Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2014/7

Vestnik MGSU 2014/7

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7

Articles count - 19

Pages - 191

Dear reader!

  • Pahl Peter Jan - Technische Universität Berlin , Technische Universität Berlin, .

Pages 5-6

Download

ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Narkomfin house as a monument of cultural heritage

  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-17

Soviet architecture between 1917-1932 gave us the examples of genuine artistic and engineering design chef-d’oeuvres. The rationalism and constructivism were two main inseparable groups of modernist Soviet architecture. In 1922 leaders of rationalism - Nikolay Ladovskiy, Vladimir Krinskiy and Arthur Loleit founded ASNOVA (Association of New Architects). In 1925 Moisei Ginzburg, Alexander Vesnin, Viktor Vesnin and Ivan Leonidov founded OSA (Association of Contemporary Architects). Both of these organizations created well-known architecture of Soviet avant-garde. Russian civil engineers and architects maintained close comprehensive relations with their western colleagues. “Iron Curtain” became nonviolated border twenty years later. For the whole period of time since October (until 1932), Communist party demanded the collaboration between Soviet, European and American architects. Russian constructivists and Le Corbusier had very close and intensive relations between each other. OSA maintained regular contacts with Bauhaus (especially with Walther Gropius and Hannes Meyer). Their common principles and patterns enriched the architecture of the 20th century round the world. The Constructivist Narkomfin Communal House (Moisei Ginzburg and Ignati Milinis, 1930) from 1931 enhances the dynamism of the building’s innovative construction and utopian idealism. While Ginzburg had great success in the mid-1920s, he, along with the experimental architecture of the period, had fallen out of favor by the mid-1930s. Unlike the other examples of the lost vanguard, Narkomfin House isn’t ossified in both form and function. However, here the clean lines of the avant-garde are buried and muddled beneath the everyday needs of human inhabitants and the neglect of time. Despite of the foresaid, it remains an enduring symbol of this first epoch of Soviet history.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.7-17

References
  1. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ratsionalizm — “formalizm” [The Rationalism — “Formalism”]. Moscow, 2007, 496 p.
  2. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Suprematizm i arkhitektura (problemi formoobrazovaniya) [Suprematism and Architecture (the Problems of Shaping)]. Moscow, 2007, 520 p.
  3. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ivan Leonidov [Ivan Leonidov]. Moscow, 2009, 368 p.
  4. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Moisey G?nzburg. Moscow, 2007, 136 p.
  5. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Aleksandr Vesnin i konstruktivizm [Alexander Vesnin and the Constructivism]. Moscow, 2007, 412 p.
  6. Kosenkova Y.L. Opyt formirovaniya pravovoy osnovy sovetskogo gradostroitel’stva. 1920—1930-e gg. [The Experience of the Legal Basis of Soviet Civil Engineering Formation. 1920—1930s]. Gradostroitel’noe iskusstvo. Novye materialy i issledovaniya [Town Planning Art. New Materials and Researches]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 335—351.
  7. Kosenkova Y.L. Rayonnaya planirovka v SSSR. Opyt 1920—1930-kh godov [Regional Planning in the USSR. The Experience of 1920—1930s.]. Arhitekturnoe nasledstvo [Architectural Heritage]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 353—372.
  8. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki kul’tury Moskvy: iz proshlogo v budushchee [Moscow Cultural Monuments: from the Past to the Future]. Moscow, 2010, 168 p.
  9. Gin?s Garrido. Moisei G?nzburg. Escritos 1923—1930. Madrid: El Croquis editorial, 2007
  10. John W. Maerhofer. Rethinking the Vanguard: Aesthetic and Political Positions in the Modernist Debate, 1917—1962. Cambridge Scholars Publ., 2009, 215 p.
  11. Klaus von Beyme. Das Zeitalter der Avantgarden: Kunst und Gesellschaft 1905—1955. C.H. Beck, 2005, 995 p
  12. Ikonnikov A.V. Utopicheskoe myshlenie i arkhitektura [Utopian Thinking and Architecture]. Moscow, 2004, 333 p.
  13. Han-Magomedov S.O. M.Ya. Ginzburg. Zodchie Moskvi [Moscow Architects]. Moscow, 1988, pp. 218, 220.
  14. KPSS v rezolyutsiyakh i resheniyah s’ezdov, konferentsiy i plenumov TsK. Ch. I : 1898—1925 [CPSU in Resolutions and Decisions of Congresses, Conferences and CC Plenums. Part I: 1898—1925]. Moscow. Gospolitizdat Publ., 1953, 426 p.
  15. XVI konferentsiya VKP(b) [XVI Conference of All-Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik's)]. Stenograficheskiy otchet [Stenographic report]. Moscow, 1962, pp. 14—15.
  16. Aleshchenko N.M. Moskva v planah razvitiya i rekonstruktsii. 1918— 1985 [Moscow in the Development and Reconstruction Plans. 1918—1985]. Moscow, 2009, 50 p.

Download

Experience of restoration and reconstruction of architectural monuments: from engineering researches to projects implementation by scientists and students of MGSU

  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

For more than 20 years the author with his colleagues conducts engineering researches, design of restoration and reconstruction of various architectural monuments. Full cycles of works from engineering investigations to implementation of the own projects are executed on three objects: 1) architectural monument of the 19th century, the church in the museum preserve Abramtsevo (Moscow region), during 2005-2006; 2) a monument of Orthodox church history, a unique soil construction which is called "The Holy Ditch" in the village Diveevo (Nizhny Novgorod region) since 1997 to the present; 3) Church of Our Lady of Kazan also in Diveevo village during 1997-2002. For churches engineering researches are executed, calculations of the bases are made, ways of strengthening the bases are chosen, architectural projects of restoration are created. The church is restored by students under supervision of the experts from the university. The church in Diveevo was partially destroyed during the Soviet period. During restoration high-rise parts of the church were constructed. The works were performed by working restorers under control of the author of article in 2002-2004. Participation of students, masters, graduate students in restoration works had great educational value, gave to young people experience and knowledge. Students studied under professional restorers. Generalization is given in summary. D.S. Likhachyov's theory and our own experience are used. The principle of reconstructing barbarously destroyed engineering constructions, buildings and architectural complexes is formulated. It corresponds to the realities of the 21st century, new technological capabilities and requirements of modern society. Briefly: the reconstructed structure, in our opinion, has to face not only the past, but also the future. It is not always necessary to create the exact copy of the lost construction. Recreating the destroyed construction, it is necessary to apply new materials to increase the reliability and eliminate constructive imperfection of ancient constructions together with preserving old forms. Buildings and constructions have to be under construction anew mainly for performance of former functions, but the buildings have to meet modern requirements on the equipment and internal planning, modern technical norms. The project of the lost building needs to be made taking into account the change of environment. These provisions were successfully incarnated in the process of construction of St. Ditch in Diveev and they are also illustrated on the examples of the reconstruction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow and Frauenkiche in Dresden.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.18-27

References
  1. Paushkin G.A., Cherkasova L.I., Kryzhanovskiy A.L., Alekseev G.V. Problemy nadezhnosti osnovaniy i fundamentov khramovykh zdaniy na ostrove Anzer [Problems of Reliability of Bases and Foundations of Temple Buildings on the Island Anzer]. Problemy obespecheniya ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva: 4 Denisovskie chteniya, sbornik [Proceedings of the 4th Denisov Readings: Problems of Ensuring Ecological Safety of Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2008, pp. 126—134.
  2. Arts and Crafts. Von Morris bis Mackintosh — Reformbewegung zwischen Kunstgewerbe und Sozialutopie. Darmstadt, 1995, 152 S.
  3. Kunstlerkolonien in Europa im Zeichnen der Ebene und des Himmels. Ausstellungskatalog des Germanischen Nationalmuseums. Nurenberg, 2002, 124 S.
  4. Chernyshev S.N., Shcherbina E.V. Svyataya Bogorodichnaya Kanavka: prirodnye usloviya i tekhnicheskie resheniya po vossozdaniyu [St. Ditch: Environmental and Technical Solutions for Reconstruction]. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel'stva i sokhraneniya khramov Pravoslavnoy Rusi: sbornik trudov 2-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma [Proceeding of the 2-nd International Scientific and Practical Symposium "Environmental Conditions of Construction and Preservation of the Temples of Orthodox Russia]. Sergiev Posad, the Moscow Patriarchate Publ., 2005, pp. 247—253.
  5. Tserkov' Kazanskoy ikony Bozhiey Materi v Diveeve [Church of Our Lady of Kazan in Diveevo]. Moscow, Yabloko Publ., 2004, pp. 99—106.
  6. Kornilov A.M., Cherkasova L.I., Chernyshev S.N. Prognoz osadok fundamentov pravoslavnykh khramov pri ikh restavratsii s uchetom istorii nagruzheniya osnovaniya i osobennostey konstruktsii fundamentov na primere tserkvi Kazanskoy ikony Bozhiey Materi Sv.-Troitskogo Serafimo-Diveevskogo monastyrya [Forecast of Foundation Settlement of Orthodox Temples at their Restoration Taking into Account the History of the Basis Loading and Features of the Bases Design on the Example of Church of Our Lady of Kazan of St. Troitsky Serafimo-Diveevsky monastery]. Akademicheskie chteniya N.A.Tsytovicha: 2-e Denisovskie chteniya [Proceeding of the N.A.Tsytovich's academic readings: 2-nd Denisov readings]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2003, pp. 80—84.
  7. Darchiya V.I., Pashkevich S.A., Pulyaev I.S., Pustovgar A.P., Chernyshev S.N. Vliyanie usloviy osveshchennosti otkosov na ekspluatatsionnye svoystva geosinteticheskikh setok na osnove poliamida-6 / [Influence of Ambient Light on Slopes on the Performance Properties of Geosynthetic Grids Based on Polyamide-6]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 101—108.
  8. Chernyshev S.N., Timofeev V.Yu. Merzlotnye i gibridnye inzhenerno-geologicheskie protsessy v glinistykh gruntakh sooruzheniy Svyatoy Bogorodichnoy kanavki [Frost and Hybrid Engineering Geological Processes in Clay Soil of the Constructions of the St. Ditch]. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geology]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 68—72.
  9. Tazina N.G., Darchiya V.I. Sozdanie gazonnykh travostoev na ochen' krutykh sklonakh sil'noy zatenennosti v Diveeve [Creation the Lawn Herbages on Very Cool Slopes of Strong Opacity in Diveevo]. Resursosberegayushchie tekhnologii v lugovom kormoproizvodstve: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu kafedry lugovodstva. Sbornik [Resource-saving Technologies in a Meadow Forage Production. St. Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference Devoted to the 100 Anniversary of the Chair of Grassland Culture]. SPbGAU Publ., 2013, pp. 240—245.
  10. Batsukh N., Chernyshtv S.N., Surmaagav M., Tkachev V.N. Influence of Engineering-Geological Conditions in the Mongolian Architecture. The Engineering Geology of Ancient Works, Monuments and Historical Sites, Proceedings of International Symposium. IAEG, Athens, 1988, pp. 223—228.
  11. Likhachev D.S. Ekologiya kul'tury [Ecology of the Culture]. Moscow, 1979, no. 7, pp. 173—179.
  12. Chernyshev S.N. Ekologiya kul'tury — chast' ucheniya o noosfere, ideynoe osnovanie vossozdaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Culture in Ecology — a Part of the Noosphere, the Ideological Base in Reconstruction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 123—130.
  13. Volker Stoll, Carsten Leibenart. Geotechnische und Hydrogeologische Arbeiten fur den Wiederaufbau der Frauenkirche Dresden und deren Umfeld. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel'stva i sokhraneniya khramov pravoslavnoy Rusi: sbornik tezisov 5-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma [Proceeding of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Symposium "Environmental Conditions of Construction and Preservation of the Temples of Orthodox Russia]. N. Novgorod, 2013, pp. 41—49.

