insulating Materials in Modern Construction and Housing and Public Utilities]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2006, pp. 18—21.
  14. Oparina L.A. Uchet energoemkosti stroitel’nykh materialov na raznykh stadiyakh zhiznennogo tsikla zdaniy [Account for Power Consumption of Building Materials at Different Stages of Life Cycle of Buildings]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 11, pp. 44—46. (In Russian)
  15. Shoykhet B.M., Stavritskaya L.V., Kovylyanskiy Ya.A. Teplovaya izolyatsiya truboprovodov teplovykh setey. Sovremennye materialy i tekhnicheskie resheniya [Thermal Insulation of Heat Pipelines. Modern Materials and Technical Solutions]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Efficiency]. 2002, no. 5, pp. 43—45. (In Russian)
  16. Lavrova N.M., Platov N.A. Problemy ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti predpriyatiy stroitel’noy industrii [Problems of Ecological Safety of the Enterprises of the Construction Industry]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 204—207. (In Russian)
  17. Eydukyavichyus K.K. Uvelichenie prochnosti mineralovatnykh izdeliy putem zadannoy orientatsii ikh volokon [Increasing the Strength of Mineral Wool Products by a Given Orientation of Their Fibers]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 1984, no. 6, pp. 6—8. (In Russian)
  18. Ovcharenko E.G. Tendentsii v razvitii proizvodstva utepliteley v Rossii [Trends in the Production of Insulation Materials in Russia]. Moscow, Teploproekt Publ., 2006, 74 p. (In Russian)
  19. Hall C.A. Introduction to Special Issue on New Studies in EROI. Energy Return on Investment. Sustainability 2011, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1773—1777. Available at: www.mdpi. com/2071—1050/3/10/1773/. Date of access: 28.09.2014.
  20. Zhukov A.D., Bessonov I.V., Sapelin A.N., Naumova N.V., Chkunin A.S. Composite wall materiali. Italian Science Review. February 2014, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 155—157.

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Investigation of bioresistant dry building mixes modified by carbon nanotubes

  • Suraeva Ekaterina Nikolaevna - Ogarev Mordovia State University (Ogarev MSU) external degree-seeking student, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (Ogarev MSU), 68 Bolshevistskaya Str., Saransk 430005, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Erofeev Vladimir Trofimovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, dean, Department of Architecture and Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korolev Evgeniy Valer'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Adviser, Russian Academy of Architectural and Building Sciences (RAACS), director, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7-499-188-04-00; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 104-114

Dry construction mixes are today a product of high technologies. Depending on the purpose and requirements to the properties it is easy to produce dry construction mixes with different compositions and operating indicators in plant conditions using the necessary modifying additives. Cement, gypsum and other mineral binders are used in the construction mixes. Different types of cement are more heavily used in dry construction mixes. Such dry mixes are believed to be more effective materials comparing to traditional cement-sandy solutions of centralized preparation. The authors present the results of the investigations on obtaining biocidal cement-sand compositions. It was established, that introduction of sodium sulfate into the composition provides obtaining the materials with funginert and fungicide properties. The strength properties of the mixes modified by carbon nanotubes and biocide additive were investigated by mathematical planning methods. The results of the investigations showed that the modification of cement stone structure by carbon nanotubes positively influences their strength and technological properties. Nanomodifying of construction composites by introducing carbon nanotubes may be effectively used at different stages of structure formation of a construction material.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.104-114

References
  1. Kalashnikov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Moroz M.N., Troyanov I.Yu., Volodin V.M., Suzdal'tsev O.V. Nanogidrosilikatnye tekhnologii v proizvodstve betonov [Nanohydrosilicate Technologies in Producing Concretes]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 88—91. (In Russian)
  2. Meshcherin V., Katts M. Dobavki i dopolnitel'nye komponenty v sovremennoy tekhnologii proizvodstva [Additives and Additional Components in the Modern Production Technology]. CPI — Mezhdunarodnoe betonnoe proizvodstvo [CPI — International Concrete Production]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 42—48. (In Russian)
  3. Borman R., Fenling E. Ultrahochfester Beton-Entwicklung und Verhalten. Leipziger Massivbauseminar. 2000, Bd. 1, S. 1083—1091.
  4. Kleingelhöfer P. Neue Betonverflissiger auf Basis Policarboxilat. Proc. 13. Jbasil Weimar. 1997, Bd. 1, S. 491—495.
  5. Dallaire E., Bonnean O., Lachemi M., Aitsin P. Mechanical Behavior of Confined Reactive Powder Concrete. American Society of Civil Engineers, Materials of the Engineering Conference. Washington DC, November 1996, vol. 1, pp. 555—563.
  6. Andreyuk E.I., Kozlova I.A., Kopte-va Zh.P. Mikrobnaya korroziya podzemnykh sooruzheniy [Microbial Corrosion of Underground Structures]. Biopovrezhdeniya i biokorroziya v stroitel'stve : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Biodamages and Biocorrosion in the Construction : Materials of the II International Science and Technical Conference]. Saransk, 2006, pp. 79—99. (In Russian)
  7. Antonov V.B. Vliyanie biopovrezhdeniy zdaniy i sooruzheniy na zdorov'e cheloveka [Influence of Biodamages of Buildings and Structures on Human Health]. Biopovrezhdeniya i biokorroziya v stroitel'stve : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Biodamages and Biocorrosion in the Construction : Materials of the II International Science and Technical Conference]. Saransk, 2006, pp. 238—242. (In Russian)
  8. Erofeev V.T., Kaznacheev S.V., Bogatov A.D., Spirin V.A., Svetlov D.A. Biotsidnye tsementnye kompozity s dobavkami, soderzhashchimi guanidin [Biocide Cement Composites with Additives Containing Aminoethanamidine]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Volga Region Scientific Journal]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 87—94. (In Russian)
  9. Pokrovskaya E.N., Koteneva I.V. Biopovrezhdeniya istoricheskikh pamyatnikov [Biodamages of Historical Monuments]. Biopovrezhdeniya i biokorroziya v stroitel'stve : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Biodamages and Biocorrosion in the Construction : Materials of the II International Science and Technical Conference]. Saransk, 2004, pp. 245—248. (In Russian)
  10. Ivanov F.M. Biokorroziya neorganicheskikh stroitel'nykh materialov [Biocorrosion of Nonorganic Construction Materials]. Biopovrezhdeniya v stroitel'stve : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Biodamages in Construction : Collection of Scientific Works]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1984, pp. 183—188. (In Russian)
  11. Videla H.A., Herrera L.K. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion: Looking to the Future. International Microbiology. 2005, no. 8 (3), pp. 169—180.
  12. Ramesh Babu B., Maruthamuthu S., Rajasekar A. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Dairy Effluent. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology. 2006, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 159—166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03325920.
  13. Yudovich M.E., Ponomarev A.N. Nanomodifikatsiya plastifikatorov. Regulirovanie ikh svoystv i prochnostnykh kharakteristik litykh betonov [Nanomodification of Plastifiers. Regulation of their Properties and the Strength Characteristics of Liquid Concretes]. StroyPROFIl' [Construction Profile]. 2007, no. 6, pp. 49—51. (In Russian)
  14. Eletskiy A.V. Uglerodnye nanotrubki [Carbon Nanotubes]. Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk [Advances of Physical Sciences]. 1997, vol. 167, no. 9, pp. 945—972. (In Russian)
  15. Bazhenov Yu.M., Falikman V.R., Bulgakov B.I. Nanomaterialy i nanotekhnologii v sovremennoy tekhnologii betonov [Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies in the Present-day Concrete Technology]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 125—133. (In Russian)
  16. Kalashnikov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Moroz M.N.,Troyanov I.Yu., Volodin V.M., Suzdal'tsev O.V. Nanogidrosilikatnye tekhnologii v proizvodstve betonov [Nanohydrosilicate Technologies in Concrete Production]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 89—91. (In Russian)
  17. Harrison B.S., Atala A. Carbon Nanotube Application for Tissue Engineering. Biomaterials. 2007, no. 28 (II), pp. 344—353. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2006.07.044.
  18. Zanello L.P., Zhao B., Hu H., Haddon R.C. Bone Cell Proliferation on Carbon Nanotubes. Nano Lett. 2006, no. 6 (III), pp. 562—567. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl051861e.
  19. Smart S.K., Cassady A.I., Lu G.Q., Martin D.J. The Biocompatibility of Carbon Nanotubes. Carbon. 2006, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1034—1047. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2005.10.011.
  20. Korolev E.V. Nanotekhnologiya v stroitel'nom materialovedenii. Analiz sostoyaniya i dostizheniy. Puti razvitiya [Nanotechnology in Construction Material Science. Analysis of the State and Achievements]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 11, pp. 47—79. (In Russian)

