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Vestnik MGSU 2014/12

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12

Articles count - 20

Pages - 201

We have some achievements, but should we leave it at that?

  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Academician, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, Chair, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Station Construction, President MGSU, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Goryacheva Ol'ga Evgen'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Deputy Director, MISI - MGSU Publishing house, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-8

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Ways of modernization of large-panel residential buildings in Yerevan

  • Hakobyan Tigran Davidovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) postgraduate student, Department of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Reconstruction of Historical Heritage, Fine Arts and History, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 9-19

The present article discusses some problems of renovation and modernization of large-panel residential buildings built in the postwar period in Yerevan. The analysis of the current situation showed that today these buildings have many problems related to their functional and aesthetic aspects of quality and become obsolete. The floor plans don’t satisfy modern functional requirements of inhabitants: similar and repeatable types of buildings became the reason of large arrays of monotonously built up districts with low indicators of quality. Furthermore, there are many low quality extensions and add-ins to the buildings made by inhabitants without control, which destroy the architectural appearance of habitat. Yard places of large-panel residential buildings are occupied by car parks and road travel, buildings are cut off from courtyard areas, which as a consequence don’t meet tsocial and functional requirements of the people. The consideration of the international experience of large-panel old housing renovation in European countries has shown that the main activities include improving the energy efficiency of residential buildings with removing heat loss and using solar panels, contrast changes in architectural appearance with large terraces, loggias, using wide range of colors, add-in attics and enlarging the height and the use of space-planning decisions to increase the living space. Analyzing the current situation of the housing and the international experience of modernization the concept of complex modernization of large-panel buildings was offered, which suggested bringing it to life on three main levels of habitat: apartments, building shapes, residential environment and areas. The main goals of the concept are increasing the comfort of planning decisions as well as the total size of the apartment, improving architectural appearance of the building and introducing areas for public services to housing, increasing energy efficiency and creating green areas at all floor levels, achievement of individual style of the buildings and the possibility of an easy transformation, increasing the effective use and the ecological status of a yard.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.9-19

References
  1. Kobets E.A., Khanina A.V. Genezis i tendentsii razvitiya sfery zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo khozyaystva [Genesis and Tendencies in Development of Housing and Communal Services]. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 5: Ekonomika. [The Bulletin of Adyghe State University. Ser. 5: Economy]. 2013, no. 2 (120), pp. 172—180. (In Russian)
  2. Zurabyan Z.A. Razvitie gibkoy planirovochnoy struktury zhiloy yacheyki v mnogokvartirnykh domakh erevana (1960—1980gg.) [Development of Flexible Planning Structure of Living Cell in Apartment Residential Buildings in Yerevan (1960—1980)]. Izvestiya NUASA [Bulletin of NUACA]. Yerevan, 2012, vol. 2 (28), pp. 88—91. (In Russian)
  3. Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R., Khanoyan K.R. Usovershenstvovanie metoda tipovogo proektirovaniya zhilykh zdaniy v Erevane i vnedrenie blok-sektsionnoy sistemy v 1970-kh godakh [Improvement of the Standardized Design Methodology for Residential Buildings and Introduction of Bay System in Yerevan in 1970s]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov NUASA [Collection of Research Works of the NUACA]. Yerevan, 2014, vol. 3 (54), pp. 3—12. (In Russian)
  4. Zhilishchnyy fond i kommunal’noe khozyaystvo Respubliki Armeniya, 2010 [Housing Resources and Public Utility of the Republic of Armenia, 2010]. Natsional’naya statisticheskaya sluzhba respubliki armeniya [National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia]. Available at: http://www.armstat.am/ru/?nid=82&id=1285. Date of access: 15.09.2014. (In Russian)
  5. Hakobyan T.D. Puti modernizatsii tipichnykh zhilykh zdaniy sredney etazhnosti g. Erevana, postroennykh v 1950—60-kh gg. [Ways of Modernization of Standard Mid-rise Residential Buildings Built in the 50s—60s in the City of Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov NUASA [Collection of Research Works of the NUACA]. Yerevan, 2013, vol. 2 (49), pp. 42—53. (In Russian)
  6. Arakelyan R.G. Sovremennye ob”emno-prostranstvennye printsipy formirovaniya zhiloy sredy [Living Environment Forming Modern Space and Planning Principles]. Arkhitektura i stroitelstvo Rossii [Architecture and Construction of Russia]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 2—17. (In Russian)
  7. Sunikka M.M. Sustainable Housing Policies and the Environmental Potential of the Existing Housing Stock in Europe. Building Research and Information. 2006. Available at: http://repository.tudelft.nl/view/ir/uuid:0816e56b-9c4c-43ae-a50f-e62639216496. Date of access: 04.11.2014.
  8. Power A. Does Demolition or Refurbishment of Old and Inefficient Homes Help to Increase our Environmental, Social and Economic Viability? Energy Policy. December 2008, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 4487—4501.
  9. Kovalev D.V., Chudinova V.G. Rekonstruktsiya i modernizatsiya zhiloy sredy krupnopanel’nykh domov massovykh seriy [Reconstruction and Modernization of Residential Environment of Large Panel Buildings of Large-scale Series]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Stroitel’stvo i Arkhitektura» [Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series “Construction and Architecture”]. 2013, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 4—8. (In Russian)
  10. Pozmogova S.B., Minacheva V.R. Ispol›zovanie evropeyskogo opyta pri rekonstruktsii zhilogo fonda [Application of European Experience in Reconstruction of Housing Stock]. Vestnik Ural'skogo gosudrstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Ulyanovsk State Technical University]. 2011, no. 3 (55), pp. 53—56. (In Russian)
  11. Nefedov V.A. Opyt upravleniya zhilishchnoy i kommunal’noy sferoy v Ggermanii [Management of Housing and Communal Services Sphere in Germany]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2007, no. 301, pp. 161—164. (In Russian)
  12. Energosberezhenie i sanatsiya zhilykh domov. Opyt Germanii i osobennosti Rossii [Energy Saving and Rehabilitation of Houses. The Experience of Germany and Peculiarities of Russia]. Portal-Energo. Available at: http://portal-energo.ru/articles/details/id/781. Date of access: 22.09.2014. (In Russian)
  13. Stebenyaeva T.V., Ostrovskiy S.M. Zarubezhnyy opyt vosproizvodstva zhilishchnogo fonda [Foreign Experience of the Reproduction of Housing Facilities]. Problemy sovremennoy nauki: sbornik nauchnykh trudov. [Problems of Modern Science: Collection of Scientific Articles]. Stavropol, Tsentr nauchnogo znaniya «Logos» Publ., 2012, pp. 213—224. (In Russian)
  14. Mitasov V.M. Eshe raz o rekonstruktsii. Sostoyanie zhilishchnogo fonda Novosibirska [Once Again about the Reconstruction. Condition of Novosibirsk Housing Stock]. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo v Sibiri [Architecture and Construction in Siberia]. 2010, no. 14, pp. 5—25. (In Russian)
  15. Chuvilova I.V., Kravchenko V.V. Kompleksnye metody rekonstruktsii i modernizatsii massovoy zhiloy zastroyki [Complex Methods of Reconstruction and Modernization of Mass Housing Construction]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 94—100. (In Russian)
  16. Shcheglova O.Yu., Kulichenko I.I., Galich E.G. Zarubezhnyy opyt rekonstruktsii pyatietazhnykh panel’nykh domov [Foreign Experience of Reconstruction of Five-storey Panel Houses]. Stroitel’stvo, materialovedenie, mashinostroenie: sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Collection of Research Works of the Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture]. 2008, issue. 45, part 1, pp. 82—87. (In Russian)
  17. Shilkin N. V. Povyshenie energeticheskoy effektivnosti zdaniy v stranakh Pribaltiki i Vostochnoy Evropy [Improvement of Buildings Energy Efficiency in Baltic Countries and Eastern Europe]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2011, no. 7, pp.17—26. (In Russian)
  18. Sevka V.G. Formirovanie regional’nykh programm rekonstruktsii i kapital’nogo remonta zhilishchnogo fonda [Development of Regional Programs for Reconstruction and Overhaul of Housing Facilities]. Obshchestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo [Society: Politics, Economics, Law]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 95—99. (In Russian)
  19. Wang L., Gwilliam J., Jones P. Case Study of Zero Energy House Design in UK. Energy and Buildings. November 2009, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1215—1222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2009.07.001.
  20. Sunikka M.M. Energy Efficiency and Low-carbon Technologies in Urban Renewal. Building Research and Information. 2006, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 521—533. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613210600660976.
  21. Boeria A., Gabrielli L., Longo D. Evaluation and Feasibility Study of Retrofi tting Interventions on Social Housing in Italy. Procedia Engineering. 2011, vol. 21, pp. 1161—1168. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.2125.
  22. Grebenshchikov K.N., Merenkov A.V. Tendentsii sovershenstvovaniya gradostroitel’nykh i arkhitekturno-planirovochnykh parametrov sovremennogo zarubezhnogo i rossiyskogo zhilishcha [Tendencies of Town-Planning and Architectural Parameters Modernization of Modern Foreign and Russian Housing]. Regional’nye arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennye shkoly : materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Regional Architectural Art Scools : Materials of the All-Russian Science and Practice Conference]. Novosibirsk, Sibprint Publ., 2011, pp. 150—151. (In Russian)
  23. Castleton H.F., Stovin V., Beck S.B.M., Davison J.B. Green Roofs; Building Energy Savings and the Potential for Retrofi t. Energy and Buildings. October 2010, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1582—1591.
  24. Naybauer A.V., Khalturina L.V. Rekonstruktsiya zhilykh domov s nadstroykoy mansardnogo etazha [Housing Reconstruction with Additional Mansard Floor]. Vestnik Altayskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta im. I.I. Polzunova [Bulletin of Altai State Technical University named after I.I. Polzunov]. 2009, no. 1—2, pp. 181—182. (In Russian)

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Natural light design in premises with roof natural lighting system with consideration of lighting effects of the surrounding housing

  • Stetskiy Sergey Vyacheslavovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Larionova Kira Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) senior lecturer, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 20-30

The article considers the problems connected with new offers on a daylight factor design in premises with roof natural lighting system with account of lighting effect of surrounding buildings. The offers for daylight design are based on a hypothesis of possible use of some design points for side natural lighting of interiors in the design of roof natural lighting. This is connected with a need to account for a lighting effect of neighborhood buildings. This effect must be considered in the case of lighting design for underground or sub-around buildings. These theoretical offers were confirmed with practical experiment results. The problem, discussed in the article has been stated and analyzed before by a number of domestic and foreign authors. These questions arose mainly because of the broad developing activity in the construction of underground and below-ground buildings and structures, mainly bound with public premises. The need of such development can be explained by the lack of vacant city areas, especially in the central parts. Moreover, the construction methods of such a development are much simpler, as compared with traditional construction technologies of above-ground objects. As for indoor lighting conditions in the underground and below-ground buildings, the only possible way to provide sufficient lighting of interiors is an implementation of roof lighting system in the form of skylights or monitors with one-side or two-side glazing. It is obvious, however, that these roof lighting units are influenced by shadowing effect of the surrounding buildings, which can decrease the incoming light flow to the interiors. This point is the main one, which forced the authors to investigate this scientific problem.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.20-30

References
  1. Stetskiy S.V., Larionova K.O. Zatenyayushchee vliyanie okruzhayushchey zastroyki pri sisteme verkhnego estestvennogo osveshcheniya grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Shadowing Effect of Surrounding Buildings in Case of Natural Overhead Lighting Systems of Civil Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 44—47. (In Russian)
  2. Zemtsov V.A. Voprosy proektirovaniya i rascheta estestvennogo osveshcheniya pomeshcheniy cherez zenitnye fonari shakhtnogo tipa [Issues of Design and Analysis of Natural Lighting of Premises through Shaft-type Skylights]. Svetotekhnika [Illumination Engineering]. Moscow, 1990, no. 10, pp. 25—36. (In Russian)
  3. Stetskiy S.V., Chen Guanglong. Sozdanie kachestvennoy svetovoy sredy v pomeshcheniyakh proizvodstvennykh zdaniy dlya klimaticheskikh usloviy yugo-vostochnogo Kitaya [Development of a High-quality Illumination Environment in the Premises of Industrial Buildings in the Climatic Conditions of Southeast China]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 16—25. (In Russian)
  4. Zemtsov V.A. Estestvennoe osveshchenie pomeshcheniy cherez zenitnye fonari shakhtnogo tipa [Natural Lighting of Premises through Roof Lights of a Vine-type]. Issledovanie po stroitel’noy svetotekhnike : sbornik nauchnykh trudov NIISF [Research Works on Structural Mechanics: Collection of Scientific Works of the Research Institute for Building Physics]. Moscow, 1981, pp. 28—31. (In Russian)
  5. Balkheeva V.A. Metodika rascheta estestvennogo osveshcheniya pomeshcheniy s uchetom sveta, otrazhennogo ot territoriy [Calculation Methods of Natural Illumination of Premises with Regard of the Light, Refl ected from a Territory]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 1990, no. 10, pp. 32—35. (In Russian)
  6. Solov’ev A.K. Proektirovanie estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy s ispol’zovaniem prostranstvennykh kharakteristik svetovogo polya [Design of Natural Lighting of Buildings with the Use of Spatial Characteristics of Light Field]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 453—460. (In Russian)
  7. Brotash L., Uilson M. Raschet pokazateley estestvennogo osveshcheniya [Calculation of Natural Lighting Factors]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 44—47. (In Russian)
  8. Mokhel’nikova Y. Estestvennoe osveshchenie i fonari verkhnego sveta [Natural Lighting and Roof Lights]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 26—30. (In Russian)
  9. Solov’ev A.K. Raspredelenie yarkosti po nebosvodu i ego uchet pri proektirovanii estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy [Sky Luminance Distribution and Account for it in the Natural Lighting Design of Buildings]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  10. Bakharev D.V., Zimnovich I.A. K teoreticheskomu analizu empiricheskoy yarkosti fasadov [To a Theoretical Analysis of Empirical Luminance of Facades]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 10—17. (In Russian)
  11. Egorchenkov V.A. Opredelenie yarkosti zemnoy poverkhnosti pri raschete estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy [Luminance of a Ground Surfaces Determination in the Calculation of Natural Lighting of Buildings]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 56—57. (In Russian)
  12. Slukin V.M., Simakova E.S. Problemy estestvennogo osveshcheniya pomeshcheniy v uplotnennoy gorodskoy zastroyke [Problems of Natural Illumination of Premises in Dense Development]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of the Ural Scientific, Research and Design Institute of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 56—60. (In Russian)
  13. Slukin V.M., Smirnov L.N. Obespechenie normirovannykh usloviy estestvennogo osveshcheniya zhilykh zdaniy v uplotnennoy gorodskoy zastroyke [Ensuring the Normalized Conditions of Natural Illumination of Residential Buildings in Dense Urban Development]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of the Ural Scientific, Research and Design Institute of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 75—77. (In Russian)
  14. Tregenza P.R. The Daylight Factor and Actual Illuminance Ratios. Lighting Research and Technology. 1980, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 64—68. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096032718001200202.
  15. Tregenza P.R. Measured and Calculated Frequency Distributions of Daylight Illuminance. Lighting Research and Technology. 1986, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 71—74. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096032718601800202.
  16. Brotas L., Wilson M. Daylight in Urban Canyons: Planning in Europe. PLEA2006 The 23rd Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. Geneva, Switzerland, 6—8 September 2006, Proc. II, pp. 207—212.
  17. Lynes J.A. A Sequence for Daylighting Design. Lighting Research and Technology. 1979, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 102—106. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/14771535790110020101.
  18. Cuttle C. Sumner’s Principle: A Discussion. Lighting Research and Technology. 1991, no. 2, pp. 99—106.
  19. Lay S.D. Appraisal of the Visual Environment. L.E.D. Lighting Review. 1970, pp. 129—138.
  20. Irens A.N. Light and Productivity. Transactions of the Illumination Engineering Society. London, 1960, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 53—68.
  21. Solov’ev A.K. Polye trubchatye svetovody: ikh primenenie dlya estestvennogo osveshcheniya zdaniy i ekonomiya energii [Hollow Tubular Light Conductors: Their Application for Natural Lighting of Buildings and Saving of Energy]. Svetotekhnika [Light and Engineering]. 2011. No. 5. C. 41—47. (In Russian)

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Calculation of plates with variable rigidity on elastic basis by finite difference method

  • Andreev Vladimir Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chair, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Barmenkova Elena Vyacheslavovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Science, Associate Professor, Department of the Strength of materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveeva Alena Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of the Strength of materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 31-39

The article describes the calculation of plates on the elastic basis, both two-layer and single-layer. The calculation is based on the solution of the differential equation of bending plate by finite difference method. The calculation results are compared with the numerical solution in the program complex. The percentage of differences of values depending on the method of division or method of solving is shown. We considered a problem when a foundation plate and a construction are plates, which are deformed together, that, in fact, corresponds to the problem of bending a two-layer plate on elastic basis. In case of a two-layer plate in order to find the solution of the problem we need to solve the equation of bending of plates that are structurally similar to the traditional, but still give different results. In solving finite difference operators derivatives are substituted into differential equation which must be in accordance with each grid point, as well as at the border. If we consider the problem in the conventional formulation, only the lower layer is bended in the plate; the analysis of the plate, which takes into account the weight of its own layers, both layers are deformed together. Also when considering a two-layer plate, the neutral layer is deposed away from the upper layer, consequently, the whole foundation plate may be in the condition of stretching. When comparing the results of analytical and numerical calculations of the values obtained in general there are little discrepancies. Thus, there is the possibility of holding combined calculation of the “structure-foundation-base system” by finite difference method using a two-layer model of a plate on elastic basis.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.31-39

