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Vestnik MGSU 2018/2

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2

Articles count - 13

Pages - 257

Construction in the arctic region

PRINCIPLES OF HABITAT FORMATION IN THE ARCTIC REGION

  • Sarvut Tatyana Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 130-140

The human habitat in the Arctic is formed under the influence of many factors. They determine the pattern of built-up areas, the shape of buildings, the principles of life support, the internal structure and content of objects. The current stage of development of the Russian Arctic is complicated by the impact of global warming. A steady increase in the overall temperature background leads to the results that inevitably change the strategies for development of the region. The main positive economic effect from the increase in the average annual temperature levels is manifested by the increase of duration of navigation in the Northern Sea Route and the increase of freight traffic. Other effects have, rather, a negative sign. First of all, warming leads to thawing of permafrost and, as a result, to a sudden reduction of soil stability and destruction of buildings and structures. The second global effect causes the advancing of the ocean and the flooding of vast areas, apparent degradation of the shoreline with its regular collapse and immersion. The complex impact of natural and climatic types leads to complication of the approach in formation of the habitat in extreme conditions. Comparison of different types of Arctic and Antarctic settlement bases makes it possible to identify general principles for formation of such objects. The implemented projects allow us to reveal features and shortcomings both in designing of buildings and in organization of the habitat. Subject: models and methods of organization of the habitat of extreme Arctic and Antarctic zones. Research objectives: identification of the principles of formation of the environment of special objects in the extreme conditions. Materials and methods: method of comparison of experience of designing special objects in the extreme conditions. Results: the discovered patterns allow us to define the principles of formation of the environment of objects in the extreme conditions. Conclusions: application of the principles of habitat formation in the extreme conditions to the design of the human habitat in the Russian Arctic is possible.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.130-140

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INTEGRATED SECURITY PROVISION AND URBAN PLANNING IN EXPLOITATION OF RUSSIA’S ARCTIC SHELF RESOURCES

  • Kalashnikov Pavel Kirillovich - Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University)» (Gubkin University) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Design Automation of Oil and Gas Industries, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University)» (Gubkin University), 65-1, Leninsky prospekt, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation.
  • Dunichkin Ilya Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Bogachev Konstantin Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Student, Department of Urban planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 141-147

Issues of strategic national interests of the Russian Federation in the Arctic region, in particular in its shelf part, are considered. Subject: territory of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and the water area of the Arctic Ocean. The main steps taken by the Russian Federation with regard to ensuring national security and urban development in the Arctic are highlighted. The dynamics of the changing international situation and the emerging confrontations with the countries that are members of the Arctic Council are described. Modern approaches to ensuring national security in the Arctic are discussed. Attention is paid to the issue of absence of a single executive body overseeing the Arctic region, including all northern administrative-territorial units, the so-called “Ministry of the Arctic”. Research objectives: analyze the role of economic and urban development of the Arctic in ensuring national security and modernization of Russia. Materials and methods: analysis of the current state of affairs in the field of security, national legislation, socio-economic and geographic location and prospects for environmental management in the Arctic region. Results: the natural-resource and transport-logistical potentials of the Arctic region, measures to ensure national security and urban development are analyzed. Conclusions: the results obtained are important for creating an integrated approach to ensuring integrated security and urban development in exploration of the resources of the Arctic shelf of the Russian Federation. Sustainable development of Russia’s Arctic zone in the fields of socio-economic, urban development, environmental management and environmental protection can be provided by scientific studies and monitoring. The problem of absence of a town-planning regulatory framework regulating the integrated development of the Arctic regions should be resolved by the bill “On the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation”.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.141-147

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

ARCHITECTURAL ARRANGEMENT OF MODERN MONASTERY MUSEUM: THE CASE OF THE HOLY TRINITY ANTONY OF SIYA MONASTERY OF ARKHANGELSK REGION S.V. Ilvitskaya, E.A. Shvetsova-Shilovskaya

  • Ilvitskaya Svetlana Valer’evna - State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Head of the Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.
  • Shvetsova-Shilovskaya Elizaveta Aleksandrovna - State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP) Postgraduate Student, Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.

