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Vestnik MGSU 2015/11

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11

Articles count - 21

Pages - 211

ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Architectural and engineering principles and innovations in the construction of glass-facade buildings

  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

Though the technologies are dynamically developing and there are a lot of research projects, there is still no general opinion on a glass-facade building among the European scientific community, architects and construction engineers. The increasing requirements to heat-protective qualities of translucent structures make us think of the necessity of a quantum leap both in technologies and in principal approaches to the development of architectural and constructive solutions of translucent shells. Together with economical features, the dynamics of heat-protective indicators’ increase show the tendencies to reaching the possibilities limits of mass glass units. The European construction practice usually solve this problem by developing sealed insulating glass units and by different conceptual solutions of the systems of translucent double facades. In the given article the basic theoretical principles and innovative engineering ideas are formulated dealing with the modern glass-facade building construction. “Green Building” conception is analyzed as a European new building philosophy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.7-15

References
  1. Maritz Vandenberg. Farnsworth House (Architecture in Detail), Mies van der Rohe. Phaidon Press Inc., 2005, 60 p.
  2. Schossing E., Behnisch S., Fisch N. About Energy and Architecture. Profile — Architecture Magazine. Schueco International KG, 2007, no. 5, pp. 11—13.
  3. Benits-Vil’denburg Yu. Noveyshie tekhnologii teploizolyatsii i ventilyatsii s pomoshch’yu okon i fasadov [New Heat Insulating and Ventilation Technologies with the Help of Windows and Facades]. Okna. Dveri. Vitrazhi [Windows. Doors. Stained Glass]. 2008, Business Issue. Available at: http://okna.ua/library/art-novejshie_tehnologii_teploizoljacii_i_1. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Stratiy P.V., Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A. Klimaticheskaya nagruzka na steklopakety [Climatic Load on Insulating Glass Units]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 262—267. (In Russian)
  5. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculating the Climatic Load on Glass Units on the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Unit Deflection in the Case of Atmospheric Impact of the Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  7. Aleksandrov Yu.P., Glikin S.M., Drozdov V.A., Tarasov V.P. Konstruktsii s primeneniem steklopaketov [Structures with Insulating Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 193 p.(In Russian)
  8. Vakuumnyy steklopaket: budushchee poka tumanno [Sealed Insulating Glass Unit. The Future is still Cloudy]. Okna. Dveri. Fasady [Windows. Doors. Facades]. 21.04.2013. Available at: http://odf.ru/stat_end.php?id=483. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  9. Rossa M. Innovatsionnoe ispol’zovanie stekla: doklad na 2-m spetsializirovannom kongresse «Okna — fasady — steklo» [Innovative Use of Glass: Report on the 2nd Subject-oriented Congress “Windows — Facades — Glass”]. Moscow, 2007. Available at: http://cwe.ru/archive/detail.php?el=1039&phrase_id=439020. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  10. Tenhunen O., Lintula K., Lchtinen T., Lehtovaara J., Viljanen M., Kesti J., Makelainen P.Double Skin Facades — Structures and Building Physics. Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research. Available at: http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~raojw/crd/reference/reference001114.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  11. Basnet Arjun. Architectural Integration of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Collector Systems into Buildings: Master’s Thesis in Sustainable Architecture. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, Trondheim, June 2012, 96 p. Available at: https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/download/attachments/48431699/Master-Basnet.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1339765553175. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  12. Schittich S., Staib G., Balkow D., Schuler M., Sobek D. Glass Construction Manual. Birkhauser Basel, 1999, 328 p.
  13. Aschehoug Ø., Bell D. BP SOLAR SKIN — A facade concept for a sustainable future. SINTEF Report, May 2003. Available at: http://www.sintef.no/upload/BP%20Solar%20Skin%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  14. RENSON. Reference book, 2nd ed. Waregem, Belgium, 2008. Available at: http://www.rensonuk.net/reference-books-referencebook-2008.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  15. Innovations / Energy2: Saving Energy — Generating Energy. Schüco International KG. 35 p. Available at: https://www.alukoenigstahl.com/AKS/UI/AKSImage.aspx?TabID=0&Alias=Stahl&Lang=hr-HR&Domain=hr&ec=1&imageID=53a7a6f9-54ee-4ac7-935d-96855e8a7546. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  16. Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A., Zakharov A.V. Proektirovanie sovremennykh okonnykh sistem grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Design of Modern Window Systems of Civil Buildings]. Kiev, Domashevskaya O.A. Publ., 2005, 312 p. (In Russian)

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Planning organization features of blocks of low-rise buildings in the structure of a big city irkutsk

  • Yagol’nik Evgeniya Sergeevna - Irkutsk National Research Technical Univercity (INRTU) postgraduate student, Department of Architectural Design, Irkutsk National Research Technical Univercity (INRTU), 83 Lermontova str., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 16-28

Low-rise residential buildings of different types occupy 48 % of residential areas of Irkutsk, which is practically a half of the housing stock of the city. That’s why the researcj of its planning structure and understanding of the features of each type formation in the city structure is quite current. In the process of investigation three main types of low-rise residential buildings were detected: private residential houses with land parcel; apartment houses; town houses. The authors investigated architectural and planning features of forming the areas of low-rise buildings of three types in the structure of a major city Irkutsk. The investigation is carried out with the aim to study the characteristic conditions of planning activity of the existing quarters of low-rise residential buildings, search for qualitative characteristics of the investigated types in the conditions of a big city.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.16-28

References
  1. Shpakov I.V. Praktika maloetazhnoy zastroyki v Kurske v dorevolyutsionnyy, dovoennyy periody i poslevoennoe desyatiletie [Low-rise Construction Practice in Kursk in Pre-revolution and Pre-war Periods and Postwar Decade]. Aktual’nye problemy sovremennogo regionovedeniya : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Kursk, 1 iyulya 2015 g.) [Current Problems of Contemporary Area Studies : Collection of the Materials of the International Science and Practice Conference (Kursk, June, 1, 2015)]. Kursk, OOO «Investsfera» Publ., 2015, pp. 44—48. (In Russian)
  2. Mikhalev Yu.A. Osnovy gradostroitel’stva i planirovki naselennykh punktov: uchebnoe posobie [Fundamentals of Urban Development and Populated Areas Planning: Manual]. Krasnoyarsk, 2012, 237 p. (In Russian)
  3. Igtisamov R.S. K voprosu o tipizatsii ob”ektov maloetazhnoy zastroyki i napravleniyakh razvitiya stroitel’stva maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy [To the Question of Classification of the Objects of Low-Rise Construction and Development Directions of Low-rise Residential Buildings]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering News]. 2009, no. 1 (11), pp. 313—317. (In Russian)
  4. Stadnik E.B. Istoricheskie predposylki formirovaniya tipologicheskikh sistem maloetazhnogo zhilishcha v Rossii [Historical Backgrounds of Formation of Typological Systems of Low-Rise Buildings in Russia]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Vestnik of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2013, no. 3 (40), pp. 47—63. (In Russian)
  5. Korobova O.P. Tendentsii razvitiya maloetazhnoy usadebnoy zastroyki v moskovskoy oblasti [Development Tendencies of Low-rise Manor Construction in Moscow Rehion]. Biosfernaya sovmestimost’: chelovek, region, tekhnologii [Biosphere Compatibility: Human, Region, Technologies]. 2015, no. 1, pp. 106—116. (In Russian)
  6. Babushkina L.V. Formirovanie komfortnykh usloviy prozhivaniya na territoriyakh zhiloy zastroyki sredstvami arkhitekturnogo blagoustroystva (na primere g. Ekaterinburga) [Forming Comfortable Living Conditions on the Territories of Residential Buildings by Means of Architectural Development]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 2011, no. 34. Supplement. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2011_22/30. (In Russian)
  7. Ogly B.I. Irkutsk: o planirovke i arkhitekture goroda [Irkutsk: on City Planning and Architecture]. Irkutsk, Vostochno-Sibirskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 1982, 112 p. (In Russian)
  8. Druzhinina I.E. Sotsial’no-prostranstvennaya sreda novykh gorodov irkutskoy oblasti na primere g. Sayanska [Social-Spatial Environment of New Cities of the Irkutsk Region on the Example of Sayansk City]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2014, no. 11 (94), pp. 150—155. (In Russian)
  9. Ananyan I.I., Tkachev Yu.V. Tipologicheskie osobennosti lokal’nykh sotsial’no-territorial’nykh kompleksov rekonstruiruemoy zastroyki [Typological Features of Local Social-Territorial Complexes of Reconstructed Buildings]. Sovremennoe promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Modern Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 25—31. (In Russian)
  10. SP 31-107—2004. Arkhitekturno-planirovochnye resheniya mnogokvartirnykh zhilykh zdaniy [Requirements SP 31-107—2004. Architectural and Planning Solutions of Multiflat Residential Buildings]. Moscow, 2005. (In Russian)
  11. Chereshnev I.V. Ekologichnye zhilye doma dlya maloetazhnoy vysokoplotnoy zastroyki [Ecological Residential Houses for Low-rise Dense Construction]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 14—17. (In Russian)
  12. Asaul A.N., Kazakov Yu.N., Pasyada N.I., Denisova I.V. Teoriya i praktika maloetazhnogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v Rossii [Theory and Practice of Low-rise Residential Construction in Russia]. Saint Petersburg, Gumanistika Publ., 2005, 563 p. (In Russian)
  13. Dekterev S.A., Zherdev V.I. Model’ formirovaniya al’ternativnogo zhilishcha krupnogo goroda [Model of Forming an Alternative Housing of a Big City]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 1994, no. 39. Supplement. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2012_33/14. (In Russian)
  14. Lisitsian M.V., Pashkovskiy V.L., Petunina Z.V., Pronin E.S., Fedorova N.V., Fedyaeva N.A. Arkhitekturnoe proektirovanie zhilykh zdaniy [Architectural Design of Residential Buildings]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2006, 488 p. (In Russian)
  15. Pisarev M.S. Rol’ maloetazhnogo domostroeniya i problemy ego razvitiya v sovremennoy Rossii [Role of Low-Rise Housing Construction and Problems of its Development in Contemporary Russia]. Vestnik akademii [Proceedings of the Academy]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 132—135. (In Russian)

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Fluctuations of the membrane with piecewise smooth contour and mixed boundary conditions

  • Algazin Sergey Dmitrievich - Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPMekh RAN) leading research worker, chief research worker, Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPMekh RAN), 101-1 Prospekt Vernadskogo str., Moscow, 119526, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 29-37

The eigenvalue problem for the two-dimensional operator Laplace is classical in mathematics and physics. However, computing methods for calculation of eigenvalues have still many problems, especially in applications to acoustic and electromagnetic wave guides. The investigated below two-dimensional spectral for the Laplace operator have been previously considered by the author only in smooth areas. The solutions of these tasks (eigen functions) are infinitely differentiated or. even analytical and therefore in order to create effective algorithms it is necessary to consider this enormous a priori information. Traditional methods of finite differences and finite elements almost do not practically use the information on smoothness of the decision, i.e. these are methods with saturation. The term “saturation” was entered by K.I. Babenko. Using the method of computing experiment the author investigates the task about fluctuations of the membrane with the piecewise smooth contour for two-dimensional area, obtained by conformal representation of the square. It is shown that eigen functions are infinitely differentiated. Therefore, numerical algorithms without saturation are applicable. In article the calculation algorithm of eigenvalues in this two-dimensional area is developed, which allows determining up to 10 natural frequencies with the accuracy acceptable for practice on the grid 10×10.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.29-37

References
  1. Algazin S.D. Chislennye algoritmy klassicheskoy matematicheskoy fiziki [Numerical Algorithms of Classical Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Dialog-MIFI Publ., 2010, 240 p. (In Russian)
  2. Babenko K.I. Osnovy chislennogo analiza [Fundamentals of Numerical Analysis]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow; Izhevsk, RKhD Publ., 2002, 847 p. (In Russian)
  3. Algazin S.D., Babenko K.I., Kosorukov A.L. O chislennom reshenii zadachi na sobstvennye znacheniya [On the Numerical Solution of the Task on Eigenvalues]. Moscow, 1975, 57 p. (Preprint. IPM; no. 108, 1975). (In Russian)
  4. Algazin S.D. Vychislenie sobstvennykh chisel i sobstvennykh funktsiy operatora Laplasa (Lap123) [Calculation of Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions of Laplace Operator]. SVIDETEL’’STVO o gosudarstvennoy registratsii programmy dlya EVM № 2012617739. Zaregistrirovana v Reestre programm dlya EVM [Certificate on State Registration of the Computer Program № 2012617739. Registered in Software Registration Book]. August 27, 2012, 18 p. (In Russian)
  5. Kuttler J.R., Sigillito V.G. Eigenvalues of the Laplacian in Two Dimensions. SIAM Review. Apr. 1984, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 163—193. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/1026033

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Analytical solution of physically nonlinear problem for an inhomogeneous thick-walled cylindrical shell

  • Andreev Vladimir Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chair, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Polyakova Lyudmila Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 38-45

Among the classical works devoted to Solid Mechanics a significant place is occupied by the studies taking into account the physical and geometric nonlinearity. Also there is enough of works, which concern linear problems taking into account the inhomogeneity of the material. At the same time there are very few publications, which take into account both effects (non-linearity and inhomogeneity). This is due to the lack of experimental data on the influence of various factors on the parameters defining the non-linear behavior of the materials. Thus it is of great importance to study the influence of inhomogeneity when solving the problems of structures made of physically nonlinear materials. This article provides a solution to one of the problems of the nonlinear theory of elasticity taking into account the inhomogeneity. The problem is solved in an axisymmetric formulation, i.e. all the parameters of the nonlinear relationship between the intensities of stresses and strains are functions of the radius. The article considers an example - the stress distribution in the inhomogeneous soil massif with a cylindrical cavity.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.38-45

