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Vestnik MGSU 2016/6

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6

Articles count - 13

Pages - 125

DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF PLAIN GEOGRIDS WITH METAL CORES IN THE STRUCTURES OF REINFORCED GROUND ROAD EMBANKMENTS

  • Gromov Pavel Andreevich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) postgraduate student, Department of Automobile Roads and City Structures, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 82a Svobodny pr., 660041 Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Emel'yanov Ryurik Timofeevich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobile Roads and City Structures, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 82a Svobodny pr., 660041 Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Servatinskiy Vadim Vyacheslavovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Automobile Roads and City Structures, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 82a Svobodny pr., 660041 Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-14

The authors considered the issues of reinforcement of embankments by high-strength geosynthetic materials. It is suggested to use flat geogrid with metal cores as a reinforcement material for constructing reinforced ground supporting walls on automobile and railway roads. The results of calculations of the volumes of horizontal displacements of the front parts of supporting walls are offered. They were obtained as a result of numerical modeling using finite element method.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.7-14

References
  1. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po raschetu i proektirovaniyu armogruntovykh podpornykh sten na avtomobil'nykh dorogakh : ODM 218.2.027—2012 [Methodological Recommendations on the Calculation and Design of Reinforced Soil Supporting Walls on Automobile Roads]. Moscow, 2012, 48 p. (In Russian)
  2. Tyapochkin A.V. Sovershenstvovanie konstruktivno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy armogruntovykh nasypey s podpornymi stenami : avtoreferat dissertatsii … kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Advancing the Construction and Technological Solutions of Reinforced Ground Embankments with Supporting Walls : Abstract of the dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, 2011, 23 p. (In Russian)
  3. Jones C.J.F.P. Earth Reinforcement and Soil Structures. Thomas Telford Publishing, 3rd Revised ed. edition, 1996, 379 p.
  4. Recommendations for Design and Analysis of Earth Structures Using Geosynthetic Reinforcements — EBGEO. German Geotechnical Society (Editor), Alan Johnson (Translator). 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783433600931
  5. Pol'zovatel'skaya biblioteka. Programmnyy kompleks GEO5 [User Library. Software Package GEO5]. Available at: http://www.finesoftware.ru/geotechnical-software. (In Russian)
  6. Tsernant A.A., Kim A.F., Buribekov T. Raschet gruntovykh sooruzheniy, armirovannykh geotekstilem [Calculation of Soil Structures Reinforced by Geofabric]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction and Architecture]. 1987, no. 3, pp. 126—131. (In Russian)
  7. Tsernant A.A., Kim B.K. Raschet armirovaniya massivov grunta s primeneniem MKE i nelineynoy mekhaniki gruntov [Calculation of Soil Reinforcement Using Finite Element Method and Nonlinear Soil Mechanics]. Sovremennye problemy nelineynoy mekhaniki gruntov : tezisy dokladov Vsesoyuznoy konferentsii [Contemporary Issues of Nonlinear Soil Mechanics :Abstracts of the All-Union Conference]. Chelyabinsk, 1985, pp. 170—171. (In Russian)
  8. Semendyaev L.I. Metodika rascheta nasypey, armirovannykh razlichnymi materialami [Methods of Calculating Embankments Reinforced with Different Materials]. Moscow, 2001, 44 p. (In Russian)
  9. Semendyaev L.I., Khusainov I.Zh. Osobennosti ispol'zovaniya ploskikh geosetok i georeshetok v kachestve armoelementov [Features of the Use of Flat Geonets and Geogrids as Reinforcing Materials]. Nauka i tekhnika v dorozhnoy otrasli [Science and Technology in Road Industry]. 2005, no. 3 (34), pp. 25—27. (In Russian)
  10. Seredin A.I. Usilenie i stabilizatsiya ekspluatiruemykh nasypey armogruntom : dissertatsiya… kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Reinforcement and Stabilization of Operating Embankments by Reinforced Ground : dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, 1989, 214 p. (In Russian)
  11. Sokolov A.D. Issledovanie predel'nykh sostoyaniy armogruntovykh konstruktsiy kak osnovaniy ustoev divannogo tipa [Investigation of Limit States of Reinforced Soil Structures as Piers of Coach Type]. Dorogi i mosty : sbornik nauchnykh trudov FAU «RosdorNII» [Roads and Bridges : Collection of Scientific Works of Federal Autonomous Establishment “RosdorNII”]. Moscow, 2006, no. 2, pp. 200—216. (In Russian)
  12. Farrag K., Acar Y.B., Juran I. Pull-Out Resistance of Geogrid Reinforcements. Geotextiles and Geomembranes. 1993, no. 12 (2), pp. 133—159. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0266-1144(93)90003-7.
  13. BS 8006:1995. Code of Practice for Strengthened / Reinforced Soils and Other Fills. 1995, 196 p.
  14. Rukovodstvo po proektirovaniyu armirovannykh podpornykh gruntovykh sten, mostovykh opor, otkosov i nasypey [Design Guidelines for Reinforced Supporting Soil Walls, Bridge Piers, Slopes and Embankments]. Translated from English. Moscow, Tensar Inter-neshnl Publ., 1995, 34 p. (In Russian)
  15. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po primeneniyu geosinteticheskikh materialov v dorozhnom stroitel'stve [Methodological Recommendations on the Use of Geosynthetic Materials in Road Construction]. Translated from German. Moscow, MADI (GTU) Publ., 2001, 100 p. (In Russian)
  16. Zhornyak S.G., Kanaev E.B., Chernov K.Yu., Sakun B.V., Akimov-Peretts I.D. Patent 2276230 RU, MPK E02D 17/18, E02D 29/02, E01D 19/02. Dorozhnaya nasyp' s podpornoy stenkoy, sposob ee sooruzheniya i zhelezobetonnyy blok dlya podpornoy stenki [Patent 2276230 RU, MPK E02D 17/18, E02D 29/02, E01D 19/02. Road Embankment with a Supporting Wall, Method of Its Construction and Reinforced Concrete Block for the Supporting Wall]. No. 2004135893/03; appl. 08.12.2004 ; publ. 10.05.2006. Patent holder JSC TsNIIS. Bulletin no. 13 (In Russian)
  17. Kostousov A.N. Sovershenstvovanie metodiki rascheta armogruntovykh sten dlya usileniya zemlyanogo polotna : avtoreferat dissertatsii … kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Advancing the Calculation Method of Reinforced Ground Walls for Strengthening the Earth Work : Abstract of the dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, 2015, 24 p. (In Russian)
  18. Bugrov A.K. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie osnovaniy i zemlyanykh sooruzheniy s oblastyami predel'nogo ravnovesiya grunta: dissertatsiya … doktora tekhnicheskikh nauk [Stress-Strain State of Foundations and Soil Structures with the Areas of Limit Equilibrium of Soil : dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences]. Saint Petersburg, 1980, 385 p. (In Russian)
  19. Budin A.Ya. Tonkie podpornye stenki [Thin Supporting Walls]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1974, 191 p. (In Russian)
  20. Proektirovanie podpornykh sten i sten podvalov [Design of Supporting Walls and Walls of Basements]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 104 p. (Spravochnoe posobie k SNiP [Reference Book to Sanitary Rules SNiP]). (In Russian)

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CAISSON TYPE HOLLOW FLOOR SLABS OF MONOLITHIC MULTI-STOREYED BUILDINGS

  • Malakhova Anna Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural and Structural Design, Department of Reinforced Concrete Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 15-24

One of the disadvantages of building structures made of reinforced concrete is their considerable weight. One of the trends to decrease the weight of concrete structures, including floor slabs, is the arrangement of voids in the cross-sectional building structures. In Russian and foreign practice paper, cardboard and plastic tubes has been used for creation of voids in the construction of monolithic floor slabs. Lightweight concretes were also used for production of precast hollow core floor slabs. The article provides constructive solutions of precast hollow core floor slabs and solid monolithic slabs that were used in the construction of buildings before wide use of large precast hollow core floor slabs. The article considers the application of caisson hollow core floor slabs for modern monolithic multi-storeyed buildings. The design solutions of such floor slabs, experimental investigations and computer modeling of their operation under load were described in this article. The comparative analysis of the calculation results of computer models of a hollow slabs formed of rod or plastic elements showed the similarity of calculation results.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.15-24