Pages 148-154

Subject: architectural and planning solutions of museum premises at the Orthodox Christian monastery in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Two main approaches to arrangement of a museum in an Orthodox Christian monastery are considered. A project of the museum in the Holy Trinity Antony of Siya Monastery is proposed. This project is based on reconstruction of one of the destroyed buildings in the monastery - the closed fraternal building of the XVII-XVIII centuries. This building is supposed to be rebuilt on its historic place and in its original architectural appearance, but with a new function of a monastery museum. Research objectives: identify the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion for pilgrimage tourism. Materials and methods: method of comparison of approaches to museum organization. Results: The discovered regularities allow us to define the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion environment for pilgrimage tourism. Conclusions: it is possible to apply the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion environment for pilgrimage tourism to the design of the museum as a part of the Orthodox Christian monastery on the territory of the Russian Arctic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.148-154

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Past, Present and Future of Settlements whose Development is Associated with the Mineral Resource Extraction (a Case Study of Kuzbass)

  • Samoylova Nadezhda Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University Of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) expert of the Government of the Russian Federation, adviser of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAASN), Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Moscow State University Of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 155-169

Subject: urban development in Russia does not fully ensure the sustainable development of the territories of settlements, the formation of which is associated with mining activity. In this research, we present modern solutions to the current urban development situation: recultivation, renovation, revitalization. Research objectives: identify features of the analysis and accounting of territorial-construction resource during the mining period and after completion of mining, which characterize the conditions for sustainable development of territories. Materials and methods: open cartographic sources, urban planning documents and state statistical information are analyzed. General scientific methods (including historical retrospective and comparative analysis) and a special interdisciplinary geoinformation system method are used. Results: we compiled cartographic schemes of the historical retrospective of the condition of Kuzbass settlements over a period of more than 150 years since the beginning of industrial coal mining and a cartographic scheme of resource features of the subsoil of Kuzbass region (coal). We systematized the collocation of settlements, their zones of influence and territories damaged as a result of coal mining activities within the existing built-up area inside the urban boundaries of the coal mining area. We developed schemes, formulas and conditions that take into account the peculiar properties of the territorial-construction resource (TCR) in the coal mining areas during and after completion of coal mining. Conclusions: the results of the study supplement the knowledge of organization of urban planning for the development of settlement groups in the mining areas at the pre-project stage. These results ensure adoption of new functional and technological solutions, taking into account the historically developed settlement system based on TCR within urban boundaries (for example, a typological territorial object is the coal mining area), and contribute to the justification and promotion of urban policies aimed at the sustainable development of territories with mineral deposits.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.155-169

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SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE PROCESS OF RESTORATION OF ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS - CULTURAL SYMBOLS OF POWER

  • Chaynikova Olesya Olegovna - St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) postgraduate student, St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2nd Krasnoarmeyskaya st., St. Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation.

Pages 170-189

Subject: in this article, we consider the most important problem in modern restorative practice - a restoration of partially destroyed, ruined and even lost buildings that possess high artistic value, constitute the ceremonial residences of European rulers and are now regarded as cultural symbols of their countries. The analysis of assumptions and methods for restoration of residences, palaces and park ensembles is conducted on the example of such objects as the Royal castle in Warsaw, Berlin City Palace, City Palace in Potsdam, Constantine Palace in Strelna, the Royal castle in Lithuania. On the basis of performed analysis of the restored objects, we consider the conceptual proposals for the project of reconstruction of the Lower cottage complex in Alexandria Park in Peterhof town. Research objectives: determine the main criteria for selecting forms and methods for reconstruction of the residences of Heads of State taking into account their value characteristics and criteria of significance, the importance of the reconstructed object in the surrounding environment. Materials and methods: the study was based on the review and analysis of the literature, scientific works, articles, theses, studies of domestic and international authors, analysis of conceptual projects for the restoration of ruined objects that are planned for implementation in the short term. Results: the main methods of restoration of the lost architectural monuments as cultural symbols of power in European and domestic practice are determined, the most typical value characteristics of recreated objects and their significance in the environment and national culture of the country are identified. Conclusions: the result of the work was determination of the main criteria and prerequisites for restoration of residences when selecting the method of their restoration, and determination of significance of the characteristics and importance of already reconstructed buildings. The supposed functional purpose of the monument plays an important role in determining the method of reconstruction. The value of the obtained results lies in their nature: mass character of the global scale activity, and as a consequence, their “vitality”, the relevance to modern society. As part of the development and approval of the optimal solution for reconstruction of the architectural monument, it is advisable to use 3D modeling software, which allows us to thoughtfully and as accurately as possible determine all aspects of the planned action.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.170-189