References
  1. Yur’ev A.G., Rubanov V.G., Gorshkov A.S. Raschet mnogosloynykh plit na uprugom osnovanii [Calculation of Multilayered Plates on Elastic Basis]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova [Proceedings of Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G Shukhov]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 51—59. (In Russian)
  2. Matveev S.A. Modelirovanie i raschet mnogosloynoy armirovannoy plity na uprugom osnovanii [Modeling and Calculation of a Multilayer Reinforced Plate on Elastic Foundation]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  3. Gusev G.N., Tashkinov A.A. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie sistem «zdanie — fundament — gruntovoe osnovanie» [Mathematical Modeling of the Systems “Structure — Foundation — Soil Base”]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Fiziko-matematicheskie nauki [Proceedings of Samara State Technical University. Series: Physical and Mathematical Sciences]. 2012, no. 4 (29), pp. 222—226. (In Russian)
  4. Ivanov M.L. Matematicheskaya model’ dlya prochnostnogo analiza prostranstvennoy sistemy «zdanie — fundament — osnovanie» [Mathematical Model For The Structural Analysis Of The Spatial System "Building — Foundation — Base"]. Nauka i sovremennost’ [Science and Modernity]. 2010, no. 5-2, pp. 225—229. (In Russian)
  5. Kashevarova G.G., Trufanov N.A. Chislennoe modelirovanie protsessov deformirovaniya i razrusheniya zdaniy v sisteme «zdanie — fundament — osnovanie» [Numerical Modeling of Deformation and Destruction Processes of the Buildings in the System "Building — Foundation — Base"]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo [News of Institutions of Higher Education. Construction]. 2005, no. 10, pp. 4—10. (In Russian)
  6. Luchkin M.A. Uchet razvitiya deformatsiy osnovaniya vo vremeni pri sovmestnom raschete sistemy osnovanie — fundament — zdanie [Accounting for the Development of Deformations in the Basis in Time at Joint Calculation of the System Base — Foundation — Building]. Izvestiya Peterburgskogo universiteta putey soobshcheniya [News of the Petersburg State Transport University]. 2006, no. 2 (7), pp. 39—47. (In Russian)
  7. Barvashov V.A., Boltyanskiy E.Z., Chinilin Yu.Yu. Issledovanie povedeniya sistemy osnovanie — fundament — verkhnee stroenie metodami matematicheskogo modelirovaniya na EVM [Research of the Behavior of the System Base — Foundation — the Top Structure by the Methods of Mathematical Modeling on the Computer]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Bases, Foundations and Soil Mechanics]. 1990, no. 6, pp. 21—22. (In Russian)
  8. Mangushev R.A., Sakharov I.I., Konyushkov V.V., Lan’ko S.V. Sravnitel’nyy analiz chislennogo modelirovaniya sistemy «zdanie — fundament — osnovanie» v programmnykh kompleksakh Scad i Plaxis [Comparative Analysis of Numerical Simulation of the System "Building — Foundation — Base" in the Program Complexes Scad and Plaxis]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Proceedings of the Civil Engineers]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 96—101. (In Russian)
  9. Andreev V.I., Barmenkova E.V. Ob izgibe sostavnoy balki na uprugom osnovanii [On Bending of a Composite Beam on Elastic Foundation]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya RAASN v 2009 godu [Fundamental Research the RAACS in 2009]. 2010, vol. 2, pp. 74—79. (In Russian)
  10. Andreev V.I., Barmenkova E.V. Raschet dvukhsloynoy plity na uprugom osnovanii s uchetom sobstvennogo vesa [Calculation of a Two-layer Plate on Elastic Foundation Considering its Own Weight]. Teoreticheskie osnovy stroitel’stva : trudy 19 Rossiysko-pol’skoslovatskogo seminara [Proceedings of the 19th Russian-Polish-Slovak seminar “Theoretical Foundations of Construction]. Zhilina, 2010, pp. 39—44. (In Russian)
  11. Gabbasov R.F., Uvarova N.B. Primenenie obobshchennykh uravneniy metoda konechnykh raznostey k raschetu plit na uprugom osnovanii [Application of Generalized Equations of the Finite Difference Method as part of the Analysis of Slabs Resting on Elastic Foundations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 102—107. (In Russian)
  12. Cheng C.N. Solution of Anisotropic Nonuniform Plate Problems by the Differential Quadrature Finite Difference Method. Computational mechanics. 2000, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 273—280. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004660000152.
  13. Kim C.K., Hwang M.H. Non-Linear Analysis of Skew Thin Plate by Finite Difference Method. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. 2012, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1127—1132. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12206-012-0226-9.
  14. Krys’ko V.A., Krys’ko A.V., Babenkova T.V. The Stress of Multilayered Physically Nonlinear Plates. International Applied Mechanics. 2001, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 1204—1209. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1013242717789.
  15. Wen P.H. The Fundamental Solution of Mindlin Plates Resting on an Elastic Foundation in the Laplace Domain and its Application. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2008, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 1032—1050. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2007.09.020.
  16. Chen W.L., Striz A.G., Bert C.W. High-accuracy Plane Stress and Plate Elements in the Quadrature Element Method. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2000, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 627—647. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7683(99)00028-1.
  17. Aizikovich S., Vasiliev A., Trubchik I., Evich L., Ambalova E., Sevostianov I. Analytical Solution for the Bending of a Plate on a Functionally Graded Layer of Complex Structure. Advanced Structured Materials. 2011, vol. 15, pp. 15—28. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-21855-2_2.
  18. Golushko S.K., Idimeshev S.V., Shapeev V.P. Metod kollokatsiy i naimen’shikh nevyazok v prilozhenii k zadacham mekhaniki izotropnykh plastin [Collocation and Least Residuals Method as Applied to the Mechanics of Isotropic Plates]. Vychislitel’nye tekhnologii [Computational Technologies]. 2013, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 31—43. (In Russian)
  19. Idimeshev S.V. Raschet napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya izotropnykh pryamougol’nykh plastin na uprugom osnovanii [Calculation of Stress-Strain State of Isotropic Rectangular Plates on Elastic Foundation]. Izvestiya Altayskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [The News of Altai State University]. 2014, vol. 1, no. 1 (81), pp. 53—56. (In Russian)
  20. Isaev V.I., Shapeev V.P. Razvitie metoda kollokatsiy i naimen’shikh kvadratov [Development of Collocations and Least Squares Method]. Trudy Instituta matematiki i mekhaniki [Proceedings of the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics]. 2008, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 41—60. (In Russian)

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Main formulations of the finite element method for the problems of structural mechanics. Part 2

  • Ignat’ev Aleksandr Vladimirovich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 40-59

The author offers a classification of Finite Element formulations, which allows orienting in a great number of the published and continuing to be published works on the problem of raising the efficiency of this widespread numerical method. The second part of the article offers examination of straight formulations of FEM in the form of displacement approach, area method and classical mixed-mode method. The question of solution convergence according to FEM in the form of classical mixed-mode method is considered on the example of single-input single-output system of a beam in case of finite element grid refinement. The author draws a conclusion, that extinction of algebraic equations system of FEM in case of passage to the limit is not a peculiar feature of this method in general, but manifests itself only in some particular cases. At the same time the obtained results prove that FEM in mixed-mode form provides obtaining more stable results in case of finite element grid refinement in comparison with FEM in the form of displacement approach. It is quite obvious that the same qualities will appear also in two-dimensional systems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.40-59

References
  1. Gorodetskiy A.S., Zavoritskiy V.I., Lantukh-Lyashñhenko A.I., Rasskazov A.O. Metod konechnykh elementov v proektirovanii transportnykh sooruzheniy [Finite Element Method in Transport Constructions Design]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1981, 143 p. (In Russian)
  2. Postnov V.A., Kharkhurim I.Ya. Metod konechnykh elementov v raschetakh sudovykh konstruktsiy [Finite Element Method in Ship Structures Calculation]. Leningrad, Sudostroenie Publ., 1974, 344 p. (In Russian)
  3. Sekulovich M. Metod konechnykh elementov [Finite Element Method]. Translated from Serbian Yu.N. Zueva, editor V.Sh. Barbakadze. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 664 p. (In Russian)
  4. Ignat’ev A.V. Osnovnye formulirovki metoda konechnykh elementov v zadachakh stroitel’noy mekhaniki. Chast’ 1 [Essential FEM Statements Applied to Structural Mechanics Problems. Part 1]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 11, pp. 37—57. (In Russian)
  5. Bogner F., Fox R., Schmit L. A Cylindrical Shell Discrete Element. AIAA. 1967, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 745—750. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.4056.
  6. Allman D.J. Treugol’nye konechnye elementy dlya rascheta izgibaemykh plastin pri postoyannykh i lineyno raspredelennykh izgibayushchikh momentakh [Trigonal Finite Elements for Bending Plates Calculation in Case of Permanent and Linearly Distributed Bending Moments]. Raschet uprugikh konstruktsiy s ispol’zovaniem EVM [Calculation of Elastic Structures Using Computer]. Translated from English, editor A.P. Filin. Leningrad, Sudostroenie Publ., 1974, pp. 80—101. (In Russian)
  7. Klochkov Yu.V. Razvitie teorii lineynogo i nelineynogo deformirovaniya obolochek na osnove MKE s uchetom smeshcheniya kak zhestkogo tselogo i izmeneniya tolshchiny [Development of the Theory of Linear and Non-linear Deformation of Shells Basing on FEM with Account for the Displacement as Stiff Entire and Change of the Width]. Dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences. Volgograd, Volgogradskaya GSKhA Publ., 2001, 326 p. (In Russian)
  8. Bathe K.-J., Wilson E.L. Numerical Methods in Finite Element Analysis, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, 1976, 528 p.
  9. Bathe K. Metody konechnykh elementov [Finite Elements Methods]. Transl. from English by V.P. Shidlovskiy. Moscow, FIZMATLIT Publ., 2010, 1024 p. (In Russian)
  10. Tsybenko A.S. Primenenie treugol’nykh trekhuzlovykh nesoglasovannykh elementov dlya resheniya osesimmetrichnykh zadach teorii uprugosti [Application of Trigonal Nonconforming Elements for Solving Axisymmetric Tasks of Elasticity Theory]. Problemy plastichnosti [Elasticity Problems]. 1986, no. 3, pp. 79—83.
  11. Semenov V.A., Semenov P.Yu. Hybrid Finite Elements for Analysis of Shell Structures. Proc. International Congress ICSS—98, 22—26 June 1998, Moscow, Russia. Moscow, 1998, vol. 1, pp. 244—251.
  12. Bathe K.J. Finite Element Procedures. Prent. Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1996, 1036 p.
  13. Fraeijs de Veubeke B., Sander G. An Equilibrium Model for Plate Bending. International J. Solids and Structures. 1968, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 447—468. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0020-7683(68)90049-8.
  14. Tyukalov Yu.A. Reshenie zadach stroitel’noy mekhaniki metodom konechnykh elementov v napryazheniyakh na osnove funktsionala dopolnitel’noy energii i printsipa vozmozhnykh peremeshcheniy [Solving the Tasks of Structural Mechanics by Finite Element Method in Strains Basing on Additional Energy Functional and Principle of Possible Sisplacements]. Dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences. Kirov, VyatGY Publ., 2006, 314 p. (In Russian)
  15. Ignat’ev V.A., Ignat’ev A.V., Zhidelev A.V. Smeshannaya forma metoda konechnykh elementov v zadachakh stroitel’noy mekhaniki [Mixed Form of Finite Element Method in Problems of Structural Mechanics]. Volgograd, VolgGASU Publ., 2006, 172 p. (In Russian). (In Russian)
  16. Ignat’ev A.V., Gabova V.V. Algoritm staticheskogo rascheta ploskikh sterzhnevykh sistem po metodu konechnykh elementov v smeshannoy forme [Algorithm of Static Analysis of Flat Truss Structures Using Finite Element Method in Mixed Mode Form]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye nauki [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Natural Sciences]. 2007, no. 6 (23), pp. 72—77. (In Russian)
  17. Rekunov S.S., Voronkova G.V. Osobennosti rascheta plastinok po metodu konechnykh elementov v smeshannoy forme [Features of Calculating Plates Using Finite Elements Method in Mixed-Mode Form]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2007, no. 7 (26), pp. 74—77. (In Russian)
  18. Maslennikov A.M. Raschet stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy chislennymi metodami [Calculation of Building Structures Using Numerical Methods]. Leningrad, LGU Publ., 1987, 224 p. (In Russian)
  19. Pokrovskiy A.A. Smeshannaya forma MKE v raschetakh sterzhnevykh sistem i sploshnoy sredy [Mixed-Mode Form of FEM in Calculation of Truss Systems and Continuous Medium]. Dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences. Penza, PGASA Publ., 2000, 308 p. (In Russian)

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Mathematical calculation model for geometrical parameters of timber mesh design with orthogonal grid

  • Loktev Dmitriy Aleksandrovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) engineer, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Director, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lyakh Nikolay Ivanovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zhadanov Viktor Ivanovich - Orenburg State University” (OSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Building Structures, Orenburg State University” (OSU), 13 prospekt Pobedy, Orenburg, 460018, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ermolin Vladimir Nikolaevich - Siberian State Technological University (SibGTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Wood Science, Siberian State Technological University (SibGTU), 82 prospect Mira, Krasnoyarsk, 660049, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 60-69

Mesh cover design, a multi-element design, which ensures the correct geometrical arrangement of the elements, is a very important task. The purpose of the given article is the development of a mathematical model for selecting the geometric parameters of wooden arches with mesh orthogonal grid with different input data. In this article three variants of design were observed. The main differences between them are in the relative position of longitudinal and transverse components. When performing static calculations of such designs in order to achieve their subsequent correct assembly, the following location conditions were observed: all the items must strictly match with each other without a gap and without overlap. However, these conditions must be met for any ratio of height to the arch span, the number of longitudinal members and the thickness of longitudinal members. Inverse problems also take place. In this case, the geometric calculation is not possible to vary the cross-section elements, and the stress-strain state of the cover is provided by varying the pitch of the transverse arches of the elements, on which the geometric calculation has no influence. All this determines the need for universal mathematical models describing any geometrical parameter of the designs needed for their geometrical calculation. The basic approach for the development of such models is the use of the known trigonometric formulas, giving a complete description of the desired geometry of the arch. Finally three transcendental equations were obtained, the solution algorithm of which using Newton’s method is presented in the MathCAD. The complexity of solving such equations using the proposed algorithm in the MathCAD is reduced to a minimum.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.60-69

