Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2015/12

Vestnik MGSU 2015/12

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12

Articles count - 15

Pages - 173

State and problems of sustainable development of the building sector

  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanivich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 5-12

References
  1. Belyaev V.L., Belyaev V.B. Osvoenie podzemnogo prostranstva gorodov v aspekte ikh ustoychivogo razvitiya [Development of the Underground Space of Cities in Terms of Their Sustainable Development]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 7—12. (In Russian)
  2. Vavilova T.Ya. Paralleli ustoychivogo razvitiya sredy zhiznedeyatel'nosti: nauka — vysshee obrazovanie [Parallels of the Sustainable Development of the Living Environment: Science — Higher Education]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 312—316. (In Russian)
  3. Ivolga A.G., Chaplitskaya A.A. Obosnovanie podkhoda k ponyatiyu ustoychivogo razvitiya ekonomiki regiona [Justification of the Approach to Sustainable Development Understanding of an Economic Region]. Bіoresursi і prirodokoristuvannya [Bio Resources and Nature Management]. 2014, vol. 6, no. 1—2, pp. 151—154. (In Russian)
  4. Korporativnyy forum po ustoychivomu razvitiyu «RIO+20». Obzor i rezul'taty. Innovatsii i sotrudnichestvo. Rekomendatsii v otnoshenii gosudarstvennoy politiki. Obyazatel'stva k deystviyam. Rio-de-Zhaneyro, 21 iyunya 2012 g. [Corporate Forum on the SSustainable Development “RIO+20”. Review and Results. Innovations and Cooperation. Recommendations in State Policy. Obligations. Rio-de-Janeiro, June 21, 2012]. Available at: http://www.iblfrussia.org/RioCorpSustForum_Outcome_RUS.pdf. Date of access: 20.11.2015. (In Russian)
  5. Nashe obshchee budushchee. Doklad Mezhdunarodnoy komissii po okruzhayushchey srede i razvitiyu (MKOSR) [Our Common Future. Report of the International Committee on the Environment and Development (ICED)]. Translated from English. Available at: http://ustoychivoerazvitie.rf/files/monographs/OurCommonFuture-introduction.pdf. Date of access: 07.11.2015. (In Russian)
  6. Shelekhov A.M., editor. Osnovnye polozheniya ustoychivogo razvitiya Rossii [Main Principles of the Sustainable Development of Russia]. Moscow, 2002, 161 p. (In Russian)
  7. Ponomareva M.A. Energoeffektivnoe razvitie infrastruktury regiona kak uslovie ego perekhoda k ustoychivomu razvitiyu [Energy Efficient Development of Regional Infrastructure as a Condition of its Transition to the Sustainable Development]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2011, no. 349, pp. 149—153 (In Russian)
  8. Pchelintsev O.S. Regiony Rossii: sovremennoe sostoyanie i problema perekhoda k ustoychivomu razvitiyu [Regions of Russia: Present State and Problems of Transition to the Sustainable Development]. Problemy prognozirovaniya [Problems of Forecasting]. 2001, no. 1, pp. 102—115. (In Russian)
  9. Razgulyaev V.N. Ustoychivoe razvitie: razvitie kontseptsii i sovremennaya nauchnaya i prakticheskaya interpretatsiya [Sustainable Development: Development of the Concept and Contemporary Scientific and Practical Interpretation]. Vestnik ekonomicheskoy integratsii [Proceedings of Economic Integration]. 2010, no. 9, pp. 28—33. (In Russian)
  10. Rio-de-Zhaneyrskaya deklaratsiya po okruzhayushchey srede i razvitiyu : prinyata Konferentsiey OON po okruzhayushchey srede i razvitiyu, Rio-de-Zhaneyro, 3—14 iyunya 1992 goda [Rio-de-Janeiro Declaration on the Environment and Development : Acceted by the UN Conference on the Environment and Development, Rio-de-Janeiro, June 3—14, 1992]. Organizatsiya Ob
  11. Serkov L.A. Analiz primeneniya ponyatiy «ravnovesnaya ekonomika» i «neravnovesnaya ekonomika», «ustoychivoe razvitie» i «neustoychivoe razvitie» [Analysis of Using the Terms “Balanced Economy” and “Unbalanced Economy”, “Sustainable Development” and “Unsustainable Development]. Ekonomicheskiy analiz: teoriya i praktika [Economical Analysis: Theory and Practice]. 2009, no. 16, pp. 31—37. (In Russian)
  12. Strategiya i ponyatie ustoychivogo razvitiya [Strategy and Notion of the Sustainable Development]. Ustoychivoe razvitie : sayt [Sustainable Development site]. Available at: http://www.ustoichivo.ru/biblio/view/28.html. Date of access: 15.11.2015. (In Russian)
  13. Telichenko V.I. Ot ekologicheskogo i «zelenogo» stroitel'stva k ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva [From Ecological and “Green” Construction to Ecological Safety of Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 47—51. (In Russian)
  14. Telitschenko W. Kultur- und Bildungsaspeckte des oekologischen Bauens. Im Berichte «Die Umsetzung oekologisch-orientirter und kostensparender Konzepte des Bauens und Wohnens im Laendervergleich». Duesseldorf, 1993, pp. 22—23.
  15. Telichenko V.I., Benuzh A.A. Sovershenstvovanie printsipov ustoychivogo razvitiya na osnove opyta primeneniya «zelenykh» standartov pri stroitel'stve olimpiyskikh ob
  16. Telichenko V.I., Roytman V.M. Obespechenie kompleksnoy bezopasnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy — prioritetnoe napravlenie tekhnologicheskoy modernizatsii Rossii [Providing Complex Safety of Buildings and Structures — the Priority Direction of Technological Modernization of Russia]. Pozhary i chrezvychaynye situatsii: predotvrashchenie, likvidatsiya [Fires and Emergencies: Prevention, Elimination]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 5—12. (In Russian)
  17. Popkov V.V., editor. Ustoychivoe ekonomicheskoe razvitie v usloviyakh globalizatsii i ekonomiki znaniy: kontseptual'nye osnovy teorii i praktiki upravleniya [Sustainable Economic Development in the Conditions of Globalization and Knowledge Economics: Conceptual Foundations of Management Theory and Practice. Moscow, ZAO «Izdatel'stvo «Ekonomika» Publ., 2007, 295 p. (In Russian)

Download

ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Moulds and profiles of the building facades of St. Petersburg of the 18th century

  • Voznyak Ekaterina Ryurikovna - Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural and Town-Planning Heritage, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya str., Saint Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 13-24

In the article the author underlines the importance of details (moulds and profiles) for the architects of previous times. The architects of the 17th-19th centuries expressed their creative and filosofic position choosing some concrete example of the great theorists of the past when constructing moulds and orders. We should note that the negative attitude to Classicism theory reasoned in the lack of investigations of the architectural details of the buildings of the 18th-19th centuries, in particular the ones in Saint Petersburg. At the present moment the interest to studying the architectural theories and forms is reappearing both in Russia and in Europe. The article considers the architectural moulds of the eighteenth century buildings of St. Petersburg, examples of their construction in each stylistic period. The analysis shows the significant differences of the Russian moulds drawings from the recommendations of classical treatises of the Renaissance and educational counterparts. The author offers the basic analysis of the characteristic features and data elements for each stylistic period in the architecture of St. Petersburg of the 18th century, as well as a unique handwriting of the architects who worked in that era.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.13-24

References
  1. Blondel F. Cours d’architecture. Paris, 1675—1683. Available at: http://www.e-rara.ch.
  2. Aviler S.A. Cours d’architecture: qui comprend les ordres de Vignole. Paris, N. Langlois, 1710. Available at: http: //architectura.cesr.univ-tours.fr.
  3. Sturm L.C. Vollständige Anweisung Regierungs- Land- und Rath-Häuser, wie auch Kauff-Häuser und Börsen starck, bequem und zierlich anzugeben. Augspurg, 1718, ETH-Bibliothek Zurich. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3931/e-rara-11321.
  4. Blondel J.-F. Cours d’Architecture ou traite de la decoration, distribution et construction de batimens. Paris, vol. 9, pp. 1771—1777. Available at: http://www.e-rara.ch.
  5. Neufforge J.-F. Recueil Elementaire d’Architecture. Paris, 1757. Vol. 1—8.
  6. Laugier M.-A. Essay on Architecture. Paris, 1755, ETH-Bibliothek Zurich. Available at: http://www.e-rara.ch.
  7. Bernd E. Architectural Theory. Taschen, 2011, 848 p.
  8. Evsina N.A. Arkhitekturnaya teoriya v Rossii XVIII v. [Architectural Theory in Russia of the 18th Century]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1975, 262 p. (In Russian)
  9. Sementsov S.V. Etapy formirovaniya prostranstvennoy sredy Sankt-Peterburga [Stages of Space Environment Formation in Saint Peterburg]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Proceedings of Civil Engineers]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 15—20. (In Russian)
  10. Shvidkovskiy D.O., Revzina Yu.E. Kogda rodilas’ klassicheskaya arkhitektura i est’ li u nee budushchee? [When the Classical Architecture was Born and What Kind of Future Doest it Have?]. Dom Burganova. Prostranstvo kul’tury [The House of Burganov. Cultural Space]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 15—32. (In Russian)
  11. Vin’ola Dzh. Pravilo pyati orderov arkhitektury : sbornik [The Rool of Five Orders in the Architecture]. Translated from Italian. Moscow, Vsesoyuznaya akademiya arkhitektury Publ., 1938, 168 p. (Klassiki teorii arkhitektury [Classics of Architectural Theory]) (In Russian)
  12. Palladio A. Chetyre knigi ob arkhitekture [Four Books on Architecture]. Translated from Italian. by I.V. Zholtovskiy. Reprint. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989, 352 p. (In Russian)
  13. Barabanova O.A. Dzhakomo Kvarengi i Klod-Nikolya Ledu [Giacomo Quarenghi and Claude-Nicolas Ledoux]. Izvestiya Ural’skogo federal’nogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Gumanitarnye nauki [News of the Ural Federal University. Series 2. Humanities]. 2006, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 119—130. (In Russian)
  14. Ketova K.S. Istoriograficheskiy obzor i analiz stepeni izuchennosti biografii grafa F.B. Rastrelli [Historiographical Review and Analysis of Exploration Degree of Count F.B. Rastrelli Biography]. Zhurnal nauchnykh publikatsiy aspirantov i doktorantov [Journal of Scientific Publications of Postgraduate and Doctoral Srudents]. 2011, no. 4 (58), pp. 40—43. (In Russian)
  15. Shvidkovskiy D.O. Puti razvitiya rossiyskoy arkhitektury [Ways of Russian Architectural Development]. Prostranstvo i Vremya [Space and Time]. 2013, no. 1 (11), pp. 103—116. (In Russian)
  16. Shvidkovskiy D.O. Ekaterina II i Pavel I : Politicheskie otnosheniya v arkhitekture [Katherine II and Paul I : Political Relations in Architecture]. Istoricheskiy zhurnal: nauchnye issledovaniya [Historical Journal: Scientific Investigations]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 84—94. (In Russian)
  17. Lebedeva G.S. Arkhitekturnaya teoriya Vitruviya [Architectural Theory of Vitruvius]. Iskusstvoznanie [Art Criticism]. 2009, no. 3—4, pp. 5—34. (In Russian)
  18. Milyugina E.G. N.A. L’vov — izdatel’ «Russkogo Palladiya» [Lvov is a Publisher of “Russian Palladium”]. Izvestiya Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Gumanitarnye nauki [News of Ural State University. Series 2. Humanities]. 2009, no. 1/2 (63), pp. 256—265. (In Russian)
  19. Pozzo A. Perspectiva pictorum atque architectorum. Augsburg, 1709. Available at: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/pozzo1709bd2.
  20. Guarini G. Architettura civile del padre D. Guarino Guarini. Torino, 1737, ETH-Bibliothek Zürich. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3931/e-rara-31.
  21. Voznyak E.R. Osnovy teorii arkhitekturnykh form istoricheskikh zdaniy [Theory Foundations of the Architectural Forms of Historical Buildings]. Saint Petersburg, Kolo Publ., 2015, 191 p. (In Russian)
  22. Pluzhnikov V.I. Rasprostranenie zapadnogo dekora v petrovskom zodchestve [Distribution of the Western Décor in Peter the Great Architecture]. Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Zarubezhnye svyazi [Old Russian Art. Foreign Connections]. Moscow, 1975, pp. 362—370. (In Russian)
  23. Ukhnalev A.E. Osobennosti stilisticheskoy situatsii v arkhitekture Peterburga pervoy chetverti XVIII veka [Features of the Stylistic Situation in the Architecture of St. Petersburg of the First Quarter of the 18th Century]. Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena [Scientific Journal of Herzen University]. 2011, no. 140, pp. 136—148. (In Russian)
  24. Ukhnalev A.E. Metamorfozy «petrovskogo barokko». Sud’ba «bol’shikh» stiley v arkhitekture pervonachal’nogo Peterburga [Metamorphoses of “Peter the Great Baroque”. The Destiny of “Great” Styles in the Architecture of the Original Saint Petersburg]. Iskusstvoznanie [Art Studies]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 228—247. (In Russian)

Download

DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Forming the stress state of a vibroisolated building in the process of mounting rubber steel vibration isolator

  • Dashevskiy Mikhail Aronovich - LLC “Vibro Seismic Protection” Doctor of Technical Sciences, technical director, LLC “Vibro Seismic Protection”, 6 Bratislavskaya str., Moscow, 109341, Russian Federation.
  • Motorin Vladimir Vladimirovich - LLC “Vibro Seismic Protection” Candidate of Technical Sciences, director general, LLC “Vibro Seismic Protection”, 6 Bratislavskaya str., Moscow, 109341, Russian Federation.
  • Akimova Irina Valer’evna - LLC “Vibro Seismic Protection” design-engineer, LLC “Vibro Seismic Protection”, 6 Bratislavskaya str., Moscow, 109341, Russian Federation.

Pages 25-33

The necessity to specificate the formation process of stress-strain state of buildings in the construction process is a new problem which requires including real production characteristics going beyond calculation models into calculation methods. Today the construction process lacks this specification. When mounting vibroisolators the stress-strein of a structure state is changing. The mounting method of vibroisolators is patented and consists in multistage successive compression loading of each vibroisolator with the constant speed and following fixation of this displacement. The specified engineering method of rubber-steel pads calculation in view of change of their form during deformation, nonlinearity, rheological processes is offered. Resilient pads look like rubber plates rectangular in plane reinforced on the basic surfaces with metal sheets. The influence of a time-variable static load and free vibrations of loaded pads are considered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.25-33

References
  1. Rzhanitsyn A.R. Teoriya polzuchesti [Creep Theory]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1968, 418 p. (In Russian)
  2. Rekomendatsii po vibrozashchite nesushchikh konstruktsiy proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Recommendations on Vibration Protection of the Bearing Structures of Industrial Buildings]. Moscow, TsNIISK Publ., 1988, chapter 10, pp. 51—54. (In Russian)
  3. Blekhman I.I. Vibratsionnaya mekhanika [Vibrational Mechanics]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ., 1994, 394 p. (In Russian)
  4. Ganiev R.F., Kononenko V.O. Kolebaniya tverdykh tel [Vibrations of Rigid Bodies]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1976, pp. 422—431. (In Russian)
  5. Kolovskiy M.Z. Nelineynaya teoriya vibrozashchitnykh system [Nonlinear Theory of Vibration Protection Systems]. Moscow, Nauka Publ.,1966, pp. 318—320. (In Russian)
  6. Vul’fson I.I. Kolebaniya mashin s mekhanizmami tsiklovogo deystviya [Vibrations of the Machines with Cyclic Motion Mechanisms]. Leningrad, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1990, 309 p. (In Russian)
  7. Vulfson I. Vibroactivity of Branched and Ring Structured Mechanical Drives. N.Y., Hemisphere publising corporation, 1990, pp. 99—115.
  8. Dashevskiy M.A. Inzhenernyy metod nelineynogo rascheta rezinometallicheskikh vibroizolyatorov dlya zdaniy [Engineering Method of the Nonlinear Calculation of Rubber Steel Vibro Isolators for Buildings]. Stroitel’nye materialy oborudovanie tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment and Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2006, no. 7 (90), pp. 64—65. (In Russian)
  9. Dashevskiy M.A., Motorin V.V., Mironov E.M., Libasov Yu.P. Vibroizolirovannyy krupnopanel’nyy zhiloy dom [Vibro Insulated Large-Panel Residential House]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Earthquake Engineering. Constructions Safety]. Moscow, 2001, no. 6, pp. 53—60. (In Russian)
  10. Dashevskiy M.A., Mironov E.M., Kublitskaya G.A. Prognoz svoystv rezinovykh vibroizolyatorov na osnove utochnennykh reologicheskikh modeley [Forecasting the Properties of Rubber Vibroinsulators Based on Thin Rheological Models]. Trudy TsNIISK. Dinamika sooruzheniy [Works of TsNIISK. Structural Dynamics]. Moscow, 1990, pp. 41—49. (In Russian)
  11. Kreytan V.G. Zashchita ot vnutrennikh shumov v zhilykh domakh [Protection from Internal Noise in Residential Houses]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 260 p. (In Russian)
  12. Dasevskij M.A., Motorin V.V., Mironov E.M., Samoilenko T.G. Enginering Design of Rubber Pads Ageing Properties: Theory and Experiment. Constitutive Models for Rubber III: Proceedings of the Third European Conference of Constitutive Models for Rubber. London, UK, 2003, pp. 147—153.
  13. Dashevskiy M.A., Glazkov D.A., Motorin V.V. Zashchita ot transportnoy vibratsii [Protection from Transport Vibration]. Vysotnye zdaniya [High-rise Buildings] 2008, no. 5, pp. 92—97. (In Russian)
  14. Dashevskiy M.A., Mironov E.M., Kublikaya G.A. Ratsional’nyy vybor razmerov vibroizolyatorov [Rational Choice of Vibroinsulator Sizes]. Trudy instituta «TsNIISK im. Kucherenko». Dinamika stroitel›nykh konstruktsiy [Works of TsNIISK named after Kucherenko. Dynamics of Building Structures]. Moscow, TsNIISK Publ., 1988, pp. 84—93. (In Russian)
  15. Dashevskiy M.A., Motorin V.V., Mironov E.M. Vibrozashchita mnogoetazhnykh krupnopanel’nykh zdaniy [Vibroprotection of Multistorey Large Panel Buildings]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Earthquake Engineering. Constructions Safety]. Moscow, 2001, no. 4, pp. 31—37. (In Russian)
  16. Dashevskiy M.A., Mironov E.M., Motorin V.V. Vibrozashchita zdaniy — teoriya i realizatsiya [Vibroprotection of Buildings — Theory and Implementation]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Earthquake Engineering. Constructions Safety]. Moscow, 2002, no. 5, pp. 37—46. (In Russian)
  17. Hekla M., Mueller G.A., editors Spravochnik po tekhnicheskoy akustike [Reference Book on Technical Acoustics]. Translated from German. Leningrad, Sudostroenie Publ., 1980, 440 p. (In Russian)
  18. Zaborov K., editor. Spravochnik po zashchite ot shuma i vibratsii zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy [Reference Book on Protection from Noise and Vibrations of Residential and Public Buildings]. Budivel’nyk Publ., 1989, 160 р. (Environmental Protection) (In Russian)
  19. Veretina I.A., Kalashnikova N.K., Kurnavin S.A. Metodika otsenki urovney strukturnogo shuma (primenitel’no k metropolitenu) [Method of Evaluating Structural Noise Level (In Respect to the Underground)]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Earthquake Engineering. Constructions Safety]. 2003, no. 6, pp. 15—21. (In Russian)