References
  1. Folomeev A.A. Snizhenie materialoemkosti zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Decrease of Materials Consumption of Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1974, 66 p. (In Russian)
  2. Pasternak P.L., Mar’yasina I.E. Zhelezobetonnye chastorebristye perekrytiya i nastily [Ribbed Reinforced Concrete Floor Slabs and Decks]. Moscow, Mashstroyizdat Publ., 1950, 144 p. (In Russian)
  3. Al’bom usovershenstvovannykh zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy dlya kapital’nogo remonta zhilykh domov [The Album of Advanced Reinforced Concrete Structures for the Major Repairs of Residential Buildings]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 302 p. (In Russian)
  4. Abasheva L.P., Tonkov I.L., Tonkov Yu.L. Opyt ob”emnogo modelirovaniya mnogopustotnykh zhelezobetonnykh plit perekrytiya pri reshenii nestandartnoy zadachi [The Experience of Three-Dimensional Modeling of Hollow Core Reinforced Concrete Floor Slabs for Solving Nonstandard Problems]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 7 (2), pp. 27—29. (In Russian)
  5. Baykov V.N., Bedov A.I., Frolov A.K. Effekt krutyashchikh momentov i rasporov v zhelezobetonnykh plitakh, opertykh po konturu [The Effect of Torques and Outward Thrusts in Reinforced Concrete Floor Slabs Supported on the Contour]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Analysis of Constructions]. 1992, no. 3, pp. 41—48. (In Russian)
  6. Vakhnenko P.F., editor. Raschet i konstruirovanie chastey zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy. Spravochnik proektirovshchika [The Design and Calculation of the Parts of Residential and Public Buildings. Designer’s Reference Book]. Kiev, Budіvel’nik Publ., 1987, 424 p. (In Russian)
  7. Dykhovichnyy Yu.A., editor. Zhilye i obshchestvennye zdaniya. Kratkiy spravochnik inzhenera-konstruktora [Residential and Public Buildings. Brief Reference Book for Design Engineers]. 3rd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1991, 655 p. (In Russian)
  8. Golovin N.G., Plotnikov A.I. Raschet perekrestno-rebristykh perekrytiy metodom predel’nogo ravnovesiya s uchetom pereraspredeleniya usiliy [Calculation of Cross-Ribbed Floor Slabs by the Method of Limit Equilibrium Taking into Account the Redistribution of Efforts]. Arkhitektura. Stroitel’stvo. Obrazovanie: materialy regional’noy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 35-letiyu obrazovaniya stroitel’nogo fakul’teta [Architecture. Construction. Education: Proceedings of the Regional Conference Dedicated to the 35th Anniversary of Construction Faculty Foundation]. Cheboksary, Chuvashskiy universitet Publ., 2013, pp. 6—17. (In Russian)
  9. Golovin N.G., Plotnikov A.I. Raschet perekrestno-rebristykh perekrytiy s uchetom fizicheskoy nelineynosti [Calculation of Cross-Ribbed Floor Slabs Considering Physical Nonlinearity]. Beton i zhelezobeton — vzglyad v budushchee : nauchnye trudy III Vserossiyskoy (II Mezhdunarodnoy) konferentsii po betonu i zhelezobetonu: v semi tomakh (g. Moskva, 12—16 maya 2014 g.) [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete — Glance into the Future. Scientific Works of the 3rd All-Russian (2nd International) Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete in Seven Volumes (Moscow, May 12—16, 2014]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2014, vol. 1. Teoriya zhelezobetona. Zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii. Raschet i konstruirovanie [The Theory of Reinforced Concrete. Reinforced Concrete Constructions. Calculation and Design], pp. 234—244. (In Russian)
  10. Kumpyak O.G., Galyautdinov Z.R., Maksimov V.B. Issledovanie zhelezobetonnykh plit, opertykh po konturu na zhestkie i podatlivye opory, pri kratkovremennom dinamicheskom nagruzhenii [Investigation of Reinforced Concrete Floor Slabs Supported on the Contour by Rigid and Pliant Supports at Short Dynamic Loading]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2013, no. 1 (38), pp. 69—76. (In Russian)
  11. Malakhova A.N. Monolitnye kessonnye perekrytiya zdaniy [Monolithic Waffle Slab Floors of Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 79—86. (In Russian)
  12. Sagadaev R.A. Sovremennye metody vozvedeniya monolitnykh i sborno-monolitnykh perekrytiy [Modern Methods of Constructing Monolithic and Precast-Monolithic Floor Slabs]. Moscow, GOU DPO GASIS Publ., 2008, 35 p. (In Russian)
  13. Shmukler V.S. Effektivnaya sistema oblegchennykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov [An Effective System of Reducing the Weight of Reinforced Concrete Elements]. Beton i zhelezobeton — vzglyad v budushchee : nauchnye trudy III Vserossiyskoy (II Mezhdunarodnoy) konferentsii po betonu i zhelezobetonu: v semi tomakh (g. Moskva, 12—16 maya 2014 g.) [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete — Glance into the Future. Scientific Works of the 3rd All-Russian (2nd International) Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete in Seven Volumes (Moscow, May 12—16, 2014]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2014, vol. 2: Bezopasnost’ zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy pri osobykh prirodnykh i tekhnogennykh vozdeystviyakh. Opyt stroitel’stva zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Monitoring sostoyaniya konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Safety of Reinforced Concrete Structures under Special Natural and Man-Made Loads. Experience of the Construction of Buildings And Structures. Condition Monitoring of the Constructions of Buildings and Structures], pp. 346—356. (In Russian)
  14. Granovskiy A.V., Chupanov M.R. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya nesushchey sposobnosti plit perekrytiy kessonnogo tipa [Experimental Investigations of Bearing Capacity of Caisson Type Floor Slabs]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 5, pp. 43—48. (In Russian)
  15. Schnellenbach-Held M., Pfeffer K. Tragverhalten zweiachsiger Hohlkörperdecken. Beton- und Stahlbetonbau. 2001, vol. 96, no. 9, pp. 573—578. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/best.200100720.
  16. Hegger J., Roeser W. Gutachten zur Querkrafttragfähigkeit von Stahlbetondecken mit Cobiax-Hohlkörpern. Hegger+Partner, Aachen, 2008.
  17. Abramski M., Albert A., Pfeffer R., Schnel J. Experimentelle und numerische Untersuchungen zum Tragverhalten von Stahlbetondecken mit kugelförmigen Hohlkörpern. Beton- und Stahlbetonbau. 2010, vol. 105, no. 6, pp. 349—361. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/best.201000031.
  18. Abramski M., Albert A., Pfeffer R., Schnel J. Stahlbetondecken mit kugelförmigen Hohlkörpern. Überprüfung der Scher- und Verwindungssteifigkeit. Betonwerk und fertigteil-technik, Bauverlag BV Gmbh. 2011, 106, Helf 2, pp. 182—184.
  19. Abramski M., Albert A., Pfeffer R., Schnel J. Bemessung und Konstruktion von zweiachsig gespannten Stahlbetondecken mit abgeflachten rotationssymmetrischen Hohlkörpern. Beton- und Stahlbetonbau. September 2012, vol. 107, no. 9, pp. 590—600. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/best.201200027.
  20. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp’yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [The Computer Models of Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 357 p. (In Russian)

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CALCULATION OF THE UNIQUE HIGH-RISE BUILDING FOR EARTHQUAKES IN NONLINEAR DYNAMIC FORMULATION

  • Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, head, Scientific Laboratory of Reliability and Seismic Resistance of Structures, Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Andreev Mikhail Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Institute of Fundamental Education, engineer, Scientific Laboratory of Reliability and Seismic Resistance of Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 25-33

The article contains the calculation of a 80-storey high-rise building on 3-component accelerograms with different dominant frequencies. The “Akhmat Tower” belongs to the complex “Grozny-city 2” and is classified as a unique construction, its height is 400 m. During the construction unique high-rise buildings and high-rise buildings in seismic areas an additional computational studies are required, which should take into account the nonlinear nature of the design. For the case of linear instrumental-synthesized accelerograms, it is necessary to apply nonlinear dynamic methods. The studies were conducted using the software LS-DYNA, implementing the methods of direct integration of the equations of motion by the explicit scheme. The constructive scheme of the building frame is braced, the spatial stability is ensured by load-bearing interior walls, columns and hard disks, and frame metal coatings. The choice of the type and dimensions of the finite element and the step of integration is due to the ability to perform calculations in reasonable time, and to the required accuracy of calculation. For this aim the issues of convergence of the solutions on a number of settlement schemes were investigated with the terms of thickened mesh of finite elements: 0.5 m; 1 m; 2 m; 3 m. As a result of the research it was obtained that the best is to split into finite elements with a characteristic size of 2 m. The calculation of the building is made on rigid foundation. The authors used accelerograms normalized for earthquakes of 8 and 9 points on the MSK-64 scale. The destruction of the elements in the process of loading, and the interaction of the elements during their contact was taken into account, i.e. the calculation was made taking into account physical, geometrical and structural nonlinearities. The article analyzes the results of the calculation. The authors evaluated the seismic stability of the building. Possible ways to improve the seismic resistance of the building are suggested.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.25-33