References
  1. Zhang Z., Ding J., Wang S. Structural System Selection and Structural Design for a Giant Ellipsoid Large-span Steel Roof. Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints : IASS-SLTE 2014 Symposium, Brasilia, Brazil. Short abstracts. Reyalando M.L.R.F., Brasil and Ruy M.O. Pauletti (eds.). Pp. 6—7. Available ay: http://www.iass2014.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/short-abstracts.pdf. Date of access: 25.11.2014.
  2. Yan Y., Zhang Q. Shape Optimization of Free-form Single-layer Reticulated Shells Based on Ansys. Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints : IASS-SLTE 2014 Symposium, Brasilia, Brazil. Short abstracts. Reyalando M.L.R.F., Brasil and Ruy M.O. Pauletti (eds.). Pp. 12. Available at: http://www.iass2014.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/shortabstracts.pdf. Date of access: 25.11.2014.
  3. Zhuravlev A.A., Muro G.E. Novoe konstruktivnoe reshenie pokrytiya sistemy Tsolingera [New Design Solution for Roof of Zolinger System]. Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona [Engineering Journal of Don]. 2011, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 523—527. (In Russian)
  4. Wester T. Structures of Nature in Modern Buildings. Seysan Kenkyu = Mon. J. Inst. Univ. Tokyo. 1989, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 694—700.
  5. Miryaev B.V. Optimizatsiya geometricheskoy skhemy setchatykh kupolov, obrazovannykh na osnove ikosaedra [Optimization of Geometrical Scheme of Mesh Domes Formed on the Basis of Icosahedron]. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Regional Architecture and Construction]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 122—125. (In Russian)
  6. Zhadanov V.I. Issledovanie osobennostey napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya krupnorazmernykh kleefanernykh plit s uchetom ikh konstruktivnykh osobennostey [Investigation of the Stress-strain State Features of Large-scale Cement-Veneer Plates in Accordance with their Design Features]. Sovremennye stroitel’nye konstruktsii iz metalla i drevesiny : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Modern Constructions of Metal and Wood: Collection of Scientific Articles]. Odessa, OGASA Publ., 2011, pp. 64—67. (In Russian)
  7. Zhadanov V.I., Lisov S.V., Ukrainchenko D.A. Ob effektivnosti kontseptual’nogo podkhoda v proektirovanii derevyannykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Effectiveness of a Conceptual Approach in the Design of Wooden Buildings and Structures]. Sovremennye stroitel’nye konstruktsii iz metalla i drevesiny : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Modern Constructions of Metal and Wood: Collection of Scientific Articles]. Odessa, OGASA Publ., 2010, no. 14, part. 1, pp. 93—97. (In Russian)
  8. Zhadanov V.I., Tisevich E.V., Kechin A.A. Algoritmy poiska optimal’nogo konstruktivnogo resheniya rebristykh kleefanernykh paneley [Algorithms for Finding the Optimal Design Solution of Ribbed Cement-Veneer Panels]. Aktual’nye problemy stroitel’nogo i dorozhnogo kompleksov : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (Yoshkar-Ola, 4—6 iyunya 2013 goda) [Current Problems of Building and Road Systems: Proceedings of the International Scientific-Practical Conference (Yoshkar-Ola, June, 4—6, 2013]. Yoshkar-Ola, PGTU Publ., 2013, pp. 120—123. (In Russian)
  9. Lelik Ya.R., Berlach O.P. Raschet geometricheskikh parametrov pri proektirovanii opalubki dlya prostranstvennykh krivolineynykh poverkhnostey [Calculation of Geometric Parameters in the Design of Formwork for Spatial Curved Surfaces]. Sovremennoe promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Modern Industrial and Civil Construction]. 2010, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 223—228. (In Russian)
  10. Artemov V.V., Sadetov T.S., Kruglaya N.V. Opredelenie koordinat uzlov krivolineynykh reber somknutogo setchatogo svoda na pryamougol’nom plane [Determination of the Nodes Coordinates of Curved Edges of a Closed Net Vault on a Rectangular Plan]. Legkie stroitel'nye konstruktsii : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Lightweight Building Structures : Collection of Scientific Articles]. Rostov on Don, RGSU Publ., 2003, pp. 129—137. (In Russian)
  11. Sadetov T.S., Artemov V.V., Kruglaya N.V. Opredelenie gabaritnykh razmerov nestandartnykh kosyakov v somknutykh svodakh [Determination of the Dimensions of Non-standard Stocks in Closed Vaults]. Legkie stroitel’nye konstruktsii [Lightweight Building Structures]. Rostov on Don, RGSU Publ., 2004, pp. 112—117. (In Russian)
  12. Lebed’ E.V., Atkin A.V., Romashkin V.N. Realizatsiya komp’yuternogo geometricheskogo modelirovaniya prostranstvennykh sterzhnevykh sistem [Implementation of Computer Geometric Modeling of Spatial Rod Systems]. Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Inzhenernye issledovaniya [Bulletin of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series: Engineering Research]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 141—150. (In Russian)
  13. Loktev D.A., Inzhutov I.S., Rozhkov A.F. Formoobrazovanie i konstruirovanie derevyannykh setchatykh svodov s ortogonal’noy setkoy dlya pokrytiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Shaping and Designing of Wooden Mesh Arches with Orthogonal Grid for Roofi ng Buildings and Structures]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of the Institutions of Higher Education. Construction]. 2013, no. 11—12 (659—660), pp. 73—81. (In Russian)
  14. Karel’skiy A.V., Labudin B.V., Melekhov V.I. Trebovaniya k nadezhnosti i bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii bol’sheproletnykh kleenykh derevyannykh konstruktsiy [Requirements for Reliability and Safe Operation of Span Glued Wooden Structures]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Lesnoy zhurnal [News of the Institutions of Higher Education. Forest Journal]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 143—147. (In Russian)
  15. Stetskiy S.V., Chen Guanlong. Optimal’nye konstruktivnye, planirovochnye i geometricheskie resheniya svetovykh kolodtsev dlya mnogoetazhnykh proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Optimal Design, Planning and Geometric Solutions for Light Wells For Multi-Storey Industrial Buildings]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 84—86. (In Russian)
  16. Chernysh N.D., Koren’kova G.V., Mityakina N.A. O sokhranenii traditsiy v khramostroitel’stve [On Preservation of Traditions in the Construction of Temples]. Tekhnicheskie nauki — ot teorii k praktike : materialy XXIII Mezhdunarodnoy zaochnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii 10 iyulya 2013 goda [Technical Sciences — from Theory to Practice : Materials of the 23rd International Distance Science and Practice Conference, July 10, 2013]. Novosibirsk, Izdatelstvo «SibAK» Publ., 2013, pp. 86—91. (In Russian)
  17. Korotich A.V. Strukturno-kompozitsionnoe formoobrazovanie obolochek v sovremennoy arkhitekture [Structural and Compositional Shaping of Shells in Modern Architecture]. Gradostroitel’stvo [Urban Development]. 2012, no. 4 (20), pp. 47—51. (In Russian)
  18. Chernykh O.A. Transtsendentnye uravneniya s parametrami i metody ikh resheniya [Transcendental Equations with Parameters and Methods of their Solution]. Informatsionno-kommunikatsionnye tekhnologii v pedagogicheskom obrazovanii [Information and Communication Technologies in Teacher Education]. 2012, no. 03 (18), pp. 49—65. (In Russian)
  19. Kalent’ev E.A., Tarasov V.V., Novikov V.N. Utochnenie resheniya transtsendentnogo uravneniya pri raschete geometrii kanatov lineynogo kasaniya [Clarification of the Solution of Transcendental Equation when Calculating the Ropes Geometry of Linear Touch]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Construction Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 12—14. (In Russian)
  20. Ruckert J., Schleicher D. On Newton’s Method for Entire Functions. Journal of the London Mathematical Society. Oxford University press, London, 2007, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 659—676. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1112/jlms/jdm102.

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Numerical-analytical method of calculating insulated double-glazed units deflection under climatic (internal) load

  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Stratiy Pavel Vasil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 70-76

Glass unit consists of glasses hermetically-united together. The cavity of an insulating glass unit contains a fixed volume of air (gas). In the process of production regular air with atmospheric pressure and temperature is sealed inside a glass unit. During operation the atmospheric pressure is constantly changing, but the pressure inside remains constant (at a constant temperature). A change of temperature or of the external air pressure results in a pressure difference and therefore in a load on the glass panes. The action may exceed the usual load considerably. This pressure effects the glasses of the unit, deforms them, lowers the thermotechnical properties of glass units and can lead to their destruction. The action of the inside pressure can be seen all around as convex and concaved glasses, which destroys the architectural look of buildings. It is obvious that it is incorrect to calculate thin glass plates on such a load only by classical methods of strength of materials theory. In this case we need a special calculation method. The effects of a change in temperature, altitude or meteorological pressure are easily covered by the definition of an isochore pressure. This is necessary, to determine the change of pressure due to the temperature induced gas expansion in the cavity of the insulating glass according to the ideal gas law. After the integration of the analytical plate solution and the ideal gas law, the final pressure states can easily be calculated by coupling the change of volume and the change of pressure.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.70-76

References
  1. Feldmeier F. Internal Loads and Load Sharing of Insulating Glass Units. Stahlbau. June 2006, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 467—478.
  2. Huveners E.M.P., Van Herwijnen F., Soetens F. Load Sharing in Insulated Double Glass Units. Heron. 2003, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 99—122.
  3. Zhao Yie, Curcija D., Goss W.P. Convective Heat Transfer Correlations for Fenestration Glazing Cavities: A Review. ASHRAE Transactions. 1999, vol. 105, pt. 2.
  4. Zdaniya i sooruzheniya so svetoprozrachnymi fasadami i krovlyami : Teoreticheskie osnovy proektirovaniya svetoprozrachnykh konstruktsiy [Buildings and Structures with Curtain Walls and Roofs : Theoretical Bases of Translucent Structures Design]. Under the geberal editorship of I.V. Boriskina. Saint Petersburg, ITs Okonnykh sistem Publ., 2012, 400 p. (In Russian)
  5. Ensslen F. Load Bearing Performance of Weathered Laminated Safety Glass Panes. Stahlbau. August 2007, vol. 76, no. 8, pp. 582—590.
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Deflection under the Action of Atmosphere Compound of Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33— 36. (In Russian)
  7. Behr R.A. Architectural Glass to Resist Seismic and Extreme Climatic Events. Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press, 2009, 260 p.
  8. W?rner J.-D., Pfeiffer R., Schneider J., Shen X. Glass Structures — Basics, Design and Construction. Bautechnik. May 1998, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 280—293.
  9. Feldmeier F. How to Handle Climatic Loads in the Design of Insulating Glass Units. Stahlbau. August 1996, vol. 65, no. 8, pp. 285—290.
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  11. Buddenberg S., Beyer J., Oechsner M. Duraseal-Durability Design of Insulating Glass Units — A Status Report. Proceedings of the Challenging Glass 4 and Cost Action TU0905 Final Conference. 2014, pp. 297—304. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b16499-44.
  12. Penkova N., Iliev V., Neugebauer J. Thermal-mechanical Behaviour of Insulating Glass Units. Proceedings of COST Action TU0905 Mid-Term Conference on Structural Glass. 2013, pp. 295—303. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b14563-42.
  13. Respondek Z., Rajczyk M. Study of Glass Composite Structure Displacement Stressed by Atmospheric Factors. Advanced Materials Research. 2012, vol. 583, pp. 191—194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.583.191.
  14. Feldmeier F. Design of Triole Insulating Glass Units. Stahlbau Issue SPEC. ISSUE. March 2011, pp. 75—80.
  15. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculation of Climatic Load on a Glass Unit Using the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  16. Tibolt M., Hechler O., Odenbreit C. Analytical Extension of a Climate Load Model for Undercut Point Fitted IGU. Proceedings of the Challenging Glass 4 and Cost Action TU0905 Final Conference. 2014, pp. 199—208.
  17. Velche D., Ivanov I.V. A Finite Element for Insulating Glass Units. Proceedings of the Challenging Glass 4 and Cost Action TU0905 Final Conference. 2014, pp. 311—318. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b16499-46.
  18. Von Grabe J. Winter S. Contribution to the Examination of Double Glazed Units under Climate-induced Pressure Loads. Part 1: Method of Calculation. Bautechnik. July 2011, vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 425—432. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bate.201101483.
  19. Von Grabe J., Winter S. Contribution to the Examination of Double Glazed Units under Climate-induced Pressure Loads. Part 2: Validation. Bautechnik. August 2011, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 507—513. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bate.201101494.
  20. SN 481—75. Instruktsiya po proektirovaniyu, montazhu i ekspluatatsii steklopaketov [Construction Requirements SN 481—75. Instruction on Design, Construction and Operation of Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 20 p. (In Russian)
  21. Bohmann D. Ein numerisches Verfahren zur Berechnung von Verbundglasscheiben. Shaker Verlag Aachen, Dissertation, Schriftenreihe — Stahlbau, RWTH Aachen, Heft 43, 1999.
  22. Nikitin N.V., Travush V.I. Raschet germetichnykh steklopaketov [Calculation of Geometric Glass Units]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1970, no. 4. (In Russian)
  23. Timoshenko S.P., Voynovskiy-Kriger S. Plastinki i obolochki [Plates and Shells]. 2nd edition. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, 636 p. (In Russian)

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Influence of location and parameters of stiffeners on the stability of a square plate under shear

  • Pritykin Aleksey Igorevich - Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development, Land Planning and Design, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU), 14 Aleksandra Nevskogo str., Kaliningrad, 236041; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kirillov Il’ya Evgen’evich - Kaliningrad State Technical University (KSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Industrial and Civil Engineering, Kaliningrad State Technical University (KSTU), 1 Sovetskiy Prospect, Kaliningrad, 236022, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 77-87

Application of flexible-walled beams is rather effective because the reducing of wall thickness compared to ordinary welded beams leads to substantial reduction of metal expenditure for the walls and its more rational use. The operation experience of such beams shows that the loss of local stability of a wall takes place near bearing cross section with characteristic diagonal type of half waves, indicating, that the reason for the stability loss is in shear deformation. In plate girder with slender web big transverse forces appear, which leads to its buckling as a result of shear. One of the ways to increase stability of the parts of web near supports is to install stiffeners. In the given work the task of finding critical stresses of fixed square plate with installed inclined stiffener is considered. Investigations were performed with the help of finite element method and were experimentally checked. Recommendations were given on the choice of optimal size of the stiffener.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.77-87

References
  1. Chen W.F., Lui E.M. Handbook of Structural Engineering, 2nd ed. CRC Press, 2005, 1768 p.
  2. Duggal S.K. Design of Steel Structures. Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2000, 663 p.
  3. Darko Beg. Plate and Box Girder Stiffener Design in View of Eurocode 3: Part 1.5. 6th National Conference on Metal Structures. 2008, vol. 1, pp. 286—303.
  4. Hendy C.R., Presta F. Transverse Web Stiffeners and Shear Moment Interaction for Steel Plate Girder Bridges. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Steel Bridges. Guimaracs. Portugal. 2008. ECCS, p. 8.
  5. Evans H.R. Longitudinally and Transversely Reinforced Plate Girders. Chapter 1. Plated Structures, Stability&Strength. Ed R. Narayanan. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, London, 1983, pp. 1—73.
  6. Ravi S. Bellur. Optimal Design of Stiffened Plates. M. Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, Graduate Department of Aerospace Science and Engineering, 1999, 100 p.
  7. Mohammed M. Hasan. Optimum Design of Stiffened Square Plates for Longitudinal and Square Ribs. Al-khwarizmi Engineering Journal. 2007, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 13—30.
  8. Leitch S.D. Steel Plate Girder Webs with Slender Intermediate Transverse Stiffeners. Ottawa: National Library of Canada. Biblioth? que national edu Canada, 1999.
  9. Virag Z. Optimum Design of Stiffened Plates for Different Load and Shapes of Ribs. Journal of Computational and Applied Mechanics. 2004, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 165—179.
  10. Kubiak T. Static and Dynamic Buckling of Thin-Walled Plate Structures. Cham, Springer, 2013, 250 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00654-3.
  11. ?kesson B. Plate Buckling in Bridges and Other Structures. London, Taylor & Francis, 2007, 282 p.
  12. Gaby Issa-El-Khoury, Daniel G Linzell, Louis F. Geschwindner. Computational Studies of Horizontally Curved, Longitudinally Stiffened, Plate Girder Webs in Flexure. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. February 2014, vol. 93, pp. 97—106. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2013.10.018.
  13. Aleksi? S., Roga? M., Lu?i? D. Analysis of Locally Loaded Steel Plate Girders: Model for Patch Load Resistance. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. October 2013, vol. 89, pp. 153—164. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2013.07.005.
  14. Saliba N., Real E., Gardner L. Shear Design Recommendations for Stainless Steel Plate Girders. Engineering Structures. February 2014, vol. 59, pp. 220—228. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.10.016.
  15. Real E., Mirambell E., Estrada I. Shear Response of Stainless Steel Plate Girders. Engineering Structures. July 2007, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1626—1640. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.08.023.
  16. Chac?n R., Mirambell E., Real E. Transversally stiffened plate girders subjected to patch loading. Part 1. Preliminary study. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. January 2013, vol. 80, pp. 483—491. : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.06.008.
  17. Tang K.H., Evans H.R. Transverse Stiffeners for Plate Girder Webs—an Experimental Study. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 1984, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 253—280. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0143-974X(84)90002-6.
  18. Birger I.A., Panovko Ya.G., editors. Prochnost’, ustoychivost’, kolebaniya. Spravochnik v trekh tomakh [Strength, Stability, Fluctuations. Reference Book]. Vol. 3, Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1968, 567 p. (In Russian)
  19. SP 16.13330.2011. Stal’nye konstruktsii. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP II-23—81* [Construction Requirements SP 16.13330.2011. Steel Structures. Revised edition of SN&R II-23—81*]. Minregion Rossii [Ministry of Regional Development of Russia]. Moscow, OAO «TsPP» Publ., 2011, 172 p. (In Russian)
  20. Pritykin A.I. Mestnaya ustoychivost’ balok-stenok s shestiugol’nymi vyrezami [Local Stability of Wall Beams with Hexagonal Gains]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 2—6. (In Russian)

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Kinetics of strength gain of biocidal cements

  • Rodin Aleksandr Ivanovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Erofeev Vladimir Trofimovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, dean, Department of Architecture and Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pustovgar Andrey Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Research, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Eremin Aleksey Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) head, laboratory of Physical and Chemical Analysis, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pashkevich Stanislav Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, head, Laboratory of Climatic Tests, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 656-14-66; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bogatov Andrey Dmitrievich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kaznacheev Sergey Valer’evich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Adamtsevich Aleksey Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, head, Principal Regional Center of Collective Use of Scientific Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 656-14-66; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 88-97

Biocorrosion becomes the determinative durability factor of buildings and constructions. Damages of construction materials caused by bacteria, filamentous fungi, actinomycetes constitute a serious danger to the constructions of a building or a structure and to the health of people. Biodeteriorations are typical both in old and new constructions. A great quantity of destruction factors of industrial and residential buildings under the influence of microorganisms was established in practice. Providing products and constructions based on concretes fungicidal and bactericidal properties is an important direction of modern construction material science. The most efficient way to solve this task is creation of biocidal cements. The article presents the results of experimental studies of kinetic dependences of strength gain by biocidal cements by physico-mechanical and physico-chemical analysis methods. The identical velocity character of initial hydration of the developed compositions of biocidal cements is set, as well as a more calm behavior of hardening processes at later terms. It has been established that the compositions of biocidal cements modified by sodium sulfate and sodium fluoride possess the greatest strength.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.88-97

