Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2016/5

Vestnik MGSU 2016/5

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5

Articles count - 13

Pages - 139

PATRIOT, SOLDIER, BUILDER

  • Morozenko A.A. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Chair, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities Construction, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Telichenko V.I. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) MGSU President, Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 5-9

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.5-9

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NONLINEAR MODELS FOR PREDICTING RESIDUAL OPERATING LIFE AND OPERABILITY OF THE STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

  • Golovina Natal’ya Valer’evna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) postgraduate student, Department of Urban Development and Municipal Engineering, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shmelev Gennadiy Dmitrievich - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development and Municipal Engineering, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 10-17

A number of researchers are working on the creation of a general method for forecasting operability and residual life of engineering constructions of buildings and structures of different purposes using the models of nonlinear physical wear development. The authors analyzed two approaches to forecasting operability and estimating residual operating life of structural elements of residential houses using nonlinear models of the changes in physical wear of building structures basing on forecast logistic model. The description of the differences in the approaches to forecasting and advantages of one method compared to another are given. As a result of the conducted analysis the authors recommend the most accurate model for making predictions and estimation of residual operating life of building structures.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.10-17

References
  1. Shmelev G.D. Sistematizatsiya opredelyayushchikh parametrov dlya prognoza ostatochnogo sroka sluzhby stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Systematization of Key Parameters for Prognostication of Residual Service Life of Building Structures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 89—96. (In Russian)
  2. Shmelev G.D. Metodika otsenki riska pri prognozirovanii ostatochnogo sroka sluzhby stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Methods of Risk Assessment when Forecasting the Residual Operating Life of Building Structures]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNiiproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of UralNiiProekt of RAACS]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 81—84. (In Russian)
  3. Shmelev G.D., Nikolaychev I.V. Parametricheskie metody prognozirovaniya ostatochnykh srokov sluzhby zhelezobetonnykh stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Parametric Methods of Predicting the Residual Operating Life of Reinforced Concrete Building Structures]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Fiziko-khimicheskie problemy i vysokie tekhnologii stroitel’nogo materialovedeniya [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Physical and Chemical Problems and High Technologies of Construction Material Science]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 167—175. (In Russian)
  4. Shmelev G.D., Golovina N.V. Prognozirovanie nadezhnosti i ostatochnogo resursa stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy s ispol’zovaniem metoda linearizatsii v usloviyakh ogranichennoy statisticheskoy informatsii [Predicting the Reliability and Residual Life of Building Structures Using Linearization Method in the Conditions of Limited Statistic Information]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov SWorld [Collection of Scientific Works of SWorld]. 2012, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 100—107. (In Russian)
  5. Kozlov V.A., Shmelev G.D. Obosnovanie interval’nogo metoda prognozirovaniya i otsenki ostatochnogo resursa stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy zdaniy i inzhenernykh sooruzheniy [Substantiation of the Interval Method of Forecasting and Estimating the Residual Life of Building Structures of Buildings and Engineering Constructions]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction and Architecture]. 2013, no. 4 (32), pp. 11—18. (In Russian)
  6. Evtushenko S.I., Krakhmal’naya M.P., Krakhmal’nyy T.A. K voprosu ob ostatochnom resurse dlitel’no ekspluatiruemykh mostov cherez vodoprovodyashchie kanaly [To the Problem of Residual Life of Long Operating Bridges Over Feeding Canals]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 35 (54), pp. 166—170. (In Russian)
  7. Andreeva E.V. Razrabotka metoda prognozirovaniya ostatochnogo resursa elementov mashin [Development of the Method for Predicting the Residual Life of Machinery Elements]. Inzhenerno-tekhnicheskoe obespechenie APK. Referativnyy zhurnal [Engineering and Technical Support of Agro-Industrial Complex. Abstract Journal]. 2009, no. 2, p. 605. (In Russian)
  8. Shmelev G.D., Golovina N.V. Prognozirovanie ostatochnogo resursa i nadezhnosti stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy s ispol’zovaniem nelineynoy modeli razvitiya fizicheskogo iznosa [Forecasting the Residual Life and Reliability of uilding Structures Using Nonlinear Model of Physical Wear Development]. Stroitel’stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel’nosti : sbornik tezisov Shestnadtsatoy mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh (g. Moskva, 24—26 aprelya 2013 g.)[Construction — Formation of Living Environment : Collection of the Theses of the 17th International Interuniversity Science and Practice Conference of Students, Master Students, Postgraduate Students and Young Scientists (Moscow, April 24—26, 2013)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2013, pp. 163—165. (In Russian)
  9. Popova O.N., Simankina T.L. Metodika otsenki resursa rabotosposobnosti konstruktivnykh elementov zhilykh zdaniy [Method of Estimating the Operating Life of Structural Elements of Residential Buildings]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2013, no. 7 (42), pp. 40—50. (In Russian)
  10. Kalinin V.M. Otsenka bezotkaznosti i prognozirovanie dolgovechnosti truboprovodov podzemnoy prokladki [Estimating the Reliability and Forecasting the Durability of Underground Pipelines]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Engineering]. 2006, no. 4, pp. 78—85. (In Russian)
  11. Yakovlev A. Iznos i amortizatsiya: smyslovaya svyaz’ i soderzhatel’nye razlichiya [Wear and Amortization: Similarities in the Meaning and Substantial Differences]. Finansovaya gazeta [Finance Newspaper]. 2000, no. 34, pp. 51. (In Russian)

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RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLANNING STRUCTURE OF A DWELLING UNIT

  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

The article discusses some features of planning solutions of apartments in the architecture of Yerevan, which are typical to different periods, since the turn of 19-20th centuries to the present day. Housing is the chief determinant of human activity. In the process of societal development the house is the foundation of a family, and the family, on its turn, is the key to the stable state. Nevertheless, the time influences the residential architecture. Societal progress periodically affects the living environment. Therefore, housing formation process never reaches the stage of completion: it is always in an endless process of development. The above mentioned primarily concerns the evolution of the planning structure of the apartment. In this context, the dynamics of evolution of housing in Yerevan has accelerated in the second half of the 19th century. The centuries-generated space-planning system of apartment begins to develop in accordance with the rapid changes of social, urban planning and life processes of the time (extension of industry, formation of new socio-economic relations, rapid growth of population, acceleration of construction processes). The impetuous transformation of the dwelling structure is reflected in the complex process of evolution - starting from the traditional houses and ending with the apartments in high-rise buildings. The research of the problems of the traditional dwelling structure, its transformation in the first apartment buildings and diverse improvements of apartment planning solutions contributes to the definition of the main development stages of the dwelling units during the last century, which are observed in the article. Identification of the characteristics of each stage and the multilateral evaluation of different qualities of spatial-planning arrangement of apartments allow working out proper solutions for dwelling units in the future.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.18-27

References
  1. Sborshchikov S.B., Sborshchikova M.N. Razvitie metodov upravleniya programmami zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva na osnove prognozirovaniya [Development of the Control Methods of Housing Construction Programs Based on Prediction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—1, pp. 221—226. (In Russian)
  2. Subbotin O.S. Kharakternye tipy maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy i istoricheskoe (etnokul’turnoe) rayonirovanie territorii severnogo Kavkaza [Specific Types of Low-Rise Residential Buildings and the Historical (Ethno-Cultural) Zoning of the North Caucasus Territory]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 22—24. (In Russian)
  3. Azatyan K.R. Nachal’naya stadiya formirovaniya mnogokvartirnykh zhilykh domov v Erevane. Arkhitektura zhilykh sooruzheniy nachala XX veka [The Initial Stage of the Formation of Apartment Blocks in Yerevan. The Architecture of Residential Buildings in the Beginning of the 20th Century]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2010, vol. II (38), pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  4. Gasparyan M.A. Arkhitektura Erevana XIX — nachala XX veka [Architecture of Yerevan in the 19th — early 20th century]. Erevan, Ushardzan Publ., 2008, 262 p. (In Russian)
  5. Shagov N.V., Verevkina I.D., Koksharova E.A. Razvitie tipovogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v sovetskoy Rossii s 1917 po 1940 g. [Development of Standard Housing in Soviet Russia from 1917 till 1940]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 22—31. (In Russian)
  6. Azatyan K.R. Planirovochnye i funktsional’nye resheniya kvartir v period formirovaniya arkhitektury mnogokvartirnykh domov Erevana [Planning and Functional Solutions of Apartments in Yerevan during the Formation of the Apartment-Block Architecture]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2013, vol. I (48), pp. 3—18. (In Russian)
  7. Dolukhanyan L.K. Arkhitektura Sovetskoy Armenii: 20-e gody [Architecture of the Soviet Armenia: 1920s]. Erevan, Sovetakan grokh Publ., 1980, 85 p. (In Russian)
  8. Gatsunaev K.N. Dom Narkomfina kak ob”ekt kul’turnogo naslediya [Narkomfin House as a Monument of Cultural Heritage]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 7—17.
  9. Dudka E.N. Nerealizovannye konkursy 1920—1930-kh gg. v kontekste razvitiya arkhitekturnogo protsessa [Unrealized Competitions of the 1920—1930ies in the Context of the Architecture Development Process]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 11—16. (In Russian)
  10. Zurabyan Z.A. Osobennosti arkhitektury zhilogo doma na nachal’nom etape raz-vitiya mnogokvartirnogo gorodskogo zhilishcha Erevana [Characteristics of a Dwelling House Architecture During the Development of the Apartment Urban Housing in Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2010, vol. III (39), pp. 21—24. (In Russian)
  11. Zhdanova I.V. Metody povysheniya kachestva seriynoy zhiloy zastroyki 70—80-kh gg. XX v. [Methods of Improving the Quality of Serial Apartment Block of the 70—80s of the 20th Century]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 22—26. (In Russian)
  12. Hakobyan T.D. Puti modernizatsii krupnopanel’nykh zhilykh zdaniy g. Erevana [Ways of Modernization of Large-Panel Residential Buildings in Yerevan]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 12, pp. 9—19. (In Russian)
  13. Rashidyan G.G. Razvitie arkhitektury massovogo zhilishcha Armenii i zadachi so-vremennogo etapa [Development of the Architecture of Mass Housing in Armenia and the Problems of the Present Stage]. Erevan, 1999, 88 p. (In Russian)
  14. Rashidyan G.G., Azatyan K.R. Osobennosti arkhitektury novykh zhilykh rayonov massovoy zastroyki Erevana [The Features of Architecture of the Mass Housing in New Residential Areas in Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2013, vol. IV (51), pp. 47—57. (In Russian)
  15. Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R., Khanoyan K.R. Usovershenstvovanie metoda tipovogo proektirovaniya zhilykh zdaniy v Erevane i vnedrenie blok-sektsionnoy sistemy v 1970-kh godakh [Improvement of the Standardized Design Methodology of Residential Buildings and Introduction of Bay System in Yerevan in 1970s]. Nauchnye trudy NUASA [Scientific Papers of National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia]. Erevan, 2014, vol. III (54), pp. 3—12. (In Russian)
  16. Rashidyan G.G., Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R. Novye podkhody v arkhitekture zhil’ya Erevana v 1970-ykh godakh [New Approaches to the Residential Architecture in Yerevan in the 1970s]. Vestnik inzhenernoy akademii Armenii [Proceedings of Engineering Academy of Armenia]. 2013, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 699—703. (In Russian)
  17. Schroeder U. Variabel nutzbare Hauser und Wohnungen. Bauverlag GmbH. Weisbaden und Berlin, 1980.
  18. Pinchak L.A. Zhilishchnyy fond Ukrainy: sostav, struktura, statistika [Housing Stock of the Ukraine: Composition, Structure, Statistics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 118—124. (In Russian)