References
  1. Dzhinchvelashvili G.A., Bulushev S.V. Kolebaniya vysotnykh zdaniy pri seysmicheskom vozdeystvii s uchetom fizicheskoy i geometricheskoy nelineynosti [Oscillations of high-rise buildings under seismic influence considering physical and geometric nonlinearity]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2014. no. 2, paper 1. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru. (In Russian)
  2. Mkrtychev O.V., Dzhinchvelashvili G.A. Raschet zhelezobetonnogo monolitnogo zdaniya na zemletryasenie v nelineynoy postanovke [Calculation of Reinforced Concrete Monolityc Building foe Earthquakes in Nonlinear Formulation]. Sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-metodicheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya V.N. Baykova (g. Moskva, 4—5 aprelya 2012 g.) [Collection of Papers of International Research and Methodology Conference Dedicated to 100th Anniversary of V.N. Baykov (Moscow, April 4—5, 2012)]. Moscow, 2012, pp. 283—289. (In Russian)
  3. Andreeva P.I., Koval’chuk O.A. Sravnitel’nyy analiz rezul’tatov eksperimental’nykh naturnykh dinamicheskikh issledovaniy i rascheta dinamicheskikh kharakteristik vysotnogo zhilogo zdaniya [Comparative Analysis of the Results of Experimental Field Dynamic Investigations and Calculation of Dynamic Characteristics of a High-Rise Residential Building]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2012, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 13—18. (In Russian)
  4. Mkrtychev O.V., Mkrtychev A.E. Raschet bol’sheproletnykh i vysotnykh sooruzheniy na ustoychivost’ k progressiruyushchemu obrusheniyu pri seysmicheskikh i avariynykh vozdeystviyakh v nelineynoy dinamicheskoy postanovke [Stability Calculation of Large-Span High-rise Structures for Progressive Collapse in Case of Seismic Emergency Loads in Nonlinear Dynamic Formulation]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 43—49. (In Russian)
  5. Andreeva P.I. Sravnitel’nyy analiz metodov rascheta na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya [Comparative Analysis of Calculation Methods of Seismic Impacts]. Stroitel’stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel’nosti : sbornik trudov XVII Mezhdunarodnoy Mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov i molodukh uchenykh (g. Moskva, 23—25 aprelya 2014 g.) [Construction — Formation of Living Environment : Collection of Works of the 17th International Interuniversity Science and Practice Conference of students, Master students, postgraduate students and young scientists (Moscow, April 23—25, 2014). Pp. 489—492. (In Russian)
  6. Trifonov O.V. Modelirovanie dinamicheskoy reaktsii konstruktsiy pri dvukhkomponentnykh seysmicheskikh vozdeystviyakh [Simulating the Dynamic Response of Structures in Case of Two-Component Seismic Effects]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Earthquake Engineering. Constructions Safety]. 2000, no. 1, pp. 42—45. (In Russian)
  7. Sanaz Rezaeian, Armen Der Kiureghian. Simulation of Synthetic Ground Motions for Specified Earthquake and Site Characteristics. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2010, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1155—1180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eqe.997.
  8. Soize C. Information Theory for Generation of Accelerograms Associated with Shock Response Spectra. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering. 2010, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 334—347. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8667.2009.00643.x.
  9. Zentner I. Simulation of Non-Stationary Conditional Ground Motion Fields in the Time Domain. Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geo-hazards. 2013, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 37—48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17499518.2013.763572.
  10. Tamrazyan A.G., Tomilin V.A. Nesushchaya sposobnost’ konstruktsiy vysotnykh zdaniy pri lokal’nykh izmeneniyakh fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materialov [Bearing Capacity of High-Rise Building Structures in Case of Local Changes of Physical and Mechanical Characteristics of the Materials]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 24—25. (In Russian)
  11. Ayzenberg Ya.M., Smirnov V.I., Akbiev R.T. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po proektirovaniyu seysmoizolyatsii s primeneniem rezinometallicheskikh opor [Methodological recommendations on the Design of Seismic Isolation Using Metal-Rubber Supports]. Moscow, RASS Publ., 2008, 46 p. (In Russian)
  12. Koval’chuk O.A., Zubkov D.A., Andreeva P.I. Issledovanie effektivnosti re'zino-metallicheskikh vibroizolyatorov firmy «Vibroseysmozashchita» primenitel›no k karkasnym zdaniyam, vozvedennym vblizi tonneley metro melkogo zalozheniya [Investigation of the Efficiency of Metal-Rubber Vibration Isolators of “Vibroseysmozashchita” Company for Frame Buildings Built near the Subsurface Tunnels of Subway]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 335—340. (In Russian)
  13. Mkrtychev O.V., Bunov A.A. Sravnitel’nyy analiz reaktsiy mnogoetazhnykh zhe-lezobetonnykh zdaniy s sistemoy seysmoizolyatsii i bez nee na seysmicheskoe vozdeystvie [Comparative Analysis of the Reactions of Multistoreyed Buildings with Seismic Isolation System and without it on Seismic Effect]. 21 vek: fundamental’naya nauka i tekhnologiya : materialy III Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [21st Century: Fundamental Science and Technology: Materials of the 3rd International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, 2014, vol. 3, pp. 122—126. (In Russian)
  14. Rumyantsev E.V., Belugina E.A. Modelirovanie konstruktsiy zheleznodorozhnogo terminala stantsii Adler s uchetom sistemy seysmoizolyatsii [Modeling Structures of Railway Terminal of Adler Station with Account for the System of Seismic Isolation]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2012, no. 1 (27), pp. 22—30. (In Russian)
  15. Andreev V.I., Dzhinchvelashvili G.A., Kolesnikov A.V. Raschet zdaniy i sooruzheniy na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya s uchetom nelineynykh effektov [Calculation of Seismic Actions on Buildings and Structures with Account of Nonlinear Effects]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 33—35. (In Russian)
  16. Dzhinchvelashvili G.A., Kolesnikov A.V., Zaalishvili V.B., Godustov I.S. Perspektivy razvitiya sistem seysmoizolyatsii sovremennykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Prospects of the Development of the Systems of Seismic Isolation of Modern Buildings and Structures]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Earthquake Engineering. Constructions Safety]. 2009, no. 6, pp. 27—31. (In Russian)

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BEDDINGS AND FOUNDATIONS, SUBTERRANEAN STRUCTURES. SOIL MECHANICS

FORECASTING PILE SETTLEMENT ON CLAYSTONE USING NUMERICAL AND ANALYTICAL METHODS

  • Ponomarev Andrey Budimirovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Construction Operations and Geotechnology, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sychkina Evgeniya Nikolaevna - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candodate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Operations and Geotechnology, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Volgareva Nadezhda Leonidovna - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Master student, Department of Construction Operations and Geotechnology, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 34-45

In the article the problem of designing pile foundations on claystones is reviewed. The purpose of this paper is comparative analysis of the analytical and numerical methods for forecasting the settlement of piles on claystones. The following tasks were solved during the study: 1) The existing researches of pile settlement are analyzed; 2) The characteristics of experimental studies and the parameters for numerical modeling are presented, methods of field research of single piles’ operation are described; 3) Calculation of single pile settlement is performed using numerical methods in the software package Plaxis 2D and analytical method according to the requirements SP 24.13330.2011; 4) Experimental data is compared with the results of analytical and numerical calculations; 5) Basing on these results recommendations for forecasting pile settlement on claystone are presented. Much attention is paid to the calculation of pile settlement considering the impacted areas in ground space beside pile and the comparison with the results of field experiments. Basing on the obtained results, for the prediction of settlement of single pile on claystone the authors recommend using the analytical method considered in SP 24.13330.2011 with account for the impacted areas in ground space beside driven pile. In the case of forecasting the settlement of single pile on claystone by numerical methods in Plaxis 2D the authors recommend using the Hardening Soil model considering the impacted areas in ground space beside the driven pile. The analyses of the results and calculations are presented for examination and verification; therefore it is necessary to continue the research work of deep foundation at another experimental sites to improve the reliability of the calculation of pile foundation settlement. The work is of great interest for geotechnical engineers engaged in research, design and construction of pile foundations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.34-45

References
  1. Ponomarev A.B., Sychkina E.N. Prognoz osadki svaynykh fundamentov na argillitopodobnykh glinakh (na primere Permskogo regiona) [Forecast of Pile Foundations Settlement at Claystones (on the Example of the Perm Region)]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Bases, Foundations and Soil Mechanics]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 20—24. (In Russian)
  2. Khmelevtsov A.A. Argillitopodobnye gliny v rayone Bol’shogo Sochi i ikh fiziko-mekhanicheskie kharakteristiki [Claystones in the Bolshoy Sochi and Their Physical and Mechanical Properties]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Severo-Kavkazskiy region. Estestvennye nauki [Proceedings of the Higher Educational Institutions. North-Caucasian Region. Natural Sciences]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 77—79. (In Russian)
  3. Bond A.J., Jardine R.J. Effects of Installing Displacement Piles in High OCR Clay. Geotechnique. 1991, no. 41 (3), pp. 341—363. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.1991.41.3.341.
  4. Cooke R.W., Price G., Tarr K. Jacked Piles in London Clay: A Study of Load Transfer and Settlement Under Working Conditions. Geotechnique. 1979, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 113—147. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.1979.29.2.113.
  5. Salager S., Francois B., Nuth M., Laloui L. Constitutive Analysis of the Mechanical Anisotropy of Opalinus Clay. Acta Geotechnica. 2013, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 137—154. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11440-012-0187-2.
  6. Nishimura S., Minh N.A., Jardine R.J. Shear Strength Anisotropy of Natural London Clay. Geotechnique. 2007, no. 57 (1), pp. 49—62. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.2007.57.1.49.
  7. De Ruiter J., Beringen F.L. Pile Foundations for Large North Sea Structures. Marine Geotechnology. 1979, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 267—314. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 10641197909379805.
  8. Lehane B.M., Jardine R.J. Displacement Pile Behaviour in Glacial Clay. Canadian Geotechnial Journal. 1994, no. 31 (1), pp. 79—90. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t94-009.
  9. Matsumoto T., Michi Y., Hirano T. Performance of Axially Loaded Steel Pipe Piles Driven in Soft Rock. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. 1995, no. 121 (4), pp. 305—315. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1995)121:4(305).
  10. Trofimov V.T., Korolev V.A., Voznesenskiy E.A., Ziangirov R.S. Gruntovedenie [Soil Science]. 6-th edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2005, 1023 p. (In Russian)
  11. Zhang C.L., Wieczorek K., Xie M.L. Swelling Experiments on Mudstones. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. 2010, no. 2 (1), pp. 44—51. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1235.2010.00044.
  12. Zhang F., Xie S.Y., Hu D.W., Shao J.F., Gatmiri B. Effect of Water Content and Structural Anisotropy on Mechanical Property of Claystone. Applied Clay Science. 2012, no. 69, pp. 79—86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2012.09.024.
  13. Bartolomey A.A., Omel’chak I.M., Yushkov B.S. Prognoz osadok svaynykh fundamentov [Forecast of Pile Foundation Settlement]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1994, 380 p. (In Russian)
  14. Ter-Martirosyan A.Z., Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Trinh Tuan Viet, Luzin I.N. Osadka i nesushchaya sposobnost’ dlinnoy svai [Settlement and Bearing Capacity of Long Pile]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 5, pp. 52—60. (In Russian)
  15. Lushnikov V.V., Yardyakov A.S. Analiz raschetov osadok v nelineynoy stadii raboty grunta [Analysis of Settlement Calculation in Nonlinear Stage of Soil Opeation]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of PNRPU. Construction and Architecture]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 44—55. (In Russian)
  16. Azzouz A.S., Morrison M.J. Field Measurements on Model Pile in Two Clay Deposits. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 1988, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 104—121. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1988)114:1(104).
  17. Bensallam S., Bahi L., Ejjaaouani H., Shakhirev V., Rkha Chaham K. Clay Soil Settlement: In-Situ Experimentation and Analytical Approach. Soils and Foundations. 2014, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 109—115. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sandf.2014.02.003.
  18. Fattah M.Y., Shlash K.T., Al-Soud Madhat S.M. Pile-Clayey Soil Interaction Analysis by Boundary Element Method. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. 2012, no. 4 (1), pp. 28—43. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1235.2012.00028.
  19. Gavin K., Gallagher D., Doherty P., McCabe B. Field Investigation Assessing the Effect of Installation Method on the Shaft Resistance of Piles in Clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 2010, no. 47 (7), pp. 730—741. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T09-146.
  20. Kattsenbakh R. Poslednie dostizheniya v oblasti fundamentostroeniya vysotnykh zdaniy na szhimaemom osnovaniy [Recent Advances in the Field of Construction of High-Rise Buildings Foundations on Compressible Grounds]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 105—118. (In Russian)
  21. Meyerhof G.G. Bearing Capacity and Settlement of Pile Foundations. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 1976, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 195—228.
  22. Randolph M.F., Carter J.P., Wroth C.P. Driven Piles in Clay — The Effects of Installation and Subsequent Consolidation. Geotechnique. 1979, no. 29 (4), pp. 361—393. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.1979.29.4.361.
  23. Suzuki M., Fujimoto T., Taguchi T. Peak and Residual Strength Characteristics of Cement-Treated Soil Cured Under Different Consolidation Conditions. Soils and Foundations. 2014, no. 54 (4), pp. 687—698. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sandf.2014.06.023.
  24. Ponomaryov A., Sychkina E. Analysis of Strain Anisotropy and Hydroscopic Property of Clay and Claystone. Applied Clay Science. 2015, vol. 114, pp. 161—169. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2015.05.023.

