Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2015/2

Vestnik MGSU 2015/2

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2

Articles count - 17

Pages - 195

Masters and specialist program for scientific staff education

  • Senin Nikolay Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director of the Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

The fact of the lack of wood in the formation of muslim architecture style

  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-83-47; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Elmanova Elena Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Elena Leonidovnapostgraduate student, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-20

The article includes an analysis of the influence of the natural conditions of the region on the structural and stylistic features of Arab architecture. National architecture depends on the features of natural-climatic conditions of the region: geographical location (the climate, terrain, building materials), seismic activity, geological structure. The Muslim architecture was influenced by: high seismic activity; the lack of wood; dry and hot climate; high temperature drops in the daytime and at night. These are the peculiarities of Asia. The Arab countries are located in several climatic zones: in subtropical, the Northern tropical and subequatorial zones. The climate here is hot and arid. Forests grow only on some slopes. A significant part of Africa and Arabia is situated in the area of the desert. In Syria forests are found only on the Eastern slopes of the mountains. There are stunted coniferous and deciduous trees. These trees are thin, low and unsuitable for construction purposes. In Iran forests grow on the Northern slopes of the Mount Elbrus, at the altitudes of up to 2500 m, and on the coast of the Caspian Sea. The Central Iranian plateau has almost no vegetation. There is very little rainfall (100...250 mm per year). The air cools down quickly at night. There are also large diurnal and seasonal temperature changes. Rock formation is weathered therefore the sandy-clay deposits are formed. They are suitable for making bricks. The clay in the form of bricks was used as a building material. The unfired adobe was used too. It worked rather well in dry climatic conditions. The widespread use of the adobe influenced the color of the buildings - they were the color of soil. The wood as a construction material was scarce, so in large spans domes were built. Vaults and arches were built without the use of scaffolding and cradling. This influenced their shape. Wood is only used for architectural elements of palaces (rare wooden tall columns, ceilings and window grates made of wooden elements) and for construction of ceiling of traditional houses. Thin and uneven beams were unsuitable for the interior of the palaces.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.7-20

References
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  2. Guggenheim M. The Laws of Foreign Buildings: Flat Roofs and Minarets. Social and Legal Studies. Department of Anthropology, University of Zürich, Switzerland, December 2010, vol. 19, issue 4, pp. 441—460.
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  4. Karimi Z.R. Spaces of Worship in Islam in the West. Interiors: Design, Architecture, Culture. Architecture Department, Southern Polytechnic State University, Atlanta, GA, United States, 2010, vol. 1, issue 3, pp. 265—279. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2752/204191210X12875837764174.
  5. Al-Lahham A. Traditionalism or Traditionalieism: Authentication or Fabrication? Archnet-IJAR. College of Design, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. 2014, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 64—73.
  6. Alhazim M., Littlewood J., Canavan K., Carey P. Design Philosophy of the Traditional Kuwaiti House. AEI 2013: Building Solutions for Architectural Engineering — Proceedings of the 2013 Architectural Engineering National Conference. State College, PA; United States; Code 100669, 2013, pp. 1018—1029. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784412909.099.
  7. Tariq S.H., Jinia M.A. The Contextual Issues in the Islamic Architecture of Bengal Mosques. Global Journal Al-Thaqafah. 2013, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 41—48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7187/GJAT322013.03.01.
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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Development of a computer-aided design system for optimization of steel trusses

  • Vasil’kin Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor Department of Metal Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-37-65; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shcherbina Sergey Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanical Equipment, Machine Elements and Metal Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 21-37

The optimization of the construction solutions for building structures is obviously reasonable because in case of making optimal solutions the cost of construction and further operation can be essentially cut. Relatively small changes in construction solutions may lead to essential changes on the stage of construction and operation. According to the traditional approach a designer usually develops a limited number of variants, consideration of which doesn’t guarantee the closeness of the final result to optimum. That means, the problem of the development of new and optimization of the existing optimization methods for design solutions remains current. The article is devoted to the current problems of choosing the optimal design solution for steel structures of industrial buildings. The authors offered an algorithm for computer-aided design and obtained a design solution on the example of a truss implemented in PC ANSYS. As optimization variables the truss height, steel grade and element section type are considered. The algorithm allows determining the value of the minimum truss weight for trusses of various classes and types of section. Also the corresponding optimum truss height is estimated, which gives a minimum design weight for different types of sections.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.21-37