References
  1. Andreyuk E.I., Kozlova I.A., Kopteva Zh.P. Mikrobnaya korroziya podzemnykh sooruzheniy [Microbial Corrosion of Underground Constructions]. Biopovrezhdeniya i biokorroziya v stroitel’stve : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Biodeteriorations and Biocorrosion in Construction: Materials of the 2nd International Scientific-technical Conference]. Saransk, Mordovia State University Publ., 2006, pp. 79—99. (In Russian)
  2. Gorlenko M.V. Nekotorye biologicheskie aspekty biodestruktsii materialov i izdeliy [Some Biological Aspects of Biodestruction of Materials and Products]. Biopovrezhdeniya v stroitel’stve [Biodeteriorations in Construction]. Moscow, 1984, pp. 9—17. (In Russian)
  3. Ivanov F.M. Biokorroziya neorganicheskikh stroitel’nykh materialov [Biocorrosion of Inorganic Building Materials]. Biopovrezhdeniya v stroitel’stve [Biodeteriorations in Construction]. Moscow, 1984, pp. 183—188. (In Russian)
  4. Kanevskaya I.G. Biologicheskoe povrezhdenie promyshlennykh materialov [Biological Damage of Industrial Materials]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1984, 230 p. (In Russian)
  5. Lugauskas A.Yu., Mikul’skene A.I., Shlyauzhene D.E. Katalog mikromitsetov — biodestruktorov polimernykh materialov: biologicheskie povrezhdeniya [Catalog of Micromycetes — Biodestructors of Polymeric Materials: Biological Deteriorations]. M.V. Gorlenko, editor. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1987, 340 p. (In Russian)
  6. Pokrovskaya E.N., Koteneva I.V. Biopovrezhdeniya istoricheskikh pamyatnikov [Biodeterioration of Historic Monuments]. Biopovrezhdeniya i biokorroziya v stroitel’stve : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Biodeteriorations and Biocorrosion in Construction: Materials of International Scientific-technical Conference]. Saransk, Mordovia State University Publ., 2004, pp. 245—248. (In Russian)
  7. Turkova Z.A. Mikroflora materialov na mineral’noy osnove i veroyatnye mekhanizmy ikh razrusheniya [Florula of Materials on a Mineral Basis and Probable Mechanisms of their Destruction]. Mikologiya i fitopatologiya [Mycology and phytopathology]. 1974, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 219—226. (In Russian)
  8. Videla H.A., Herrera L.K. Microbiologically Infl uenced Corrosion: Looking to the Future. International Microbiology. 2005, no. 8(3), pp. 169—180.
  9. Javaherdashti R. Microbiologically Infl uenced Corrosion. An Engineering Insight. Springer-Verlag, UK, 2008, 164 p.
  10. Little B.J., Lee J.S. Microbiologically Infl uenced Corrosion. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2007, 294 p.
  11. Ramesh Babu B., Maruthamuthu S., Rajasekar A. Microbiologically Infl uenced Corrosion in Dairy Effl uent. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology. 2006, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 159—166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03325920.
  12. Erofeev V.T., Komokhov P.G., Smirnov V.F., Svetlov D.A., Kaznacheev S.V., Bogatov A.D., Morozov E.A., Vasil’ev O.D., Makarevich Yu.M., Spirin V.A., Patsyuk N.A. Zashchita zdaniy i sooruzheniy ot mikrobiologicheskikh povrezhdeniy biotsidnymi preparatami na osnove guanidina [Protection of Buildings and Structures from Biological Damages Using Biocidal Agents Based on Guanidine]. Under the general editorship of P.G. Komokhov, V.T. Erofeev, G.E. Afi nogenov. Saint Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2009, 192 p. (In Russian)
  13. Antonov V.B. Vliyanie biopovrezhdeniy zdaniy i sooruzheniy na zdorov’e cheloveka [Effect of Biodeterioration of Buildings on Human Health]. Biopovrezhdeniya i biokorroziya v stroitel’stve : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Biodeteriorations and Biocorrosion in Construction: Materials of the 2nd International Scientific-technical Conference]. Saransk, Mordovia State University Publ., 2006, pp. 238—242. (In Russian)
  14. Il’ichev V.D., Bocharov B.V., Gorlenko M.V. Ekologicheskie osnovy zashchity ot biopovrezhdeniy [Ecological Bases of Protection against Biodamages]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1985, 262 p. (In Russian)
  15. Erofeev V.T., Rimshin V.I., Bazhenov Yu.M., Travush V.I., Karpenko N.I., Magdeev U.Kh., Zhidkin V.F., Burnaykin N.F., Rodin A.I., Smirnov V.F., Bogatov A.D., Kaznacheev S.V. Patent 2491240 RF, MPK C04B 7/52. Biotsidnyy portlandtsement ; ¹ 2012107722/03; zayavl. 29.02.2012; opubl. 27.08.2013. Byul. ¹ 24 [Patent of the Russian Federation no. 2491240, MPK S04V7/52. Biocidal Portland Cements ; no. 2012107722/03; appl. 29.02.2012; publ. 27.08.2013. Bulletin no. 24.]. Patent holder : Ogarev Mordovia State University, 4 p. (In Russian)
  16. Svetlov D.A. Biotsidnye preparaty na osnove proizvodnykh poligeksametilenguanidina [Biocidal Agents on the Basis of Derivatives of a polyhexamethylen poligeksametilenguanidinguanidine]. Zhizn’ i bezopasnost’ [Life and Safety]. 2005, no. 3—4. (In Russian)
  17. Adamtsevich A.O., Pashkevich S.A., Pustovgar A.P. Ispol’zovanie kalorimetrii dlya prognozirovaniya rosta prochnosti tsementnykh sistem uskorennogo tverdeniya [Use of Calorimetry for Forecasting the Increase in Durability of Cement Systems of the Accelerated Curing]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 36—42. (In Russian)
  18. Pashkevich S., Pustovgar A., Adamtsevich A., Eremin A. Pore Structure Formation of Modifi ed Cement Systems, Hardening over the Temperature Range from +22 °C to –10 °C. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 584—586, pp. 1659—1664. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.584-586.1659.
  19. Makridin N.I., Tarakanov O.V., Maksimova I.N., Surov I.A. Faktor vremeni v formirovanii fazovogo sostava struktury tsementnogo kamnya [Time Factor in the Formation of Phase Structure of a Cement Stone Structure]. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Regional Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 26—31. (In Russian)
  20. Jansen D., Goetz-Neunhoeffer F., Lothenbach B., Neubauer J. The early hydration of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC): An approach comparing measured heat fl ow with calculated heat fl ow from QXRD. Cement and Concrete Research. 2012, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 134—138. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.09.001.
  21. Bullard J.W., Jennings H.M., Livingston R.A., Nonat A., Scherer G.W., Schweitzer J.S., Scrivener K.L., Thomas J.J. Mechanisms of Cement Hydration. Cement and Concrete Research. 2011, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1208—1223. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2010.09.011.

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Hysteresis damping characteristics calculation in an overcritically compressed member with variable cross section

  • Smirnov Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 98-105

The article focuses on calculating the loss factor in the stiffness corrector of quasi-zero stiffness vibration isolator, designed for precision equipment vibration isolation from low-frequency base vibrations. Stiffness corrector is a beam with a variable cross-section and an initial curvature loaded in the middle with the transverse load. The initial curvature of the beam is determined by solving the problem of the axial deformation of the beam of variable cross-section with an axial load exceeding the critical Euler force. The loss factor of the stiffness corrector’s material is determined in accordance with Panovko energy theory. For these purposes, the elastic shape of the stiffness corrector loaded with transverse force is calculated and potential energy of the corrector, which corresponds to the prescribed elastic shape, is obtained. Loss factor is calculated by dividing the absorption coefficient of the stiffness corrector material by its potential energy for various types of cross-sections of corrector’s beams. Determination of stiffness corrector’s material loss factor is performed through several experimental investigations, in which the coefficients of the approximating function are obtained via approximation of specimen of damped oscillations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.98-105

References
  1. Smirnov V.A. Nelineynyy vibroizolyator dlya tseley kinematicheskoy vibrozashchity ob”ektov, chuvstvitel’nykh k vibratsii [Nonlinear Vibration Isolator for Kinematic Isolation of High-Sensitive Equipment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 107—112. (In Russian)
  2. Smirnov V.A. Razrabotka nelineynykh vibrozashchitnykh sistem novogo pokoleniya [Development of Nonlinear Vibration Isolation Systems of the New Generation]. Itogi dissertatsionnykh issledovaniy : materialy III Vserossiyskogo konkursa molodykh uchenykh [Materials of the 3rd All-Russian Contest of Young Scientists “Results of PhD Researches”]. Miass, 2011, pp. 122—128. (In Russian)
  3. Crandall S.H. The Role of Damping in Vibration Theory. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 1970, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 3—18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-460X(70)80105-5.
  4. Kolovskiy M.Z. Nelineynaya teoriya vibrozashchitnykh system [Nonlinear Theory of Vibration Isolation Systems]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, 320 p. (In Russian)
  5. Rekomendatsii po vibrozashchite nesushchikh konstruktsiy proizvodstvennykh zdaniy. [Recommendations on Vibration Protection of Bearing Structures of Industrial Buildings]. Tsentral’nyy nauchno-issledovatel’skiy i proektno-eksperimental’nyy institut kompleksnykh problem stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy imeni V. A. Kucherenko [Central Research and Experimental Design Institute of Complex Problems of Building Structures and Constructions named after V.A. Kucherenko]. Moscow, TsNIISK Publ., 1988, 217 p. (In Russian)
  6. Miyamoto H.K., Gilani A.S.J., Wada A., Ariyaratana C. Limit States and Failure Mechanisms of Viscous Dampers and the Implications for Large Earthquakes. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2010, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1279—1297. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eqe.993.
  7. Brigadnov I.A. Model’ aktivnogo dempfera na osnove magnitochuvstvitel’nykh materialov [The Model of Active Damper Based on Magnetosensitive Materials]. Problemy mashinovedeniya i mashinostroeniya. Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik [Problems of Mechanical Engineering and Machine Science. Interuniversity Proceedings]. No. 39, Saint Petersburg, SZTU Publ., 2009, pp. 51—57. (In Russian)
  8. Biderman V.L. Prikladnaya teoriya mekhanicheskikh kolebaniy [Applied Theory of Mechanical Vibrations]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1972, 400 p. (In Russian)
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  10. Rivin E.I. Passive Vibration Isolation. N.Y., ASME Press, 2003, 426 p.
  11. Yur’ev G.S. Sostoyanie sovershennoy neuprugosti tverdogo tela .[State of Perfect Inelasticity of Solids]. Izvestiya SO AN SSSR : seriya tekhnicheskie nauki [News of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR : Technical Sciences Series]. 1988, no. 11, pp. 101—105. (In Russian)
  12. Rodionov A.I., Yur’ev G.S. Ob anomal’nom roste gisterezisnykh poter’ v prodol’noszhatykh elementakh sterzhnevykh vibroizolyatorov pri stremlenii szhimayushchikh k kriticheskomu znacheniyu [Anomalous Growth of the Hysteresis Loss in Longitudinally Compressed Elements of Vibration Isolators when Compressing above The Critical Value]. Voprosy dinamiki mekhanicheskikh sistem : sbornik nauchnykh trudov. Novosibirskiy elektrotekhnicheskiy institut [Questions of Dynamics of Mechanical Systems : Collection of Scientific Articles. Novosibirsk State Electrotechnical Institute]. Novosibirsk, NETI Publ., 1989, pp. 107—112. (In Russian)
  13. Liang Dong, Roderic Lakes. Advanced Damper with High Stiffness and High Hysteresis Damping Based on Negative Structural Stiffness. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2013, vol. 50, pp. 2416—2423.
  14. Audenino A.L., Calderale P.M. Measurement of Non-Linear Internal Damping in Metals: Processing of Decay Signals in a Uniaxial Stress Field. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 1996, vol. 198, no. 4, pp. 395—409. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jsvi.1996.0578.
  15. Panovko Ya.G. Vnutrennee trenie pri kolebaniyakh uprugikh system [Internal Friction in Oscillations of Elastic Systems]. Moscow, Fizmatgiz Publ., 1960, 198 p. (In Russian)
  16. Baker W.E., Woolam W.E., Young D. Air and Internal Damping of Thin Cantilever Beams. Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1967, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 743—766. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0020-7403(67)90032-X.
  17. Mondrus V.L., Smirnov V.A. Application of Energy Method for Determining Loss Factor in Dynamic Systems with Hysteretic Damping. Applied Materials Research. 2014, vols. 580—583, pp. 2978—2982. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.580-583.2978.
  18. Wai-Fah C., Atsuta T. Theory of Beam — Columns. Vol. 1: In-Plane Behavior and Design. N.Y., J. Ross Publishing, 2008, 513 p.
  19. Smirnov V.A. Metod rascheta szhatogo izgibaemogo uprugogo elementa peremennogo poperechnogo secheniya pri bol’shikh peremeshcheniyakh [A Method for Calculating a Flexible Beam-column with Variable Cross Section in Case of Large Displacements]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 53—55. (In Russian)
  20. Mondrus V.L., Smirnov V.A. Chislennoe modelirovanie nelineynoy sistemy vibrozashchity transmissionnogo elektronnog o mikroskopa [Numerical Simulation of Nonlinear Vibration Isolation System for Electrone Microscope]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [ACADEMIA. Architecture and Construction]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 125—128. (In Russian)

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BEDDINGS AND FOUNDATIONS, SUBTERRANEAN STRUCTURES. SOIL MECHANICS

Problem of probabilistic calculation of the design on linearly and non-linearly deformable basis with casual parameters

  • Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, head, Scientific Laboratory of Reliability and Seismic Resistance of Structures, Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Dzhinchvelashvili Guram Avtandilovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Busalova Marina Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 106-112

In the article the problem of calculation of a construction basis system in case of earthquake is considered taking into account casual properties of basis soil in various points of the soil body. As a stochastic function in the calculation of linearly deformable basis, the deformation module, which accepts different values in the direction
x,
y,
z, was chosen. In the calculation of the system on non-linearly deformable basis as incidentally distributed sizes the following parameters were accepted: deformation module, shear modulus, specific adhesion, angle of internal friction. The authors of the article offer to consider initial seismic influence in the form of casual stationary process. In order to solve such problems modern software systems are proposed that solve differential equations of motion via direct integration with explicit schemes. The calculation in this case will be held on the synthesized accelerograms. A short review of the task solution of the beam lying on elastic basis, which was received by D.N. Sobolev at casual distribution of pastel coefficient in the direction
x, is provided in article. In order to define the objective, D.N. Sobolev gives expressions for a population mean and correlation function of stochastic function. As a result of the task solution population means and dispersions of function of movements and its derivatives were received. The problem formulation considered in the article is more complicated, but at the same time important from a practical standpoint.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.106-112

References
  1. Sheynin V.I., Mikheev V.V., Shashkova I.L. Statisticheskoe opisanie neodnorodnosti gruntovykh osnovaniy pri sluchaynom raspolozhenii sloev [Statistical Description of Heterogeneity of Soil Bases at Casual Arrangement of Layers]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Bases, Foundations and Soil Mechanics]. 1985, no. 1, pp. 23—26. (In Russian)
  2. Sobolev D.N. K raschetu konstruktsiy, lezhashchikh na staticheski neodnorodnom osnovanii [On Calculation of the Designs Lying on Statically Non-uniform Basis]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Construction Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1965, no. 1, pp. 1—4. (In Russian)
  3. Sobolev D.N. Zadacha o shtampe, vdavlivaemom v statisticheski neodnorodnoe uprugoe osnovanie [Problem of the Stamp Pressed into Statistically Non-uniform Elastic Basis]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Construction Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1968, no. 2 (56), pp.15—18. (In Russian)
  4. Sobolev D.N., Fayans B.L., Sheynin V.I. K raschetu plity na statisticheski neodnorodnom osnovanii [Calculation of a Plate on Statistically Non-Uniform Basis]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Construction Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 1969, no. 3, pp. 24—26. (In Russian)
  5. Mkrtychev O.V., Dzhinchvelashvili G.A. Modelirovanie seysmicheskogo vozdeystviya v vide sluchaynogo protsessa metodom kanonicheskogo razlozheniya [Modeling of seismic influence in the form of casual process by the method of initial decomposition]. Fundamental’nye nauki v sovremennom stroitel’stve : sbornik dokladov III nauchno-prakticheskoy i uchebno-metodicheskoy konferentsii MGSU, 22.12.2003 goda [Fundamental Sciences in Modern Construction. Collection of the Third Science-Practical, Educational and Methodical Conference of MGSU]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2003, pp. 79—84. (In Russian)
  6. Mondrus V.L. K voprosu ob opredelenii avtokorrelyatsionnoy funktsii v sluchaynom protsesse [A Question of Finding Autocorrelated Function in Casual Process]. Izvestiya Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. Mekhanika tverdogo tela [News of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Mechanics of Solids]. 1993, no. 5, pp. 185—190. (In Russian)
  7. Reshetov A.A. Modelirovanie sluchaynogo seysmicheskogo vozdeystviya metodom formiruyushchego fi l’tra [Modeling of Casual Seismic Infl uence by Shaping Filter Method]. Fundamental’nye nauki v sovremennom stroitel’stve : sbornik trudov VII Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy i uchebno-metodicheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 5-letiyu obrazovaniya IFO MGSU [The Collection of Works the 7th All-Russian Science-Practical, Educational and Methodical Conference Devoted to the 5th Anniversary of IFO MGSU “Fundamental Sciences in Modern Construction”]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2010, pp. 159—162. (In Russian)
  8. Petrov V.V., Krivoshein I.V. Ustoychivost’ form ravnovesiya nelineyno deformiruemykh gibkikh pologikh obolochek [Equilibrium of the Sustainable Forms of Nonlinear Deformable Flexible Shallow Shells]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [ACADEMIA. Architecture and Construction]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 14—18. (In Russian)
  9. Mamedov E.Z. Sobstvennoe kolebanie neodnorodnoy krugloy plastinki, lezhashchey na vyazko-uprugom osnovani [Characteristic Oscillation of Non-uniform Round Plate Lying on Visco-elastic Basis]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Rossii [Architecture and Construction of Russia]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 24—29. (In Russian)
  10. Myasnikova E.S. Otsenka nadezhnosti nelineyno i lineyno deformiruemogo osnovaniya [Reliability Estimation of Non-linearly and Linearly Deformable Basis]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh’ya [Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Volga Region]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 51—55. (In Russian)
  11. Mkrtychev O.V., Myasnikova E.S. Otsenka nadezhnosti plity na lineyno deformiruemom osnovanii, s peremennym v plane modulem deformatsii [Assessment of Reliability of the Foundation Slab Resting on the Linearly Deformable Bed and Characterized by the Modulus of Deformation Variable in X- and Y-axis Directions]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 29—33. (In Russian)
  12. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Mirnyy A.Yu. Mekhanicheskie svoystva neodnorodnykh gruntov [Mechanical properties of non-uniform soil]. Stroitel’stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel’nosti : sbornik trudov 13 Mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskaoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii molodykh uchenykh, doktorantov i aspirantov [Works of the 13th International Interuniversity Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists, Doctoral and Postgraduate Students “Construction — Formation of Living Environment’’]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, pp. 790—794. (In Russian)
  13. Mkrtychev O.V., Yur’ev R.V. Raschet konstruktsiy na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya s ispol’zovaniem sintezirovannykh akselerogramm [Calculating Seismic Infl uences on the Structures with the Use of Synthesized Accelerograms]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 52—54. (In Russian)
  14. Mkrtychev O.V. Raschet elementov stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy na nadezhnost’ metodom statisticheskikh ispytaniy [Reliability Calculation of the Elements of Construction Designs by the Method of Statistical Tests]. Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Interuniversity Collection of Scientific Works]. Moscow, RGOTUPS Publ., 1999, pp. 64—67. (In Russian)
  15. Herrera I., Bielak J. Soil-Structure Interaction as a Diffraction Problem. Proceedings of the 6th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. New Delhi, India, 1977, vol. 2, pp. 1467—1472.
  16. Bielak J., Loukakis K., Hisada Y., Yoshimura C. Domain Reduction Method for Three-Dimensional Earthquake Modeling in Localized Regions, Part I: Theory. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, April 2003, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 817—824. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1785/0120010251.
  17. Yoshimura C., Bielak J., Hisada Y. and Fernandez A. Domain Reduction Method for Three-Dimensional Earthquake Modeling in Localized Regions, Part II: Verification and Applications. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. April 2003, no. 93, pp. 825—840. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1785/0120010252.
  18. Basu U. Explicit Finite Element Perfectly Matched Layer For Transient Three-Dimensional Elastic Waves. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. January 2009, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 151—176. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nme.2397.
  19. Guo Shu-xiang, Lii Zhen-zhou. Procedure for Computing the Possibility and Fuzzy Probability of Failure of Structures. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. 2003, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 338—343. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02438271.
  20. Lutes L.D. A Perspective on State-Space Stochastic Analysis. 8th ASCE Specialty Conference on Probabilistic Mechanics and Structural Reliability. Indiana, July 20—26, 2000, pp. 1—5.