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TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

ENSURING THE ERGONOMIC PRINCIPLES OF SAFETY OF MACHINISTS’ ACTIVITY

  • Tuskaeva Zalina Ruslanovna - North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University) (NCIMM (STU)) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Construction Industry, North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University) (NCIMM (STU)), 44 Nikolaeva st., Vladikavkaz, 362021, Russian Federation.

Pages 46-55

The problem of increasing the efficiency of the use of road construction machinery and the creation of the conditions for safe operation of machinists requires a comprehensive assessment of the production environment, taking into account the requirements of ergonomics. the results of scientific research in the field of mechanical engineering do not provide a general solution to the problem in the system “machine operator-machine-environment”, although the works of many scientists and scientists-operatives are devoted to the assessment of road-building machinery. unfortunately, the results of many authors are not still enough to comprehensively assess the working environment of operators. and in terms of construction, which supposes complex production and technical facilities, this problem becomes more acute. the main goal of ergonomics is to provide scientific management of labor, and the main task is the development of a productive, comfortable and effective human activity in the conditions of modern production. as a part of the entire national economy it can provide tangible economic benefits.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.46-55

References
  1. Materialy zasedaniya komissii TsK profsoyuza po zashchite prav i interesov mekhanizatorov (pis’mo ot 13.10.92 g. № 4 — 3/598) [Meeting Materials of the Central Committee of the Trade Union to Protect the Rights and Interests of Machine Operators (Letter Dated 10.13.92, no. 4 — 3/598). (In Russian)
  2. Woodson Wesley, Conover Donald W. Human Engineering Guide for Equipment Designers. Univ of California Pr; 2nd Rev edition, 1965), 484 p.
  3. Zorin V.A., Daugello V.A. Bezopasnost’ dorozhno-stroitel’nykh mashin i oborudovaniya [Safety of Road-Building Machinery and Equipment]. Moscow, MADI Publ., 2013, 192 p. (In Russian)
  4. Munipov V.M., Zinchenko V.P. Ergonomika: chelovekoorientirovannoe proekti-rovanie tekhniki, programmnykh sredstv i sredy [Ergonomics: Human-Oriented Design of Technology, Software and Environment]. Moscow, Logos Publ., 2001, 356 p. (In Russian)
  5. Munipov V.M., Alekseev I.G., Semenov I.N. Stanovlenie ergonomiki kak nauchnoy distsipliny [Formation of Ergonomics as a Scientific Dicipline]. Ergonomika. Trudy VNIITE : sbornik [Ergonomics. Proceedings of VNIITE]. Moscow, 1979, no. 17, pp. 28—67. (In Russian)
  6. Munipov V.M., Zinchenko V.P. Chelovecheskiy faktor v sovremennoy tekhnike [The Human Factor in Modern Technology]. Voprosy filosofii [Problems of Philosophy]. 1972, no. 11, pp. 43—55. (In Russian)
  7. Chapanis A. Human Factors in Systems Engineering. Systems Psychology. N.Y., 1970, pp. 51—78.
  8. Hunt D.P., Howell W.C., Roscoe S.N. Educational Programs for Engineering Psychologist: That Depends a Good Deal on Where You Want to Get to. Human Factors. 1972, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 77—81. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/001872087201400112.
  9. Ekologiya. Risk. Bezopasnost’ : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (20—21 oktyabrya 2010 g.) : pamyati professora, zaveduyushchego kafedroy «Ekologiya i bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti» Anatoliya Pavlovicha Kuz'mina [Environment. risk. Security. Proceedings of the international scientific-practical conference (October 20—21, 2010) : in Memory of Professor, chair of the Department “Ecology and Emergency Management” Anatoliy Pavlovich Kuz’min]. In 2 volumes Kurgan, Kurganskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet Publ., 2010, vol. 1, 191 p. (In Russian)
  10. GOST 30.001—83. Sistema standartov ergonomiki i tekhnicheskoy estetiki [State Standard GOST 30.001—83. System of Standards of Ergonomics and Technical Esthetics]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo standartov Publ., 1983, 5 p. (In Russian)
  11. GOST 12.2.011—2003. Mashiny stroitel’nye i dorozhnye. Obshchie trebovaniya bezopasnosti [State Standard GOST 12.2.011—2003. Construction and Road Machinery. General Safety Requirements]. (In Russian)
  12. GOST 12.2.120—88. Kabiny i rabochie mesta operatorov, samokhodnykh stroi-tel’no-dorozhnykh mashin, odnoosnykh tyagachey, kar’ernykh samosvalov i samokhodnykh sel’skokhozyaystvennykh mashin. Obshchie trebovaniya bezopasnosti [State Standard GOST 12.2.120—88. Cabins and Working Places of Operators of Self-Propelled Road-Building Machinery, Two-Wheeled Power Units, Mine Trucks and Self-Propelled Agricultural Machines. General Safety Requirements]. (In Russian)
  13. GOST 27928—88. Mashiny zemleroynye. Ekspluatatsiya i obsluzhivanie. Obuchenie mekhanikov [State Standard GOST 27928—88. Earth-Moving Machinery. Operation and Maintenance. Education of Machine Operators]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo standartov Publ., 1989, 18 p. (In Russian)
  14. GOST 27250—87. Mashiny zemleroynye. Antropometricheskie dannye operatorov i minimal’noe rabochee prostranstvo vokrug operatora [State Standard GOST 27250—87. Earth-Moving Machinery. Anthropometric Data on Operators and Minimal Working Space around the Operator]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo standartov Publ., 1998, 9 p. (In Russian)
  15. Repin S.V., Savel’ev A.V. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’nykh rabot i problemy, svyazannye s ispol’zovaniem stroitel’noy tekhniki [Mechanization of Construction Works and Problems Related to the Use of Construction Equipment]. Stroitel’naya tekhnika [Construction Equipment and Technologies]. 2006, pp. 31—35. (In Russian)
  16. Tuskaeva Z.R. Tekhnicheskaya osnashchennost’ v stroitel’stve: problemy i puti sovershenstvovaniya [Technical Eguipment in the Construction: Problems and Ways to Improve]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 11, pp. 90—100. (In Russian)
  17. Tuskaeva Z.R. Strategicheskoe planirovanie kak klyuchevoy faktor povysheniya osnashchennosti stroitel’noy tekhnikoy [Strategic Planning as a Key Factor in Increasing the Construction Machinery Equipment]. Global’nyy nauchnyy potentsial [Global Scientific Potential]. 2015, no. 4 (49), pp. 101—104. (In Russian)
  18. Rikoshinskiy A. Kommercheskiy transport i dorozhno-stroitel’naya tekhnika v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Commercial Vehicles and Road-Building Machinery in Modern Conditions]. Osnovnye sredstva [Main Equipment]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 38—39. (In Russian)
  19. Kucheryavenko S.A., Grevtseva O.N. Sravnitel’nyy analiz investitsionnoy priv-lekatel’nosti avtomobil’noy promyshlennosti: otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya praktika [Comparative Analysis of Investment Attractiveness of the Automotive Industry: Domestic and Foreign Experience]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2011, no. 11 (34), vol. 1, pp. 128—132.Available at: http://www.moluch.ru/archive/34/3881/. (In Russian)
  20. Tuskaeva Z.R. Innovatsionnye mekhanizmy effektivnogo upravleniya tekhnicheskoy osnashchennost’yu v stroitel’stve [Innovative Mechanisms for Effective Control of Technical Equipment in Construction]. Novosibirsk, TsRNS Publ., 2015, 108 p. (In Russian)
  21. Khokhryakov V. Ne kabiny, a kamery pytok stoyat na nashikh mashinakh. Pochemu? [Not Cabins But Torture Chambers Are in Our Machines. Why?]. Okhrana truda i sotsial’noe strakhovanie [Protection of labor and social security]. 1992, no. 11. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