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

STRESS-STRAIN STATE IN EMBEDMENT OF REINFORCEMENT IN CASE OF REPEATED LOADINGS

  • Mirsayapov Ilshat Talgatovich - Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (KSUAE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering (KSUAE), 1 Zelenaya str., Kazan, 420043, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 28-38

The author offer transforming the diagram of ideal elastic-plastic deformations for the description of the stress-strain state of embedment of reinforcement behind a critical inclined crack at repeatedly repeating loadings. The endurance limit of the adhesion between concrete and reinforcement and its corresponding displacements in case of repeated loadings are accepted as the main indicators. This adhesion law is the most appropriate for the description of physical and mechanical phenomena in the contact zone in case of cyclic loading, because it simply and reliably describes the adhesion mechanism and the nature of the deformation, and greatly simplifies the endurance calculations compared to the standard adhesion law. On the basis of this diagram the author obtained the equations for the description of the distribution of pressures and displacements after cyclic loading with account for the development of deformations of cyclic creep of the concrete under the studs of reinforcement.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.28-38

References
  1. Berg O.Ya., Shcherbakov E.N. K uchetu nelineynoy svyazi napryazheniy i deformatsiy polzuchesti betona v inzhenernykh raschetakh [On the Account for Nonlinear Connection of Stresses and Strains of Concrete Creep in Engineering Calculations]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Hews of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction and Architecture]. 1973, no. 12, pp. 14—21. (In Russian)
  2. Bondarenko V.M., Kolchunov V.I. Raschetnye modeli silovogo soprotivleniya zhelezobetona [Calculation Models of Load-Bearing Resistance of Concrete]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 471 p. (In Russian)
  3. Bondarenko V.M., Bondarenko S.V. Inzhenernye metody nelineynoy teorii zhelezobetona [Engineering Methods of Reinforced Concrete Nonlinear Theory]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1982, 287 p. (In Russian)
  4. Karanfilov T.S., Volkov Yu.S., Karanfilov T.S. Vozdeystvie mnogokratno povtornoy nagruzki na zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii [Influence of Repeated Loading on Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Trudy Gidroproekta [Works of Hydroproject]. 1966, no. 13, pp. 110—119. (In Russian)
  5. Kirillov A.P. Vynoslivost’ gidrotekhnicheskogo zhelezobetona [Endurance of Hydrotechnical Reinforced Concrete]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1978, 272 p. (In Russian)
  6. Kirillov A.P., Mirsayapov I.T. Vliyanie vibropolzuchesti na vynoslivost’ zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Influence of Vibrocreep on the Endurance of Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1986, no. 1, pp. 45—46. (In Russian)
  7. Mailyan R.L., Lalayants N.G., Manchenko G.N. Raschet betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh elementov pri vibratsionnykh vozdeystviyakh [Calculation of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Elements in Case of Vibrational Impacts]. Rostov-on-Don, RISI Publ., 1983, 100 p. (In Russian)
  8. Kholmyanskiy M.M. Beton i zhelezobeton: deformativnost’i prochnost’ [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete: Deformability and Stability]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1997, 568 p. (In Russian)
  9. Oatul A.A., Tsekhmistrov V.M., Kutin Yu.F., Ivashenko Yu.A., Paseshnik V.V., Pyl’neva T.M. Predlozheniya k postroeniyu tekhnicheskoy teorii stsepleniya armatury s betonom [Suggestions to Creation of Technical Theory of Adhesion of reinforcement with Concrete]. Stseplenie armatury s betonom : po materialam Vsesoyuznogo nauchno-tekhnicheskogo soveshchaniya v Chelyabinske [Adhesion Between Reinforcement and Concrete : on the Materials of the All-Union Science and Technology Conference in Chelyabinsk]. Moscow, NIIZhB Publ., 1971, pp. 6—13. (In Russian)
  10. Veselov A.A. Teoriya stsepleniya armatury s betonom i ee primenenie [Theory of Adhesion Between Reinforcement and Concrete and Its Application]. Saint Petersburg, 2000, 168 p. (In Russian)
  11. Benin A.V. Konechno-elementnoe modelirovanie protsessov razrusheniya elementov zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Finite Element Simulation of the Destruction Processes of the Elements of Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 16—20. (In Russian)
  12. Benin A.V., Semenev A.S., Semenev S.G. Fracture Simulation of Reinforced Concrete Structure with Account of Bond Degradation and Concrete Cracking under Steel Corrosion. Advances in Civil Engineering and building Materials. London, Taylor&Francis Group, 2013, pp. 233—237. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b13165-49.
  13. Benin A.V., Semenov A.S., Semenov S.G., Mel’nikov B.E. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie protsessa razrusheniya stsepleniya armatury s betonom. Chast’ 1. Modeli s uchetom nesploshnosti soedineniya [Mathematical Simulation of the Destruction Process of the Adhesion between Reinforcement and Concrete]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2013, no. 5 (40), pp. 86—99. (In Russian)
  14. Bedarev V.V., Bedarev N.V., Bedarev A.V. Bazovaya dlina ankerovki armatury periodicheskogo profilya s uchetom otnositel’noy ploshchadi smyatiya i kharaktera razrusheniya betona [Basic Length of Anchorage of Reinforcement with Deformed Section with Account for Bearing Area Ratio and the Character of Concrete Destruction]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 18—23. (In Russian)
  15. Bedarev V.V., Bedarev A.V., Bedarev N.V. Armirovanie zony ankerovki armatury periodicheskogo profilya [Reinforcement of Anchorage Zone of Deformed Section Reinforcement]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 7—12. (In Russian)
  16. Bedarev V.V., Bedarev N.V., Bedarev A.V. Obshchaya teoriya stsepleniya i ankerovki armatury periodicheskogo profilya v betone [General Theory of Adhesion and Anchorage of Reinforcement with Deformed Section in the Concrete]. Novokuznetsk, 2014, 159 p. (In Russian)
  17. Mirsayapov Il.T. Fizicheskie modeli ustalostnogo soprotivleniya zhelezobetonnykh izgibaemykh elementov deystviyu poperechnykh sil [Physical Models of Fatigue Resistance to Shear Force of Reinforced Concrete Bendable Members]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2006, no. 8, pp. 4—13. (In Russian)
  18. Mirsayapov Il.T. A Study of Stress Concentration Zones under Cyclic Loading by Thermal Imaging Method. Strength of Materials. New York, Springer New York, 2009, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 339—344. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11223-009-9121-8.
  19. Mirsayapov Il.T. Detection of Stress Concentration Regiones in Cyclic Loading by the Heat Monitoring Method. Mechanics of Solids. C Allerton Press, Inc., New York, Springer Link, 2010, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 133—139.

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BEDDINGS AND FOUNDATIONS, SUBTERRANEAN STRUCTURES. SOIL MECHANICS

RESEARCH OF THE FOUNDATION CONSOLIDATED BY DIFFERENT-SIZED HORIZONTAL ELEMENTS

  • Isakova Elena Aleksandrovna - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PSTU SNRPUP) Engineer of Industrial and Civil Construction, Master student, Department of Industrial and Civil Engineering 1-14-1m, Civil Engineering Faculty, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bochkareva Tat’yana Mikhaylovna - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PSTU), Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Operations and Geotechnics, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PSTU), Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation.