Download

Methodology of experimental investigations of block coverings of industrial buildings under emergency influences

  • Eremin Konstantin Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveyushkin Sergey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, head, Test Laboratory of Building Structures, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Harutyunyan Gevorg Harutyunovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 34-46

At the present moment prevention of emergencies of buildings and structures is still the priority direction of investigations in the construction branch. The statistics shows that the possibility of 25 crashes a year is 1,0, and in case of human losses - 0,3. The great number of these emergencies is of a progressive character, when a local crash leads to the crash of the whole construction or of the great part of its structures. We should note that also industrial buildings are among the buildings where major accidents happen. And their number is growing with every year. The following article examines the problem of progressive collapse in block coverings of industrial buildings when the failure of one truss results in the collapse of the entire block. The overview of experimental investigations of the construction elements of block coverings is carried out. The methodology of experimental investigations of block coverings under emergency influences is introduced. The following article also introduces the results of experimental investigations. The numerical modeling of the block covering model is introduced and the comparative analysis with experimental data is performed.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.34-46

References
  1. Eremin K.I., Makhutov N.A., Pavlova G.A., Shishkina N.A. Reestr avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy 2001—2010 godov [The Register of Accidents of Buildings and Structures from 2001 to 2010]. Moscow, 2011, 320 p. (In Russian)
  2. Wardhana K., Hadipriono F.C. Study of Recent Building Failures in the United States. Journal of Performance of Constructed. Aug. 2003, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 151—158. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(2003)17:3(151).
  3. Nwafor A.U. Building Failures/Collapses and Their Reputational Effect on Building Industry in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Research. June 2015, vol. 4, issue 6, pp. 847—853.
  4. Taylor D.A. Progressive Collapse. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. Dec. 1975, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 517—529. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/l75-047.
  5. Allen D.E., Schriever W.R. Progressive Collapse. Abnormal Loads and Building Codes. Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. National Meeting on Struct. Eng., Clevelend, Ohio. Apr. 1972, pp. 21—47.
  6. Makhutov N.A., Lobov O.I., Eremin K.I. Bezopasnost’ Rossii. Bezopasnost’ stroitel’nogo kompleksa [The Safety of Russia. The Safety of the Construction Complex]. Moscow, MGOF «Znanie» Publ., 2012, 798 p. (In Russian)
  7. Harutyunyan G.H. Zashchishchennost' blokov pokrytiy promyshlennykh zdaniy s povrezhdennymi nesushchimi konstruktsiyami ot progressiruyushchego obrusheniya [The Protectability of Block Coverings of Industrial Buildings with Defective Load-Bearing Structures from Progressive Collapse]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 9, pp. 16—27. (In Russian)
  8. Belostotskiy A.M. Chislennoe modelirovanie v ekspertizakh prichin obrusheniya i lokal’nogo razrusheniya konstruktsiy bol’sheproletnykh zdaniy [Computational Modeling in the Expertise of Collapses and Local Destructions of Big Span Buildings]. Teoriya i praktika rascheta zdaniy, sooruzheniy i elementov konstruktsiy. Analiticheskie i chislennye metody : sbornik trudov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Theory and Practice of Calculating Buildings, Structures and Structural Elements. Analytical and Numerical Methods : Collection of Works of the International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2008, pp. 174—183. (In Russian)
  9. Kabantsev O.V., Tamrazyan A.G. Uchet izmeneniy raschetnoy skhemy pri analize raboty konstruktsii [Account for Changes in the Calculated Scheme during the Analysis of Structural Behavior]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5 (49), pp. 15—26. (In Russian)
  10. Belenya E.I. Predel’nye sostoyaniya poperechnykh ram odnoetazhnykh promyshlennykh zdaniy [Marginal State of Transverse Frames of Single-Storeyed Industrial Buildings]. Nauchnoe soobshchenie TSNIISK [Scientific Report of CNIISK] Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1958, issue 6, 124 p. (In Russian)
  11. Ayrumyan E.L., Belyy G.I. Issledovaniya raboty stal’noy fermy iz kholodnognutykh profiley s uchetom ikh mestnoy i obshchey ustoychivosti [Investigation of the Steel Truss Operation Made of Cold Formed Profile Taking into Consideration the Local and Overall Stability]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 5, pp. 41—44. (In Russian)
  12. Gubaydulin R.G., Gubaydulin M.R., Muravskiy V.V. Naturnye ispytaniya stropil’noy fermy iz tonkostennykh kholodnognutykh profiley [Full-scale Tests of Trusses Made of Thin-Walled Cold Formed Profiles]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnylh trudov [Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Constructions: A Collection of Scientific Papers]. 21.09.2009. Available at: http://pamag.ru/src/pressa/112.pdf. (In Russian)
  13. Malyshkin A.P., Esipov A.V. Eksperimental’no-teoreticheskie issledovaniya stal’nykh ferm pokrytiya legkoatleticheskogo manezha v g. Tyumeni [Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Steel Roof Trusses of the Athletic Arena in Tyumen]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [PNRPU Construction and Architecture Bulletin]. 2015, no. 2, pp. 105—115. (In Russian)
  14. Rodionov I.K. Ob eksperimental’nom issledovanii stal’noy fermy, usilivaemoy pod nagruzkoy s primeneniem svarki [On the Experimental Research of Steel Truss Strengthened under the Load with the Use of Welding]. Vektor nauki TGU [Science Vector of Togliatti State University]. 2015, no. 2-1 (32-1), pp. 47—51. (In Russian)
  15. Aistov N.N. Ispytanie staticheskoy nagruzkoy stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy, ikh elementov i modeley [Static Loading Experiment of Building Structures, Their Elements and Models]. Moscow, Leningrad, Narkomkhoz RSFSR Publ., 1938, 240 p. (In Russian)
  16. Mel’nikov N.P., editor. Metallicheskie konstruktsii. Spravochnik proektirovshchika [Metal Structures (Reference Book of a Designer)]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 776 p. (In Russian)
  17. Schenck H. Theories of Engineering Experimentation. Third edition. USA, 1979, 302 p.
  18. Kobayasi A., editor. Eksperimental’naya mekhanika [Experimental Mechanics]. In 2 volumes. Translated from English by R.I. Nepershin, A.M. Sokolova, P.N. Kolosovskiy, B.N. Ushakov. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1990, 551 p. (In Russian)
  19. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp’yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [Computer Models of Structures]. Kiev, Fakt Publ., 2005, 344 p. (In Russian)
  20. Darkov A.V., Shpiro G.S. Soprotivlenie materialov [Strength of Materials]. 4th edition, revised. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1975, 654 p. (In Russian)

Download

Possibility of using finite element method in the form of classical mixed method for geometrical nonlinear analysis of hinged-rod systems

  • Ignat’ev Aleksandr Vladimirovich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation.
  • Ignat’ev Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, head, Department of Structural Mechanics, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation.
  • Onishchenko Ekaterina Valer’evna - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) external student, Department of Structural Mechanics, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation.

Pages 47-58

At the present time a great number of works have been published, in which the problems of numerical solution of geometrical nonlinear tasks of calculating different types of structures are considered. Nevertheless the problem of the certainty of the numerical solution of geometrical nonlinear tasks of rod structures deformation (large displacements) still provokes great interest. The quality of the solution for a certain task is proved only by the coincidence of the results obtained before using two different methods or with the experiment. The authors consider the numerical solution algorithm of geometrical nonlinear tasks of the deformation of hinged-rod systems (large displacements and turns) both in case of high and gentle loading basing on the finite element method in the form of classical mixed method being developed by the authors. Solving the problem of static deformation of a flat mechanical hinged-rod system consisting of two linear-elastic rods the authors show the simplicity and efficiency of the algorithm when finding all the range equilibrium system states. The quality of the solution is proved by the coincidence of the results in case of gentle and heavy loading of the system and with the results of other investigations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.47-58

References
  1. Belytschko T., Liu W., Moran B. Nonlinear Finite Elements for Continua and Structures. J.Wiley & Sons, 2000, 300 p.
  2. Bonet J., Wood R. Nonlinear Continuum Mechanics for Finite Element Analysis. Cambridge University Press, 1997, 248 p.
  3. Crisfield M.A. Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis of Solids and Structures. J. Wiley & Sons, 1996, vol. 1, 362 p.
  4. Kyther P., Wie D. An Introduction to Linear and Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis. Birkhauer Verlag, 2004, 445 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-8176-8160-9.
  5. Reddy J.N. An Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis. Oxford University Press, 2004, 488 p.
  6. Danilin A.N., Zuev N.N., Snegovskiy D.V., Shalashilin V.I. Ob ispol’zovanii metoda konechnykh elementov pri reshenii geometricheski nelineynykh zadach [On the Use of Finite Element Method when Solving Geometry Nonlinear Tasks]. SAPR i grafika [CAD and Graphics]. 2000, no. 4, pp. 26—31. (In Russian)
  7. Perel’muter A.V., Slivker V.I. Ustoychivost’ ravnovesiya konstruktsiy i rodstvennye problemy [Equilibrium Stability of Structures and Related Problems]. Moscow, SKAD SOFT Publ., 2007, 653 p. (In Russian)
  8. Kheydari A., Galishnikova V.V. Pryamoy uprugoplasticheskiy raschet stal’nykh ferm s bol’shimi peremeshcheniyami na predel’noe ravnovesie i prisposoblyaemost’ [Straight Elastic-Plastic Calculation of the Limit Equilibrium and Adaptability of Steel Trusses with Large Displacements]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 51—64. (In Russian)
  9. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp’yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [Computer Models and Structures]. Kiev, «Fakt» Publ., 2007, 394 p. (In Russian)
  10. Pokrovskiy A.A., Khechumov R.A. Smeshannaya forma MKE v raschetakh sterzhnevykh sistem s uchetom fizicheskoy i geometricheskoy nelineynostey [Mixed Form of FEM in Calculation of Truss Systems with Account for Physical and Geometric Nonlinearity]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanica and Calculation of Structures]. 1991, no. 2, pp. 5—11. (In Russian)
  11. Pokrovskiy A.A., Khechumov R.A. Predel’noe i zapredel’noe sostoyanie sterzhnevykh sistem [Limit and Beyond Limit State of Truss Systems]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1991, no. 4, pp. 18—21. (In Russian)
  12. Nazarov D.I. Geometricheski nelineynyy analiz v metode konechnykh elementov, real’nosti i mify [Geometric Nonlinear Analysis in Finite Element Method, Reality and Myths]. Problemy dinamiki, prochnosti i iznosostoykosti mashin [Problems of Dynamics, Stability and Durability of Machines]. 2000, no. 6. (In Russian)
  13. Nazarov D.I. Obzor sovremennykh programm konechno-elementnogo analiza [Review of the Modern Programs of Finite Element Analysis]. SAPR i grafika [CAD and Graphics]. 2000, no. 2, pp. 52—55. (In Russian)
  14. Kurguzov V.D. O chislennom reshenii geometricheski nelineynykh zadach stroitel’noy mekhaniki [On Numerical Solution of Geometric Nonlinear Tasks of Structural Mechanics]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2009, no. 3—4, pp. 14—22. (In Russian)
  15. Evzerov I.D., Geraymovich Yu.D., Laznyuk M.V., Marchenko D.V. Chislennoe reshenie zadach sil’nogo izgiba [Numerical Solution of Strong Bend Tasks]. Sayt podderzhki pol’zovateley SAPR [Site of CAD User Support]. Available at: http://www.cad.dp.ua/obzors/lira.php/. Date of access: 30.10.2015. (In Russian)
  16. Levyakov S.V. O chislennom reshenii geometricheski nelineynykh zadach statiki uprugikh konstruktsiy [On Numerical Solution of Geometric Nonlinear Tasks of Elastic Structures’ Statics]. Sayt podderzhki pol’zovateley SAPR [Site of CAD User Support]. Available at: http://www.cad.dp.ua/obzors/fem3.php/. Date of access: 30.10.2015. (In Russian)
  17. Ignat’ev V.A., Ignat’ev A.V., Zhidelev A.V. Smeshannaya forma metoda konechnykh elementov v zadachakh stroitel’noy mekhaniki [Mixed Form of Finite Element Method in Problems of Structural Mechanics]. Volgograd, VolgGASU Publ., 2006, 172 p. (In Russian)
  18. Ignat’ev V.A., Ignat’ev A.V., Galishnikova V.V., Onishchenko E.V. Nelineynaya stroitel’naya mekhanika sterzhnevykh sistem. Osnovy teorii. Primery rascheta [Nonlinear Structural Mechanics of Truss Systems. Foundation of the Theory. Calculation Examples]. Volgograd, VolgGASU Publ., 2014, 84 p. (In Russian)
  19. Petrov V.V. Nelineynaya inkremental’naya stroitel’naya mekhanika [Nonlinear Incremental Structural Mechanics]. Moscow, Infra — Inzheneriya Publ., 2014, 480 p. (In Russian)
  20. Petrov V.V. Metod posledovatel’nykh nagruzheniy v nelineynoy teorii plastinok i obolochek [Method of Continuous Loadings in Nonlinear Theory of Plates and Shells]. Saratov, Izdatel’stvo Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta Publ., 1975, 120 p. (In Russian)

Download

Comparative analysis of the results of experimental and numerical studies of the performance of cross-beam butt joint with a column in slab cast over precast joists

  • Koyankin Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 Svobodny Avenue, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.
  • Kolcheva Natal’ya Viktorovna - Siberian Federal University (FGOU VPO SFU) Master student, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Siberian Federal University (FGOU VPO SFU), 79 Svobodny Avenue, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.