Download

DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Qualitative properties of one-dimensional fractional differential advection-diffusion equation

  • Isaeva Leyla Magametovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Aleroev Temirkhan Sultanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 28-33

An equation commonly used to describe solute transport in aquifers is called an advection-dispersion equation. It has been observed that in case of diffusion processes, where the diffusion takes place in a nonhomogeneous medium, the traditional Fick’s law is not satisfied and the classical advection-diffusion may not be adequate without detailed, decimeter-scale, information of the connectivity of high and low hydraulic conductivity sediments. The fractional advection-dispersion equation is presented as a useful approach for the description of transport dynamics in complex systems, which are governed by anomalous diffusion and non-exponential relaxation patterns. Fractional advection-dispersion equations are nonlocal, they describe transport affected by hydraulic conditions at a distance. Space-fractional advection-dispersion arise when velocity variations are heavy tailed and describe particle motion that accounts for variation in the flow field over the entire system. Time-fractional advection-dispersion equations arise as a result of power law particle residence time distributions and describe particle motion with memory in time. Due to vast range of applications of the fractional advection-dispersion equation, we have done a lot to find numerical solution and fundamental solution for this equation. Some authors have discussed the numerical approximation for the fractional advection-dispersion equation. The research on the analytical solution of boundary value problem for space-fractional advection-dispersion equation is relatively new and still at an early stage of development.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.28-33

References
  1. Benson D.A., Wheatcraft S.W., Meerschaert M.M. Application of a Fractional Advection-Dispersion Equation. Water Resources Research. 2000, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1403—1412. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000WR900031.
  2. Malamud M.M., Oridoroga L.L. On Some Questions of the Spectral Theory of Ordinary Differential Equations of Fractional Order. Dopov. NAN Ukr. 1998. No. 9. Pp. 39—47.
  3. Nakhushev A.M. Drobnoe ischislenie I ego primenenie [Fractional Calculation and its Application]. Moscow, 2003, 272 p.
  4. Bechilova A.R. O skhodimosti raznostnykh skhem dlya uravneniya diffuzii drobnogo poryadka [On the Convergence of Difference Schemes for Fractional Diffusion Equation of Order]. Nelineynye kraevye zadachi matematicheskoy fiziki i ikh prilozhenie [Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems of Mathematical Physics and Their Application]. Kiev, 1996, pp. 42—43.
  5. Nakhusheva V.A. Differentsial'nye uravneniya matematicheskikh modeley nelokal'nykh protsessov [Differential Equations of Mathematical Models of Non-Local Processes]. Moscow, 2006, 174 p.
  6. Khasambiev M.V. Ob odnoy kraevoy zadache dlya mnogomernogo drobnogo differentsial'nogo uravneniya advektsii-diffuzii [A Boundary Value Problem for a Multidimensional Fractional Differential Advection-Diffusion Equation]. Nelokal'nye kraevye zadachi i rodstvennye problemy sovremennogo analiza [Nonlocal Boundary Value Problems and Relevant Problems of Modern Analysis]. Terskol, 2013, pp. 79—85.
  7. Pskhu A.V. Kraevye zadachi dlya differentsial'nykh uravneniy s chastnymi proizvodnymi drobnogo i kontinual'nogo poryadka [Boundary Value Problems for Differential Equations with Fractional and Continuous Derivatives]. Nalchik, 2005, 186 p.
  8. Samarskiy A.A. Teoriya raznostnykh skhem [The Theory of Difference Schemes]. Moscow. Nauka Publ., 1983, 616 p.
  9. Aleroev T.S. Kraevye zadachi dlya differentsial'nykh uravneniy drobnogo poryadka [Boundary Value Problems for Differential Fraction Equations]. Doklady Adygskoy (Cherkesskoy) Mezhdunarodnoy akademii nauk [Reports of Circassian International Academy of Sciences]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 9—14.
  10. Pshu A.V. Uravneniya v chastnykh proizvodnykh drobnogo poryadka [Equations of Quotient Fractional Derived Numbers]. Ìoscow. Nauka Publ., 2005. 200 p.

Download

Asymptotic expansion of the integral with two parameters

  • Kuzmina Lyudmila Ivanovna - National Research Institute “Higher School of Economics” Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sciences, Professor Assistant, Department of Higher Mathematics of Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics, National Research Institute “Higher School of Economics”, 20 ulitsa Myasnitskaya, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Osipov Yuriy Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Sciences and Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 34-40

In our work we study a classic pursuit problem in which two material points - a Pursuer and a Pursued - move in a plane at constant velocities. The velocity vector of the Pursued does not change its direction and the velocity vector of the Pursuer turns and always aims at the Pursued. If the Pursuer moves at a higher speed, it will overtake the Pursued for any initial angle between velocity vectors. For example, a crane system simultaneously producing three movements: rotation, extension/retraction and luffing, may seize the cargo moving in a straight line while the crane is standing motionless. In the coordinate system of the Pursuer, the path length of the Pursued is given by an integral, depending on two parameters: the ratio of the initial velocities of two points and the initial angle between them. The theorem on the asymptotic integral expansion is formulated and proved considering the speed of the Pursuer is much greater than the speed of the Pursued. The first two nonzero terms of the asymptotic expansion provide fast convergence to the exact value of the integral because of the absence of the first- and the third-order asymptotic elements. The third nonzero element of the fifth order allows to determine the difference of path lengths corresponding to the adjacent initial angles between the velocities of the points.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.34-40

References
  1. Nahin Paul J. Chases and Escapes: The Mathematics of Pursuit and Evasion. Princeton University Press, 2007, 270 pp.
  2. Mungan C.E. A Classic Chase Problem Solved from a Physics Perspective. European Journal of Physics. 2005, vol. 26, pp. 985—990.
  3. Simoson A.J. Pursuit Curves for the Man in the Moone. The College Mathematics Journal. Washington, 2007, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 330—338.
  4. Rikhsiev B.B. Differentsial'nye igry s prostym dvizheniem [Differential Games with Simple Motion]. Tashkent, Fan Publ., 1989, 232 p.
  5. Bernhart A. Curves of Pursuit. Scripta Mathematica. 1954, vol. 20, pp. 125—141.
  6. Krasovskiy N.N. Igrovye zadachi o vstreche dvizheniy [Game Problems on the Meeting of Movements], Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1970, 420 p.
  7. Azamov A.A., Kuchkarov A.Sh., Samatov B.O. O svyazi mezhdu zadachami presledovaniya, upravlyaemosti i ustoychivosti v tselom v lineynykh sistemakh s raznotipnymi ogranicheniyami [The Relation between the Chase, Controllability and Overall Stability Problems in Linear Systems with Heterogeneous Constraints]. Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika [Applied Mathematics and Mechanics]. 2007, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 259—263.
  8. Barton J.C., Eliezer C.J. On Pursuit Curves. The Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society. Ser. B41, 2000, pp. 358—371.
  9. Kuzmina L.I., Osipov Yu.V. Raschet dliny traektorii dlya zadachi presledovanya [Path Length Calculation in the Pursuit Problem]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 20—26.
  10. Silagadze Z.K., Chashchina O.I. Zadacha presledovaniya zaytsa volkom kak uprazhnenie elementarnoy kinematiki [The Dog-and-rabbit Purcuit Problem as an Exercise in Introductory Kinematics]. Vestnik NGU, Seriya Fizika [Bulletin of Novosibirsk State University, Issue Physics]. 2010, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 111—115.
  11. Silagadze Z.K., Tarantsev G.I. Comment on ‘Note on the Dog-and-rabbit Chase Problem in Introductory Kinematics’. European Journal of Physics. 2010, vol. 31, pp. 37—38.
  12. Kuzmina L.I., Osipov Yu.V. Calculation of the Pursuit Curve Length. Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2013, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 31—39.
  13. Kuzmina L.I., Osipov Yu.V. Asimptotika dliny traektorii v zadache presledovaniya [Path Length Asymptotics in the Pursuit Problem]. Voprosy prikladnoy matematiki i vychislitel'noy mekhaniki [Problems of Applied Mathematics and Computational Mechanics]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2013, vol. 16, pp. 238—249.
  14. Maslov V.P. Asimptoticheskie metody i teoriya vozmushcheniy [Asymptotic Methods and Perturbation Theory]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988, 310 p.
  15. Olver F. Introduction to Asymptotics and Special Functions. New York, Academic Press, 1974, 375 p.

Download

Optimization of water-air regeneration of aerotank-bioreactor synthetic loading

  • Kul'kov Viktor Nikolaevich - Irkutsk State Technical University (IrGTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Utility Lines and Life Support Systems, Irkutsk State Technical University (IrGTU), 83 Lermontova str., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solopanov Eugeniy Yur'evich - Irkutsk State Technical University (IrGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Information Technologies, Irkutsk State Technical University (IrGTU), 83 Lermontova str., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zelenin Aleksandr Matveevich - Irkutsk State Technical University (IrGTU) Postgraduate Student, Department of Utility Lines and Life Support Systems, Irkutsk State Technical University (IrGTU), 83 Lermontova str., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 41-50

The article deals with water-air regeneration of immobilized sludge on aerotank-bioreactor brush loading. The researches of inert loading regeneration with water-air method were performed on a physical model of bioreactor representing a planar vertical cross section of the aeration tank volume-bioreactor. Water-air regeneration torch was provided through the ejection nozzles located under brush loading. The dependence of air flow inducing from the nozzles of the specific water flow delivered by the pump in the water circuit with a fixed number of nozzles from one to six is extreme. Increasing the number of nozzles led to an increase in specific water consumption and, accordingly, to an increase in water-air regeneration torch inducing. The authors obtained mathematical equations describing their interdependence with high degree of accuracy. They also determined the efficiency of inert loading regeneration depending on the number of working nozzles. Changing the number of nozzles with up to six units lead to increase of regeneration efficiency from 80 to 95 %. The resulting dependence allows us to calculate the number of nozzles on the projected volume of the aeration tank-bioreactor from the following relationship: one nozzle on the volume of water consumption equal to 0.04 m
3 with a fairly high efficiency air-water regeneration reaching 85 %.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.41-50