Pages 39-51

The article is dedicated to the problem of geotechnics. The problems of the weak soil base are topical. Also there sometimes happen severe accidents of soil mass. A great number of such emergencies is of a progressive character, when a local crash leads to the crash of the whole construction. Tarring the soil with epoxy can ensure geotechnical safety of the basis. That’s why the improvement of this method is needed in order to reduce yielding of the base, create ground water cutoff or create building hoisting. In the article new structural solutions for reduction of settlement are presented. The authors suggest using the manufactured plane elements containing epoxy. Such elements have different sizes and lie underneath the foundation. Similar structural scheme can be used to reduce soil settlement. The authors carried out two series of plate-bearing model tests with manufactured plane epoxy elements. In the first series of tests the biggest element was closer to the foundation, the smallest element was closer to the biggest element. In the second series of tests the smallest element was closer to the foundation, the biggest element was closer to the smallest element. After the end of plate-bearing model tests the authors received values of the base settlement and the dependency diagrams “base settlement-soil pressure”. The new structural solution for reducing soil settlement proved to be effective. Settlement of base decreased sevenfold.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.39-51

References
  1. Bochkareva T.M., Isakova E.A. Klassifikatsiya effektivnykh konstruktsiy i tekhnologiy «nulevogo» tsikla, primenyaemykh v usloviyakh novogo stroitel'stva, stroitel'stva na slabykh gruntakh i rekonstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Classification of the Effective Civil Structures and Technologies of the Underground Phase Applied in the New Construction on Loose Ground and Reconstruction of Building]. Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya, posvyashchennaya 55-letiyu kafedry stroitel’nogo proizvodstva i geotekhniki PNIPU i 60-letiyu kafedry gidrotekhnicheskikh i zemlyanykh sooruzheniy. VolgGASU: materialy konferentsii (10—13 fevralya 2015 g., g. Volgograd) [International Research-to-Practice Conference Devoted to the 55th Anniversary of the Department of Building Operations and Geotechnics of PNRPU and 60th Anniversary of the Department of Hydraulic and Soil Structures. VolgGASU: Conference Materials, February, 10—13, 2015, Volgograd]. Volgograd, VolgGASU Publ., 2015, pp. 186—190. (In Russian)
  2. Bad’ora N.P., Kots I.V. Sravnitel’nyy analiz metodov vosstanovleniya i usileniya gruntovykh massivov nesushchikh osnov sooruzheniy [Comparative Analysis of the Methods of Renewing and Reinforcing the Soil Mass of Support Bases of Structures]. Visnik Khmel’nits’kogo natsional’nogo universitetu. Tekhnichni nauki [Herald of the Khmelnitskiy National University. Engineering Sciences]. 2013, no. 4 (203), pp. 61—64. (In Russian)
  3. Zuev S.S., Makovetskiy O.A. Zakreplenie neustoychivykh gruntov metodom smolizatsii glavnogo i vspomogatel’nogo stvolov pri stroitel’stve ugol’noy shakhty v Rostovskoy oblasti [Restraint of Yielding Grounds of the Main and Auxiliary Trunks at the Construction of a Coal Mine in the Rostov Region with the Help of Tarring]. Marksheyderiya i nedropol’zovanie [Mine surveying and subsurface management]. 2014, no. 5 (73), pp. 67—70. (In Russian)
  4. Karol R.H. Chemical Grouting and Soil Stabilization. New York — Basel, Marcel Dekker Inc., 2005, 505 p.
  5. American Society of Civil Engineers. Chemical Grouting Key to Saving Subway Station. Civil Engineering. 1998, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 69—70.
  6. Samarin E.N. Sovremennye in”ektsionnye materialy i ikh ispol’zovanie dlya uluchsheniya svoystv gruntov [Modern Grouting Mortars and Their Use for Improvement of Soil Features]. Geotekhnika [Geotechnics]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 4—12. (In Russian)
  7. Voronkevich S.D., Evdokimova L.A., Emel’yanov S.N., Larionova N.A., Sergeev V.I. Opyt primeneniya in”ektsionnogo rastvora na osnove epoksidnoy smoly dlya uplotneniya skal’nykh osadochnykh porod v rayone stvora Rogunskoy GES [Experience in Application of Grouting Mortar Based on Epoxy for Consolidation of Sedimentary Rocks Around an Alignment of Rogozhnitsky Hydroelectric Power Station]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1981, no. 10, pp. 6—10. (In Russian)
  8. Samarin E.N. K voprosu klassifitsirovaniya in”ektsionnykh materialov [To a Question of Classification of Injection Materials]. Geotekhnika [Geotechnics]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 42—51. (In Russian)
  9. Isakova E.A., Bochkareva T.M. Issledovanie kharaktera raboty gruntovogo osnovaniya, usilennogo ploskostnym geomassivom po metodu smolizatsii [Research of the Behavior of Soil Base Consolidated by Manufactured Plane Epoxy Element]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [PNRPU Construction and Architecture Bulletin]. 2015, no. 3, pp. 54—66. (In Russian)
  10. Kochetkov A.V. Geoimplantat kak novyy predmetnyy termin v geosintetike [Geoimplant is a Modern Term of Geosynthetics]. Krasnaya liniya. Dorogi [The Red Line. Roads Magazine]. February 2010, special issue, p. 16. (In Russian)
  11. Bartolomey A.A., Yankovskiy L.V. Patent 2032024 RF, MPK E02D 27/08 E02D 37/00. Sposob usileniya osnovaniya lentochnogo fundamenta pri rekonstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Russian Patent 2032024 RF, MPK E02D 27/08 E02D 37/00. Method of Strengthening the Base of Girder Foundation at Reconstructing Buildings and Structures]. No. 5055193/33 ; appl. 17.07.2002 ; publ. 27.03.1995. Bulletin no. 9. Patent holder PGTU. (In Russian)
  12. Yankovskiy L.V. Klassifikatsiya geoimplantantnykh konstruktsiy dlya stroitel’stva i remonta transportnykh ob”ektov [Classification of Geo–Implant Constructions for Construction and Repair of Transport Objects]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 51—53. (In Russian)
  13. Yankovskiy L.V., Mal’tsev A.V. Analiz peremeshcheniy poverkhnosti i sloev grunta osnovaniya fundamenta usilennogo geoimplantatnoy konstruktsiey [Analysis of Settlement of a Base Consolidated by Geo-Implant Construction]. Fundamenty glubokogo zalozheniya i problemy osvoeniya podzemnogo prostranstva : materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii (g. Perm’, 18—19 oktyabrya 2011 g.) [Deep Foundations and Problems of Underground Space Development: International Conference Materials (Perm, October 18—19, 2011)]. Perm, Izdatel’stvo Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2011. (In Russian)
  14. Yankovskiy L.V. Modelirovanie sistemy osnovanie-geoimplantat-fundament [Modeling the System of Base-Geo-Implant-Foundation]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [PNRPU Construction and Architecture Bulletin]. Perm, Izdatel’stvo Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2011, no. 1, pp. 90—98. (In Russian)
  15. Mal’tsev A.V., Yankovskiy L.V. Modelirovanie protsessa vnedreniya geoimplantanta v osnovanie shtampa pod nagruzkoy [Process simulation of introduction of geo-implant into the Base of a Stamp under Loading]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v stroitel’stve. Teoriya i praktika : III regional’naya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya aspirantov, molodykh uchenykh i studentov (g. Perm’, 18—19 maya 2011 g.) [Modern Technologies of Building. Theory and Practice: 3rd Regional Research-To-Practice Conference of Postgraduate Students, Young Scientists and Students (Perm, May, 18—19, 2011)]. Perm, Izdatel’stvo Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2011. (In Russian)
  16. Yankovskiy L.V. Krupnomasshtabnyy eksperiment po proverke modeli osnovanie-geoimplantat-fundament [Large-Scale Experiment Proving the Model of Base-Geo-Implant-Foundation]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 81—83. (In Russian)
  17. Yankovskiy L.V. Opisanie modeli geosredy osnovaniya, usilennogo geoimplantatnoy konstruktsiey [Model Description of a Base with Geo-Implant Constructions]. Vestnik Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Okhrana okruzhayushchey sredy, transport, bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti [Proceedings of Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Environment Protection, Transport, Life Safety]. Perm, Izdatel’stvo Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2011, no. 1, pp. 75—81. (In Russian)
  18. Yankovskiy L.V., Ladin M.O., Orlov A.D. Ukreplenie osnovaniya lentochnogo fundamenta geoimplantatnoy konstruktsiey [Consolidation of Girder Foundation Base by Geoimplant Structure]. Dorogi. Innovatsii v stroitel’stve [Roads. Innovations in the Construction]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 91—93. (In Russian)
  19. Yankovskiy L.V. Voprosy rascheta gorizontal’nykh tsementobetonnykh armoelementov, primenyaemykh pri zakreplenii osnovaniy [Calculations of Cement Concrete Horizontal Reinforced Elements That are Used for Strengthening of Bases]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic Series]. 2011, no. 3 (17), article. 24. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/?source=4&articleno=624. (In Russian)
  20. Yankovskiy L.V., Kochetkov A.V. Zakreplenie osnovaniya dorozhnogo polotna gorizontal’nymi tsementobetonnymi armoelementami [Grouting of Glower Structure with Concrete Horizontal Elements]. Dorogi i mosty [Roads and Bridges]. 2011, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 139—150. (In Russian)
  21. Ponomarev A.B., Kaloshina S.V., Sychkina E.N. Inzhenernaya geologiya i mekhanika gruntov [Geo-engineering and Soil Engineering]. Perm, Izdatel’stvo Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2009, 36 p. (In Russian)
  22. Kleveko V.I. Otsenka napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya armirovannykh osnovaniy v pylevato-glinistykh gruntakh: dissertatsiya … kandidata tekhnicheskokh nauk [Analysis of Strain-Stress State of Silt-Loam Soil with Reinforcing : dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Perm, 2002, 152 p. (In Russian)
  23. Smorodinov M.I., editor. Spravochnik po obshchestroitel’nym rabotam. Osnovaniya i fundamenty [Reference Book on General Construction Works. Bases and Foundations]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1974, 372 p. (In Russian)
  24. Tat’yannikov D.A., Davlyatshin K.P., Fedorovykh Ya.A., Ponomarev A.B. Planirovanie eksperimenta po issledovaniyu napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya peschanogo gruntovogo osnovaniya s pomoshch’yu shtampovykh ispytaniy [Planning of Experiment on Research of Strain-Stress State of Sand Base by Stamp Investigations]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [PNRPU Construction and Architecture Bulletin]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 105—109. (In Russian)

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TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

STABILITY CONTROL OF ELEVATING-TRANSFER VEHICLES IN THE CONSTRUCTION

  • Zhadanovskiy Boris Vasil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Professor, Department of Technology and Organization of Construction Operations, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 52-58