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Studying the removal of the pollutants from wetlands

  • Tel’minov Il’ya Valentinovich - Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU named after M.V. Lomonosov) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geology, Bases and Foundations, Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU named after M.V. Lomonosov), 22 naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; +7 (8182) 21-89-23; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nevzorov Aleksandr Leonidovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology, Bases and Foundations, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU), 17 Severnaya Dvina Emb., Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 115-125

Wetlands, considered as the territories unfit for agriculture and building, in the recent past served as the places for the industrial and municipal waste accommodation. That’s why the problems, connected with the studies of pollution and recovery duration of bogs, are rather current nowadays. The aim of this research is studying carrying out of pollutants from the polluted marsh massif. The object of the research is the Konnick bog, where the discharge of waste water from the hydrolysis plant and dumping of ash and sawmilling waste started in the fifties. The emission of waste water from the city’s treatment facilities also took place there. The Konnick bog is situated in the Arkhangelsk region. The network of stations for the ground and surface water monitoring was organized on the territory of the bog in 2004. The monitoring showed that the ground water composition has the excess of ammonium salt, phosphates, petroleum products, lignin substances, phenols, etc. Since 2004 there is a gradual decrease in concentration of the majority of pollutant, which is connected with the end of dumping of waste and discharge of waste water from the hydrolysis. In our opinion the decrease in the polluting substances concentration in marsh waters (self-cleaning) happens due to dilution of ground waters. The process of the pollutants removal from the peat was investigated with the help of a specially constructed device. The researches offered an equation, which describes the relation between the relative concentration of pollutants and the ground water flow. The analysis of the results of the peat ablution showed that in order to reduce the concentration of most pollutants the water should be filtered through the peat (at least 1 liter per 1 gram of dry peat). Using the received equation the settlement curves of pollutant concentration reduction in a bog were obtained. The curves obtained according to laboratory researches correlate rather well with the data obtained during the monitoring.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.115-125