References
  1. Zhmur N.S. Tekhnologicheskie I biokhimicheskie protsessy ochistki stochnykh vod na sooruzheniyakh s aerotenkami [Technological and Biochemical Processes of Waste Water Treatment on Treatment Plants with Aerotanks]. Moscow, 2003, 512 p.
  2. Kulikov N.I, Raimanov A.Y., Omel'chenko N.P., Chernyshov V.N. Teoreticheskie osnovy ochistki vody [Theoretical Foundations of Water Cleaning]. Makeevka, 2009, 298 p.
  3. Hentse M., Armoes P., La-Cour-Jansen J., Arvan E. Ochistka stochnykh vod [Sewage Treatment]. Moscow, 2004, 480 p.
  4. Chua H.C., Arnot T.C., Howell J.A. Controlling Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors Operated with a Variable Throughput. Desalination. 2002, vol. 149, no. 1—3, pð. 225—229. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00764-6.
  5. Springer Andrew. Loading for the Immobilization of Microorganisms in the Biological Cleaning of Sewage Systems. Water and Waste Treat. 2007, vol. 50, no. 2, pð. 22—23.
  6. Qiyong Yang, Jihua Chen, Feng Zhang. Kontrol' zagryazneniya membrany v pogruzhnykh membrannykh bioreaktorakh s poristoy plavayushchey zagruzkoy [Membrane Fouling Control in a Submerged Membrane Bioreactor with Porous, Flexible Suspended Carriers]. Voda i ekologiya [Water and Ecology]. 2008, no. 1, pp. 33—47.
  7. Litti Yu.V., Nekrasov V.K., Kulikov N.I. Obnaruzhenie anaerobnykh protsessov i mikroorganizmov v immobilizovannom aktivnom ile stantsii ochistki stochnykh vod s intensivnoy aeratsiey [Detection of Anaerobic Processes and Microorganisms in the Immobilized Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Plants with Intensive Aeration]. Mikrobiologiya [Microbiology]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 25—28.
  8. Globa L.I., Gvozdyak P.I., Zagornaya N.B., Nikovskaya G.N., Fedorik S.V., Yablonskaya L.I. Ochistka prirodnoy vody gidrobiontami, zakreplennymi na voloknistykh nasadkakh [Cleaning of Natural Water Hydrobionts Nozzles Attached to the Fibrous]. Khimiya i tekhnologiya vody [Chemistry and Technology of Water]. 1992, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 63—67.
  9. Udo Wiesmann, In Su Choi, Eva-Maria Dombrowski. Fundamentals of Biological Wastewater Treatment. Weinheim, 2007, 255 p.
  10. Omel'chenko N.P., Kovalenko L.I. Voloknistye nasadki dlya system ochistki vody [Fiber Nozzles for Water Cleaning Systems]. Problemy ekologii [Environmental Problems]. Donetsk, 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 12—17.
  11. Mahro Bernd. Denitrification Processes in Wastewater Treatment. KA — Abwasser, Abfall. 2006, 53, no. 9, pp. 916—919.
  12. Osadchiy V.F., Yaremenko L.V. Tsirkulyatsionnyy aerotenk s inertnym napolnitelem [Circulation Aerotank With an Inert Filler]. Sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa «EKVATEK-2006», Moskva, 30 maya—2 iyunya [Collection of Reports of the International Congress "EKVATEK -2006", Moscow, May 30 — June 2]. Moscow, 2006, vol. 2, pp. 754—755.
  13. Slovtsov A.A. Sovershenstvovanie protsessov biologicheskoy ochistki stochnykh vod s pomoshch’yu prikreplennykh biotsenozov [Improving Processes of Biological Cleaning of Wastewaters Using Attached Biocenosis]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2008, no. 3, ðp. 80—85.
  14. Kulikov N.I, Kulikova Å.N., Fåsånêî L.N., Êràsàvêin G.Â. Patent 229858 RU, MÊP6Ñ02 F1/24, Â01 D1/14. Flîtîustànîvêà dlyia îchistki proizvodstvennykh stochnykh vod [Flotation Plant for Industrial Wastewater]. No. 2005122802/15. App. 18.07.05. Publ. 27.05.07. Priority 18.07.05.
  15. Kul'kov V.N., Solopanov E.Yu., Zelenin A.M. Vliyanie gazovoy sostavlyayushchey na effektivnost' vodo-vozdushnoy regeneratsii ershovoy zagruzki v bioreaktore [Gas Component Influence on Water-Air Regeneration of Brush Loading in Bioreactor]. Vestnik IrGTU [Proceedings of Irkutsk State Technological University]. Irkutsk, 2012, no. 11, ðp. 112—118.
  16. Sosna V.M., Zelenin A.M., Solopanov E.Y. Regeneratsiya immobilizovannogo ila nakhodyashchegosya na ershovoy zagruzke v aerotank [Regeneration of Immobilized Sludge Located on Brush Loading in Aerotank]. Sbornik trudov 15 Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii Neryungri [Materials of the 15th All-Russian Research-to-Practice Conference in Nerungri]. Nerungri, 2014, ðp. 53—56.

Download

Bearing capacity of corroded bending reinforced concrete element

  • Larionov Evgeniy Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Advanced Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow,129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 51-63

Many Russian and foreign scientists studied in their works bearing capacity of reinforced concrete elements. The principal difference of the presented approaches from the traditional ones is that they lack the necessity of artificial sizing as improbable for simultaneous getting preset limit values of corresponding parameters. In our paper we evaluated the bending moment, giving rise to limit stress strain behavior of corroded reinforced concrete beams with corroded concrete and tensile reinforcement. In order to reduce and simplify calculations we consider single reinforcement and ignore tensile reinforcement resistance, and in order to emphasize the idea of the approach we assume noncorrosiveness. The results of concrete stress strain state analysis are more reliable.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.51-63

References
  1. Guzeev E.A., Mutin A.A., Basova L.N. Deformativnost' i treshchinostoykost' szhatykh armirovannykh elementov pri dlitel'nom nagruzhenii i deystvii zhidkikh sred [Deformability and Crack Resistance of Compressed Reinforced Elements with Long-Term Loading in Fluids]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1984, 34 p.
  2. Komokhov P.P., Latynov V.I., Latynova M.V. Dolgovechnost' betona i zhelezobetona [Longevity of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. Ufa, Belaya reka Publ., 1998, 216 p.
  3. Bondarenko V.M. Nekotorye fundamental'nye voprosy razvitiya teorii zhelezobetona [Some Fundamental Questions of Reinforced Concrete Theory Development]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 20—34.
  4. Bondarenko V.M., Larionov E.A., Bashkatova M.E. Otsenka prochnosti izgibaemogo zhelezobetonnogo elementa [Evaluation of Bending Reinforced Element Strength] Izvestiya OrelGTU [News of Orel State Technological University]. 2007, no. 2 (14), pp. 25—28.
  5. Bondarenko V.M., Larionov E.A. Printsip nalozheniya deformatsiy pri strukturnykh povrezhdeniyakh elementov konstruktsiy [Deformation Superposition Frequency in Structural Damages of Construction Elements]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Engineering Structures and Buildings]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 16—22.
  6. Aleksandrov A.B., Travush V.I., Matveev A.B. O raschete sterzhnevykh konstruktsiy na ustoychivost' [Collapse Method of Structural Design for Frame Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2002, no. 3, pp. 16—19.
  7. Uliti V.V. Deformatsionnyy kriteriy pri analize ustoychivosti i prodol'nogo izgiba v usloviyakh fizicheskoy nelineynosti [Deformation Criterion in Rigidity and Buckling Analysis in Physical Nonlinearity]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Structural Analysis]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 34—39.
  8. Beddar M. Fiber Reinforced Concrete: Past, Present and Future. Beton i zhelezobeton — puti razvitiya: nauchnye trudy 2-y Vserossiyskoy (Mezhdunarodnoy) konferentsii po betonu i zhelezobetonu [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete — Development Path: Scientific Works of the 2nd All-Russian (International) Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. Ìoscow, Dipak Publ., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 228—234.
  9. Hillerborg A., Modar M., Peterson P. Analysis of Crack Formation and Crack Grows in Concrete by Means of Fracture Mechanics and Finite Elements. Cem. and Concr. Res. 1976, no. 6, pp. 773—781.
  10. Pekau Î.A., Syamal Ð.Ê. Non-Linear Torsional Coupling in Symmetric Structures. J. Sound and Vibration. 1984, vol. 94, no. l, pp. 1—18.
  11. Kilar V., Fajfar P. Simple Push-Over Analysis of Asymmetric Buildings. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics. 1997, no. 26, pp. 233—249. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845(199702)26:2<233::AIDEQE641>3.0.CO;2-A
  12. Tso W.K. Induced Torsional Oscillations in Symmetrical Structures. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics. 1975, pp. 337—346. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eqe.4290030404.
  13. Bondarenko V.M., Ivanov A.I., Piskunov A.V. Opredelenie korroziynykh poter' nesushchey sposobnosti szhatykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov pri reshenii po SNiP [Defining Corrosion Damages of Bearing Capacity of Compressed Reinforced Concrete Elements According to Construction Norms and Rules]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 26—28.
  14. Bondarenko V.M., Kolchunov V.I., Klyueva N.V. Eshche raz o konstruktivnoy bezopasnosti i zhivuchesti zdaniy [Once Again on Constructive Building Security and Survivability]. RAASN. Vestnik otdeleniya stroitel'nykh nauk. Yubileynyy vypusk [Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences. Reports of Structural Sciences Department. Anniversary Issue]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 81—86.
  15. Bondarenko V.M. O vliyanii korrozionnykh povrezhdeniy na dissipatsiyu energii pri silovom deformirovanii betona [Corrosive Effect on Energy Dissipation in Force Deformation of Concrete]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 24—28.

Download

Influence of the contact area and value of the linearly distributed and concentrated mass with a circular cylindrical shell on the frequency and modes of natural oscillations

  • Seregin Sergey Valer'evich - Komsomolsk on Amur State Technical University (KnAGTU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction and Architecture, Komsomolsk on Amur State Technical University (KnAGTU), 27 Lenina st, Komsomolsk on Amur, 681013, Russian Federation; (4217) 24-11-41; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 64-74

Finite element method shows the influence of the joining area and the relative value of linearly distributed mass along the angular coordinate and concentrated mass on natural oscillations and forms of a closed, circular cylindrical shell. We defined the ranges of concentrated and linearly distributed mass, added to a shell. The variation of the concentrated mass contact area markedly affects the lower frequency of the "shell-mass" system, in this connection, reducing the area of the shell leads to a marked decrease of the lowest split natural frequencies. The greatest of split natural frequencies decreases markedly with the increasing of contact area. More complex (mixed) oscillation modes of the "shell-mass" are detected. Dependence of the geometric characteristics of the shell with a concentrated mass of the lower split natural frequencies lower tone of oscillations, thus, revealing the dependence of frequencies on the length of the sheath. Linear contact area variation of the added mass and the circular coordinate has little effect on the oscillation frequency of the "shell-mass" system.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.64-74

References
  1. Zarutskiy V. A., Telalov A. I. Kolebaniya tonkostennykh obolochek s konstruktivnymi osobennostyami. Obzor eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy [Oscillations of Thin Shells with Design Features. Experimental Researches]. Prikladnaya mekhanika [Applied Mechanics]. 1991, vol. 278, no. 4, pp. 3—9.
  2. Avramov K.V., Pellicano F. Dynamical Instability of Cylindrical Shell with Big Mass at the End. Reports of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine. 2006, no. 5, pp. 41—46.
  3. Seregin S.V. Issledovanie dinamicheskikh kharakteristik obolochek s otverstiyami i prisoedinennoy massoy [Research of Dynamic Shell Properties with Holes and Added Mass]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 52—58.
  4. Kubenko V.D., Koval'chuk P.S., Krasnopol'skaya T.S. Nelineynoe vzaimodeystvie form izgibnykh kolebaniy tsilindricheskikh obolochek [Nonlinear Interaction of Flexural Cylindrical Shell Oscillations]. Kiev, 1984, 220 p.
  5. Andreev L.V., Dyshko A.L., Pavlenko I.D. Dinamika plastin i obolochek s sosredotochennymi massami [Dynamics of Plates and Shells with Concentrated Masses]. Moscow, 1988, 200 p.
  6. Kubenko V.D., Koval’chuk P.S. Experimental Studies of the Oscillations and Dynamic Stability of Laminated Composite Shells. International Applied Mechanics. 2009, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 514—533. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10778-009-0209-4.
  7. Sivak V.F., Sivak V.V. Experimental Investigation into the Oscillations of Shells of Revolution with Added Masses. International Applied Mechanics. 2002, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 623—627.
  8. Seregin S.V. Vliyanie prisoedinennogo tela na chastoty i formy svobodnykh kolebaniy tsilindricheskikh obolochek [Influence of Attached Body on Natural Oscillation Frequency Modes]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Building Mechanics and Calculation Installations]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 35— 39.
  9. Trotsenko Yu.V. Frequencies and Modes of Cylindrical Shell Oscillation with Attached Stiff Body. Journal of Sound and Oscillation. 2006, vol. 292, no. 3—5, pp. 535—551.
  10. Amabili M., Garziera R., Carra S. The Effect Rotary Inertia of Added Masses on Oscillations of Empty and Fluid-filled Circular Cylindrical Shells. Journal of Fluids and Structures. 2005, vol. 21, no. 5—7, ðp. 449—458.
  11. Mallon N.J. Dynamic Stability of a Thin Cylindrical Shell with Top Mass Subjected to Harmonic Base-Acceleration. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2008, vol. 45 (6), pp. 1587—1613.
  12. Amabili M., Garziera R., Carra S. The Effect of Rotary Inertia of Added Masses on Oscillations of Empty and Fluidfilled Circular Cylindrical Shells. Journal of Fluids and Structures. 2005, vol. 21, no. 5—7, pp. 449—458.
  13. Amabili M., Garziera R. Oscillations of Circular Cylindrical Shells with Nonuniform Constraints, Elastic Bed and Added Mass. Part III: Steady Viscous Effects on Shells Conveying Fluid. Journal of Fluids and Structures. 2002, vol. 16, no. 6, pð. 795—809.
  14. Leyzerovich G.S., Prikhod'ko N.B., Seregin S.V. O vliyanii maloy prisoedinennoy massy na kolebaniya raznotolshchinnogo krugovogo kol'tsa [Influence of Low Added Mass on Oscillations of Circular Spline with Varied Thickness]. Stroitel'stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Building and Reconstruction]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 38—41.
  15. Leyzerovich G.S., Prikhod'ko N.B. Seregin S.V. O vliyanii maloy prisoedinennoy massy na rasshcheplenie chastotnogo spektra krugovogo kol'tsa s nachal'nymi nepravil'nostyami [Influence of Low Added Mass on Frequency Spectrum of Circular Spline with Initial Imperfections]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Structural Analysis]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 49—51.
  16. Khalili S.M.R., Tafazoli S. Malekzadeh K. Fard. Natural Oscillations of Laminated Composite Shells with Uniformly Distributed Added Mass Using Higher Order Shell Theory Including Stiffness Effect. Journal of Sound and Oscillation. 2011, vol. 330, no. 26, ðð. 6355—6371.