References
  1. Likhtarnikov Ya.M. Variantnoe proektirovanie i optimizatsiya stal’nykh konstruktsiy [Trial Design and Optimization of Steel Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1979, 319 p. (In Russian)
  2. Dzyuba A.S., Lipin E.K. Optimal’noe proektirovanie silovykh konstruktsiy minimal’nogo ob”ema pri ogranicheniyakh po prochnosti i ustoychivosti [Optimal Design of Load-Bearing Structures at the Minimum Amount of Restrictions for Strength and Stability]. Uchenye zapiski TsAGI [Scientific Notes of Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute]. 1980, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 58—71. (In Russian)
  3. Ginzburg A.V., Vasil’kin A.A. Postanovka zadachi optimal’nogo proektirovaniya stal’nykh konstruktsiy [Problem Statement for Optimal Design of Steel Structures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 52—62. (In Russian)
  4. Volkov A.A., Vasil’kin A.A. Razvitie metodologii poiska proektnogo resheniya pri proektirovanii stroitel’nykh metallokonstruktsiy [Development of the Methodology of the Design Decision Searching in the Process of Structural Metalwork Design]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 9, pp. 123—137. (In Russian)
  5. Struchenkov V.I. Matematicheskie modeli i metody optimizatsii v sistemakh proektirovaniya trass novykh zheleznykh dorog [Mathematical Models and Optimization Techniques in Design Systems of New Railways Tracks]. Informatsionnye tekhnologii [Information Technologies]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 7—17. (In Russian)
  6. Mel’nikov N.P., editor. Metallicheskie konstruktsii. Spravochnik proektirovshchika [Metal Structures. Designer’s Guide]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 776 p. (In Russian)
  7. Gusakov A.A., editor. Sistemotekhnika [Systems Engineering]. Moscow, Fond «Novoe tysyacheletie» Publ., 2002, 768 p. (In Russian)
  8. Perel'muter A.V., Kriksunov E.Z., Karpilovskiy V.S., Malyarenko A.A. Integrirovannaya sistema dlya rascheta i proektirovaniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy SCAD OFFICE. Novaya versiya, novye vozmozhnosti [Integrated System for Calculation and Design of Load-Bearing Structures of Buildings and Structures SCAD OFFICE. New Version, New Features]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 10—12. (In Russian)
  9. Volkov A.A., Belyaev A.V., Davydov E.A., Yudin S.V. Nekotorye zadachi avtomatizatsii proektirovaniya v stroitel’stve [Some Problems of Design Automation in Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 256—261. (In Russian)
  10. Shelofast V.V., Kulikov V.G., Al’ Khammadi, Yakovlev A.S. Avtomatizirovannoe proektirovanie zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Computer-aided Design of Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 49—51. (In Russian)
  11. Fedorik F. Efficient Design of a Truss Beam by Applying First Order Optimization Method. 11th International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2013, ICNAAM. 2013, vol. 1558, issue 1, pp. 2171—2174. 1 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4825968.
  12. Clear J. Sistemologiya. Avtomatizatsiya resheniya sistemnykh zadach [Automation of System Tasks Solutions]. Transl, from English. Under the editorship of A.I. Gorlin. Moscow, Radio i svyaz' Publ., 1990, 544 p. (In Russian)
  13. Atkin A.V. Proektirovanie i realizatsiya avtomatizirovannoy sistemy dlya rascheta ploskikh sterzhnevykh sistem na osnove ob”ektno-orientirovannogo podkhoda [Design and Implementation of an Automated System for Calculation of Flat Bar Systems Basing On Object-Oriented Approach]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Stroitel’naya informatika [Internet Proceedings of the Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction Informatics]. 2007, no. 2 (4). Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/atkin_rus.pdf. (In Russian)
  14. Yang H., Chang Z., Hu J., Zhang Q. Integrated CAD software for steel frame detailing. Proceedings — 2010 2nd WRI World Congress on Software Engineering, WCSE 2010. 2010, vol. 1, art. 5718303, pp. 237—240. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WCSE.2010.60.
  15. Lebed' E.V., Atkin A.V., Romashkin V.N. Realizatsiya komp'yuternogo geometricheskogo modelirovaniya prostranstvennykh sterzhnevykh sistem [Implementation of Computer Geometrical Modeling of Spatial Rod Systems]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Inzhenernye issledovaniya [Bulletin of People's Friendship University. Series: Engineering Studies]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 141—150. (In Russian)
  16. Kala Z., Kala J. Sensitivity Analysis of Stability Problems of Steel Structures Using Shell Finite Elements and Nonlinear Computation Methods. International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics: Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics, ICNAAM. 2011, vol. 1389, pp. 1865—1868. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3636974.
  17. Sacks R., Warszawski A., Kirsch U. Structural Design in an Automated Building System. Automation in Construction. 2000, vol 10, issue 1, pp. 181—197. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-5805(00)00074-1.
  18. Sobolev Yu.V., Okulov P.D. Proektirovanie stal’nykh stropil’nykh ferm iz effektivnykh profiley [Design of Steel Trusses of Effective Profiles]. Moscow, MISI Publ., 1990, 105 p. (In Russian)
  19. Vasil’kin A.A., Shcherbina S.V., Sukach A.A. Opyt chislennogo opredeleniya optimal’noy vysoty stropil’noy fermy na etape variantnogo proektirovaniya [Experience of the Numerical Estimation of the Optimal Height of a Construction Truss on Trial Design Stage]. Naukoemkie tekhnologii i innovatsii : sbornik dokladov Yubileynoy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [High Technologies and Innovations: a Collection of Papers of the Anniversary International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Belgorod, BGTU Publ., 2014, part. 2, pp. 3—11. (In Russian)