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CITY’S STRATEGY OF PARK-AND-RIDE SYSTEM PLANNING

  • Danilina Nina Vasil`evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 190-195

Subject: determination of the direction of sustainable urban transport system development is one of the most relevant issues of modern transport policy. Intermodal transportation development is the usual practice in big cities and agglomerations that shows its efficiency in the field of transport problem determination by means of coordination of transport mobility of urban population. This article is devoted to the issue of “Park-and-Ride” system formation as an integral part of intermodal transportation service for territories of cities and agglomerations. Research objectives: the aim of the study was to develop a scientific justification for the system development strategy based on the methods of system analysis. Materials and methods: “Park-and-Ride” facilities are viewed as an element of transport infrastructure, i.e., organization aimed to provide long-term parking service for the population during the working day, the demand for which depends on external and internal conditions, which determined the possibility of using the SWOT analysis tool to evaluate the performance of its service. Results: transport demand depends on internal and external urban and economic conditions and can be controlled by the methods of economic management. This allows us to use SWOT-analysis to evaluate conditions influencing the work of the whole system. SWOT-analysis allows us to assess weaknesses and strengths, threats and opportunities of a Park-and-Ride system aimed to attract the motorists to its service and, as a consequence, solve a set of transport, environmental and economic issues of urban sustainable development. As the results of the present analysis, we formulated the main strategic directions of the functioning and development of the system that determine the system’s maximum effectiveness in the field of town-planning development of urbanized territories. Conclusions: application of the obtained results lies in the field of transport planning at the stage of development of the General Plans for the transport infrastructure development, as well as the development of planning solutions for incentive parking as a part of urban passenger transport and transfer hubs. We formulate the city policy directions for the “Park-and-Ride” system organization and development that are necessary in the process of transport planning of the unified transport system of cities and agglomerations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.190-195

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Features of Water Supply of Settlements in the Zone of Attraction of Megapolises

  • Evdokimov Pavel Artem’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Postgraduate Student, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 196-202

Urbanization leads to the development of megacities. Three quarters of Russians live in large cities. Negative factors of urban habitation are environmental problems: air pollution, waste production, etc. Ecological problems of large cities stimulate relocation to the suburbs. Proximity to the megacity negatively affects the territories in its area of attraction. The greatest pollution of surface waters is observed in the central and Eastern regions. The maximum levels of pollution are recorded in the rivers Moskva, Oka and Klyazma. The settlements located downstream and within the area of influence of the metropolis are deprived of the use of surface water for drinking due to strong contamination. Megapolis consumes a large amount of resources, thereby creating a deficit of resources consumed by it in the zone of its influence. Mainly, water resources are affected. A settlement located in the thirty kilometer zone around the metropolis can not fully use the scheme of water supply due to groundwater. Intensive water withdrawal for the needs of a megapolis leads to the formation of a regional depression cone with the formation of zones of gravity filtration, which is caused by a high operating load. Subject: the subject of this research is the study of water supply problems in the zone of attraction of megalopolises. Materials and methods: the method of integrated assessment and analysis of the obtained data was used. Results: the article describes the problem of providing quality drinking water to settlements in the zone of attraction of big cities. It discusses the basic schemes of water supply. The main advantages and disadvantages of each of the considered schemes are revealed. A necessity to create a single integrated method for assessing the efficiency of the water supply scheme, aimed at the efficient use of natural resources in the present environmental and economic situation, is revealed. It is shown that the described methods of water supply have different characteristics, depending on the geographical, natural and social conditions in which the settlement is located. Assessment of the applicability of a method should be carried out primarily on the basis of natural indicators, since financial indicators are derived from the natural indicators and are often subjective. As a result of the research, the megacity influence zone was identified, assessment of the current situation in the water supply field was carried out on the example of the city of Moscow and the absence of a universal system for assessing the effectiveness of water supply methods was revealed. Conclusions: an analysis of the main methods of water supply to settlements located in the zone of attraction of large cities was carried out, water supply peculiarities of such settlements are formulated, and it is shown that none of the traditional methods of water supply is universal. To select the optimal method under specific conditions, it is advisable to develop and apply the generalized natural indicators that will determine the most effective method of water supply.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.196-202