Download

BEDDINGS AND FOUNDATIONS, SUBTERRANEAN STRUCTURES. SOIL MECHANICS

Analysis of the properties of frame structures on elastic pliable foundation with sensitivity functions

  • Dmitriev Gennadiy Nikiforovich - Chuvash State University (CSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures, Chuvash State University (CSU), 15 Moskovskiy pr., Cheboksary, 428015, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shatovkin Semen Aleksandrovich - Chuvash State University (CSU) Postgraduate Student, Department of Building Structures, Chuvash State University (CSU), 15 Moskovskiy pr., Cheboksary, 428015, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 75-84

The authors modified classical dummy-unit load method by adding elastic pliable foundation in the computation scheme. System attributes (internal force and foundation settlements) were obtained in symbolic form. Sensitivity functions were computed as direct system attributes differential with respect to a specific parameter. The developed method analyzes the structures’ properties with pliable foundation with sensitivity functions on the entire set of parameters. Using the above method, we observed the properties of the three-bay single-storey flat frame, computed sensitivity coefficients of a relative difference foundation settlements and the maximum bending moment of design frame parameters. Structural analysis without considering pliable base corresponds to a model with incompressible foundation. Practically such grounds are rare. Pliable base leads to displacement of the foundations, which in turn changes the stress-strain state of structures. Calculation of foundation settlements as freestanding unrelated elements also leads to errors. In general, settlement of any foundation leads to additional forces in the elements of the entire system, and hence to additional settlement of the remaining foundations. This issue is especially important for frame structures with freestanding foundations, such as joint foundation settlements caused by the stiffness of the structural elements of the frame. Thus, the analysis of foundation and frame elements collaboration based on sensitivity functions helps to assess the impact of system parameters on its properties. Purposeful reduction of the design parameters of the frame elements reduced the relative differential foundation settlements from 0.00213 to 0.00197 and the maximum bending moment from 781.2 kN∙m to 738.6 kN∙m.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.75-84

References
  1. Andreev V.I., Barmenkova E.V., Matveeva A.V. O nelineynom effekte pri raschete konstruktsii i fundamenta s uchetom ikh sovmestnoy raboty [On Nonlinear Effects in Calculating Structures and Foundations with Consideration of their Collaboration]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel'stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2010, no. 9, pp. 95—99.
  2. Morgun A.S., Met' I.N. Uchet pereraspredeleniya usiliy pri issledovanii napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya sovmestnoy raboty sistemy "osnovanie — fundament — sooruzhenie" [Accounting for Efforts’ Redistribution in the Study of Stress-Strain State of Collaboration System "Ground — Foundation — Structure"]. Nauchnye trudy Vinnitskogo natsional'nogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [ScientificWorks of Vinnytsia National Technical University]. 2009, no. 2. Available at: http://praci.vntu.edu.ua/article/view/1091. Date of access: 2.05.2014.
  3. Ivanov M.L. Razrabotka i chislennaya realizatsiya matematicheskoy modeli prostranstvennoy sistemy «zdanie — fundament — osnovanie» [Development and Numerical Implementation of Mathematical Model of "Building — Foundation — Ground" Spatial System]. Intellektual'nye sistemy v proizvodstve [Intelligent Systems in Manufacturing]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 24—35.
  4. Gorodetskiy A.S., Batrak L.G., Gorodetskiy D.A., Laznyuk M.V., Yusipenko S.V. Raschet i proektirovanie vysotnykh zdaniy iz monolitnogo zhelezobetona [Calculation and Design of Reinforced Concrete High-Rise Buildings]. Kiev, Fakt Publ., 2004, 106 p.
  5. Perel'muter A.V., Slivker V.I. Raschetnye modeli sooruzheniy i vozmozhnost' ikh analiza [Design Structural Models and the Possibility of Their Analysis]. Kiev, Stal' Publ., 2002, 600 p.
  6. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp'yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [Computer Structural Models]. 2nd edition. Kiev, Fakt Publ., 2007, 394 p.
  7. Haug E.J., Arora J.S. Applied Optimal Design: Mechanical and Structural Systems. New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1979, 506 p.
  8. Haug E.J., Choi K.K., Komkov V. Design Sensitivity Analysis of Structural Systems. Orlando, Academic Press, 1986, 381 p.
  9. Atrek E., Gallagher R.H., Ragsdell K.M., Zienkiewicz O.C. New Directions in Optimum Structural Design. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 1984, 750 p.
  10. Borisevich A.A. Obshchie uravneniya stroitel'noy mekhaniki i optimal'noe proektirovanie konstruktsiy [General Equations of Structural Mechanics and Optimum Structural Design]. Minsk, Dizain PRO Publ., 1998, 144 p.
  11. Gill P.E., Murray W., Wright M.H. Practical Optimization. Stanford, Academic Press, 1981, 401 p.
  12. Klepikov S.N. Raschet konstruktsiy na uprugom osnovanii [Calculation of Structures on Elastic Ground]. Kiev, Budivel'nik Publ., 1967, 183 p.
  13. Simvulidi I.A. Raschet inzhenernykh konstruktsiy na uprugom osnovanii [Calculation of Engineering Structures on Elastic Ground]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1973, 431 p.
  14. Rozenvasser E.N., Yusupov R.M. Chuvstvitel'nost' sistem upravleniya [Control Systems Sensitivity]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1981, 464 p.
  15. Sage A.P., White C.C. Optimum Systems Control. New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, 1968, 562 p.

Download

RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Glass-ceramic cellular material based on dispersed glass

  • Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, scientific supervisor, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ketov Petr Aleksandrovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) postgraduate student, Department of Environmental Protection, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospect, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoscology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26, Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 85-92

High thermal resistance of heat insulating materials in real conditions is due to the presence of isolated gas cavities, usually air, in the material content. In order to create a cellular glass-ceramic material based on dispersed glass with high consumer characteristics and acceptable cost it’s necessary to change sulfate powder technology of making foam glass and replace the use of specialty glass to waste glass at low temperatures of glass forming. The use of waste glass as a raw material solves an important environmental problem. High level of vapor permeability of foam glass would extend the use of this material in fencing constructions. Heat treating of dispersed glass composite material in the matrix of hydrate sodium polysilicates leads to the formation of porous structured glass-ceramic with high heat insulating parameters. Engineering proposal allows using waste glass as a raw material instead of specialty glass.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.85-92

References
  1. Demidovich B.K. Penosteklo [Foam Glass]. Minsk, Nauka i Tekhnika Publ., 1975, 248 p.
  2. Schlil F. P?nov? sklo : v?roba a pou?it?. Praha, SNTL, 1962, 269 p.
  3. Bayars E.A., Zhu H., Meyer C. Use of Waste Glass for Construction Products: Legislative and Technical Issues. Recycling and Reuse of Waste Materials: Proceedings of the International Symposium. Dundee, Scotland, 2003, pp. 827—838.
  4. Melkonyan R.G. Amorfnye gornye porody i steklovarenie [Amorphous Mine Rock and Glass Melting]. Moscow, NIA-Priroda Publ., 2002, 264 p.
  5. Ketov P.A. Poluchenie stroitel'nykh materialov iz gidratirovannykh polisilikatov [Making Constructional Materials of Hydrated Polysilicates]. Stroitel'nye materially [Constructional Materials]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 22—24.
  6. Bentoa A.C., Kubaskib E.T., Sequinelc T., Pianaroa S.A., Varelac J.A., Tebcherania S.M. Glass Foam of Macroporosity Using Glass Waste and Sodium Hydroxide as the Foaming Agent. Ceramics International. 2013, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 2423—2430. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.09.002.
  7. Vaysman Ya.I., Ketov A.A., Ketov P.A. Poluchenie vspenennykh materialov na osnove sinteziruemykh silikatnykh stekol [Making Foam Materials at the Base of Synthesized Silicate Glasses]. Zhurnal prikladnoy khimii [Applied Chemistry Journal]. 2013, vol. 86, no. 7, pp. 1016—1021.
  8. Puzanov S.I., Ketov A.A. Kompleksnaya pererabotka stekloboya v proizvodstve stroitel'nykh materialov [Overall Processing Waste in Constructional Materials Production]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii [Russian Environment and Industry]. 2009, no. 12, pp. 4—7.
  9. Zhuk P.M. Sistema otsenki ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti po zhiznennomu tsiklu neorganicheskikh voloknistykh teploizolyatsionnykh materialov [Evaluation System of Ecological Safety on Life Cycle of Inorganic Fibrous Heat-Insulting Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 118—122.
  10. Appen A.A. Khimiya stekla [Glass Chemistry]. Leningrad, 1974, 352 p.
  11. Strnad Z. Skelne? krystalicke? materia?ly. Praha, 1983, 230 p.
  12. Bezborodov M.A. Steklokristallicheskie materialy (sintez, sostavy, stroenie, svoystva) [Glass Ceramic Materials (Synthesis, Compositions, Structure, Properties)]. Minsk, Science and Technique Publ., 1982, 256 p.
  13. McMillan P.W. Glass-Ceramics. London. New York, Academic Press, 1964, 229 p.
  14. Umnyakova N.P. Dolgovechnost' trekhsloynykh sten s oblitsovkoy iz kirpicha s vysokim urovnem teplovoy zashchity [Longevity of Three-layer Walls with Heat Insulated Brick facing]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 94—100.
  15. Valuyskikh V.P., Strizhova S.V., Lisenkov K.V. Temperaturnye rezhimy raboty kamennykh i trekhsloynykh ograzhdayushchikh sten [Service Temperatures of Stone and Three-layered Fence Walls]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 155—160.

Download

Increasing energy efficiency of wall materials with the help of cenospheres

  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bessonov Igor' Vyacheslavovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) Candidate of Technical Sciences, leading research worker, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sapelin Andrey Nikolayevich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) postgraduate student, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Natal'ya Vladimirovna - Xella-Aeroblock-Centre head, Technical Support Department, Xella-Aeroblock-Centre, 93/2 Rabochaya str., Moscow, 109544, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-100

Hollow filling by brick mortar may take place in engineering structures with hollow tiles, which leads to thermal properties worsening of a construction. One of solutions to the problem of increasing energy efficiency of enveloping structures is the development of heat insulation material based on cenospheres with increased strength and decreased thermal conductivity in case of operational watering. Homogeneous construction systems based on cellular concrete and porous ceramics meet the structural requirements and also provide required thermal performance. In order to improve operational characteristics of enclosing structures it is possible to apply ceramic materials with effective high porous filler. Manufacturing technology of materials based on high porous filler and clay does not require significant capital expenditures to upgrade existing facilities and it’s similar to technology of ceramic wall materials.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.93-100