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The resistance problem of compressed-bent shanks with step inflexibility change

  • Galkin Aleksandr Vasil’evich - Lipetsk State Technical University (LGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Applied Mathematics, Lipetsk State Technical University (LGTU), 30 Moskovskaya str., Lipetsk, 398600, Russian Federation; +7 (4742) 32-80-50; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sysoev Anton Sergeevich - Lipetsk State Technical University (LGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Applied Mathematics, Lipetsk State Technical University (LGTU), 30 Moskovskaya str., Lipetsk, 398600, Russian Federation; +7 (4742) 32-80-51; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sotnikova Irina Vladimirovna - Lipetsk State Technical University (LGTU) postgraduate student, Department of Metal Structures, Lipetsk State Technical University (LGTU), 30 Moskovskaya str., Lipetsk, 398600, Russian Federation, +7 (4742) 32-80-79; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 38-44

The main tasks of optimizing metal structures is reducing their materials consumption, time of production and erection. This is achieved by using thin-walled frame structures. Cold-formed profiles are some of them. The volume of such structures application in modern construction is constantly growing. At the same time it is necessary to note, that in Russia there is no regulatory base for design of structures made of cold formed profiles, because the actual operation of such constructions differs from the operation of constructions made of hot-rolled profiles. Buckling greatly influences the operation of frame structures made of cold-formed profiles. The problem connected with the resistance of compressed-bent shanks with variable inflexibility hinge-supported at the ends is under consideration. The way to calculate the critical load at which buckling of a shank happens was found out. This task solution will help to develop the normative base for designing made of cold-formed profiles.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.38-44