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Mathematical modeling of stress-strain state of the system HPP building - soil base with account for the phased construction of the building

  • Orekhov Vyacheslav Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, chief research worker, Scientific and Technical Center “Examination, Design, Inspection”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 113-120

The interaction process of a power plant building with the soil base is studied basing on mathematical modeling of the construction process of Kambarata-2 HPP, taking into account the excavation of foundation pit, the concreting schedule of the building construction, the HPP units putting into operation and territory planning. Mathematical modeling of stress-strain state of the system “power plant - soil base” in the process of construction was performed by using the computer program “Zemlya” (the Earth), which implements the method of finite elements. Such a behavior of soil was described using elastoplastic soil model, the parameters of which were determined from the results of the triaxial tests. As shown by the results of the research, the continuous change of settlement, slope, deflection and torsion of the bottom plate and accordingly change of stressed-strained state of power plant are noted during the construction process. The installed HPP construction schedule, starting from the construction of the first block and the adjacent mounting platform, is leading to the formation of initial roll of bottom plate to the path of the mounting pad. In the process of further construction of powerhouse, up to the 29th phase of construction (out of 40), a steady increase in its subsidence (maximum values of about 4.5 cm) is noted. Filling of foundation pit hollows and territorial planning of the construction area lead to drastic situation. In this case, as a territory planning points exceeded the relief, the plastic deformation in the soil evolves, resulting in significant subsidence of the bottom plate under the first block (up to 7.4 cm). As a result, the additional subsidence of the soil of bottom plate edges lead to the large vertical movement in relation to its central part and it is bent around the X axis, resulting in a large horizontal tensile stress values of Sz (up to 2.17 MPa) in the constructive elements of the upper part of the powerhouse. At the same time, the calculations performed on the assumption of instantaneous power plant construction forecast only a uniform slope of bottom plate in the direction of the headwater and do not allow us to track the process of stress-strain state of the power plant for adequate reinforcement of its elements.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.113-120

References
  1. Gol’din A.G., Rasskazov L.N. Proektirovanie gruntovykh plotin [Design of Earth Dams]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1987, 304 p. (In Russian)
  2. Farivar A.R., Mirghasemi A.A., Mahin Roosta R. Back Analysis of Tabarak Abad Dam Behavior During Construction. Proc. of the Int. Symp. on Dams for a Changing World — 80th Annual Meet. and 24th Congr. of ICOLD. Kyoto, Japan, 2012, pp. (4) 13—18.
  3. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Lombardo V.N. Statika i dinamika gruntovykh plotin [Statics and Dynamics of Earth Dams]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1983, 255 p. (In Russian)
  4. Orekhov V.V. Ob”emnaya matematicheskaya model’ i rezul’taty raschetnykh issledovaniy napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya osnovnykh sooruzheniy Rogunskoy GES [Volume Mathematical Model and the Results of Numerical Studies of the Stress-strain State of the Main Structures of the Rogun HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 12—19. (In Russian)
  5. Vladimirov V.B., Zaretskiy Yu.K., Orekhov V.V. Matematicheskaya model’ monitoringa kamenno-zemlyanoy plotiny gidrouzla Khoabin’ [Mathematical Monitoring Model for Rock-Earth Dam of the Hoa Binh HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2003, no. 6, pp. 47—52. (In Russian)
  6. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Karabaev M.I., Tveritnev V.P. Matematicheskaya model’ monitoringa sistemy «zdanie GES — gruntovoe osnovanie» [Mathematical Monitoring Model of the System «Power Plant Building — Soil Foundation»]. Yubileynyy sbornik nauchnykh trudov Gidroproekta (1930—2000) [Jubilee Collection of the Scientific Papers of Hydroproject (1930—2000)]. No. 159, Moscow, AO «Institut Gidroproekt» Publ., 2000, pp. 692—703. (In Russian)
  7. Dolgikh A.P., Podvysotskiy A.A. Raschet prochnosti massivnykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov s ispol›zovaniem metoda ekvivalentnykh obolochek [Strength Calculation of Massive Concrete Elements Using the Method of Equivalent Shells]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 23—26. (In Russian)
  8. Volynchikov A.N., Mgalobelov Yu.B., Orekhov V.V. O seysmostoykosti osnovnykh sooruzheniy Boguchanskoy GES [On Seismic Resistance of the Main Structures of Boguchanskaya HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 22—29. (In Russian)
  9. Ghiasian M., Ahmadi M.T. Effective Model for Dynamic Vertical Joint Opening of Concrete Arch Dam. Proc. of the Int. Symp. on Dams for a Changing World — 80th Annual Meet. and 24th Congr. of ICOLD. Kyoto, Japan, 2012, pp. (4) 41—46.
  10. Mohamad T. Amadi, Tahereh Amadi. Failure Analysis of Concrete Dam under Unexpected Loading. Proc. of the Int. Symp. on Dams for a Changing World — 80th Annual Meet. and 24th Cong. of ICOLD. Kyoto, Japan, 2012, pp. (5) 127—132.
  11. Girard J.C., Demirdache M., Diel G., Babini C., Porcelli P. Earthquake Design of a Gated Spillway Using 3D Finite Element Method for the Theum Hinboun Expantion Project (THXP) in Laos. Proc. of the Int. Symp. on Dams for a Changing World — 80th Annual Meet. and 24th Cong. of ICOLD. Kyoto, Japan, 2012, pp. (6) 31—36.
  12. Dai Huichao, Tain Bin. Design Calculation of "Soft" Gasket in Penstock Intended for Replacement of the Expansion Joint in the Place of Abutment of Dam Power House. Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing, China, A.A. Balkema, 2004, pp. 273—280.
  13. Mei Mingrong, Zhou Zhengdong. Analysis of Local Stress in Gravity Dam Caused by Drilling of Hole. Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing, China, A.A. Balkema, 2004, pp. 611—617.
  14. Mirzabozorg H., Ghaemain M. Nonlinear Seismic Response of Concrete Gravity Dams Using Damage Mechanics Dam-Reservoir Interaction. Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing, China, A.A. Balkema, 2004, pp. 635—642.
  15. Zheng Dongjian, Zhong Lin. Interface Behaviour of Roller Concrete Dam. Proc. Of the 4th Int. Conf. on Dam Engineering. Nanjing, China, A.A. Balkema, 2004, pp. 1111—1117.
  16. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Vorontsov E.I., Garitselov M.Yu. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya uprugoplasticheskogo povedeniya gruntov [Experimental Studies of Elastic-plastic Behavior of Soils]. Proektirovanie i issledovanie gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy : trudy vsesoyuznogo soveshchaniya [Proceedings of the All-Union Conference “Design and Study of Hydraulic Structures”]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1980, pp. 189—192. (In Russian)
  17. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Chumichev B.D., Vorob’ev V.N. Deformiruemost’ krupnooblomochnogo grunta [Deformability of Coarse Soil]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Gidroproekta [Collection of the Scientific Papers of Hydroproject]. Moscow, 1993, no. 154, pp. 10—15. (In Russian)
  18. Zaretskiy Yu.K., Chumichev B.D., Shcherbina V.I. Prochnost’ i deformiruemost’ gornoy massy pri izmenenii vlazhnosti i usloviy nagruzheniya [Strength and Deformability of Rock Mass with Changes in Humidity and Loading Conditions]. Sbornik Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Gidroproekta [Collection of the Scientific Papers of Hydroproject]. Moscow, 1993, no. 154, pp. 16—22. (In Russian)
  19. Orekhov V.V. Kompleks vychislitel’nykh programm «Zemlya–89» [Computing Programs Complex “Earth-89”]. Issledovaniya i razrabotki po komp’yuternomu proektirovaniyu fundamentov i osnovaniy : mezhvuzovskiy sbornik [Interuniversity Collection “Research and Development in Computer-aided Design of Foundations and Bases”]. Novocherkassk, 1990, pp. 14—20. (In Russian)
  20. Zaretskiy Yu.K. Vyazkoplastichnost’ gruntov i raschety sooruzheniy [Visco-Plasticity of Soils and Calculation of Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 350 p. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Optimization of cement composites with the use of fillers from the Chechen Republic fields

  • Balatkhanova Elita Mahmudovna - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) doctoral candidate, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Erofeev Vladimir Trofimovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, dean, Department of Architecture and Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bazhenov Yuriy Mikhailovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Binders and Concrete Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 31-02, 31-03, 31-01; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mitina Elena Aleksandrovna - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Highways and Special Engineering Structures, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rodin Alexander Ivanovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Eremin Aleksey Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) head, laboratory of Physical and Chemical Analysis, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Adamtsevich Aleksey Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, head, Principal Regional Center of Collective Use of Scientific Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 656-14-66; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 121-130

The fillers together with binders take part in microstructure formation of matrix basis and contact zones of a composite. The advantage of cement matrix structure with a filler is that inner defects are localized in it - microcracks, macropores and capillary pores, as well as that their quantity, their sizes and stress concentration decrease. Structure formation of filled cement composites is based on the processes taking place in the contact of liquid and stiff phases, which means, it depends on the quantitative relation of the cement, fillers and water, and also dispersivity and physical and chemical activity of the fillers. In the article the authors offer research results of the processes of hydration and physical-mechanical properties of cement composites with fillers from the fields of the Chechen Republic. Research results of heat cement systems are presented, modified by fine fillers. Optimal composition of cement composites filled with powders of quartz, sandstone, river and a mountain limestone of different particle size composition, characterized by a high strength, are obtained.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.121-130

References
  1. Afanas’ev N.F., Tseluyko M.K. Dobavki v betony i rastvory [Additives in Concrete and Solutions]. Kiev, Budivel’nyk Publ., 1989, 128 p. (In Russian)
  2. Dvorkin L.I., Solomatov V.I., Vyrovoy V.N., Chudnovskiy S.M. Tsementnye betony s mineral’nymi napolnitelyami [Cement Concretes with Mineral Fillers]. Kiev, Budivel’nyk Publ., 1991, 136 p. (In Russian)
  3. Lazarev A.V., Kaznacheev S.V., Erofeeva I.V., Rodina N.G. Vliyanie vida napolnitelya na deformativnost’ epoksidnykh kompozitov v usloviyakh vozdeystviya model’noy bakterial’noy sredy [Infl uence of a Type of a Filler on Deformability of Epoxy Composites in the Conditions of Infl uence of Model Bacterial Environment]. Razrabotka effektivnykh aviatsionnykh, promyshlennykh, elektrotekhnicheskikh i stroitel’nykh materialov i issledovanie ikh dolgovechnosti v usloviyakh vozdeystviya razlichnykh ekspluatatsionnykh faktorov : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii 19—20 dekabrya 2013 g. [Materials of the International Scientific and Technical Conference: Development of Effective Aviation, Industrial, Electrotechnical and Construction Materials and Research of their Durability in the Conditions of the Influence of Various Operational Factors]. Saransk, Mordovia State University Publ., 2013, pp. 188—194. (In Russian)
  4. Panteleev A.S., Kolbasov V.N., Savin E.S. Karbonatnye porody — mikronapolniteli dlya tsementa [Carbonate Breeds — Microfillers for Cement]. Trudy MKhTI im. D.I. Mendeleeva [Works of D. Mendeleyev Institute of Chemical Technology of Moscow]. 1964, no. 45, pp. 19—24. (In Russian)
  5. Solomatov V.I., Takhirov M.K., Takher Shakh Md. Intensivnaya tekhnologiya betona [Intensive Technology of Concrete]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989, 284 p. (In Russian)
  6. Bazhenov Yu.M. Novomu veku — novye betony [New Concretes to the New Age]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2000, no. 2 (11), no. 10. (In Russian)
  7. Degtyareva M.M. Tekhnologiya i svoystva betona s binarnym napolnitelem «kvarts — izvestnyak» [Technology and Properties of concrete with Binary Fillers "Quartz-Limestone"]. Theses for the Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences. Moscow, 1995, 19 p. (In Russian)
  8. Erofeev V.T., Bazhenov Yu.M., Zavalishin E.V., Bogatov A.D., Astashov A.M., Korotaev S.A., Nikitin L.V. Silikatnye i polimersilikatnye kompozity karkasnoy struktury rolikovogo formirovaniya [Silicate and Polymer-Silicate Composites of the Truss Structure of Roller Formation]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 160 p. (In Russian)
  9. Krasnyy I.M. O mekhanizme povysheniya prochnosti betona pri vvedenii mikronapolnitelya On the Method of Concrete Strength Increase in Case of Microfi ller Introduction]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1987, no. 5, pp. 10—11. (In Russian)
  10. Ovcharenko F.D., Solomatov V.I., Kazanskiy V.M. O mekhanizme vliyaniya tonkomolotykh dobavok na svoystva tsementnogo kamnya [On the Infl uence Mechanism of Floured Additives on Cement Stone Properties]. Doklady AN SSSR [Reports of Academy of Sciences of the USSR]. 1985, vol. 284, no. 2, pp. 289—403. (In Russian)
  11. Solomatov V.I. Razvitie polistrukturnoy teorii kompozitsionnykh stroitel’nykh materialov [Development of the Polystructural Theory of Composite Construction Materials]. Izvetiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Institutions of Higher Education. Construction and Architecture]. 1985, no. 8, pp. 58—64. (In Russian)
  12. Basin E.V., editor. Rossiyskaya arkhitekturno-stroitel’naya entsiklopediya. T. 1. Stroyindustriya, stroitel’nye materialy, tekhnologiya i organizatsiya proizvodstva rabot. Stroitel’nye mashiny i oborudovanie [Russian architectural and construction encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Construction Industry, Construction Materials, Technology and Works Management]. Moscow, VNIINTPI Publ., 1995, vol. 1, 495 p. (In Russian)
  13. Adamtsevich A.O., Pustovgar A.P., Eremin A.V., Pashkevich S.A. Vliyanie formiata kal’tsiya na gidratatsiyu tsementa s uchetom fazovogo sostava i temperaturnogo rezhima tverdeniya [Investigation of the Effect of Calcium Formate on Hydration Process of Cement with Account for the Phase Composition and Temperature Mode of Hardening]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 59—61. (In Russian)
  14. Makridin N.I., Tarakanov O.V., Maksimova I.N., Surov I.A. Faktor vremeni v formirovanii fazovogo sostava struktury tsementnogo kamnya [Time Factor in Formation of Phase Structure of a Cement Stone]. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Regional architecture and construction]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 26—31. (In Russian)
  15. Barbara Lothenbach, Gwenn Le Saout, Mohsen Ben Haha, Renato Figi, Erich Wieland Hydration of a low-alkali CEM III/B–SiO2 cement (LAC). Cement and Concrete Research. 2012, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 410—423. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.11.008.
  16. Jansen D., Goetz-Neunhoeffer F., Lothenbach B., Neubauer J. The Early Hydration of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC): An Approach Comparing Measured Heat Flow with Calculated Heat Flow from QXRD. Cement and Concrete Research, 2012, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 134—138. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.09.001.
  17. Jeffrey W. Bullard, Hamlin M. Jennings, Richard A. Livingston, Andre Nonat, George W. Scherer, Jeffrey S. Schweitzer, Karen L. Scrivener, Jeffrey J. Thomas Mechanisms of Cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Research. December 2011, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1208—1223. DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2010.09.011.
  18. Nguyen Van Tuan, Guang Ye, Klaas van Breugel, Oguzhan Copuroglu. Hydration and Microstructure of Ultra High Performance Concrete Incorporating Rice Husk Ash. Cement and Concrete Research. 2011, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1104—1111.
  19. Pashkevich S., Pustovgar A., Adamtsevich A., Eremin A. Pore Structure Formation of Modified Cement Systems, Hardening over the Temperature Range from +22°C to –10°C. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vols. 584—585, pp. 1659—1664.
  20. Sabine M. Leisinger, Barbara Lothenbach, Gwenn Le Saout, C. Annette Johnson. Thermodynamic Modeling of Solid Solutions Between Monosulfate and Monochromate 3CaO Al2O3 Ca[(CrO4)x(SO4)1-x] nH2O. Cement and Concrete Research. 2012, vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 158—165. DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.09.005.