References
  1. Gagarin V.G. Makroekonomicheskie aspekty obosnovaniya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy pri povyshenii teplozashchity ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy [Macro-economic Aspects of Energy Saving Measures’ Substantiation by Increasing Thermal Protection of Enclosing Structures of Buildings]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 8—16.
  2. Shmelev S.E. Puti vybora optimal'nogo nabora energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Ways of Selecting the Optimal Set of Energy-saving Measures]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 7—9.
  3. Ashmarin G.D., Salakhov A.M., Boltakova N.V., Morozov V.P., Gerashchenko V.N., Salakhova R.A. Vliyanie porovogo prostranstva na prochnostnye kharakteristiki keramiki [The Influence of Pore Space on the Strength Behaviour of Ceramics]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 24—30.
  4. De Lange R.S.A., Hekkink J.H.H., Keizer K., Burggraaf A.J. Microporous sol-gel Modified Membranes for Hydrogen Separation. In Proceedings of ICIM-2, 1—4 July, 1991. Montpellier, France. Key Engineering Materials. Trans. Tech. Publishers, Zurich, Switzerland, 1992, vol. 61—62, pp. 77—82.
  5. Baker R.B. Membrane Technology and Applications. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2004, 538 p.
  6. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Printsipy sozdaniya novykh stroitel'nykh materialov [Principles of Creation of New Construction Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [VolgGASU Internet Bulletin. Series: Polytopical]. 2012, no. 3 (23). Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/RumyantsevZhukov-2012_3(23).pdf.
  7. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Teploprovodnost' vysokoporistykh materialov [Heat Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114.
  8. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Teoreticheskie predposylki rascheta privedennogo soprotivleniya teploperedache ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Theoretical Premises of the Calculation of Reduced Resistance to Heat Transfer of Enclosing Structures]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 12, pp. 4—12.
  9. Grigorieva T.F., Vorsina I.A., Barinova A.P., Boldyrev V.V. Mechanochemical Interaction of the Kaolinite with the Solid State Acids. XIII International Symposium on the Reactivity of Solids. Hamburg, Germany, Abstr. and Program, 1996, p. 132.
  10. Moore F. Rheology of Ceramic Systems. Institute of Ceramics Textbook Series, Applied Science Publishers, 1965, 170 p.
  11. Vos B., Boekwijt W. Ausf?llung des Hohlraumes in bestehengen Hohlmauern. Gesundheits-Ingenier, 1974, no. 4, pp. 36—40.
  12. Oreshkin D.V. Vysokokachestvennye tsementnye tamponazhnye materialy s polymi steklyannymi mikrosferami [High Quality Oil-well Cement Materials with Hollow Glass Microspheres]. Stroitel'stvo neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na more [Construction of Oil and Gas Wells on Land and Sea]. 2003, no. 7, pp. 20—31.
  13. Sapelin A.N. Sorbtsionnye svoystva stenovykh materialov s primeneniem mikrosfer [Sorptive Properties of the Wall Materials Using Microspheres]. Academia. Arkhitektura I stroitel'stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 101—104.
  14. Sapelin A.N., Bessonov I.V. Koeffitsienty struktury kak kriteriy otsenki teplotekhnicheskogo kachestva stroitel'nykh materialov [Pattern Coefficients as a Criterion for Assessing Thermal Performance of Construction Materials]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 26—28.
  15. Pedersen T. Experience with Selee Open Pore Foam Structure as a Filter in Aluminium Continuous Rod Casting and Rolling. Wire Journal. 1979, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 74—77.
  16. Worral W.E. Clays and Ceramic Raw Materials. Great Britan, University of Leeds, 1978, 277 p.
  17. Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V., Zelenshchikov D.B., Khimich A.O. Thermal Treatment of the Mineral Wool Mat. Advanced Materials Research (Switzerland). 2014, vol. 838—841, pp. 196—200.
  18. Hall Ch.A.S. Energy Return on Investment: Introduction to Special Issue on New Studies in EROI. 2011, no. 3 (10), pp. 1773—1777. Available at: www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/3/10/1773. Date of access: 15.01.2014.

Download

SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Trenchless renovation of worn-out pipelines through their prior destruction and dragging new polymer pipes in place of the old

  • Orlov Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Water Supply and Waste Water Treatment, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bogomolova Irina Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gureeva Irina Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-109

The authors present an analysis of effective methods of trenchless renovation of worn-out pipelines for water supply and wastewater disposal systems by means of prior destruction and dragging the new polymer pipes in the free space. The analysis of the devices for the destruction of the pipeline by trenchless methods, which include the pneumatic hammers, the wideners, petal cutters of various designs, is given. The article describes the conditions for application of different types of devices for destruction of pipelines, in particular, the range of destructible diameters and ROP. A fundamental condition for the effective work on the destruction of old pipes and dragging polymer and other pipes is the correct selection of conical reamers (their length and material, the angle of approach, the presence and number of cutting blades of a certain form, blades, etc.). Depending on the type of pipe (the strength of the wall) can be used to smooth the lead-in part of extenders or equipped with cutting lengthwise or roller blades. Tips-chopping knives, regardless of their design differences act like a can opener, slitting line into two or more parts and then pressing them into the surrounding soil and ensuring the free passage of the new extender conical pipes. The average speed of movement with destructive tip is about 80 m/h. A speed reduction is observed only when passing through the tip of the screw connections of the pipes. The work on restoration of old pipe sections shall be conducted in accordance with technological regulations, including preparations, which include inspection, skipping rope, winch procleaning, etc.), the main (construction) and final (dismantling) work that are associated with all stages of the process of the destructing the old and dragging a new pipeline. Particular attention is paid to foreign experience of trenchless renovation for steel pipes with couplings roller blades. The authors present the characteristics of renovation, approaches to the destruction of the old pipeline, in particular, the tests to assess the effectiveness of cutting pipe cutting devices. The technical process indicators are offered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.101-109

References
  1. Khramenkov S.V. Strategiya modernizatsii vodoprovodnoy seti [Strategy of Modernization of Water Supply Networks]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 2005, 398 p.
  2. Khramenkov S.V., Primin O.G., Otstavnov A.A. Ispol'zovanie polietilenovykh trub dlya sistem vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya [Use of Polyethylene Pipes for Water Supply and Sanitation]. Moscow, Sovremennaya poligrafiya Publ., 2010, 318 p.
  3. Rybakov A.P. Osnovy bestransheynykh tekhnologiy [Basics of Trenchless Technologies]. Moscow, PressByuro Publ., 2005, 304 p.
  4. Khramenkov S.V., Orlov V.A., Khar'kin V.A. Optimizatsiya vosstanovleniya vodootvodyashchikh setey [Optimization of Gravity Networks Restoration]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 2002, 160 p.
  5. Kuliczkowski A., Kuliczkowska E., Zwierzchowska A. Technologie beswykopowe w inzeynierii srodowiska. Wydawnictwo Seidel-Przywecki Sp., 2010, 735 p.
  6. Otstavnov A.A., Orlov E.V., Khantaev I.S. Pervoocherednost' vosstanovleniya truboprovodov vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya [Priority Order of pipeline rehabilitation of water supply and sewerage]. Stroitel'nyy inzhiniring [Journal of Construction Engineering]. 2007, no. 10, pp. 44—49.
  7. Zwierzchowska A. Technologie bezwykopowej budowy sieci gazowych, wodociagowych i kanalizacyjnych. Politechnika swietokrzyska. 2006, 180 p.
  8. Rameil M. Handbook of Pipe Bursting Practice. Vulkan verlag, 2007, 351 p.
  9. Otstavnov A.A. Sovremennye materialy i tekhnologii dlya realizatsii zadach reformy ZhKKh [Modern Materials and Technologies to Achieve the Objectives of Housing Reform]. Santekhnika [Journal of Plumbing]. 2004, no. 4, pp. 2—4.
  10. Goncharenko D.F., Korin'ko I.V. Remont i vosstanovlenie kanalizatsionnykh setey [Repairs and Reconstruction of Sewage Systems]. Khar'kov, Rubikon Publ., 1999, 364 p.
  11. Beloborodov V.N., Li A.N., Emelin V.I. Otechestvennye bestransheynye tekhnologii vosstanovleniya truboprovodov [Native Trenchless Technologies of Pipeline Reconstruction]. Krasnoyarsk, SFU Publ., 2010, 192 p.
  12. Baklashov I.V., Kartoziya B.A. Mekhanika podzemnykh sooruzheniy i konstruktsii krepey [Mechanical Design of Underground Structures and Shoring]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1992, 257 p.
  13. Khar'kin V.A. Sistematizatsiya i analiz patologiy vodootvodyashchikh setey, podlezhashchikh vosstanovleniyu [Systematization and Analysis of Drainage Networks Pathologies to be Restored]. ROBT [Russian Association on Trenchless Technologies Implementation]. 2001, no. 2, pp. 13—25.
  14. Zwierzchowska A. Optymalizacja doboru metod bezwykopowej budowy. Politechnika swietokrzyska. 2003, pp. 16—19.
  15. Brahler C. City of Helena. California Rutherford 12-inch Diameter Water Pipeline Rehabilitation. Sydney, Australia, NO-DIG, 2013. Available at: http://www.norcalpug.com/nu_upload/Paper_1.pdf. Date of access: 20.12.2013.

Download

Principles of managing ecologically safe architectural reconstruction of the territories affected by waste disposal of different genesis

  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vorontsov Evgeniy Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tupitsyna Ol'ga Vladimirovna - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sukhonosova Anna Nikolaevna - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Savel'ev Aleksey Aleksandrovich - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grishin Boris Mikhaylovich - Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PSUAC) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Water Supply, Water Disposal and Hydrotechnics, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PSUAC), 28 Germana Titova str., Penza, 440028, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chertes Konstantin L'vovich - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 110-132

Russia as well as the majority of the countries of the world is a highly urbanized country (according to expert opinion 70 % of the country population are citizens). The situation is worsening by the fact that in Russia, as well as in the majority of European countries, USA and Canada, great territories not occupied with agriculture are almost fully littered with industrial and consumer waste - including from solid municipal waste to highly toxic and radioactive. Generally about 9 bln tones of waste are accumulated in Russia, which includes 1.5 bln tones of dangerous waste. Basing on the analysis of more than 100 waste disposal objects in Samara region the authors showed that within its boundaries 17 landfills are situated, which after deactivation are potentially suitable as donors of recultivation materials: secondary mineral soils and soil substitutes. Moreover the separate remediated territories of can serve as sets for constructing waste neutralization complexes. The ideas presented in this work were used for estimating the state and justifying the methods of landfill recultivation in Zhigulevsk (Samara region).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.110-132