References
  1. Ayrumyan E.L., Kamenshchikov N.I., Liplenko M.A. Perspektivy LSTK v Rossii [Future of Steel Frames in Russia]. StroyPROFI. 2013, no. 10, pp. 12—17. (In Russian)
  2. Zverev V.V., Zhidkov K.E., Semenov A.S., Sotnikova I.V. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya ramnykh konstruktsiy iz kholodnognutykh profiley povyshennoy zhestkosti [Experimental Researches of Frame Constructions Produced of Increased Rigidity Profiles]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4 (24), pp. 20—24. (In Russian)
  3. Ayrumyan E.L. Rekomendatsii po raschetu stal’nykh konstruktsiy iz tonkostennykh gnutykh profiley [Recommendations for Calculating Steel Constructions Produced with Thin-Walled Roll-Formed Shapes]. StroyPROFI. 2009, no. 8 (78), pp. 12—14. (In Russian)
  4. Ayrumyan E.L. Osobennosti rascheta stal’nykh konstruktsiy iz tonkostennykh gnutykh profiley [Calculation Peculiarities of Steel Thin-Walled Roll-Formed Shapes]. Montazhnye i spetsial’nye raboty v stroitel’stve stroitelstve [Installation and Special Works in Construction]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  5. Luza G., Robra J. Design of Z-purlins: Part 1. Basics and Cross-section Values According to EN 1993-1-3. Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures EUROSTEEL, Graz, Austria, 2008. Vol. A, pp. 129—134.
  6. Luza G., Robra J. Design of Z-purlins: Part 2. Design Methods Given in Eurocode EN 1993-1-3. Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures EUROSTEEL. Graz, Austria, 2008. Vol. A, pp. 135—140.
  7. Smaznov D.N. Ustoychivost’ pri szhatii sostavnykh kolonn, vypolnennykh iz profiley iz vysokoprochnoy stali [Buckling Resistance of Composite Columns Made of High-Strength Steel Shapes]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 3 (5), pp. 42—49. (In Russian)
  8. Yu W-W., LaBoube R.A. Cold-Formed Steel Design. 4 ed. Wiley, 2010, 512 p.
  9. Timoshenko S.P. Ustoychivost' sterzhney, plastin i obolochek [Resistance of Shanks, Plates and Shells]. Under editorshop of E.I. Grigolyuk. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1971, 807 p. (In Russian)
  10. Vol’mir A.S. Ustoychivost’ uprugikh system [Resistance of Flexible Systems]. Moscow, Fizmatgiz Publ., 1963, 879 p. (In Russian)
  11. Gorbachev V.I., Moskalenko O.B. Ustoychivost’ sterzhney s peremennoy zhestkost’yu pri szhatii raspredelennoy nagruzkoy [Resistance of Shanks with Variable Inflexibility while Pressing with Distributed Load]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 1. Matematika. Mekhanika [Proceedings of Moscow State University. Series 1. Mathematics. Mechanics]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 41—47. (In Russian)
  12. Temis Yu.M., Fedorov I.M. Sravnenie metodov analiza ustoychivosti sterzhney peremennogo secheniya pri nekonservativnom nagruzhenii [Comparing Analysis Methods of the Resistance of Shanks with Variable Cross Section at Neoconservative Loading]. Problemy prochnosti i plastichnosti [Problems of Stability and Plasticity]. 2006, no. 68, pp. 95—106. (In Russian)
  13. Lalin V.V., Rozin L.A., Kushova D.A. Variatsionnaya postanovka ploskoy zadachi geometricheski nelineynogo deformirovaniya i ustoychivosti uprugikh sterzhney [Variance Definition of Plane Problem of Nonlinear Deformation and Resistance of Flexible Shanks]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1 (36), pp. 87—96. (In Russian)
  14. Kagan-Rozentsveyg L.M. O raschete uprugikh ram na ustoychivost’ [On Resistance Calculating of Flexible Frames]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 1 (27), pp. 74—78. (In Russian)
  15. Gukova M.I., Simon N.Yu., Svyashenko A.E. Vychislenie raschetnykh dlin szhatykh sterzhney s uchetom ikh sovmestnoy raboty [Calculation of the Designed lengths of Compression Bars with Account for TheirComposite Action ]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 43—48. (In Russian)
  16. Soldatov A.Yu., Lebedev V.L., Semenov V.A. Analiz ustoychivosti stal’nykh sterzhnevykh sistem s uchetom nelineynoy diagrammy deformirovaniya materiala [Flexibility Analysis of Steel Shank Systems Taking into Account Non-Linear Diagram of Deformation of Material]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 48—53. (In Russian)
  17. Soldatov A.Yu., Lebedev V.L., Semenov V.A. Analiz ustoychivosti stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy s uchetom fizicheskoy nelineynosti metodom konechnykh elementov [Flexibility Analysis of Construction Systems Taking into Account Physical Non-Linearity Using Finite Elements Method]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 60—66. (In Russian)
  18. Krutiy Yu.S. Zadacha Eylera v sluchae nepreryvnoy poperechnoy zhestkosti (prodolzhenie) [Euler Problem in Case of Constant Transverse Inflexibility (Continuance)]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 27—33. (In Russian)
  19. Slivker V.I. Ustoychivost’ sterzhnya pod deystviem szhimayushchey sily s fiksirovannoy liniey deystviya [Resistance of Shanks under the Influence of Comprehensive Load with Fixed Force Line]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 34—37. (In Russian)
  20. Nasonkin V.D. Predel’naya nagruzka dlya szhatykh sterzhney, deformiruemykh za predelom uprugosti [Ultimate Load for Compression Bars Deformable outside Limit of Elasticity]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2007, no. 2, pp. 24—28. (In Russian)
  21. Potapov A.V. Ustoychivost’ stal’nykh sterzhney otkrytogo profilya s uchetom real’noy raboty materiala [Resistance of Steel Shanks with Open Profile Taking into Account Real Operation of the Material]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta [Bulletin of Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 112—115. (In Russian)