References
  1. Akhmet’eva N.P., Lapina E.E. Ispol’zovanie torfyanykh bolot v kachestve priemnikov zhivotnovodcheskikh stokov [Using Bogs as the Farm Sewage Intake Basin]. Bolota i biosfera : materialy VII Vserossiyskoy s Mezhdunarofnym uchastiem nauchnoy shkoly (13—15 sentyabrya 2010 g.) [Bogs and Biosphere : Materials of the 7th All-Russian with International Participation Scientific School (September 13—15, 2010)]. Tomsk, TGPU Publ., 2010, pp. 129—133. (In Russian)
  2. Novikov S.M., editor. Gidrologiya zabolochennykh territoriy zony mnogoletney merzloty Zapadnoy Sibiri [Hydrology of Wetlands of the Western Siberian Permafrost Zone]. Saint Petersburg, VVM Publ., 2009, 535 p. (In Russian)
  3. Bykova N.K., Kukharchik T.I., Ermolenkova G.V. Osobennosti funktsionirovaniya i ispol’zovaniya bolot, sokhranivshikhsya v gorodakh (na primere g. Minska) [The Features of Functioning and Usage of the Bogs Preserved in the Cities (on the Example of Minsk)]. Rastitel’nost’ bolot: sovremennye problemy klassifikatsii, kartografirovaniya, ispol’zovaniya i okhrany : materialy Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara (30 sentyabrya—1 oktyabrya 2009 g.) [Greenery of Bogs: Contemporary Problems of Classification, Mapping, Usage and Preservation : Materials of the International Science and Practice Seminar (September 30 — October 1, 2009)]. Minsk, Pravo i ekonomika Publ., 2009, pp. 96—98. (In Russian)
  4. Konechnaya G.Yu., Musatov V.Yu., Fetisov S.A. Obzor sovremennogo sostoyaniya vodno-bolotnykh ugodiy Pskovskoy oblasti na granitse Rossiyskoy Federatsii s Belarus’yu [Overview of the Current State of the Pskov Region Wetlands on the Border of the Russian Federation and Belarus Republic]. Pskov, PGPU Publ., 2009, 187 p. (In Russian)
  5. Larionov N.S., Bogolitsyn K.G., Kuznetsova I.A. Kompleksnaya otsenka vliyaniya svalki tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov g. Arkhangel’ska na komponenty prirodnoy sredy [Complex Assessment of the Influence of Municipal Solid Waste Dump in Arkhangelsk on Environment Components]. Rossiyskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal [Russian Chemical Journal]. 2011, vol. LV, no. 1, pp. 93—100. (In Russian)
  6. Savichev O.G., Guseva N.V., Kupriyanov E.A., Skorokhodova A.A., Akhmed-Ogly K.V. Khimicheskiy sostav vod Obskogo bolota (Zapadnaya Sibir’) i ego prostranstvennye izmeneniya pod vliyaniem sbrosov zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv [Chemical Composition of the Ob Bog (West Siberia) and its Spatial Variations under the Influence of the Discharge of Pollutants]. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University]. 2013, vol. 323, no. 1, pp. 168—172. (In Russian)
  7. Volkova I.I., Baykov K.S., Syso A.I. Bolota Kuznetskogo Alatau kak estestvennye fil’try prirodnykh vod [Kuznetsk Alatau Bogs as Natural Filters of Natural Waters]. Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal [Siberian Journal of Ecology]. 2010, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 379—388. (In Russian)
  8. Bavor J., Waters M. Pollutant Transformation Performance аnd Model Development in African Wetland Systems : Large Catchment Extrapolation. Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management in Constructed and Natural Wetlands. Springer, 2008, pp. 319—327. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8235-1_28.
  9. Bruland G.L., Richardson C.J. An Assessment of the Phosphorus Retention Capacity of Wetlands in the Painter Creek Watershed, Minnesota, USA. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 2006, vol. 171, no. 1—4, pp. 169—184. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-9032-7.
  10. Kangsepp P., Koiv M., Kriipsalu M., Mander U. Leachate Treatment in Newly Built Peat Filters: A Pilot-Scale Study. Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management in Constructed and Natural Wetlands. Springer, 2008, pp. 89—98. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8235-1_8.
  11. Winde F., Erasmus E. Peatlands as Filters for Polluted Mine Water? — A Case Study from an Uranium-Contaminated Karst System in South Africa — Part I: Hydrogeological Setting and U Fluxes. Water, 2011, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 291—322. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/w3010291.
  12. Semenova N.M., Vorob’ev S.N., Kolesnichenko L.G., Ruzanova A.I. Geoekologicheskaya otsenka sistemy Belykh ozer na territorii Vasyuganskogo landshaftnogo zakaznika (Tyumenskaya oblast’) [Geoecological Assessment of White Lakes System on the Territory of the Vasyugansky Landscape Wildlife Area (Tyumen Region)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2012, no. 365, pp. 194—200. (In Russian)
  13. Voistinova E.S., Kharanzhevskaya Yu.A. Regional’naya kharakteristika khimicheskogo sostava bolotnykh vod v Tomskoy oblasti [Regional Characteristics of a Chemical Composition of Marsh Waters of the Tomsk Region]. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [Proceeding of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2014, vol. 16, no. 1 (4), pp. 942—946. (In Russian)
  14. Denisenkov V.P. Osnovy bolotovedeniya [Fundamentals of Bog Science]. Saint Petersburg, SPbGU Publ., 2000, 224 p. (In Russian)
  15. Cohen J.G., Kost M.A. Natural Community Abstract for Bog. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing, MI, 2008, 21 p.
  16. Dobrovol’skaya T.G., Golovchenko A.V., Zvyagintsev D.G., Inisheva L.I., Kurakov A.V., Smagin A.V., Zenova G.M., Lysak L.V., Semenova T.A., Stepanov A.L., Glushakova A.M., Pochatkova T.N., Kukharenko O.S., Kachalkin A.V., Yakushev A.V., Pozdnyakov L.A., Bogdanova O.Yu. Funktsionirovanie mikrobnykh kompleksov verkhovykh torfyanikov — analiz prichin medlennoy destruktsii torfa [Functioning of Microbic Complexes of High Moorlands — the Analysis of the Reasons of Slow Destruction of Peat]. Moscow, Tovarishchestvo nauchnykh izdaniy KMK Publ., 2013, 128 p. (In Russian)
  17. Grum-Grzhimaylo O.A., Bilanenko E.N. Mikroskopicheskie griby kak komponent ekosistemy verkhovykh bolot [Microscopic Mushrooms as a Component of an Ecosystem of Highmoor Bogs]. Mikologiya i fitopatologiya [Mycology and Phytopathology]. 2010, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 485—496. (In Russian)
  18. Dyukarev E.A., Golovatskaya E.A. Osobennosti temperaturnogo rezhima torfyanoy zalezhi oligotrofnogo bolota v yuzhnoy tayge Zapadnoy Sibiri [Features of Temperature Condition of a Peat Deposit of an Oligotrophic Bog in the Southern Taiga of Western Siberia]. Geografiya i prirodnye resursy [Geography and Natural Resources]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 65—71. (In Russian)
  19. González Garraza G., Mataloni G., Iturraspe R., Lombardo R., Camargo S., Quiroga M.V. The Limnological Character of Bog Pools in Relation to Meteorological and Hydrological Features. Mires and Peat. 2012, vol. 10, art. 7. Available at: http://www.mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map10/map1007.php. Date of access: 21.02.2015.
  20. Tel’minov I.V., Klemushina L.A., Nevzorov A.L., Ayzenshtadt A.M. Patent 106748 RF, MPK G01N 15/00. Fil’tratsionno-adsorbtsionnyy pribor. № 2011111845/28; zayavl. 29.03.2011; opubl. 20.07.2011. Byul. № 20 [Russian Patent 106748, MPK G01N 15/00. Filtration and Adsorption Device. No. 2011111845/28; appl. 29.03.2011; publ. 20.07.2011. Bulletin no. 20]. Applicant and Patent holder FGAOU VPO ”SAFU“ [Northern (Arctic) Federal University]. P. 113. (In Russian)
  21. Kramarenko V.V., Emel’yanova T.Ya. Kharakteristika fizicheskikh svoystv verkhovykh torfov Tomskoy oblasti [Characteristic of Physical Properties of Highmoor Peat of the Tomsk Region]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2009, no. 322, pp. 265—269. (In Russian)
  22. Ise T., Dunn A.L., Wofsy S.C., Moorcroft P.R. High Sensitivity of Peat Decomposition to Climate Change Through Water-Table Feedback. Nature Geoscience. 2008, no. 1, pp. 763—766. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo331.