Pages 59-65

At the present moment in Russia the construction of precast and cast-in-place frame buildings are widely spread in Russia. This technology is the most advanced because of the possibility of maximally efficient simultaneous use of the advantages of precast and monolithic housing construction with minimizing their disadvantages. At the same time the volume of the scientific researches on stress-strain state of cast-in-place and precast constructions is not enough to objectively evaluate the bearing capacity, rigidity and crack-resistance of such buildings. Cast-in-place and precast construction covers a considerable part in large-scale construction, but despite this, there is a great variety of gaps in the understanding of such construction performance. Reasoning from this fact, numerical and experimental research has been carried out on studying of the performance of longitudinal beam joint to column with a column in slab cast over precast joists.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.59-65

References
  1. Shembakov V.A. Sborno-monolitnoe karkasnoe domostroenie: rukovodstvo k prinyatiyu resheniya [Cast-in place and Precast Frame House-Building. Guidance for Decision-Making]. 2nd edition, revised. Cheboksary, 2005, 119 p. (In Russian)
  2. Unifitsirovannaya sistema sborno-monolitnogo bezrigel’nogo karkasa KUB 2.5. Vypusk 1-1 / TsNIIPI «Monolit» [Unified System of Precast-Cast-in-place Reinforced Concrete Composite Frame without Collar Beams KUB 2.5. Edition 1-1 / TSNIIPI “Monolit”]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 49 p. (In Russian)
  3. Selivanov V.N., Selivanov S.N. Patent 2107784 RU, MPK E04V 1/35, E04G 23/00, E04G 21/00. Sposob vozvedeniya, vosstanovleniya ili rekonstruktsii zdaniy, sooruzheniy i sposob izgotovleniya stroitel’nykh izdeliy i konstruktsiy iz kompozitsionnykh materialov, preimushchestvenno betonov, dlya vozvedeniya, vosstanovleniya ili rekonstruktsii zdaniy, sooruzheniy [Russian Patent 2107784 RU, MPK E04V 1/35, E04G 23/00, E04G 21/00. Ways of Construction, Reconstruction and Restoration of Buildings, Structures and Method of Construction Products of Composite Materials, Primarily of Concrete, for Construction, Reconstruction and Restoration of Buildings, Structures]. Patent holder V.N. Selivanov, S.N. Selivanov. No. 96124582/03 ; appl. 30.12.1996 ; publ. 27.03.1998. (In Russian)
  4. Mordich A.I., Sadokho V.E., Podlipskaya I.I., Taratynova N.A. Sborno-monolitnye prednapryazhennye perekrytiya s primeneniem mnogopustotnykh plit [Precast-Monolithic Prestressed Slabs Using Hollow Core Slabs]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1993, no. 5, pp. 3—6. (In Russian)
  5. Mordich A.I., Kuchikhin S.N., Belevich V.N., Simbirkin V.N. Patent 2226593 RU, MPK E04V 1/18. Zhelezobetonnyy sborno-monolitnyy karkas mnogoetazhnogo zdaniya [Russian Patent 2226593 RU, MPK E04V 1/18Reinforced Concrete Precast-Cast-In-Place Frame of a Multistorey Building]. Patent holder Institute «BelNIIS». No. 2002118292/03 ; appl. 08.07.2002 ; publ. 10.04.2004. Byul. no. 10. (In Russian)
  6. Mustafin I.I. Patent 2281362 RU, MPK E04V 1/20. Sborno-monolitnyy zhelezobetonnyy karkas mnogoetazhnogo zdaniya «Kazan’-XXIv» [Russian Patent 2281362 RU, MPK E04V 1/20. Precast-Cast-In-Place Reinforced Concrete Frame of a Multistory Building “Kazan-21v”]. Patent holder I.I. Mustafin. No. 2004139244/03 ; appl. 27.12.2004 ; publ. 10.05.2005. Bulletin no. 22. (In Russian)
  7. Kazina G.A. Sovremennye zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii seysmostoykikh zdaniy: otechestvennyy i zarubezhnyy opyt [Modern Reinforced Concrete Structures of Earthquake-Resistant Buildings : Domestic and Foreign Experience]. Moscow, VNIIS Publ., 1981, 25 p. (Construction and Architecture. Series 8. Building Structures) (In Russian)
  8. Mordich A.I. Sborno-monolitnye i monolitnye karkasy mnogoetazhnykh zdaniy s ploskimi raspornymi perekrytiyami [In-cast and Precast Joists and Cast-In-Place Frames of Multi-Storey Buildings with Flat Space Slabs]. Montazhnye i spetsial’nye raboty v stroitel’stve [Erecting and Special Works in Construction]. 2001, no. 8—9, pp. 10—14. (In Russian)
  9. Koyankin A.A., Mitasov V.M. Nekotorye rezul’taty naturnykh ispytaniy fragmenta karkasnogo zdaniya v sborno-monolitnom ispolnenii [Some Results of Field Investigations of a Fragment of Precast-Cast-In-Place Frame Building]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2015, no. 5, pp. 18—20. (In Russian)
  10. Mordich A.I., Belevich V.N., Simbirkin V.N., Navoy D.I. Opyt prakticheskogo primeneniya i osnovnye rezul’taty naturnykh ispytaniy sborno-monolitnogo karkasa BelNIIS [Experience of Practical Use and Main Results of In-Place Tests of Precast and Cast-In-Place Frame BelNIIS]. BST: Byulleten’ stroitel’noy tekhniki [BST — Bulletin of Construction Equipment]. 2004, no. 8, pp. 8—12. (In Russian)
  11. Koprivitsa B. Primenenie karkasnoy sistemy IMS dlya stroitel’stva zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy [The Use of Frame System IMS for Construction of Residential and Industrial Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 1984, no. 1, pp. 30—32. (In Russian)
  12. Mordich A.I., Sadokho V.E., Podlipskaya I.I., Taratynova N.A. Sborno-monolitnye prednapryazhennye perekrytiya s primeneniem mnogopustotnykh plit [In-cast and Precast Joists Stressed Slabs with Use of Hollow-Core Slab]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1993, no. 5, pp. 3—6. (In Russian)
  13. Weber H., Bredenbals B., Hullman H. Bauelemente mit Gittertragern. Hannover, Institut fur Industrialisierung des Buens, 1996, 24 p.
  14. Bausysteme mit Gittertragern. Fachgruppe Betonbauteile mit Gittertragern im BDB. Bonn, 1998, 40 p.
  15. Janti F. Sborno-monolitnyy karkas «Delta» [Precast-cast-in-place frame “Delta”] Prospekt kompanii «Deltatek OY». Prospectus of the Company “Deltatek OY”]. 1998, 6 p.
  16. Dimitrijevic R. A Prestressed «Open» System from Jugoslavia. Système «Ouvert» Précontraint Yougoslave. Batiment Informational, Building Research and Practice. 1978, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 244, 245—249. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy referativnyy sbornik TsINIS [Science and Technical Abstract Collection of the Central Institute of Scientific Information on Construction]. 1979, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 8—12. (In Russian)
  17. Pessiki S., Prior R., Sause R., Slaughter S. Review of Existing Precast Concrete Gravity Load Floor Framing System. PCI Journal. 1995, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 52—67.
  18. Schwerm D., Jaurini G. Deskensysteme aus Betonfertigteilen. Informationsstelle Beton-Bauteile, Bonn, 1997, 37 p.
  19. Koyankin A.A., Mitasov V.M. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya raboty stykovogo soedineniya rigelya s kolonnoy v sborno-monolitnom perekrytii [Experimental Study of the Operation of the Bolt Joint of a Bearer with a Column in Precast-Monolithic Ceiling]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 5, pp. 27—34. (In Russian)
  20. Mitasov V.M., Koyankin A.A. Rabota diska sborno-monolitnogo perekrytiya [Operation of a slab of cast over precast joists]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 103—110. (In Russian)

Download

The history and development prospects of one of the methods for solving multidimensional problems of structural mechanics

  • Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Head of Research Laboratory “Reliability and Earthquake Engineering”, Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Dorozhinskiy Vladimir Bogdanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Sidorov Dmitriy Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 66-75

Earthquakes can be very strong and can lead to significant damages. Effect of earthquakes depend on seismic action characteristics (intensity, spectral composition, etc.), foundation soil properties in region of construction, design and construction quality. In seismically dangerous regions structural calculations the current design standards suppose the use of the coefficient K1, which takes account the non-linear work of construction material and the allowable damages of structures. Our research shows that a stiffening core fails in case of intensive earthquake if the walls are designed according to current design standards. Thus, plastic deformations do not occur and develop in the supporting elements at the beginning of the process, so the lowering coefficient K1 should be disregarded. As stiffening core is projected with account for the reduction factor K1, the existing reinforcement is not enough for standing the emerging stress and its failure happens followed by a redistribution of the stress to frame columns. The columns are also projected with account for the reduction factor K1 and are not able to take such an increase stress beyond design. There is destruction of column frame and complete collapse of the building. So seismic resistance of bearing structures is reduced several times. The approach to estimating K1 must be responsible, based on the latest scientific research, which sometimes could not be done according to the acting design standards.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.66-75

References
  1. Aptikaev F.F. Mery po snizheniyu ushcherba ot zemletryaseniy [Measures to Reduce Earthquake Damage]. Prirodnye opasnosti Rossii [Natural Hazards of Russia]. Moscow, Kruk Publ., 2000, chapter 7, pp. 165—195. (In Russian)
  2. Bednyakov V.G., Nefedov S.S. Otsenka povrezhdaemosti vysotnykh i protyazhennykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy zheleznodorozhnogo transporta pri seysmicheskikh vozdeystviyakh [Evaluation of Seismic Damage to High and Extended Buildings and Structures of Railway Transport]. Transport: nauka, tekhnika, upravlenie [Transport: Science, Technology, Management]. 2003, no. 12, pp. 24—32. (In Russian)
  3. Polyakov S.V. Posledstviya sil’nykh zemletryaseniy [Consequences of Strong Earthquakes]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 311 p. (In Russian)
  4. Pshenichkina V.A., Zolina T.V., Drozdov V.V., Kharlanov V.L. Metodika otsenki seysmicheskoy nadezhnosti zdaniy povyshennoy etazhnosti [Methods of Estimating Seismic Reliability of High-Rise Buildings]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2011, no. 25, pp. 50—56. (In Russian).
  5. Khachatryan S.O. Spektral’no-volnovaya teoriya seysmostoykosti [Spectral-Wave Theory of Seismic Stability]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Antiseismic Construction. Structures Safety]. 2004, no. 3, pp. 58—61. (In Russian)
  6. Radin V.P., Trifonov O.V., Chirkov V.P. Model’ mnogoetazhnogo karkasnogo zdaniya dlya raschetov na intensivnye seysmicheskie vozdeystviya [A Model of Multi-Storey Frame Buildings for Calculations on Intensive Seismic Effects]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Antiseismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2001, no. 1, pp. 23—26. (In Russian)
  7. Tyapin A.G. Raschet sooruzheniy na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya s uchetom vzaimodeystviya s gruntovym osnovaniem [Structural Analysis on Seismic Effects With Account for Interaction with Soil Foundation]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2013, 399 p. (In Russian)
  8. Chopra Anil K. Elastic Response Spectrum: A Historical Note. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics. 2007, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 3—12. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eqe.609.
  9. Khavroshkin O.B., Tsyplakov V.V. Nelineynaya seysmologiya: nekotorye fundamental’nye i prikladnye problemy razvitiya [Nonlinear Seismology: Some Fundamental and Applied Problems of Development]. Fundamental’nye nauki — narodnomu khozyaystvu : sbornik [Fundamental Sciences to National Economy : Collection]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1990, pp. 363—367. (In Russian)
  10. Stefanishin D.V. K voprosu otsenki i ucheta seysmicheskogo riska pri prinyatii resheniy [Assessment and Consideration of Seismic Risk in Decision-Making]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Preventing Accidents of Buildings and Structures: Collection of Scientific Works]. 10.12.2012. Available at: http://www.pamag.ru/pressa/calculation_seismic-risk. (In Russian)
  11. Simbort E.Kh.S. Metodika vybora koeffitsienta reduktsii seysmicheskikh nagruzok K1 pri zadannom urovne koeffitsienta plastichnosti m [Methodology of Selecting Seismic Loads Gear Ratio of Reduction K1 with Given Plastic Ratio m]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2012, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 44—52. (In Russian)
  12. Mkrtychev O.V., Dzhinchvelashvili G.A. Analiz ustoychivosti zdaniya pri avariynykh vozdeystviyakh [Analysis of Building Sustainability during Emergency Actions]. Nauka i tekhnika transporta [Science and Technology on Transport]. 2002, no. 2, pp. 34—41. (In Russian)
  13. Mkrtychev O.V., Yur’ev R.V. Raschet konstruktsiy na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya s ispol’zovaniem sintezirovannykh akselerogramm [Structural Analysis on Seismic Effects Using Synthesized Accelerograms]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 52—54. (In Russian)
  14. Dzhinchvelashvili G.A., Mkrtychev O.V. Effektivnost’ primeneniya seysmoizoliruyushchikh opor pri stroitel’stve zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Effectiveness of Seismic Isolation Bearings during the Construction of Buildings and Structures]. Transportnoe stroitel’stvo [Transport Construction]. 2003, no. 9, pp. 15—19. (In Russian)
  15. Mkrtychev O.V. Bezopasnost’ zdaniy i sooruzheniy pri seysmicheskikh i avariynykh vozdeystviyakh [Safety of Buildings and Structures in Case of Seismic and Emergency Loads]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2010, 152 p. (In Russian)
  16. Datta T.K. Seismic Analysis of Structures. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, 2010, 464 p.
  17. Dr. Sudhir K. Jain, Dr. C.V.R. Murty. Proposed Draft Provisions and Commentary on Indian Seismic Code IS 1893 (Part 1). Kanpur, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 2002, 158 p.
  18. Guo Shu-xiang, Lü Zhen-zhou. Procedure for Computing the Possibility and Fuzzy Probability of Failure of Structures. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. 2003, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 338—343. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02438271.
  19. Housner G.W. The Plastic Failure of Frames during Earthquakes. Proceedings of the 2nd WCEE, Tokyo&Kyoto. Japan, 1960, vol. II, pp. 997—1012
  20. Pintoa P.E., Giannini R., Franchin P. Seismic Reliability Analysis of Structures. Pavia, Italy, IUSS Press, 2004, 370 p.

Download

The history and development prospects of one of the methods for solving multidimensional problems of structural mechanics

  • Stankevich Anatoliy Nikolaevich - Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Strength of Materials, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA), 31 Vozdukhoflotskiy prospekt, Kiev, 03680, Ukraine; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 76-91

The equations describing stress-strain state of the majority of the calculation models in linear statement are considered in frames of the theory of elasticity (statics and dynamics) and thermoelasticity. These equations are defined in three-dimentional space or with account for symmetry in teo-dimentional space and are belong to complicated tasks of mathematical physics. The famous mathematicians and nechanics had already offered solutions for the simplest cases of such tasks. But it is impossible to solve the majority of tasks, especially the dynamic ones, using analythical solutions. In this work the authors deal with the modern methods for solving multidimensional problems of structural mechanics. The attention is paid to the methods of dimension reduction of the initial equations. The development and improvement of the method of lines is considered in detail, the shortcomings of the existing approaches are enumerated and the possible development direction of the method to the new task classes is offered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.76-91