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Prevention of brittle fracture of steel structures by controlling the local stress and strain fields

  • Moyseychik Evgeniy Alekseevich - Novosibirsk State Universityof Architecture and Civil Engineering (NSUACE (Sibstrin)) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Doctoral Student, Department of Metal and Wooden Structures, Novosibirsk State Universityof Architecture and Civil Engineering (NSUACE (Sibstrin)), 113 Leningradskaya str., Novosibirsk, 630008, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 45-59

In the article the author offers a classification of the methods to increase the cold resistance of steel structural shapes with a focus on the regulation of local fields of internal stresses and strains to prevent brittle fracture of steel structures. The need of a computer thermography is highlighted not only for visualization of temperature fields on the surface, but also to control the fields of residual stresses and strains in a controlled element.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.45-59

References
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  2. SP 70.13330.2012. Nesushchie i ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 3.03.01—87 [Requirements SP 70.13330.2012. Carrying and Protecting Structures. The Updated Edition of SNiP 3.03.01—87]. Moscow, MRR RF Publ., 2012, 280 p. (In Russian)
  3. Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures — Part 1—10: Material Toughness and Through-Thickness Properties. EN 1993-1-10: 2005/AC. 2005. 16 p.
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  7. Larionov V.P., Kuz’min V.R., Sleptsov O.I. Khladostoykost’ materialov i elementov konstruktsiy: rezul’taty i perspektivy [Cold Resistance of Materials and Structures: Results and Prospects]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 2005, 290 p. (In Russian)
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  9. Eremeev P.G. Predotvrashchenie lavinoobraznogo (progressiruyushchego) obrusheniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy unikal’nykh bol’sheproletnykh sooruzheniy pri avariynykh vozdeystviyakh [Prevention of Avalanche (Progressive) Collapse of Bearing Structures of Unique Span Structures under Emergency Influences]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Construction Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 65—72. (In Russian)
  10. Lepikhin A.M., Moskvichev V.V., Doronin S.V. Nadezhnost’, zhivuchest’ i bezopasnost’ slozhnykh tekhnicheskikh sistem [Reliability, Survivability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems]. Vychislitel’nye tekhnologii [Computational Technologies]. 2009, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 58—70. (In Russian)
  11. Okerblom N.O. Konstruktivno-tekhnologicheskoe proektirovanie svarnykh konstruktsiy [Constructive and Technological Design of Welded Structures]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1964, 420 p. (In Russian)
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  13. Podzey A.V., Sulima A.M., Evstigneev M.I., Serebrennikov G.Z. Tekhnologicheskie ostatochnye napryazheniya [Technological Residual Stresses]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1973, 216 p. (In Russian)
  14. Kozlov S.V. Upravlenie ostatochnymi napryazheniyami v stal'nykh konstruktsiyakh s ispol'zovaniem plazmennoy svarki [Control of Residual Stresses in Steel Structures Using Plasma Welding]. Зbirnik naukovikh prats' Ukraїns'kogo naukovo-doslidnogo ta proektnogo institutu stalevikh konstruktsiy imeni V.M. Shimanovs'kogo [Collection of Scientific Works of the Ukrainian Scientific-Research and Design Institute of Steel Construction named after V.N Shimanovsky]. Kiev, Stal' Publ., 2008, vol. 2, pp. 13—17. (In Russian)
  15. Abovskiy N.P., Endzhievskiy L.V., Savchenkov V.I., Deruga A.P., Gitts N.M. Regulirovanie. Sintez. Optimizatsiya. Izbrannye zadachi po stroitel’noy mekhanike i teorii uprugosti [Regulation. Synthesis. Optimization. Selected Problems of Structural Mechanics and Theory of Elasticity]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 189 p. (In Russian)