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HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Evaluation of the effectiveness of grouting curtain on the basis of the analysis of groundwater temperature fluctuations behind the dam

  • Orekhov Vyacheslav Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, chief research worker, Scientific and Technical Center “Examination, Design, Inspection”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khokhotva Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow branch of ENEX Deputy Head, Centre of Hydraulic Structures Safety, Moscow branch of ENEX, 13 Vol’naya str., Moscow, 105118, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 126-133

In the article the authors considered the technique of evaluating the performance of a grouting curtain basing on the analysis of mathematical forecasting and regular measurements of water temperature in the reservoir and in the rock mass behind the dam. The initial data for the solution of heat transfer problem are the rate of filtration, obtained from the solution of the stationary problem of filtration, and the experimental factor, generalizing thermophysical properties of rocks. For calculating the period of time from to the change of the water temperature in the reservoir till the change of water temperature at the reference point of the rock mass a computer program was designed, which allows defining the path and time of filtration from the reservoir to the reference point in the rock mass with the help of the reverse conversion on flow lines. The calculation was carried out from the point in question in the rock mass till the crossing paths of filtration with the bottom boundary of the reservoir. As an example, we present the results of computational studies of filtration and temperature regimes in the rock foundation of a concrete dam at the design work of the grouting curtain and in case of the presence of pervious area. The calculations were performed with a time step
dt = 2 days. At each time step, with account of water motion along the lines of the current through the rock mass, the previous position of the reference points in space has been determined, for which the value of the velocity vector of filtration field was corrected. In the first case, the motion of water from the reservoir was carried out in the circumvention of the grouting curtain. In the second case, the motion of water took place from the reservoir through the permeable portion of the grouting curtain. The change of the water temperature during its seepage from the water reservoir through permeable area of grouting curtain because of conductive heat transmission in all the checkpoints in permeable area of grouting curtain is 0.5-1.0 °C at measurement accuracy of water temperature 0.1 °C. Thereby, by measuring the changes of water temperature in the reservoir and in the rock mass behind the grouting curtain as a result of alternative calculations using the developed method we can calculate the position and size of a possible permeable area.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.126-133

References
  1. Aniskin N.A. Fil’tratsiya v osnovanii i bortakh betonnoy gravitatsionnoy plotiny Bureyskogo gidrouzla [Filtration at the Bottom and Sides of a Concrete Gravity Dam of Bureysky HPP]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 87—96. (In Russian)
  2. Losleben T.R. Pilot Study of Horizontal Roughing Filtration in Northern Ghana as Pretreatment for Highly Turbid Dugout Water. Master of Engineering Thesis. USA Massachussets Institute of Technology, 2008, 149 p.
  3. Loginov V.A., Shabanov V.A. Issledovanie fil’tratsionnykh techeniy v verkhovom kline gruntovoy plotiny [The Study of Filtration Flows in the Upper Wedge of Soil Dam]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 52—55. (In Russian)
  4. Anakhaev K.N., Shogenova Zh.Kh., Amshokov B.Kh. Raschet fil’tratsii cherez zemlyanye plotiny na pronitsaemom osnovanii raznoy moshchnosti [Calculation of the Filtration through the Earth Dams on Permeable Foundation of Different Capacity]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2011, no. 2. pp. 29—33. (In Russian)
  5. Orekhov V.V., Khokhotva S.N. Ob”emnaya matematicheskaya model’ geofil’tratsii skal’nogo massiva, vmeshchayushchego podzemnye sooruzheniya GES Yali vo V’etname [Volume Mathematical Model of the Rocky Massif Geofiltration Accommodating Underground Structures of Yali HPP in Vietnam]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2004, no. 12, pp. 46—47. (In Russian)
  6. Markhilevich O.K. Primenenie metodov modelirovaniya geofil’tratsii pri proektirovanii gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Application of Modeling Techniques of Geofiltration When Designing Hydraulic Structures]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2009, no. 4. pp. 61—72. (In Russian)
  7. Hayasi C., Tatezhi T., Menjo M. 3-D Seepage Analyses on Limb-Grouting Design by FEM. Proc. of the 4th Int. C. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing, China, A.A. Balkema. 2004, pp. 411—420. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9780203020678.ch45.
  8. Zhu Y.M., Kuang F., Semprich S., Baer E. Study on Mechanism and Effectiveness of Measures for Control of Seepage in Foundation of Concrete Dams. Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing, China, A.A. Balkema. 2004, pp. 273—280.
  9. Il’in V.V., Kolomiytseva Yu.N., Stepanenko I.A., Shevlyagin Yu.S., Yudkevich A.I. Opyt modelirovaniya geofil’tratsii v proektakh meropriyatiy po povysheniyu bezopasnosti gidrosooruzheniy [Experience of Geofiltration Modeling in the Projects of Measures to Improve the Safety of Hydraulic Structures]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Gidroproekta [Collection of Scientific Works of Hydroproject]. Moscow, 2000, no. 159, pp. 307—326. (In Russian)
  10. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Ilarionov E.D., Orekhov V.V. Analiz napryazhennogo sostoyaniya i treshchinostoykosti yader kamenno-zemlyanykh plotin [Analysis of the Stress State and Crack Resistance of the Cores of Rock-Earth Dams]. Energeticheskoe stroitel’stvo [Energy Construction]. 1978, no. 12, pp. 60—65. (In Russian)
  11. Vladimirov V.B., Zaretskiy Yu.K., Orekhov V.V. Matematicheskaya model’ monitoringa kamenno-zemlyanoy plotiny gidrouzla Khoabin’ [Mathematical Monitoring Model for Rock-Earth Dam of the Hoa Binh HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2003, no. 6, pp. 47—52. (In Russian)
  12. Olimpiev D.N., Makhmudov L.M. Raschetno-eksperimental’nye issledovaniya po otsenke treshchinoobrazovaniya v plotinakh iz gruntovykh materialov [Computational and Experimental Studies to Assess the Crack Resistance in the Dams of Soil Materials]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Gidroproekta [Collection of Scientific Works of Hydroproject]. Moscow, 1986, no. 145, pp. 146—151. (In Russian)
  13. Aniskin N.A., Antonov A.S., Mgalobelov Yu.B., Deyneko A.V. Issledovanie fil’tratsionnogo rezhima osnovaniy vysokikh plotin na matematicheskikh modelyakh [Studying the Filtration Mode of Large Dams’ Foundations on Mathematical Models]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 10, pp. 114—131. (In Russian)
  14. Malyshev L.I. Modelirovanie prostranstvennoy fil’tratsii v osnovaniyakh i beregovykh primykaniyakh vysokonapornykh plotin pri otsenke effektivnosti raboty protivofil’tratsionnykh elementov [Modeling Spatial Filtering in the Bases and Shore Contiguities of High Dams in the Process of Evaluating the Effectiveness of Antifiltration Elements]. Trudy koordinatsionnykh soveshchaniy po gidrotekhnike. VNIIG im B.E. Vedeneva [Proceedings of the Coordination Meetings on Hydraulic Engineering. B.E. Vedeneev VNIIG]. Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1974, no. 93, pp. 105—108. (In Russian)
  15. Stematiu D., Sarghiuta R., Popescu C., Gaftoi D. Investigation Techniques and Remedial Works to Control Seepage Through an Earthfill Dam. Proc. of the Int. Symp. on Dams for a Changing World — 80th Annual Meet. and 24th Cong. of ICOLD. Kyoto, Japan, 2012, pp. (5) 49—52.
  16. Shestakov V.M. Gidrogeodinamika [Hydrogeodynamics]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 1995, 368 p. (In Russian)
  17. Tsybin A.M. K sozdaniyu metoda rascheta temperaturnogo rezhima betonnoy plotiny pri nalichii fil’tratsionnogo potoka v osnovanii [On Creating the Calculation Method of the Temperature Mode of a Concrete Dam in the Presence of Seepage in the Base]. Trudy koordinatsionnykh soveshchaniy po gidrotekhnike. VNIIG im B.E. Vedeneva [Proceedings of the Coordination Meetings on Hydraulic Engineering. B.E. Vedeneev VNIIG]. Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1975, no. 103, pp. 241—245. (In Russian)
  18. Aniskin N.A. Temperaturno-fil’tratsionnyy rezhim prigrebnevoy zony gruntovoy plotiny v surovykh klimaticheskikh usloviyakh [Thermal and Filtration Behaviour of the Earth Dam Crest Area in Severe Climatic Conditions]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 129—137. (In Russian)
  19. Orekhov V.V. Kompleks vychislitel’nykh programm «Zemlya-89» [Computing Programs Complex “Earth-89”]. Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik «Issledovaniya i razrabotki po komp’yuternomu proektirovaniyu fundamentov i osnovaniy» [Interuniversity Collection “Research and Development in Computer Aided Design of Foundations and Bases”]. Novocherkassk, 1990, pp. 14—20. (In Russian)
  20. Orekhov V.V., Khokhotva S.N. Gidrogeologicheskaya model' territorii gidrouzla Kousar [Hydrogeological Model of the Territory of Kowsar Hydraulic Project]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 3, pp. 59—69. (In Russian)