OPTIMIZING THE COMPOSITION AND THE FEATURES OF GYPSUM BINDER PRODUCED IN A KETTLE

  • Eremin Aleksey Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pustovgar Andrey Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Research, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Golotina Anastasiya Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nefedov Sergey Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) head of laboratory, Research Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pashkevich Stanislav Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities Construction, head of laboratory, Research Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shein Aleksandr Leonidovich - LLC Cedrus Trading Company Candidate of Technical Sciences, quality director, LLC Cedrus Trading Company, 28-1 Zorge Street, Moscow, 125252, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 56-62

The authors considered the gypsum binder obtained in a kettle SMA-158A in the enterprise LLC “MaykopGipsStroy”. The initial gypsum binder burnt at a temperature of 120 °Сwith the following unloading out of the kettle possessed unstable physical, mechanical and operational characteristics, that’s why the grade of gypsum binder was changed from G4-AII to G5-BII for different lots, which greatly reduced its application in the composition of dry mortars. It was stated, that instability of the features of gypsum binder is determined by the essential underburning of the system, which was characterized by residual content of calcium sulfate dihydrate in amount from 2 to 7 % by weight. In frames of the investigation the authors succeeded in raising the grade of the produced gypsum binder (from G4-5 to G6) due to optimization of the technological parameters of the burning process, as well as to stabilize the composition and features, to lay down temperature and time parameters allowing to control the technological process in order to obtain the gypsum binder with specified characteristics.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.56-62

References
  1. Butt Yu.M., Timashev V.V. Praktikum po khimicheskoy tekhnologii vyazhushchikh materialov [Practical Course on Chemical Technology of Binding Materials]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1973, 502 p. (In Russian)
  2. Belov V.V., Bur’yanov A.F., Yakovlev G.I., Petropavlovskaya V.B., Fisher Kh.-B., Maeva I.S., Novichenkova T.B. Modifikatsiya struktury i svoystv stroitel’nykh kompozitov na osnove sul’fata kal’tsiya [Modification of the Structure and Features of Construction Composites Based on Calcium Sulfate]. Moscow, De-Nova Publ, 2012, 196 p. (In Russian)
  3. Fischer H.-B. Gipsputzhaftung auf Beton. Ibausil, Tagungsband. Weimar, 2003, pp. 1007—1028.
  4. Gontar’ Yu.V., Chalova A.I., Bur’yanov A.F. Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi na osnove gipsa i angidrita [Dry Mortars Based on Gypsum and Anhydrite]. Moscow, De-Nova Publ., 2010, 214 p. (In Russian)
  5. Amelina D.V., Fedorova V.V., Sycheva L.I. Vliyanie fazovogo sostava na svoystva gipsovykh vyazhushchikh [Influence of Phase Composition on the Features of Gypsum Binders]. Uspekhi v khimii i khimicheskoy tekhnologii [Advances in Chemistry and Chemical Technology]. 2014, vol. 28, no. 8 (157), pp. 8—10. (In Russian)
  6. Pustovgar A.P., Zhuravlev A.V., Makhov E.A., Butylina Yu.N., Nefedov S.V. Samouplotnyayushchiesya sostavy dlya ustroystva polov na gipsovom vyazhushchem nestabil’nogo fazovogo sostava [Self Compacting Compositions for Constructing Floors on Gypsum Binder with Instable Phase Composition]. Sukhie stroitel’nye smesi [Dry Mortars]. 2009, no. 5—6 (13—14), pp. 26—30. (In Russian)
  7. Vasilik P.G., Golubev I.V. Treshchiny v shtukaturkakh [Cracks in Plasters]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2003, no. 4, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  8. Fischer H.-B., Stark J. Haftung von Gipsputz an glatten Betonflächen. ZKG. 2005, no. 12, pp. 79—92.
  9. Eremin A.V., Pustovgar A.P. Sovremennye podkhody k rentgenofazovomu analizu gipsovykh vyazhushchikh [Modern Approaches to X-ray Phase Analysis of Gypsum Binders]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 62—65. (In Russian)
  10. Chaus K.V., Chistov Yu.D., Labzina Yu.V. Tekhnologiya proizvodstva stroitel’nykh materialov, izdeliy i konstruktsiy [Manufacturing Technology of Construction Materials, Products and Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 447 p. (In Russian)

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DURABILITY ESTIMATION OF ASPHALT CONCRETE TESTED IN THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS WITH VARYING HUMIDITY, ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND AGGRESSIVE SEA WATER

  • Erofeev Vladimir Trofimovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (Ogarev MSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (Ogarev MSU), 68 Bolshevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Likomaskina Mayya Alekseevna - Ogarev Mordovia State University (Ogarev MSU) postgraduate student, Ogarev Mordovia State University (Ogarev MSU), 68 Bolshevistskaya Str., Saransk 430005, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 63-79

The article studies the effect of ultraviolet radiation, salt fog, variable humidity, and sea water of the Black Sea coast of Krasnodar region near the village of Abrau-Durso on the basic physical and mechanical properties of asphalt: the average density, water saturation, tensile strength at 122 °F, 68 °F and 32 °F, on the waterproofing quality of asphalt concrete. The samples were exhibited on a pier and in the soil on the coast of the Black Sea, in the sea water and in the air 400 m away from the sea. Test specimens were manufactured in accordance with Russian State Standard GOST 12801-98. Test duration was 240 days. It is found out that sea water has a negative effect on the majority of physical and mechanical characteristics of asphalt concrete. The authors found the compositions of asphalt concrete with increased resistance to the influence of climatic factors. Higher resistance is achieved in the case of dense asphaltic concrete ballast.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.63-79