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

EVALUATION OF PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POROUS AGGREGATES FOR LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE

  • Semeynykh Natal’ya Sergeevna - - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Science, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Engineering and Material Science, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol`skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation.
  • Sopegin Georgiy Vladimirovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Master Student, Department of Construction Engineering and Material Science, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol`skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation.
  • Fedoseev Aleksey Viktorovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Undergraduate Student, Department of Construction Engineering and Material Science, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol`skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation.

Pages 203-212

Subject: among the modern heat-insulating materials lightweight concrete on porous aggregates is widely used. Currently, porous aggregates are mainly represented by expanded clay gravel, which has some drawbacks in its physical and mechanical properties: high content of split grains and significant grain shape factor. The presence of split grains in expanded clay gravel leads to an increase in consumption of cement paste. Significant grain shape factor limits the use of expanded clay gravel in lightweight concrete of higher strength. Granulated foam glass is an alternative porous aggregate for lightweight concrete. It is characterized by high physical and mechanical properties and low values of thermal conductivity. Research objectives: in this article, the results of studies of physical and mechanical properties of expanded clay gravel and granulated foam glass are presented, the differences between these materials are revealed and the possibility of using granulated foam glass as a porous aggregate in lightweight concrete is studied. Materials and methods: properties of granulated foam glass and expanded clay gravel are determined according to the standards. Conclusions: according to the test results, it was found that granulated foam glass has higher values for a complex of physical and mechanical properties in comparison with expanded clay gravel, produced traditionally. However, the compressive strength test in the cylinder showed that the granulated foam glass has a significantly lower strength than the expanded clay gravel with the same value of their apparent density. Also during the tests, the possibility of using granulated foam glass to obtain a lightweight concrete corresponding to the grade class B5 and density class D1000 was established. In this case, there is a need to adjust the grain-size composition of the aggregate and component composition of concrete mixture.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.203-212

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DATA BANK ON ACTIVATION CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIATION SHIELDING CONCRETE OF NUCLEAR PLANTS

  • Bylkin Boris Konstantinovich - National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" (NRC "Kurchatov Institute") Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher, National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" (NRC "Kurchatov Institute"), 1 Akademika Kurchatova pl., Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation.
  • Engovatov Igor’ Anatol’yevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Professor of Construction of Heat and Nuclear Power Facilities, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Kozhevnikov Aleksey Nikolayevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Sinyushin Dmitriy Konstantinovich - AO "State Specialized Design Institute" (AO "GSPI") Deputy Head of the Department, AO "State Specialized Design Institute" (AO "GSPI"), 4 Sharikopodshipnikovskaya str., Moscow, 115088, Russian Federation.