References
  1. Vaysman Ya.I., Korotaev V.N., Petrov Yu.V. Poligony deponirovaniya tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov [Landfills of Municipal Solid Waste]. Perm, PGTU Publ., 2001, 150 p.
  2. Forcano E. La meva Barcelona. Barcelona — Madrid, lunwerg, 2010, 96 p.
  3. Abercrombie P. Town and Country Planning. Rev. by D. Rigby Childs. 3-d ed. NY, Oxford University Press, 1959 (Reprinted 1961 and 1967), 256 p.
  4. Vik E.A., Bardos P. Remediation of Contaminated Land Technology Implementation in Europe: A report from the Contaminated Land Rehabilitation Network for Environmental Technologies. CLARINET, 2002, 188 p. Available at: http://www.commonforum.eu/Documents/DOC/Clarinet/WG7_Final_Report.pdf\. Date of access 19.06.2014.
  5. Yazhlev I.K. Ekologicheskoe ozdorovlenie zagryaznennykh proizvodstvennykh i gorodskikh territoriy: monografiya [Ecological Remediation of the Polluted Industrial and Urban Territories. Monograph]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2012, 272 p.
  6. Smetanin V.I. Rekul'tivatsiya i obustroystvo narushennykh zemel' [Recultivation and Development of Disordered Areas]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 2000, 96 p.
  7. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Shcherbina E.V. Nadezhnoe i effektivnoe stroitel'stvo na tekhnogenno zagryaznennykh territoriyakh [Sustainable and Efficient Construction on Technogenic Polluted Territories]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 1997, no. 8, pp. 31—32.
  8. Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' mest razmeshcheniya otkhodov s pozitsiy ustoychivosti geotekhnicheskikh sistem [Ecological Safety of Landfills in Terms of Stability of Geotechnical Systems]. Sovremennye metody proektirovaniya, tekhnicheskoy ekspluatatsii i rekonstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy: sbornik trudov MGSU [Contemporary Methods of Design, Technical Operation and Reconstruction of Buildings and Structures: Collection of Works of MGSU]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2005, pp. 109—112.
  9. Shcherbina E.V., Alekseev A.A. Razrabotka effektivnykh prirodookhrannykh konstruktsiy i tekhnologiy na osnove geokompozitsionnykh sistem [Development of Efficient Environment-oriented Structures and Technologies Basing on Geocompositional Systems]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie innovatsii v stroitel'stve: sbornik dokladov [Scientific and Technical Innovations in Construction: Collection of Papers]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2004, pp. 92—96.
  10. Potapov A.D., Pupyrev E.I., Potapov P.A. Metody lokalizatsii i obrabotki fil'trata poligonov zakhoroneniya tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov [Localization and Processing Methods for Filtrate of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 167 p.
  11. Bin G., Parker P. Measuring Buildings for Sustainability: Comparing the Initial and Retrofit Ecological Foot-print of a Century Home — The REEP House. Applied Energy. 2012, vol. 93, pp. 24—32. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.05.055.
  12. Fullana i Palmer P., Puig R., Bala A., Baquero G., Riba J., Raugei M. From Life Cycle Assessment to Life Cycle Management: A Case Study on Industrial Waste Management Policy Making. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2011, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 458—475. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00338.x.
  13. Bykov D.E, Chertes K.L., Tupitsyna O.V. Rekul'tivatsiya massivov organo-mineral'nykh otkhodov [Recultivation of Organic Mineral Waste Soils]. Samara, SamGTU Publ., 2007, 118 p.
  14. Dudler I.V., Lyarskiy S.P., Vorontsov E.A., Shul'gin P.Yu. Kriterii neobkhodimosti, prioritety i printsipy predproektnykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh izyskaniy [Necessity Criteria, Prioroties and Principles of Pre-design Engineering Geological Investigations]. Rol' inzhenernoy geologii i izyskaniy na predproektnykh etapakh stroitel'nogo osvoeniya territoriy: Sergeevskie chteniya [The Role of Engineering Geology and Investigations on Pre-Design Stages of Construction Development of the Territory: Sergeev Readings]. Moscow, RUDN Publ., 2012, no. 142, pp. 337—341.
  15. Vorontsov E.A. Sposob kolichestvennoy otsenki inzhenerno-geologicheskoy informatsii i primery ego ispol'zovaniya [Quantitive Estimation of Ehgineering Geological Information and Examples of its Use]. Denisovskie chteniya : sb. materialov [Denisov Readings: Collection of Works]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2000, vol. 1, pp. 94—105.
  16. Kostarev V.P., Vinogradova S.A. Klyuchevoy vopros sovremennykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh izyskaniy [Key Aspect of Contemporary Engineering Geological Investigations]. Rol' inzhenernoy geologii i izyskaniy na predproektnykh etapakh stroitel'nogo osvoeniya territoriy: Sergeevskie chteniya [The Role of Engineering Geology and Investigations on Pre-Design Stages of Construction Development of the Territory: Sergeev Readings]. Moscow, RUDN Publ., 2012, no. 142, pp. 342—344.
  17. Senyushchenkova I.M., Novikova O.O. Geoekologicheskiy analiz geologicheskoy sredy neftezagryaznen-nykh territoriy ob"ektov zheleznykh dorog [Geoecological Analysis of Geoenvironment in Oil-contaminated Territories of Railway Objects]. Naukoviy v³snik NGU [Science Proceedings of Novosibirsk State University]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 98—104.
  18. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Mikhaylov E.V., Garnets N.A. Issledovanie massivov organomineral'nykh otkhodov pri vybore napravleniy ikh rekul'tivatsii [Investigation of Organo-Mineral Waste Soils in Case of Choosing their Recultivation Directions]. Problemy vyzhivaniya cheloveka v tekhnogennoy srede sovremennykh gorodov: sbornik trudov 21 Vserossiyskogo kongressa «Ekologiya i zdorov'e cheloveka» [Human Survival Problems in Anthropogenic Environment of Modern Cities: Collection of Works of the 21st All-Russian Congress “Ecology and Human Health”]. Samara, 2006, pp. 270—274.
  19. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Bykov D.E., Mikhaylov E.V. Geoekologicheskie napravleniya rekul'tivatsii neorganizovannykh ob"ektov razmeshcheniya organo-mineral'nykh otkhodov [Geoecological Directions of Recultivation of Unorganized Organo-Mineral Waste Landfill Objects]. VeystTek—2007: sbornik dokladov V Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa po upravleniyu otkhodami i prirodookhrannymi tekhnologiyami [VeystTek—2007: Collection of Works of the 5th International Congress on Waste Management and Environmental Technologies]. Moscow, 2007, pp. 173—175.
  20. Chertes K.L., Mikhaylov E.V., Tupitsyna O.V., Malinovskiy A.S. Utilizatsiya osadkov stochnykh vod na ob"ektakh razmeshcheniya otkhodov [Sewage Sludge Utilization on Landfill Facilities]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia]. 2008, no. 5, pp. 36—40.
  21. Tupitsyna O.V. Kompleksnaya geoekologicheskaya sistema issledovaniya i vosstanovleniya tekhnogenno narushennykh territoriy [Complex Geoecological System of Investigation and Remediation of Technogenic Disordered Territories]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 35—38.

Download

HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Experience and problems of earth dam construction and exploitation in severe climatic conditions in Russia

  • Aniskin Nikolay Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Director of Institute of Hydrotechnical and Energy Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Anton Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate Student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 133-146

Hydraulic engineering constructions or dams are necessary constructive elements for river development. In severe climatic conditions (deep-frozen soil, low temperatures, high amplitudes of temperature fluctuations) the most expedient type of water retaining constructions are soil dams. In our paper we have examined economic conditions of the region with severe climate, available water resources and their development. We made the conclusions concerning preference for building reservoirs on the territory of Siberia. A two-century period, beginning with the first soil dams in the end of the 18th century, was considered for the building analysis. Our attention has been mainly focused on structures, engineering decisions and causes of accidents, which took place in operating cycle period. The results showed the importance of investigation of filtration and temperature regimes, as well as their collaboration in hydro technical structures design and operation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.133-146

References
  1. Rogers J.R., Brown G.O., Garbrecht J.D. Water Resources and Environmental History. ASCE — American Society of Civil Engineers. New York, 2004, 285 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784406502.
  2. Andersland O.B., Ladanyi B. Introduction to Frozen Ground Engineering. Chapman&Hall, New York, USA, ASCE & John Wiley & Sons, 2003, 363 p.
  3. Kuperman V.L., Myznikov Yu.N., Toropov L.N. Gidroenergeticheskoe stroitel'stvo na Severe [Hydropower Construction in the North]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1987, 303 p.
  4. Gol'din A.L., Rasskazov L.N. Proektirovanie gruntovykh plotin [Design of Soil Dams]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2001, 375 p.
  5. Kogodovskiy O.A., Frishter Yu.I. Gidroenergetika kraynego Severo-Vostoka [Hydropower Engineering in Far Noth-East]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1996, pp. 201—205.
  6. Pekhtin V.A. O bezopasnosti plotin v severnoy stroitel'no-klimaticheskoy zone [On the Safety of Dams in the Northern Construction-Climatic Zone]. Gidrotekhnicheskoye stroitel'stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2004, no. 10, pp. 6—9.
  7. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A., Sainov M.P. Analiz sostoyaniya gruntovoy plotiny Kolymskoy GES [Analysis of Soil Dam Condition of Kolyma HPP]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 111—118.
  8. Aniskin N.A. Temperaturnofil'tratsionnyy rezhim prigrebnevoy zony gruntovoy plotiny v surovykh klimaticheskikh usloviyakh [Temperature-Filtration Mode of the Crestal Zone of Embankment Dam in Severe Climatic Conditions]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 129—137.
  9. Aniskin N.A. Temperaturnofil'tratsionnyy rezhim osnovaniya i plotiny Kureyskoy GES vo vtorom pravoberezhnom primykanii [Temperature-Filtration Mode Regime of Kureyskaya HPP Dam Base in Second Right Bank Abutment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 43—52.
  10. Foster M., Fell R., Spannagle M. The Statistics of Embankment Dam Failures and Accidents. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 2000, vol. 37 (5), pp. 1000—1024. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t00-030.
  11. Sherard J.L. Hydraulic Fracturing in Embankment Dams. Seepage and Leakage from Dams and Impoundments. R.I. ASCE. New York, 1985, pp. 115—141.
  12. Belov A.N., Gorokhov E.N. Trekhmernoe matematicheskoe modelirovanie temperaturnogo rezhima gruntovykh plotin v kriolitozone [3D Thermal Modeling of Soil Dams in Cryolithic Zone]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Privolzhsky Scientific Review]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 65—71.
  13. Sobol' S.V., Gorokhov E.N., Sobol' I.S., Ezhkov A.N. Issledovanie dlya obosnovaniya proektov malykh vodokhranilishch v kriolitozone [Design Consideration of Small Reservoirs in Cryolithic Zone]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 29—31.
  14. Gorokhov E.N. Temperaturnyy rezhim gruntov levoberezhnogo primykaniya Vilyuyskoy GES-3 [The Temperature Regime of Left Bank Abutment Soils of Vilyuiskaya HPP-3]. Gidrotekhnicheskoye stroitel'stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2003, no. 2, pp. 12—15.
  15. Sheng-Hong C. Adaptive FEM Analysis for Two-Dimensional Unconfined Seepage Problems. Journal of Hydrodynamics. 1996, Ser. B., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 60—66.

Download

Transformation model of modified Couette vortex along the channel

  • Zuykov Andrey L'vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495)287-49-14, ext. 14-18; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 147-155

The article is a further research of a circular-longitudinal flow created in a cylindrical pipe by a continuous swirler called Couette vortex, which the author started to study in his previous works. The key question is how Couette modified vortex is transformed along the channel (pipe). The author regards variation of azimuthal velocities (
u) and the Heeger-Baer’s swirl number (
Sn) in turbulent irregular circular-longitudinal flow, which is described by the model of modified Couette vortex along the cylindrical channel. It is confirmed that the model of the modified Couette vortex and free-forced Burgers - Batchelor vortex show almost similar results in calculations and both vortex models can be equally used in engineering practice in calculations and the analysis of circulating and longitudinal flow operating modes (vortex flows).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.147-155

References
  1. Zuykov A.L. Modifitsirovannyy vikhr' Kuetta [Modified Couette Vortex]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 66—71.
  2. Chinh M.T. Turbulence Modeling of Confined Swirling Flows. Roskilde. Riso National Laboratory, 1998, Riso-R-647(EN), ð. 32.
  3. Fernandez-Feria R., Fernandez de la Mora J.,Barrero A. Solution Breakdown in a Family of Self-similar Nearly Inviscid Oxisymmetric Vortices. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 1995, no. 305, ðð. 77—91.
  4. Delery J.M. Aspects of Vortex Breakdown. Progr. Aerospace Sci. 1994, vol. 30, no. 1, ð. 59. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0376-0421(94)90002-7.
  5. Kitoh O. Experimental Study of Turbulent Swirling Flow in a Straight Pipe. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 1991, vol. 225, pp. 445—479. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112091002124 (About DOI).
  6. Saburov E.N., Karpov S.V., Ostashev S.I. Teploobmen i aerodinamika zakruchennogo potoka v tsiklonnykh ustroystvakh [Heat Transfer and Aerodynamics of Swirling Flow in Cyclone Devices]. Leningrad, Leningrad State University Publ., 1989, 176 p.
  7. Vatistas G.H., Lin S., Kwok C.K. An Analytical and Experimental Study on the Coresize and Pressure Drop across a Vortex Chamber. AIAA Paper, 17th Fluid Dynamics, Plasma Dynamics, and Lasers Conference. 1984, no. 84—1548, 24 p.
  8. Gupta A.K., Lilley D., Syred N. Swirl Flows. London, Abacus Press, 1984, 475 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(86)90133-1.
  9. Escudier M., Bornstein J., Zehnder N. Observations and LDA Measurements of Confined Turbulent Vortex Flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 1980, vol. 98, no. 1, ðð. 49—64. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112080000031.
  10. Zuykov A.L. Radial'no-prodol'noe raspredelenie azimutal'nykh skorostey v techenii za lokal'nym zavikhritelem [Radially-longitudinal Distribution of Azimuthal Velocities in the Flow Behind Local Swirler]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, pð. 119—123.
  11. Zuykov A.L. Approksimiruyushchie profili tsirkulyatsionnykh kharakteristik zakruchennogo techeniya [Approximating Profiles of the Circulation Characteristics of a Swirling Flow]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 185—190.
  12. Zuykov A.L. Analiz izmeneniya profilya tangentsial'nykh skorostey v techenii za lokal'nym zavikhritelem [Analysis of Changes in the Profile of the Tangential Velocities in the Flow Behind Local Swirler]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 23—28.
  13. Burgers J.M. A Mathematical Model Illustrating Theory of Turbulence. Advances in Applied Mechanics. 1948, no. 1, ðp. 171—199.
  14. Batchelor G.K. An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics. Cambridge University Press. New Ed. 2002, 631 p.
  15. Zuykov A.L. Gidrodinamika tsirkulyatsionnykh techeniy [Hydrodynamics of Circulating Currents]. Moscow. Association of Building Institutions of Higher Education Publ., 2010, 216 p.
  16. Kiselyov P.G., editor. Spravochnik po gidravlicheskim raschetam [Handbook of Hydraulic Calculations]. 4th Edition. Moscow. Energiya Publ., 1972, 312 p.
  17. Zuykov A.L. Kriterii dinamicheskogo podobiya tsirkulyatsionnykh techeniy [Criteria of Dynamic Similarity of Circulating Flow]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 3, ðp. 106—112.