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TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

Establishment of high-precision navigation system in the Republic of Armenia

  • Manukyan Larisa Vladimirovna - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geodesy, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryana str., Erevan, 0009, Republic of Armenia; +3 (749) 147-19-71; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Markaryan Venera Artsrunovna - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Engineering Geodesy, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryana str., Erevan, 0009, Republic of Armenia; +3 (749) 164-40-45; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 134-142

Medium-Earth orbit satellite systems make it possible to provide services on time coordination and navigation support for a wide range of consumers. At present, there are global navigation satellite systems GLONASS (Russia) and GPS (USA). Users of these systems have an opportunity to determine their location accurately with the given characteristics of their navigation devices. In all developed countries the progress of geodesy and cartography is closely related to the implementation of advanced new technologies in both scientific and industrial areas. The introduction of new technologies and equipment in production is essential for the development of geodesy and cartography, bringing the existing geodetic networks and cartographic materials to modern condition. In the Republic of Armenia there are also plans on introduction of the systems for monitoring and management of vehicles for various purposes, as well as it is proposed to establish and implement an effective satellite navigation system to monitor and control traffic on the basis of advanced satellite technology. The article describes the basic steps to create the network of reference stations, GPS, aerial photography of much of the territory of Armenia, the creation of digital terrain model and the new maps by orthophotoplans. The analysis of the materials were carried out, on the basis of which in the Republic in 2015 a high-precision navigation system will be created. Due to the hard work of surveyors, cartographers and topographers the Republic was brought to European states level.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.134-142