References
  1. Rumyantsev A.N., Nanenkov A.A., Lomov A.A., Gotovtsev V.M., Sukhov V.D. Strukturirovannyy asfal’tobeton — novoe dorozhnoe pokrytie [Structured Asphalt Concrete — the New Road Surface]. Aktual’nye napravleniya nauchnykh issledovaniy XXI veka: teoriya i praktika : sbornik nauchnykh trudov po materialam mezhdunarodnoy zaochnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Recent research trends of the XXI century: Theory and Practice :Collection of Scientific Works of the International Distance Science and Practice Conference]. Voronezh, 2013, no. 2, pp. 23—35. (In Russian)
  2. Boguslavskiy A.M., Korolev I.V., Gorelyshev N.V., Gezentsvey L.B. Dorozhnyy asfal’tobeton [Road asphalt Concrete]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1985, 350 p. (In Russian)
  3. Erofeev V.T., Bazhenov Yu.M., Kalgin Yu.I. i dr. Dorozhnye bitumomineral’nye materialy na osnove modifitsirovannykh bitumov (tekhnologiya, svoystva, dolgovechnost’) [Road Bituminous Materials Based on Modified Bitumen (Technology, Properties, Durability)]. Saransk, Izdatel’svo Mordovskogo universiteta Publ., 2009, 273 p. (In Russian)
  4. Zolotarev V.A. Dolgovechnost’ dorozhnykh asfal’tobetonov [Durability of Road Asphalt Concretes]. Khar’kov, Vishcha shkola Publ., 1977, 114 p. (In Russian)
  5. Ryb’ev I.A. Stroitel’noe materialovedenie [Construction Material Science]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2003, 701 p. (In Russian)
  6. Shchepeteva L.S., Semenov S.S. Ob effektivnosti primeneniya polimerno-bitumnykh vyazhushchikh v asfal’tobetonnykh smesyakh dlya stroitel’stva pokrytiy avtomobil’nykh dorog [On the Effectiveness of the Use of Polymer-Bitumen Binders in Asphalt Mixtures for Road Pavement Construction]. Transport. Transportnye sooruzheniya. Ekologiya [Transport. Transport Facilities. Ecology]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 138—152. (In Russian)
  7. Rudenskiy A.V., Nikonova O.N., Kaziev M.G. Povyshenie dolgovechnosti asfal’tobetonov vvedeniem aktivnogo kompleksnogo modifikatora [Increasing the Durability of Asphalt Concrete by Introducing Active Complex Modifier]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 10—11. (In Russian)
  8. Inozemtsev S.S., Korolev E.V. Ekspluatatsionnye svoystva nanomodifitsirovannykh shchebenochno-mastichnykh asfal’tobetonov [Operational Properties of Nanomodified Stone Mastic Asphalt]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 3, pp. 29—39. (In Russian)
  9. Tyrtyshov Yu.P., Skorikov S.V. K voprosu o dolgovechnosti asfal’tovykh pokrytiy [To a Question of the Durability of Asphalt Pavements]. Vestnik Severo-Kavkazskogo federal’nogo universiteta [Newsletter оf North-Caucasus Federal University]. 2007, no. 3 (12), pp. 38—42. (In Russian)
  10. Kalgin Yu.I., Erofeev V.T. Razrabotka i issledovanie litogo asfal’tobetona na bitumno-kauchukovom vyazhushchem [Development and Research of Mastic Asphalt Concrete on the Bitumen-Rubber Binder]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 60—63. (In Russian)
  11. Babaev V.I. Starenie asfal’tobetona v usloviyakh yuga Rossii [Aging of Asphalt Concrete in the Conditions of Southern Russia]. Avtomobil’nye dorogi [Motor Roads]. 1994, no. 3, pp. 15—22. (In Russian)
  12. Solomatov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Smirnov V.F., Semicheva A.S., Morozov E.A. Biologicheskoe soprotivlenie materialov [Biological Materials Resistance]. Saransk, Izdatel’svo Mordovskogo universiteta Publ., 2001, 193 p. (In Russian)
  13. Kalgin Yu.I., Strokin A.S., Tyukov E.B. Perspektivnye tekhnologii stroitel’stva i remonta dorozhnykh pokrytiy s primeneniem modifitsirovannykh bitumov [Advanced Technologies of Construction and Repair of Road Surfaces with the Use of Modified Bitumen]. Voronezh, Voronezhskaya oblastnaya tipografiya Publ., 2014, 223 p. (In Russian)
  14. Nadezhko A.A., editor. Spravochnaya entsiklopediya dorozhnika (SED). Remont i soderzhanie avtomobil’nykh dorog [Reference Encyclopedia of a Roadman. Repair and Maintenance of Motor Roads]. Moscow, Informavtodor Publ., 2006, vol. 4: Dorozhnaya nauka [Road Science], 393 p. (In Russian)
  15. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po vyboru bitumov dlya stroitel’stva dorozhnykh odezhd v razlichnykh klimaticheskikh usloviyakh [Recommendations for the Choice of Bitumen for the Construction of Pavements in Different Climatic Conditions]. Moscow, SoyuzdorNII Publ., 1974, 32 p. (In Russian)
  16. Rebinder P.A. Fiziko-khimicheskaya mekhanika dispersnykh struktur [Physical and Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Structures]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, pp. 6—12. (In Russian)
  17. Kiselev V.P., Efremov A.A., Kemenev N.V., Bugaenko M.B. Organicheskiy komponent asfal’tobetonnykh smesey [The Organic Component of Asphalt Concrete Mixes]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Vestnik Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 207—218. (In Russian)
  18. Erofeev V.T., Sal’nikova A.I., Kablov E.N., Startsev O.V., Varchenko E.A. Issledovanie dolgovechnosti bitumnykh kompozitov v usloviyakh peremennoy vlazhnosti, ul’trafioletovogo oblucheniya i morskoy vody [Investigation of Durability of Bitumen Composites under Variable Humidity, UF Exposure and Sea Water]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Research]. 2014, no. 12, pp. 2549—2556. (In Russian)
  19. Rudenskiy A.V. Dorozhnye asfal’tobetonnye pokrytiya [Road Asphalt Concrete Coatings]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1992, 253 p. (In Russian)
  20. Rudenskiy A.V., Kalgin Yu.I. Dorozhnye asfal’tobetonnye pokrytiya na modifitsirovannykh bitumakh [Road Asphalt Concrete Coatings on Modified Bitumen]. Voronezh, Voronezhskiy gosudarstvennyy arkhitekturno-stroitel’nyy universitet Publ., 2009, 142 p. (In Russian)
  21. Kocherga V.G., Pronin V.V., Korableva T.A. Proektirovanie asfal’tobetonnykh smesey s zadannymi svoystvami [Design of Asphalt Mixes with the Desired Properties]. Aktual’nye voprosy proektirovaniya avtomobil’nykh dorog : sbornik nauchnykh trudov OAO «GiprodorNII» [Current Problems of Designing Car Roads. Collection of Scientific Works of ”GiprodorNII“]. Ekaterinburg, OAO «GiprodorNII» Publ., 2013, no. 4 (63), pp. 69—74. (In Russian)
  22. Solomatov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Kalgin Yu.I., Mishchenko N.I. Epoksidno-bitumnye kompozity [Epoxy-Bitumen Composites]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2000, no. 11, 22 p. (In Russian)
  23. Grushko I.M., Korolev I.V., Borshch I.M., Mishchenko G.M. Dorozhno-stroitel’nye materialy [Road Construction Materials]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1999, 357 p. (In Russian)
  24. Pechenyy B.G., Danil’yan E.A. Optimizatsiya tekhnologii prigotovleniya asfal’tobetonnykh smesey [Optimization of Production Technology of Asphalt Mixes]. Dorozhnaya tekhnika [Road Technology]. 2011, no. 11, pp. 12—15. (In Russian)
  25. Borisenko Yu.G., Gordienko E.V., Borisenko A.Yu. Optimizatsiya tekhnologii prigotovleniya asfal’tobetonnykh smesey [Optimization of Production Technology of Asphalt Mixes]. Fundamental’nye i prikladnye issledovaniya: problemy i rezul’taty [Fundamental and Applied Research: Challenges and Results]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 110—115. (In Russian)
  26. Solomatov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Kalgin Yu.I., Krasil’nikov A.A., Shcherbatykh A.A. Epoksidno-bitumnye polimerbetony [Epoxy-Bitumen Polymer Concretes]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [Proceedings of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2000, no. 7—8, p. 34. (In Russian)
  27. Lavrukhin V.P., Kalgin Yu.I., Erofeev V.T. Ustalostnaya dolgovechnost’ asfal’tobetonov na modifitsirovannykh bitumakh [The Fatigue Life of Asphalt Concrete Based on Modified Bitumen]. Vestnik Mordovskogo universiteta [Mordovia University Bulletin]. 2001, no. 3—4, p. 128. (In Russian)

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

METHODS OF ESTIMATION TECHNOGENIC POLLUTION OF WATER BODIES IN URBANIZED TERRITORIES

  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kurochkina Valentina Aleksandrovna - 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 80-89

In the article the authors consider the problem of the impact of man-caused load on river hydraulics processes and on the properties of river sediments that determine river channels evolution and general ecological state of water bodies. The interrelation between ecological state of water bodies, the quality of water in them and the level of contamination of sediments was determined. It is established that the conditions of long-term aquatic life as a whole and of water quality in particular directly depend on the contamination level of sediments. It is shown that the rate and volume of sediments accumulation, as well as contamination level of sediment layers, vary throughout the lifecycle of water body, which allows using sediments as the main indicator of the ecological state of water body reflecting the level of technogenic impact on aquatic ecosystems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.80-89

References
  1. Telichenko V.I., Roytman V.M., Benuzh A.A. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost' v stroitel'stve [Integrated Safety in Construction]. Moscow, NIU MGSU Publ., 2015, 144 p. (In Russian)
  2. Telichenko V.I. Problemy i zadachi geoekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva [Problems and Tasks of Geoecological Safety of Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 11, pp. 50—54. (In Russian)
  3. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Slesarev M.Yu., Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' stroitel'stva [Ecological Safety of Construction]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2009, 312 p. (In Russian)
  4. Bogomolova T.G., Kurochkina V.A. Zagryaznenie rechnykh rusel na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh i inzhenernye meropriyatiya po uluchsheniyu ikh ekologicheskogo sostoyaniya [Pollution of River Beds in the Urbanized Territories and Engineering Operations to Improve Their Ecological State]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 2, pp. 399—404. (In Russian)
  5. Kurochkina V.A. Vliyanie peremeshcheniya i osazhdeniya vzveshennykh chastits na protsessy samoochishcheniya vody [Influence of Motion and Settlement of Susended Matters on the Processes of Water Self-Purification]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Technical Sciences]. 2014, no. 9—10 (77), pp. 452—455. (In Russian)
  6. Ellis J.B. Sediments and Water Quality of Urban Storm Water. Water Services. 1976, vol. 80, no. 970, pp. 730—734.
  7. Bogomolova T.G., Kurochkina V.A. Zagryaznenie rechnykh rusel na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh i problemy ikh ochistki dlya uluchsheniya ekologicheskogo sostoyaniya vodotoka [Pollution of River Beds in Urbanized Territories and Problems of Their Treatment to Improve the Ecological State of Water Course]. Inzhenernye izyskaniya [Engineering Surveys]. 2010, no. 10, pp. 56—58. (In Russian)
  8. Saet Yu.E., Smirnova R.S. Geokhimicheskie printsipy vyyavleniya zon vozdeystviya promyshlennykh vybrosov v gorodskikh aglomeratsiyakh [Geochemical Principles of Detecting the Impact Zones of Industrial Waste in Urban Agglomerations]. Landshaftno-geokhimicheskoe rayonirovanie i okhrana sredy [Landscape-Geochemical Zoning and Environmental Protection]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1983, 97 p. (In Russian)
  9. Geokhimiya okruzhayushchey sredy [Geochemistry of the Environment]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1990, 333 p. (In Russian)
  10. Dobrovol’skiy V.V. Landshaftno-geokhimicheskie kriterii otsenki zagryazneniya pochvennogo pokrova tyazhelymi metallami [Landscape-Geochemical Criteria of Estimating the Pollution of Soil Landscape by Heavy Metals]. Pochvovedenie [Eurasian Soil Science]. 1999, no. 5, pp. 639—645. (In Russian)
  11. Yanin E.P. Tekhnogennye rechnye ily v zone vliyaniya promyshlennogo goroda (formirovanie, sostav, geokhimicheskie osobennosti) [Technogenic River Muds in the Area of Industrial City Influence (Formation, Composition, Geochemical Features)]. Moscow, IMGRE Publ., 2002, 100 p. (In Russian)
  12. Yanin E.P. Tekhnogennye geokhimicheskie assotsiatsii v donnykh otlozheniyakh malykh rek agrolandshaftov (formirovanie, sostav, ekologicheskaya otsenka) [Anthropogenic Geochemical Aggregations in Bottom Sediments of Small Rivers of Cultivated Lands]. Teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya ekologiya [Theoretical and Applied Ecology]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 66—71.(In Russian)
  13. Kurochkina V.A. Formirovanie i ekologicheskie svoystva ruslovykh otlozheniy v vodotokakh na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh : avtoreferat dissertatsii ... kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Formation and Ecological Properties of Bed Sediments in Water Courses in Urbanized Territories : Abstract of the Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 20 p. (In Russian)
  14. Kosov V.I., Ivanov G.N., Levinskiy V.V. Issledovaniya zagryazneniya tyazhelymi metallami donnykh otlozheniy Verkhney Volgi [Investigation of Pollution with Heavy Metals of Bottom Sediments of the Upper Volga]. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tver State University]. 2002, no. 1, pp. 5—9. (In Russian)
  15. Kuzhina G.Sh. Dinamika mikroelementov v vode i donnykh otlozheniyakh verkhoviy rek Yuzhnogo Urala: Belaya i Ural : avtoreferat dissertatsii … kandidata biologicheskikh nauk [Dynamics of Microelements in Water and Bottom Sediments of River Heads in the South Ural : Belaya and Ural : Abstract of the Dissertation of the Candidate of Biological Sciences]. Tol’yatti, 2010, 18 p. (In Russian)
  16. Moore James W., Ramamoorthy S. Heavy Metals in Natural Waters. Springer New York, 1984, 298 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-5210-8.
  17. Linnik P.N., Nabivanets B.I. Formy migratsii metallov v presnykh poverkhnostnykh vodakh [Migration Patterns of Metals in Surface Fresh Waters]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1986, 268 p. (In Russian)
  18. Fokin D.P., Frumin G.T., Rybalko A.E. Soderzhanie i raspredelenie khimicheskikh elementov v donnykh otlozheniyakh vostochnoy chasti Finskogo zaliva [Composition and Distribution of Chemical Elements in Bottom Sediments of the Eastern Part of the Gulf of Finland]. Ekologicheskaya khimiya [Ecological Chemistry]. 2010, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 236—242. (In Russian)
  19. Dobrovol’skiy V.V. Geografiya mikroelementov. Global’noe rasseyanie [Geography of Microelements. Global Distribution]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1983, 272 p. (In Russian)
  20. Koval’skiy V.V. Geokhimicheskaya ekologiya [Geochemical Ecology]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 297 p. (In Russian)
  21. Müller G. Schadstoffe in Sedimenten-Sedimente als Schadstoffe. Umweltgeologie-Band. Wien, Dezember, 1986, pp. 107—126.
  22. Kolomiytsev N.V., Shcherbakov A.O., Myuller G. Metodika issledovaniya zagryazneniya rek Moskovskogo regiona tyazhelymi metallami [Methods of Investigating the River Polluters of the Moscow Region by Heavy Metals]. Zhizn’ Zemli: zemlevedenie, ekologiya, geodinamika, muzeologiya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov Muzeya Zemlevedeniya MGU [The Life of the Earth: Earth Sciences, Ecology, Geodynamics, Museology : Collection of Scientific Works of the Museum of Earth Sciences of MSU]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 1997, no. 30, pp. 164—171. (In Russian)
  23. Predel’no dopustimye kontsentratsii (PDK) khimicheskikh veshchestv v vode vodnykh ob”ektov khozyaystvenno-pit’evogo i kul’turno-bytovogo vodopol’zovaniya : gigienicheskie normativy GN 2.1.5.689—98 [Maximum Permissible Concentration of Chemical Matters in the Water Objects of Household-Drinking, Cultural and Social Water Use : Health Standards GN 2.1.5.689—98]. Moscow, Minzdrav Rossii Publ., 1998. (In Russian)
  24. Predel’no dopustimye kontsentratsii (PDK) khimicheskikh veshchestv v pochve: gigienicheskie normy GN 2.1.7.2041—06 [Maximum Permissible Concentration of Chemical Matters in the Soil : Health Standards GN 2.1.7.2041—06]. Moscow, Rospotrebnadzor Publ., 2006, 15 p. (In Russian)
  25. Gigienicheskaya otsenka kachestva pochvy naselennykh mest : metodicheskie ukazaniya MU 2.1.7.730—99 [Sanitary Audit of Soil Quality of Populated Areas : Guidance MU 2.1.7.730—99]. Moscow, Minzdrav Rossii Publ., 1999, 38 p. (In Russian)