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Application of the coal-mining waste in building ceramics production

  • Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, scientific supervisor, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pugin Konstantin Georgievich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Production Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gayday Maksim Fedorovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) postgraduate student, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Semeynykh Natal’ya Sergeevna - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Engineering and Materials Science, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 131-140

In the process of construction ceramics production a substantial quantity of non-renewable natural resources - clays - are used. One of the ways of science development in building materials production is investigation of the possibility of regular materials production using technogenic waste. Application of coal-mining waste (technogenic raw material) in charge composition for production of ceramic products provides rational use of fuel, contributes to implementation of resource saving technologies on construction materials production enterprises. Though science development on revealing new raw material sources should be conducted with account for safety, reliability, technical, ecological and economical sides of the problem, which is especially current. The article deals with the problem of coal-mining waste usage in building ceramics production instead of fresh primary component (clay), fluxes, thinning agents and combustible additives. The interdependence between the density and shrinkage of the ceramic products and the amount and quality of coal-mining waste in its composition was established. The optimal proportion of coal-mining waste and clay in building ceramics production was estimated.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.131-140

References
  1. Shapovalov N.A., Zagorodnyuk L.Kh., Tikunova I.V., Shekina A.Yu. Ratsional’nye puti ispol’zovaniya staleplavil’nykh shlakov [Rational Ways of Steelmaking Slags Use]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Research]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 439—443. (In Russian)
  2. Zemlyanushnov D.Yu., Sokov V.N., Oreshkin D.V. Ekologo-ekonomicheskie aspekty primeneniya tonkodispersnykh otkhodov mramora v proizvodstve oblitsovochnykh keramicheskikh materialov [Environmental and Economic Aspects of Using Marble Fine Waste in the Manufacture of Facing Ceramic Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Structural Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 118—126. (In Russian)
  3. Malaiskiene J., Kizinievic V., Maciulaitis R., Semelis E. Infl uence of Assorted Waste on Building Ceramic Properties. Materials Science (Medziagotyra). 2012, no. 4, pp. 396—402.
  4. Ryazanov A.N., Vinnichenko V.I. Ekologicheskie i ekonomicheskie aspekty ispol’zovaniya uglesoderzhashchikh otkhodov pri proizvodstve stroitel’nykh materialov [Ecological and Economic Aspects of Carbonaceous Waste Use in the Production Process of Construction Materials]. Vistnik NTU «KhPI» [Proceedings of National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute]. 2012, no. 63 (939), pp. 145—152. (In Russian)
  5. Khlystov A.I., Shirokov V.A., Chernova E.A. Primenenie mineral’nykh shlamovykh otkhodov v protsessakh sintezirovaniya zhidkikh fosfatnykh svyazok [Application of Mineral Slurry Waste in Processes of Synthesizing of Liquid Phosphatic Sheaves]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Southern Ural State University. Construction and Architecture Series]. 2013, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 43—46. (In Russian)
  6. Kalinina E.V. Utilizatsiya shlamov karbonata kal’tsiya v proizvodstve tovarnykh produktov stroitel’noy otrasli [Utilization of Slimes of a Calcium Carbonate in Production of Commodity Products of Construction Branch]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Urbanistika [Proceedings of Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Urban Planning]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 97—113. (In Russian)
  7. Ramesh M., Karthic K.S., Karthikeyan T., Kumaravel A. Construction Materials from Industrial Wastes — A Review of Current Practices. International Journal of Environmental Research and Development. 2014, no. 4, pp. 317—324.
  8. Karrar R.K., Pandey R.K. Study of Management and Control of Waste Construction Materials in Civil Construction Project. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology. 2013, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 345—350.
  9. Behera M., Bhattacharyya S.K., Minocha A.K., Deoliya R., Maiti S. Recycled Aggregate from C&D Waste and its Use in Concrete — A Breakthrough towards Sustainability in Construction Sector: A Review. Construction and Building Materials. 2014, vol. 68, pp. 501—516. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.003.
  10. Brozovsky J., Fojtik T., Martinec P. Impact of Fine Aggregates Replacement by Fluidized Fly Ash to Resistance of Concretes to Aggressive Media. Construction Materials. 2006, no. 5, pp. 4—10.
  11. Pati D.J., Iki K., Homma R. Solid Waste as a Potential Construction Material for Cost-Efficient Housing in India. 3rd World Conference on Applied Sciences, Engineering & Technology. Kathmandu, 2014, pp. 240—245.
  12. Oreshkin D.V. Problemy stroitel’nogo materialovedeniya i proizvodstva stroitel’nykh materialov [Problems of Construction Materials Science and Production of Construction Materials]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 11, pp. 6—9. (In Russian)
  13. Wagner L.E., Jones M.M. The Attenuation of Chemical Elements in Acidic Leachates from Coal Mineral Wastes by Soils. Environmental Geology and Water Sciences. 1984, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 161—170. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02509910.
  14. Buravchuk N.I., Gur'yanova O.V., Okorokov E.P., Pavlova L.N. Perspektivnye napravleniya utilizatsii otkhodov dobychi i szhiganiya ugley [Perspective Directions of Recycling of Coal Mining and Combustion]. Sotrudnichestvo dlya resheniya problemy otkhodov : materialy V Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii [Materials of the 5th International Conference “Cooperation for Solving the Problem of Waste”]. Kharkiv, 2008, pp. 120—123. (In Russian)
  15. Meshchaninov F.V. Termobarogeokhimicheskie modeli transformatsii porod otvalov ugol’nykh shakht Vostochnogo Donbassa [Fluid Inclusion Models of Transformation of Waste Heaps of East Donbas Coal Pits]. Nauchnaya konferentsiya aspirantov i soiskateley : tezisy dokladov [Scientific Conference of Postgraduates and Doctoral Candidates : Report Theses]. Rostov on Don, 2001, pp. 49—51. (In Russian)
  16. Batalin B.S., Belozerova T.A., Gayday M.F., Makhover S.E. Keramicheskiy kirpich iz terrikonikov Kizelovskogo ugol’nogo basseyna [Ceramic Brick of Waste Heaps of the Kizelovsky Coal Basin]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii 21 veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  17. Knigina G.I. Stroitel’nye materialy iz gorelykh porod [Construction Materials of Burned Rocks]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1966, 207 p. (In Russian)
  18. Batalin B.S., Belozerova T.A., Gayday M.F. Stroitel’naya keramika iz terrikonikov Kizelovskogo ugol’nogo basseyna [Construction Ceramics of Waste Heaps of the Kizelovsky Coal Basin]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 8—10. (In Russian)
  19. Abdrakhimov V.Z., Vdovina E.V. Issledovanie zhelezosoderzhashchego syr’ya i ego klassifikatsiya po funktsional’noy prigodnosti v proizvodstve keramicheskikh materialov [Research of Ferriferous Raw Materials and their Classification by Functional Suitability in Production of Ceramic Materials]. Samara, SGASU Publ., 2010, 118 p. (In Russian)
  20. Lukin E.S., Andrianov N.T. Tekhnicheskiy analiz i kontrol’ proizvodstva keramiki [Technical Analysis and Control of Ceramics Production. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged.]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 271 p. (In Russian)

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Obtaining and physical mechanical properties of cement composites with the use of fillers and mixing water from the Chechen Republic fields

  • Erofeev Vladimir Trofimovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, dean, Department of Architecture and Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bazhenov Yuriy Mikhailovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Binders and Concrete Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 31-02, 31-03, 31-01; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Balatkhanova Elita Mahmudovna - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) doctoral candidate, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mitina Elena Aleksandrovna - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Highways and Special Engineering Structures, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Emel’yanov Denis Vladimirovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rodin Alexander Ivanovich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (8342) 47-40-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Karpushin Sergey Nikolaevich - Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Ogarev Mordovia State University (MGU im. Ogareva), 68 Bol’shevistskaya str., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation; +7 (987) 692-36-98; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 141-151

Improving physical mechanical and operational properties of concretes and other composite materials is one of the most important tasks in construction material science. At the present time various methods are applied for that, which includes the use of additives, composite binders, activated mixing water, etc. Composite construction materials based on cement binders with mineral additives are widelu used, because they possess improved physical mechanical and technological properties. Implementation of additives improve placeability and nonsegregation factors of concrete and mortar mixes, lead to compaction of concrete and mortars structure. The additives substantially lower heat generation of concretes, which is of great importance in concrete casting of large structures. The article presents the results of experimental studies of cement composites filled with powders of rocks and mixable with activated water from the deposits of the Chechen Republic. The soundness of cement compositions with the additives of mountain and river limestone, sandstone and quartz sand was established. The results of experimental studies on establishing the effect of fine and coarse aggregate on strength formation of cement composites activated by water mixing were presented.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.141-151

References
  1. Bazhenov Yu.M., Fedosov S.V., Erofeev V.T., Matvievskiy A.A., Mitina E.A., Emel’yanov D.V., Yudin P.V. Tsementnye kompozity na osnove magnitno- i elektrokhimicheski aktivirovannoy vody zatvoreniya [Cement Composites on the Basis of the Magnetic and Electrochemical Activated Mixing Water]. Saransk, Mordovia University Publ., 2011, 128 p. (In Russian)
  2. Bazhenov Yu.M., Fomichev V.T., Erofeev V.T., Fedosov S.V., Matvievskiy A.A., Osipov A.K., Emel’yanov D.V., Mitina E.A., Yudin P.V. Teoreticheskoe obosnovanie polucheniya betonov na osnove elektrokhimicheski- i elektromagnitnoaktivirovannoy vody zatvoreniya [Theoretical Justification of Obtaining Concretes on a Basis of Electrochemical and electromagnetically-driven Water]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seria: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Polytematic]. 2012, vol. 2 (22), p. 4. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/1_Bazhenov-Fomichev-2012_2(22).pdf/. Date of access: 15.07.2014. (In Russian)
  3. Erofeev V.T., Fomichev V.T., Emel’yanov D.V., Rodin A.I., Eremin A.V. Vliyanie aktivirovannoy vody zatvoreniya na strukturoobrazovanie tsementnykh past [Infl uence of the Activated Water on Structurization of Cement Pastes]. Vestnik Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2013, vol. 30 (49), pp. 179—183. (In Russian)
  4. Kalashnikov V.I., Erofeev V.T., Moroz M.N., Troyanov I.Yu., Volodin V.M., Suzdal’tsev O.V.Nanogidrosilikatnye tekhnologii v proizvodstve betonov [Nanohydrosilicate Technologies for Production of Concretes]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 88—91. (In Russian)
  5. Jung V.N. Osnovy tekhnologii vyazhushchikh veshchestv [Bases of the Technology of Binding Substances]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1951, pp. 509—511. (In Russian)
  6. Kaprielov S.S., Travush V.I., Karpenko N.I., Sheynfel’d A.V., Kardumyan G.S., Kiseleva Ya.A., Prigozhenko O.V. Modifi tsirovannye betony novogo pokoleniya v sooruzheniyakh MMDTs «Moskva-Siti» [Modifi ed Concretes of New Generation in the Constructions of Business Centre “Moscow City”]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2006, no. 10, pp. 13—18. (In Russian)
  7. Entin Z.B., Khomich V.Kh., Ryzhov L.K. i dr. Ekonomiya tsementa v stroitel’stve [Economy of Cement in Construction]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1985, 222 p. (In Russian)
  8. Takhirov M.K. Rol’ prirody poverkhnosti v protsessakh strukturoobrazovaniya tsementnoy kompozitsii s voloknistym napolnitelem [Role of the Surface Nature in the Processes of Structurization of Cement Composition with a Fibrous Filler]. MIIT. Trudy [Moscow State University of Railway Engineering. Works]. Vyp. 902. Novoe v stroitel'no materialovedenii : mezhvuzovskiy sbornik [No. 902. New in Construction Material Science : Interuniversity Collection]. V.I. Solomatov, editor . Moscow, MIIT Publ., 1997, pp. 48—51. (In Russian)
  9. Adamtsevich A.O., Pustovgar A.P., Eremin A.V., Pashkevich S.A. Issledovanie vliyaniya formiata kal’tsiya na protsess gidratatsii tsementa s uchetom fazovogo sostava i temperaturnogo rezhima tverdeniya [Research of the Infl uence of Calcium Formate on the Process of Cement Hydration with Account for the Phase Structure and Temperature Mode of Curing]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 59—62. (In Russian)
  10. Makridin N.I., Tarakanov O.V., Maksimova I.N., Surov I.A. Faktor vremeni v formirovanii fazovogo sostava struktury tsementnogo kamnya [Time Factor in the Formation of Phase Composition of a Cement Stone Structure]. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Regional Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 26—31. (In Russian)
  11. Zozulya P.V. Karbonatnye porody kak zapolniteli i napolniteli, v tsementakh, tsementnykh rastvorakh i betonakh [Carbonate Breeds as Aggregates and Fillers, in Cements, Cement Mortars and Concretes]. Giprotsement-nauka [Giprotsement Science]. Available at http://www.giprocement.ru/about/articles.html/p=25/. Date of access: 06.10.2009. (In Russian)
  12. Chekhov A.P., Sergeev A.M., Dibrov G.D. Spravochnik po betonam i rastvoram [Reference Book on Concretes and Solutions]. 3rd edition, revised and enlarged. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1983, pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  13. Lothenbach B., Le Saout G., Ben Haha M., Figi R., Wieland E. Hydration of a lowalkali CEM III/B–SiO2 cement (LAC). Cement and Concrete Research. 2012, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 410—423. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.11.008.
  14. Jansen D., Goetz-Neunhoeffer F., Lothenbach B., Neubauer J. The Early Hydration of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC): An Approach Comparing Measured Heat Flow with Calculated Heat Flow from QXRD. Cement and Concrete Research. 2012, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 134—138. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.09.001.
  15. Jeffrey W. Bullard, Hamlin M. Jennings, Richard A. Livingston, Andre Nonat, George W. Scherer, Jeffrey S. Schweitzer, Karen L. Scrivener, Jeffrey J. Thomas. Mechanisms of Cement Hydration. Cement and Concrete Research. 2011, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1208—1223. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2010.09.011.
  16. Nguyen Van Tuan, Guang Ye, Klaas van Breugel, Oguzhan Copuroglu. Hydration and Microstructure of Ultra High Performance Concrete Incorporating Rice Husk Ash. Cement and Concrete Research. 2011, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1104—1111.
  17. Pashkevich S., Pustovgar A., Adamtsevich A., Eremin A. Pore Structure Formation of Modified Cement Systems, Hardening over the Temperature Range from +22°C to –10°C. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vols. 584—585, pp. 1659—1664.
  18. Sabine M. Leisinger, Barbara Lothenbach, Gwenn Le Saout, C. Annette Johnson. Thermodynamic Modeling of Solid Solutions Between Monosulfate and Monochromate 3CaO—Al2O3—Ca[(CrO4)x(SO4)1-x]?nH2O. Cement and Concrete Research. 2012, vol. 42, pp. 158—165. DOI: 10.10.16/j.cemcoures.2011.09.005.
  19. Stork Yu. Teoriya sostava betonnoy smesi [Theory of Concrete Mix Composition]. Transl. from Slovakian by M.A. Smyslova. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1971, 238 p. (In Russian)
  20. Hewlett P. Lea’s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2003. 1092 p.