References
  1. Andreev V.I., Malashkin Yu.N. Raschet tolstostennoy truby iz nelineyno-uprugogo materiala [Calculation of Thick-Walled Pipe of a Nonlinear-Elastic Material]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1983, no. 6, pp. 70—72. (In Russian)
  2. Birger I.A. Nekotorye obshchie metody resheniya zadach teorii plastichnosti [Some Common Methods for Solving the Problems of the Theory of Plasticity]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1951, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 765—770. (In Russian)
  3. Novozhilov I.V. Ob utochnenii predel’nykh modeley mekhaniki [On a Refinement of Limit Models of Mechanics]. Nelineynaya mekhanika [Nonlinear Mechanics]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ., 2001, 432 p. (In Russian)
  4. Stupishin L.U., Nikitin K.E. Numerical Research Methodology of Free Oscillations of Geometrically Nonlinear Shell Using the Mixed Finite Element Method. Advanced Materials Research. 2014, vol. 988, pp. 338—341. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.988.338.
  5. Stupishin L.U., Nikitin K.E. Determining the Frequency of Free Oscillations Geometrically Nonlinear Shell Using the Mixed Finite Element Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vols. 580—583, pp. 3017—3020. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.580-583.3017.
  6. Grigorenko Ya.M., Vasilenko A.T., Pankratova N.D. Nesimmetrichnaya deformatsiya tolstostennykh neodnorodnykh sfericheskikh obolochek [Asymmetrical Non-Uniform Deformation of the Thick-Walled Spherical Shells]. Doklady AN USSR [Reports of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences ]. Series A, 1981, no. 6, pp. 42—45. (In Russian)
  7. Kolchin G.B. Raschet elementov konstruktsiy iz uprugikh neodnorodnykh materialov [Calculation of Structural Elements Made of Inhomogeneous Elastic Materials]. Kishinev, Kartya Moldovenyaske Publ., 1971, 172 p. (In Russian)
  8. Kolchin G.B. Ploskie zadachi teorii uprugosti neodnorodnykh tel [Plane Problems of Elasticity Theory of Inhomogeneous Bodies]. Kishinev, Shtiintsa Publ., 1977, 119 p. (In Russian)
  9. Ol’shak V., Rykhlevsky Ya., Urbanovskiy V. Teoriya plastichnosti neodnorodnykh tel [Theory of Plasticity of Heterogeneous Bodies]. Translated from English. Moscow Mir, 1964. 156 s. (In Russian)
  10. Rostovtsev N.A. K teorii uprugosti neodnorodnykh tel [To the Theory of Elasticity of Inhomogeneous Bodies]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1964, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 601—611. (In Russian)
  11. Nowinski J. Axisymmetric Problem of the Steady-State Thermal-Dependent Properties. Applied Scientific Research. 1964, vol. 12, no. 4—5, pp. 349—377. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03185007.
  12. Olszak W., Urbanovski W., Rychlewski J. Sprężysto-plastyczny gruboscienny walec niejednorodny pod działaniem parcia wewnetrznego i siły podłużnej. Arch. mech. stos. 1955, vol. VII, no. 3, pp. 315—336.
  13. Olszak W., Urbanowski W. Sprężysto-plastyczna gruboscienna powłoka kulista z materiału niejednorodnego poddana działaniu cisnienia wewnetrznego i zewnetrznego. Rozprawy inżynierskie. 1956, vol. IV, no. 1, pp. 23—41.
  14. Andreev V.I. Ravnovesie tolstostennogo shara iz nelineynogo neodnorodnogo materiala [Equilibrium of a Thick-Walled Sphere Made of Nonlinear Inhomogeneous Material]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1983, no. 2, pp. 24—27. (In Russian)
  15. Andreev V.I. Nekotorye zadachi i metody mekhaniki neodnorodnykh tel [Some Problems and Methods of Inhomogeneous Bodies Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2002, 288 p. (In Russian)
  16. Vasilenko A.T., Grigorenko Ya.M., Pankratova N.D. Napryazhennoe sostoyanie tolstostennykh neodnorodnykh sfericheskikh obolochek pri nesimmetrichnykh nagruzkakh [The Stress State of Thick-Walled Non-Uniform Spherical Shells]. Prikladnaya mekhanika [Applied Mechanics]. 1982, vol. XVIII, no. 4, pp. 22—28. (In Russian)
  17. Grigorenko Ya.M., Vasilenko A.T., Pankratova N.D. O reshenii zadach statiki sloistykh obolochek v trekhmernoy postanovke [On the Solution of Statics Problems of Layered Shells in Three-Dimensional Statement]. Vychislitel’naya i prikladnaya matematika [Computational and Applied Mathematics]. 1981, no. 43, pp. 123—132. (In Russian)
  18. Andreev V.I. About the Unloading in Elastoplastic Inhomogeneous Bodies. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2013, vols. 353—356, pp. 1267—1270. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.353-356.1267.
  19. Lukash P.A. Osnovy nelineynoy stroitel’noy mekhaniki [Fundamentals of Nonlinear Structural Mechanics]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 208 p. (In Russian)
  20. Andreev V.I. Equilibrium of a Thick-Walled Sphere of Inhomogeneous Nonlinear-Elastic Material. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2013, vols. 423—426, pp. 1670—1674. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.423-426.1670.

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Determination of heat losses of a window frame to the wall joint when replacing the outdated constructions of window blocks with modern ones

  • Bedov Anatoliy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gaysin Askar Miniyarovich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), Office 225, 195, Mendeleeva St., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.
  • Gabitov Azat Ismagilovich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), 195 Mendeleeva str., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Galeev Rinat Grigor’evich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Highways and Technology of Construction Production, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), 195 Mendeleeva str., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation.
  • Salov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Highways and Technology of Construction Production, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), 195 Mendeleeva str., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shibirkina Marina Sergeevna - Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) engineer, Department of Highways and Technology of Construction Production, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU), 195 Mendeleeva str., Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 46-57

In the Soviet Union a lot of residential buildings with wooden window systems were built. In the last 15 years the requirements to heat protection of buildings have strengthened and the technologies of window systems production have developed. New window constructions appeared, in which window frames of PVC profiles are used. So now double-casement windows with glass are replaced by single-casement with glass units. The replacement of windows is associated with a number of specific problems. The authors analyzed the quantitative parameters of the heat losses in the claddings of brick buildings. It was revealed that significant heat leakage occurs in the joint areas of window frame with the wall, at the junction of slopes. The authors offer a quantitative calculation of heat losses in these units in case of two-dimensional heat flux based on thermal conductivity matrix taking into account the convective heat transfer. On the basis of this calculation a computer program was developed that allows pinpointing the most problematic areas for choosing rational actions for elimination of cold bridges.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.46-57

References
  1. Boriskina I.V., Shvedov N.V., Plotnikov A.A. Sovremennye svetoprozrachnye konstruktsii grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Modern Translucent Constructions of Civil Buildings]. Saint Petersburg, NIUPTs «Mezhregional’nyy institut okna» Publ., 2005, vol. 1. Osnovy proektirovaniya [Fundamentals of the Design]. 160 p. (In Russian)
  2. Babkov V.V., Gaysin A.M., Fedortsev I.V., Sinitsin D.A., Kuznetsov D.V., Naftulovich I.M., Kil’dibaev R.S., Kolesnik G.S., Karanaeva R.Z., Savateev E.B., Dolgodvorov V.A., Gusel’nikova N.E., Gareev P.P. Teploeffektivnye konstruktsii naruzhnykh sten zdaniy, primenyaemye v praktike proektirovaniya i stroitel’stva respubliki Bashkortostan [Thermal Efficiency of External Walls of Buildings Used in the Practice of Design and Construction in the Republic of Bashkortostan]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2006, no. 5, pp. 43—46. (In Russian)
  3. Gaysin A.M., Gareev R.R., Babkov V.V., Nedoseko I.V., Samokhodova S.Yu. Dvadtsatiletniy opyt primeneniya vysokopustotnykh vibropressovannykh betonnykh blokov v Bashkortostane [Twenty Years Experience of Applying High-Hollow Vibrocompressed Concrete Blocks in Bashkortostan]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 82—86. (In Russian)
  4. Bedov A.I., Babkov V.V., Gabitov A.I., Gajsin A.M., Rezvov O.A., Kuznecov D.V., Gafurova Je.A., Sinicin D.A. Konstruktivnye reshenija i osobennosti rascheta teplozaschity naruzhnyh sten zdanij na osnove avtoklavnyh gazobetonnyh blokov [Structural Solutions and Special Features of the Thermal Protection Analysis of Exterior Walls of Buildings Made of Autoclaved Gas-Concrete Blocks]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 98—103. (In Russian)
  5. Babkov V.V., Gaysin A.M., Arkhipov V.G., Naftulovich I.M., Gareev R.R., Moskalev A.P., Kolesnik G.S. Mnogoetazhnye oblitsovki v konstruktsiyakh naruzhnykh teploeffektivnykh trekhsloynykh sten zdaniy [Multi-storey Veneer at the Exterior Thermal Efficient Three-Layer Walls of Buildings]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2003, no. 10, pp. 10—13. (In Russian)
  6. Samarin O.D. Osnovy obespecheniya mikroklimata zdaniy [Bases of Maintenance of Microclimate in Buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2014, 208 p. (In Russian)
  7. Nedoseko I.V., Pudovkin A.N., Kuz’min V.V., Aliev R.R. Keramzitobeton v zhilishchno-grazhdanskom stroitel’stve v Respublike Bashkortostan. Problemy i perspektivy [Claydite-concrete in Civil Engineering in the Republic of Bashkortostan. Problems and Prospects]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 16—20. (In Russian)
  8. Rakhmankulov D.L., Gabitov A.I., Abdrakhimov R.R., Gaysin A.M., Gabitov A.A. Iz istorii razvitiya kontrolya kachestva materialov i tekhnologiy [From the History of Quality Control Development of Materials and Technologies]. Bashkirskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal [Bashkir Chemical Journal]. 2006, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 93—95. (In Russian)
  9. Samarin V.S., Babkov V.V., Gaysin A.M., Egorkin N.S. Perspektivy krupnopanel’nogo domostroeniya v Respublike Bashkortostan [The Prospects of Large-Panel Housing Construction in the Republic Bashkortostan]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 12—14. (In Russian)
  10. Shagmanov R.R., Shibirkina M.S. Raschet teplozashchitnykh kharakteristik okon [Calculation of Thermal Properties of Windows]. Problemy stroitel’nogo kompleksa Rossii : materialy XIKh Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheckoy konferentsii (g. Ufa, 10—12 marta 2015 g.)[The Problems of the Construction Complex of Russia : Materials of the 19th International Scientific-Technical Conference, 10—12 March 2015]. Ufa, 2015, pp. 90—92. (In Russian)
  11. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Teoreticheskie predposylki rascheta privedennogo soprotivleniya teploperedache ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Theoretical Background the Calculation of Reduced Resistance to Heat Transfer of Enclosing Structures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 12, pp. 4—12. (In Russian)
  12. Bedov A.I., Balakshin A.S., Voronov A.A. Prichiny avariynykh situatsiy v ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiyakh iz kamennoy kladki mnogosloynykh sistem v mnogoetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniyakh [The Causes of Emergencies in Building Constructions of Stone Clad Systems in High-Rise Residential Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Reconstruction]. 2014, no. 6 (56), pp. 11—17. (In Russian)
  13. Mirsaev R.N, Babkov V.V., Nedoseko I.V., Yunusova S.S., Pechenkina T.V., Krasnogorov M.I. Opyt proizvodstva i ekspluatatsii gipsovykh stenovykh izdeliy [Experience of Production and Operation of Gypsum Wall Products]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 78—80. (In Russian)
  14. Nedoseko I.V., Ishmatov F.I., Aliev R.R. Primenenie konstruktsionno-teploizolyatsionnogo keramzitobetona v nesushchikh i ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiyakh zdaniy zhilishchno-grazhdanskogo naznacheniya [Application of Structural Insulating Concrete in Load-Bearing and Enclosing Structures of Buildings of Housing and Civil Purposes]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 14—17. (In Russian)
  15. Norrie D.H., de Vries G. Vvedenie v metod konechnykh elementov [An Introduction to Finite Element]. Russian translation. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1981, 304 p. (In Russian)
  16. Salov A.S. Raschet optimal’nogo variantnogo secheniya i variantnogo armirovaniya izgibaemogo zhelezobetonnogo elementa po kriteriyu snizheniya materialoemkosti i ratsional’nogo sochetaniya klassov betona i armatury: Svidetel’stvo o gosudarstvennoy registratsii programmy dlya EVM № 2011613598; pravoobladatel’ GOU VPO UGNTU ; zayavl. 21.03.2011 ; zareg. 05.05.2011 [Calculation of Optimal Variant and Variant-Sectional Reinforcement of Flexible Reinforced Concrete Element According to the Criterion of Reducing the Consumption of Materials and a Rational Combination of Classes of Concrete and Reinforcement: the Certificate of State Registration of Computer Programs no. 2011613598; the patent holder GOU VPO UGNTU; registered 05.05.2011]. (In Russian)
  17. Lukashevich A.A. Postroenie i realizatsiya skhem pryamogo metoda konechnykh elementov dlya resheniya kontaktnykh zadach [The Design and Implementation of Schemes of Direct Finite Element Method for the Solution of Contact Problems]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2007, no. 12, pp. 18—23. (In Russian)
  18. Shoykhet B.M. Struktura i pronitsaemost’ voloknistykh teploizolyatsionnykh materialov [Structure and Permeability of Fibrous Heat-Insulating Materials]. Tekhnologii stroitel’stva [Technologies of Construction]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 96—98. (In Russian)
  19. Umnyakova N.P., Butovskiy I.N., Chebotarev A.G. Razvitie metodov normirovaniya teplozashchity energoeffektivnykh zdaniy [Development of the Methods for Measurement of Thermal Insulation of Energy Efficient Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 19—23. (In Russian)
  20. Khayrullin V.A., Shibirkina M.S. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie kachestva konechnoy stroitel’noy produktsii [State Regulation of the Quality of the Final Construction Products]. Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal [Eurasian Law Journal]. 2014, no. 9 (76), pp. 204—205. (In Russian)
  21. Korchagin P.V. Vybor setki v metode konechnykh elementov dlya rascheta potoka veshchestva cherez granitsu pri reshenii zadachi perenosa [Choice of Mesh in the Finite Element Method to Calculate the Flux of Matter through the Boundary When Solving Transfer Problems]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Severo-Kavkazskiy region. Seriya: Estestvennye nauki. Prilozhenie [University News. North-Caucasian Region. Natural Sciences Series. Appendix]. 2004, no. S2, pp. 72—74. (In Russian)
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  23. Rombach G.A. Finite Element Design of Concrete Structures : Practical Problems and Their Solutions. London, Thomas Telford Publishing, 2004, 300 p.
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  25. Sharafutdinova M.V., Usmanova D.Z., Salov A.S. Monitoring tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya ekspluatiruemykh ob”ektov, raspolozhennykh vblizi stroitel’noy ploshchadki [Monitoring of Technical State of Operating Facilities Located Near Construction Site]. 63-ya nauchno-tekhnicheskaya konferentsiya studentov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh UGNTU : sbornik materialov konferentsii [63-th Scientific and Technical Conference of Students, Postgraduates and Young Scientists of USPTU: Proceedings of the Conference]. Ufa, UGNTU Publ., 2012, book 3, pp. 150—153. (In Russian)
  26. Karanaeva R.Z., Babkov V.V., Kolesnik G.S., Sinitsin D.A. Rabota penopolistirola v sostave teploeffektivnykh naruzhnykh sten zdaniy po sisteme fasadnoy teploizolyatsii [Operation of EPS in the Composition of Thermal Efficient External Walls of Buildings According to the System of Facade Heat Insulation]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2009, no. 8, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)

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Field tests and numerical experiments of composite reinforced concrete floor

  • Zamaliev Farit Sakhapovich - Department of Metal Structures and Testing of Structures, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (KSUAE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Metal Structures and Testing of Structures, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (KSUAE), 1 Zelenaya st., Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Morozov Vadim Andreevich - Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (KSUAE) Master, Department of Metal Constructions and Test of Structures, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (KSUAE), 1 Zelenaya str., Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 58-67

In the recent years there appeared a tendency of widening the use of composite reinforced concrete structures in Russian construction practice, which keeps current the further investigations of their stress-strain state. In order to estimate the stress-strain state of composite reinforced concrete structures different methods are used: both analytical and experimental. In spite of material and labour costs field tests give the most correct indexes of the behavior of structures in actual operating conditions. The experimental investigations of composite reinforced concrete floors of civil buildings having considerable slenderness allow exploring new qualitative data of their stress-strain state. The authors offer the analysis of experimental investigations of composite reinforced concrete structures, in particular, composite reinforced concrete floor. They described geometrical and physical parameters of a test piece, the methods of measurements and tests, the experiment’s results are analyzed. The charts of flexure, stress blocks and distribution of moments are offered. The authors also give the results of numerical experiments and comparisons of stress-strain state of composite reinforced concrete floor with the results of field tests and their analysis.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.58-67