References
  1. Lur’e A.I. Prostranstvennye zadachi teorii uprugosti [Spatial Problems of Elasticity Theory]. Moscow, GITTL Publ., 1955, 491 p. (In Russian)
  2. Lyav A. Matematicheskaya teoriya uprugosti [Mathematical Theory of Elasticity]. Translated from English. Moscow, Leningrad, ONTI Publ., 1935, 674 p.
  3. Novatskiy V. Dinamicheskie zadachi termouprugosti [The Dynamic Thermoelasticity Problems]. Translated from Polish. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1970, 256 p. (In Russian)
  4. Kruz T., Ritstso F. Metod granichnykh integral’nykh uravneniy. Vychislitel’nye aspekty i prilozheniya v mekhanike : sbornik trudov [The Method of Boundary Integral Equations. Computational Aspects and applications on Mechanics : Collection of Works]. Translated from English. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1978, no. 15, 210 p. (Novoe v zarubezhnoy nauke. Mekhanika [New in the Foreign Science. Mechanics]) (In Russian)
  5. Veryuzhskiy Yu.V. Metod potentsiala v staticheskikh zadachakh stroitel’noy mekhaniki : dissertatsiya ... doktora tekhnicheskikh nauk [Potential Methods for Static Problems of Structural Mechanics. Dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences]. Kiev, 1980, 431 p. (In Russian)
  6. Veryuzhskiy Yu.V. Chislennye metody potentsiala v nekotorykh zadachakh prikladnoy mekhaniki [Numerical Methods of Potential in Some Problems of Applied Mechanics]. Kiev, Vishcha shkola Publ.,1978, 183 p. (In Russian)
  7. Benerdzhi P., Batterfild R. Metod granichnykh elementov v prikladnykh naukakh [The Method of Boundary Elements in Applied Sciences]. Translated from English. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1984, 494 p. (In Russian)
  8. Brebbiya K., Uoker S. Primenenie metoda granichnykh elementov v tekhnike [Application of the Method of Boundary Elements in Engineering]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1982, 248 p. (In Russian)
  9. Vaynberg D.V., Sinyavskiy A.L. Raschet obolochek [Calculation of Shells]. Kiev, Gosstroyizdat USSR Publ., 1961, 119 p. (In Russian)
  10. Kupradze V.D. O priblizhennom reshenii zadach matematicheskoy fiziki [Approximate Solution of the Problems of Mathematical Physics]. Uspekhi matematicheskikh nauk [Success of Mathematical Sciences]. 1967, vol. 22, no. 2 (134), pp. 59—107. (In Russian)
  11. Parton V.Z., Perlin P.I. Integral’nye uravneniya teorii uprugosti [Integral Equations of Elasticity Theory]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1977, 312 p. (In Russian)
  12. Ugodchikov A.G., Khutoryanskiy N.M. Metod granichnykh elementov v mekhanike deformiruemogo tverdogo tela [Boundary Element Method in Solid Mechanics]. Kazan, Izdatel’stvo Kazanskogo universiteta Publ., 1986, 295 p. (In Russian)
  13. Lur’e A.I. K teorii tolstykh plit [On the Theory of Thick Plates]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1942, vol. 6, no. 2—3, pp. 151—168. (In Russian)
  14. Kil’chevskiy N.A. Obobshchenie sovremennoy teorii obolochek [Generalization the Modern Theory of Shells]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1939, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 427—438. (In Russian)
  15. Vlasov V.Z. Metod nachal’nykh funktsiy v zadachakh teorii uprugosti [The Method of Initial Functions in the Axisymmetric Problem of the Theory of Elasticity]. Izvestiya’ AN SSSR, OTN. [News of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Technical Sciences]. 1955, no. 7, pp. 49—69. (In Russian)
  16. Selezov І.T. Doslіdzhennya poperechnikh kolivan’ plastin [Oscillations Research of Transverse Plates]. Prikladna mekhanіka [Applied Mechanics]. 1960, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 319—326. (In Ukrainian)
  17. Selezov I.T., Kil’chitskaya G.A. Privedenie trekhmernoy dinamicheskoy zadachi termouprugosti dlya sloya postoyannoy tolshchiny [Bringing the Three-Dimensional Dynamic Thermoelasticity Problem for a Layer of Constant Thickness]. Teplovye napryazheniya v elementakh konstruktsiy : doklady nauchnogo soveshchaniya [Thermal Stresses in Structural Elements : Reports of the Scientific Conference]. Kiev, Naukova dumka Publ., 1964, no. 4, pp. 172—179. (In Russian)
  18. Vorovich I.I. Nekotorye matematicheskie voprosy teorii plastin i obolochek [Some Mathematical Problems in the Theory of Plates and Shells]. Trudy Vtorogo Vsesoyuznogo s”ezda po teoreticheskoy i prikladnoy mekhanike [Works of the Second All-Union Meeting on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, no. 3, pp. 116—136. (In Russian)
  19. Vorovich I.I., Malkina O.S. Napryazhennoe sostoyanie tolstoy plity [Stress State of a Thick Plate]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1967, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 230—241. (In Russian)
  20. Vorovich I.I., Prokopov V.K. Nekotorye voprosy trekhmernoy teorii uprugosti [Some Questions of the Three-Dimensional Theory of Elasticity]. III Vsesoyuznyy s”ezd po teorii i prikladnoy mekhanike. Annotatsiya dokladov [The 3rd All-Union Meeting on the Theory and Applied Mechanics. Annotation of Reports]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1968, p. 81. (In Russian)
  21. Vlasov V.V. Primenenie metoda nachal’nykh funktsiy k raschetu tolstykh plit [Application of the Method of Initial Functions to the Calculation of Thick Plates]. Issledovaniya po teorii sooruzheniy : sbornik [Investigations on Structural Analysis : Collection]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1961, no. 10, pp. 189—207. (In Russian)
  22. Vlasov V.V. Metod nachal’nykh funktsiy v osesimmetrichnoy zadache teorii uprugosti [The Method of Initial Functions in the Theory of Elasticity]. Raschet plastin i obolochek [Calculation of Plates and Shells]. 1963, no. 34, pp. 31—45. (In Russian)
  23. Vlasov V.Z., Leont’ev N.N. Balki, plity i obolochki na uprugom osnovanii [Beams, Plates and Shells on the Elastic Foundation]. Moscow, Fizmatgiz Publ., 1960, 491 p. (In Russian)
  24. Gol’denveyzer A.L. Postroenie priblizhennoy teorii izgiba plastinki metodom asimptoticheskogo integrirovaniya uravneniy teorii uprugosti [An Approximate Theory of Bending a Plate Using the Method of Asymptotic Integration of the Equations of Elasticity Theory]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1962, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 668—686. (In Russian)
  25. Gol’denveyzer A.L. Asimptoticheskiy metod postroeniya teorii obolochek [The Asymptotic Method of Constructing the Theory of Shells]. Materialy I Vsesoyuznoy shkoly po teorii i chislennym metodam rascheta obolochek i plastin [Materials of the 1st All-Russian School on the Theory and Numerical Methods of Calculating Shells and Plated]. Tbilisi, Izdatel’stvo Tbilisskogo universiteta Publ., 1975, pp. 151—213. (In Russian)
  26. Vekua I.N. Teoriya tonkikh pologikh obolochek peremennoy tolshchiny [The Theory of Thin Shallow Shells of Variable Thickness]. Trudy Tbilisskogo matematicheskogo instituta [Works of the Tbilisi Mathematical Institute]. Tbilisi, Metsniereba Publ., 1965. T. 30. 103 p. (In Russian)
  27. Akhiezer V.G. Klassicheskaya problema momentov i nekotorye voprosy analiza, svyazannye s ney [Classical Moment Problem and Some Related Questions in Analysis]. Moscow, Fizmatgiz Publ., 1961, 310 p.
  28. Gobson E.V. Teoriya sfericheskikh i ellipsoidal’nykh funktsiy [Theory of Spherical and Ellipsoidal Functions]. Translated from English. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo inostrannoy literatury Publ., 1952, 476 p. (In Russian)
  29. Vekua I.N. Nekotorye obshchie metody postroeniya razlichnykh variantov teorii obolochek [Some Common Methods of Constructing Different Versions of the Theory of Shells]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1982, 288 p. (In Russian)
  30. Isakhanov G.V., Chibiryakov V.K., Smolyar A.M. Chislenno-analiticheskiy metod resheniya zadach statiki tolstykh neodnorodnykh plastin [Numerical-Analytical Method for Solving Statics Problems of Thick Inhomogeneous Plates]. Trudy 13-y Vsesoyuznoy konferentsii po teorii plastin i obolochek [Works of the 13th All-Russian Conference on the Theory of Plates and Shells]. Tallin, 1983, part 2, pp. 130—135. (In Russian)
  31. Isakhanov G.V., Chibiryakov V.K. Razvitie metoda Vekua I.N. v statike i dinamike tolstykh plastin [Development of the Method of I.N. Vekua in Statics and Dynamics of Thick Plates]. Tezisy dokladov 2-y Vsesoyuznoy konferentsii po teorii uprugosti [Abstracts of the 2nd All-Union Conference on Elasticity Theory]. Tbilisi, 1984, 122 p. (In Russian)
  32. Chibiryakov V.K. Obobshchennyy metod konechnykh integral’nykh preobrazovaniy v statike i dinamike netonkikh plastin [Generalized Method of Integral Transformations in Statics and Dynamics of Non-Thin Plates]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : respublikanskiy mezhvedomstvennyy nauchnyy sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Republican Interdepartmental Scientific Collection]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1982, no. 40, pp. 90—95. (In Russian)
  33. Chibiryakov V.K., Smolyar A.M. Ob odnom obobshchenii metoda konechnykh integral’nykh preobrazovaniy v teorii tolstykh plastin [On a Generalization of the Method of Integral Transformations in the Theory of Thick Plates]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : respublikanskiy mezhvedomstvennyy nauchnyy sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Republican Interdepartmental Scientific Collection]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1983, no. 42, pp. 80—86. (In Russian)
  34. Chibіryakov V.K., Smolyar A.M. Teorіya tovstikh plastin ta obolonok [The Theory of Thick Plates and Shells]. Cherkasi, ChDTU Publ., 2002, 160 p. (In Ukrainian)
  35. Chibiryakov V.K. Ob odnom variante uravneniy tsilindricheskogo izgiba netonkikh plastin [On a Variant of the Cylindrical Bending Equations of Non-Thin Plates]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : respublikanskiy mezhvedomstvennyy nauchnyy sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Republican Interdepartmental Scientific Collection]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1977, no. 31, pp. 59—67. (In Russian)
  36. Chibiryakov V.K. Chislennoe reshenie zadach statiki i dinamiki tolstykh plastin [Numerical Solution of the Problems of Statics and Dynamics of Thick Plates]. Chislennye metody resheniya zadach stroitel’noy mekhaniki : sbornik nauchnykh statey [Numerical Methods of Solcing the Problems of Structural Mechanics : Collection of Scientific Articles]. Kiev, KISI Publ., 1978, pp. 153—157. (In Russian)
  37. Chibіryakov V.K., Zhupanenko І.V. Vlasnі kolivannya tovstoї tsilіndrichnoї obolonki [Own Fluctuations of Thick Cylindrical Shell]. Opіr materіalіv і teorіya sporud : naukovo-tekhnіchniy zbіrnik [Resistance of Materials and Theory of Structures : Scientific and Technical Collection]. Kiev, KNUBA Publ., 2009, no. 84, pp. 127—133. (In Ukrainian)
  38. Chibіryakov V.K., Zhupanenko І.V. Vlasnі kolivannya tovstostіnnoї obolonki obertannya zmіnnoї tovshchini [Proper Rotation Oscillation of a Thick Shell of Variable Thickness]. Promislove budіvnitstvo ta іnzhenernі sporudi [Industrial Construction and Engineering Structures]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 5—9. (In Ukrainian)
  39. Chibіryakov V.K., Zhupanenko І.V. Metodika rozv’yazannya zadachі pro vlasnі kolivannya plastin obertannya zmіnnoї tovshchini [Methods for Solving the Problem of the Oscillations of Plates of Variable Thickness]. Opіr materіalіv і teorіya sporud : naukovo-tekhnіchniy zbіrnik [Resistance of Materials and Theory of Structures : Scientific and Technical Collection]. Kiev, KNUBA Publ., 2010, no. 86, pp. 30—46. (In Ukrainian)
  40. Chibіryakov V.K., Zhupanenko І.V. Pro odin algoritm rozrakhunku vіsesimetrichnikh kolivan’ krugloї plastini [On One Algorithm of Axially Symmetric Vibrations of Circular Plates]. Opіr materіalіv і teorіya sporud : naukovo-tekhnіchniy zbіrnik [Resistance of Materials and Theory of Structures : Scientific and Technical Collection]. Kiev, KNUBA Publ., 2007, no. 81, pp. 43—50. (In Ukrainian)
  41. Chibiryakov V.K., Boyko K.E. Opredelenie chastot i form sobstvennykh kolebaniy po utochnennym teoriyam plastin [Definition of Frequencies and Forms of Natural Oscillations in Refined Theories of Plates]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : respublikanskiy mezhvedomstvennyy nauchnyy sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Republican Interdepartmental Scientific Collection]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1985, no. 47, pp. 74—80. (In Russian)
  42. Chibiryakov V.K., Boyko K.E. Osesimmetrichnye sobstvennye kolebaniya tolstykh plastin peremennoy tolshchiny [Axisymmetric Eigenmodes of Thick Plates of Variable Thickness]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : respublikanskiy mezhvedomstvennyy nauchnyy sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Republican Interdepartmental Scientific Collection]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1986, no. 49, pp. 54—58. (In Russian)
  43. Kantorovich L.V. Odin pryamoy metod priblizhennogo resheniya zadachi o minimume dvoynogo integrala [One Direct Method for the Approximate Solution of the Problem of the Minimum of a Double Integral]. Izvestiya AN SSSR. Seriya 7. Otdelenie matematicheskikh i estestvennykh nauk [News of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Series 7. Department of Mathematical and Natural Sciences]. 1933, no. 5, pp. 647—652. (In Russian)
  44. Sadskul M.N.O., Obiozor C.N. A Simple Introduction to the Method of Lines. International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education. 2000, vol. 37/3, pp. 282—296.
  45. Vinokurov L.P. Reshenie prostranstvennoy zadachi teorii uprugosti v peremeshcheniyakh [Solution of the Spatial Problem of Elasticity in Displacements]. Byulleten’ Khar’kovskogo inzhenerno-stroitel’nogo instituta [Bulletin of Kharkov Engineering and Construction Institute]. 1940, no. 18. (In Russian)
  46. Slobodyanskiy M.G. Sposob priblizhennogo integrirovaniya uravneniy s chastnymi proizvodnymi i ego primenenie k zadacham teorii uprugosti [The Method of Approximate Integration of Partial Differential Equations and Its Application to the Problems of the Theory of Elasticity]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1939, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 75—82. (In Russian)
  47. Faddeeva V.N. Metod pryamykh v primenenii k nekotorym kraevym zadacham [Method of Lines Applied to Some Boundary Problems]. Trudy matematicheskogo instituta imeni V.A. Steklova [Works of the Mathematical Institute Named after V.A. Steklov]. 1949, vol. XXVIII, pp. 73—103. (In Russian)
  48. Kantorovich L.V., Frumkin P.V. Primenenie odnogo metoda priblizhennogo resheniya uravneniy v chastnykh proizvodnykh k resheniyu zadachi o kruchenii prizmaticheskikh sterzhney [On the Application of a Method for the Approximate Solution of Partial Differential Equations and the Problem of Torsion of Prismatic Bars]. Trudy Leninigradskogo instituta inzhenerov promyshlennogo stroitel’stva [Works of the Leningrad Institute of Industrial Construction Engineers]. 1937, no. 4, pp. 111—112. (In Russian)
  49. Slobodyanskiy M.G. Prostranstvennye zadachi teorii uprugosti dlya prizmaticheskikh tel [Spatial Problem of Elasticity Theory for Prismatic Bodies]. Uchenye zapiski Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Mekhanika [Scientific Notes of the Moscow State University. Mechanics]. 1940, no. 39. (In Russian)
  50. Slobodyanskiy M.G. Otsenka pogreshnosti iskomoy velichiny pri reshenii lineynykh zadach variatsionnym metodom [Errors Estimate for the Unknown Quantity in the Solution of Linear Problems Using the Variational Method]. DAN SSSR [Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR]. 1952, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 243—246. (In Russian)
  51. Slobodyanskiy M.G. Otsenki pogreshnosti priblizhennogo resheniya v lineynykh zadachakh, svodyashchayasya k variatsionnym, i ikh primenenie k opredeleniyu dvustoronnikh priblizheniy v staticheskikh zadachakh teorii uprugosti [Errors Estimation of Approximate Solutions to Linear Problems, which are Reduced to the Variationals and their Application to the Determination of Two-sided Approximations for Static Problems of Elasticity]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1952, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 449—464. (In Russian)
  52. Slobodyanskiy M.G. Otsenka pogreshnostey priblizhennykh resheniy lineynykh zadach [Errors Estimation of Approximate Solutions of Linear Problems]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1953, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229—244. (In Russian)
  53. Slobodyanskiy M.G. O priblizhennom reshenii lineynykh zadach, svodyashchikhsya k variatsionnym [On the Approximate Solution of Linear Problems Reduced to Variationals]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1953, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 623—626. (In Russian)
  54. Slobodyanskiy M.G. Priblizhennoe reshenie nekotorykh kraevykh zadach dlya ellipticheskogo deferentsial’nogo uravneniya i otsenka pogreshnosti [Approximate Solution of Some Boundary Value Problems for Elliptic Deferential Equation and Error Estimate]. DAN SSSR [Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR]. 1953, vol. 89, no. 2. (In Russian)
  55. Slobodyanskiy M.G. O preobrazovanii problemy minimuma funktsionala k probleme maksimuma [On the Transformation of the Problem of Functional Minimum to the Problem of Maximum]. DAN SSSR [Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR]. 1953, vol. 91,no. 4, pp. 733—736. (In Russian)
  56. Slobodyanskiy M.G. O postroenii priblizhennogo resheniya v lineynykh zadachakh [On the Construction of Approximate Solutions to Linear Problems]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 1955, vol. 19, no. 5. (In Russian)
  57. Vinokurov L.P. Pryamye metody resheniya prostranstvennykh i kontaktnykh zadach dlya massivov i fundamentov [Direct Methods for Solving Spatial and Contact Problems for Soils and Foundations]. Kharkov, KhGU Publ., 1956, 280 p. (In Russian)
  58. Vinokurov L.P. Raschet plit na uprugom poluprostranstve s primeneniem inzhenerno-diskretnogo metoda [Calculation of Plates on Elastic Half-Space Using Integro-Discrete Method]. Vestnik inzhenerov i tekhnikov [Proceedings of Engineers and Technicians]. 1951, no. 4, pp. 166—171. (In Russian)
  59. Vinokurov L.P. Priblizhennye metody resheniya differentsial’nykh uravneniy stroitel’noy mekhaniki [Approximate Methods for Solving Differential Equations of Structural Mechanics]. Trudy KhISI [Works of Kharkov Institute of Construction and Engineering]. 1951, no. 3. (In Russian)
  60. Vinokurov L.P. Raschet kolodtsa na uprugom osnovanii, nagruzhennogo silami, ne lezhashchimi v ploskosti krivizny kolodtsa [Calculation of a Well on an Elastic Foundation Loaded with the Forces That Do Not Lie in the Plane of the Well Curvature]. Vestnik inzhenerov i tekhnikov [Proceedings of Engineers and Technicians]. 1938, no. 1. (In Russian)
  61. Vinokurov L.P. Priblizhennyy metod resheniya ploskikh zadach teorii uprugosti [An Approximate Method of Solving Plane Elasticity Problems]. Trudy KhISI [Works of Kharkov Institute of Construction and Engineering]. 1949, vol. II. (In Russian)
  62. Petrov Yu.P. Raschet na izgib uprugikh pryamougol’nykh plastin diskretnym metodom [Discrete Method Calculation of Bending of Orthotropic Elastic Plates]. Trudy Khar’kovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta [Works of Kharkov Aviation Institute]. 1961, no. 18, pp. 86—99. (In Russian)
  63. Petrov Yu.P. Osnovy rascheta na izgib plastin diskretnym metodom [Bases of Bending Calculation of Plates Using Discrete Method]. Trudy Khar’kovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta [Works of Kharkov Aviation Institute]. 1961, no. 18, pp. 67—83. (In Russian)
  64. Petrov Yu.P. Raschet na izgib kosozashchemlennoy konsol’noy plastiny peremennoy tolshchiny [Bending Calculation of Sidely Restrained Console Plate of Variable Thickness]. Trudy Khar’kovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta [Works of Kharkov Aviation Institute]. 1963, no. 22, pp. 62—78. (In Russian)
  65. Petrov Yu.P. Raschet na izgib diskretnym metodom ortotropnykh uprugikh plastin [Bending Calculation of Orthotropic Elastic Using Discrete Method]. Trudy Khar’kovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta [Works of Kharkov Aviation Institute]. 1963, no. 22, pp. 79—86. (In Russian)
  66. Petrov Yu.P. Raschet na izgib plastin s lineynym izmeneniem tolshchiny diskretnym metodom [Bending Calculation of Plates with Linear Variation of Thickness Using Discrete Method]. Trudy Khar’kovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta [Works of Kharkov Aviation Institute]. 1961, no. 18, pp. 79—86. (In Russian)
  67. Shkelev L.T. Ispol’zovanie metoda pryamykh dlya resheniya bigarmonicheskogo uravneniya [Using the Method of Lines for Solving Biharmonic Equation]. Referativnaya informatsiya o zakonchenykh nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabotakh v VUZakh USSR. Stroitel’naya mekhanika, raschet sooruzheniy : sbornik [Reference Information on the Concluded Scientific and Research Works in the Higher Institutions of the USSR. Structural Mechanics, Calculation of Structures : Collection]. Kiev, Vyshcha shkola Publ., 1971, no. 2. (In Russian)
  68. Shkelev L.T. Raschet plastin proizvol’noy formy v polyarnykh koordinatakh. Ploskoe izgibnoe napryazhennoe sostoyanie [Calculation of Plates of Arbitrary Forms in Polar Coordinates. Flat Bending Stress State]. Referativnaya informatsiya : sbornik [Reference Information : Collection]. 1971, no. 2. (In Russian)
  69. Shkelev L.T. Reshenie kraevoy zadachi dlya bigarmonicheskogo uravneniya metodom pryamykh v polyarnykh koordinatakh [Solution of the Boundary Problem for Biharmonic Equation by the Method of Lines in Polar Coordinates]. Referativnaya informatsiya : sbornik [Reference Information: Collection]. 1972, no. 3. (In Russian)
  70. Korbakov A.F. Razvitie i primenenie metoda pryamykh k issledovaniyu slozhnogo napryazhennogo i deformirovannogo sostoyaniya plastin i plastinchatykh sistem : dissertatsiya ... doktora tekhnicheskikh nauk [Development and Application of the Method of Lines to Study Complex Stress and Strain State of Plates and Plate Systems. Dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences]. Kiev, 1985. (In Russian)
  71. Morskov Yu.A. Raschet izgibaemykh plastin proizvol’noy formy [Calculation of Bent Plates of Arbitrary Shape]. Referativnaya informatsiya o zakonchenykh nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabotakh v VUZakh USSR. Stroitel’naya mekhanika, raschet sooruzheniy : sbornik [Reference Information on the Concluded Scientific and Research Works in the Higher Institutions of the USSR. Structural Mechanics, Calculation of Structures : Collection]. Kiev, 1977, no. 9. (In Russian)
  72. Morskov Yu.A. Reshenie nekotorykh zadach izgiba dvukhsvyaznykh plastin proizvol’nogo ochertaniya [Solution of Some Bending Problems of Doubly Connected Plates of Arbitrary Shape]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Collection]. Kiev, Budіvel’nik Publ., 1977, no. 31. (In Russian)
  73. Morskov Yu.A. Primenenie metoda pryamykh v polyarnykh koordinatakh k resheniyu zadach izgiba plastin proizvol’noy formy [Application of the Method of Lines in Polar Coordinates for the Problems of Bending Plates of Arbitrary Shape]. Soprotivlenie materialov i teoriya sooruzheniy : sbornik [Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures : Collection]. Kiev, Budіvel’nik Publ., 1979, no. 34. (In Russian)
  74. Morskov Yu.A. Priblizhennyy metod rascheta na prochnost’ plastin i plastinchatykh sistem (na osnove metoda pryamykh) : dissertatsiya ... kandidata tekhnichaskikh nauk [Approximate Method for Calculating the Strength of Plates and Plate Systems (Basing on the Method of Lines) : Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Kiev, 1979. (In Russian)
  75. Odinets E.A. Opredelenie napryazhennogo i deformirovannogo sostoyaniya mnogosloynykh plastin metodom pryamykh : dissertatsiya ... kandidata tekhnichaskikh nauk [Determination of Stress and Strain State of Multi-Plates Using the Method of Lines : Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Kiev, 1988. (In Russian)
  76. Stankevich A.N. Razvitie metoda pryamykh k raschetu sostavnykh tsilindricheskikh obolochek : dissertatsiya ... kandidata tekhnichaskikh nauk [Development of the Method of Lines to the Calculation of the Components of Cylindrical Shells : Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Kiev, 1996. (In Russian)
  77. Shkelev L.T., Morskov Yu.A., Romanova T.A., Stankevich A.N. Metod pryamykh i ego ispol’zovanie pri opredelenii napryazhennogo i deformirovannogo sostoyaniy plastin i obolochek [Method of Lines and Its Use in Determining the Stress and Strain State of Plates and Shells]. Kiev, 2002, 177 p. (In Russian)
  78. Shkelev L.T., Stankevich A.N., Poshivach D.V., Morskov Yu.A., Karbakov A.F. Primenenie metoda pryamykh dlya opredeleniya napryazhennogo i deformirovannogo sostoyaniy prostranstvennykh i plastinchatykh konstruktivnykh elementov [Application of the Method of Lines to Determine the Stress and Strain States of Spatial and Plate Structural Elements]. Kiev, KNUSA Publ., 2004, 136 p. (In Russian)
  79. Godunov S.K. O chislennom reshenii kraevykh zadach dlya sistem lineynykh obyknovennykh differenial’nykh uravneniy [On Numerical Solution of Boundary Value Problems for Systems of Linear Ordinary Differential Equations]. Uspekhi matematicheskikh nauk [Success of Mathematical Sciences]. 1961, vol. 16, no. 3 (99), pp. 171—174. (In Russian)
  80. Vlaykov G.G., Grigorenko A.Ya., Shevchenko S.N. Nekotorye zadachi teorii uprugosti dlya anizotropnykh tsilindrov s nekrugovym poperechnym secheniem [Some Problems in the Theory of Elasticity for Anisotropic Cylinders with Non-Circular Cross-Section]. Kiev, 2001, 143 p. (In Russian)
  81. Vlaykov G.G., Grigorenko A.Ya. Nekotorye osesimmetrichnye zadachi statiki i dinamiki anizotropnykh tel tsilindricheskoy formy [Some Axisymmetric Problems of Statics and Dynamics of Anisotropic Cylindrical Bodies]. Kiev, 1998, 58 p. (In Russian)
  82. Korbach V.G. Algoritm chislennogo resheniya mnogotochechnykh kraevykh zadach mekhaniki deformirovannogo tverdogo tela [Algorithm for the Numerical Solution of Multipoint Boundary Value Problems in the Mechanics of Deformable Solid]. Prochnost’ konstruktsiy letatel’nykh apparatov : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Stability of the Structures of Flying Machines : Collection of Scientific Papers]. Kharkov, Khar’kovskiy aviatsionnyy institut Publ., 1990, pp. 88—95. (In Russian)