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Chemical composition of fragmental products fractions of rock dumps and tailing dump as basis for potential geoecological danger estimation in the areas of mining enterprises

  • Vdovina Ol’ga Konstantinovna - Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE) Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Head, Department of Ecological Expertise of Environmental Facilities and Construction Projects, Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE), 15 Veresaeva str., Moscow, 121357, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lavrusevich Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Melent’ev Geliy Borisovich - Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE) Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, chief research worker, Department of Ecological Expertise, Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE), 15 Veresaeva str., Moscow, 121357, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 167-79-31; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Evgrafova Irina Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumov Kirill Andreevich - Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE) engineering geologist, Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE), 15 Veresaeva str., Moscow, 121357, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • El’chin Danila Sergeevich - Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE) leading engineer, Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE), 15 Veresaeva str., Moscow, 121357, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Polyakova Kseniya Sergeevna - Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE) leading engineer, Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Chrystal Chemistry of Rare Elements (IMIGRE), 15 Veresaeva str., Moscow, 121357, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shubina Elena Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 152-161

Negative consequences of deposit development on the environment are well know. They manifest themselves most intensively in case of open-cut mining of ore minerals, which is related to the increase of rock dumps masses. The material of rock dumps and tailing dumps actively influence the state of the environment transforming the natural landscapes, first of all, as a reason of migration of waters changed as a result of their contact with mining waste. The authors give their estimation of the consequences of apatite-nephelinic ore crop in Khibini Ore District by the company “Apatit”, which includes the influence on the natural waters. The unique natural conditions of the area are the reason for high-level potential geoecological danger. The mobility of lots of toxic elements is raised because of ligand-ion OH in the waters of alkali rocks of Khibini soil.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.152-161

References
  1. Vdovina O.K., Naumov K.A., Stulova N.V. Geokhimicheskaya indikatsiya mineral'nykh klassov krupnosti granulometricheskogo analiza kak osnova analiza I otsenki podvizhnosti komponentov v podotval'nykh vodakh i sbrosakh gornorudnykh predpriyatiy [Geochemical Indication of Mineral Grain-Size Classes of the Grain Size Measurement as a Basis for Analysis and Components Mobility Estimation in Underspoil Waters and Mining Entersprises’ Waste]. Kompleksnoe osvoenie i pererabotka tekhnogennykh obrazovaniy s ispol'zovaniem innovatsionnykh tekhnologiy: Sbornik nauchykh statey regional’noy nauchno-praktickeskoy yubileynoy konferentsii 13—15 noyabrya 2013 g. [Complex Development and Processing of Man-made Mineral Formations Using Innovative Technologies : Collection of Scientific Papers of Regional Science and Practice Anniversary Conference, November 13—15, 2013]. Chelyabinsk, YuUrGU Publ., 2013, pp. 93—98. (In Russian)
  2. Ikorskiy S.V., Nivin V.A., Pripachkin V.A. Geokhimiya gazov endogennykh obrazovaniy [Geochemistry of Gases of Endogenous Masses]. Saint Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 1992, 179 p. (In Russian)
  3. Melent’ev G.B., Vdovina O.K., Malinina E.N., Karimova I.G., Popova A.N. Nauchno-metodicheskie aspekty ekologo-gidrokhimicheskogo izucheniya i otsenki vozdeystviya gornopromyshlennykh kompleksov na sredu obitaniya [Research and Methodology Aspects of Ecological Hydrochemical Investigation and Estimation of Mining Complex Infl uence on Living Environment]. Kompleksnoe osvoenie i pererabotka tekhnogennykh obrazovaniy s ispol'zovaniem innovatsionnykh tekhnologiy: Sbornik nauchykh statey regional’noy nauchno-praktickeskoy yubileynoy konferentsii 13—15 noyabrya 2013 g. [Complex Development and Processing of Man-made Mineral Formations Using Innovative Technologies : Collection of Scientific Papers of Regional Science and Practice Anniversary Conference, November 13—15, 2013]. Chelyabinsk, YuUrGU Publ., 2013, pp. 123—129. (In Russian)
  4. Ivanov V.V. Ekologicheskaya geokhimiya elementov : v 6 kn. Kn. 3. Redkie p-elementy [Ecological Geochemistry of Elements : in 6 Volumes. Vol. 3. Rare p-Elements]. E.K. Burenkov, editor. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1996, 352 p. (In Russian)
  5. Saet E.E., Yanin E.P., Smirnova R.S., Basharkevich I.L., Onishchenko T.L., Pavlova L.N., Trefi lova N.Ya., Achkasova A.I., Sarkisyan S.Sh. Geokhimiya okruzhayushchey sredy [Geochemistry of the Environment]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1990, 335 p. (In Russian)
  6. Vdovina O.K., Lavrusevich A.A., Vysokinskaya R.V., Evgrafova I.M., Polyakova K.S. Rol’ geokhimicheskogo fona pri otsenke investitsionnoy privlekatel’nosti rekreatsionnykh territoriy [Role of Geochemical Background at Evaluation of Investment Attractiveness of Recreational Territories]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 98—106. (In Russian)
  7. Vdovina O.K., Spiridonov I.G., Naumov K.A., Vysokinskaya R.V. Perspektivy vyyavleniya tekhnogennogo mestorozhdeniya zolota v Khibinskom rudnom rayone [Opportunities of Technogenic Deposits of Gold in Khibinski Ore District]. Resursovosproizvodyashchie, malootkhodnye i prirodookhrannye tekhnologii osvoeniya nedr: materialy XIII Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii (Moskva — Tbilisi 15—21 sentyabrya 2014 g.) [Resource-Reproducing, Low Waste and Environmental Technologies of Exploitation of Mineral Resources]. Moscow, 2014, p. 25. (In Russian)
  8. Kraynov S.R., Ryzhenko B.N., Shvets V.M. Geokhimiya podzemnykh vod. Teoreticheskie, prikladnye i ekologicheskie aspekty [Geochemistry of Underground Waters. Theoretical, Applied and Ecological Aspects]. 2nd Edition. Moscow, TsentrLitNefteGaz Publ., 2012, 672 p. (In Russian)
  9. Mazukhina S.I. Formirovanie poverkhnostnykh i podzemnykh vod Khibinskogo gornogo massiva [Formation of Surface and Underground Waters of Khibini Massif]. Apatity, KNTs RAN Publ., 2012, 174 p. (In Russian)
  10. Beckett P.J., Pappin-Willanen S., Courtin G.M. Techniques for Establishing Aquatic Vegetation in Perlimently Flooded Tailings — a Field Test. Proc. of the ISGE (GEOENV`97) Istanbul, Turkey, 1—5 sept 1997. Ed. I. Yilmazer, 1999, pp. 252—266.
  11. Ball J.W., Nordstrom D.K. User`s Manual for WATEQ4F, with Revised Thermodynamic Data Base and Test Cases for Calculating Speciation of Major, Trace and Redox Elements in Natural Waters. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report. 1991, pp. 91—183.
  12. Bninfelt A.O. Separation of Rare-earth Elements from Apatite. Separ. Sci. 1973, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 623—625.
  13. Bortnikova S.B., Airijants A.A., Androsova A.A., Hozhina E.I., Faslullin S.M. Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Vegetation of Mining Regions. Proceedings of International Symposium on Geology and Environment (GEOENV’97), Istanbul, Turkey. 1997, pð. 355—363.
  14. Forstner U., Wittmann G. Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment. 2nd revised edition. New York, Springer—Verlag, 1981, 486 p.
  15. Moore J.W., Ramamoorthy S. Heavy Metals in Natural Waters: Applied Monitoring and Impact Assessment. 1983, Springer, 1 edition, 268 p.
  16. Popov V.G., Abdrakhmanov R.F., Tugushi I.N. Obmenno-adsorbtsionnye protsessy v podzemnoy gidrosfere [Exchange-Absorption Processes in Underground Hydrosphere]. Ufa, BNTsUrO RAN Publ., 1992, 156 p. (In Russian)
  17. Moiseenko T.I., Dauval'ter V.A., Rodyushkin I.V. Mekhanizmy krugovorota prirodnykh i antropogenno privnesennykh metallov v poverkhnostnykh vodakh Arkticheskogo basseyna [Circling Mechanism of Natural and Anthropogenically Introduced Metals in Surface Waters of Arctic Basin]. Vodnye resursy [Water Resources]. 1998, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 231—244. (In Russian)
  18. Morozov N.P. K geokhimii shchelochnykh elementov v rechnom stoke [To Geochemistry of Alkaline Elements in River Flow]. Geokhimiya [Geochemistry]. 1969, no. 6, pp. 729—737. (In Russian)
  19. Vladychenskiy A.S., Telesnina V.M. Osobennosti pochv lesnogo poyasa Khibin vo vzaimosvyazi s rastitel’nost’yu na primere okrestnostey oz. Malyy Vud”yavr [Soil Features in the Khibini Greenbelt in Relation with Vegetation on the Example of Small Vud”yavr Lake Area]. Vestnik MGU. Seriya: Pochvovedenie [The Moscow University Herald. Series: Soil Sciences]. 2005, no. 3, pp. 22—30. (In Russian)

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Study of the work of laboratory-scale oxidation ditch

  • Gogina Elena Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Aquatic Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gul’shin Igor’ Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, scientific and educational center Water Supply and Water Disposal, postgraduate student, Department of Water Disposal and Aquatic Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 162-171

The social and economic development of the society to a greater or lesser degree touches upon ecological questions, which include water supply conservation. Waste water treatment plays a very important role. Over the recent years in developed countries the phenomenon of suburbanization has appeared. It means growth and development of the suburban area of the biggest cities. In relation with it, it seems perspective to investigate the technologies aimed at wastewater treatment coming from small settlements. The paper considers the prospects of the use of oxidation ditches as the main biological WWTP-structures for small towns in the Moscow region. In order to study the conditions to achieve high efficiency of nitrogen removal and to investigate the rule of simultaneous nitrification and denitrification removal (SND), the laboratory-scale oxidation ditch model was made in the Laboratory of Biological methods of Wastewater Treatment of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering. The experiment lasted for 6 months and showed good results, which can be used for further studies. The Michaelis - Menten formulas for enzyme kinetics of the studied biological system were obtained.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.162-171

References
  1. Li Lei, Jinren Ni. Three Dimensional Three-Phase Model for Simulation of Hydrodynamics, Oxygen Mass Transfer, Carbon Oxidation, Nitrification and Denitrification in an Oxidation Ditch. Water Research. 2014, no. 53, pp. 200—214. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2014.01.021.
  2. Gillot S., Heduit A. Effect of Air Flow Rate on Oxygen Transfer in an Oxidation Ditch Equipped with Fine Bubble Diffusers and Slow Speed Mixers. Water Research. 2000, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1756—1762. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00323-1.
  3. Insel G., Artan N., Orhon D. Effect of Aeration on Nutrient Removal Performance of Oxidation Ditch Systems. Environmental Engineering Science. 2005, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 802—815. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ees.2005.22.802.
  4. Lesage N., Sperandio M., Lafforgue C., Cockx A. Calibration and Application of a 1-D Model for Oxidation Ditches. Trans IChemE. 2003, vol. 81, part A, pp. 1259—1264. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1205/026387603770866470.
  5. Liu Y.L., Wei W.L., Lv B., Yang X.F. Research on Optimal Radius Ratio of Impellers in an Oxidation Ditch by Using Numerical Simulation. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2014, vol. 52, no. 13—15, pp. 2811—2816. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.883045.
  6. Mantziaras D., Katsiri A. Reaction Rate Constants and Mean Population Percentage for Nitrifi ers in an Alternating Oxidation Ditch System. Bioprocess Biosyst. Eng. 2010, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 57—65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-010-0446-2.
  7. Mantziaras D., Stamou A., Katsiri A. Effect of Operational Cycle Time Length on Nitro-Gen Removal in an Alternating Oxidation Ditch System. Bioprocess Biosyst. Eng. 2010, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 597—606.
  8. Ogilvie J.R., Phillips P. Modelling Process Variations in an Oxidation Ditch. Canadian Agricultural Engineering. 1972, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 59—62.
  9. Rittmann B.E., Langeland W.E. Simultaneous Denitrification with Nitrification in Single-Channel Oxidation Ditches. Water Pollution Control Federation. 1985, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 300—308.
  10. Daijun Zhang, Lisha Guo, Danyu Xu, Yuan Chen. Simulation of Component Distributions in a Full-Scale Carrousel Oxidation Ditch: A Model Coupling Sludge-Wastewater Two-Phase Turbulent Hydrodynamics with Bioreaction Kinetics. Environmental Engineering Science. 2010, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 159—169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ees.2009.0154.
  11. Henze M., Harremoes P., Cour Jansen, J. la, Arvin, E. Wastewater Treatment. 3rd ed. 2002, X, 422 p.
  12. Yang M., Sun P., Wang R., Han J., Wang J., Song Y., Cai J., Tang X. Simulation and Optimization of Ammonia Removal at Low Temperature For a Double Channel Oxidation Ditch Based on Fully Coupled Activated Sludge Model (FCASM): A Full-Scale Study. Bioresource Technology. 2013, vol. 143, pp. 538—548. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.06.029.
  13. Peng Y., Hou H., Wang S., Cui Y., Zhiguo Y. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal in Pilot-Scale Anaerobic-Anoxic Oxidation Ditch System. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2008, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 398—403.
  14. Shibin Xia, Junxin Liu. An Innovative Integrated Oxidation Ditch with Vertical Circle for Domestic Wastewater Treatment. Process Biochemistry. 2004, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1111—1117. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(03)00216-4.
  15. Yanchen Liu, Hanchang Shi, Zhiqiang Wang, Long Fan, Huiming Shi. Approach to Enhancing Nitrogen Removal Performance With Fluctuation Of Infl uent In An Oxidation Ditch System. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2013, vol. 219, pp. 520—526. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.09.085.
  16. Schmid M., Thillb A., Purkholda U., Walchera M., Botterob J.Y., Ginestetc P., Nielsend P.H., Wuertze S., Wagnera M. Characterization of Activated Sludge Flocs By Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy And Image Analysis. Water Research. 2003, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 2043—2052. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00616-4.
  17. Liu B., Lin H., Yu G., Zhang S., Zhao C. Fate of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen During Biological Nutrient Removal Wastewater Treatment Processes. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2013, vol. 34, pp. 325—330.
  18. Stamou A., Katsiri A., Mantziaras I., Boshnakov K., Koumanova B., Stoyanov S. Modelling of an Alternating Oxidation Ditch System. Water Science Technology. 1999, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 169—176. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0273-1223(99)00075-X.
  19. Amand L., Carlsson B. Optimal Aeration Control in a Nitrifying Activated Sludge Process. Water Research. 2012, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 2101—2110. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.01.023.
  20. Yakovlev S.V., Karyukhina T.A. Biokhimicheskie protsessy v ochistke stochnykh vod [Biochemical Processes in Wastewater Treatment]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 200 p. (In Russian)

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Environmental assessment of a city on the model of energy-ecological efficiency

  • Kuzovkina Tat’yana Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction of the Objects of Thermal and Nuclear Power, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 781-80-07; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 172-181

This article gives an overview of the analytical methodology for assessing the environmental safety in construction, the existing government programs in energy saving, and the analysis of the actual state of the investigated problem, proposed a method of assessment of environmental safety efficiency criteria of a city. The analysis is based on the data on housing and communal services of the City of Moscow. As a result of the consideration of the government programs and methods of assessing the environmental security in construction the conclusion was made that none of the programs reviewed and non of the methods include consideration of the relationship between environmental parameters of environmental security and energy efficiency (indicators of them are considered separately from each other). In order to determine the actual state of environmental safety analytical review was performed of energy efficiency programs of the government in Moscow and the methods of assessing the environmental safety of a construction. After considering a methodology for assessing the environmental safety of a construction, the author proposes to use the model for determining the indicator of efficiency of the city to ensure the environmental safety of the processes of life-support of the city, which takes into account the dependence of the parameters of environmental safety and energy efficiency. The author describes the criteria for selecting thr data on energy and environmental efficiency of the city. The article shows the sequence to identify the criteria for determining the indicator of efficiency of the city. In the article the author presents the results of ecological assessment of Moscow on the energy-ecological efficiency model, using the model defined performance indicators of the city to ensure environmental safety processes of life support of the city. The model takes into account the dependence of environmental safety parameters, environmental and energy efficiency. The correlation analysis of the effectiveness of the city of Moscow, the graphs for the regression assessment models of the data are described. The coefficient of efficiency indicators correlation of city support and the coefficient of life safety in the city are calculated. Performance indicator for Moscow in 2009-2012 is defined, which reflects the dependence of the processes of life support and life sustenance of the city. The proposed approach to the assessment of environmental safety may be used in the development of governmental programs on energy saving, as well as in the preparation of regulatory documents.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.172-181