References
  1. Almazov V.O. Problemy ispol’zovaniya Evrokodov v Rossii [Problems of Using Eurocodes in Russia]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 36—38. (In Russian)
  2. Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures — Part 1: General Rules for Buildings. European Committee for Standardization, 2002, 226 p.
  3. Mirsayapov I.T., Zamaliev F.S., Shaymardanov R.I. Otsenka prochnosti normal’nykh secheniy stalezhelezobetonnykh izgibaemykh elementov pri odnokratnom kratkovremennom staticheskom nagruzhenii [Estimating the Stability of Normal Sections of Composite Reinforced Concrete Bending Elements at Single Short-Term Static Loading]. Vestnik Volzhskogo regional’nogo otdeleniya RAASN [Proceedings of Volga Regional Department of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2002, no. 5, pp. 247—250. (In Russian)
  4. Salmon Ch.G. Handbook of Composite Construction Engineering. Part 2: Composite Steel-concrete Construction. New York, 1982, pp. 41—79.
  5. Mirsayapov I.T., Zamaliev F.S. Stalezhelezobetonnye izgibaemye konstruktsii dlya usloviy rekonstruktsii i otsenka ikh prochnosti [Composite Reinforced Concrete Bending Structures for the Conditions of Reconstruction and Estimation of their Stability]. Materialy II mezhregional’nogo nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara [Materials of the 2nd Interregional Science and Practice Seminar]. Cheboksary, 2001, pp. 67—70. (In Russian)
  6. Hendy C.R., Johnson R. Designers’ Guide to EN 1994-2 Eurocode 4: Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures. Part 2, General Rules and Rules for Bridges. Thomas Telford Ltd., 2006, 208 p.
  7. Almazov V.O. Garmonizatsiya stroitel’nykh norm: neobkhodimost’ i vozmozhnosti [Harmonization of Construction Norms: Necessity and Possibilities]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 51—54. (In Russian)
  8. Pekin D.A. Plitnaya stalezhelezobetonnaya konstruktsiya [Slabby Composite Reinforced Concrete Structure]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 440 p. (In Russian)
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  13. Corley W.G., Hawkins N.M. Shearhead Reinforcement for Slabs. J. of the American Concrete Institute. 1968, vol. 65, no. 10, pp. 811—824. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10/1/1968.
  14. Belkin A.E., Gavryushin S.S. Raschet plastin metodom konechnykh elementov [Calculation of Slabs Using Finite Element Method]. Moscow, MGTU im. N.E. Baumana Publ., 2008, 232 p. (In Russian)
  15. Zamaliev F.S., Shaymardanov R.I. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya stalezhelezobetonnykh konstruktsii na krupnomasshtabnykh modelyakh [Experimental Investigations of Composite Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Large-Scale Models]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering News]. 2008, no. 2 (10), pp. 47—52. (In Russian)
  16. Zamaliev F.S. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya prostranstvennoy raboty stalezhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Experimental Research of Three-dimensional Performance of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 53—60. (In Russian)
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  18. Gibshman E.E. Proektirovanie stal’nykh konstruktsiy, ob”edinennykh s zhelezobetonom, v avtodorozhnykh mostakh [Design of Steel Structures Combined with Reinforced Concrete in Railway Bridges]. Moscow, Avtotransizdat Publ., 1956, 231 p. (In Russian)
  19. Gibshman M.E. Raschet kombinirovannykh konstruktsiy mostov s uchetom usadki i sil iskusstvennogo regulirovaniya [Calculation of Combined Structures of Bridges with Account for Shrinkage and Forces of Artificial Control]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1963, no. 2, pp. 31—34. (In Russian)
  20. Streletskiy N.N. Stalezhelezobetonnye proletnye stroeniya mostov [Composite Reinforced Concrete Bridge Frameworks]. 2-nd edition, enlarged. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1981, 360 p. (In Russian)

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The projected effect from acceptance of constructive solutions to ensure the reliability of an industrial facility

  • Zolina Tat’yana Vladimirovna - State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU") Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, First Vice-rector, State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU"), 18 Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sadchikov Pavel Nikolaevich - State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU") Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automated Design and Modeling Systems, State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU"), 18 Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 68-79

The article raises the problem of increasing the reliability of an industrial building bearing the entire set of frame disturbances. One of the ways to solve it is to mount extra structural elements, previously unrecorded in the design of the object. During the study we examined some of them: installation of mechanical transverse stiffening diaphragms; increasing the rigidity of the column part above the crane; arranging connecting rods located in levels of covering in the temperature seam and crane beams. Choosing the most effective option is determined by constructive and technological features of the research object. In our case, it acts as a one-storey industrial building of hull workshop of Astrakhan maritime shipyard, equipped with overhead cranes. Using this example the calculations, which were carried out, allow estimating the effect from acceptance of constructive solutions for installation of reinforced concrete diaphragms of stiffness at the edges of framework and increase the rigidity of the column part above the crane. During the study four options are considered for calculation scheme using wall panels. These should include representation of the device: as a solid wall; in two columns wide; for large aperture sizes; at the low altitude of the end of the opening. We have presented a comparative analysis of the results before and after the introduction of the corresponding elements in the calculating model of the research object. In the accepted system of constructive measures disc coating with high horizontal rigidity distributes the load on the front diaphragm. Increasing the stiffness of above the tower crane column part gives an additional effect, as an overhead crane is located closer to the cover and in case of the column of more developed section in the above the crane area, it passes the covering greater effort. In its turn, it prevents the transverse displacement and rotation, involving the entire framework into operation. The introduction of these measures contributes to: equal declining of displacements of stresses loads from the action of the nodal points of the frame, both in the level of brake beams and in the surface level; increasing the period of achieving the object’s maximal allowable condition and an extended period of its faultless operation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.68-79

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  18. Tamrazyan A.G. Otsenka obobshchennogo riska promyshlennykh ob”ektov, svyazannogo so stroitel’stvom i ekspluatatsiey [Estimation of Generalized Risk of Industrial Objects Associated with Construction and Operation]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Building Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2011, no. 11 (154), pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  19. Kagan P.B. Analiz pokazateley investitsionno-stroitel’nykh programm [Analysis of Investment-Building Program Indicators]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 6—3 (59—3), pp. 614—616. (In Russian)
  20. Korol’ E.A. Analiz sostoyaniya i tendentsiy gradostroitel’noy deyatel’nosti v realizatsii proektov rekonstruktsii i renovatsii promyshlennykh zon Moskvy [Analysis of Status and Trends of Urban Development Activities While Implementing the Projects of Reconstruction and Renovation of Industrial Zones in Moscow]. Nedvizhimost’: ekonomika, upravlenie [Real Estate: Economy, Management]. 2014, no. 1—2, pp. 48—51. (In Russian)

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NUMERICAL PREDICTION OF RESIDUAL STRESSES IN OPEN-ENDED THICK-WALLED CROSS-PLY FILAMENT WOUND FIBER-REINFORCED CYLINDERS

  • Turusov Robert Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Memarianfard Hamed - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 80-89

In this paper a three-dimensional finite element analysis employed to predict thermal residual stresses field which arises during the cooling stage at the free edges of a thick walled filament wound cylinder with cross-ply lamination. The inner radius of composite is 50 mm and outer radius is 75 mm and the thickness of steel mandrel is 3 mm. The results showed that the radial stresses near the free ends of the cylinder increased two times compared to radial stresses in the middle of the cylinder and interlaminar shear stresses exceeded 6 MPa close to the free edges.Thus, a two-dimensional stress analysis does not fully reflect the complex state of stress of thick-walled cross-ply filament wound cylinders.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.80-89

References
  1. Casari P., Jacquemin F., Davies P. Characterization of Residual Stresses in Wound Composite Tubes. Applied Science and Manufacturing. February 2006, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 337—343. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.03.026.
  2. Korotkov V.N., Turusov R.A., Andreevska G.D., Rosenberg B.A. Temperature Stresses in polymers and composites. Mechanics of composites. NY, March 1981, pp. 290—295.
  3. Korotkov V.N., Turnsov R.A., Rozenberg B.A. Thermal Stresses in Cylinders Made of Composite Material During Cooling and Storing. Mechanics of Composite Materials. March 1983, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 218—222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00604228.
  4. Korotkov V.N., Turusov R.A., Dzhavadyan É.A., Rozenberg B.A. Production Stresses During the Solidification of Cylindrical Articles Formed from Polymer Composite Materials. Mechanics of Composite Materials. January 1986, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 99—103.
  5. Afanas’ev Yu.A., Ekel’chik V.S., Kostritskii S.N. Temperature Stresses in Thick-Walled Orthotropic Cylinders of Reinforced Polymeric Materials on Nonuniform Cooling. Mechanics of Composite Materials. July 1981, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 451—457. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00604863.
  6. Hyer M.W., Rousseau C.Q. Thermally Induced Stresses and Deformations in Angle-Ply Composite Tubes. Journal of Composite Materials. 1987, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 454—480. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002199838702100504.
  7. Roos R., Kress G., Barbezat M., Ermanni P. Enhanced Model For Interlaminar Normal Stress In Singly Curved Laminates. Composite Structures. 2007, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 327—333. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2006.05.022.
  8. Liu K.S, Tsai S.W. A Progressive Quadratic Failure Criterion for a Laminate. Composites Science and Technology. 1998, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 1023—1032. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(96)00141-8.
  9. Puppo A.H, Evensen H.A. Interlaminar Shear in Laminated Composite under Generalized Plane Stress. J Compos Mater. 1970, vol. 4, pp. 204—220.
  10. Pipes R.B., Pagano N.J. Interlaminar Stresses in Composite Laminates under Uniform Axial Extension. Journal of Composite Materials. 1970, vol. 4, pp. 538—548.
  11. Rybicki E.F. Approximate Three-Dimensional Solutions for Symmetric Laminates under In-Plane Loading. Journal of Composite Materials. 1971, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 354—360. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002199837100500305.
  12. Wang A.S.D., Crossman F.W. Calculation of Edge Stresses in Multi-Layered Laminates by Sub-Structuring. Journal of Composite Materials. April 1978, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 76—83. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002199837801200106.
  13. Murthy P.L.N., Chamis C.C. Free-Edge Delamination: Laminate Width and Loading Conditions Effects. Journal of Composites, Technology and Research. 1989, vol. 11 (1), pp. 15—22. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/CTR10144J.
  14. Dong S.B., Pister K.S., Taylor R.L. On the Theory of Laminated Anisotropic Shells and Plates. Journal of the Aerospace Sciences. 1962, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 969—975.
  15. Turusov R.A., Korotkov V.N., Rogozinskii A.K., Kuperman A.M., Sulyaeva Z.P., Garanin V.V., Rozenberg B.A. Technological Monolithic Character of Shells Formed from Polymeric Composition Materials. Mechanics of Composite Materials. 1988, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 773—777. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00616802.
  16. Autar K. Kaw. Mechanics of Composite Materials. Second Edition, CRC Press, November 2, 2005, p. 96.
  17. Zienkiewicz O.C., Taylor R.L. The Finite Element Method for Solid and Structural Mechanics. Sixth Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005, p. 8.
  18. Bathe Klaus-Jürgen. Finite Element Procedures. Prentice Hall, 1996, p. 171.
  19. René De Borst, Mike A. Crisfield, Joris J.C. Remmers, Clemens V. Verhoosel, Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Solids and Structures. Wiley, 2012, 540 p.
  20. Zienkiewicz O.C., Taylor R.L. The Finite Element Method: Its Basis and Fundamentals. Sixth Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005, p. 121.

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TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

Technical eguipment in the construction: problems and ways to improve

  • Tuskaeva Zalina Ruslanovna - North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgical (State Technical University) (NCIMM STU) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Operations, North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgical (State Technical University) (NCIMM STU), 44 Nikolaeva str., Vladikavkaz, 362021, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 90-109

Construction equipment is one of the most significant factors contributing to the decrease in the cost of the work, increase of the profitability of the industry as a whole. In the process of reforming of the Russian economy in general and the construction complex in particular, technical equipment of building production has fallen sharply both in quantitative and qualitative sense. Vehicles with expired service life have a sharp drop in performance. Burden on many kinds of construction machinery have increased. There is a growing need for repair and renovation of the construction equipment fleet. There is a relatively high proportion of the massive equipment where the need for it is low. This is accompanied by higher costs for small-scale works. Serious problems were also detected in the sphere of construction equipment repair. This market is divided into two categories: very expensive services with spare parts, and relatively inexpensive, but not enough qualified services with a corresponding guarantee of reliability. In the context of the difficult financial situation of building units it is becoming a significant problem. Major concerns arise on how to optimize the technical and economic indicators of operation of the machines due to the increase in the cost of purchased equipment and operating costs for its maintenance. The analysis of the use of construction machinery shows that a solution to the problems existing in this specific part of the construction activities is required. The time has come when it is necessary to develop and implement the strategy development and effective use of technical equipment in the construction. The paper outlines the key issues and suggests the approaches to improve the technical equipment in the construction.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.90-109