Pages 213-221

Subject: studies conducted in the Russian Federation and abroad have shown that the induced activity and activation characteristics of radiation shielding concretes are determined by chemical elements, concentration of which in the initial components can vary within the limits from several parts-per-thousand to percentages by mass. In turn, activated shielding structures are one of the sources of non-deactivated radioactive waste at the stage of decommissioning of nuclear plants. To reduce activity and volume of radioactive waste, the selection of compositions of shielding concretes for nuclear plants should take into account the content of activation-hazardous elements. Research objectives: the purpose of this study was to justify the necessity and possibility of creating a data bank on activation characteristics of structural and shielding materials for nuclear plants. Materials and methods: computational and experimental studies included the studies of a wide range of compositions of shielding concretes, activity and volumes of activated radioactive waste. Results: the most important chemical elements that determine the long-term induced activity of shielding concretes were identified based on the data of computational and experimental studies. The structure, content and information components of the database on activation characteristics of shielding concretes of nuclear plants were developed. Conclusions: we have justified the practical possibility of targeted selection of the least activated shielding concretes of nuclear plants at the stage of their design and construction as well as the possibility of modeling compositions of operating and decommissioned plants when performing predictive calculations of the activity of materials and volumes of radioactive waste.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.213-221

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

CALCULATION OF CONCENTRATIONS OF HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IN THE LOWER ATMOSPHERE USING THE THEORY OF VENTILATION JETS

  • Yaremenko Sergey Anatol’evich - Voronezh State Technical University (VGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Housing and Communal Services, Voronezh State Technical University (VGTU), 14 Moskovsky prospekt, Voronezh, 394026, Russian Federation.
  • Garmonov Kirill Valer’evich - Voronezh State Technical University (VGTU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Housing and Communal Services, Voronezh State Technical University (VGTU), 14 Moskovsky prospekt, Voronezh, 394026, Russian Federation.

Pages 222-230

Subject: currently, determination of concentration of harmful substances in the emissions of enterprises, regardless of the height of the emission source and characteristics of technological process, according to the current normative document OND-86, is based on the idea of layered structure of the atmosphere. Application of the model of thermal stratification of the atmosphere with respect to ventilation sources of emission of harmful substances leads to an unjustified increase in the value of maximum concentrations. Research objectives: determine possibility of using other methods to calculate concentrations of harmful substances from low sources of air pollution. Materials and methods: possibility of using the theory of ventilation jets for calculating concentrations of harmful substances in the atmosphere is considered. Results: it is certain that the current approach to calculating emissions is incorrect for low sources of air pollution, which include a significant amount of ventilation and technological emissions of harmful substances. Conclusions: the necessity of using the theory of ventilation jets in calculating concentrations of harmful substances from low sources of atmospheric pollution is justified. Dependence is obtained that for the first time makes it possible to determine concentration of harmful substances in the air for sources of atmospheric pollution no higher than 30-40 m.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.222-230

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Research of building materials. Economics, management and organization of construction processes

METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF TECHNICAL POTENTIAL IN CONSTRUCTION

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Tuskaeva Zalina Ruslanovna - North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University) (NCIMM (STU)) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Construction Industry, North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University) (NCIMM (STU)), 44 Nikolaeva st., Vladikavkaz, 362021, Russian Federation.

Pages 231-239

Subject: determination of the methodological foundations for effective management of the technical potential (park of construction equipment and labor resources that operate construction equipment) in conditions of modern production. Research objectives: analysis of the state of technical equipment and technical potential of construction has revealed quite serious problems. To solve these problems, it is necessary to develop a sound methodology for effective management of technical potential. The methodological foundations for managing complex systems, which includes construction, are formed on the basis of a set of laws, regularities and concepts. The theory of management of technical potential cannot be formulated without methodological bases for solving the problem. The theory of effective management of the technical potential of construction is significant for the functioning of the industry first of all because of the limited technical resources. The solution of this problem can provide: development of production by progressive type that guarantees growth in volumes and quality of work, and institutionally regulated transformation at all hierarchical levels of management of construction production. Materials and methods: statistical, abstract-logical and constructive methods of investigation are applied. Results: the article describes the features of the management theory that are tied to the problem under consideration. The methodological foundations of effective management of the technical equipment of construction are indicated. Differences in the concepts of technical equipment and technical potential are established. An algorithm for solving the problem of effective management of technical potential in construction is proposed. Factors of efficiency of development and realization of technical potential of construction production are established. Conclusions: the problems described in the article should be considered as recommended methodological approaches to improving the management of technical potential of construction production as a human-machine system.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.231-239