References
  1. Aloyan G.A., Manukyan L.V. Osobennosti vnedreniya postoyanno deystvuyushchikh referents stantsiy na territorii RA [Implementation Features of Continuously Operating Reference Stations on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. Byulleten’ stroiteley Armenii [Bulletin of the Builders of Armenia]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 47—49. (In Russian)
  2. Beglaryan A.G., Vardanyan M.R., Petrosyan O.S. Osnovnye zadachi gosudarstvennoy geodezicheskoy seti i kartografirovaniya na territorii Respubliki Armeniya [Main Tasks of the State Geodetic Network and Mapping on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. Izvestiya armyanskoy sel’skokhozyaystvennoy akademii [Bulletin of the Armenian Agricultural Academy]. 2004, no. 1, pp. 49—53. (In Russian)
  3. Vardanyan M.R. Perekhod iz koordinatoy sistemy SK-42 vo vsemirnuyu sistemu koordinat WGS-84 na territorii Respubliki Armenii (RA) [Transition from the Coordinate System SK-42 to the WGS-84 World Coordinate System on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia (RA)]. Energoresursosberegayushchie tekhnologii : Nauka. Obrazovanie. Biznes. Proizvodstvo : materialy V Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (24—28 oktyabrya 2011 g.) [Energy-Saving Technologies: Science. Education. Business. Production : Materials of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Conference, October 24—28, 2011]. Astrakhan, AISI Publ., 2011, pp. 142—144. (In Russian)
  4. Vardanyan M.R., Manukyan L.V. Rekonstruktsiya gosudarstvennoy nivelirnoy seti RA s primeneniem novykh tsifrovykh tekhnologiy [Reconstruction of the State Leveling Network of RA Using New Digital Technologies]. Izvestiya Armyanskoy sel’skokhozyaystvennoy akademii [Bulletin of the Armenian Agricultural Academy]. 2004, no. 3/4, pp. 87—93. (In Russian)
  5. Vardanyan M., Petrosyan H. HH masshtabayin sharqi teghagrakan qartezneri t’armacowmy’ her’avor zondavorman & irakan jhamanakowm gorc’ogh GPS r’eferenc-kayanneri tvyalnerov [Renovation of Scale Series of Topographical Maps of RA According to ERS and GPS Data, Working in Real-Time Mode]. Teghekagir Hayastani shinararneri [Bulletin of the Builders of Armenia]. Er&an, 2009, no. 4—5 (140—141), pp. 56—61. (In Armenian)
  6. Manukyan L.V., Aloyan G.A. Analiz osnovnykh etapov vnedreniya na territorii RA navigatsionnoy sistemy [Analysis of the Main Stages of the Navigation System Implementation on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. Izvestiya Gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta Armenii [Bulletin of State Agrarian University of Armenia]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 132—135. (In Russian)
  7. Manukyan L.V. Predposylki vnedreniya navigatsionnoy sistemy v RA s primeneniem sputnikovykh tekhnologiy [Prerequisites of Navigation System Implementation in the Republic of Armenia with the Use of Satellite Technologies]. Izvestiya EGUAS [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. 2010, vol. II (30), pp. 70—72. (In Russian)
  8. Petrosyan H. WGS-84 hamashxarhayin hamakargowm geodeziakan koordianatayin hamakargowm geodeziakan nor canci himnaketeri kar’owcman skzbownqnery’ [Construction Principles of Base Points of New Geodetic Network in World Geodetic Reference System WGS-84]. Er&ani twartarapetowt’yan & shinararowt’yan petakan hamalsarani gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow, hator II (24) [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2005, vol. II (24), pp. 159—161. (In Armenian)
  9. Petrosyan H. Irakan jhamanakowm ashxatogh r’eferenc kayannerov canci tvyalneri o’gtagorc’man hnaravorowt’yownnery’ & ardyownavetowt’yowny’ [Possibilities and More Effective Use of the Existing Network of Base Stations Operating in Real Time]. Teghekagir Hayastani shinararneri [Armenian Builder’s bulletin]. Erevan, 2012, no. 9—10 (181—182), pp. 64—66. (In Armenian)
  10. Petrosyan H. WGS-84 hamakargowm steghc’vac’ Azgayin geodeziakan canci ardyownavetowt’yowny’ hanrapetowt’yan tntesowt’yan zargacman gorc’y’nt’acowm [Efficiency, Created in WGS 84 Coordinate System of the National Geodetic Network, in Economic Development of the Country]. ETwShPH-i gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2012, vol. lll (46), pp. 151—156. (In Armenian)
  11. Petrosyan H., Ar’aqelyan S., Margaryan V. Teghekowt’yownner HH tarac’qowm WGS-84 hamakargi & GPS y’ndownichneri kirar’man hnaravorowt’yownneri masin [Information on Coordinate System WGS-84 and the Possibility of Using GPS Receivers on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. ETwShPH-i gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2005, vol. III (25), pp.155—157. (In Armenian)
  12. Petrosyan H., Vardanyan M. Hayastani Hanrapetowt’yownowm WGS-84 hamakargowm steghc’vac’ geodeziakan nor canci masin & dra dern ow nshanakowt’yowny’ tntesowt’an tarber olortnerowm [On Creating a New Geodetic Network in RA WGS-84 Coordinate System and its Role in Various Areas of the State’s Economy]. ETwShPH gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2005, vol. II (24), pp.162—164. (In Armenian)
  13. Petrosyan O.S. O sluzhbe geodezii i kartografii v Respublike Armeniya [On the Service of Geodesy and Cartography in the Republic of Armenia]. Pervyy kongress geodezistov i kartografov : doklady (16—20 dekabrya 2002 g.) [The First Congress of Surveyors and Cartographers : Reports. December 16—20, 2002]. Moscow, Kartgeotsentr-Geodezizdat Publ., 2003, pp. 78—81. (In Russian)
  14. Petrosyan O.S., Markaryan V.A. Natsional’naya geodezicheskaya set’ Respubliki Armeniya [National Geodetic Network of the Republic of Armenia]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Geodeziya i aerofotos”emka. [Bulletin of Higher Education Institutions. Geodesy and Aerial Photography]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 27—32. (In Russian)
  15. Tekhnicheskiy otchet № 1 po soglasheniyu uslug aerofotos”emki, sozdaniya tsifrovoy modeli rel’efa i tsifrovykh ortofoto otdel’nykh uchastkov territorii Armenii № 13/02903-1 ot 30.01.2014 [Technical Report no. 1 on the Agreement of Air Photography Services, Creation of a Digital Elevation Models and Digital Orthophoto of Separate Areas of the Armenian Territory Armenii no. 13/02903-1 from 30.01.2014]. OOO «Aviatsionnyy raschetnyy tsentr» [LLC “Aviation Settlement Center”]. 18.06.2014, Ukraine, p. 62. (In Russian)
  16. Beutler G., Rothacher M., Schaer S., Springer T.A., Kouba J., Neilan R. The International GPS Service (IGS): an Interdisciplinary Service in Support of Earth Sciences. Adv Space Res. 1999, no. 23, pp. 631—635.
  17. Dow J., Gendt G., Moore A., Neilan R., Weber R. The International GPS Service — What’s Next? 10th Anniversary Assembly Charts Future Directions. Proceedings of ION GNSS 2004. Long Beach, CA, USA, 21—24 September, 2004, pp. 1741—1748.
  18. Dow J., Neilan R., Gendt G. The International GPS Service: Celebrating the 10th Anniversary and Looking to the Next Decade. Adv Space Res. 2005, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 320—326. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2005.05.125.
  19. Dow J., Neilan R., Weber R., Gendt G. Galileo and the IGS: Taking Advantage of Multiple GNSS Constellations. Adv. Space Res. 2007, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1545—1551. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2007.04.064.
  20. Slater J., Weber R., Fragner D. The IGS GLONASS Pilot Project — Transitioning an Experiment into an Operational GNSS Service. Proceedings of ION GNSS 2004. Long Beach, CA, USA, 21—24 September, 2004, pp. 1749—1757.