References
  1. Asaul V.V. Analiz konkurentnogo rynka stroitel’nykh rabot i uslug [Analysis of the Competitive Market of Construction Works and Services]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2005, no. 7, pp. 14—25. (In Russian)
  2. Asaul A.N., Starovoytov M.K., Faltinskiy R.A. Upravlenie zatratami v stroitel’stve [Cost Management in Construction]. Saint Petersburg, IPEV Publ., 2009, 392 p. (In Russian)
  3. Babaeva D.G. Analiz sostoyaniya osnovnykh proizvodstvennykh fondov v promyshlennosti [Analysis of the State of Mechanical Facilities in the Industry]. Vestnik DGINKh: sbotnik nauchnykh trudov [Proceedings of Dagestan State Institute of National Economy: collection of scientific papers]. Makhachkala, 2006, issue X, pp. 76—81. (In Russian)
  4. Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O.E. Problemy povysheniya proizvodstvennogo potentsiala predpriyatiy stroitel’nogo kompleksa [Problems of Upgrading Production Capacity of Building Complex Companies]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2015, no. 3 (33), pp. 4—17. (In Russian)
  5. Buttaeva S.M. Sostoyanie i osnovnye napravleniya obespecheniya vosproizvodstva osnovnykh fondov [State and Trends to Ensure the Reproduction of Fixed Assets]. Uchenye zapiski Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo sotsial’nogo universiteta [Scientific Notes of Russian State Social University]. 2007, no. 2 (54), pp. 119—130. (In Russian)
  6. Dvizov D.A., Skidanov N.V. Razlichnye metody povysheniya effektivnosti ispol’zovaniya mashinnogo parka predpriyatiy i organizatsiy [Various Methods of Increasing the Efficiency of the Use of Machinery Fleet of Enterprises and Organizations]. X Mezhvuzovskaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya molodykh uchenykh i studentov g. Volzhskogo [10th Interuniversity Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists and Students of the Volzhski City]. Volzhski, 2004, pp. 4—5. (In Russian)
  7. Ivanov V.N., Salikhov R.F. Povyshenie effektivnosti proizvodstvennoy i tekhnicheskoy ekspluatatsii parka dorozhno-stroitel’nykh mashin [Improving the Efficiency of the Production and Technical Operation of Road-Building Machines Fleet]. Omskiy nauchnyy vestnik [Scientific Herald of Omsk]. 2004, no. 1, pp. 92—94. (In Russian)
  8. Bazrov V.S. Promyshlenno-stroitel’nyy forum «Gostepriimnaya Osetiya» [Industry and Construction Forum “Hospitable Ossetia”]. Available at: http://kavkaz-expo.ru/docs/doc_121026094044.pdf. (In Russian)
  9. Itogi raboty stroitel’nogo kompleksa Respubliki Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya za 1 polugodie 2012 goda [The Working Results of the Building Complex of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania for the 1st half of 2012]. Available at: http://prokatuaz.ru/index.php?view=article&catid=15:2011-03-01-09-26-55&id=142:-1-2012&tmpl=component&print=1&page=&option=com_content. (In Russian)
  10. Volkov D.P., Nikolaev S.N. Nadezhnost’ stroitel’nykh mashin i oborudovaniya [Reliability of Construction Machinery and Equipment]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1979, 400 p. (In Russian)
  11. Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O.E. Osnovnye fondy stroitel’stva: vosproizvodstvo i obnovlenie [Main Funds of the Construction: Reproduction and Renovation]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2014, 351 p. (In Russian)
  12. Repin S.V., Savel’ev A.V. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’nykh rabot i problemy, svyazannye s ispol’zovaniem stroitel’noy tekhniki [Mechanization of Construction Works and the Problems Associated with the Use of Construction Equipment]. Stroit.RU. 28.11.2006. Available at: http://library.stroit.ru/articles/mehanizm/index.html. (In Russian)
  13. Tuskaeva Z.R. Innovatsionnye mekhanizmy effektivnogo upravleniya tekhnicheskoy osnashchennost’yu v stroitel’stve [Innovative Mechanisms for Effective Management of Technical Equipment in the Construction]. Novosibirsk, TsRNS Publ., 2015, 108 p. (In Russian)
  14. Tuskaeva Z.R. Strategicheskoe planirovanie effektivnogo ispol’zovaniya stroitel’noy tekhniki [Strategic Planning of the Efficient Use of Construction Equipment]. European Social Science Journal. 2015, no. 2 (53), pp. 51—55. (In Russian)
  15. Kamenetskiy M.I., Kostetskiy M.F. Inventarizatsiya i pereotsenka proizvodstvennykh fondov — osnova modernizatsii real’nogo sektora rossiyskoy ekonomiki [Inventory and Revaluation of Production Facilities as the Basis for Real Sector of the Russian Economy Modernization]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 17—22. (In Russian)
  16. Kantorer S.E. Stroitel’nye mashiny i ekonomika ikh primeneniya (detali, konstruktsii i ekonomika primeneniya mashin) [Construction Machinery and the Economy of Their Application (Details, Design and Economics of the Use of Machinery)]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1973, 528 p. (In Russian)
  17. Rikoshinskiy A. Kommercheskiy transport i dorozhno-stroitel’naya tekhnika v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Commercial Transport and Road-Construction Techniques in Modern Conditions]. Osnovnye sredstva [Fixed Assets]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 38—39. (In Russian)
  18. Gordonov M. Pereotsenka osnovnykh fondov [Revaluation of Fixed Assets]. Rossiyskiy otsenshchik : internet-zhurnal [Russian Appraiser: Internet Journal]. 1999, no. 1—2 (44).Available at: http://proocenka.ru/doc.2007/ocenchik/1999/bul_01-0299.pdf. (In Russian)
  19. Tuskaev T.R. Strategiya upravleniya tekhnicheskim potentsialom [Management Strategy of Technical Potential]. Ekonomika sel’skokhozyaystvennykh i pererabatyvayushchikh predpriyatiy [Economics of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises]. 2002, no. 3, pp. 49—52. (In Russian)
  20. Tuskaeva Z.R. Strategicheskoe planirovanie kak klyuchevoy faktor povysheniya osnashchennosti stroitel’noy tekhnikoy [Strategic Planning as a Key Factor in Increasing the Construction Equipment]. Global’nyy nauchnyy potentsial [Global Scientific Potential]. 2015, no. 4 (49), pp. 101—104. (In Russian)
  21. Kolegaev R.N. Ekonomicheskaya otsenka kachestva i optimizatsii sistemy remonta mashin [Economic Evaluation of the Quality and Optimization of the Machinery Repair System]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1980, 239 p. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Powder concretes with technogenic materials

  • Tolstoy Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials Science, Products and Constructions, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov), 46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lesovik Valeriy Stanislavovich - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials Science, Products and Constructions, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov), 46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zagorodnyuk Liliya Khasanovna - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials Science, Products and Constructions, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov), 46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kovaleva Irina Aleksandrovna - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Materials Science, Products and Constructions, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V. G. Shukhov), 46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-109

Beginning with the 1970s many specialists have been dedicating their works to investigation of the possibility to use concrete modifications of non-organic materials containing amorphous silica. Almost any industrial product is beginning with raw materials obtained from the planetary interior or formed on its surface. That’s why the problem of selective choice and utilization of industrial waste is of a global character, so it is of great importance. Currently, the attention of scientists and engineers is attracted by the widespread use of high-strength concrete, different from the usual one by high content of cement stone, lesser grain size, multi-component, increased specific surface area of the filler. The performance properties of concrete to a large extent depend on the properties of aggregate and water content. It is known that empirical way to search for improving the strength of concrete has always been a laborious and time-consuming. In this regard, the actual conditions for forming a preliminary study of high-strength concrete structure have been investigated, as well as the role of processing methods in the process and nature of the impact on the quality of a concrete structure.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.101-109

References
  1. Bazhenov Yu.M., Dem’yanova V.S., Kalashnikov V.I. Modifitsirovannye vysokoprochnye betony [Modified High Strength Concretes]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2007, 368 p. (In Russian)
  2. Kaprielov S.S., Sheynfel’d A.V., Kardumyan G.S. Novye modifitsirovannye betony [New Modified Concretes]. Мoscow, Tipografia Paradiz Publ., 2010, 258 p. (In Russian)
  3. Bornemann R., Fenling E. Ultrahochfester Beton-Entwicklung und Verhalten. Leipziger Massivbauseminar. 2000, Bd. 10, S. 1—15.
  4. Schmidt M., Bornemann R. Möglichkeiten und Crensen von Hochfester Beton. Proc. 14, Jbausil. 2000, Bd. 1, S. 1083—1091.
  5. Batrakov V.G. Modifitsirovannye betony [Modified Concrete]. Мoscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 400 p. (In Russian)
  6. Richard P., Cheurezy M. Composition of reactive powder concrete. Scientific Division Bougies. Cement and Concrete Research. 1995, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1501—1511.
  7. Schmidt M., Bomeman R. Moeglichkeiten und Crenzen von Hoch- und Ultra-Hochfestem Beton. Proc. 124IBAUSJL. 2000, Bd. 1, pp. 1083—1091.
  8. Grübe P., Lemmer C., Rühl M. Vom Gussbeton zum Selbstverdichtenden. Beton. Pp. 243—249.
  9. Tolstoy A.D. Shtampovannye vysokoprochnye poroshkovye dekorativnye betony [Pressed Powder High-Strength Decorative Concretes]. Naukoemkie tekhnologii i innovatsii (XXI nauchnye chteniya) : sbornik dokladov Yubileynoy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 60-letiyu BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova (g. Belgorod, 9—10 oktyabrya 2014 g.) [High Technology and Innovation. The Collection of the Reports of the Jubilee International Scientific and Practical Conference, Dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the BSTU. named after V.G Shukhov. Belgorod, October 9—10, 2014]. Belgorod, 2014, vol. 3. Effektivnye kompozity dlya «zelenogo» stroitel'stva [Efficient Composites for Green Construction]. Pp. 364—368. (In Russian)
  10. Tolstoi A.D., Lesovik V.S., Kovaleva I.A. High-Strength Decorative Complexes with Organo-Mineral Additives. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical. Biological and Chemical Sciences. September-October 2014, RJPBCS 5 (5), pp. 1607—1618.
  11. Tolstoy A.D., Lesovik V.S., Kovaleva I.A., Yakimovich I.V., Lukuttsova N.P. Vysokoprochnye materialy dlya dekorativnykh tseley [High-strength Materials for Decorative Purposes]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 51—53. (In Russian)
  12. Tolstoy A.D., Lesovik V.S., Kovaleva I.A. Organomineral’nye vysokoprochnye dekorativnye kompozitsii [Organogenic High-Strength Decorative Compositions]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova [Bulletin of the Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 67—69. (In Russian)
  13. Tolstoy A.D., Kovaleva I.A., Prisyazhnyuk A.P., Voronov V.V., Bazhenova O.G., Yakimovich I.V., Saridis Ya.V. Effektivnye poroshkovye kompozitsii na tekhnogennom syr’e [Effective Powder Compositions on Man-Made Raw Materials]. Sovremennye stroitel’nye materialy, tekhnologii i konstruktsii : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 95-letiyu FGBOU VPO «GGNTU imeni akademika M.D. Millionshchikova» (24—26 marta 2015 g., g. Groznyy) [Modern Building Materials, Technologies and Structures : Materials of the Intern. Scient. Conf., Dedicated to the 95th Anniversary of GGNTU Named after Acad. M.D. Millionschikohv]. In two volumes. Groznyy, FGUP «IPK “Groznenskiy”» Publ., 2015, vol. 1, pp. 406—411. (In Russian)
  14. De Larrard Francois. Ultrafine Particles for the Making of Very High Strength Concretes. Cem., Concr., and Aggreg. 1990, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 61—69.
  15. Kazlitin S.A., Lesovik R.V. K probleme proektirovaniya betonov dlya ustroystva promyshlennykh polov [To the Problem of Designing Concretes for Industrial Flooring]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologiche-skogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova [Bulletin of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 39—41. (In Russian)
  16. Lesovik V.S., Ageeva M.S., Shakarna M.I.H. Efficient Binding Using Composite Tuffs of the Middle East. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1286—1290. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.24.10.7002.
  17. Dolgopolov N.N., Fender L.A., Sukhanov M.A. Nekotorye voprosy razvitiya tekhnologii stroitel’nykh materialov [Some Issues of Developing the Building Materials Technology]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 1994, no. 1, pp. 5—6. (In Russian)
  18. Kaprielov S.S., Kardumyan G.S. Novye modifitsirovannye betony v sovremennykh sooruzheniyakh [New Modified Concretes in Modern Buildings]. Beton i zhelezobeton. Oborudovanie. Materialy. Tekhnologii [Concrete and Reinforced concrete — Equipment, Materials and Technologies]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 78—82. (In Russian)
  19. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura : Obzornaya informatsiya o mirovom urovne razvitiya, stroitel’noy nauke i tekhnike [Construction and Architecture : Survey Information on the World Level of the Development, Construction Science and Technology]. Moscow, VNIINTPI Gosstroya SSSR Publ., 1990, no. 5. Konstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy iz vysokoprochnogo betona [Constructions of Buildings and Structures of High-Strength Concrete]. Pp. 75—77. (Stroitel’nye konstruktsii) [Building Structures] (In Russian)
  20. Lesovik R.V., Vorsina M.S. Vysokoprochnyy beton dlya pokrytiy avtomobil’nykh dorog na osnove tekhnogennogo syr’ya [High-Strength Concrete for the Upper Layer Coating of Roads Based on Man-Made Materials]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2005, no. 5, pp. 46—48. (In Russian)

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Effect of carbon nanotubes on the properties of pmb and asphalt concrete

  • Shekhovtsova Svetlana Yur’evna - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Automobile and Rail Roads, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU), 46 Kostyukova str., Belgorod, 308012, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vysotskaya Marina Alekseevna - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU) Candidate of Technical sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobile and Rail Roads, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 110-119

In the modern world nanotechnologies are an integral part of successful and progressive development of all the areas of activity. Materials science is not an exception. The authors studied the method of nanomodification and its influence on the performance properties of polymer-modified binder (PMB) and asphalt concrete, produced on their basis. It is established that nanomodified PMB are less susceptible to aging, which is a consequence of the processes of peptization of asphalt-resin complexes (ARC) in the structure of the modified binder and the crosslinking with the polymer matrix. It is revealed that nanotubes (SWCN or MWCN) used as a modifier, act as crosslinking agent and the inhibitor of the aging process in a PMB. The influence of nanomodified PMB on strength and deformation properties of asphalt concrete is investigated. It was found out that the use of modified binder in the asphalt concrete mixtures enhances the water resistance of asphalt concrete, heat resistance and shear-resistance.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.110-119

References
  1. Vysotskaya M.A., Kuznetsov D.A., Rusina S.Yu., Chevtaeva E.V., Belikov D.A. Tendentsii razvitiya nanomodifikatsii kompozitov na organicheskikh vyazhushchikh v dorozhno-stroitel’noy otrasli [Development Trends of Nanomodifikation of Composites on Organic Binders in Road Construction]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova [Bulletin of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 17—20. (In Russian)
  2. Bazhenov Yu.M., Korolev E.V. Nanotekhnologiya i nanomodifitsirovanie v stroitel’nom materialovedenii. Zarubezhnyy i otechestvennyy opyt [Nanotechnology and Nanomodification in Building Materials Science. Foreign and Domestic Experience]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova [Bulletin of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov]. 2007, no. 2, pp. 17—22. (In Russian)
  3. Inozemtsev S.S., Korolev E.V. Ekspluatatsionnye svoystva nanomodifitsirovannykh shchebenochno-mastichnykh asfal’tobetonov [Operational Properties of Nanomodified Stone Mastic Asphalt]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 3, pp. 29—39. (In Russian)
  4. Quintero L.S., Sanabria L.E. Analysis of Colombian Bitumen Modified with a Nanocomposite. Journal of Testing and Evaluation (JTE). 2012, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 93—97. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1520/JTE20120198.
  5. Geim A.K., Novoselov K.S. The Rise of Graphene. Nature Materials. 2007, no. 6, pp. 183—191. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat1849.
  6. Stepanishchev N.V. Nanokompozity: problemy napolneniya [Nanocomposites: Problems of Filling]. Plastiks : Industriya pererabotki plastmass [Plastics: Plastics Processing Industry]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 23—27. (In Russian)
  7. Banhart F., Füller T., Redlich P., Ajayan P.M. The Formation, Annealing and Self-Compression of Carbon Onions under Electron Irradiation. Chemical Physics Letters. 1997, vol. 269, no. 3—4, pp. 349—355. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(97)00269-8.
  8. Dolmatov V.Yu. Kompozitsionnye materialy na osnove elastomernykh i polimernykh matrits, napolnennykh nanoalmazami detonatsionnogo sinteza [Composite Materials Based on Elastomer and Polymer Matrices Filled with Nanodiamonds of Detonation Synthesis]. Rossiyskie nanotekhnologii [Russian Nanotechnologies]. 2007, vol. 2, no. 7—8, pp. 19—37. (In Russian)
  9. Prokopets V.S., Galdina V.D. Bitumnye kompozitsii s dobavkoy agregatov nanochastits [Bituminous Compositions with Addition of Aggregates of Nanoparticles]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2012, no. 5 (160), pp. 16—17. (In Russian)
  10. Belin T., Epron F. Characterization Methods of Carbon Nanotubes: a Review. Materials Science and Engineering: B. 2005, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 105—118. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2005.02.046.
  11. Lobach A.S. Razrabotka kompozitsionnykh nanomaterialov na osnove khimicheski modifitsirovannykh odnostennykh uglerodnykh nanotrubok i vodorastvorimykh polimerov s zadannymi svoystvami [The Development of Composite Nanomaterials on the Basis of Chemically Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Water-Soluble Polymers with the Desired Properties]. Rusnanotech’ 08 : sbornik trudov Mezhdunarodnogo foruma po nanotekhnologiyam (g. Moskva, 3—5 dekabrya 2008 g.) [Proceedings of the International Forum on Nanotechnology “Rusnanotech 08”. (Moscow, December 3—5, 2008)]. Moscow, 2008, vol. 1, pp. 479—481. (In Russian)
  12. Kovalev Ya.N. Aktivatsionno-tekhnologicheskaya mekhanika dorozhnogo asfal’tobetona [Activation-Technological Mechanics of Road Asphalt]. Minsk, Vysheyshaya shkola Publ., 1990, 180 p. (In Russian)
  13. Lukashevich V.N. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii asfal’tobetonnykh smesey dlya uvelicheniya sroka sluzhby dorozhnykh pokrytiy [Improving the Technology of Asphalt Mixes to Increase the Service Life of Road Coating]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 1999, no. 11, pp. 9—10. (In Russian)
  14. Lysikhina A.I. Primenenie poverkhnostno-aktivnykh i drugikh dobavok pri stroitel’stve asfal’tobetonnykh i podobnykh im dorozhnykh pokrytiy [The Use of Surfactants and Other Additives in the Asphalt and Similar Road Surfaces]. Moscow, Avtotransizdat Publ., 1957, 56 p. (In Russian)
  15. Korolev I.V. Puti ekonomii bituma v dorozhnom stroitel’stve [Ways to Save Bitumen in Road Construction]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1986, 149 p. (In Russian)
  16. Juyal P., Garcia D.M., Andersen S.I. Effect on Molecular Interactions of Chemical Alteration of Petroleum Asphaltenes. I. Energy and Fuels. 2005, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1272—1281. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef050012b.
  17. Chianelli R.R., Siadati M., Mehta A., Pople J., Ortega L.P., Chiang L.Y. Self-Assembly of Asphaltene Aggregates: Synchrotron, Simulation and Chemical Modeling Techniques Applied to Problems in the Structure and Reactivity of Asphaltenes. Springer Verlag, New York, 2007, pp. 375—400. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-387-68903-6_15.
  18. Vysotskaya M.A., Rusina S.Yu., Kuznetsov D.A., Yazykina V.V., Spitsyna N.G., Lobach A.S. Patent 2496812 RF, MPK S08L 95/00, C08L 9/06, C08K 3/04, B82B 1/00. Polimerno-bitumnoe vyazhushchee i sposob ego polucheniya [Russian Patent 2496812 RF, MPK S08L 95/00, C08L 9/06, C08K 3/04, B82B 1/00. Polymer-Bitumen Binder and Method for Its Production]. No. 2012133131/05 ; appl. 01.08.2012 ; publ. 27.10.2013, bulletin no. 30. Patent holder FGBOU VPO “Belgorodskiy gosudarstvennyy tekhnologicheskiy universitetim. V.G. Shukhova”, pp. 1—8. (In Russian)
  19. Marina Vysotskaya, Dmitriy Kuznetsov, Svetlana Rusina. Experience and Prospects of Nanomodification Using in Production of Composites Based on Organic Binders. 5th International Conference NANOCON 2013 — Brno, Chech Repablik, EU. October 16th—18th, 2013.
  20. Vysotskaya M., Rusina S. Development of the Nanomodified Filler for Asphalt Concrete Mixes. Journal Applied Mechanic and Materials. 2015, vols. 725—726, pp. 511—516. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.725-726.511.
  21. Vysotskaya M.A., Rusina S.Yu. O perspektivakh ispol’zovaniya nanotrubok pri prigotovlenii polimer-bitumnogo vyazhushchego [On the Prospects of Using Nanotubes in the Production of Polymer-Asphalt Binder]. Dorogi i mosty [Roads and Bridges]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 171—187. (In Russian)