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RATIONALE FOR THE PARADIGM OF DEVELOPMENT OF GEOTECHNOLOGY AND MINING EQUIPMENT THAT PROVIDE FOR MINING AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES IN THE ARCTIC

  • Vartanov Aleksandr Zarairovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Galchenko Yuriy Pavlovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Mining Engineer, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading researcher, Department of Mining and ecology, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Kalabin Gennadiy Valerianovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Mining and Ecology, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Petrov Ivan Vasilyevich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher; Professor of Development of Underground Space Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) in Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Fedash Anatoliy Vladimirovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Scientific and Technological and Information and Analytical Support of Research and Innovative Activity; Professor of Development of Underground Space Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) in Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.

Pages 240-248

Subject: a large-scale program for development of the Arctic territories requires construction of civil and industrial facilities, the use of a wide range of spatial resources, including the subsoil resources. Construction and mining activities are characterized by significant threats due to the risks of consequences of technogenic impact on the biota of the Arctic, given the considerable vulnerability of machinery and equipment to low temperatures, which requires the use of special construction geotechnologies and personnel with appropriate competencies. At the same time, severe climatic conditions require the use of high-performance equipment to minimize the participation of workers in the production process. Research objectives: for effective implementation of construction and mining activities in the Arctic territories, it is necessary, through consolidation of the efforts of academic science and industries and under conditions of import substitution, to provide for formation of a new branch of heavy machinery industry and supporting industries that take into account the specificity of the cryolithozone, and provide for creation of new geotechnologies that allow us to radically change the nature and intensity of technogenic destruction of biomes of the Arctic zone of Russia. Materials and methods: our research is based on normative and legislative documents regulating the development of the Arctic, as well as on the ideology of creating “green” high-performance geotechnologies. This ideology is based on the ideas of homeostatic transformation (realization) in the technosphere of the principles of the functioning of biological systems and the use of temperature resource of their abiota for preservation of vulnerable and unproductive biological communities of the Arctic zone. Results: the conducted series of studies allowed us to formulate the techno-ecological and methodological approaches to justification of parameters of high-performance geotechnologies, machines and equipment that provide for construction activities and mining operations in the Arctic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.240-248

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FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANISMS FOR ASSESSING RELIABILITY OF ENTERPRISES-PARTICIPANTS OF INVESTMENT-CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS AS ELEMENTS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

  • Voronkov Ivan Evgen’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Post-graduate student, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities, Senior Lecturer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 249-257

Subject: the subject of research of the author is elements, interrelations, processes that unite participants of investment-construction projects (ICP) at the stage of designing and functioning of organizational structures of ICP. Research objectives: the purpose of the study is to formulate conceptual proposals for developing the foundations of an objective mechanism for assessing the reliability of enterprises participating in ICP as elements of the organizational structure on the basis of analysis of Russian and international practices for monitoring the status of organizations and enterprises of various profiles and industries. Materials and methods: in the process of research, we analyzed the most fundamental methods and methodologies for evaluating consistency of organizations and enterprises developed and used by various rating agencies, regulating organizations, associations and state authorities. Results: analysis of the most frequently used methods and approaches to assessing consistency of organizations allowed us to establish conclusions about shortcomings of the methodologies as well as high complexity of their implementation and application for assessing the reliability of enterprises of the construction industry. A key drawback of existing approaches to enterprise reliability assessment is the significant concentration of researchers’ attention on assessing the financial and business performance of organizations’ activity at the expense of the assessment of organizational, technological, social and non-financial aspects. Conclusions: a way out of the existing contradiction is the use of already existing forms and methods of statistical observations of the activities of organizations developed by the Rosstat of Russia. Adaptation of the monitoring process, updating the content of the forms of observation can be used to develop a universal mechanism for assessing the reliability of enterprises participating in ICP.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.249-257

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