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES AS AN IMPERATIVE OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE CONSTRUCTION

  • Uvarova Svetlana Sergeevna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Bases of Entrepreneurship, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kankhva Vadim Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rogacheva Yana Andreevna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) postgraduate student, Department of Economy and Bases of Entrepreneurship, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 90-100

The authors substantiated the role of cognitive technologies in the process of sustainable development, including the construction and investment complex. The role of subsystem of human resources management is shown in the conditions of knowledge-based economy formation. The authors discovered the criteria of sustainable development of the economy with the focus on the innovative aspect. The methodology of using cognitive technologies is offered on the example of construction of ecological housing, which is a core direction of the sustainable development of the construction and investment complex.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.90-100

References
  1. Salikhov B.V. Ekonomika znaniy i sistemno-integratsionnaya model’ chelovecheskogo kapitala korporatsii [Knowledge Economy and System-Integration Model of Human Capital of Corporations]. BV-SALIKHOV. Available at: http://bv-salikhov.ru/kognitivnaya-ekonomika.html. Date of access: 11.10.2015. (In Russian)
  2. Knyazeva E.N., Kurdyumov S.P. Zakony evolyutsii i samoorganizatsii slozhnykh system [Laws of Evolution and Self-Organization of Complex Systems]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1994, 236 p. (In Russian)
  3. Katunina I.V. Upravlenie chelovecheskimi resursami v orientirovannoy na razvitie organizatsii: organizatsionno-institutsional’nyy aspekt : avtoreferat dissertatsii … doktora ekonomicheskikh nauk [Human Resource Management Oriented on the Development of Organizations: Organizational and Institutional Aspect : Abstract of the Dissertation of Doctor of Economical Sciences]. Omsk, 2010, 34 p. (In Russian)
  4. Kolodyazhnyy S.A., Uvarova S.S., Belyaeva S.V., Vlasenko V.A., Panenkov A.A. Organizatsionno-ekonomicheskie izmeneniya investitsionno-stroitel’nogo kompleksa na innovatsionnoy osnove kak protsess obespecheniya ego ustoychivogo razvitiya [Organizational-Economic Changes in the Investment and Construction Complex on the Innovative as a Process to Ensure Its Sustainable Development]. Voronezh, VGASU Publ., 2014, 146 p. (In Russian)
  5. Doklad Komissii po izmereniyu effektivnosti ekonomiki i sotsial’nogo progressa: pervaya glava. Rabochiy perevod [Report of the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress: the first chapter. Working translation]. Gosudarstvennyy nauchno-issledovatel’skiy institut sistemnogo analiza Schetnoy palaty Rossiyskoy Federatsii [State Research Institute of the System Analysis of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, NII SP Publ., 2010, 118 p. (In Russian)
  6. Belyaeva S.V., Khalyavko P.V. Povyshenie innovatsionnoy aktivnosti predpriyatiy kak faktor ustoychivogo razvitiya stroitel’noy otrasli [Increase of Innovation Activity of Enterprises as a Factor of Sustainable Development of the Construction Industry]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Economics of Construction]. 2014, no. 1 (25), pp. 70—75. (In Russian)
  7. Panteleeva M.S., Gorobnyak A.A., Borozdina S.M. Otsenka effektivnosti funktsionirovaniya organizatsionnoy struktury marketinga dlya stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Efficiency Assessment of the Organizational Structure of Marketing for a Building Enterprise]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 6—3 (59—3), pp. 491—496. (In Russian)
  8. Papel’nyuk O.V., Romashova S.V. Obosnovanie spetsifiki innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosti malykh stroitel’nykh predpriyatiy v sisteme gosudarstvennogo stroitel’nogo zakaza [Substantiation of the Specifics of the Innovation Activities of Small Construction Companies in Public Construction Order]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2014, no. 11—2 (52—2), pp. 598—600. (In Russian)
  9. Rodionova S.V. Razrabotka metodiki otsenki effektivnosti organizatsionnykh innovatsiy s tochki zreniya kommunikatsionnogo podkhoda [Efficiency Estimation Method of Organizational Innovations in the Context of Communicational Approach]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 6, pp. 131—139. (In Russian)
  10. Syzrantsev G.A., Sofronov D.S. Issledovanie kategorii «ekonomicheskoe razvitie» kak sistemy ponyatiy: uluchshenie, rost, izmenenie, progress [The Research of the Notion ”Economic Development“ As a System of Concepts: Improvement, Growth, Change, Progress]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 326—329. (In Russian)
  11. Uvarova S.S., Papel’nyuk O.V., Panenkov A.A. Kontseptual’nye i metodicheskie aspekty upravleniya innovatsionnym razvitiem stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya v proektsii teorii organizatsionno-ekonomicheskikh izmeneniy [Conceptual and Methodological Aspects of the Management of Innovative Development of a Building Enterprise in the Projection of the Theory of Organizational and Economic Changes]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 3—2 (56—2), pp. 809—811. (In Russian)
  12. Smirnov S.V. Rossiyskie tsiklicheskie indikatory i ikh poleznost’ «v real’nom vremeni»: opyt retsessii 2008-2009 gg. [Russian Cyclic Indicators and Their Usefulness ”In Real Time“: The Experience of 2008-2009, Recession]. Ekonomicheskiy zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki [Economic Journal of the Higher School of Economics]. 2012, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 479—513. (In Russian)
  13. Girmscheid G. Strategisches Bauunternehmensmanagement — Prozessorientiertes integriertes Management für Uneternehmen in der Bauwirtchaft. Berlin, Springer, 2006.
  14. Silka D.N. On Priority Measures for Creating the Basis for the Development of the Russian Economy. Life Science Journal. 2014, vol. 11, no. 7s, pp. 310—313.
  15. William F. Sharpe, Gordon J. Alexander, Jeffery V. Bailey. Investments. Fifth edition, 1998, 1028 p.