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Elements of automation of distance emergency alerts from persons with disabilities

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and automation in Construction, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Sergey Vladimirovich - State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia) Senior Lecturer, Department of Special Electrical Engineering of Automated Systems and Communications, State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia), 4 Borisa Galushkina str., Moscow, 129339, Russian Federation.

Pages 120-129

At the present time the system of “Smart house” allows passing messages on any type of emergencies only out loud (phone call), though some individuals with disabilities will not be able to report an accident. Moreover, the pall showed, that 55 % of respondents would prefer sending text message on fire or other emergency to operations control duty desk. The respondents of this group feel it’s easier to make a photo or video of the accident. Though it is still impossible to analyze the data received in this form and make decisions automatically. In the conditions of yearly increase of the number of mobile phones getting text messages on emergencies is as important as processing of voice calls. Receiving and processing text messages would be current in case of terrorist attack. Any victim can noiseless send just one word and inform on the emergency. The article analyzes the process of receiving and processing messages when calling the emergency number 112. We propose a module of sending Messages-112 by persons with disabilities in the system of “smart house” in the form of short text messages (SMS).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.120-129

References
  1. Antonov S.V. Opredelenie klyuchevykh slov dlya dezhurno-dispetcherskikh sluzhb Sistemy-112 [Identification of the Key Words for Duty and Dispatch Services of the System-112]. Pozhary i chrezvychaynye situatsii: predotvrashchenie, likvidatsiya [Fire and Emergencies: Prevention, Elimination]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  2. Antonov S.V. Obrabotka soobshcheniy, postupivshikh v dezhurno-dispetcherskie sluzhby «Sistemy 112» [Processing of Messages Received by the Duty and Dispatch Service of the «System 112»]. Fundamental’nye problemy radioelektronnogo priborostroeniya (INTERMATIC — 2014) : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii, (1—5 dekabrya 2014 g., g. Moskva) [Fundamental Problems of Electronic Instrument Engineering (INTERMATIC — 2014) : Proceedings of the International Scientific and Technical Conference (December 1—5, 2014, Moscow)]. Moscow, MGTU MIREA Publ., 2014, part 5, 277 p, pp. 59—64. (In Russian)
  3. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Promezhutochnoe programmnoe obespechenie v funktsional’-noy modeli intellektual’nogo zdaniya [Middleware for Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 182—187. (In Russian)
  4. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Sistemotekhnika funktsional’nogo modelirovaniya intellektual’nykh zdaniy [System Engineering of Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 188—193. (In Russian)
  5. Volkov A.A. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost’ uslovno-abstraktnykh ob”ektov (zdaniy i sooruzheniy) v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Integrated Safety of conditionally abstract objects (buildings and structures) in emergency situations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 30—35. (In Russian)
  6. Volkov A.A. Osnovy gomeostatiki zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Fundamentals of Homeostatic Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and civil Engineering]. 2002, no. 1, pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  7. Volkov A.A. Sistemy aktivnoy bezopasnosti stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Active Safety Systems of Construction Sites]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2000, no. 7, p. 13. (In Russian)
  8. Volkov A.A. Gomeostaticheskoe upravlenie zdaniyami [Homeostatic Management of Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2003, no. 4, pp. 9—10. (In Russian)
  9. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy. Chast’ 1 [Intelligence of Buildings. Part 1]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 186—190. (In Russian)

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Synergetic approach to the ecologization of industrial production

  • Fokina Zoya Titovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Podlesnykh Alisa Igorevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130-141

The questions of the relationship between economy and ecology of industrial production were described in the studies of the ecologization of cement production. The prospects of understanding of the production as a global integrated ecological-economic system were shown, the analysis of which should be applied by means of general principles of synergetics and by means of the ideas of the concept of sustainable development. Russia ranks fifth in terms of cement production in the world today. The cement industry is of great importance for the economic development of our country, because it produces the main type of construction materials for housing and industrial complex, and for the construction of infrastructure objects. Cement production is characterized by high resource and energy consumption. A significant increase in the production and consumption of cement causes the aggravation of the environmental situation and disruption to social and natural systems. For the optimization of the functioning of ecological-economic systems, it is necessary to analyze the socio-natural system from the standpoint of the ideas of synergetics. The main distinctive property of ecological-economic systems, which suggest its consideration using synergy, is its openness. The resources and other materials are coming from outside, after that it’s exposed, transformed and comes outside from the production cycle in the form of the final product and then comes to the users. During all stages of processing and during the use of final products the wastes are thrown away from the system. It causes pollution and harm to the ecological system. We can reduce this harm by means of the ideas of synergetics. One of the aspects of the following of the synergetic principles is the comparison of production and natural potentials. In order to achieve the balance it is necessary to carry out the following directions of ecologization of industrial production: recycling - reusing of raw materials and wastes; upgrading of the production, upgrading of the equipment, as well as the development and implementation of various innovative, resource-saving and low-waste technologies; creation and production of products with a longer work life; the improvement of treatment facilities of the cement plants and the use of different filtration and capture systems. It is necessary to note the fact that in practice each of these separated fields is able to solve only one local problem. To reduce environmental capacity of the cement production, we must unite different ways of the dialectic, following the principles of synergetics and methodological pluralism. Thus, there is a synergistic effect, contributing to the optimization of the functioning of ecological-economic systems and the solution of the problem of ecological production. Synergies should be defined as the interaction of two or more factors in which their combined effect significantly exceeds the effect of each individual component of their amount. Only on the basis of a synergistic, comprehensive, integrated approach to the ecologization of industrial production we can greatly reduce the pollution of nature, optimize the functioning of ecological-economic systems and implement the concept of sustainable development.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.130-141

References
  1. Prigogine I., Stengers I., Toffler A. Order Out of Chaos: Man’s New Dialogue with Nature. 1st edition Bantam New Age Books,1984, 349 p.
  2. Haken H. Synergetics-An Introduction. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1978, 387 p. DOl: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-96469-5.
  3. Stepin V.S. Teoreticheskoe znanie [Theoretical Knowledge]. Moscow, Progress-Traditsiya Publ., 2003, 744 p. (In Russian)
  4. Yakovets Yu.V. Global’nye ekonomicheskie transformatsii XXI veka [Global Economic Transformations of the 21st Century]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2011, 384 p. (In Russian)
  5. Budanov V.G. Metodologiya sinergetiki v postneklassicheskoy nauke i obrazovanii [Methodology of Synergetics in Post-Non-Classical Science and in Education]. Moscow, Librokom Publ., 2009, 240 p. (In Russian)
  6. Berge B. The Ecology of Building Materials. Elsevier Ltd., 2009, 446 p. (In Russian)
  7. Fardis M.N., editor. Innovative Materials and Techniques in Concrete Construction. ACES Workshop. Springer Science+Business Media, 2012, 379 p. DOl: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1997-2.
  8. Pacheco-Torgal F., Cabeza L.F., Labrincha J. (Eds.) Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Eco-Labelling and Case Studies. Woodhead Publishing Limited. 2014, 617 p.
  9. Kondrat’ev V.B. Mirovaya tsementnaya promyshlennost’ [World Cement Industry]. Perspektivy : setevoe izdanie Tsentra issledovaniy i analitiki Fonda istoricheskoy perspektivy [Prospects: Network Publication of the Research and Analytics Center of Historical Perspective Foundation]. Available at: http://www.perspektivy.info/book/mirovaja_cementnaja_promyshlennost_2012-06-06.htm. Date of access: 03.02.2015. (In Russian)
  10. Burkov V.N., Novikov D.A., Shchepkin A.V. Mekhanizmy upravleniya ekologo-ekonomicheskimi sistemami [Control Mechanisms of Ecological and Economic Systems]. Moscow, FIZMATLIT Publ., 2008. 244 p. (In Russian)
  11. Burkov V.N., Novikov D.A. Kak upravlyat’ proektami [How to Manage the Projects]. Moscow, SINTEG — GEO Publ., 1997, 188 p. (Informatization of Russia on the Edge of the 21st Century) (In Russian)
  12. Novikov D.A. Mekhanizmy funktsionirovaniya mnogourovnevykh organizatsionnykh system [Functioning Mechanisms of Multilevel Organizational Systems]. Moscow, Fond “Problemy upravleniya” Publ., 1999, 150 p. (In Russian)
  13. Novikov D.A., Smirnov I.M., Shokhina T.E. Mekhanizmy upravleniya dinamicheskimi aktivnymi sistemam [The Control Mechanisms of Active Dynamic Systems]. Moscow, IPU RAN Publ., 2002, 124 p. (In Russian)
  14. Burkov V.N., Novikov D.A. Teoriya aktivnykh sistem: sostoyanie i perspektivy [The Theory of Active Systems: Composition and Prospects]. Moscow, Sinteg Publ., 1999, 128 p. (In Russian)
  15. Litvinskiy K.O. Metodologicheskie podkhody k upravleniyu ekologo-ekonomicheskimi sistemami [Methodological Approaches to the Management of Ecological and Eeconomic Systems]. Terra Economicus. 2013, vol. 11, no. 2-3, pp. 40—44. (In Russian)
  16. Shkiperova G.T., Melent’ev G.B. Ekologizatsiya proizvodstv kak sostavlyayushchaya protsessa tekhnicheskoy modernizatsii [Cleaner Production as a Part of the Process of Technical Modernization]. Ekologiya promyshlennogo proizvodstva [Ecology of Industrial Production]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 15—23. (In Russian)
  17. Minaeva V.P. Ekologiya promyshlennogo proizvodstva [Ecology of Industrial Production]. Problemy sovershenstvovaniya organizatsii proizvodstva i upravleniya promyshlennymi predpriyatiyami : mezhvuzovskiy sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Problems of Improving the Organization of Production and Management Industry: Interuniversity Collection of Scientific Papers]. Samara, SGEU Publ., 2012, no. 1, pp. 116—123. (In Russian)
  18. Gerasimova I.A. Metod sravnitel’nogo analiza tendentsiy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya sub”ektov Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The method of comparative analysis of trends in socio-economic development of the Russian Federation]. Modelirovanie v zadachakh gorodskoy i regional’noy ekonomiki : sbornik dokladov materialy Vserossiyskoy konferentsii, posvyashch. 75-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya pervogo direktora SPb EMI RAN, zamestitelya predsedatelya Prezidiuma SPb NTs RAN, professora Borisa L’vovicha Ovsievicha 24—25 oktyabrya 2011 g. [Collection of Reports — Modeling in the Problems of Urban and Regional Economy. Proceedings of the Conference Dedicated to the 75th Anniversary of the First Director of Saint Petersburg EMI RAS, Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the St. Petersburg Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor Boris L. Ovsievich, 24—25 October 2011]. Saint Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriya Publ., 2011, 236 p. (In Russian)
  19. Shalaev V.P. Rossiya v global’nom mire: vyzovy i perspektivy razvitiya: sinergeticheskiy aspekt : sborbik nauchnykh trudov [Russia in the Global World: Challenges and Prospects of Development: Synergetic Aspect: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Yoshkar-Ola, Mariyskiy gosudarstvennyy tekhnicheskiy universitet Publ., 2011, 400 p. (In Russian)
  20. Vasilenko V.N. Ustoychivaya Rossiya: noosfernaya kontseptsiya upravleniya prirodopol’zovaniem gosudarstva: indikatory, instituty, instrumenty, mekhanizmy [Stable Russia: Noosphere Concept of Environmental Management of the State: Indicators, Institutions, Tools, Mechanisms]. Volgograd, VolGU Publ., 2003, 390 p. (In Russian)
  21. Lubkov A.R. Sinergeticheskiy podkhod k issledovaniyu ekonomicheskikh sistem [Synergetic Approach to the Study of Economic Systems]. Electronic Resource. 2008, 119 p. Available at: http://samlib.ru/l/lubkow_a_r/sinergetice.shtml. Date of access: 09.04.2015. (In Russian)
  22. Levinson U., Rerik R. Berezhlivoe proizvodstvo: sinergeticheskiy podkhod k sokrashcheniyu poter’ [Lean Manufacturing: a Synergistic Approach to the Reducing of the Losses]. Moscow, RIA “Standarty i kachestvo” Publ., 2007, 272 p. (In Russian)
  23. Curley R., editor. Fossil Fuels: Energy — Past, Present, and Future. New York, Britannica Educational Publishing, 2012, 142 p.
  24. Curley M. Finance Policy for Renewable Energy and a Sustainable Environment. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014, 232 p.
  25. Kasperovich S.A., Baranchik V.P. Tseli, instrumenty i osobennosti upravleniya ekologo-ekonomicheskimi sistemami v usloviyakh ustoychivogo razvitiya ekonomiki [Objectives, Tools and Management Features of Ecological and Economic Systems under the Conditions for Sustainable Economic Development]. Trudy BGTU. Ekonomika i upravlenie [Proceedings of BSTU: Economics and Management]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 118—121. (In Russian)
  26. Kurdowski W. Cement and Concrete Chemistry. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London, 2014, XII, 699 p. DOl: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7945-7.
  27. Meyers R.A., editor. Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science. Springer Science+Buisiness Media, 2009, 867 p.
  28. Mezentsev S.D. Filosofiya nauki i tekhniki [The Philosophy of Science and Technology]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 152 p. (In Russian)