Download

ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND EXAMINATION OF BUILDINGS. SPECIAL-PURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

Experience of using automated monitoring systems of the strain state of bearing structures on the olympic objects sochi-2014

  • Shakhraman’yan Andrey Mikhaylovich - Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS) candidate of technical sciences, Director General, Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS), innovative center «Skolkovo», 4-2 Lugovaya str., 143026, Moscow, Russian Federation.
  • Kolotovichev Yuriy Aleksandrovich - Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS) candidate of technical sciences, Deputy chief designer, Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS), innovative center «Skolkovo», 4-2 Lugovaya str., 143026, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Pages 92-105

Various defects, which occur because of the influence of different environmental factors become the reason for the emergencies of building structures. Monitoring of certain parameters of bearing structures in the process of their erection and beginning of operation will help detecting negative processes which may endanger mechanical safety of buildings. The authors offer the operating results of automated monitoring system of the bearing structures state of the ice arena “Shayba” in the Olympic park in Sochi during the earthquake which happened on December 23th, 2012. The arena was equipped with a dynamic monitoring system, which helped estimating the influence of a seismic occurrence on the building constructions, to make prompt conclusions on absence of damages of the bearing structures, get important data on the dynamic response of the structure.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.92-105

References
  1. Senderov B.V. Avarii zhilykh zdaniy [Emergencies of Residential Buildings]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1992, 216 p. (In Russian)
  2. Eremin K.I., Makhutov N.A., Pavlova G.A., Shishkina N.A. Reestr avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy 2001—2010 godov [Register of the Emergencies of Buildings and Structures in 2001—2010]. Moscow, 2011, 320 p. (In Russian)
  3. Senderov B.V., Barkov Yu.V., Zakharov V.A. Analiz povrezhdeniy krupnopanel’nykh zdaniy [Analysis of Damages of Large Panel Buildings]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Collection of Scientific Works]. Moscow, 1986, 230 p. (In Russian)
  4. Senderov B.V., Dronov Yu.P. Naturnye issledovaniya prochnosti krupnopanel’nykh zdaniy [Field surveys of the stability of large panel buildings]. Bukharest, Rumania, INCHERK Publ., 1986. (In Russian)
  5. Shakhraman’yan A.M. Metodicheskie osnovy sozdaniya system monitoringa nesushchikh construktsiy unikal’nykh ob’’ektov [Methodological principles of the development of monitoring systems of load-bearing structures in unique buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 256—262. (In Russian)
  6. Shakhramanyan A., Kukartz J., Kolotovichev Y.A. Modern Structural Monitoring Systems for High-Rise and Unique Buildings. 2nd Joint International Symposium on Deformation Monitoring (JISDM). Nottingham, UK, 2013.
  7. Sluzhba srochnykh doneseniy [Emergency Message Service]. Geofizicheskaya sluzhba RAN [Geophysical Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Available at: http://www.ceme.gsras.ru/ceme/. Date of access: 15.10.2015. (In Russian)
  8. Mkrtychev O.V., Dzhinchvelashvili G.A. Problemy ucheta nelineynostey v teorii seysmostoykosti (gipotezy i zabluzhdeniya) [Problems of Accounting for Nonlinearities in the Theory of Seismic Resistance (Hypotheses and Mistakes)]. 2nd edition. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2014, pp. 88—89. (In Russian)
  9. Batel M. Operational Modal Analysis — Another Way of Doing Modal Testing. Sound and Vibration. August 2002, pp. 22—27.
  10. Siebel T., Friedman A., Koch M., Mayer D. Assessment of Mode Shape-Based Damage Detection Methods under Real Operational Conditions. 6th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring. Dresden, Germany, 2012.
  11. Sohn H., Farrar C.R., Hemez F.M., Shunk D.D., Stinemates D.W., Nadler B.R., Czamecki J.J. A Review of Structural Health Monitoring Literature: 1996—2001. Los Alamos, NM, USA, Los-Alamos National Laboratory, Report LA-13976-MS, 2004.
  12. Rainieri C., Fabbrocino G. Operational Modal Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures. 1st edition. New York, Springer-Verlag Publ., 2014, 322 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0767-0.
  13. Patrikeev A.V. Sistema dinamicheskogo monitoringa inzhenernogo sooruzheniya kak klyuchevoy element ego tekhnicheskoy bezopasnosti [Dynamic Monitoring of Engineering Structures as a Key Element of its Technical Security]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 133—140. (In Russian)
  14. Zavalishin S.I., Shablinskiy G.E., Zubkov D.A., Rumyantsev A.A. Dinamicheskiy monitoring zdaniy i sooruzheniy dlya kontrolya ikh seysmostoykosti [Dynamic Monitoring of Buildings and Structures to Control their Seismic Resistance]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Preventing Emergencies of Buildings and Structures]. September 2009. Available at: http://pamag.ru/src/pressa/126.pdf. (In Russian)
  15. Belostotskiy A.M., Kalichava D.K., Nagibovich A.I., Petryashev N.O., Petryashev S.O. Adaptiruemye konechnoelementnye modeli v osnove dinamicheskogo monitoringa nesushchikh konstruktsiy vysotnykh zdaniy. Chast’ 2. Verifikatsiya metodiki na stendovykh modelyakh [Adaptable Finite Element Models on the Basis of Dynamic Monitoring of Bearing Structures of High-rise Buildings]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2012, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 28—42. (In Russian)
  16. Savin S.N., Demishin S.V., Sitnikov I.V. Monitoring unikal’nykh ob”ektov s ispol’zovaniem dinamicheskikh parametrov po GOST R 53778-2010 [Monitoring of Unique Objects Using Dynamoc Parametres According to State Standard GOST R 53778-2010]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 33—39.(In Russian)
  17. Shakhraman’yan A.M. Analiz vozmozhnostey monitoring sostoyaniya vysotnykh zdaniy na osnove kontrolya sobstvennykh chastot kolebaniy [Analysis of monitoring Possibility of high-rise buildings’ state on the basis of natural frequencies control]. Russkiy inzhener [Russian Engineer]. 2013, no. 1 (36), pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  18. Korepanov V.V., Tsvetkov R.V. Sezonnye izmeneniya sobstvennykh chastot kolebaniy zdaniy na svaynom fundamente [Seasonal Changes of Natural Vibrations of Buildings on Pile Foundation]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Mekhanika [PNRPU Mechanics Bulletin]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 153—167. (In Russian)
  19. Minh-Nghi T., Lardies J., Marc B. Natural Frequencies and Modal Damping Ratios Identification of Civil Structures from Ambient Vibration Data. Shock and Vibration. 2006, no. 13, pp. 429—444. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2006/625927
  20. Cruciat R., Ghindea C. Experimental Determination of Dynamic Characteristics of Structures. Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering. 2012, no. 4, pp. 51—59.
  21. Dmitriev S.N., Khamidullin R.K. Korrektsiya matritsy dempfirovaniya s ispol’zovaniem eksperimental’nykh znacheniy koeffitsientov modal’nogo dempfirovaniya [Correction of Damping Matrix Using Experimental Values of Modal Damping Coefficients]. Inzhenernyy zhurnal: nauka i innovatsii [Engineering Journal: Science and Innovations]. 2013, no. 3 (15). Available at: http://engjournal.ru/articles/619/619.pdf. (In Russian)
  22. Shakhraman’yan A.M. Systemy monitoringa i prognoza tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Teoriya i praktika [Monitoring and forecast systems of technical state of buildings and constructions. Theory and practice]. Russkiy inzhener [Russian Engineer]. 2011, no. 1 (28), pp. 54—64. (In Russian)
  23. Kapustyan N.K., Klimov A.N., Antonovskaya G.N. Vysotnye zdaniya: opyt monitoringa i puti ego ispol’zovaniya pri proektirovanii [High-rise Buildings: Monitoring Experience and Ways of its Use in Design]. Vysotnoe stroitel’stvo [High-rise Construction]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 6—12. (In Russian)
  24. Kapustyan N.K., Tarakanovskiy V.K., Voznyuk A.B., Klimov A.N. Deystvuyushchaya sistema monitoringa vysotnogo zhilogo zdaniya v Moskve [Effective Monitoring System of a High-Rise Residential Building in Moscow]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Preventing Emergencies оf Buildings and Structures]. August 2010. Available at: http://pamag.ru/src/pressa/028.pdf. (In Russian)
  25. Klimov A.N. Prognoz razvitiya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya konstruktsiy vysotnogo zdaniya na osnovanii dannykh sistemy monitoringa [Development Forecast of Stress-Strain State of Structures of a High-Rise Building on the Basis of Monitoring Systems]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Constructuin]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 13—16. (In Russian)

Download

HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Characteristics of ice, needed for ice loadings determination

  • Polit’ko Valentin Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Kantarzhi Igor’ Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 106-117

In order to determine ice loads on the offshore oil and gas structures different ice information is required as an input data. At the present moment there is no unified generally recognized methodology for estimating ice loads and set the main ice parameters. In this relation there appears a question of the ice parameters which need to be investigated. The article attempts to analyze a variety of sources, including standards, on the subject of collection of ice information, required and sufficient for the calculation of ice loads. The article presents the basic steps in the planning of ice information collection, the list of main characteristics and parameters of ice, modern methods of observations and direct measurements of the ice, as well as the ways in which the field tests data of physical and mechanical properties of ice is processed. Particular attention is paid to the anisotropy of ice, integrated assessment of the strength of the ice field, as well as the variability of meteorological conditions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.106-117