The underground space is widely used in the construction in big cities of the Russian Federation. These works need the use of elevating-transfer vehicles. In this case the requirements of norms and regulations on operating safety should be strictly observed, because their breach often leads to emergency situations and injuries. The organizational and technological solutions when developing the design documentation and executing construction and assembly works should be primarily based on the stability of lifting facilities. The author states the requirements to installation of lifting tackles (cranes). The features of their installation in different operation conditions on construction sites are described. The crane stability depends on many different indicators, which are considered by the author. The calculation algorithms of crane stability are offered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.52-58

References
  1. Sokolov G.K., Goncharov A.A. Tekhnologiya vozvedeniya spetsial’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Technology of Constructing Special Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2005, 343 p. (Vysshee professional’noe obrazovanie. Stroitel’stvo [Higher Professional Education. Construction]) (In Russian)
  2. Telichenko V.I., editor. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya zdaniy i sooruzheniy gorodskoy infrastruktury [Construction and Reconstruction of Buildings and Structures of City Infrastructure]. Moscow, MGSU Publ.; ASV Publ., 2009, vol. 1: Organizatsiya i tekhnologiya stroitel’stva [Organization and Technology of the Construction]. 519 p. (In Russian)
  3. Cherednichenko N.D. Modelirovanie stroitel’nogo protsessa na etape predproektnoy podgotovki stroitel’stva [Simulation of a Construction Process on the Stage of Pre-design Preparation of the Construction]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Journal of Don]. 2012, vol. 22, no. 4—1 (22), article 174. (In Russian)
  4. Chulkov V.O., Kuzina O.N. Funktsional’noe modelirovanie stroitel’nogo pereustroystva neproizvodstvennykh ob”ektov [Functional Modeling of Redevelopment of Non-industrial Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 251—258. (In Russian)
  5. Kazaryan R.R., Nikol’skaya O.Yu. Sertifikatsiya sredstv mekhanizatsii ruchnogo truda i transportirovaniya stroitel’nykh gruzov [Certification of the Mechanization Means of Hand Labour and Transportation of Construction Loads]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 10, p. 51. (In Russian)
  6. Shirshikov B.F., Akulich V.V. Vybor ratsional’nogo kompleksa stroitel’nykh mashin dlya vypolneniya vosstanovitel’nykh rabot [Choosing the Justified Complex of Construction Machinery for Reconstruction Works]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 11, pp. 76—78. (In Russian)
  7. Shirshikov B.F., Akulich V.V. Model’ otsenki ratsional’nogo vybora organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy pri provedenii vosstanovitel’nykh rabot [Assessment Model of the Rational Choice of Organizational and Technological Solutions for Reconstruction Works]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 33—35. (In Russian)
  8. Abramov L.I., Abramov I.L. Modelirovanie tekhnologicheskikh protsessov stroitel’stva maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy [Simulation of Technological Construction Processes of Low-rise Residential Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Residential Construction]. 2007, no. 5, pp. 1—3. (In Russian)
  9. Afanas’ev A.A., Matveev E.P., Monastyrev P.V. Industrial’nye metody oblitsovki fasadov zdaniy pri ikh uteplenii [Industrial Methods of Facing Building Faсades and Their Heat Insulation]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 1997, no. 6, pp. 49. (In Russian)
  10. Dzhalilov F.F., Kievskiy L.V. Razrabotka organizatsionnykh resheniy po sozdaniyu ob”ektov stroitel’stva i ikh ekspertiza: problemy i podkhody [Development of Organizational Solutions on Construction Objects’ Creation and Their Expertise: Problems and Approaches]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 1995, no. 4, p. 24. (In Russian)
  11. Ershov M.N., Shirshikov B.F. Rekonstruktsiya obshchestvennykh zdaniy bez osta-novki ikh ekspluatatsii [Reconstruction of Public Buildins without Stopping Their Operation]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2004, no. 5, pp. 57—58. (In Russian)
  12. Vil’man Yu.A., Stepanov M.A. Distantsionno-upravlyaemye manipulyatory [Remote-Controlled Manipulative Devices]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Mechanization of the Construction]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 3—8. (In Russian)
  13. Vil’man Yu.A., Kagan P.B. Sovershenstvovanie urovnya mekhanizatsii i avtomatizatsii tekhnologiy montazha konstruktsiy [Advancing the Mechanization and Automation Level of Construction Installation Technologies]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Technical Chiences]. 2014, no. 11—12 (78), pp. 397—398. (In Russian)
  14. Chirva M.A. Povyshenie kachestva razrabotki proektov proizvodstva rabot [Increasing the Quality of the Development of Work Performance Projects]. Transportnoe stroitel’stvo [Transport Construction]. 2015, no. 8, pp. 27—29. (In Russian)
  15. Margolin V.M. Metod opredeleniya osnovnykh tekhnologicheskikh parametrov in”ektsii vyazkikh rastvorov v peschanye grunty [Method of Determining the Main Technological Parametres of Cementing Mortar Injections into Sandy Soils]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 52—53. (In Russian)
  16. Spravochnik stroitelya. Stroitel’noe proizvodstvo [Reference Book of a Constructor. Construction Operations]. In 3 volumes. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989, vol. 2. Organizatsiya i tekhnologiya rabot [Organization and Technology of Operations]. 527 p. (In Russian)
  17. Epifanov S.P., Polyakov V.I. Pnevmokolesnye i gusenichnye krany [Rubber-Tire and Caterpillar Cranes]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1985, 312 p. (In Russian)

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MODELING AND OPTIMIZATION OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT FENCING STRUCTURES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zhunin Andrey Alekseevich - 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation Postgraduate student, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 59-71

The investigations of thermal and technical features of enveloping structures show that at the present time the structures of outer walls with hinged ventilated facades are the most energy efficient. The facades with air space are widely used both in residential and in public buildings. In the recent years the problems related to energy efficient enveloping structures are being actively investigated. The problems of modern Russian and foreign energy-efficient facade systems, their technical and structural solutions and the main methods of their installation are reviewed in the article. The methods of solving the tasks of research are proposed and the obtained results are described. The development of organizational and technological solutions for sealing of joints of front panels during installation of ventilated facades by pre-assembly method was the basis of the method of solving of the problem. The obtained data together with the developed structural and technological solutions may become the base for the development of technical rules and regulations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.59-71

References
  1. Afanas’ev A.A., Zhunin A.A. Modul’nye fasady v vysotnom stroitel’stve [Modular Facades in High-Rise Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 2, pp. 19—23. (In Russian)
  2. Afanas’ev A.A., Zhunin A.A. Industrial’naya tekhnologiya vozvedeniya energoeffektivnykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Industrial Technology of Constructing Energy Efficient Enveloping Structures]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of Construction Operations]. 2014, no. 2 (7), pp. 28—30. (In Russian)
  3. Ershov M.N., Vil’man Yu.A. Tekhnologiya oblitsovki 25-etazhnogo monolitnogo zhelezobetonnogo zhilogo doma. Stroyka glazami uchenykh [Facing Technology of 25-storeyed Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Residential Building]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Mechanization of Construction]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 24—31. (In Russian)
  4. Ershov M.N., Babiy I.N., Meneylyuk I.A. Analiz tekhnologicheskikh osobennostey primeneniya fasadnykh sistem teploizolyatsii [Analysis of Technological Features of the Use of Faсade Thermal Insulation Systems]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of Construction Operations]. 2015, no. 4—1 (9), pp. 43—47. (In Russian)
  5. Zhukov A.D. Tekhnologiya teploizolyatsionnykh materialov. Chast’ 2. Teploeffektivnye stroitel’nye sistemy [Technology of Thermal Insulation Materials. Part 2. Thermal Efficient Construction Systems]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 248 p. (In Russian)
  6. Zhunin A.A. Metody sokrashcheniya trudozatrat i uluchsheniya kontrolya kachestva rabot pri vozvedenii energoeffektivnykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Methods of Reducing Labour Costs and Increasing the Quality Control when Constructing Energy Efficient Enveloping Structures]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. 2014, no. 3 (44), pp. 137—141. (In Russian)
  7. Ivakina Yu.Yu. Povyshenie effektivnosti navesnykh ventiliruemykh fasadov [Increasing the Efficiency of Hinged Ventilated Facades]. Moscow, Kniga po trebovaniyu Publ., 2011, 112 p. (In Russian)
  8. Organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskiy potentsial ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy mnogoetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy [Organizational and Technological Potential of Enveloping Structures of Multi-Storeyed Residential Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 143—149. (In Russian)
  9. Malyavina E.G. Stroitel’naya teplofizika i problemy utepleniya sovremennykh zdaniy [Structural Thermal Physics and the Problems of Heat Insulation of Modern Buildings]. AVOK: Ventilyatsiya, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie vozdukha, teplosnabzhenie i stroitel’naya teplofizika [AVOK : Ventilation, Heating, Air Conditioning, Heat Supply and Construction Thermal Physics]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 4—7. (In Russian)
  10. Vaynshteyn M.S., Zhdanovskiy B.V., Sinenko S.A., Afanas’ev A.A., Pavlov A.S., Efimenko A.Z., Dolganov A.I. Otsenka effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy pri vybore sredstv mekhanizatsii proizvodstva stroitel’no-montazhnykh rabot [Estimating the Efficiency of Organizational and Technological Solutions when Choosing the Means of Mechanization of Installation and Construction Works]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2015, no. 13, pp. 123—128. (In Russian)
  11. SP 70.13330.2012. Nesushchie i ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 3.0301—87 [Requirements 70.13330.2012. Baring and Enveloping Structures. Updated Edition of Construction Rules SNiP 3.0301—87]. Moscow, Gosstroy Publ., 2013, 203 p. (In Russian)
  12. SP 48.13330.2011. Organizatsiya stroitel’stva. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SP 48.13330.2011 [Requirements SP 48.13330.2011. Organization of Construction. Updated Edition of the Rules SP 48.13330.2011]. Moscow, GosstroyRossii Publ., 2010, 21 p. (In Russian)
  13. Tekhnicheskiy reglament o bezopasnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy : Federal’nyy zakon ot 30.12.2009 № 384-FZ [Technical Rules on the Safety of Buildings and Structures : Federal Law from 30.12.2009 no. 384-FZ]. (In Russian)
  14. Tekhnicheskiy reglament o trebovaniyakh pozharnoy bezopasnosti : Federal’nyy zakon ot 22.07.2008 № 123-FZ (red. ot 23.06.2014) [Technical Rules on the Requirements to Fire Safety : Federal Law from 22.07.2008 no. 123-FZ (edition from 23.06.2014)]. (In Russian)
  15. SNiP 12-03—2001. Bezopasnost’ truda v stroitel’stve. Chast’ 1. Obshchie trebovaniya [Construction Regulations SNiP 12-03—2001. Labor Safety in the Construction. Part 1. Geberal Requirements]. Moscow, GosstroyRossii Publ., 2001. (In Russian)
  16. GOST 11024—2012. Paneli stenovye naruzhnye betonnye i zhelezobetonnye dlya zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy. Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviya [Russian State Standard 11024—2012. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Outer Wall Panels for Residential and Public Buildings]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2014, 19 p. (In Russian)
  17. GOST 13015—2012. Izdeliya betonnye i zhelezobetonnye dlya stroitel’stva. Obshchie tekhnicheskie trebovaniya. Pravila priemki, markirovki, transportirovaniya i khraneniya [Russian State Standard 13015—2012. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Products for Construction. General Technical Requirements. Rules of Acceptance, Marking, Transportation and Storage]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2014, 40 p. (In Russian)
  18. Al’bom tekhnicheskikh resheniy Konstruktsiya navesnoy fasadnoy sistemy s voz-dushnym zazorom «RUSEKSP» s oblitsovkoy keramogranitnymi plitami [Album of Technical Solutions “Construction of Hinged Facade System with Air Gap “RUSEKSP” with Facing by Ceramic Granite Panels] . Moscow, OOO «Atlas Moskva» Publ., 2012. (In Russian)
  19. Al’bom tekhnicheskikh resheniy «ROCKWOOL» : Materialy dlya proektirovaniya i rabochie chertezhi uzlov [Album of Technical Solutions “ROCKWOOL” : Materials for Design and Working Drawings of Joints]. Moscow, OAO «TsNIIPromzdaniy» Publ., 2013, 388 p. (In Russian)
  20. Draper N.R., Smith H. Applied Regression Analysis. Wiley-Interscience, 3rd edition, 1998, 736 p.