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HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Calculation of spiral turbine cases according to the equations of flow caused by vortex discharge - circle

  • Mikhaylov Ivan Evgrafovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Alisultanov Ramidin Semedovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geodesy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 142-156

The authors considered the issues of spiral turbine cases calculation with the help of the equations of fluid flow line of a potential flow induced by vortex discharge-circle situated on an infinite impenetrable cylinder in infinite space filled with ideal (nonviscous) fluid and the characteristics of the flow in spiral cases. It was established that: 1) the stated equations allow calculating the spiral cases, which differ in constructive parameters and the direction of the flow at the entry to the stator of the turbine; 2) slope angle of spiral cones and the direction of the flow at the entry into the stator significantly influence the dimensions of the spiral case; 3) the shape of the cross-sections of the spiral differs from the T-shaped and circle ones usually applied today; 4) the height of the cross-sections is greater than their width. This difference grows in the direction from the entry section to the tooth of the spiral case; 5) the dimensions of the calculated spiral cases are smaller than the dimensions of the cases with round cross sections and bigger than the ones with T shape. It was stated that the theoretical characteristics of the floe formed by spiral case calculated according to the equations of the potential flow induced by vortex discharge-circle situated on an infinite impenetrable cylinder are in good agreement with the experimental characteristics and are favourable for flow-around of stay vanes and guide vanes of turbines.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.142-156

References
  1. Mikhaylov I.E., Alisultanov R.S. Vikhrevoy stok — okruzhnost’, raspolozhennyy na beskonechnom nepronitsaemom tsilindre [Vortex Discharge — Circle Situated on Infinite Impenetrable Cylinder]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 153—161. (In Russian)
  2. Mikhaylov I.E., Alisultanov R.S. Stok — okruzhnost’, raspolozhennyy na poverkhnosti ili vnutri beskonechnogo nepronitsaemogo tsilindra [Discharge — Circle Situated on the Surface or Inside an Infinite Impermeable Cylinder]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 8, pp. 140—149. (In Russian)
  3. Mikhaylov I.E. Turbinnye kamery gidroelektrostantsiy [Turbine Cases of HPPs]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1970, 272 p. (In Russian)
  4. Menter F.R. Two-Equation Eddy-Viscosity Turbulence Models for Engineering Applications. AIAA J. 1994, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1598—1605. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.12149
  5. Rusanov A.V., Kos’yanov D.Yu., Sukhorebryy P.N., Khorev O.N. Chislennoe issledovanie prostranstvennogo vyazkogo techeniya zhidkosti v spiral’noy kamere osevoy gidroturbiny [Numerical Investigation of Space Viscous Liquid Flow in a Spiral Case of an Axial Flow Turbine]. Vostochno-Evropeyskiy zhurnal peredovykh tekhnologiy [Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies]. 2010, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  6. Rusanov A.V., Kos’yanov D.Yu. Chislennoe modelirovanie techeniy vyazkoy neszhimaemoy zhidkosti s ispol’zovaniem neyavnoy kvazimonotonnoy skhemy Godunova povyshennoy tochnosti [Numerical Modelling of the Flows of a Viscous Incompressible Fluid Using Implicit Quasimotor Godunov Scheme of an Extended Precision]. ]. Vostochno-Evropeyskiy zhurnal peredovykh tekhnologiy [Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies]. 2009, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 4—7. (In Russian)
  7. Tao Jiang, Kezhen Huang. The Numerical Simulation of Gas Turbine Inlet-Volute Flow Field. World Journal of Mechanics. 2013, vol. 3 (04), pp. 230—235. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/wjm.2013.34023.
  8. Shi F. and Tsukamoto H. Numerical Study of Pressure Fluctuations Caused by Impeller-Diffuser Interaction Diffuser Pump Stage. ASME Journal of Fluid Engineering. 2001, vol. 123 (3). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.1385835.
  9. Wu K.Q. and Huang J. Numerical Analysis of the Fan Volute Internal Vortex Flow. Engineering Thermophysics. 2001, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 316—319.
  10. Pfau A., Treiber M., Sell M., Gyarmathy G. Flow Interaction from the Exit Cavity of an Axial Turbine Blade Row Labyrinth Seal. Journal of Turbomachinery. 2001, vol. 123 (2), pp. 342—352. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.1368124
  11. Schlienger J., Pfau A., Kalfas A.I., Abhari R.S. Single Pressure Transducer Probe for 3D Flow Measurements. 16 Symposium on Measurement Technology in Turbomachinery, 24—25.9.2002. Cambridge, 2002, 8 p.
  12. Rusch D., Pfau A., Schlienger J., Kalfas A.I., Abhari R.S. Deterministic Unsteady Vorticity Field in a Driven Axisymmetric Cavity Flow. Accepted at the 12th International Conference on Fluid Flow Technologies, September 3—6, 2003, Budapest, Hungary. 2003.
  13. Bubenchikov A.M., Korobitsyn V.A., Korobitsyn D.V., Kotov P.P., Shokin Yu.I. Chislennoe modelirovanie osesimmetrichnykh razryvnykh potentsial’nykh mnogosvyaznykh techeniy neszhimaemoy zhidkosti [Numerical Modeling of Axisymmetric Noncontinuous Potential Multiple Connected Flows of Incompressible Fluids]. Zhurnal vychislitel’noy matematiki i matematicheskoy fiziki [Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics]. 2014, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 1194—1202. (In Russian)
  14. Vaynshteyn I.I., Litvinov P.S. Model‘ M. A. Lavrent‘eva o skleyke vikhrevykh i potentsial‘nykh techeniy ideal‘noy zhidkosti [The Model of M. A. Lavrentiev on Adhesion of Vortex and Potential Flows]. Vestnik Sibirskogo gosudarstvennogo aerokosmicheskogo universiteta im. akademika M.F. Reshetneva [Vestnik SibSAU. Aerospace Technologies and Control Systems]. 2009, no. 3 (24), pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  15. Vaynshteyn I.I., Fedotova I.M. Zadacha Gol’dshtika o skleyke vikhrevykh techeniy ideal’noy zhidkosti v osesimmetricheskom sluchae [Goldshtick Problem on Adhesion of Vortex Flows of an Ideal Fluid in Axisymmetric Case]. Vestnik Sibirskogo gosudarstvennogo aerokosmicheskogo universiteta im. akademika M.F. Reshetneva [Vestnik SibSAU. Aerospace Technologies and Control Systems]. 2014, no. 3 (55), pp. 48—54. (In Russian)
  16. Yan H.J., Hu D.M. and Li J. Numerical Simulation of Flow Field for Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Rotor. Journal of Shanghai University of Electric Power. 2010, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 123—126.
  17. Yang C.Z., Liu H.C. and Zhou Y.L. The Design of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades and the Analysis of Flow Field Based on CFD. Journal of Northeast Dianli University. 2010, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 21—26.
  18. Zhang D.H., Li W., Lin Y.G., Ying Y. and Yang C.J. Simulation of Generation System of Marine Current Turbine with Pressure-Maintaining Storage Based on Hydraulic Transmission. Automation of Electric Power Systems. 2009, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 70—74.
  19. Berend G., van der Wall, Richard H. Analysis Methodology for 3C-PIV Data of Rotary Wing Vortices. Experiments in Fluids. 2006, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 798—812. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00348-006-0117-x.
  20. Badie R., Jonker J.B., Van Den Braembussche R.A. Finite Element Calculations and Experimental Verification of the Unsteady Potential Flow in a Centrifugal Volute Pump. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, vol. 19 (12), pp. 1083—1102. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fld.1650191203.

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Research of stress-strain state and stability of a rokfill dam under seismic actions

  • Orekhov Vyacheslav Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, chief research worker, Scientific and Technical Center “Examination, Design, Inspection”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 157-166

One of the main factors determining the safety of earth sea and river hydraulic structures erected on water-saturated grounds is the process of consolidation, manifested under the action of static and seismic loads. A feature of cohesionless soils located in the structure itself or in its base, is their potential ability to liquefaction under seismic impacts. This paper describes the method of calculating the saturated soil’s environments under seismic actions based on the numerical solution of differential equations of the theory of consolidation by finite element method. The results of the static problem solving for the phased construction of the installation are used as the initial conditions. In order to describe the deformability of soil materials mathematical model formed by the theory of plastic flow with hardening is used. The parameters of this model are determined by the results of triaxial testing of soils. As an example, we study the interaction of a sea rockfill dam with a sandy base under seismic impacts, determined by the synthetic accelerograms. The results of calculations of the stress-strain state of the two sections of the dam (shallow and deep) are presented, and assessment is made of the possibility of liquefaction of sandy soil base. It is shown that the pore pressure that occurs in water-saturated cohesionless soil base and the body of the dam under seismic impacts, unloads the soil skeleton, which leads to a decrease in local shear safety factors. And, in the less dense soil base of the shallow section of the dam, the soil skeleton is unloaded to a greater extent, which negatively affects its overall safety factor.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.157-166

References
  1. Belkova I.N., Glagovskiy V.B., Gol’din A.L., Lipovetskaya T.F. Konsolidatsiya osnovaniya i osadki damby D-3 kompleksa zashchitnykh sooruzheniy ot navodneniy Sankt-Peterburga [Consolidation of the Basе and Settlements of the Dam D-3 of Flood Protection Barrier Complex of St. Petersburg]. Izvestiya VNIIG im. B.E. Vedeneeva [Proceedings of B.E. Vedeneev VNIIG]. 2003, vol. 242. Osnovaniya i gruntovye sooruzheniya [Bases and Soil Foundations]. Pp. 60—67. (In Russian)
  2. Bugrov A.K., Golli A.V., Kagan A.A., Kuraev S.N., Pirogov I.A., Shashkin A.G. Naturnye issledovaniya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya i konsolidatsii osnovaniy sooruzheniy kompleksa zashchity Sankt-Peterburga ot navodneniy [Field Studies of Stress-Strain State and Consolidation of Structures Foundations of Flood Protection Complex of Saint Petersburg]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering]. 1997, no. 1, pp. 2—9. (In Russian)
  3. Li Sa, Li Jingmei, Yang Jinliang. Liquefaction Analysis of the Foundation of Erwangzhuang Reservoir Dam in Tianjin. Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing. A.A. Balkema. 2004, pp. 477—483.
  4. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Orekhov V.V. Seysmostoykost’ gruntovykh plotin [Seismic Stability of Earth Dams]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Gidroproekta [Collection of the Scientific Papers of Hydroproject]. Moscow, 2000, no. 159, pp. 361—372. (In Russian)
  5. Seed H.B., Lee K.L., Idriss I.M., Makadisi F.I. The Slides in the San Fernando Dams during the Earthquake of February 9, 1971. ASCE. J. of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. 1975, vol. 101, no. 7, pp. 651—688.
  6. Olson S.M., Stark T.D. Yield Strength Ratio and Liquefaction Analysis of Slopes and Embankments. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. 2003, vol. 129, no. 8, pp. 727—737. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2003)129:8(727).
  7. Seid-Karbasi M., Atukorala U. Deformations of a Zoned Rockfill Dam from a Liquefiable Thin Foundation Layer Subjected to Earthquake Shaking. 21st Century Dam Design —Advances and Adaptations. 31st Annual USSD Conference San Diego. California. April 11—15, 2011, pp. 1351—1367.
  8. Ohmachi T., Kohayakawa M. Missing Water at the Aratozawa Dam due to the Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku Earthquake in 2008. Proc. of the Int. Symp. on Dams for a Changing World — 80th Annual Meet. and 24th Cong. of ICOLD. Kyoto. Japan. 2012, pp. (6) 59—64.
  9. Casagrande A. Liquefaction and Cyclic Deformation of Sands. A Critical Review. Proceedings of the Fifth Panamerican Conference on Soil Mechanics und Foundation Engineering. Buenos Aires. Harvard Soil Mechanics Series. 1976, no. 88, 27 p.
  10. Seed H.B., Idriss I.M. Simplified Procedures for Evaluation Soil Liquefaction Potential. Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering. ASCE. Vol. 97, no. 9, pp. 1249—1273.
  11. Maslov N.N. Osnovy inzhenernoy geologii i mekhaniki gruntov [Fundamentals of Engineering Geology and Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1982, 512 p. (In Russian)
  12. Seed H.B., Lee K.L. Liquefaction of Saturated Sands during Cyclic Loading. Journal of ASCE. 1996, vol. 92, no. 6, pp. 105—134.
  13. Kenji Ishihara. Soil Behavior in Earthquake Geotechnics. Clarendon Press. Oxford, 1996, 340 p.
  14. Youd T.L., Idriss I.M., Andrus R.D., Arango I., Castro G., Christian J.T., Dobry R., Finn W.D.L., Harder L.F., Hynes M.E., Ishihara K., Koester J.P., Liao S.S.C., Marcuson W.F., Martin G.R., Mitchell J.K., Moriwaki Y., Power M.S., Robertson P.K., Seed H.B., Stokoe K.H. Liquefaction Resistance of Soils: Summary Report from the 1996 NCEER and 1998 NCEER/NSF Workshops on Evaluation of Liquefaction Resistance of Soils. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. 2001, 127 (10), pp. 817—833. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2001)127:10(817).
  15. Orekhov V.V. Ob''emnaya matematicheskaya model’ i rezul’taty raschetnykh issledovaniy napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya osnovnykh sooruzheniy Rogunskoy GES [Volume Mathematical Model and the Results of Numerical Studies of the Stress-strain State of the Main Structures of the Rogun HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 12—19. (In Russian)
  16. Orekhov V.V. Raschet vzaimodeystviya sooruzheniy i vodonasyshchennykh gruntovykh osnovaniy pri staticheskikh i seysmicheskikh vozdeystviyakh [Calculation of the Interaction of Constructions and Water-Saturated Soil Foundations under Static and Seismic Loads]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering]. 2015, no. 2, pp. 8—12. (In Russian)
  17. Biot M.A. Theory of Propagation of Elastic Waves in Fluid Saturated Porous Solid. J. Acoust. Soc. of America. 1956, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 168—179.
  18. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Lombardo V.N. Statika i Dinamika Gruntovykh Plotin [Statics and Dynamics of Earth Dams]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1983, 255 p.
  19. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Korchevskiy V.F. Zheleznodorozhnyy perekhod s materika na o. Sakhalin cherez proliv Nevel’skogo — Variant s glukhoy damboy i sudokhodnym kanalom [Railroad Crossing from the Mainland to Sakhalin Island across the Strait Nevelsky — Option with Deaf Dam and Navigation Channels]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 42—49. (In Russian)
  20. Orekhov V.V. Kompleks vychislitel’nykh programm «Zemlya-89» [Computing Programs Complex “Earth-89”]. Issledovaniya i razrabotki po komp’yuternomu proektirovaniyu fundamentov i osnovaniy : mezhvuzovskiy sbornik [Interuniversity Collection “Research and Development in Computer-aided Design of Foundations and Bases”]. Novocherkassk, 1990, pp. 14—20. (In Russian)

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Providing safety and reliability in the design of the offshore ice-resistant stationary oil and gas structures

  • Polit’ko Valentin Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kantarzhi Igor’ Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 167-177