References
  1. Atlas gidrometeorologicheskikh i ledovykh usloviy morey rossiyskoy Arktiki: obobshchenie fondovykh materialov i rezul’taty ekspeditsionnykh issledovaniy OOO «Arkticheskiy Nauchno-proektnyy tsentr shel’fovykh razrabotok» v 2012—2014 gg. [Atlas of Hydrometeorological and Ice Conditions of the Seas of Russian Arctic Region]. Moscow, Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Publ., 2015, 128 p. (In Russian)
  2. ISO 19906. Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries — Arctic Offshore Structures. International Organization of Standardization. 1st edition. 2010, 474 p.
  3. Palmer A., Croasdale K. Arctic Offshore Engineering. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 2013, 372 p.
  4. Polit’ko V.A., Kantarzhi I.G. Osobennosti ledovykh usloviy i ledovykh nagruzok na shel’fovye sooruzheniya v Severnom Kaspii [Features of Ice Conditions and Ice Loads on Shelf Constructions in North Caspian]. Obespechenie gidrometeorologicheskoy i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti : sbornik trudov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (16—17 oktyabrya 2015 g., g. Astrakhan’) [Providing Hydrometeorological and Ecological Safety : Collection of Works of the International Science and Practice Conference (16—17 October, 2015, Astrakhan)]. Astrakhan, Rosgidromet Publ., 2015, pp. 133—135. (In Russian).
  5. Kantarzhi I.G., Maderich V.S., Koshebutskiy V.I. Opredelenie kharakteristik l’da dlya morskogo gidrotekhnicheskogo stroitel’stva [Defining Ice Characteristics for Sea Hydrotechnical Construction]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2015, no. 6, pp. 45—54. (In Russian)
  6. Kantarzhi I., Maderich V., Koshebutskiy V., Koziy L. Chislennoe modelirovanie l’da dlya tseley gidrotekhnicheskogo stroitel’stva v usloviyakh ledovoy nagruzki [Numerical Modeling of Ice with the Aim of Hydrotechnical Construction in the Conditions of Ice Load]. Innovatsionnye materialy i tekhnologii dlya stroitel’stva v ekstremal’nykh klimaticheskikh usloviyakh : materialy I Vserossiyskoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (g. Arkhangel’sk, 2—4 dekabrya 2014 g.) [Innovative Materials and Technologies for Construction in Experimental Climatic Conditions : Materials of the 1st All-Russian Science and Technical Conference with International Participation (Arkhangelsk, December 2—4, 2014]. Arkhangelsk, SAFU Publ., 2014, pp. 18—27. (In Russian)
  7. SP 11-114—2004. Inzhenernye izyskaniya na kontinental’nom shel’fe dlya stroitel’stva morskikh neftegazopromyslovykh sooruzheniy [Specifications SP 11-114—2004. Engineering Researches on a Continental Shelf for Construction of Offshore Oil and Gas Hydrotechnical Facilities]. Moscow, FGUP «PNIIS» Publ., 2004, 109 p. (In Russian)
  8. Smirnov V.N., Shushlebin A.I., Kovalev S.M., Sheykin I.B. Metodicheskoe posobie po izucheniyu fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik ledyanykh obrazovaniy kak iskhodnykh dannykh dlya rascheta ledovykh nagruzok na berega, dno i morskie sooruzheniya [Guidance Manual for Studying Physical and Mathematical Features of Ice Bodies as Initial Data for Calculating Ice Loads on Shores, Bottom and Offshore Structures]. Saint Petersburg, AANII Publ., 2011, 179 p. (In Russian)
  9. Danilov A.I., Zubakin G.K. Ledovye issledovaniya i izyskaniya v rayone Shtokmanovskogo GKM (nekotorye itogi i perspektivy) [Ice Investigations and Researches in the Area of Shtokmanovsky Gas Condensate Field (Some Results and Prospects)]. Trudy AANII. Kompleksnye issledovaniya i izyskaniya ledovykh i gidrometeorologicheskikh yavleniy i protsessov v Barentsevom more : sbornik statey [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Complex Investigations and Researches of Ice and Hydrometeorological Phenomena and Processes in Barents Sea]. Saint Petersburg, AANII Publ., 2009, vol. 450, pp. 5—6. (In Russian)
  10. Zubakin G.K., Gudoshnikov Yu.P., Dmitriev N.E., Naumov A.K., Stepanov I.V. Tekhnologiya sbora i analiza dannykh o ledyanom pokrove shel’fovykh rayonov Arkticheskikh morey [Technology of Gathering and Analyzing the Data on Ice Sheet of Shelf Regions of Arktic Seas]. Trudy AANII. Kompleksnye issledovaniya i izyskaniya ledovykh i gidrometeorologicheskikh yavleniy i protsessov na Arkticheskom shel’fe : sbornik statey [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Complex Investigations and Researches of Ice and Hydrometeorological Phenomena and Processes on Arctic Shelf : Collection of Articles]. Saint Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., vol. 449, 2004, pp. 196—210.(In Russian)
  11. Panfilov A.A. O vikhrevykh dvizheniyakh splochennykh l’dov v osenne-zimniy period [On Rotational Motion of Close Ice in Autumn and Winter Period]. Trudy AANII. Issledovaniya ledyanogo pokrova Severnogo Ledovitogo okeana : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Investigation of the Ice Sheet of the Arctic Ocean : Collection of Scientific Works]. Saint Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1995, vol. 435, pp. 62—67. (In Russian)
  12. Naumov A.K. Raspredelenie aysbergov v rayone Shtokmanovskogo gazokondensatnogo mestorozhdeniya i otsenki stolknoveniya aysbergov s platformoy [Distribution of Icebergs in the Area of of Shtokmanovsky Gas Condensate Field and Estimation of Icebergs’ Collision with the Platform]. Trudy AANII. Kompleksnye issledovaniya i izyskaniya ledovykh i gidrometeorologicheskikh yavleniy i protsessov na Arkticheskom shel’fe : sbornik statey [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Complex Investigations and Researches of Ice and Hydrometeorological Phenomena and Processes on Arctic Shelf : Collection of Articles]. Saint Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 2004, vol. 449, pp. 140—152. (In Russian)
  13. Rogachko S.I., Shun’ko N.V. Zashchita podvodnykh kommunikatsiy ot silovogo vozdeystviya kilevoy chasti torosa [Protection of Underwater Utility Lines from the Force Impact of the Sole Piece of Ice Block]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 54—57. (In Russian)
  14. Simakov G.V., Shkhinek K.N., Semenov V.A., Marchenko D.V., Khrapatyy N.G. Morskie gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya na kontinental’nom shel’fe [Offshore Hydrotechnical Structures on Continental Shelf]. Saint Petersburg, Sudostroenie Publ., 1989, 358 p. (In Russian).
  15. Fransson L. Ice Handbook for Engineers. Lulea University of Technology, 2009.
  16. API RP 2N. Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing, and Constructing Structures and Pipelines for Arctic Conditions. 2nd edition. American Petroleum Institute (API). 1995, 98 p.
  17. Alekseev Yu.N., Afanas’ev V.P., Litonov O.E., Maisurov M.N., Panov V.V., Truskov P.A. Ledotekhnicheskie aspekty osvoeniya morskikh mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza [Ice Technical Aspects of Developing Sea Deposits of Oil and Gas]. Saint Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 2001, 360 p. (In Russian).
  18. SP 38.13330.2012. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya (volnovye, ledovye i ot sudov) : Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 2.06.04—82* [Requirements SP 38.13330.2012. Loads and Impacts on Hydrotechnical Constructions (Wave, Ice and of Ships) : Revised Edition of SNiP 2.06.04—82*]. Moscow, Minregion Rossii Publ., 2012, 112 p. (In Russian)
  19. Taylor R., Frederking R. The Nature of High Pressure Zones in Compressive Ice Failure. Proc. 19th IAHR international Symposium on Ice. 2008.
  20. Timco G. Why Does the Ice Fail the Way It Does? Proc. 19th IAHR International Symposium on Ice. 2008.
  21. Ivanov V.V., Lebedev A.A. Vedushchie zakonomernosti izmenchivosti sinopticheskikh i ledovykh usloviy v severo-vostochnoy chasti Barentseva morya v nachale XXI stoletiya [Leading Regularities of the Variability of Synaptic and Ice Conditions in North-East Part of Barents Sea in the Beginning of the 21st Century]. Trudy AANII. Kompleksnye issledovaniya i izyskaniya ledovykh i gidrometeorologicheskikh yavleniy i protsessov v Barentsevom more : sbornik statey [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Complex Investigations and Researches of Ice and Hydrometeorological Phenomena and Processes in Barents Sea]. Saint Petersburg, AANII Publ., 2009, vol. 450, pp. 7—15. (In Russian)
  22. Dmitriev A.A., Belyazo V.A. Mnogoletnyaya izmenchivost’ atmosfernykh protsessov Tikhogo okeana i prilegayushchikh k nemu regionov Arktiki i Antarktiki i faktory ee opredelyayushchie [Longstanding Changes of Atmospheric Processes of the Pacific Ocean and Surrounding Areas of Arctic and Antarctic Regions and Factors Influencing it]. Trudy AANII. Kompleksnye issledovaniya i izyskaniya ledovykh i gidrometeorologicheskikh yavleniy i protsessov v Barentsevom more : sbornik statey [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Complex Investigations and Researches of Ice and Hydrometeorological Phenomena and Processes in Barents Sea]. Saint Petersburg, AANII Publ., 2009, vol. 450, pp. 222—240. (In Russian)
  23. Dmitriev N.E., Zubakin G.K., Bokov V.N., Voynov G.N. Vnutrisutochnaya izmenchivost’ vetra, dreyfa l’da i techeniy v Pechorskom more [Diurnal Changes of the Wind, Ice and Stream Drift in Pechora Sea]. Trudy AANII. Kompleksnye issledovaniya i izyskaniya ledovykh i gidrometeorologicheskikh yavleniy i protsessov na Arkticheskom shel’fe : sbornik statey [Works of the State Research Center “Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute”. Complex Investigations and Researches of Ice and Hydrometeorological Phenomena and Processes on Arctic Shelf : Collection of Articles]. Saint Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 2004, vol. 449, pp. 24—42. (In Russian)
  24. Frolov I.E., editor. Obzor gidrometeorologicheskikh protsessov v Severnom Ledovitom okeane [Review of Hydrometeorological Processes in the Arctic Ocean]. 2013. Saint Petersburg, AANII Publ., 2013, 118 p. (In Russian)

Download

Operational control model of water-lifting wells

  • Shcherbakov Vladimir Ivanovich - Voronezh State Technical University (VSTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Department of Hydraulics, Voronezh State Technical University (VSTU), 14 Moscow Avenue, Voronezh, Russian Federation, 394026.
  • Purusova Irina Yur’evna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Hydraulics, Water Supply and Water Disposal, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation.
  • Pomogaeva Valentina Vasil’evna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulics, Water Supply and Water Disposal, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation.

Pages 118-127

In work the modeling of operational management of water lifting wells, which allow optimizing the operating modes of pump equipment is considered. The model of the indignant condition of the system with water supply mode from wells and hydraulic control of the operated throttles is assumed as a basis. As functional restrictions the balance of water streams through the system in general is used. The solution algorithm of the problem of a load flow in the field of management of water wells consisting of definition of preliminary control of the operated throttles is presented. According to the results of numerical modeling of water wells, throttle characteristics are constructed for the operated throttles established on the flow lines. The synthesis of throttle characteristics of the flow lines, allows exercising operational management of the water supply modes in the tank of clean water according to the set forecasts, shows a trajectory of transition of the system to a new state that is alternative of direct modeling.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.118-127

References
  1. Alekseev V.V., Serdyuk N.I. Ratsional'nyy vybor sredstv dlya pod''ema vody (rastvora) po gidrogeologicheskim skvazhinam [Rational Choice of Measures for Water (Solution) Lifting from Hydrogeological Wells]. Moscow, MGGRU Publ., 2005, 213 p. (In Russian)
  2. Merenkov A.P., Khasilev V.Ya. Teoriya gidravlicheskikh tsepey [Theory of Hydraulic Circuits]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1985, 278 p. (In Russian)
  3. Serdyuk N.I. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologiy sooruzheniya i ekspluatatsii skvazhin na zhidkie poleznye iskopaemye [Improving the Technology of Construction and Operation of Wells in the Liquid Minerals]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Geologiya i razvedka [Proceedings of the Higher Educational Institutions. Geology and Exploration]. 2005, no. 1, pp. 56—60. (In Russian)
  4. Serdyuk N.I. Optimizatsiya protsessa ekspluatatsii vodozabornykh skvazhin [Optimization of Operating Process of Water Wells]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory [Ecological Systems and Devices]. 2005, no. 3, pp. 8—11. (In Russian)
  5. Nikolaev V.G. Issledovanie energoeffektivnosti raboty oborudovaniya nasosnykh stantsiy [The Study of Energy Efficiency of Pumping Stations Equipment]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2009, no. 9, pp. 39—45. (In Russian)
  6. Karelin V.Ya., Minaev A.V. Nasosy i nasosnye stantsii [Pumps and Pump Stations]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 320 p. (In Russian)
  7. Panov M.Ya., Stogney V.G., Petrov Yu.F. Razvitie teorii upravleniya funktsionirovaniem gidravlicheskikh sistem v prilozhenii k vodopod”emnym stantsiyam [Development of The Theory of Operation of Hydraulic Systems in Application to Pumping Stations]. Voronezh, VGTU Publ., 2009, 57 p. (In Russian)
  8. Orchard Bryan. Pump Monitoring and Communications. World Pumps. 2007, no. 495, pp. 20—23.
  9. Anderson H.H. Submersible Pumps and their Applications. Morden Surrey, Trade and Technical Pr, 1986, 326 p.
  10. Purusova I.Yu., Shcherbakov V.I. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie operativnogo upravleniya vodopod”emnymi stantsiyami [Mathematical Modeling of Operational Management of Pumping Stations]. Aktual’nye napravleniya nauchnykh issledovaniy XXI veka : teoriya i praktika [Current Research Directions of the 21st Century : Theory and Practice]. 2014, vol. 2, no. 4-2, pp. 310—313. (In Russian)
  11. Tugay A.M. Raschet i konstruirovanie vodozabornykh uzlov [Design and Analysis of Intake Nodes]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1978, 160 p. (Inzheneru-proektirovshchiku [To a design engineer])
  12. Panov M.Ya., Shcherbakov V.I., Kvasov I.S. Modelirovanie vozmushchennogo sostoyaniya gidravlicheskikh sistem slozhnoy konfiguratsii na osnove printsipov energeticheskogo ekvivalentirovaniya [Modeling Perturbed State of Hydraulic Systems of Complex Configuration Based on the Principles of Energy Equivalenting]. Izvestiya Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. Energetika [News of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Energy]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 130—137. (In Russian)
  13. Panov M.Ya., Purusova I.Yu., Shcherbakov V.I. Razrabotka matematicheskoy modeli upravleniya funktsionirovaniem vodopod”emnoy stantsii [Development of Mathematical Model of Management of Pumping Stations Functioning]. Nauchnyy zhurnal. Inzhenernye sistemy i sooruzheniya [Scientific Journal. Engineering Systems and Facilities]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 176—182. (In Russian)
  14. Shcherbakov V.I., Panov M.Ya., Petrov Yu.F. Modelirovanie vozmushchennogo sostoyaniya sistem podachi i raspredeleniya vody [Perturbed State Simulation of Water Supply Systems]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 281—287. (In Russian)
  15. Panov M.Ya., Purusova I.Yu., Shcherbakov V.I. Modelirovanie potokoraspredeleniya i upravlenie vodopod”emnymi stantsiyami [Modeling of Flow Distribution and Management pf Pumping Stations]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Herald of the Voronezh State Technical University]. 2007, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 182—185. (In Russian)
  16. Panov M.Ya., Petrov Yu.F., Shcherbakov V.I. Teoriya i metody upravleniya funktsionirovaniem sistem vodosnabzheniya [Theory and Methods of Management of Water Supply Systems Functioning]. Nauchnyy zhurnal. Inzhenernye sistemy i sooruzheniya [Scientific Journal. Engineering Systems and Facilities]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 71—86. (In Russian)
  17. Purusova I.Yu., Pomogaeva V.V. Ratsional’noe ispol’zovanie energoresursov na vodopod”emnykh stantsiyakh [Rational Use of Energy Resources on Water-Lifting Stations]. Elektrotekhnicheskie kompleksy i sistemy upravleniya [Electrical Systems and Management Systems]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 62—63. (In Russian)
  18. Leznov B.S. Energosberezhenie i reguliruemyy elektroprivod v nasosnykh i vozdukhoduvnykh ustanovkakh [Energy Saving and Regulated Electric Driver in Pump and Blower Installations]. Moscow, Energopromizdat Publ., 2006, 360 p. (In Russian)
  19. Serdyuk N.I. Optimizatsiya protsessa ekspluatatsii vodozabornykh skvazhin [Optimization of Water Wells Operation]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory [Ecological Systems and Devices]. 2005, no. 3, pp. 8—11. (In Russian)
  20. Iskenderov A.A. Zadachi vybora optimal’nykh rezhimov raboty NS [Problems of Choosing the Optimum Modes of Pump Stations]. Pribory i sistemy. Upravlenie, kontrol’, diagnostika [Instruments and Systems. Management, Monitoring, Diagnostics]. 2004, no. 5, pp. 62—64. (In Russian)
  21. Simovert Master Drives. Voltage Source Converters for 3-Phase Drive Systems 6SE71 Cabinet Units 37 kW to 1500 kW. Catalog DA 65.2 Germany, 1997, 92 p.
  22. Nool P. Determining the Real Cost of Powering a Pump. World Pumps. 2008, no. 496, pp. 32—34.
  23. Vogelesang Hans. An Introduction to Energy Consumption in Pumps. World Pumps. 2008, no. 496, pp. 28—31.
  24. Wharton S.T., Martin P., Watson T.J. Pumping Stations: Design for Improved Buildability and Maintenance. London, Construction Industry Research and Information Association, CIRIA Report, 1998, no. 182, 99 p.
  25. Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems. Executive Summary. Hydraulic Institute, Europump, U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT), 2000, 16 p.

Download

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

Performance criteria of the layout of the filling area of a petrol station

  • Levin Ruslan Yur’evich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (UVGPU) postgraduate student, engineer, Department of Automobiles and Automobile Economy, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (UVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.