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

INFORMATIONAL COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE PARTICIPANTS OF A CONSTRUCTION PROJECT AS AN ADDITIONAL FACTOR IN EVALUATING THE ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL CAPACITY

  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Fel’dman Aleksandr Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-106

The current trends of dynamic implementation of new materials, equipment and organizational and technological solutions in the construction lead to increase of information volume. Although the great amount of information flows isn’t fixed in the final variant of design documentation or doesn’t reach the construction site as instructions. This problem is most pressing for major construction projects. The main reason for such a loss of information is inefficiency of data management. The article discusses the influence of the interaction between the participants of a construction project on the effectiveness of the use of information flows within the construction project. The article also indicates the justification of such influence for organizational and technological building project evaluation, which is formed on the basis of information flows. The basic components of the information flow and conditions of effective transfer to final recipient are given. The concept of the role of a participant of building project is introduced as social component of information flow transfer is.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.101-106

References
  1. Lapidus A.A., Demidov L.P. Issledovanie faktorov, vliyayushchikh na pokazatel’ potentsiala stroitel’noy ploshchadki [Investigation of the Factors Influencing the Potential Indicator of a Construction Site]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 160—166. (In Russian)
  2. Maksimov A.A. Struktura informatsionnykh potokov sovremennogo promyshlennogo predpriyatiya [Structure of Informational Flows of a Contemporary Industrial Enterprise]. Informatsionnye resursy Rossii [Informational Resources of Russia]. 2005, no. 5, p. 3. (In Russian)
  3. Minko I.S., Kryakov P.N. Organizatsiya informatsionnykh potokov v innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosti [Organization of Information Flows in Innovative Activity]. Nauchnyy zhurnal NIU ITMO. Seriya: Ekonomika i ekologicheskiy menedzhment [Scientific Journal NRU ITMO Series: Economics and Environmental Management]. 2014, no. 1, p. 50. (In Russian)
  4. Arnorsson H. Optimizing the Information Flow on the Construction Site. Master’s Thesis, Aalborg University, 2012, pp. 76—79.
  5. Berezhnyy A.Yu. Formirovanie informatsionnoy bazy dannykh dlya sistemy otsenki ekologicheskoy effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy v protsesse stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Formation of Informational Database for Evaluation System of Ecological Efficiency of Organizational and Technological Solutions in the Process of Construction Production]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulation. Construction, Design and Research]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 42—43. (In Russian)
  6. Sergeev V.I. Korporativnaya logistika — upravlenie zapasami [Corporative Logistics —Materials Management]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 2005, p. 150. (In Russian)
  7. Abouzar Golyani, Hoi-Yan Hon. Information Handling in Construction Projects. Master’s thesis. 2010:135, 51 p. Available at: http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/127600.pdf.
  8. Andreas Floros Phelps. Managing Information Flow on Complex Projects. 2012, pp. 1—3. Available at: http://www.leanconstruction.org/media/docs/chapterpdf/nor-cal/2012-03-14-lci-nor-cal-meeting-phelps.pdf.
  9. Oleynik P.P., Brodskiy V.I. Osobennosti organizatsii stroitel’nogo proizvodstva pri rekonstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Features of Construction Operations Management When Reconstructing Buildings and Structures]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of Construction Operations]. 2013, no. 4 (5), pp. 40—45. (In Russian)
  10. Zhadanovskiy B.V. Tekhnicheskiy uroven’ proizvodstva opalubochnykh, armaturnykh i betonnykh rabot v otechestvennom stroitel’stve [Technical Level of Formworks, Reinforcement and Concrete Works in the Domestic Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2005, no. 10, pp. 17—19. (In Russian)
  11. Cherednichenko N.D. Modelirovanie stroitel’nogo protsessa na etape predproektnoy podgotovki stroitel’stva [Modeling of the Construction Process on the Pre-Design Stage of the Construction]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Journal of Don]. 2012, vol. 22, no. 4-1, article 174. Available at: http://www.ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n4p1y2012/1167. (In Russian)
  12. Ivanov V.A. Perekhod ot litsenzirovaniya k samoregulirovaniyu v stroitel’noy otrasli [Transfer from Licensing to Self-Regulation in the Construction Branch]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 3—5. (In Russian)
  13. Zhunin A.A. Metody sokrashcheniya trudozatrat i uluchsheniya kontrolya kachestva rabot pri vozvedenii energoeffektivnykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Methods of Reducing Labour Costs and Increasing the Quality Control when Constructing Energy Efficient Enveloping Structures]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. 2014, no. 3 (44), pp. 137—141. (In Russian)

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TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

METHODOLOGY AND ALGORITHM OF OPTIMIZATION OF THE NEED OF SETTLEMENTS FOR TECHNICAL INSPECTION LINES FOR VEHICLES

  • Kanen Mahmoud Fadlallah Hador - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) postgraduate student, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.

Pages 107-117

The current methods of predicting the demand of the community for the lines of technical inspection of vehicles do not fully take into account the probabilistic and statistical nature of the complaints of car owners. This results in significant mistakes in the determination of the number of such lines, accompanied by insufficient rhythm of their operation. The design errors related to the complexity of accurate account for calendar fluctuations of the number of appeals can be partially or completely eliminated by using mathematical apparatus of the queuing theory. In this case, the complex technical system is considered as an open multi-channel queuing system with limited queue length. The received flows and serviced requests are considered to be the simplest. From a practical point of view, the replacement of one type of computational model by the other allows ensuring a more sustainable mode of calculating operations using the computer. The paper also provides a calculation expression for defining the lower and upper confidence limits of the dispersion of the average values of the number of arrivals of vehicles at the technical inspection that allows setting the interval of uncertainty for searching the optimal solution.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.107-117

References
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  3. Napol’skiy G.M. Tekhnologicheskoe proektirovanie avtotransportnykh predpriyatiy i stantsiy tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya [Technological Design of Transport Companies and Service Stations]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1993, 271 p. (In Russian)
  4. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A. Povyshenie effektivnosti protsessa diagnostirovaniya avtomobiley [Improving the Efficiency of Diagnosing Process of Automobiles]. Informatsionnaya sreda VUZA : materialy XIX Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [University Infomedia. 18st International Scientific and Technical Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2012, pp. 352—354. (In Russian)
  5. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A. Obosnovanie potrebnosti v liniyakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra [Rationale for Technical Inspection Lines]. Informatsionnaya sreda VUZA : materialy XXI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [University Infomedia. 21st International Scientific and Technical Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 338—340. (In Russian)
  6. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A., Tulenov A.T., Dzhunisbekov A.S. Opredelenie normativov potrebnosti v pukntakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra transportnykh sredstv [Defining the Standards for the Necessity in Technical Inspection Stations of Vehicles]. Auezovskie chteniya-12 : trudy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Auezov Readings-12”]. Shymkent, YuKGU im. Auezova, 2014, vol. 1. Rol’ regional’nogo universiteta v razvitii innovatsionnykh napravleniy nauki, obrazovaniya i kul’tury [The Role of Regional University in the Development of Innovative Areas of Science, Education and Culture]. Pp. 213—215. (In Russian)
  7. Kanen M.H.F., Maslennikov V.A. Obosnovanie potrebnosti naselennykh punktov v liniyakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra avtomototransportnykh sredstv [Rationale for the Necessity of Technical Inspection Lines for Motor Vehicles in Residential Areas]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2016, no. 1, pp. 161—169. (In Russian)
  8. Danko P.E., Popov A.G., Kozhevnikova T.Ya. Proektirovanie predpriyatiy avtomobil’nogo transporta [Design of Road Transport Enterprises]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2007, 224 p. (In Russian)
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  19. Bezrukov A.L., Groshev A.M., Kravets V.N., Orlov L.N., Savinov B.V., Tikhomirov A.N., Tikhomirova O.B. Proverka tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya transportnykh sredstv [Technical Condition Test of Vehicles]. Nizhniy Novgorod, NP «INSAT» Publ., 2009, 398 p. (In Russian)
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IMPLEMENTATION OF DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR OF BRIDGE STRUCTURES

  • Yushkov Vladimir Sergeevich - Anapa branch of Kuban State Agrarian University (Anapa branch of KubSAU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Industrial and Civil Engineering, Anapa branch of Kuban State Agrarian University (Anapa branch of KubSAU), Krasnodarskiy kray, g. ul. 11 Chernomorskaya str., Anapa, 353440, the Krasnodar Territory, Russian Federation.
  • Kychkin Vladimir Ivanovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation.
  • Barmin Nikolay Dmitrievich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation.

Pages 118-125

Insufficiency and delays of maintenance of the technical state of bridges is greatly related to work labour input, absence of adequate mechanical means and automation of the process of inspection of structures. The authors considered domestic and foreign Machinery which repair bridge structures and are used to conduct surveys, tests and special repairs on different levels, both above and below the vehicle position. The design of a machine with the main operational characteristics is presented. The defects detected during the inspection of bridges are enumerated. In the conditions of deterioration of the bridges of different structures and responding the requirements to reduce the risk level of engineering structures’ operation there is a demand in renewing the population of machines for investigation of the technical condition of automobile bridge, because of special vehicles deterioration, there is no staff of specialists who are able to solve the problems of maintenance and increasing the reliability of bridge structures to the required extend. Also the main principles of control and inspection of bridge structures include the requirements to technical equipment for measurements and testing equipment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.118-125

References
  1. Alekseev V.M., Novodzinskiy A.L. Otsenka tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya mostov Permskoy oblasti [Evaluation of the Technical State of Bridges Perm Region]. Aktual’nye problemy avtomobil’nogo, zheleznodorozhnogo, truboprovodnogo transporta v Ural’skom regione :materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii (1—3 dekabrya 2005 g.) [Current Problems of Road, Rail and Pipeline Transport in the Ural Region: Materials of the International Science and Technology Conference (December 1—3, 2005)]. Perm, PGTU Publ., 2005, pp. 70—74. (In Russian)
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  5. Nikolaychuk K. Avariynye mosty Rossii [Emergency Bridges in Russia]. Avtomobil’nye dorogi [Automobile Roads]. 1992, no. 11—12, pp. 15—16. (In Russian)
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