Safety and reliability factors, assumed in Russian and international standards, as well as the main provisions of design of offshore oil and gas structures are considered in the article. The reasons for structures destruction are classified. The analysis showed that the main design provisions and methodology of calculations related to provision of safe and reliable operation of offshore oil and gas structures by different standards are not fundamentally different: the required degree of reliability of the structure is set depending on the social and economic consequences of possible hydrodynamic accidents; calculations are based on the limit states design method using partial safety factors; etc. However, the factors accounting the degree of the structure reliability, partial safety coefficients and load combinations coefficients differ in different standards and methodologies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.167-177

References
  1. Rekomendatsii po otsenke nadezhnosti stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy po vneshnim priznakam [Recommendations on Estimating the Reliability of the Constructions of Buildings and Structures According to External Features]. Moscow, 2001, 53 p. (In Russian)
  2. ISO 19900. Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries — General Requirements for Offshore Structures. International Organization of Standardization. 1st edition. 2002, 38 p.
  3. ISO 19906. Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries — Arctic Offshore Structures. International Organization of Standardization. 1st edition. 2010, 474 p.
  4. Probabilistic Methods: Uses and Abuses in Structural Integrity. Prep. by Bomel Limited, UK, 2001. Available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/crr_pdf/2001/crr01398.pdf.
  5. SNiP 33-01—2003. Gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya. Osnovnye polozheniya [Construction Norms SNiP 33-01—2003. Hydrotechnical Structures. Fundamental Principles]. Moscow, Gosstroy Rossii Publ., 2004, 26 p. (In Russian)
  6. SP 38.13330.2012. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya (volnovye, ledovye i ot sudov) : Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 2.06.04—82* [Requirements SP 38.13330.2012. Loads and Impacts on Hydrotechnical Constructions (Wave, Ice and of Ships) : Revised Edition of SNiP 2.06.04—82*]. Moscow, Minregion Rossii Publ., 2014, 116 p. (In Russian)
  7. GOST R 54257—2010. Nadezhnost’ stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy i osnovaniy. Osnovnye polozheniya i trebovaniya [Russian State Standards GOST R 54257—2010. Reliability of Building Structures and Foundations. Fundamental Principles and Requirements]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2011, 116 p. (In Russian)
  8. ISO 2394. General Principles on Reliability for Structures. International Organization of Standardization. 2011, 74 p.
  9. EN 1990:2002+A1 Eurocode — Basis of Structural Design. European Standard, 2005, 119 p.
  10. Palmer A., Croasdale K. Arctic Offshore Engineering. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 2013, 372 p.
  11. Moslet O., Masurov M. Barents 2020 RN02 — Design of Stationary Offshore Units against Ice Loads in Barents Sea. Proc. 20th IAHR International Symposium on Ice. 2010.
  12. Timco G.W., Barker A. Evaluating the ISO Arctic Structures Standard Against Full-Scale Empirical Data. Proc. 22nd Int. Conf. on Port and Ocean Eng. under Arctic cond., POAC 13, 2013.
  13. Timco G., Croasdale K. How Well Can We Predict Ice Loads? Proc. 18th IAHR international Symposium on Ice. 2006.
  14. Schpete G. Nadezhnost' nesushchikh stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy [Reliability of Bearing Building Constructions]. Translated from German. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1994, 288 p.
  15. Efthymiou M., van de Graaf J.W. Reliability Based Design and Re-Assessment of Fixed Steel Platforms. Shell International Exploration and Production Research Report 97-5050. 1997.
  16. Wang B., Basu R. Reliability Analysis of Ice Loads on Arctic Offshore Structures. Proc. 21st Int. Conf. on Port and Ocean Eng. under Arctic Cond., POAC 11. 2011, 10 p.
  17. Yakimov V., Tryaskin V. Use of the Stochastic Simulation Technique for Estimation of the Ice Cover Strength by Interaction With Ship Hull. Proc. 22nd Int. Conf. on Port and Ocean Eng. under Arctic cond., POAC 13. 2013, 12 p.
  18. Timco G., Frederking R. Probabilistic Analysis of Seasonal Ice Loads on the Moliqpak. Proc. 17th IAHR International Symposium on Ice. 2004.
  19. Jordaan I., Frederking R. Mechanics of Ice Compressive Failure, Probabilistic Averaging and Design Load Estimation. Proc. 18th IAHR International Symposium on Ice. 2006.
  20. Jordaan I., Stuckey P. Probabilistic Modeling of the Ice Environment in the Northeast Caspian Sea and Associated Structural Loads. Proc. 21st Int. Conf. on Port and Ocean Eng. under Arctic cond., POAC 13. 2011, 10 p.
  21. Alekseev Yu.N., Afanas’ev V.P., Litonov O.E., Maisurov M.N., Panov V.V., Truskov P.A. Ledotekhnicheskie aspekty osvoeniya morskikh mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza [Ice Technical Aspects of Developing Sea Deposits of Oil and Gas]. Saint Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 2001, 360 p. (In Russian)
  22. Simakov G.V., Shkhinek K.N., Semenov V.A., Marchenko D.V., Khrapatyy N.G. Morskie gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya na kontinental’nom shel’fe [Offshore Hydrotechnical Structures on Continental Shelf]. Saint Petersburg, Sudostroenie Publ., 1989, 358 p. (In Russian)
  23. Polit’ko V.A., Kantarzhi I.G. Ledovye nagruzki na morskie gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya [Ice Loads on Sea Hydrotechnical Structures]. Sbornik trudov Vosemnadtsatoy Mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Collection of Works of the 18th International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2015, pp. 394—397. (In Russian)
  24. Polit’ko V.A., Kantarzhi I.G. Osobennosti ledovykh usloviy i ledovykh nagruzok na shel’fovye sooruzheniya v Severnom Kaspii [Features of Ice Conditions and Ice Loads on Shelf Constructions in North Caspian]. Obespechenie gidrometeorologicheskoy i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti : sbornik trudov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (16—17 oktyabrya 2015 g., g. Astrakhan’) [Providing Hydrometeorological and Ecological Safety : Collection of Works of the International Science and Practice Conference (16—17 October, 2015, Astrakhan)]. Astrakhan, Rosgidromet Publ., 2015, pp. 133—135. (In Russian)

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Cost engineering as the basis for integration of the processes of planning, financing and pricing in investment and construction activity

  • Sborshchikov Sergey Borisovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, acting chair, Department of Technology, Organization and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lazareva Natal’ya Valer’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Technology, Organization and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 178-185

Current trends in the science and practice of construction indicate the ability to control the economic means of phenomena and processes occurring in the area of investment and construction activities, towards the realization of sustainable development goals. In this regard, the subsystem of planning, funding and pricing implement the problems of resource maintenance of the building complex on the hierarchy levels, the maintenance of homeostatic equilibrium of the system, as well as measure the effectiveness and profitability of production and ensuring processes. The purpose of the article is the search for capability to determine the impact, which are the change in prices for certain types of material and technical resources or reduction of unit costs. Our results are aimed at creating a model for cost control (costs, profit) of an investment and construction project and the development of theoretical foundations of value engineering. Another result of the article is an equation with which you can simulate the effects of intensity changes of individual streams, such as pay increase under certain conditions of construction, changes in the income of an enterprises and other. The features of the article include the recording of the construction hierarchy levels at each time point which depends on the concentration of a certain amount of labor, equipment and the volume of material resources, an optimal distribution between objects and areas of activity, reducing material costs and improving productivity constant. In this case, not only an objective necessity is considered, but also crucial prerequisite for sustainable development. The use of these factors leads to a decrease in the cost of construction of the object as a result of productivity growth and is reflected in the implementation of the final price of construction products.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.178-185

References
  1. Volkov A.A., Losev Yu.G., Losev K.Yu. Informatsionnaya podderzhka zhiznennogo tsikla ob”ektov stroitel’stva [Information Support of Construction Project Lifecycle]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 253—258. (In Russian)
  2. De la Garza J.M., Rouhana K.G. Neural Networks Versus Parameter-Based Applications in Cost Estimating. Cost Engineering. 1995, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 14—18.
  3. Zaguskin N.N. Osnovnye napravleniya razvitiya investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nosti v Rossii [The Main Directions of Development of Investment and Construction Activities in Russia]. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii [Economic Revival of Russia]. 2012, no. 4 (34), pp. 135—141. (In Russian)
  4. Thomas Ng.S., Fan R.Y.C., Wong J.M.W. An Econometric Model for Forecasting Private Construction Investment in Hong Kong. Construction Management and Economics. 2011, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 519—534. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446193.2011.570356.
  5. Shen L., Tam V.W.Y., Tam L., Ji Y. Project Feasibility Study: the Key to Successful Implementation of Sustainable and Socially Responsible Construction Management Practice. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2010, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 254—259. DOI: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.10.014.
  6. Sborshchikov S.B. Organizatsionnye osnovy ustoychivogo razvitiya energeticheskogo stroitel’stva [Organizational Bases for Sustainable Development of Power Plant Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 2, pp. 363—368. (In Russian)
  7. Mamedov Sh.M. Sistematizatsiya priznakov konkurentosposobnosti stroitel’noy organizatsii [Classification of Competitiveness Features of a Construction Organization]. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii [Economic Revival of Russia]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 84—89. (In Russian)
  8. Zhang J.P., Hu Z.Z. BIM and 4D-based Integrated Solution of Analysis and Management for Conflicts and Structural Safety Problems during Construction: 1. Principles and Methodologies. Automation in Construction. 2011, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 155—166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2010.09.013.
  9. Lee N., Ponton R., Jeffreys A.W., Cohn R. Analysis of Industry Trends for Improving Undergraduate Curriculum in Construction Management Education. ASC Proceedings of the 47th Annual International Conference, Omaha, NE, April 2011. Available at: http://www.engineering.unl.edu/durhamschool/events/ascconference2011/. Date of access: 03.06.2015.
  10. Sacks R., Pikas E. Building Information Modeling Education for Construction Engineering and Management. I: Industry Requirements, State of the Art, and Gap Analysis. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2013, vol. 139, no. 11, pp. 196—201. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000759.
  11. Dey P.K. Project Risk Management: A Combined Analytic Hierarchy Process and Decision Tree Approach. Cost Engineering. 2002, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 13—27.
  12. Kutsigina O.A., Panaetova V.V. Tsenoobrazovanie v stroitel’stve i zhilishchno-komunal’nom khozyaystve s ispol’zovaniem metodov upravleniya zatratami [Pricing in the Construction and Housing and Communal Services using Methods of Cost Management]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 60—61. (In Russian)
  13. Sborshchikov S.B., Lazareva N.V. Sistemotekhnicheskoe opisanie nauchno-tekhnicheskogo obespecheniya investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nosti [System Technical Description of Scientific and Technical Supply of Investment and Construction Activity]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Vestnik of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2014, no. 3 (44), pp. 210—215. (In Russian)
  14. Artamonova Yu.S., Khrustalev B.B., Savchenkov A.V. Formirovanie innovatsionnoy strategii razvitiya regional’nykh stroitel’nykh kompleksov [Formation of Innovative Strategy of Development of the Regional Building Complex]. Izvestiya Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Belinskogo [News of Penza State Pedagogical University]. 2011, no. 24, pp. 168—170. (In Russian)
  15. Sborshchikov S.B. Teoreticheskie zakonomernosti i osobennosti organizatsii vozdeystviy na investitsionno-stroitel’nuyu deyatel’nost’ [Theoretical Regularities and Features of Impacts on Investment and Construction Activity Organization]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 183—187. (In Russian)
  16. Sborshchikov S.B., Lazareva N.V., Zharov Ya.V. Teoreticheskie osnovy mnogomernogo modelirovaniya ustoychivogo razvitiya investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nosti [Theoretical Bases of Multidimensional Modeling of Sustainable Development in Investment and Construction Activities]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 165—171. (In Russian)
  17. Aleksanin A.V. Kontseptsiya upravleniya stroitel’nykh otkhodov na baze kompleksnykh i informatsionnykh logisticheskikh tsentrov [Concept of Construction Waste Management on the Basis of Comprehensive Information and Logistics Centers]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 132—136. (In Russian)
  18. Klyuev V.D., Zhuravlev P.A., Levchenko A.V. Metodicheskiy podkhod k sozdaniyu informatsionno-analiticheskikh sistem stoimostnogo monitoringa v stroitel’stve [Methodical Approach to the Creation of Information-Analytical Systems for Monitoring the Value in Construction]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 214—218. (In Russian)
  19. Klyuev V.D., Zhuravlev P.A., Evseev V.G. Ispol’zovanie kvalimetricheskogo podkhoda dlya otsenki konkurentosposobnosti investitsionnykh stroitel’nykh proektov [Using Qualimetric Approach to Assess the Competitiveness of Investment Projects]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2014, no. 9 (2), pp. 637—640. (In Russian)
  20. Ermolaev E.E. Upravlenie potrebitel’noy stoimost’yu ob”ektov stroitel’stva [Management of the Use Value of Construction Objects]. Gumanitarnye i sotsial’nye nauki (elektronnyy zhurnal) [The Humanities and Social Sciences (Electronic Journal)]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 5—11. (In Russian)
  21. Ermolaev E.E. Osobennosti opredeleniya fiksirovannoy stoimosti stroitel’stva v ramkakh gosudarstvennykh programm [Features of Determining the Fixed Cost of Construction under Government Programs]. Vestnik universiteta (Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya) [University Bulletin (State University of Management)]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 35—38. (In Russian)
  22. Popkov A.G. Novye organizatsionnye metody formirovaniya podsistemy kadrovogo obespecheniya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva v usloviyakh inzhiniringovoy skhemy upravleniya [New Organizational Methods of Forming Subsystem of Staffing of Building Production in the Conditions of the Engineering Management Schemes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 22—30. (In Russian)
  23. Sborshchikov S.B., Lazareva N.V., Zharov Ya.V. Matematicheskoe opisanie informatsionnogo vzaimodeystviya v investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nosti [Mathematical Description of Information Interaction in Investment and Construction Activities]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 170—175. (In Russian)

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Algorithm of restoring unambiguity in the system of distance emergency alerts from persons with disabilities

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and automation in Construction, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Sergey Vladimirovich - State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia) Senior Lecturer, Department of Special Electrical Engineering of Automated Systems and Communications, State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia), 4 Borisа Galushkina str., Moscow, 129339, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 186-192

Usually a message on fire or other emergency is sent to operations control by a witness. The situation causes stress. That’s why it may be difficult to understand the meaning of the witness’s text message because of pressing adjacent letters or T9 mistakes. So an operator may take such a message for spam and may not react adequately. Though if the system of “Smart House” is equipped with the module of processing Messages-112, the problem will be solved. The article analyzes the way of processing the messages to Messages-112 from persons with disabilities in the system of “Smart House”. The authors offer a variant of recovering unambiguity of notion sense from messages with errors of T9 and possible accidental pressing of adjacent letters. The system looks for key words, reduces noise, chooses the target rescue services and redirects the message to them.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.186-192