Download

ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Land resources as objects of investment

  • Zhul'kova Yuliya Nikolaevna - Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNGASU) Candidate of Economic Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Real Estate, Investments, Consulting and Analysis, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNGASU), 65 Il'inskaya St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 156-165

At the present stage the particular significance is gained by operational solutions of the problems of engaging in economic turnover of free land as a fundamental investment resource for socio-economic development of country and particular regions. The lack of obvious progress and positive dynamics of the main socio-economic indicators characterizing the growth tendency of living standard of the population and economy predetermines an essential demand in measures for effective use of land potential as a whole and in particular regions. One of the possible options for progressive social and economic development is the need for integration into the active circulation of land as an investment resource, to ensure the continued effective functioning and development facilities as well as the search for new approaches to the formation of the real estate market. With the development of land it makes sense to combine the three concepts: "development", "territory" and "quality". Thus, the qualitative development of the territory is a natural transition of land plots, which are in state, municipal, private or other forms of ownership to more perfect forms providing the ability to meet modern requirements of the market. It is expedient to apply the mechanism of combination of administrative and market ways of regulation of the specified processes to realize public policy objectives of efficient use of land fund. The mechanism for combining the efforts of the state, social and financial sectors of economy will allow to resolve most effectively the issues of ensuring the quality offered by natural and legal entities of the land plots, creating a network of infrastructures by forces of public sector, investor or through the public-private partnership, as well as enhancing the investment attractiveness of the territory. Due to the implementation of these tasks, involvement of land plots in economic circulation is accelerated and intensity of the processes of functioning of the land market increases. It provides the impulse to the development of the industrial complex, the solution of socially significant problems of housing and increase of life quality indicators of the population.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.156-165

References
  1. Weber A. Theories of Industrial Location. With the attached work of Shril: Industry in Germany Beginning from 1860. Leningrad, Moscow, Kniga Publ., 1926, 223 p.
  2. Launhardt W. Die Bestimmung des Zweckmassigsten Standort Einer Gewerbliehen Anlage. Zeitschrift des Vereins der Deutscher Ingeniers. 1882, b. XXVI, no. 3, pp. 105—116.
  3. Christaller W. Die Zentralen Orte in Suddeutschland. Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1933, 230 p.
  4. Losch A. Die raumliche Ordnung der Wirtschaft. Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1940, 48 p.
  5. Izard U. Methods of Regional Analysis: An Introduction to the Science of Regions. Moscow, Science, 1966, 659 p.
  6. Perru F. Ekonomika 20 veka [Economy of the 20th Century]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2000, 326 p.
  7. Kolosovskiy N.N. Osnovy ekonomicheskogo rayonirovaniya [Fundamentals of Economic Regionalization]. Moscow, Gospolitizdat Publ., 1958, 200 p.
  8. Sherstobitova G.I. Rol' agroturizma v ustoychivom razvitii sel'skokhozyaystvennykh territoriy Samarskoy oblasti [The Role of Agritourism in Sustainable Development of Samara Region Rural Areas]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomicheskie nauki [Bulletin of Samara State Technical University. Series: Economical Sciences]. 2013, no. 3 (9), pp. 83—87.
  9. Kriulina E.N. Ustoychivoe razvitie sel'skikh territoriy kak faktor povysheniya stabil'nosti sel'skokhozyaystvennogo proizvodstva [Rural Areas Sustainable Development as a Factor of Stability Increase in Agricultural Production]. Vestnik APK Stavropol'ya [Bulletin of Agribusiness of Stavropol]. 2013, no. 2 (10), pp. 177—182.
  10. Kiseleva A.M. Kachestvo zhizni mestnykh soobshchestv kak faktor ustoychivogo razvitiya territorii [Life Quality of Local Communities as a Factor of Sustainable Development of the Area]. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika [Proceedings of Omsk University. Series "Economics"]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 56—60.
  11. Drozhenko G.G., Mukhina E.G. Vliyanie razvitiya sel'skikh territoriy na sel'skokhozyaystvennoe proizvodstvo [Influence of Rural Territories Development on Agricultural Production]. Vestnik Kurganskoy GSKhA [Bulletin of Kurgan State Agricultural Academy named after T.S. Maltsev]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 9—11.
  12. Kochegarova L.G. Formirovanie statisticheskoy modeli otsenki privlecheniya inostrannykh investitsiy na territoriyu sub"ektov RF [Formation of the Statistical Model to Assess Foreign Investment Attractiveness of RF Subjects]. Upravlenets [Manager]. 2013, no. 4 (44), pp. 48—53.
  13. Kolmykova T.S., Kharchenko E.V. Problemy privlecheniya inostrannykh investitsiy [Problems of Foreign Investments’ Attraction]. Nauchnye trudy Donetskogo natsional'nogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: ekonomicheskaya [Scientific Works of Donetsk National Technical University. Economic Series]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 244—251.
  14. Gorbatenko A.A. Metody otsenki kachestva gorodskikh territoriy [Methods of Urban Areas Quality Evaluation]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series “Engineering and Architecture"]. 2013, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 84—86.
  15. Sorokina A.F., Mochalova L.A. Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy otsenki kachestva sel'skoy mestnosti [Theoretical and Methodological Foundations of Assessment of Rural Area Quality]. Vestnik UrFU. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Proceedings of Ural Federal University. Series: Economy and Management]. 2013, no. 5, pp.103—113.
  16. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo yazyka: Okolo 60 000 slov i frazeologicheskikh vyrazheniy [Russian Dictionary. Approx. 60 000 Words and Phraseological Expressions]. 25th edition. Moscow, Oniks, Mir i obrazovanie Publ., 2008, 976 p.
  17. Rayzberg B.A., Lozovskiy L.Sh., Stadodubtseva E.B. Sovremennyy ekonomicheskiy slovar' [Modern Dictionary of Economics]. 6-th edition. Moscow, INFRA-M, 2013, 512 p.
  18. Sabirov I.S., Murafa A.A., Karimova M.A. Otsenka ekonomicheskogo mestopolozheniya v proektakh developmenta [Evaluation of economic development projects in locations]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta [News of Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering]. 2011, no. 2 (16), pp. 295—298.
  19. Artashina I.A., Zhul'kova Yu.N. Razvitie zemel'nykh otnosheniy kak faktor ekonomicheskikh i sotsial'nykh preobrazovaniy: monografiya [Development of Land Relations as a Factor of Economic and Social Transformations]. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2014, 208 p.
  20. Akhmadieva G.G. Metodicheskie podkhody k otsenke effektivnosti upravleniya razvitiem territoriy [Methodological approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of development management of areas]. Tsentr perspektivnykh ekonomicheskikh issledovaniy Akademii nauk Respubliki Tatarstan [Academy of the Republic of Tatarstan, Center for Advanced Economic Research]. 2011. no. 2, pp. 77—84

Download

Occupational health and safety management system as a tool for ensuring safety of works in construction industry

  • Nezhnikova Ekaterina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Aksenova Anastasiya Arkadievna - Institute Hydroproject; Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) leading specialist, Department of Project Documentation Expertise, Institute Hydroproject; postgraduate student, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Institute Hydroproject; Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 2 Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, 125993, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 166-173

Construction as a branch of material production is among the industries most dangerous in the field of health protection and safety of works. The major features, which characterize the construction industry, are: high-altitude work, temporary nature of works, working with heavy cargo and irregular working hours. Large volumes and unique design of construction facilities, machines and equipment determine the risk of dangerous and harmful production factors. Neglect of safety rules and technological regulations, lack of supervision lead to accidents, injuries, loss of professional work capacity, chronic diseases and, as a consequence, the reduce of economic efficiency of the organizations of construction industry. Today specialists in the field of labour protection should solve the issues on improvement of technologies, increase of reliability of technical systems (equipment, machines, mechanisms, etc.), safety of life activity of workers, etc. A significant place in this complex of questions take solutions on protection of labours, environment protection, prevention and elimination of the consequences of emergency situations. The solution to these problems consists in providing the high quality elaborating projects of manufacture of works, including technological maps, projects of construction organization, which is achieved through the creation and effective functioning of the management system of occupational health and safety of labour. Particularly evident advantages of establishing occupational health and safety management system are: improvement of working conditions through establishing of management system of production risks; reduction of injuries, accidents, deaths in workplace; expansion of the market through the acquisition of competitive advantages due to the presence of the certificate on conformity to the international requirements OHSAS 18001 or ILO-OSH; achievement of positive economic effect due to reduction of costs associated with the occurrence of risk cases (occupational diseases, injuries, etc.).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.166-173

References
  1. Nezhnikova E.V., Aksenova A.A. O potrebnosti stroitel'noy otrasli v sistemakh menedzhmenta kachestva, ekologichnosti i bezopasnosti truda i vozmozhnostyakh ikh realizatsii [On the Need of the Construction Industry in Quality, Environmental Friendliness and Safety Management Systems and Opportunities of their Implementation]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo [Economics and entrepreneurship]. 2013, no. 11 (40), pp. 626—632.
  2. OHSAS 18002:2008. Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. Guidelines for the Implementation of OHSAS 18001:2007.
  3. Lukmanova I.G. Kontseptual'naya model' sistemy upravleniya kachestvom na predpriyatiyakh stroitel'noy otrasli [Conceptual Model of the Quality Management System at Enterprises of the Construction Industry]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2001, no. 4, pð. 41—44.
  4. Nezhnikova E.V. Problemy sozdaniya i funktsionirovaniya sistem menedzhmenta kachestva [Problems of Creation and Functioning of Quality Management Systems]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Investigations]. 2013, no. 6, part 4, pp. 958—962.
  5. Gopal K. Kanji, Mike Asher. 100 Methods for Total Quality Management. SAGE Publications Ltd, 1996. 256 p.
  6. Lukmanova I.G., Nezhnikova E.V. Menedzhment sistem bezopasnosti i kachestva v stroitel'stve [Management of safety and quality systems in construction] Promyshlennoe I grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 10, pp. 52—53.
  7. PAS 99:2006: Specification of Common Management System Requirements as a Framework for Integration. BSI, 31 August 2006, 24 p.
  8. Dmitruk V.I. Metodika otsenki proizvodstvennykh riskov [Methods of production risks assessment]. Spravochnik spetsialista po okhrane truda [Reference Book for Specialist on Labour Protection]. 2010, no. 3. Available at: http://www.trudohrana.ru/practice/risk/detail.php?ID=2443. Date of access: 04.05.2014.
  9. Kachalov V.A. Sistemy menedzhmenta na osnove ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, OHSAS 18001:2007 i ILO-OSH 2001: Konspekt sistemnogo menedzhera [Management System Based on ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, OHSAS 18001:2007 and ILO-OSH 2001: Workbook of System Manager]. In 2 volumes. Moscow, IzdAT Publ., 2009, vol. 2, 472 p.
  10. Smith Ricky, Bill Keeter. FRACAS. Failure Reporting, Analysis, Corrective Action System. Reliabilityweb.com Press, 2010, 123 p.
  11. Okes Duke. Root Cause Analysis: The Core of Problem Solving and Corrective Action. ASQ Quality Press, 2009, 200 p.
  12. Muchemu David. How to Design a World-class Corrective Action Preventive Action System for FDA-regulated Industries: a Handbook for Quality Engineers and Quality Managers. AuthorHouse, 2006, 104 p.
  13. Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M., Nedostup P., Silaev A. Problemy otsenok i upravleniya ekologicheskimi riskami na predpriyatiyakh TEK [Assessment and Management Problems of Environmental RIsks at the FEC Enterprises]. Energobezopasnost' v dokumentakh i faktakh [Energy Security in Documents and Facts]. 2005, no. 6. Available at: http://www.endf.ru/06_1.php. Date of access: 04.05.2014.
  14. Ericsson Quality Institute. Business Process Management. Ericsson, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1993, 134 p.
  15. Rallabandi Srinivasu, Satyanarayana Reddy G., Srikanth Reddy Rikkula. Utility of Quality Control Tools and Statistical Process Control to Improve the Productivity and Quality in an Industry. International Journal of Reviews in Computing. 2011, vol. 5. Available at: http://www.ijric.org/volumes/Vol5/3Vol5.pdf. Date of access: 04.05.2014.
  16. Standards and guidelines on labour statistics. ILO: The International Labour Organization. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics-and-databases/standards-and-guidelines/lang--en/index.htm. Available at: 04.05.2014.