  16. Hall U.J., Kichara H., Zut V., Wells A.A. Khrupkie razrusheniya svarnykh konstruktsiy [Brittle Fracture of Welded Structures]. Russian translation. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1974, 320 p. (In Russian)
  17. Kopel’man L.A. Vliyanie ostatochnykh napryazheniy na sklonnost’ svarnykh elementov k khrupkim razrusheniyam [Influence of Residual Stresses on the Tendency of Welded Elements to Brittle Fracture]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding Production]. 1963, no. 4, pp. 9—18. (In Russian)
  18. Kudryavtsev P.I. Ostatochnye svarochnye napryazheniya i prochnost’ soedineniy [Residual Welding Stresses and Strength of Joints]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1964, 96 p. (In Russian)
  19. Trochun I.P. Vnutrennie usiliya i deformatsii pri svarke [Internal Forces And Deformations At Welding]. Moscow, Mashgiz Publ., 1964, 248 p. (In Russian)
  20. Vasylev V.N., Dozorenko Yu.I. Izgotovlenie konstruktsii perforirovannykh balok s garantirovannoy epyuroy vnutrennikh napryazheniy v usloviyakh zavodov metallokonstruktsiy [Design of Perforated Beams with Guaranteed Diagrams of Internal Stresses in Metal Plants]. Metallicheskie konstruktsii [Metal Structures]. 2013, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 49—58. (In Russian)
  21. Golodnov A.I. Regulirovanie ostatochnykh napryazheniy v svarnykh dvutavrovykh kolonnakh i balkakh [Regulation of Residual Stresses in Welded I-beam Columns and Beams]. Kiev, Stal’ Publ., 2008, 150 p. (In Russian)
  22. Alpsten G.A., Tall D.L. Residual Stresses in Heavy Welded Shapes. Geometry of Plates and Shapes is an Important Variable Affecting Residual Stress Magnitude and Distribution, and Initial Residual Stresses Due to Rolling Can be a Higher Magnitude Than Those Due to Welding. Welding Research Supplement. March, 1970, pp. 93—105.
  23. Siddique M., Abid M., Junejo H.F., Mufti R.A. 3-D Finite Element Simulation of Welding Residual Stresses in Pipe-Flange Joints: Effect of Welding Parameters. Materials Science Forum. 2005, vol. 490—491, pp. 79—84. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.490-491.79.
  24. Wilson W.M., Chao Chien Hao. Residual Stresses in Welded Structures. University of Illinois Bulletin. February 2. 1946, vol. 43, no. 40, 80 p.
  25. DeLong D.T., Bowman M.D. Fatigue Strength of Steel Bridge Members with Intersecting Welds. Final Report FHWA/IN/JTRP-2009/19. Design 7/10 JTRP-2009/19 INDOT Division of Research West Lafayette, IN 47906 // Indianapolis, July 2010, 204 p.
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  27. Vinokurov V.A. Otpusk svarnykh konstruktsii dlya snizheniya napryazheniy [Draw of Welded Structures to Reduce Stresses]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1973, 215 p. (In Russian)
  28. Alyavdin P.V. Predel’nyy analiz konstruktsiy pri povtornykh nagruzheniyakh [Limit Analysis of Structures under Repeated Loading]. Minsk, UP «Tekhnoprint» Publ., 2005, 284 p. (In Russian)
  29. Ivanov A.M., Lukin E.S., Larionov V.N. K issledovaniyu kinetiki uprugoplasticheskogo deformirovaniya i razrusheniya elementov konstruktsiy s kontsentratorami napryazheniy po teplovomu izlucheniyu [On the Kinetics Study of Elastic-Plastic Deformation and Fracture of Structural Elements with Stress Concentrators on Thermal Radiation]. Doklady Akademii nauk [Reports of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2004, vol. 395, no. 5, pp. 609—613. (In Russian)
  30. Yakushev A.I., Mustaev R.Kh., Mavlyu-tov R.R. Povyshenie prochnosti i nadezhnosti rez’bovykh soedineniy [Increasing the Strength and Reliability of Threaded Connections]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1979, 215 p. (In Russian)
  31. Ivanov A.M., Lukin E.S. Kombinirovanie metodov obrabotki — effektivnyy sposob upravleniya udarnoy vyazkost’yu staley [Combining the Treatment Methods — An Effective Way to Control the Toughness of Steel]. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN [Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2012, vol. 14, no. 4 (5), pp. 1239—1242. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Settlement determination of operating moisture of autoclaved aerated concrete in different climatic zones