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

DESIGN OF CEMENT COMPOSITES WITH INCREASED IMPERMEABILITY

  • Fedyuk Roman Sergeevich - Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Hydrotechnology, Theory of Buildings and Structures, Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), 8 Sukhanova str., Vladivostok, 690000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 72-81

The paper deals with the development of composite binders for producing concrete with improved characteristics of gas, water and vapor permeability. The authors investigate the processes of composite materials formation in order of decreasing scale levels from macro to nanostructures. The criteria for optimization of the volume of dispersed additives in concrete are offered. The authors theoretically studied the technological features of the formation of hydrated cement stone structure. A positive effect of nanodispersed additives on the structure and physico-mechanical properties of cement composite materials are predicted. Thanks to its improved features, such as good ratio of strength and body density, high density and lifetime, the modified concrete may be used when solving various practical tasks of the construction branch.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.72-81

References
  1. Aleksashin S.V. Povyshenie morozostoykosti i vodonepronitsaemosti melkozernistykh betonov dlya rechnykh gidrosooruzheniy : dissertatsiya … kandidata tekhicheskikh nauk [Increasing Frost Resistance and Water Impermeability of Fine-grained Concretes for River Hydraulic Structures : dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, 2014, 114 p. (In Russian)
  2. Kucherenko A.A. Poroshkovaya tekhnologiya betona. Chast’ 2 [Powder Concrete Technology. Part 2]. Tekhnologii betonov [Concrete Technologies]. 2009, no. 1 (30), pp. 58—60. (In Russian)
  3. Chernyshov E.M. Strukturnaya neodnorodnost’ stroitel’nykh kompozitov: voprosy materialovedcheskogo obobshcheniya i razvitiya teorii (chast’ 2) [Structural Inhomogeneity of Structural Composites: Issues of Material Science Generalization and Theory Development (Part 2)]. Rossiyskaya akademiya arkhitektury i stroitel’nykh nauk. Vestnik otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk. Nauchnoe izdanie [Proceedings of Construction Sciences Department of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences. Scientific issue]. Moscow-Orel-Kursk, 2011, no. 15, pp. 223—239. (In Russian)
  4. Obraztsov I.V. Optimizatsiya zernovykh sostavov tsementno-mineral’nykh smesey dlya proizvodstva stroitel’nykh kompozitov metodami komp’yuternogo modelirovaniya : dissertatsiya … kandidata tekhicheskikh nauk [Optimization of Grain Distribution of Cement and Mineral Aggregates for the Production of Construction Composites by Computer Modelling Methods : dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Tver, 2014, 131 p. (In Russian)
  5. Milyaev I.V. Optimizatsiya svoystv modifitsirovannogo tsementnogo kamnya [Optimization of the Properties of Modified Cement Stone]. Nauchnyy Vestnik VGASU [Scientific Proceedings of Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 102—104. (In Russian)
  6. Laurent P. Granger, Zdeněk P. Bažant. Effect of Composition on Basic Creep of Concrete and Cement Paste. Journal of Engineering Mechanics. November 1995, vol. 121 (11), pp. 1261—1270. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(1995)121:11(1261).
  7. Shumkov A.I. Formirovanie i optimizatsiya makrostruktury tyazhelogo betona [Formation and Optimization of the Macrostructure of Heavy Concrete]. Tekhnologii betonov [Concrete Technologies]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 52—53. (In Russian)
  8. Kharkhardin A.N. Modeli potentsialov i sil parnogo vzaimodeystviya mikro- i nanochastits v dispersnykh sistemakh [Models of the Potentials and Forces of the Interaction of Micro and Nanoparticles in Disperse Systems]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 117—126. (In Russian)
  9. Kharkhardin A.N. Strukturnaya topologiya dispersnykh sistem vzaimodeystvuyu-shchikh mikro- i nanochastits [Structural Topology of the Disperse Systems of Interacting Micro- and Nanoparticles]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 119—125. (In Russian)
  10. Kharkhardin A.N., Topchiev A.I. Tyazhelyy beton s plotnym strukturnym karkasom zapolnitelya [Heavy Concrete with Dense Structural Framework of the Filliing Matter]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2001, no. 4, p. 54. (In Russian)
  11. Shurcliff William A. Super Solar Houses — Saunders’s 100% Solar, Low-Cost Designs. Brick House Publishing Company, 1983, 118 p.
  12. Falikman V.R. Nanomaterialy i nanotekhnologii v sovremennykh betonakh [Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies in Modern Concretes]. ALITinform: Tsement. Beton. Sukhie smesi [ALITinform: Cement. Concrete. Dry Mixtures]. 2011, no. 5—6, pp. 34—48. (In Russian)
  13. Bogusevich V.A. Melkozernistyy beton na osnove tekhnogennykh peskov KMA dlya zimnego betonirovaniya: dissertatsiya … kandidata tekhicheskikh nauk [Fine-Grained Concrete Based on Technogenic Sands of Kursk Magnetic Anomaly for Winter Concreting: dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Belgorod, 2014, 172 p. (In Russian)
  14. Kozhukhova N.I., Bondarenko A.I., Strokova V.V. Zavisimost’ mekhanizma strukturoobrazovaniya ot khimicheskogo sostava kak klyuchevogo faktora vyazhushchey sistemy [Dependence of Structure Formation Mechanism from the Chemical Composition as a Key Factor of a Binding System]. Stroitel’nyy kompleks Rossii. Nauka. Obrazovanie. Praktika : materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 50-letiyu Vostochno-Sibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta tekhnologiy i upravleniya i stroitel’nogo fakul’teta (g. Ulan-Ude, 11—14 iyulya 2012 g.) [Construction Complex of Russia. Science. Education. Practice : Materials of the International Science and Practice Conference Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of the Department (Ulan-Ude, July 11—14, 2012]. Ulan-Ude, VSGUTU Publ., 2012, pp. 162—164. (In Russian)
  15. Korolev S.A. O novom podkhode v matematicheskom prognozirovanii vodonepronitsaemosti tsementnykh kompozitov [On the New Approach to Mathematical Forecasting of Water Impermeability of Cement Composites]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural’skogo gosudarstvenno-go universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2008, no. 25 (125), pp. 31—36. (In Russian)
  16. Betekktin V.I., Bakhtibaev A.N., Egorov E.A. Kontsentratsiya mikropor v tsementnom kamne i ikh raspredelenie po razmeram [Concentration of Micropores in Cement Stone and Their Distribution According to Size]. Tsement [Cement]. 1989, no. 10, pp. 8—10. (In Russian)
  17. Lyakhevich G.D., Zvonnik S.A., Lyakhevich G.A., Al’azzavi A.B.A. Teoreticheskie aspekty, eksperimental’nye issledovaniya i effektivnost’ ispol’zovaniya vysokoprochnykh betonov dlya mostovykh konstruktsiy [Theoretical Aspects, Experimental Investigations and Efficiency of the Use of High-Strength Concretes for Bridge Constructions]. Nauka i tekhnika [Science and Technology]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 48—54. (In Russian)
  18. Vlasov V.K. Mekhanizm povysheniya prochnosti betona pri vvedenii mikronapolnitelya [Mechanism of Increasing the Strength of Concrete when Introducing Microfiller]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1988, no. 10, pp. 9—11. (In Russian)
  19. Krasnyy I.M. O mekhanizme povysheniya prochnosti betona pri vvedenii mikronapolniteley [On the Mechanism of Increasing the Strength of Concrete when Introducing Microfiller]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1987, no. 5, pp. 10—11. (In Russian)

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HEAT INSULATING LIME DRY MORTARS FOR FINISHING OF WALLS MADE OF FOAM CONCRETE