References
  1. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Promezhutochnoe programmnoe obespechenie v funktsional’-noy modeli intellektual’nogo zdaniya [Middleware for Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 182—187. (In Russian)
  2. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Sistemotekhnika funktsional’nogo modelirovaniya intellektual’nykh zdaniy [System Engineering of Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 188—193. (In Russian)
  3. Antonov S.V. Opredelenie klyuchevykh slov dlya dezhurno-dispetcherskikh sluzhb Sistemy-112 [Identification of the Key Words for Duty and Dispatch Services of the System-112]. Pozhary i chrezvychaynye situatsii: predotvrashchenie, likvidatsiya [Fire and Emergencies: Prevention, Elimination]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  4. Antonov S.V. Tsentry obsluzhivaniya vyzovov, postupayushchikh po liniyam spetsial’noy svyazi «01» [Call Centers for the lines of Specialized Communication “01”]. Sistemy bezopasnosti — 2012 : мaterialy dvadtsat’ pervoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Safety Systems — 2012 : Proceedings of the Twenty First Scientific-Technical Conference]. Moscow, Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii Publ., 2012, pp. 223—226. (In Russian)
  5. Antonov S.V. Algoritm obrabotki potoka tekstovykh soobshcheniy, postupayushchikh na nomer 112 [Processing Algorithm of the Stream of Text Messages Sent to the Number 112]. Sistemy bezopasnosti — 2013 : materialy dvadtsat’ vtoroy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Safety Systems — 2013 : Proceedings of the Twenty Second International Scientific-Technical Conference]. Moscow, Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii Publ., 2013, pp. 49—54. (In Russian)
  6. Volkov A.A. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost’ uslovno-abstraktnykh ob”ektov (zdaniy i sooruzheniy) v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Integrated Safety of conditionally abstract objects (buildings and structures) in emergency situations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 30—35. (In Russian)
  7. Volkov A.A. Osnovy gomeostatiki zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Fundamentals of Homeostatic Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and civil Engineering]. 2002, no. 1, p. 34. (In Russian)
  8. Volkov A.A. Sistemy aktivnoy bezopasnosti stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Active Safety Systems of Construction Sites]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2000, no. 7, p. 13. (In Russian)
  9. Volkov A.A., Antonov S.V. Elementy avtomatizatsii distantsionnogo opoveshcheniya o chrezvychaynykh situatsiyakh ot lits s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami [Elements of Automation of Distance Emergency Alerts from Persons with Disabilities]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 11, pp. 120—129. (In Russian)
  10. Volkov A.A. Gomeostaticheskoe upravlenie zdaniyami [Homeostatic Management of Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2003, no. 4, pp. 9—10. (In Russian)
  11. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy. Chast’ 1 [Intelligence of Buildings. Part 1]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 186—190. (In Russian)

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Valuation of organizational and technological capacity of a building project formed on the basis of information flows

  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Fel’dman Aleksandr Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 193-201

At the modern stage of construction branch development there is a current task of forming the indicator, the application of which will allow forecasting the final indicator of a construction project depending on organizational-technological and management solutions influencing it - the organizational and technological capacity of a construction project. The construction project capacity, which has been actively investigated in the recent years, is formed on the basis of account for the processes directly or tangentially related to production and technological specifics of the construction industry on all the stages of project development: design solutions, preparation of a construction site, general construction and finishing works, special works (building water supply and water disposal systems, technological equipment, electric wiring and low currents, ventilation, conditioning and fire security, elevators), external supply lines, amenities. The introduction of organizational-technological capacity concept of a building project in the form of a numerical integral value is given in the article, allowing to make relevant management decisions at any step of the construction project. The article deals with the essence of information flows as an important component in the construction project evaluation. The authors discuss the separation of information flows into groups, depending on different criteria. As a result, the mathematical model is offered, which gives the construction project potential evaluation with taking into account the impact of information flows.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.193-201

References
  1. Lapidus A.A., Demidov L.P. Issledovanie faktorov, vliyayushchikh na pokazatel’ potentsiala stroitel’noy ploshchadki [Investigation of the Factors Influencing the Potential Indicator of a Construction Site]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 160—166. (In Russian)
  2. Maksimov A.A. Struktura informatsionnykh potokov sovremennogo promyshlennogo predpriyatiya [Structure of Informational Flows of a Contemporary Industrial Enterprise]. Informatsionnye resursy Rossii [Informational Resources of Russia]. 2005, no. 5. Available at: http://www.aselibrary.ru/datadocs/doc_316gi.pdf. (In Russian)
  3. Arnorsson H. Optimizing the Information Flow on the Construction Site. Master’s Thesis, Aalborg University, 2012, pp. 76—79.
  4. Minko I.S., Kryakov P.N. Organizatsiya informatsionnykh potokov v innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosti [Organization of Information Flows in Innovative Activity]. Nauchnyy zhurnal NIU ITMO. Seriya: Ekonomika i ekologicheskiy menedzhment [Scientific Journal NRU ITMO Series “Economics and Environmental Management”]. 2014, no. 1, article 51. (In Russian)
  5. Saydaev Kh.L.-A. Metodika vybora stroitel’noy kompanii v ramkakh organizatsii tendera na osnove rascheta kompleksnogo pokazatelya rezul’tativnosti [Methodology of Choosing a Construction Company for Tender on the Basis of Estimating Complex Efficiency Index]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 10, pp. 266—271. (In Russian)
  6. Marugin V.M., Azgal’dov G.G. Kvalimetricheskaya ekspertiza stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Qualimetric Inspection of Construction Objects]. Saint Petersburg, Politekhnika Publ., 2008, 527 p. (In Russian)
  7. Lapidus A.A., Govorukha P.A. Organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskiy potentsial ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy mnogoetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy [Organizational and Technological Potential of Enveloping Structures of Multi-Storeyed Residential Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 143—149. (In Russian)
  8. Lapidus A.A. Instrument operativnogo upravleniya proizvodstvom — integral’nyy potentsial effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh i upravlencheskikh resheniy stroitel’nogo ob”ekta [Tools of Production Scheduling — an Integral Efficiency Potential of Organizational, Technological and Management Solutions of a Construction Object]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 1, pp. 97—102. (In Russian)
  9. Fel’dman A.O. Optimizatsiya organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskogo potentsiala stroitel’nogo proekta formiruemogo na osnove informatsionnykh potokov [Optimization of Organizational-Technological [Optimization of Organizational-Technological Capacity of a Construction Project Formed Basing on Informational Flows]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of Construction Production]. 2014—2015, no. 4/no. 1 (9), pp. 52—53. (In Russian)
  10. Berezhnyy A.Yu. Formirovanie informatsionnoy bazy dannykh dlya sistemy otsenki ekologicheskoy effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy v protsesse stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Formation of Informational Database for Evaluation System of Ecological Efficiency of Organizational and Technological Solutions in the Process of Construction Production]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulation. Construction, Design and Research]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 42—43. (In Russian)
  11. Kononykhin B.D., Potapenko A.I. Novoe napravlenie v sozdanii sredstv informatsionnogo obespecheniya v stroitel’stve [New Trend in Creation of Information Support Means in the Construction]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Mechanization of the Construction]. 2006, no. 9, pp. 17—18. (In Russian)
  12. Bokova O.V. Sovremennye trebovaniya k informatsionnym sistemam obespecheniya ustoychivoy deyatel’nosti stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Modern Requirements to Information Systems of Providing Stable Operation of a Construction Enterprise]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 10, p. 32. (In Russian)
  13. Sergeev V.I. Korporativnaya logistika — upravlenie zapasami [Corporative Logistics — Materials Management]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 2005, p. 150. (In Russian)
  14. Fursov I.G. Upravlenie informatsiey — vazhneyshiy biznes-resurs sovremennogo predpriyatiya [Information Management — the Most Important Business-resourse of a Modern Enterprise]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2005, no. 1, pp. 56—57. (In Russian)
  15. Magomedov M.Yu., Khalimbekov Kh. Osnovnye printsipy postroeniya informatsionnoy sistemy upravleniya stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Main Principles of Information System Creation of a Construction Enterprise Management]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2005, no. 4, pp. 13—22. (In Russian)
  16. Maslova I.A. Organizatsiya vzaimodeystviya programmnogo obespecheniya na stroitel’nom predpriyatii [Organizing the Interaction of Software in a Construction Enterprise]. Stroitel’stvo: nalogooblozhenie, bukhuchet [Construction: Taxation, Accounting]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 27—32. (In Russian)
  17. Bessonov A.K., Verstina N.G., Kulakov Yu.N. Innovatsionnyy potentsial stroitel’nykh predpriyatiy: formirovanie i ispol’zovanie v protsesse innovatsionnogo razvitiya [Innovational Potential of Construction Companies: Formation and Use in the Process of Innovational Development]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 166 p. (In Russian)
  18. Kotlyarov I.D. Klassifikatsiya veb-predstavitel’stv po stepeni avtomatizatsii obrabotki informatsionnykh potokov [Classification of Web-Representatives According to the Degree of Automation of Information Flows Processing]. Informatsionnye resursy Rossii [Informational Resources of Russia]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 18—21. (In Russian)
  19. Menyaev M.F. Informatsionnye potoki v sisteme upravleniya [Information Flows in Management System]. Nauka i obrazovanie [Science and Education]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 1—4. (In Russian)
  20. Merzlyak A.V. Strukturizatsiya informatsionnykh potokov dlya sovershenstvovaniya upravleniya logisticheskimi sistemami [Structuring of Information Flows for Improvement of Logistic Systems Management]. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie problemy modernizatsii sovremennogo obshchestva : kollektivnaya monografiya [Social and Economic Problems of Modern Society Modernization : Multi-authored Monograph]. Saint Petersburg, NPK «ROST» Publ., 2011, pp. 611—617. (In Russian)

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PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Ensuring the principle of visibility when examining graphic disciplines

  • Tel’noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rychkova Anzhelika Vital’evna - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE) Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automated Systems for Information Processing and Management, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), 36 Stremyanny pereulok, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 202-211

The article shows the importance of the use of didactic principle of visualization in the study of graphic disciplines for more effective organization of educational process, improvement of forms, methods and means of education. The authors analyze different approaches to the classification of means of visualization in modern pedagogy. The proposed classification of clarity with regard to graphic disciplines can be used not so much for their classification, as for the full and effective use of their capabilities in the learning process. The article demonstrates structural links between the stages of clarity, use of funds, ways and rules of their use, leading to successful achievement of the goals for the revitalization of the educational process and enhancing cognitive interest of students. Practical recommendations for the integrated use of means of presentation in the classes on descriptive geometry, engineering graphics and computer graphics are given. Special attention in the learning process is paid to the role of the teacher. In addition to his or her professional knowledge, a teacher should possess oratory skills, to competently combine the rhetoric and psychological techniques to use interactive and effective active forms of training, including workshops, to engage students in the learning process, to monitor feedback from the students’ audience. When conducting different kinds of practice, teachers should know the advantages and disadvantages, strengths and weaknesses, timely application of every means of presentation for greater impact and effect in the educational process. The effectiveness of using the selected visualization tools is largely determined by the methods and techniques of their use in the classroom. It is important to consider the following factors: location, convenient for review, and approach; the accessibility; the expert support of a demonstration by the review; the duration of the demonstration; training students to perceive the means of presentation, and pedagogical skills of the teacher. The article considers theoretical and methodical aspects of the use of the didactic possibilities of visual means of education, which are of great importance in the improvement of teaching graphic disciplines, mastering the methods of their rational use.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.202-211

References
  1. Komenskiy Ya.A. Izbrannye pedagogicheskie sochineniya: v 2-kh t. [Selected Pedagogical Essays: in 2 Volumes]. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1982, vol. 2, 576 p. (Pedagogical Library) (In Russian)
  2. Guseynov A.Z., Turchin G.D. Razvitie printsipa naglyadnosti v istorii pedagogiki [Development of the Principle of Clarity in the Pedagogy History]. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaya seriya. Seriya: Filosofiya. Psikhologiya. Pedagogika [Proceedings of Saratov State University. New Series. Series Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics]. 2007, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 64—67. (In Russian)
  3. Borisova A.Yu., Kondrat’eva T.M. Ispol’zovanie tekhnicheskikh sredstv v prepodavanii graficheskikh distsiplin [Use of Technology in Teaching-Research Institute of Graphic Disciplines]. Informatizatsiya inzhenernogo obrazovaniya — INFORINO-2012 : trudy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-metodicheskoy konferentsii (Moskva, 10—11 aprelya 2012 g.) [Informatization of Engineering Education, INFOLINE-2012: Proceedings of International Scientific-Methodological Conference]. Moscow, MEI Publ., 2012, pp. 427—428. (In Russian)
  4. Voloshinov S.A. Realіzatsіya didaktichnogo printsipu naochnostі v algoritmіchnіy pіdgotovtsі studentіv zasobami іnformatsіyno-komunіkatsіynogo pedagogіchnogo seredo-vishcha [Implementation of the Didactic Principle of Clarity in Algorithmic Training of Students by Means of Information and Communication Teaching Environment]. Іnformatsіynі tekhnologії v osvіtі [Informational Technologies in Education]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 173—182. (In Ukrainian)
  5. Ivanov I.A., Ivanova M.N. Komp’yuternye modeli kak effektivnoe sredstvo realizatsii printsipa naglyadnosti v obuchenii [Computer Models as an Effective Means of Implementation of the Principle of Clarity in Teaching]. Izvestiya Sochinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Izvestiya Sochi State University]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 124—126. (In Russian)
  6. Tarnavskaya T.V. Didakticheskie osnovy vnedreniya informatsionnykh tekhnologiy v obrazovatel’nyy protsess universiteta issledovatel’skogo tipa [Didactic Principles of Implementation of Information Technologies in Educational Process of Research Universities]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge. Understanding. Skill]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 94—101. (In Russian)
  7. Tel’noy V.I. Novye podkhody k izucheniyu distsipliny «Inzhenernaya grafika» s ispol'zovaniem sovremennykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [New Approaches to the Study of Engineering Graphics Using Advanced Information Technologies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 168—176. (In Russian)
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  11. Popova N.B. Klassifikatsiya sredstv naglyadnosti v sisteme razvivayushchego obucheniya [Classification of Means of Visualization in the System of Developmental Education]. Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya [The World of Science, Culture and Education]. 2009, no. 7 (19), pp. 207—210. (In Russian)
  12. Balalaeva E.Yu. Realizatsiya printsipa naglyadnosti v elektronnykh sredstvakh obucheniya [Implementation of Visualization Principle in E-Learning Tools]. Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovaniya [Humanitarian Scientific Researches]. 2014, no. 7. Available at: http://human.snauka.ru/2014/07/7351. Date of access: 24.09.2015. (In Russian)
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  14. Ivanov P.A. Ispol’zovanie sredstv vizualizatsii pri dovuzovskoy podgotovke inostrannykh studentov po distsipline «Inzhenernaya grafika» [The use of imaging in pre-University training of foreign students on the discipline “Engineering graphics”]. Sbornik statey konferentsii [Collected Articles of the Conference]. Tambov, 2013, pp. 253—256. (In Russian)
  15. Tel’noy V.I. Ispol’’zovanie didakticheskikh printsipov pri izuchenii gosudarstvennykh standartov eskd i spds v kurse inzhenernoy grafiki [Using Didactic Principles in the Study of State Standards for the Unified System of Design Documentation and the System of Design Documentation for Civil Engineering in the Course of Engineering Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 255—262. (In Russian)
  16. Chernov A.E. Printsip naglyadnosti i ego sostoyanie v svete sovremennykh komp’yuternykh tekhnologiy [Visibility Principle and Its State in the Light of Modern Computer Technologies]. Nauka i shkola [Science and School]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 56—57. (In Russian)
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  22. Tel’noy V.I., Rychkova A.V., Kutkina N.A. O primenenii sovremennykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri provedenii zanyatiy po komp’yuternoy grafike [On the Application of Modern Information Technologies for Conducting Classes in Computer Graphics]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Collection of Scientific Works of the 8th International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 2013, vol. 2, pp. 285—291. (In Russian)
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  24. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Obuchenie i kontrol’ znaniy po nachertatel’noy geometrii s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh obrazovatel’nykh tekhnologiy [Training and Assessment of Academic Performance in Descriptive Geometry through the Employment of Distance Learning Technologies]. Sovremennye informatsionnye tekhnologii i IT-obrazovanie : sbornik izbrannykh nauchnykh trudov VI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Collection of Selected Works of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Information Technologies and IT education”]. Moscow, INTUIT.RU Publ., 2011, pp. 389—395. (In Russian)
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