Download

INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Basic theorizes of regulatory impact logistics in investment and construction

  • Sborshchikov Sergey Borisovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, acting chair, Department of Technology, Organization and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lazareva Natal'ya Valer'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant, Department of Organization Technology and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zharov Yaroslav Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant, Department of Technology, Management and Administration in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 174-183

This article discusses the methods and models based on the principles of logistics of construction, connected with sustainable (balanced and optimal) development of construction investment and construction activity. Based on the performance taking place in the sphere of investment of the main and auxiliary construction processes, logistics, a new approach to dealing with the notion of a homeostatic state is proposed - the notion of dynamic optimum. With this approach, the objective of sustainable development investment and construction activities and its subsystems is to sustain its optimal trajectory. This definition implies the optimum identification and verification of industry and corporate level. The authors propose the variety of links between subsystems of construction investment, as well as between its areas of growth, which are only part of overall sustainable development providing optimal development of the individual subsystems. In order to determine the trajectory of sustainable development it is necessary to accurately delineate using the methods of logistics space border of construction investment, which can be reached at set time intervals. Knowing these boundaries is of particular importance for the development of long-term forecasts, operational and production plans, and for the effective management of subsystems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.174-183

References
  1. Sborshchikov S.B. Teoreticheskie zakonomernosti i osobennosti organizatsii vozdeystviy na investitsionno-stroitel'nuyu deyatel'nost' [Theoretical Regularities and Features of Impacts on Investment and Construction Activity Organization]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 183—187.
  2. Sborshchikov S.B. Sistemotekhnicheskoe opisanie problemy razgranicheniya planirovaniya i tekushchey proizvodstvennoy deyatel'nosti v stroitel'nykh organizatsiyakh [Systems Engineering Description of Delimitation Problem of Planning and Current Operations in Construction Organizations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 215—220.
  3. Song Y., Chua D. Modeling of Functional Construction Requirements for Constructability Analysis. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2006, vol. 132, no. 12, pp. 1314—1326. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2006)132:12(1314).
  4. Pobegaylov O. A., Shemchuk A.V. Sovremennye informatsionnye sistemy planirovaniya v stroitel'stve [Modern Information Systems of Planning in Construction]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Proceedings of Don]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 20—25.
  5. Aleksanin A.V. Kontseptsiya upravleniya potokami stroitel'nykh otkhodov na baze kompleksnykh i informatsionnykh logisticheskikh tsentrov [Concept of Construction Waste Management on the Basis of Comprehensive Information and Logistics Centers]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 132—136.
  6. Shevchenko V.S. Osobennosti upravleniya i motivatsii personala v usloviyakh innovatsionnoy deyatel'nosti stroitel'nogo predpriyatiya [Features of Staff Management and Motivation in Terms of Innovation Activity of Building Enterprise]. Novyy universitet. Seriya: ekonomika i pravo [New University. Series: Economics and Law]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 39—42.
  7. Zharov Ya.V. Uchet organizatsionnykh aspektov pri planirovanii stroitel'nogo proizvodstva v energetike [Account for Organizational Aspects in Case of Building Production Planning in Energy Sector]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 69—71.
  8. Georges A., Romme L., Endenburg G. Design: Construction Principles and Design Rules in the Case of Circular Design. Organization Science. 2006, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 287—297. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1050.0169
  9. Haidar J.I. The Impact of Business Regulatory Reforms on Economic Growth. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. 2012, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 285—307.
  10. Radaelli C.M., Meuwese A. How the Regulatory State Differs. The Constitutional Dimensions of Rulemaking in the European Union and the United States. Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica. 2012, no. 2, vol. 42, pp. 177—196. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1426/37487.
  11. Dossick C., Neff G. Messy Talk and Clean Technology: Communication, Problemsolving and Collaboration Using Building Information Modelling. Engineering Project Organization Journal. 2011, no. 1 (2). Online publication date: 1.06.2011. Pð. 83—93. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21573727.2011.569929.
  12. May R.C., Puffer S.M., McCarthy D.J. Transferring Management Knowledge to Russia: a Culturally Based Approach. Academy of Management. 2009, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 24—35.
  13. Belevtsov S.P. Upravlenie ustoychivym razvitiem logisticheskoy sistemy stroitel'noy organizatsii [Managing Sustainable Development of Logistics System in Construction Organization]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Proceedings of Don]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 18—23.
  14. Bozhko L.L. Otsenka effektivnosti reguliruyushchego vozdeystviya v sfere prigranichnogo sotrudnichestva [Effectiveness Assessment of Regulating Influence in the Sphere of Near-boarder Cooperation]. Voprosy Upravleniya [Management Questions]. 2011, no. 1 (14), pp. 14—20.
  15. Vasilenko Zh.A. Sistematizatsiya kriteriev otsenki ekonomicheskoy nadezhnosti sistemy upravleniya zhilishchnym stroitel'stvom [Criteria Classification for evaluating economic reliability of the Control System of housing Construction]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Proceedings of Don]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 707—710.
  16. Sborshchikov S.B. Teoreticheskie osnovy formirovaniya novykh organizatsionnykh skhem realizatsii investitsionno-stroitel'nykh proektov v energeticheskom sektore na osnove integratsii printsipov inzhiniringa i logistiki [Theoretical Bases of Formation of New Organization Charts for Implementing Construction Investment Projects in the Energy Sector Basing on Integration of the Principles of Engineering and Logistics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 146—150.

Download

Mathematical simulation of the cargoes delivery on an extensive network of automobile roads

  • Khayrullin Rustam Zinnatullovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 184-191

The problem of calculation of an optimal route is important for companies, including civil engineering companies, wishing to reduce transportation costs of cargoes delivery. The existing regional distribution network of automobile roads is characterized, as a rule, by an extensive network of roads of varying quality, traffic capacity, large distances between consignors and consignees, small warehouse areas, disabled vehicle fleet. In this way companies seek to increased profits by means of solving complex problems such as: reducing the costs of transportation and storage of cargoes, reducing the number of vehicles fleet, using optimal vehicles schedule. Note that in this paper, the term optimal is not used in the strict mathematical sense (optimal - which can’t be improved), but as an established business application in a term describing the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of cost reduction. Common formulation of cargoes delivery optimization problem from consignor to consignee by motor transport is offered. Mathematical models and methods of cargoes delivery on an extensive network of roads are provided. The method consists in gradual solving of three problems: the problem of dividing the region into zones detour in one trip, the traveling salesman problem and the problem of forming a daily job for each unit of vehicle. The software for solving this problem is developed. The software is based on the complex of developed algorithms and standard software tools. The software permits: to calculate the optimal (in terms of transport costs and time costs) routes, schedules and delivery schemes of cargoes from consignor to consignee; to perform the optimal choice of consignor for each consignee by means of calculation of the minimum total cost of the storage and cost of its delivery; to ensure optimal filling of order in time and to ensure a full loading of cargo motor vehicles. Some results of software implementation are described.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.184-191

References
  1. Smirnov M.I., Khayrullin R.Z. Sistema upravleniya dostavkoy tovarov s ispolzovaniem promezhutochnykh skladov [ Management System for Goods Delivery Using Intermediate Warehouses]. Izvestiya RAN. Teoriya i sistemy upravleniya [News of Russian Academy of Sciences. Theory and Control Systems]. 2002, no. 5, pp. 146—151.
  2. Smirnov M.I., Khayrullin R.Z. Matematicheskie modeli, ispol'zuemye v sisteme dostavki tovarov avtotransportom «Dispetcher» [Mathematical Models Used in the «Dispatcher» Automobile System of Goods Delivery]. Preprint Instituta prikladnoy matematiki im. M.V. Keldysha RAN [Preprint of the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences Named after M.V. Keldysh]. 2002, no. 13, 22 p.
  3. Khayrullin R.Z. Tekhnologiya issledovaniya upravlyaemykh sistem [Research Technology for Controlled Systems]. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten' [Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin]. 1999, no. 4, pp. 111—113.
  4. Guzairov M.B., Tarasova V.A. Optimizatsiya transportnykh potokov v seti postavok stroitel'nykh materialov [Optimization of Transport Flows in the Construction Materials’ Supply Network]. Sistemy upravleniya i informatsionnye tekhnologii [Control Systems and Information Technologies]. 2008, no. 3.1 (33), pp. 108—112.
  5. Gordienko L.V. Klassifikatsiya pretsedentov pri planirovanii logisticheskikh sistem v srede GIS [Classification of Cases in the Process of Logistics Systems Planning in GIS Environment]. Izvestiya YuFU. Tekhnicheskie nauki. Tematicheskiy vypusk: Gumanitarnye i informatsionnye tekhnologii v upravlenii ekonomicheskimi i sotsial'nymi sistemami [News of Southern Federal University. Technical Sciences. Special issue: «Humanitarian and Informational Technologies in Economic and Social Systems M anagement]. 2008, no. 10 (87), pp. 194—196.
  6. Scholl E.I. Informatsionnoe obespechenie logisticheskikh tekhnologiy [Information Support of Logistic Technologies]. RISK: resursy, informatsiya, snabzhenie, konkurentsiya [RISK: Resources, Information, Supply, Competition]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 12—18.
  7. Kofman A. Vvedenie v teoriyu nechetkikh mnozhestv [Introduction to the Theory of Fuzzy Sets]. Moscow, Radio i svyaz' Publ., 1982, 432 p.
  8. Gorbatov V.A., Smirnov M.I., Khlytchiev I.S. Logicheskoe upravlenie raspredelennymi sistemami [Logical Management of Distributed Systems]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1991, 287 p.
  9. Clement R.P., Wren A. Genetic Algorithms and Bus-Driver Scheduling. Presented at the 6-th International Conference for Computer-Aided Transport Scheduling, Lisbon, Portugal, 1993, 9 p.
  10. Rutkovskaya D., Pilin'skiy M., Rutkovskiy L. Neyronnye seti, geneticheskie algoritmy i nechetkie sistemy [Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms and Fuzzy Systems]. Moscow, Goryachaya liniya — Telekom Publ., 2006, 452 p.
  11. Reingold E., Nievergelt Yu., Deo N. Combinatorial Algorithms: Theory and Practice. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1980, 476 p.
  12. Papadimitriu Kh., Stayglits K. Kombinatornaya optimizatsiya: algoritmy i slozhnost' [Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Complexity]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1985, 512 p.
  13. Blekherman M.X. Gibkie proizvodstvennye sistemy: organizatsionno-ekonomicheskie aspekty [Flexible Manufacturing Systems. Organizational and Economic Aspects]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 1988, 110 p.
  14. Wolsey L.A. Integer Programming. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1998, 264 p.
  15. Gutin G. Exponential Neighborhood Local Search for the Traveling Salesman Problem. Computers & Operational Research. 1999, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 313—320. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-0548(98)00064-1.

Download