  • Loganina Valentina Ivanovna - Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Quality Management and Technology of Construction Production, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction, 28 G. Titova st., Penza, 440028, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Frolov Mikhail Vladimirovich - Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PGUAS) postgraduate student, Department of Quality Management and Technologies of the Construction, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PGUAS), 28 Germana Titova str., Penza, 440028, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ryabov Maksim Aleksandrovich - Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PGUAS) student, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PGUAS), 28 Germana Titova str., Penza, 440028, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 82-92

Different aerated mortars are used for pargeting of walls made of aerated concrete. Though the regulatory documents don’t specify the dependence of plaster density from the density grade of gas-concrete blocks. In case of facing of gas-concrete blocks with the grade D500 using plaster mortars with the density 1400…1600 km/m3 there occurs a dismatch in the values of thermal insulation and vapor permeability of the plaster and base. The authors suggest using dry mortars for finishing of gas-concrete block of the grades D500 и D600, which allow obtaining facing thermal insulating coatings. The efficiency of using four different high-porous additives in the lime dry mortar was compared. They were: hollow glass microspheres, aluminosilicate ash microspheres, expanded vermiculite sand, expanded pearlitic sand. The high efficiency of hollow glass microspheres in heat insulating finishing mortars compared to other fillers is proved.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.82-92

References
  1. Rukovodstvo po naruzhnoy otdelke sten iz yacheistobetonnykh blokov avtoklavnogo tverdeniya [Manual on External Walls Finishing Made of Cellular-Concrete Blocks of Autoclave Curing]. 1st edition, Belgorod, Natsional’naya assotsiatsiya proizvoditeley avtoklavnogo gazobetona Publ., 2010, 3 p. (In Russian)
  2. STO 501-52-01—2007. Proektirovanie i vozvedenie ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy s primeneniem yacheistykh betonov v Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Chast’ 1. Vvedenie 25.01.2007 [Requirements STO 501-52-01—2007. Design and Construction of Enveloping Structures of Residential and Public Buildings Using Cellular Concretes in the Russian Federation. Part 1. Introduction. 25.01.2007]. Moscow, Assotsiatsiya stroiteley Rossii Publ., 2007, 30 p. (In Russian)
  3. Loganina V.I., Kislitsyna S.N., Makarova L.V., Sadovnikova M.A. Reologicheskie svoystva kompozitsionnogo izvestkovogo vyazhushchego s primeneniem sinteticheskikh tseolitov [Rheological Features of Composite Lime Binder with Application of Synthetic Zeolites]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2013, no. 4 (652), pp. 37—42. (In Russian)
  4. Loganina V.I., Makarova L.V., Kislitsina S.N., Sergeeva K.A. Povyshenie vodostoykosti pokrytiy na osnove izvestkovykh otdelochnykh sostavov [Increasing Water Resistance of Coatings Based on Lime Finishing Compounds]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2012, no. 1 (637), pp. 41—46. (In Russian)
  5. Loganina V.I., Petukhova N.A., Akzhigitova E.R. Razrabotka organomineral’noy dobavki dlya sukhikh stroitel’nykh smesey [Development of Organo-mineral Additive for Dry Mortars]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova [Bulletin of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 8—12. (In Russian)
  6. Loganina V.I., Frolov M.V. Tonkodispersnyy napolnitel’ na osnove silikatov kal’tsiya dlya izvestkovykh smesey [Fine-Grained Filler Based on Calcium Silicates for Lime Mortars]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. 2015, no. 5 (52), pp. 144—147. (In Russian)
  7. Frolov M.V. Strukturoobrazovanie izvestkovykh kompozitov v prisutstvii modifitsiruyushchey dobavki [Structure Formation of Lime Composites with Modifying Additive]. Sovremennye nauchnye issledovaniya i innovatsii [Modern Scientific Researches and Innovations]. 2015, no. 7—1 (51), pp. 51—54. (In Russian)
  8. Zagorodnyuk L.Kh., Lesovik V.S., Gaynutdinov R. Spetsifika tverdeniya stroitel'nykh rastvorov na osnove sukhikh smesey [Hardening Features of Mortars Based on Dry Mixes]. Nauchnye i inzhenernye problemy stroitel'no-tekhnologicheskoy utilizatsii tekhnogennykh otkhodov : sbornik trudov konferentsii (g. Belgorod, 15—23 marta 2014 g.) [Scientific and Engineering Problems of Construction and Technological Utilization of Technogenic Waste : Collection of Works of the Conference (Belgorod, March 15—23, 2014)]. Belgorod, BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova Publ., 2014, no. 13, pp. 93—98 (In Russian)
  9. Lesovik V.S., Zagorodnyuk L.Kh., Chulkova I.L. Zakon srodstva struktur v materialovedenii [Affinity Law of Structures in Material Science]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Research]. 2014, no. 3—2, pp. 267—271. (In Russian)
  10. Oreshkin D.V., Pervushin G.N. Izmenenie vlazhnosti i teploprovodnosti tsementnogo tamponazhnogo kamnya s polymi steklyannymi mikrosferami vo vremeni [Change of Humidity and Thermal Conductivity of Cement Grouting Stone with Glass Hollow Microspheres in Time]. Stroitel’stvo neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na more [Construction of Oil and Gas Wells on Land and Sea]. 2003, no. 2, pp. 41—43. (In Russian)
  11. Pashkevich A.A. Effektivnye tsementnye shtukaturnye rastvory s polymi steklyannymi mikrosferami : dissertatsiya… kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Efficient Concrete Plaster Mortars with Glass Hollow Microspheres : Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, 2009, 151 p. (In Russian)
  12. Kirillov K.I., Pashkevich A.A., Pervushin E.G., Oreshkin D.V. Oblegchennyy kladochnyy rastvor [Light Masonry Mortar]. Stroitel’naya fizika v XXI veke : sbornik dokladov nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem [Construction Physics in the 21st Century : Collection of Reports of Science and Technical Conference with International Participation]. Moscow, NIISF Publ., 2006, pp. 134—139. (In Russian)
  13. Semenov V.S., Rozovskaya T.A. Povyshenie energoeffektivnosti ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy s primeneniem oblegchennykh kladochnykh rastvorov [Raising Energy Efficiency of Enveloping Structures Using Light Masonry Mortars]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2015, no. 6, pp. 16—19. (In Russian)
  14. Semenov V.S., Rozovskaya T.A., Oreshkin D.V. Energoeffektivnye sukhie kladochnye smesi na osnove polykh mikrosfer [Energy Efficient Dry Masonry Mortars Based on Hollow Microspheres]. Beton i zhelezobeton — vzglyad v budushchee : sbornik nauchnykh trudov III Vserossiyskoy (II Mezhdunarodnoy) konferentsii (g. Moskva, 12—16 maya 2014 g.) [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete — Glance into Future : Collection of Scientific Works of the 3rd All-Russian (2nd International) Conference (Moscow, May 12—16, 2014)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2014, pp. 344—352. (In Russian)
  15. Trofimov B.Ya., Akhtyamov R.Ya., Akhmed’yanov R.M. Teploizolyatsionnye shtukaturnye rastvory s vermikulitovym zapolnitelem [Thermal Insulating Plaster Mortars with Vermiculite Filler]. Tsement i ego primenenie [Concrete and its Use]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 16—19. (In Russian)
  16. Akhtyamov R.Ya., Akhmed’yanov R.M., Trofimov B.Ya. Legkie stroitel’nye shtukaturnye rastvory s vermikulitovym zapolnitelem [Construction Light Plaster Mortars with Vermiculite Filler]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2002, no. 11 (46), pp. 16—17. (In Russian)
  17. Lesovik V.S., Zagorodnyuk L.Kh., Belikov D.A., Shchekina A.Yu., Kuprina A.A. Effektivnye sukhie smesi dlya remontnykh i vosstanovitel’nykh rabot [Efficient Dry Mixes for Repair and Reconstruction Operations]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 82—85. (In Russian)
  18. Natsievskiy S.Yu., Alekseeva L.V. Proizvodstvo sukhikh stroitel’nykh smesey s primeneniem vspuchennogo perlita [Production of Dry Mortars Using Expanded Perlite]. Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi [Dry Mortars]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 26—27. (In Russian)
  19. Mikrosfery steklyannye polye marki MS-VP, MS-VP-A9, MS-V : TU 6-48-91-92 [Glass Hollow Microspheres of the Grades MS-VP, MS-VP-A9, MS-V : TU 6-48-91-92]. Moscow,1995, 6 p. (In Russian)

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

ECONOMIC AND INFORMATIONAL SYSTEM OF MONITORING THE PRODUCTION RESOURCES OF THE NEW GENERATION

  • Silka Dmitriy Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-106

Monitoring of production resources is a large-scale and complicated measure, the results of which are necessary for the state and for private entrepreneurs. There are many approaches to conducting such a monitoring, which firstly base on the information request from the suppliers of the resources by governmental bodies. The authors offer a new approach to data collection, which takes into account the technical achievements of the Russian economy. The main instrument of this approach is geoinformation technologies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.93-106