Pages 128-135

The increasing traffic on the roads requires relevant technological planning, construction, reconstruction and re-equipment of the expanding network of filling stations. The basis for developing of these guidelines lies in the evolution of urban planning concepts and methods to determine the effective parameters of gas stations. This article describes various layout solutions of the fueling area of a station taking into account the main technical characteristics and regulatory requirements for the design, construction and operation of the station. Typical projects of one power station may be of various sizes, taking away residential areas under the land station changes depending on the layout and features host of technological equipment. Excessive area occupied by the service area leads to additional costs for construction, taxes, etc. For an overall evaluation of the effectiveness of the station operation, the paper proposed an integrated criterion of efficiency of layout solutions, considering both technical and economic indicators of the object functioning. In order to justify the effective layout fueling positions at the station the authors used a comparative analysis of the fueling areas and gas throughput for different number of zones and the method of placing fuel dispensers. According to the results of calculations the linear relationship was obtained between the number of columns and the size of the filling area of the station. As a critical metric in evaluating the effectiveness of various variants of layout solutions of a petrol station an assessment of its bandwidth we made. According to the results of calculations a single-row method of speaker placement on the station is more efficient than double-row or three-row ones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.128-135

References
  1. Khodyukov F.B. Upravlenie razvitiem roznichnykh setey avtomobil’nykh zapravochnykh stantsiy kak napravlenie sovremennoy strategii rossiyskikh vertikal’no-integrirovannykh neftyanykh kompaniy [Managing the Development of Retailers of Automotive Fuel Stations as the Direction of the Modern Strategies of Russian Vertically Integrated Oil Companies]. Modernizatsiya podgotovki upravlencheskikh kadrov Rossii v kontekste mirovoy sistemy obrazovaniya : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Modernization of Management Training in the Context of the Global Russian Education System]. Krasnoyarsk, Sibirskiy federal’nyy universitet Publ., 2012. Available at: http://elib.krasu.ru/handle/2311/13105. (In Russian)
  2. Rezchikov A.F., Tverdokhlebov V.A. Prichinno-sledstvennye kompleksy vzaimodeystviy v proizvodstvennykh protsessakh [Causal Complexes of Interactions in Production Processes]. Problemy upravleniya [Management Problems]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 51—59. (In Russian)
  3. Boytsov M.S., Boyko S.V., Karavaykov V.M. Informatsionnaya podderzhka prinyatiya resheniya pri upravlenii energoeffektivnost’yu predpriyatiya [Information Support of Decision-Making in the Management of Enterprise Energy Efficiency]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.A. Nekrasova [Herald of the Kostroma State University named after N.A. Nekrasov]. 2011, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 227—230. (In Russian)
  4. Bezrodnyy A.A. Metodologiya sovershenstvovaniya sistem nefteproduktoobespecheniya [Methodology of Improving Oil Product Supply Systems]. Mekhatronika, avtomatizatsiya, upravlenie (MAU—2010) : materialy 7-y nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Mechatronics, Automation, Control (MAU—2010) : Materials of the 7th Scientific and Technological Conference]. Saint Petersburg, OAO «Kontsern «TsNII «Elektropribor» Publ., 2010, pp. 70—73. (In Russian)
  5. Myakinin A.S., Kositsina E.S., Ganzha O.A. Avtozapravochnye stantsii, raspolozhennye na gorodskikh territoriyakh, kak ob”ekt ekologicheskoy opasnosti [Petrol Stations Located in Urban Areas as an Object of Environmental Hazard]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2010, no. 18, pp. 149—152. (In Russian)
  6. Vlasov A.D. Otsenka rynochnoy stoimosti zemel’nykh uchastkov AZS i pridorozhnogo servisa [Assessment of the Market Value of the Land Plots for Fuel Stations and Roadside Service]. Interekspo Geo-Sibir’ [Interexpo Geo-Siberia]. 2015, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 75—80. (In Russian)
  7. Buyanov A.Yu. O vliyanii ploshchadi zemel’nogo uchastka na ego udel’nuyu rynochnuyu stoimost’ [On the Influence of Land Area on Its Specific Market Value]. Vestnik Federal’nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel’nogo uchrezhdeniya vysshego professional’nogo obrazovaniya Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy agroinzhenernyy universitet im. V.P. Goryachkina [Bulletin of Federal State Professional Education Institution “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P. Goryachkin]. 2010, no. 5. (44), pp. 73—75. (In Russian)
  8. Leonov S.A. Matematicheskaya otsenka faktorov, okazyvayushchikh vliyanie na proizvodstvenno-sbytovuyu deyatel’nost’ shveynykh predpriyatiy [Mathematical Evaluation of the Factors Affecting the Production and Sales Activities of Clothing Companies]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Tekhnologiya tekstil’noy promyshlennosti [News of the Institutions of Higher Education. Technology of Textile Industry]. 2013, no. 5 (347), pp. 5—10. (In Russian)
  9. Levin R.Yu., Maslennikov V.A., Markelov A.V., Smetanin A.V. O kriterii kachestva planirovochnykh resheniy ob”ektov tekhnicheskogo servisa avtomobiley [On the Quality Criteria of Planning Decisions for the Objects of Car Technical Service]. MinorUrsa : sbornik nauchnykh rabot [MinorUrsa : Collection of Scientific Papers]. Moscow, Rusprint Publ., 2014, pp. 16—20. (In Russian)
  10. Levin R.Yu., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A. Effektivnost’ planirovochnykh resheniy avtozapravochnoy stantsii [Effectiveness of Planning Solutions for Petrol Stations]. Informatsionnaya sreda vuza : materialy XXI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Information Environment of the University : Materials of the 21st International Science and Technology Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 335—336. (In Russian)
  11. Usufov M.M.O. Perspektivy razvitiya avtoservisa [Development Prospects of Car Service]. Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa [Technical and Technological Problems of Service]. 2012, vol. 1, no. 19, pp. 72—77. (In Russian)
  12. Vlasenko V.V. Prognozirovanie trudozatrat na tekhnicheskoe obsluzhivanie i remont avtotransportnykh sredstv [Forecasting Labor Costs for Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles]. Avtomobil’nyy transport [Automobile Transport]. 2012, no. 30, pp. 45—49. (In Russian)
  13. Mel’nik V.Yu., Kizim A.V., Kamaev V.A. Podderzhka prinyatiya resheniya pri formirovanii ocheredey rabot s pomoshch’yu sredstv avtomatizatsii planirovaniya tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya i remonta oborudovaniya [Decision Support During the Formation Stages of Work with the Help of Automation of Planning the Maintenance and Repair of the Equipment]. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [News of Volgograd State Technical University]. 2011, no. 12, vol. 11, pp. 107—110. (In Russian)
  14. Solov’ev A.E. Metod podderzhki prinyatiya resheniy pri sozdanii seti AZS [Method of Decision Support in the Creation of a Network of Filling Stations]. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’ [Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin]. 2002, vol. 6. Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/metod-podderzhki-prinyatiya-resheniy-pri-sozdanii-seti-azs. (In Russian)
  15. Yaskevich A.E. Analiz faktorov vliyaniya na stoimost’ avtomobil’noy zapravochnoy stantsii [Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Cost of Petrol Station]. Imushchestvennye otnosheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Property Relations in the Russian Federation]. 2010, no. 2 , pp. 55—71. (In Russian)
  16. Levin R.Yu., Maslennikov V.A. Obosnovanie optimal’nogo sposoba razmeshcheniya toplivorazdatochnykh kolonok na avtozapravochnykh stantsiyakh [Substantiation of the Optimum Way of Placing Fuel Dispensers at Gas Stations]. Molodye uchenye — razvitiyu tekstil’no-promyshlennogo klastera (Poisk — 2014) : materialy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii s Mezhdunarodnym Uchastiem [Young scientists for the development of textile industrial cluster (Search — 2014) : Materials of the Interuniversity Science and Technical Conference with International Participation]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 211—214. (In Russian)
  17. Zhdakaev I. Ulovki dlya zapravki [Tricks for a Petrol Station]. Kommersant” Den’gi [Kommersant Daily. Money]. 02.04.2012. No. 13 (870). Available at: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1905798?stamp=6347218. Date of access: 12.04.2013. (In Russian)
  18. Kochetkov A.V., Ermolaeva V.V., Ermolaev B.V., Myrzakhmetov B.A. Novye instrumental’nye sredstva izyskaniya i proektirovaniya ob”ektov transportnogo stroitel’stva [New Research Tools and Design of Transportation Objects Construction]. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Saratov State Technical University]. 2010, no. 1 (44), pp. 189—194. (In Russian)
  19. Mayakov A. Zapravlyaysya udobno! [Refuel Conveniently!]. Sovremennaya AZS : elektronnyy zhurnal [Modern Patrol Station. Electronic Journal]. 2012, no. 10 (127). Available at: http://www.sovazs.com/showarticle.phtml?id=1880. Date of access: 10.10.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Zhumasheva B.K. Sovershenstvovanie rezhimov tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya avtomobiley [Improvement of Technical Service of Cars]. Sovremennye problemy transportnogo kompleksa Rossii [Modern Problems of the Transport Complex of Russia]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 167—173. (In Russian)
  21. Inshakov S.A., Inshakov N.A. Otsenka ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti deyatel’nosti AZS [Assessment of Ecological Safety of Gas Stations Activity]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Tambov University Reports. Series: Natural and Technical Sciences]. 2014, no. 5, vol. 19, pp. 1420—1421. (In Russian)
  22. Koroleva E.B., Zhigiley O.N., Kryazhev A.M., Sergienko O.I., Sokornova T.V. Nailuchshie dostupnye tekhnologii: opyt i perspektivy [The Best Available Techniques: Experience and Prospects]. Saint Petersburg, 2011, 123 p. (In Russian)
  23. Usanovich S.A., Lumiste E.G. Teoreticheskiy analiz vozdeystviya opasnykh faktorov pozhara na personal i tekhnologicheskoe oborudovanie avtozapravochnykh stantsiy [Theoretical Analysis of the Impact of Dangerous Factors of Fire on Personnel and Technological Equipment of Petrol Stations]. Vestnik Federal’nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel’nogo uchrezhdeniya vysshego professional’nogo obrazovaniya Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy agroinzhenernyy universitet im. V.P. Goryachkina [Bulletin of Federal State Professional Education Institution Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V. P. Goryachkin]. 2011, no. 2 (47), pp. 64—68. (In Russian)

Download

ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Model of evaluating the projected payback period in energy preservation

  • Gorshkov Aleksandr Sergeevich - St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, director, Educational and Scientific Center “Monitoring and Rehabilitation of Natural Systems, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politekhnicheskaya str., 195251, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Pages 136-146

Providing energy efficiency of newly designed buildings is an important state task which is considered in EPBD directive and the latest regulations on energy saving. Though reducing energy consumption of the existing building is not less important. The majority of the existing buildings had been built before the implementation of modern energy saving programs. That’s why the volume of energy consumption in the existing buildings is greater than in new buildings. In frames of the given investigation the author considers the problem of forecasting the payback period of investment into reduction of energy consumption in a building. The formula is offered for calculating the projected payback period in energy saving with account for capital costs, calculated or actual value of the achieved energy saving effect, rise in tariffs for energy sources, discounting of the future cash flows and the volume and time for return of credit funds. Basing on the offered calculation methods it is possible to compare the efficiency of different energy saving solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.136-146

References
  1. Pukhkal V., Murgul V., Garifullin M. Reconstruction of Buildings with a Superstructure Mansard: Option to Reduce Energy Intensity of Buildings. Procedia Engineering. 2015, vol. 117, pp. 629—632. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.223.
  2. Pukhkal V., Vatin N., Murgul V. Central Ventilation System with Heat Recovery as One of Measures to Upgrade Energy Efficiency of Historic Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 633—634, pp. 1077—1081. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.633-634.1077.
  3. Vatin N., Nemova D., Ibraeva Y., Tarasevskii P. Development of Energy-Saving Measures for the Multi-Story Apartment Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, vol. 725—726, pp. 1408—1416. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.725-726.1408.
  4. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. The Use of Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Heat Recovery in the Historical Buildings of St. Petersburg. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 635—637, pp. 370—376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.635-637.370.
  5. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Exhaust Air Heat Recovery in the Case of Residential Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 680, pp. 524—528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.680.524.
  6. Aronova E., Radovic G., Murgul V., Vatin N. Solar Power Opportunities in Northern Cities (Case Study of Saint-Petersburg). Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 587—589, pp. 348—354. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.587-589.348.
  7. Kovalev I.N. Ob okupaemosti i rentabel’nosti dolgosrochnykh investitsiy [On Payback and Profitability of Permanent Investments]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  8. Kovalev I.N. Ratsional’nye resheniya pri ekonomicheskom obosnovanii teplozashchity zdaniy [Rational Solutions in Economic Justification of Thermal Protection of Buildings]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 14—19. (In Russian)
  9. Zhukov A.D., Bessonov I.V., Sapelin A.N., Bobrova E.Yu. Teplozashchitnye kachestva sten [Thermal Insulation Properties of Walls]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 70—77. (In Russian)
  10. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Energeticheskaya effektivnost’ i metodologiya sozdaniya teploizolyatsionnykh materialov [Energy Efficiency and Methods of Creating Heat-Insulating Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya : Politematicheskaya [Internet Journal of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Multi-Topic Series]. 2014, no. 4 (35), article. 3. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/3RumyantsevZhukovSmirnova.pdf. (In Russian)
  11. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Teploizolyatsiya i sovremennye stroitel’nye sistemy [Heat Insulation and Modern Construction Systems]. Krovel’nye i izolyatsionnye materialy [Roofing and Insulation Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  12. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Teploprovodnost’ vysokoporistykh materialov [Thermal Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114. (In Russian)
  13. Zhukov A.D. Sistemy ventiliruemykh fasadov [Systems of Ventilated Facades]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2012, no. 1, article 3. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru/index.php/sno/pages/view/01-2012. (In Russian)
  14. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Zhukova E.A. Sistemy fasadnoy otdelki s utepleniem [System of Faсade Finishing with Heat Insulation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 279—283. (In Russian)
  15. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Ob otsenke energeticheskoy effektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [On Evaluating Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Inzhenernye sistemy. AVOK Severo-Zapad [Engineering Systems. AVOK North-West]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
  16. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Kolichestvennaya otsenka energoeffektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Quantitative Assessment of Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  17. Gorshkov A.S. Inzhenernye sistemy. Rukovodstvo po proektirovaniyu, stroitel’stvu i rekonstruktsii zdaniy s nizkim potrebleniem energii [Engineering Systems. Manual on Design, Construction and Reconstruction of Buildings with Low Energy Consumption]. Saint Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo Politekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2013, 162 p. (In Russian)
  18. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po sostavleniyu tekhniko-ekonomicheskikh obosnovaniy dlya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy (dopolnenie) [Guidelines on Technical and Economic Justification for Energy Saving Measures (Addendum). Minsk, 2008, 31 p. (In Russian)
  19. Vasil’ev G.P., editor. Prakticheskoe posobie po povysheniyu energeticheskoy effektivnosti mnogokvartirnykh domov (MKD) pri kapital’nom remonte : v 9 tomakh [Practical Guide on Increasing Energy Efficiency of Multiflat Buildings during Major Repairs : in 9 Volumes]. Moscow, OAO «INSOLAR-INVEST» Publ., 2015, vol. 1, 89 p. (In Russian)
  20. Kurochkina K.Yu., Gorshkov A.S. Vliyanie avtoregulirovaniya na parametry energopotrebleniya zhilykh zdaniy [Influence of Autoregulation on the Parametres of Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 220—231. (In Russian)
  21. Gubina I.A., Gorshkov A.S. Energosberezhenie v zdaniyakh pri utilizatsii tepla vytyazhnogo vozdukha [Energy Saving in Buildings in Case of Heat Recovery of the Transfer Air]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 209—219. (In Russian)
  22. Nemova D.V., Gorshkov A.S., Vatin N.I., Kashabin A.V., Tseytin D.N., Rymkevich P.P. Tekhniko-ekonomicheskoe obosnovanie po utepleniyu naruzhnykh sten mnogokvartirnogo zhilogo zdaniya s ustroystvom ventiliruemogo fasada [Technical and Economic Justification of Heat Insulation of External Walls of a Residential Apartment Building with Ventilated Faсade System]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 11 (26), pp. 70—84. (In Russian)
  23. Gorshkov A.S., Rymkevich P.P., Nemova D.V., Vatin N.I. Metodika rascheta okupaemosti investitsiy po renovatsii fasadov sushchestvuyushchikh zdaniy [Methods of Calculating Payback of Facades Renovation of the Excising Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 2 (17), pp. 82—106. (In Russian)
  24. Gabriel’ I., Ladner Kh. Rekonstruktsiya zdaniy po standartam energoeffektivnogo doma [Reconstruction of Buildings According to Standards of Energy Efficient House]. Translated from German. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2011, 480 p. (Construction and Architecture) (In Russian)

Download

INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Design of information-measuring and control systems for intelligent buildings. Trends of development

  • Petrova Irina Yur’evna - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (ASUACE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, First Vice-Rector, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (ASUACE), 18 Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation.
  • Zaripova Viktoriya Madiyarovna - Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AICE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Aided Design, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AICE), 18 Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation.
  • Lezhnina Yuliya Arkad’evna - Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AICE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Aided Design, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering (AICE), 18 Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation.