References
  1. Korolevskiy K.Yu., Slesarev M.Yu. Sozdanie i perspektivy razvitiya kafedry MGSU «Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie» [Formation and prospects of development of the Department of Civil Engineering Technical Regulation]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 55—57. (In Russian)
  2. Negrebov A.I., Slesarev M.Yu., Telichenko V.I. Upravlenie proektami rekonstruktsii ob”ektov stroitel’stva po ekologicheskim trebovaniyam [Management of Reconstruction Projects of Construction Objects Accoeding to Ecological Requirements]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Mechanization of Construction]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 10—12. (In Russian)
  3. Energosberezhenie v gorode Moskve : Gosudarstvennaya programma goroda Moskvy na 2012—2016 gg. i na perspektivu do 2020 g. [Energy Saving in Moscow : State Program of Moscow City in 2012—2016 and Up to 2020]. Vestnik Mera i Pravitel’stva Moskvy [Proceedings of Moscow Major and Government]. 2011, no. 57, pp. 6—133. (In Russian)
  4. Prikaz Minenergo Rossii ot 30 iyunya 2014 g. ¹ 399 «Ob utverzhdenii metodiki rascheta znacheniy tselevykh pokazateley v oblasti energosberezheniya i povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti, v tom chisle v sopostavimykh usloviyakh» [Order Russian ministry of Energy from 30.06.2014 no. 399 “Approving the Methods of Calculating the Targets Values in the Field of Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency, Including in Comparable Conditions]. LEKS-Konsalting. Available at: http://www.g-k-h.ru/upload/prikaz399.rtf. Date of access: 01.03.2013. (In Russian)
  5. Podprogramma energosberezheniya i povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti Departamenta zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo khozyaystva i blagoustroystva goroda Moskvy [Sub-Programme on Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Increase of the Department of Housing and Communal Services and Public Works of the City of Moscow]. Vestnik Mera i Pravitel’stva Moskvy [Proceedings of Moscow Major and Government]. 2008, no. 63, pp. 108—200. (In Russian)
  6. Polozhenie po provedeniyu energeticheskikh obsledovaniy organizatsiy RAO «EES Rossii» RD 153-34.9.09.162-00 [Regulations for Conducting Energy Investigations of Organizations of RAO “UES of Russia” RD 153-34.9.09.162-00]. Moscow, RAO «EES Rossii» Publ., 2000, 28 p. (In Russian)
  7. Fedorov M.P., Bocharov Yu.N., Porshnev G.P., Schislyaev S.M., Matveev I.A., Skvortsova I.V., Petkova A.P., Malinovskiy D.N., Dzektser N.N.N., Shkola A.V., Mityakov A.V. Patent 2439625 RF, MPK G01W. Sposob kompleksnogo energoekologicheskogo obsledovaniya energeticheskikh i promyshlennykh ob”ektov. ¹ 2010102375/28, Zayavl. 25.01.2010, opubl. 10.01.2012. Byul. ¹ 1 [Patent 2439625 RF, MPK G01W. Method of integrated energy-ecological survey of power and industrial facilities. No. 2010102375/28, appl. 25.01.2010, publ. 10.01.2012. Bulletin no. 1]. Patent Holder FGBOU VPO «SPbGPU», 16 p. (In Russian)
  8. BREEAM International New Construction Technical Manual: SD5075 Version: 2013.03/03/2014. Available at: http://www.breeam.org/page.jsp?id=109. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  9. Foundations of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, Environmental Rating System, A Tool for Market Transformation. U.S. Green Building Council. 2006, August. Available at: http://www.usgbc.org/Docs/Archive/General/Docs2039.pdf/. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  10. Kukadia V., Upton S., Hall D. Control of Dust from Construction and Demolition Activities. RE Press, 2003. Available at: http://products.ihs.com/cis/Doc.aspx?AuthCode=&DocNum=262929. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  11. Kukadia V., Upton S., Grimwood C. Controlling Particles, Vapour and Noise Pollution from Construction Sites — Set of Five Pollution Control Guides. BRE Press, 2003. Available at: http://www.brebookshop.com/details.jsp?id=144548. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  12. Guidelines on Energy Efficiency of Lift & Escalator Installations. EMSD, 2007. Available at: http://www.emsd.gov.hk/emsd/e_download/pee/Guidelines_on_Energy_Efficiency_of_LiftnEsc_Installations_2007.pdf. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  13. Nipkow J., Schalcher M. Energy Consumption and Efficiency Potentials of Lifts. Swiss Agency For Efficient Energy Use S.A.F.E. Available at: http://www.arena-energie.ch/d/_data/EEDAL-ID131_Lifts_Nipkow.pdf. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  14. Zaytseva T.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ ob”ektov zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo khozyaystva. Uchet vliyaniya meropriyatiy po energosberezheniyu i energoeffektivnosti [Environmental Safety of the Objects of Housing and Communal Services. Accounting for the Effects of Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Measures]. Stroitel’stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel’nosti : sbornik dokladov XVI Mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh (24—26 aprelya 2013 g., Moskva). Minobrnauki RF, MGSU [Construction — Forming Living Environment: Book of Reports Of The Sixteenth International Interuniversity Scientific And Practical Conference Of Students, Master And Postgraduate Students And Young Scientists (April, 24—26, 2013)]. Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, MGSU]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2013, no. 3 (6), pp. 596—601. (In Russian)
  15. Zaytseva T.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ prirodno-tekhnicheskikh sistem, formiruemykh ob”ektami promyshlennogo, grazhdanskogo i gorodskogo stroitel’stva stroitel’stva [Environmental Security of Natural-Technical Systems Formed by Industrial, Civil and Urban Construction Objects]. Nauchnyy potentsial regionov na sluzhbu modernizatsii : mezhvuzovskiy sbornik nauchnykh statey [Scientific Potential of the Regions on Service of Modernization: Interuniversity Collection of Scientific Articles]. Astrakhan’, GAOU AO VPO «AISI» Publ., 2013, vol. 1, pp. 39—42. (In Russian)
  16. Zaytseva T.V. Rol’ energosberezheniya i energoeffektivnosti v zhilishchno-kommunal’nom khozyaystve goroda Moskvy [Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Role in Housing and Communal Services of the City of Moscow]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroitel’noy nauke i obrazovanii : sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Construction Science and Education: Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2013, pp. 351—353. (In Russian)
  17. Doklad rukovoditelya Departamenta prirodopol’zovaniya i okhrany okruzhayushchey sredy Moskvy A.O. Kul’bachevskogo na Kollegii Departamenta, posvyashchennoy itogam raboty v 2012 godu i planam na 2013 god [Report of the Head of the Department of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Protection of Moscow A.O. Kul’bachevskiy on the Department Board Dedicated to the Results of the Work in 2012 and Plans for 2013]. Available at: http://www.dpioos.ru/eco/ru/report_result/o_8635. Date of access: 01.03.2013. (In Russian)
  18. Doklad o sostoyanii okruzhayushchey sredy v gorode Moskve v 2011 godu [Report on the State of the Environment in the City of Moscow in 2011]. Available at: http://www.dpioos.ru/eco/ru/report_result/o_3992. Date of access: 01.11.2012. (In Russian)
  19. Doklad rukovoditelya Departamenta prirodopol’zovaniya i okhrany okruzhayushchey sredy goroda Moskvy A.O. Kul’bachevskogo «Ob osnovnykh napravleniyakh, rezul’tatakh deyatel’nosti Departamenta prirodopol’zovaniya i okhrany okruzhayushchey sredy goroda Moskvy v 2011 godu i zadachakh na 2012 god» [Report of the Head of the Department of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Protection of Moscow A.O. Kul’bachevskiy “On the Main Directions, Results of the work of the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the City of Moscow in 2011 and tasks for 2013”]. Available at: http://www.dpioos.ru/eco/ru/report_result/o_4156. Date of access: 01.11.2012. (In Russian)
  20. Gosudarstvennaya programma goroda Moskvy «Energosberezhenie v gorode Moskve» na 2011, 2012—2016 gg.» [The State Program of Moscow “Energy Efficiency in Moscow in 2011, 2012—2016”]. Available at: http://dgkh.mos.ru/the-state-program/realizationof-the-state-programs/moscow-state-program-energosberezhanie-in-the-city-of-moscow-onthe-2011-2012-2016.php?. Date of access: 01.03.2013. (In Russian)
  21. Gosudarstvennaya programma Rossiyskoy Federatsii «Energoeffektivnost’ i razvitie energetiki» [The State Program of the Russian Federation “Energy Efficiency and Energy Development”]. Vestnik Mera i Pravitel’stva Moskvy [Proceedings of Moscow Major and Government]. 2014, no. 23, 160 p. (In Russian)

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Operations improvement of the recycling water-cooling systems of sugar mills

  • Shcherbakov Vladimir Ivanovich - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulics, Water Supply and Water Disposal, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VGASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Polivanova Tat’yana Vladimirovna - Southwest State University (SWSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Acting Head, Department of Water Supply and Water Conservation, Southwest State University (SWSU), 94 50 let Oktyabrya str., Kursk, 305040, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Buromskiy Vladimir Vasil’evich - AOOT Ryl’sksakhar Candidate of Technical Sciences, Head, AOOT Ryl’sksakhar, pos. im. Kuybysheva, Yapoven’, 307330, Kurskaya oblast’, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 182-192

Water management in sugar factories doesn’t have analogues in its complexity among food industry enterprises. Water intensity of sugar production is very high. Circulation water, condensed water, pulp press water and others are used in technological processes. Water plays the main role in physical, chemical, thermotechnical processes of beet processing and sugar production. As a consequence of accession of Russia to the WTO the technical requirements for production processes are changing. The enforcements of ecological services to balance scheme of water consumption and water disposal increased. The reduction of fresh water expenditure is one of the main tasks in economy of sugar industry. The substantial role in fresh water expenditure is played by efficiency of cooling and aeration processes of conditionally clean waters of the 1st category. The article contains an observation of the technologies of the available solutions and recommendations for improving and upgrading the existing recycling water-cooling systems of sugar mills. The authors present the block diagram of the water sector of a sugar mill and a method of calculating the optimal constructive and technological parameters of cooling devices. Water cooling towers enhanced design and upgrades are offered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.182-192

References
  1. Sorokin A.I. Oborotnoe vodosnabzhenie sakharnykh zavodov: prilozhenie k zhurnalu «Sakharnaya svekla: proizvodstvo i pererabotka».[Water Recycling of Sugar Mills : Supplement to the Journal “Sugar Beet: Production and Processing]. Moscow, Agropromizdat Publ., 1989, 176 p. (In Russian)
  2. Spichak V.V., Bazlov V.N., Anan’eva P.A., Polivanova T.V. Vodnoe khozyaystvo sakharnykh zavodov [Water Management of Sugar Factories]. Kursk, GNU RNIISP Rossel’khozakademii Publ., 2005, 167 p. (In Russian)
  3. Spichak V.V., Puzanova L.N., Ryzhkova E.P. Aktual’nye voprosy ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti sakharnogo proizvodstva [Current Questions of Ecological Safety of Sugar Production]. Sakhar [Sugar]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 47—50. (In Russian)
  4. Bugaenko I.F. Analiz proizvodstvennykh i stochnykh vod sakharnogo proizvodstva [Industrial and Waste Water Analysis in Sugar Production]. Moscow, Teler Publ., 2000, 63 p. (In Russian)
  5. Polivanova T.V. Povyshenie nadezhnosti raboty sistem vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya sakharnykh zavodov [Improving the Reliability of Water Supply and Sanitation of Sugar Mills]. Kursk, YuZGU Publ., 2012, 144 p.
  6. Zartsyna S.S., Kharitonova L.A., Kalinkina S.P. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii ochistki stochnykh vod pishchevykh predpriyatiy [Improving the Technology of Wastewater Treatment of Food Industry Enterprises]. Voda i ekologiya [Water and Ecology]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 48—52. (In Russian)
  7. Ovchinnikov A.A. i dr. Organizatsiya zamknutogo oborotnogo potrebleniya pri pererabotke sakharnoy svekly [Organization of Closed Recycle Consumption in the Process of Sugar Beet Processing]. Khranenie i pererabotka sel’khozsyr’ya [Storage and Processing of Agri Supplies]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 47—49. (In Russian)
  8. Zueva S.B., Zartsyna S.S., Shcherbakov V.I. Ekozashchitnye tekhnologii sistem vodootvedeniya predpriyatiy pishchevoy promyshlennosti [Environmentally Safe Technologies of Sewerage Systems in the Food Industry]. Saint Petersburg, Prospekt nauki Publ., 2012, 328 p. (In Russian)
  9. Shcherbakov V.I., Drozdov E.V., Pomogaeva V.V. Teoreticheskoe opredelenie ezhektiruyushchey sposobnosti struynykh aeratorov pri istechenii zhidkosti iz kol’tsevogo nasadka [Theoretical Determination of the Ejecting Ability of Jet Aerators at Fluid Discharge from the Annular Nozzle]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. [Proceedings of the Voronezh State Technical University]. 2007, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 186—188. (In Russian)
  10. Bikchentaev R.M., Tsyrkin L.I., Bikchentaev R.M., Suponitskiy E.S. Patent 2178134 RU, MPK F28F25/08, F28Ñ1/00. Vodoulovitel' gradirni. ¹ 2001110438/06 ; zayavl. 19.04.2001 ; opubl. 10.01.2002. Byul. ¹ 14. [Russian Patent 2178134, MPK F28F25/08, F28Ñ1/00. Cooling Tower Water Catcher. No. 2001110438/06 ; appl. 19.04.2001 ; publ. 10.01.2002. Bull. no. 14.]. (In Russian)
  11. Chaplygin A.V. Kobelev N.S., Morozov V.A. Patent 2156422 RU, MPK F28C1/00, F28F25/00. Ventilyatornaya gradirnya. ¹ 99103941/06 ; zayavl. 23.02.1999 ; opubl. 20.09.2000. Byul. ¹ 9 [Russian Patent 2156422, MPK F28C1/00, F28F25/00. Mechanical Cooling Tower. No. 99103941/06 ; appl. 23.02.1999 ; publ. 20.09.2000. Bull. ¹ 9.]. Byulleten' izobreteniy [Bulletin of Inventions]. Patent holder: Southwest State University. 1997. (In Russian)

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

The system of account and control of logistics costs

  • Khayrullin Rustam Zinnatullovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, senior scientific worker, Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 193-201

The process of organization of civil engineering provides the delivery of construction materials, equipment to the civil engineering objects in the required quantities at the specified time. Effective tool for solving this problem is logistics. The basic components of logistics costs, which occupy the largest share in the sum of all logistics costs, are transportation costs and storage costs. The civil engineering industry is very promising for the use of outsourcing. The main part of works on providing material and technical resources in most cases is transferred to the outsourcing of other companies, including the group of companies forming the holding. In large holding companies the chain of movement of materials, goods and productions: purchase of materials and goods, completion materials, production structures, storage, movement, transportation, etc. may include several companies belonging in holding. The goods can be moved from one warehouse to another, with or without change of the owner of goods. Each company is obliged to show each movement of goods in their financial accounting. During the goods’ movement within a group of companies from one storage to another, from one owner to another, the total costs of the goods rise. Sales within a group of companies lead, as a rule, to a gain by one of the companies and the logistic expenses of another company. Selling to a consumer provides a profit to the seller company. Therefore, the problem of adequate allocation of logistics expenses and profits between separate legal entity and the task of continuous accounting and control of logistics costs and earnings in large companies, is vital. The automated system for accounting and controlling of logistics costs is suggested. The developed system allows controlling logistics costs of refining, storage and transportation for each ton, pieces, linear or square meters of the shipped cargoes. The System is based on complex algorithms of distribution of the total cost to costs of objects. Some results of approbation of the System in a large metal trading company are given. The System for the generation of financial and logistic reports on flow of materials, goods and production is suggested. The System provides the greatest efficiency in case of implementation in large holding companies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.193-201

References
  1. Ivakin E.K. Logistika kapital’nogo stroitel’stva v regione [Logistics of Major Construction in Regions]. Rostov-on-Don, RGSU Publ., 1997, 210 p. (In Russian)
  2. Kiselev B. Tsentralizovannoe snabzhenie — nachalo tsivilizovannogo rynka [Central Supply — the Beginning of the Civilized Market ]. Stroyka [Construction Site]. 2000, no. 8, pp. 163—164. (In Russian)
  3. Zhavoronkov E.P. Effektivnost’ logistiki v stroitel’stve: protsessy, sistemy, upravlenie [Efficiency of Logistics in civil engineering: Processes, Systems, Management]. Moscow, KIA tsentr Publ., 2002, 136 p. (In Russian)
  4. Zelentsov L.B., Shilov Yu.V. Logisticheskoe modelirovanie predprinimatel’skoy deyatel’nosti v sfere kapital’nogo stroitel’stva [Logistics Modeling of Business Activity in Major Construction]. Rynok i stroitel’stvo : Uchenye zapiski instituta ekonomiki i upravleniya [Market and Civil Engineering : Scientific Notes of the Institute of Economics and Management]. Issue 1. Rostov-on-Don, RGSU Publ., 1997, p. 34. (In Russian)
  5. Sergeev V.I. Logistika v biznese [Logistics in Business]. Moscow, Infra-M Publ., 2007, 608 p. (In Russian)
  6. Bowersox D.J., Closs D.J. Logistical Management: the Integrated Supply Chain Process. The McGraw-Hill Companies, inc., New York, 1996.
  7. Coyle J.J., Bardi E.J., Langlev C.J. The Management of Business Logistics. 5th ed. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1992.
  8. Khayrullin R.Z. Sistema operativnogo upravleniya skladskoy logistikoy metallotorguyushchikh kompaniy [Operational Management System for Warehouse Logistics of Metal Trafing Copmanies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 172—178. (In Russian)
  9. Smirnov M.I., Khayrullin R.Z. Sistema upravleniya dostavkoy tovarov s ispol’zovaniem promezhutochnykh skladov [System of Goods Delivering Management Using Intermediate Warehouses]. Izvestiya RAN. Teoriya i sistemy upravleniya [News of Russian Academy of Sciences, Theory and Control Systems]. 2002, no. 5, pp. 146—152. (In Russian)
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  11. Trapulenis R. Sistema SOLVO.WMS [The System SOLVO.WMS]. Uslugi i tseny [Prices and services]. 2008, no. 18, pp. 40—42. (In Russian)
  12. Prokof’eva T., Pokaraeva N. Logisticheskiy autsorsing i osnovnye napravleniya razvitiya kompleksnogo logisticheskogo biznesa v Rossii [Logistic Outsourcing and Main Directions of the Development of Complex Logistics Business in Russia ]. RISK (Resursy, Informatsiya, Snabzhenie, Konkurentsiya) [RISK (Resources, Information, Supply, Competition)]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 22—28. (In Russian)
  13. Khayrullin R.Z., Butakov V.A. Sistema formirovaniya oborotno-sal’dovykh otchetov po dvizheniyu materialov, tovarov i gotovoy produktsii [The System of Generation of the Financial Debit and Credit Balance Report on the Flow of Materials, Goods and Production]. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’ [Mining Information and Analytical Bulletin]. 2009, no. 8, pp. 163—166. (In Russian)
  14. Shol’ E., Shumaev V. Informatsionnoe obespechenie logisticheskikh tekhnologiy tehnologij [Information Support of Logistic Technologies]. RISK (Resursy, Informatsiya, Snabzhenie, Konkurentsiya) [RISK (Resources, Information, Supply, Competition)]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 12—18. (In Russian)
  15. Kharitonova N.A., Kharitonova E.N., Sarana E.Yu. K voprosu o formirovanii kompleksnoy sistemy sbytovogo logisticheskogo kontrollinga na promyshlennom predpriyatii [On the Question of a Complex System Formation for Distribution Logistics Controlling in an Industrial Company]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti SPbGPU. Ekonomicheskie nauki [St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University Journal. Economics]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 188—192. (In Russian)
  16. Oleynik P.P. Osnovnye standarty korporativnykh informatsionnykh sistem: MPS, MRP, MRP II, ERP, CSRP, ERP II [Basic Standards of Corporate Information Systems MPS, MRP, MRP II, ERP, CSRP, ERP II]. Moscow, LAMBERT Publ., 2011, 88 p. (In Russian)

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