References
  1. Yas’kova N.Yu. Perspektivy razvitiya stroitel’stva v otraslevom formate [Development Prospects of the Construction Industry in the Branch Form]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. Irkutsk, 2014, no. 2 (85), pp. 233—236. (In Russian)
  2. Kolmykova T.S. Strategicheskie podkhody k prodvizheniyu investitsionnykh vozmozhnostey regiona v razvitii promyshlennogo kompleksa [Strategic Approaches to Promotion of Investment Possibilities of a Region in Industrial Complex Development]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2013, no. 35, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  3. Kolmykova T.S. Mnogotselevoy kharakter strukturnoinvestitsionnykh preobrazovaniy ekonomiki [Multipurpose Character of Structure-Investment Changes of the Economy]. Mikroekonomika [Microeconomy]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 82—85. (In Russian)
  4. Kolmykova T.S. Organizatsionno-ekonomicheskiy mekhanizm strukturnykh preobrazovaniy ekonomiki [Organizational and Economical Mechanism of Structural Tansformations in the Economy]. Kursk, 2010, 200 p. (In Russian)
  5. Verstina N.G., Taskaeva N.N., Akimova E.M. Planirovanie resursnogo obespecheniya investitsiy v ob”ekty gorodskoy nedvizhimosti [Planning of Resource Support of Investment into the City Real Estate Objects]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Enterprenership]. 2013, no. 12—2 (41—2), pp. 285—290. (In Russian)
  6. Yas’kova N.Yu. Tendentsii razvitiya stroitel’nykh korporatsiy v novykh usloviyakh [Development Trends of Construction Enterprises in New Conditions]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 174—178. (In Russian)
  7. Kankhva V.S. Formirovanie mekhanizma obespecheniya i povysheniya ekonomiche-skoy ustoychivosti [Forming the Mechanism of Providing and Raising Economical Stability]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 161—166. (In Russian)
  8. Didkovskaya O.V., Mamaeva O.A., Spirina E.S. Ekspertiza, proverka, audit stoimosti stroitel’stva: predposylki, iskhodnye dannye i predproverochnyy analiz (chast’ 1) [Expertise, Eamination, Audit Check of the Construction Cost: Prerequisites, Initial Data and Pretest Analysis (part 1)]. Smetno-dogovornaya rabota v stroitel’stve [Estimate and Contract Work in the Construction]. 2014, no. 11, pp. 23—28. (In Russian)
  9. Didkovskaya O.V., Mamaeva O.A., Spirina E.S. Ekspertiza, proverka, audit stoimosti stroitel’stva: predposylki, iskhodnye dannye i predproverochnyy analiz (chast’ 2) [Expertise, Eamination, Audit Check of the Construction Cost: Prerequisites, Initial Data and Pretest Analysis (part 2)]. Smetno-dogovornaya rabota v stroitel’stve [Estimate and Contract Work in the Construction]. 2014, no. 12, pp. 23—28. (In Russian)
  10. Didkovskaya O.V., Il’ina M.V., Mamaeva O.A., Konovalova M.A. Smetnoe tseno-obrazovanie kak osnova formirovaniya stoimosti stroitel’stva [Estimate Cost Formation as the Basis of Construction Cost Formation]. Samara, SGASU Publ., 2012, 192 p. (In Russian)
  11. Alpatskaya I.E. Razvitie mekhanizma realizatsii sotsial’nykh zhilishchnykh programm [Development of the Mechanism of Implementing the Social Housing Programs]. Mikroekonomika [Microeconomy]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 166—168. (In Russian)
  12. Alpatskaya I.E. Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo i stroitel’stvo dokhodnykh domov : Sovershenstvovanie organizatsionno-ekonomicheskogo mekhanizma stroitel’stva i realizatsii dokhodnykh domov v moskovskom regione [State-Private Partnership and Construction of Guest Houses : Improvement of Organizational and Economic Mechanism of the Construction and Implementation of Guest Houses in the Moscow Region]. Rossiyskoe predprinimatel’stvo [Russian Enterprenership]. 2011, no. 11—1, pp. 21—26. (In Russian)
  13. Yas’kova N.Yu. Innovatsionnye metamorfozy investitsionnykh tsiklov [Innovative Metamorphoses of Investment Cycles]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2013, no. 3 (21), pp. 49—59. (In Russian)
  14. Kamenetskii M.I., Yas’kova N.Y. Administrative Resources as a Factor in Improving the Efficiency of the State Administration System. Studies on Russian Economic Development. 2015, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 124—131. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1075700715020057.
  15. Silka D.N. Metodologiya sozdaniya mekhanizma effektivnogo upravleniya tsiklom delovoy aktivnosti v stroitel’stve : avtoref. diss. … d-ra ekon. nauk [Methods of Creating the Mechanism of Efficient Business Cycle Control in the Construction : abstract of the dissertation of the Doctor of Economical Sciences]. Moscow, 2014, 42 p. (In Russian)
  16. Silka D.N., Lukmanova I.G., Afanasev A.A., Kasyanov M.A. Synchronization of Processes Related to Economic Activity With Stages of Development of Spatially-Organized Systems. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues. 2015, vol. 5, no. 3S, pp. 121—124.
  17. Silka D.N. On Priority Measures for Creating the Basis for the Development of the Russian Economy. Life Science Journal. 2014, vol. 11, no. 7s, pp. 310—313.
  18. Kablov E. Shestoy tekhnologicheskiy uklad [Sixth Technological Mode]. Nauka i zhizn’ [Science and Life]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  19. Yas’kova N.Yu., Sokolov V.V. Sovershenstvovanie mekhanizma razmeshcheniya gosudarstvennogo stroitel’nogo zakaza v federal’noy kontraktnoy sisteme [Improvement of the Mechanism of placing State Construction Order in Federal Contract System]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 605—609. (In Russian)
  20. Kankhva V.S. Metodicheskie podkhody k otsenke stoimosti i effektivnosti in novatsionnykh proektov v stroitel’stve [Methodological Approaches to Estimation of the Cost and Efficiency of Innovative Projects in the Construction]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2014, no. 5—2 (46—2), pp. 902—905. (In Russian)
  21. Lugovaya V.P., Abdukadyrova Kh.A., Suyunov A.S. Operativnyy kontrol’ kachestva produktsii predpriyatiy stroyindustrii [Operative Control of Production Quality of Construction Industry Enterprises]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 8, pp. 161—170. (In Russian)

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Analysis and estimation of risk management methods

  • Kankhva Vadim Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Efremyan Boris Levonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 107-118

At the present time risk management is an integral part of state policy in all the countries with developed market economy. Companies dealing with consulting services and implementation of the risk management systems carve out a niche. Unfortunately, conscious preventive risk management in Russia is still far from the level of standardized process of a construction company activity, which often leads to scandals and disapproval in case of unprofessional implementation of projects. The authors present the results of the investigation of the modern understanding of the existing methodology classification and offer the authorial concept of classification matrix of risk management methods. Creation of the developed matrix is based on the analysis of the method in the context of incoming and outgoing transformed information, which may include different elements of risk control stages. So the offered approach allows analyzing the possibilities of each method.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.107-118

References
  1. Khokhlov N.V. Upravlenie riskom [Risk Management]. Moscow, YuNITI Publ., 1999, 239 p. (In Russian)
  2. Dmitriev M.V., Koshechkin S.A. Kolichestvennyy analiz riska investitsionnykh proektov [Qualitative Risk Analysis of Investment Projects]. Korporativnyy menedzhment [Corporate Management]. Available at: http://www.cfin.ru/finanalysis/quant_risk.shtml. (In Russian)
  3. Moskvin V.A. Upravlenie riskami pri realizatsii investitsionnykh proektov [Risk Management in the Implementation of Investment Projects]. Moscow, Finansy i statistika Publ., 2004, 350 p. (In Russian)
  4. Girmscheild G. Projektabwicklungin der Bauwirstchaft — Wege zur Win-Win-Situaition für Auftragsnehmer. Berlin, Springer, 2004, 450 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72555-8.
  5. Schnorrenberg U., Goebels G. Risikomanagement in Projekten. Braunschweig, Vieweg, 1999.
  6. Willians T.M. Risk-Management Infrastructures. International Journal of Project Management. 1993, vol. 11(1), pp. 5—10. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0263-7863(93)90003-6.
  7. Lankina S.A. Upravlenie ekonomicheskimi riskami na raznykh stadiyakh investitsionnogo tsikla v stroitel’nom komplekse: dissertatsiya … kandidata ekonomicheskikh nauk [Economical Risk Management on Different Stages of Investment Cycle in the Construction Complex : dissertation of the Candidate of Economical Sciences]. Moscow, 2005, 164 p. (In Russian)
  8. Goncharenko L.P., Filin S.A. Risk-menedzhment [Risk Management]. 3rd edition. Moscow, KnoRus Publ., 2008, 215 p. (In Russian)
  9. Kropotina O.E. Razvitie sistemy upravleniya riskami promyshlennykh predpriyatiy s uchetom ikh otsenki i strakhovaniya: dissertatsiya … kandidata ekonomicheskikh nauk [Development of Risk Management of Industrial Enterprises with Account for Their Estimation and Insurance dissertation of the Candidate of Economical Sciences]. Moscow, 2010, 164 p. (In Russian)
  10. Tsay T.N. Konkurentsiya i upravlenie riskami na predpriyatiyakh v usloviyakh rynka [Competition and Risk Management on Enterprises in Market Conditions]. Moscow, Alans Publ., 1997, 288 p. (In Russian)
  11. Ermasova N.B. Risk-menedzhment organizatsii [Risk Management in a Company]. Moscow, Dashkov i K Publ., 2014, 380 p. (In Russian)
  12. Dorokhina, E.Yu. Metodologiya upravleniya riskami proektno-orientirovannogo predpriyatiya : na primere predpriyatiya stroitel’noy otrosli : dissertatsiya … doktora ekonomicheskikh nauk [Risk Management Methodology of a Project-Oriented Enterprise : on the Example of a Construction Enterprise : dissertation of the Doctor of Economical Sciences]. Saint Petersburg, 2011, 348 p. (In Russian)
  13. Fedos’ina A.V. Metody snizheniya riskov innovatsionnykh protsessov [Risk Mitigation Methods of Innovative Processes]. Aktual’nye problemy menedzhmenta predpriyatiy investitsionno-stroitel’noy sfery: sbornik trudov [Current Problems of Management of the Enterprises of Investment and Construction Sphere : Collection of Works]. Moscow, MGSU, 2010, no. 4, pp. 103—111. (In Russian)
  14. Ivanov N.A., Ivanova M.A. Semanticheskaya set’ kak sposob predstavleniya zapisey o nesootvetstviyakh v sistemakh upravleniya kachestvom [Semantic Net as a Method of Presenting Entries for Nonconformities in Quality Management Systems]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2014, no. 9 (50), pp. 821—823. (In Russian)
  15. Kankhva V.S., Neretin M.V. Klassifikatsiya riskov organizatsiy stroitel’noy otrasli i metody ikh snizheniya [Classification of Risks of Construction Enterprises and Methods of Their Reduction]. Ekonomika i upravlenie narodnym khozyaystvom [Economy and Management of the National Economy]. 2014, no. 1—2, pp. 64—67. (In Russian)
  16. Kankhva V.S., Efremyan B.L. Klassifikatsiya riskov po urovnyam operatsionnogo upravleniya [Risk Classification According to Levels of Operational Management]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2015, no. 12, pp. 295—298. (In Russian)
  17. Panteleeva M.S., Gorobnyak A.A., Borozdina S.M. Otsenka effektivnosti funktsionirovaniya organizatsionnoy struktury marketinga dlya stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Efficiency Estimation of Marketing Structure Organization for a Construction Enterprise]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 6—3 (59—3), pp. 491—496. (In Russian)
  18. Trifonov D.A. Mesto risk-menedzhmenta v obshchey strategii upravleniya bankom [Place of Risk Management in the General Strategy of Bank Management]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 3: Ekonomika. Ekologiya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Global Economic System]. 2010, vol. 3, no. 2, pp.169—173. (In Russian)
  19. Uvarova S.S., Papel’nyuk O.V., Panenkov A.A. Kontseptual’nye i metodicheskie aspekty upravleniya innovatsionnym razvitiem stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya v proektsii teorii organizatsionno-ekonomicheskikh izmeneniy [Conceptual and Methodological Aspects of Innovative Development Management of a Construction Enterprise According to the Theory of Organizational and Economical Changes]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 3—2 (56—2), pp. 809—811. (In Russian)
  20. Silka D.N. Mechanisms to Actuate Growth in Conditions of Stagnation of Russian Economy. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2014, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 148—150. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2014.31.01.14289.