Pages 147-159

The article considers the modern requirements for integrated management systems of a smart home. The authors propose a hierarchical classification of the levels of house automation, which allows allocating different levels of information transfer. The article considers the trends of development of information-measuring and control systems of intelligent buildings. The generalized scheme of information-measuring and control subsystems of an intelligent building are given. The energy-information model of the knowledge base of physical and technical effects described in the article allows developing a system of automated support of the conceptual stage of elements design in information measuring and control systems. With the help of this knowledge base the system allows dozens of times expanding the scope of knowledge actively used by specialists and two or three times reducing the time of creating new solutions by selecting the most efficient of the options and the underlying calculation of the essential characteristics of their conceptual models, which significantly reduces the number of created prototypes and field tests.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.147-159

References
  1. Nakashima H., Aghajan H., Augusto J.C. Handbook of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments. New York, Springer, 2010, 1294 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-93808-0.
  2. Badica C., Brezovan M., Badica A. An Overview of Smart Home Environments: Architectures, Technologies and Applications. Local Proceedings of the Sixth Balkan Conference in Informatics Thessaloniki, Greece, September 19—21, 2013. Pp. 78—86.
  3. «Umnye» sredy, «umnye» sistemy, «umnye» proizvodstva : seriya dokladov (zelenykh knig) v ramkakh proekta «Promyshlennyy i tekhnologicheskiy forsayt Rossiyskoy Federatsii» [Smart Entironments, Smart Systems, Smart Productions : a Series of Reports (Green Books) in Frames of the Project “Industrial and Technological Foresight of the Russian Federation]. Saint Petersburg, 2012, no. 4, 62 p. (Seriya dokladov v ramkakh proekta «Promyshlennyy i tekhnologicheskiy forsayt Rossiyskoy Federatsii» [Series of reports in frames of the project “Industrial and Technological Foresight of the Russian Federation”]) (In Russian)
  4. Aldrich Frances K. Smart Homes: Past Present, and Future. Inside the Smart Home (ed. Richard Harper). N.P. London, Springer, 2003.
  5. Smart Homes Market by Product, Protocol and Technology, Service and Geography — Trend and Forecast to 2020. Available st: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/smart-homes-and-assisted-living-advanced-technologie-and-global-market-121.html. Date of access: 14.06.2015.
  6. Sinyaeva Yu. Oplata ZhKKh s”edaet pochti 11 % byudzheta rossiyan [Housing and Utility Payment Takes nearly 11 % of the Budget of Russians]. Ezhednevnaya delovaya gazeta RBK [Daily Business Newspaper RBK]. 18.09.2012. Available at: http://www.rbcdaily.ru/politics/562949984735652. Date of access: 28.07.2015. (In Russian)
  7. Carrie MacGillivray, Vernon Turner. Worldwide Internet of Things Forecast, 2015—2020. May 2015. Available at: http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=256397. Date of access: 28.07.2015.
  8. Gassmann O., Meixner H. Sensors in Intelligent Buildings. New York, Wiley, 2002, vol. 2. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/3527600302.
  9. Petrova Irina, Zaripova Viktoriya, Lezhnina Yuliya. Sensors for Information-Measuring and Control Systems for Hi-Tech Building. Proceedings in Advanced Research in Scientific Areas 2014, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 336—342. Available at: http://www.arsa-conf.com/archive/?vid=1&aid=1&kid=60301. Date of access: 14.06.2015.
  10. Vasil’ev V.A., Chernov P.S. Intellektual’nye datchiki, ikh seti i informatsionnye sistemy [Intelligent Sensors, Their Networks and Information Systems]. INTERMATIC — 2012 : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii (3—7 dekabrya 2012 g.) [INTERMATIC — 2012 : Materials of the International Science and Technical Conference (December, 3—7, 2012)]. 2012, part 4, pp. 119—122. (In Russian)
  11. Intellektual’nye preobrazovateli temperatury serii Metran-280 [Intelligent Converters of Temperature of Metran-280 Series]. Available at: http://www.metran.ru/products/siz/dat/m280/. Date of access: 14.06.2015.
  12. Skorfild S. Mul’tisensor — effektivnoe reshenie problemy lozhnykh srabatyvaniy sistem pozharnoy signalizatsii [Multisensor — an Effective Solution of the False Alarms Problem in Fire Alarm Systems]. Sistemy bezopasnosti [Safety Systems]. 2006, no. 5 (71), pp. 128—133. (In Russian)
  13. Kombinirovannye datchiki pozharnoy bezopasnosti IQ8Quad kompanii Esser by Honeywell [Combined Smoke Detectors IQ8Quad of the Company Esser by Honeywell]. Armo-sistemy [ARMO-Systems]. Available at: http://www.armosystems.ru/system/fire-safety-sensors.ahtm. Date of access: 23.06.2015. (In Russian)
  14. High Sensitivity Enables Detection of Stationary Human Presence. Available at: http://www.omron.com/ecb/products/pdf/en-d6t.pdf. Date of access: 23.06.2015.
  15. Sysoeva S. Magnitoupravlyaemye, MEMS i mul’tisensornye datchiki dvizheniya 2009 goda — funktsional’nee, tochnee, miniatyurnee predshestvennikov [Magnetically Operated, MEMS and Multisensory Sensors of Motion, 2009 — More Functional, Precise, Small than Their Predecessors]. Komponenty i tekhnologii [Components and Technologies]. 2009, no. 8 (97), pp. 54—63. (In Russian)
  16. Sysoeva S. Novye gorizonty funktsional’noy i sistemnoy integratsii datchikov mekhanicheskogo dvizheniya [New Horizons in Functional and System Integration of Sensors of Mechanical Movement]. Komponenty i tekhnologii [Components and Technologies]. 2011, no. 1 (114), pp. 6—10. (In Russian)
  17. Growth G. Smart Sensor Networks: Technologies and Applications for Green Growth. Available at: http://www.oecd.org/internet/ieconomy/44379113.pdf. Date of access: 26.06.2015.
  18. Dibley M., Li H., Rezgui Y., Miles J. Cost Effective and Scalable Sensor Network for Intelligent Building Monitoring. International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control ICIC International. 2012, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 8415—8433.
  19. Yamanov A.D., Alevskiy D.A., Plekhanov A.E. Lokal’nye besprovodnye seti ZigBee: avtomatizatsiya zdaniy i promyshlennykh ob”ektov [Local Wireless Networks Zigbee: Automatization of Buildings and Industrial Facilities]. Zhurnal «ISUP» [Journal of Informatization and Control Systems in the Production]. 2012, no. 6 (42), pp. 83—87. Available at: http://www.analytic.ru/articles/lib414.pdf. Date of access: 26.06.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Endress K. Sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya priborostroeniya dlya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov [The State and Development Prospects of Instrumentation for Technological Process]. Promyshlennye ASU i kontrollery [Industrial ACS and Controllers]. 2004, no. 1, pp. 45—48. (In Russian)
  21. Zaripova V., Petrova I. System of Conceptual Design Based on Energy-Informational Model. Progress in Systems Engineering, Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Systems Engineering, August, 2014, Las Vegas, NV, Series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 2014, vol. 330, pp. 365—373. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08422-0_54.
  22. Zaripova V.M., Petrova I.Yu. Ontological Knowledge Base of Physical and Technical Effects for Conceptual Design of Sensors. Journal of Physics: Conference. Series 588. 2015, vol. 588, issue 1, article id. 012031, pp. 1—6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/588/1/012031.
  23. Zaripova V.M., Petrova I.Yu., Lezhnina Yu.A., Faber E.N. Ontologicheskaya baza znaniy po fiziko-tekhnicheskim effektam dlya avtomatizatsii tekhnologicheskikh protsessov [Ontological Knowledge Base of Physical and Technical Effects for the Automation of Technological Processes]. Vestnik Astrakhanskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Upravlenie, vychislitel’naya tekhnika i informatika [Bulletin of the Astrakhan State Technical University. Series: Management, Computer Engineering, Computer Science]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 47—56. (In Russian)

Download

Optimizing transport logistics taking into account the state of roads and road traffic

  • Shikul’skaya Ol’ga Mikhaylovna - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (ASUACE) Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Department Chair, Fire Safety and Water Use Department, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (ASUACE), 18 Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation.
  • Esmagambetov Timur Ulykmanovich - Astrakhan State University (ASU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Technologies, Astrakhan State University (ASU), 20a Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation.

Pages 160-173

The choice and use of rational routes at strict observance of deliveries terms help to achieve not only minimization of operational expenses, but also to reduce commodity and production stocks in warehouses by 1,5...2 times. Therefore special relevance is gained by the works allowing precisely calculating the volumes of a cargo transportation, to count the quantity of transport units necessary for providing cargo flow, to define the rational routes of transportation, and also to reduce total costs of transportation. On the basis of the analysis of the known mathematical methods applied in transport logistics, the authors drew a conclusion that the route of freight delivery is estimated according to the distance passed by the vehicle. However the time of freight delivery depends not only on distance, but also on a set of other factors, such as vehicle type, road capacity, intensity of transport stream, weather conditions, season and others. For taking note of additional factors when optimizing a freight delivery route the method of analogy and similarity is used by the authors. The transportation parameters were estimated by analogy with an electric chain. For this purpose the authors entered the new concepts “fictitious distance” and “conductivity of the road”. The mathematical model allowing optimizing the organization of freight delivery taking into account not only distances, but also the probable speed of the vehicle movement depending on the road quality, intensity of transport stream and weather conditions is developed. Further development of the system of decision-making support while choosing the optimum route of cargo delivery is planned.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.160-173

References
  1. Starkova N.O., Savvidi S.M., Safonova M.V. Tendentsii razvitiya logisticheskikh uslug na sovremennom mirovom rynke [Tendencies of the Development of Logistic Services in the Modern World Market]. Politematicheskiy setevoy elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Polythematic Network Electronic Scientific Magazine of the Kuban State Agricultural University]. 2013, no. 85 (01), pp. 428—437. (In Russian)
  2. Logistics Performance Index. International LPI. World Bank official site. Available at: http://lpi.worldbank.org/international. Date of access: 27.04.2015.
  3. EU Logistics Action Plan. 2007. European Commission official site. Available at: http://ec.curopa.cu/transport/logistics/indcx_cn.html. Date of access: 22.04.2015.
  4. Khairov B.G. Formirovanie otnosheniy vlastnykh i predprinimatel’skikh struktur regiona na printsipakh logisticheskogo administrirovaniya [Formation of the Relations of Power and Enterprise Structures of the Region on the Principles of Logistic Administration]. Vestnik Sibirskoy gosudarstvennoy avtomobil’no-dorozhnoy akademii [Bulletin of the Siberian State Automobile and Road Academy]. 2012, no. 5 (27), pp. 148—152. (In Russian)
  5. Starkova N.O., Rzun I.G., Uspenskiy A.V. Issledovanie zarubezhnogo opyta formirovaniya logisticheskikh sistem [Research of the foreign experience of logistic systems formation]. Politematicheskiy setevoy elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Polythematic Network Electronic Scientific Magazine of the Kuban State Agricultural University]. 2014, no. 99 (05), pp. 1062—1085. (In Russian)
  6. Kizim A.A. Effektivnost’ skladskoy logistiki na osnove WMS-sistem sistem [Efficiency of Warehouse Logistics on the Basis of WMS Systems]. Ekonomika ustoychivogo razvitiya [Economy of the Sustainable Development]. 2013, no. 13, pp. 134—142. (In Russian)
  7. Druzhinin P.V., Ponomarev A.Ya., Kabanov A.N. Modernizatsiya sistemy transportnoy logistiki, servisa i autsorsinga regional’nykh gradostroitel’nykh sistem [Modernization of a System of Transport Logistics, Service and Outsourcing of Regional Town-Planning Systems]. Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa [Technical and Technological Problems of Service]. 2011, no. 4 (18), pp. 82—87. (In Russian)
  8. Oleynikov D.A. Klasternyy podkhod k organizatsii investitsionno-stroitel’nogo kompleksa regiona: logisticheskiy aspekt [Cluster Approach to the Organization of an Investment and Construction Complex of the Region: Logistic Aspect]. Integral. 2011, no. 5, pp. 70—71. (In Russian)
  9. Litman Todd. Towards More Comprehensive and Multi-Modal Transport Evaluation. VTPI. Available at: http://www.vtpi.org/comp_evaluation.pdf. Summarized in JOURNEYS, September 2013, pp. 50—58 (www.ltaacademy.gov.sg/journeys.htm).
  10. Litman Todd. The New Transportation Planning Paradigm. ITE Journal. 2013, vol. 83,no. 6, pp. 20—28. Available at: http://digitaleditions.sheridan.com/publication/?i=161624.
  11. Shevchenko K.I., Shevchenko I.V., Ponomarenko L.V. Regional’nyy aspekt investirovaniya v transportnuyu otrasl’ v usloviyakh globalizatsii [Regional Aspect of Investment into Transport Branch in the Conditions of Globalization]. Ekonomika ustoychivogo razvitiya [Economy of a Sustainable Development]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 223—229. (In Russian)
  12. Khairova S.M. Ispol’zovanie kontseptsiy logistiki i innovatsionnogo podkhoda v upravlenii pri formirovanii regional’noy transportno-logisticheskoy sistemy [The Use of the Concepts of Logistics and Innovative Approach in Management When Forming Regional Transport and Logistic System]. Vestnik Sibirskoy gosudarstvennoy avtomobil’no-dorozhnoy akademii [Bulletin of the Siberian State Automobile and Road Academy]. 2011, no. 4 (22), pp. 85—88. (In Russian)
  13. Khairova S.M. Marketingovoe i logisticheskoe obespechenie uslug transportno-ekspeditsionnykh organizatsiy regiona [Marketing and Logistic Support of the Services of Forwarding Organizations of the Region]. Vestnik Sibirskoy gosudarstvennoy avtomobil’no-dorozhnoy akademii [Bulletin of the Siberian State Automobile and Road Academy]. 2012, no. 2 (24), pp. 136—140. (In Russian)
  14. Sokolov S.S., Sokolova M.A. Ekonomiko-matematicheskaya model’ povysheniya pribyl’nosti gruzoperevozok [Economic-Mathematical Model of Profitability Increase of Cargo Transportation]. Regional’naya informatika (RI — 2010) : trudy XII Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 20—22 oktyabrya 2010 g.) [Regional Informatics (RI-2010)] : Materials of the 12th International Conference (Saint Petersburg, October 20—22, 2010)]. Saint Petersburg, 2010, p. 216. (In Russian)
  15. Nyrkov A.P., Vaygandt N.Yu. Kontrol’ tselostnosti dannykh pri monitoringe transportnykh sredstv [Control of Data Integrity When Monitoring the Vehicles]. Zhurnal universiteta vodnykh kommunikatsiy [Magazine of the University of Water Communications]. 2013, no. 1 (17), pp. 54—60. (In Russian)
  16. Jiwon Kim, Hani S. Mahmassani. Compound Gamma Representation for Modeling Travel Time Variability in a Traffic Network. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2015, vol. 80, pp. 40—63. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2015.06.011.
  17. Amit Kumar, Srinivas Peeta. A Day-To-Day Dynamical Model for the Evolution of Path Flows Under Disequilibrium of Traffic Networks with Fixed Demand. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2015, vol. 80, pp. 235—256. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2015.07.014
  18. Omar J. Ibarra-Rojas, Ricardo Giesen, Yasmin A. Rios-Solis. An Integrated Approach for Timetabling and Vehicle Scheduling Problems to Analyze the Trade-Off Between Level of Service and Operating Costs of Transit Networks. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2014, vol. 70, pp. 35—46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2014.08.010.
  19. Litman Todd. The Mobility-Productivity Paradox: Exploring the Negative Relationships between Mobility and Economic Productivity. Presented at the International Transportation Economic Development Conference, 9—11 April 2014, Dallas, Texas. Available at: https://www.vtpi.org/ITED_paradox.pdf.
  20. Nyrkov A.P., Sokolova M.A., Sokolov S.S. Ekonomiko-matematicheskie modeli peregruzochnykh protsessov na transporte [Economic-Mathematical Models of Reloading Processes on Transport]. Vodnyy transport Rossii: innovatsionnyy put’ razvitiya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (6—7 oktyabrya 2010 g.) [Water Transport of Russia: Innovative Way of Development. Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference (October 6—7, 2010)]. Saint Petersburg, SPGUVK Publ., 2011, vol. 3, pp. 136—139. (In Russian)
  21. Nyrkov A.P., Sokolov S.S., Ezhgurov V.N., Mal’tsev V.A. Effektivnye informatsionnye modeli transportnykh protsessov [Effective Information Models for Transport Processes]. Nauchnye trudy SWorld [Scientific Works of SWorld]. 2012, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 38—42. (In Russian)
  22. Benedetto Barabino, Sara Salis, Bruno Useli. Fare Evasion in Proof-Of-Payment Transit Systems: Deriving the Optimum Inspection Level. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2014, vol. 70, pp. 1—17. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2014.08.001.
  23. Jack Haddad, Mohsen Ramezani, Nikolas Geroliminis. Cooperative Traffic Control of a Mixed Network with Two Urban Regions and a Freeway. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2013, vol. 54, pp. 17—36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2013.03.007.
  24. Xiaopeng Li, Xin Wang, Yanfeng Ouyang. Prediction and Field Validation of Traffic Oscillation Propagation under Nonlinear Car-Following Laws. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2012, vol. 46, issue 3, pp. 409—423. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2011.11.003.
  25. Du M., Cheng L., and Rakha H. Sensitivity Analysis of Combined Distribution-Assignment Model with Applications. Transportation Research Record. 2012, no. 2284, pp. 10—20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10—20.10.3141/2284-02.
  26. Govinda R. Timilsina and Hari B. Dulal. Urban Road Transportation Externalities: Costs and Choice of Policy Instruments. World Bank Research Observer. 2011, vol. 26, no. 1, February, pp. 162—191. Available at: http://tinyurl.com/pnh6zpx.
  27. Kara Kockelman, T. Donna Chen,Brice Nichols. The Economics of Transportation Systems: A Reference for Practitioners. Center for Transportation Research, 2013. Available at: www.utexas.edu/research/ctr/pdf_reports/0_6628_P1.pdf.
  28. Anikina I.A., Shikul’skaya O.M. Analiz instrumentariya dlya logisticheskikh issledovaniy [The analysis of tools for logistic researches]. Innovatsionnye informatsionnye tekhnologii : materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Praga, 23—27 aprelya 2012 g.) [Innovative Information Technologies. Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference (Praha, April 23—27, 2012)]. Moscow, MIEM Publ., 2012, pp. 505—508. (In Russian)
  29. Anikina I.A., Shikul’skaya O.M. Analiz metodov, modeley i algoritmov, primenyaemykh v logisticheskikh issledovaniyakh [Analysis of the Methods, Models and Algorithms Applied in Logistic Researches]. Prikaspiyskiy zhurnal: upravlenie i vysokie tekhnologii [Caspian Magazine: Management and High Technologies]. 2012, no. 1 (17), pp. 82—87. (In Russian)
  30. Zaripova V., Petrova I. System of Conceptual Design Based on Energy-Informational Model. Progress in Systems Engineering, Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Systems Engineering. August, 2014, Las Vegas, NV, Series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 2015, vol. 330, pp. 365—373. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08422-0_54.
  31. Petrova I., Shikulskaya O., Shikulskiy M. Conceptual modeling methodology of multifunction sensors on the basis of a fractal approach. Advanced Materials Research. 2014, vol. 875—877, pp. 951—956. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.875-877.951.
  32. Anikina I.A., Shikul’skaya O.M. Optimizatsiya logisticheskogo prodvizheniya gruzov s uchetom sostoyaniya i zagruzhennosti dorog [Optimization of Logistic Freights Transportation Taking Into Account a State and Traffic of Roads]. Innovatsii na osnove informatsionnykh i kommunikatsionnykh tekhnologiy : materialy X Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Sochi, 1—10 oktyabrya 2013 g.) [Innovations on the Basis of Information and Communication Technologies. Materials of the 10th International Scientific and Practical Conference (Sochi, October 1—10, 2013)]. Moscow, MIEM NIU VShE Publ., 2013, pp. 508—510. (In Russian)

Download