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Organizational and technological potential of enveloping structures of multi-storeyed residential buildings

  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Govorukha Petr Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14 (ext. 31-25, 31-06, 31-07); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 143-149

In the present time the necessity of quantitative evaluation of construction project efficiency is becoming increasingly current. It is connected with estimation of investment appeal of a project and with the necessity to estimate its organizational and technological level, and, as a consequence, providing the safety of a construction object. In the article the authors justify the necessity to form an instrument allowing to choose the optimal decision in the field of technologies and organization of construction works at arranging enveloping structures. The authors introduce and offer using organizational-technological potential of enveloping structures as a discrete indicator of the chosen organizational and technological solution. The future investigations will be aimed at database formation of organizational and technological potentials of completed projects. As a result the best values of the investigated potentials can be detached, that will lead to optimization of the terms and costs of the works during construction of multi-storeyed residential buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.143-149

References
  1. Berezhnyy A.Yu., Saydaev Kh.L.-A. Ispol’zovanie kompleksnogo pokazatelya ekologicheskoy nagruzki pri vybore podryadnoy organizatsii [Using Complex Indicator of the Ecological Load at Choosing Contracting Company]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulation. Construction, Design and Research]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 26—27. (In Russian)
  2. Bessonov A.K., Verstina N.G., Kulakov Yu.N. Innovatsionnyy potentsial stroitel’nykh predpriyatiy: formirovanie i ispol’zovanie v protsesse innovatsionnogo razvitiya [Innovational Potential of Construction Companies: Formation and Use in the Process of Innovational Development]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 166 p. (In Russian)
  3. Lapidus A.A. Potentsial effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy stroitel’nogo ob”ekta [Efficiency Potential of Management and Technical Solutions for a Construction Object]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 175—180. (In Russian)
  4. Lapidus A.A., Berezhnyy A.Yu. Matematicheskaya model’ otsenki obobshchennogo pokazatelya ekologicheskoy nagruzki pri vozvedenii stroitel’nogo ob’’ekta [Mathematical Model Designated for the Assessment of the Integrated Environmental Load Produced by a Building Project]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering], 2012, no. 3, pp. 149—153. (In Russian)
  5. Telichenko V.I. Puti razvitiya inzhenernogo potentsiala na primere stroitel’noy otrasli [Development Options of Engineering Potential in Example of the Construction Branch]. Alma Mater. Vestnik vysshey shkoly [Alma Mater. High School Herald]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 7—11. (In Russian)
  6. Berezhnyy A.Yu. Sistemotekhnika stroitel’stva kak teoreticheskaya osnova dlya otsenki obobshchennogo pokazatelya ekologicheskoy nagruzki pri vozvedenii stroitel’nogo ob”ekta [System Techniques of Construction as a Theoretical Basis for Evaluating the Generalized Indicator of Ecological Load at Building a Construction Object]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulation. Construction, Design and Research]. 2011, no. 10 (11), pp. 50—52. (In Russian)
  7. Gusakov A.A., Bogomolov Yu.M., Brekhman A.I., Vaganyan G.A., Vaynshteyn M.S. Sistemotekhnika stroitel’stva: Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar’ [System Engineering of Construction: Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Editor A.A. Gusakov. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 320 p. (In Russian)
  8. Marugin V.M., Azgal’dov G.G. Kvalimetricheskaya ekspertiza stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Qualimetric Inspection of Construction Objects]. Saint Petersburg, Politekhnika Publ., 2008, 527 p. (In Russian)
  9. Saydaev Kh.L. Planirovanie eksperimenta pri issledovanii ekologicheskogo parametra v sisteme otsenki potentsiala general’noy podryadnoy organizatsii [Experiment Planning at Investigation of the Ecological Parameter in the Evaluation System of General Contracting Company Potential]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulation. Construction, Design and Research]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 48—50. (In Russian)
  10. Berezhnyy A.Yu. Formirovanie informatsionnoy bazy dannykh dlya sistemy otsenki ekologicheskoy effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy v protsesse stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Formation of Informational Database for Evaluation System of Ecological Efficiency of Organizational and Technological Solutions in the Process of Construction Production]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulation. Construction, Design and Research]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 42—43. (In Russian)

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Formation of real estate research theoretical basis

  • Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Doctoral student, Department of Economy and Management in Construction Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 150-157

The real estate sphere is capital intensive and more or less slowly renewable. It needs an efficient management, which requires constructive use of objective development laws, and this was repeatedly proved in practice. The development laws should be taken into account both while constructing the system of management and while providing its functioning. The article is focused on levels of real estate research which give the opportunity to theoretically summarize and identify methodological requirements, define target determinants, create models and technological integration, and also to approbate in practice the results of the research and verify or rebut the hypothesis. The different levels of abstraction in scientific researches, especially in such a large-scale sphere as real estate, allow implementing the deductive enlargement required for this sphere without loss of identity of regularities and notions. The systemic result of the authorial approach will be in the formation of methodological base containing the complete spectrum of instruments of real estate management.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.150-157