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC CRISIS

  • Nidziy Elena Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 119-129

The construction industry is one of the key fund-creating industries, the formation of the Russian economy greatly depends on it. The construction sector is cyclic, that’s why it has always been sensitive to the tendencies of the national economy. In the contemporary conditions of weak economical climate the construction industry is in a state of sluggish recession. The key indicators exercising restraining influence on the construction complex are analyzed. The author carried out calculations of the prices for residential real estate in the past years. The author’s view on the near-term prospects on the exit from recession state is formulated. From the view of the today’s state and the nearest development prospects, it can be stated that the construction industry is one of the most problematic among the basic economic sectors. Retrieval of the expansion rate of the construction industry is possible in case of the positive changes of general economic state.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.119-129

References
  1. Abramov R.A. K voprosu ob otsenke roli gosudarstva v protsesse razvitiya rynochnoy ekonomiki [To the Problem of Assessing the State Role in the Process of Market Economy Development]. Voprosy upravleniya [Management Issues]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 59—63. (In Russian)
  2. Arsent’eva Yu.A., Baulina O.A., Gavrilko L.V. Perspektivy razvitiya stroitel’noy otrasli v usloviyakh krizisa [Prospects of Construction Industry Development in Crisis Conditions]. NovaInfo.Ru. 2015, no. 33-1, article 11. Available at: http://novainfo.ru/article/3434. Date of access: 02.04.2016. (In Russian)
  3. Efremova V.V., Koroleva A.M. Finansovaya gramotnost’ naseleniya Rossii: problemy i napravleniya povysheniya [Financial Awareness of Russian Citizens: Problems and Directions of Increase]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 1 (54), pp. 95—97. (In Russian)
  4. Silka D.N. Mechanisms to Actuate Growth Drivers in Conditions of Stagnation of Russian Economy. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2014, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 148—150. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2014.31.01.14289. (In Russian)
  5. Rossiyskiy statisticheskiy ezhegodnik [Russian Statistical Yearbook]. 2015, Moscow, 2015, 728 p. (In Russian)
  6. Yas’kova N.Yu. Tendentsii razvitiya stroitel’nykh korporatsiy v novykh usloviyakh [Development Trends of Construction Enterprises in New Conditions]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 174—178. (In Russian)
  7. Fedotova M.A., Sternik G.M. Rynok zhil’ya gorodov Rossii v 2014-2015 godu: turbulentnost’, perekhodyashchaya v retsessiyu [Housing Market of Russian Cities in 2014-2015: Turbulence Transforming into Recession]. Ekspert online [Expert Online]. 23.07.2015. Available at: http://expert.ru/2015/07/23/ryinok-zhilya-gorodov-rossii-v-2014-2015-godu-turbulentnost-perehodyaschaya-v-retsessiyu/. Date of access: 27.03.2016. (In Russian)
  8. Ofitsial’nyy sayt Federal’noy sluzhby gosudarstvennoy registratsii, kadastra i kartografii «Rosreestr» [Official Website of Federal Service for Public Registration, Cadastre and Mapping “Roseestr”]. Available at: www.rosreestr.ru. Date of access: 02.03.2016. (In Russian)
  9. Alpatskaya I.E. Razvitie mekhanizma realizatsii sotsial’nykh zhilishchnykh programm [Development of the Implementation Mechanism of Social Housing Programs]. Mikroekonomika [Microeconomy]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 166—168. (In Russian)
  10. Litvinova S.A. Rol’ ipoteki v preodolenii krizisnykh yavleniy v ekonomike [The Role of Mortgage in Overcoming the Crisis Phenomena in the Economy]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 242—245. (In Russian)
  11. Ofitsial’nyy sayt Agentstva po ipotechnomu zhilishchnomu kreditovaniyu [Official Website of Housing Mortgage Finance Agency]. Available at: http://www.ahml.ru. Date of access: 30.03.2016. (In Russian)
  12. Koroleva A.M. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya rynka ipotechnogo kreditovaniya v Rossii [Contemporary State and Development Prospects of Mortgage Market Development in Russia]. Munitsipal’naya ekonomika i upravlenie [Municipal Economy and Management]. 2015, no. 2, pp. 116—121. (In Russian)
  13. Ofitsial’nyy sayt Reytingovogo agentstva stroitel’nogo kompleksa [Official Website of Rating Agency of the Construction Complex]. Available at: http://www.rask.ru. Date of access: 29.03.2016. (In Russian)
  14. Pershina T.A. Povyshenie energoeffektivnosti deyatel’nosti predpriyatiy stroitel’nogo kompleksa [Raising Energy Efficiency of the Operation of Construction Complex Enterprises]. Nauchnye trudy SWorld [Scientific Works of SWorld]. 2011, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 78—82. (In Russian)
  15. Yas’kova N.Yu. Perspektivy razvitiya stroitel’stva v otraslevom formate [Development Prospects of the Construction Industry in the Branch Form]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. Irkutsk, 2014, no. 2 (85), pp. 233—236. (In Russian)
  16. Ofitsial’nyy sayt Tsentral’nogo banka Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Official Website of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation]. Available at: www.cbr.ru. Date of access: 31.03.2016. (In Russian)
  17. Silka D.N. On Priority Measures for Creating the Basis for the Development of the Russian Economy. Life Science Journal. 2014, vol. 11, no.7s, pp. 310—313.
  18. Kolmykova T.S. Organizatsionno-ekonomicheskiy mekhanizm strukturnykh preobrazovaniy ekonomiki [Organizational and Economical Mechanism of Structural Transformations in the Economy]. Kursk, 2010, 200 p. (In Russian)
  19. Belyaev M.K., Sokolova S.A. Vliyanie realizatsii krupnykh stroitel’nykh proektov na sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie rezul’taty regiona [Influence of Major Construction Projects Implementation on Social and Economical Results of the Region]. Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovaniya [Humanities Scientific Researches]. 2014, no. 11 (39), pp. 215—221. (In Russian)
  20. Selyakhina E.S. Deyatel’nost’ organov gosudarstvennoy vlasti v sfere rossiyskogo zhilishchnogo rynka v usloviyakh mirovogo finansovo-ekonomicheskogo krizisa [Activity of Government Authorities in the Sphere of Russian Residential Market in the Conditions of World Financial and Economic Crisis]. EGO: Ekonomika. Gosudarstvo. Obshchestvo [The Economy. The State. Society]. 2011, no. 1, article. 2. Available at: http://ego.uapa.ru/ru/issue/2011/01/02/. Date of access: 03.04.2016. (In Russian)

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TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

STUDY OF ELECTROSTATIC DISPERSION

  • Mukanov Ruslan Vladimirovich - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU) senior lecturer, Department of Engineering Systems and Ecology, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU), 18 Tatishcheva street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Svintsov Vladimir Yakovlevich - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Systems and Ecology, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU), 18 Tatishcheva street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Derbasova Evgeniya Mikhaylovna - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Engineering Systems and Ecology, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU), 18 Tatishcheva street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130-139

The article deals with the problems of studying the process of dispersing liquid fuel and water-fuel emulsions, in particular the characteristics of the dispersed spray in high-potential electrostatic fields. The paper deals with the development of a research method for disperse characteristics of liquid fuels, in particular, the changes in the diameter of the spray particles of liquid fuels and water-fuel emulsions based on them, depending on the intensity of high-grade electrostatic field. These studies are relevant in the creation of new devices based on new dispersion, which are not currently used for fuel atomization and combustion devices, in particular based on the electrostatic dispersion. The currently available methods for assessing dispersion are based on the evaluation of the particle diameter, which are formed by dispersing (particle breakage) of the liquid fuel. The views expressed in the course of the study suggest that the dependence of the particle diameter from the electrostatic field can be estimated not only in case of the destruction of the particles (dispersion), but also in case of the formation (growth) of drops during the expiration of the capillary. In order to confirm the provisions the authors developed the installation and technique to study the changes in the dispersion in dependence with the voltage value of high potential electrostatic field. The results of experimental studies are presented and experimental graphics are built for F5 bunker fuel and water-oil emulsions with different concentrations based on it. On the basis of the experimental data processed by correlation analysis method the authors obtained the mathematical model of diameter changes of the particles under the influence of an electrostatic field, which corresponds to the theory of electrostatic dispersion. The developed technique greatly simplifies the determination of the disperse characteristics of liquid fuel in case of electro-static dispersion.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.130-139

References
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