References
  1. Yas’kova N.Yu. Strategiya prostranstvenno-territorial’nogo developmenta [Strategy of Spatial Development]. Nedvizhimost’: ekonomika, upravlenie [Real Estate: Economics, Management]. 2014, no. 1—2, pp. 52—60. (In Russian)
  2. Karasik D.M. Tipologiya form upravleniya investitsionno-stroitel’nymi programmami [Typology of Management Forms of Construction and Investment Programs]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2012, no. 11 (70), pp. 221—225. (In Russian)
  3. Sabirov I.S., Murafa A.A., Karimova M.A. Otsenka ekonomicheskogo mestopolozheniya v proektakh developmenta [Evaluation of Economic Location in Development Projects]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [News of Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering]. 2011, no. 2 (16), pp. 295—298. (In Russian)
  4. Shemchuk A.V., Pobegaylov O.A. Sovremennye informatsionnye sistemy planirovaniya v stroitel’stve [Modern Information Systems of Planning in Construction]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Proceedings of Don]. 2012, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 361—364. (In Russian)
  5. Yas’kova N.Yu., Silka D.N., Bakrunov Yu.O. Razvitie investitsionno-stroitel’nykh protsessov v usloviyakh globalizatsii [Development of Investment and Construction Processes in the Context of Globalization]. Moscow, MAIES, IPO «U Nikitskikh vorot» Publ., 2009, 520 p. (In Russian)
  6. Akhmadieva G.G. Metodicheskie podkhody k otsenke effektivnosti upravleniya razvitiem territoriy [Methodological Approaches to Evaluating the Effectiveness of Areas Development Management]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Seriya: Ekonomika, finansy i upravlenie proizvodstvom [News of Institutions of Higher Education. Series: Economics, Finances and Production Management]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 77—84. (In Russian)
  7. Yas’kova N.Yu., Silka D.N. Upravlenie investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nost’yu v tsiklicheskoy dinamike [Management of Investment and Construction Activities in Cyclic Dynamics]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 214 p. (In Russian)
  8. Burak P.I. Investitsionno-stroitel’nyy kompleks Moskvy v usloviyakh territorial’noy ekspansii goroda [Investment-building Complex of Moscow in a Territorial Expansion of the City]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2014, no. 1 (25), pp. 12—15. (In Russian)
  9. Sarchenko V.I. Prostranstvenno-territorial’noe razvitie nedvizhimosti [Real Estate Space-Territorial Development]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 1, pp. 103—111. (In Russian)
  10. Koshelev V.A. Osobennosti innovatsionno-investitsionnoy deyatel’nosti v stroitel’noy otrasli [Features of Innovative and Investment Activity in Construction Branch]. Ekonomika i upravlenie [Economy and Management]. 2009, no. 5 (54), pp. 191—194. (In Russian)
  11. Davidow W., Malone M. The Virtual Corporation: Structuring and Revitalizing the Corporation for the 21st Century. New York, Harper Collins, 1992, 304 p.
  12. Nishiyama D., Radosavljevic M. Mathematical Modelling of Decision Making Processes in Construction Projects. 25th Annual ARCOM Conference, 7—9 September 2009, Nottingham, UK, 2009, pp. 85—94.
  13. Kolmykova T.S., Kharchenko E.V. Problemy privlecheniya inostrannykh investitsiy [Problems of Foreign Investments’ Attraction]. Nauchnye trudy Donetskogo natsional’nogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomicheskaya [Scientific Works of Donetsk National Technical University. Economic Series]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 244—251. (In Russian)
  14. Grabovyy P.G., Bredikhin V.V., Kapyrin D.A. Problemy upravleniya proizvodstvenno-tekhnicheskim potentsialom territorial’no-investitsionnogo stroitel’nogo kompleksa (TISK) v usloviyakh konkurentnoy sredy [Management Problems of Industrial and Technological Potential of Territorial Investment Building Complex in a Competitive Environment]. Nedvizhimost’: ekonomika, upravlenie [Real Property: Economics, Management]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 47—51. (In Russian)
  15. Lipsey R.G., Carlaw K.I., Bekar C.T. Economic Transformations — General Purpose Technologies and Long-Term Economic Growth. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006, 618 p.
  16. Marakushin M.V., Tomilov A.L. Informatsionnaya sistema upravleniya zhilishchnym fondom [Information Management System of Housing Stock]. Sistemy upravleniya i informatsionnye tekhnologii [Control Systems and Information Technologies]. 2007, vol. 27, no. 1.1, pp. 176—180. (In Russian)
  17. Baek C.-H., Park S.-H. Changes in Renovation Policies in the Era of Sustainability. Sustainable Building Research Center, Hanyang University, Republic of Korea. Energy and Buildings. Apr. 2012, vol. 47, pp. 485—496. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.12.028.
  18. Gur’ev V.V., Dmitriev A.N., Sichkareva A.Yu., Sazhneva Z.S. Ekonomiko-tekhnologicheskaya effektivnost’ stroitel’noy otrasli Moskvy [Economic and Technological Efficiency of the Construction Industry in Moscow]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 37—42. (In Russian)
  19. Makushchenko M.P. Razvitie regional’nogo mekhanizma povysheniya effektivnosti ispol’zovaniya rynochnogo potentsiala stroitel’nykh predpriyatiy [Development of a Regional Mechanism for More Efficient Use of the Market Potential of Building Enterprises]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva i gorodskogo khozyaystva [Construction and Municipal Economy]. 2013, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 313—320. (In Russian)
  20. Skiba A.A., Ginzburg A.V. Analiz riska v investitsionno-stroitel’nom proekte [Risk Analysis for Investment Projects in the Construction Industry]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 276—281. (In Russian)

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URBAN MANAGEMENT

Methodology of decision making in the exploitation of real estate units

  • Dement’eva Marina Evgen’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Technical Operation of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-38-92; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 158-165

The exploitation of buildings is a complex cyclic process with the aim of prevention of wear and elimination of sudden refusals. Often it is needed to choose a technology of repair, construction materials or strategy of repair for expeditious elimination of suddenly arisen malfunctions. The quality of the solution depends on personal preferences, qualification of an expert and his or her skills. Therefore now operative decision making process in the exploitation of buildings is intuitive. Hence in the process of making decisions it is necessary to use modern software interactive systems of optimal decision making support. In the article the results of expert assessment of the importance of criteria of plans exploitation comparison were presented when the solving different tasks. The experts were asked to choose a technology of thermal insulation of facades, a technology of basement insulation, to choose a material for sealing of panel seams and a material for waterproofing of the roof. In order to compare alternative exploitation of plans three quantitative criteria were chosen: durability, cost of the works and the labor input. The influence of experts’ opinions on the final result was analyzed. The experts’ opinions were not coordinated and were subjective. There was established that the hierarchy analysis method takes into account the significant divergence of opinions of experts. The final result is close to average value. It allows choosing acceptable solution for the majority, which will be optimal by all the criteria. Such a methodology can be implemented in a production activity and to reduce the influence of subjective opinion the experts on the obtained result.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.158-165

References
  1. Kalinin V.M., Pavlenko M.R. O neobkhodimosti razrabotki integrirovannoy sistemy monitoringa i planovykh remontov zdaniy [The Need to Develop an Integrated System of Monitoring and Scheduled Maintenance of Buildings]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of Construction Industry]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 48—49. (In Russian)
  2. Volkov A.A., Muminova S.R. Interaktivnoe planirovanie remontnykh rabot dlya zhilykh zdaniy [Interactive Planning of Renovation Works for Residential Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 209—213. (In Russian)
  3. Eytingon V.N., Kravets M.A., Pankratova N.P., Davnis V.V. Metody organizatsii ekspertizy i obrabotki ekspertnykh otsenok v menedzhmente [Organization Methods of the Expertise and Processing of Expert Estimations in Management]. Voronezh, VGU Publ., 2004, pp. 33—34. (In Russian)
  4. Dement’eva M.E. Osnovy upravleniya kachestvom uslug [Basics of Quality Management of Services]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007, no. 8, pp. 1—4. (In Russian)
  5. Dement’eva M.E. Obespechenie kachestva ekspluatatsii ob”ektov nedvizhimosti [Improving Maintenance Quality of Real Estate Units]. Sotsial’nye i ekonomicheskie problemy gradostroitel’stva i arkhitektury : trudy X Vserossiyskoy i VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (19—21 aprelya 2011 g.) [Social and Economic Problems of Town Planning and Architecture : Works of the 10th All-Russian and 8th International Science and Practice Conference (April 19—21, 2011)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, pp. 108—113. (In Russian)
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