  • Pastushkov Pavel Pavlovich - Research Institute for Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences (NIISF RAASN) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Research Institute for Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 482-40-58; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grinfel’d Gleb Iosifovich - National Association of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Producers (NAAG) Executive Director, National Association of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Producers (NAAG), 40 Oktyabr’skaya naberezhnaya, litera A, St. Petersburg, 193091, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pavlenko Natal’ya Viktorovna - Moscow State Lomonosov University (Institute of Mechanics, MSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, senior engineer, Research Institute of Mechanics, Moscow State Lomonosov University (Institute of Mechanics, MSU), 1 Michurinskiy Prospekt, Moscow, 119192, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 939-52-82; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bespalov Aleksey Evgen’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-34-38 (ext. 14-29); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korkina Elena Vladimirovna - Research Institute for Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences (NIISF RAASN) research worker, Research Institute for Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 482-40-58; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 60-69

In the process of operation of buildings the moisture state of enveloping structures materials is changing depending on their construction features, properties of the material, temperature and moisture conditions in the premises, climatic conditions of the construction area. Moisture mode determines the operational properties of the enveloping structures of a building. It directly influences the thermal characteristics of enveloping structure and energy efficiency of the applied materials. The analysis of the methods for calculation of moisture behavior of enclosing structures is carried out. The research relevance of operational moisture of AAC is substantiated. Experimental studies and results of the sorption moisturizing and water vapor permeability of leading marks of aerated concrete are carried out. The authors offer the results of numerical calculations of the moisture behavior of aerated concrete in the walls with mark D400 with facade thermal insulation composite systems - with external plaster layers for different climatic zones of construction.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.60-69

References
  1. Aksoezen M., Daniel M., Hassler U., Kohler N. Building Age as an Indicator for Energy Consumption. Energy and Buildings. January 2015, vol. 87, pp. 74—86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.10.074.
  2. Mamontov A.A., Yartsev V.P., Strulev S.A. Analiz vlazhnosti razlichnykh utepliteley v ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiyakh zdaniya pri ekspluatatsii v otopitel’nyy period [Moisture Analisys of Various Insulations and Building Enveloping Structures during Operation in Heating Season]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 117—119. (In Russian)
  3. Jelle B.P. Traditional, State-of-the-art and Future Thermal Building Insulation Materials and Solutions — Properties, Requirements and Possibilities. Energy and Buildings. 2011, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2549—2563. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.en¬build.2011.05.015.
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  5. Chernyshov E.M., Slavcheva G.S. Vlazhnostnoe sostoyanie i zakonomernosti proyavleniya konstruktsionnykh svoystv stroitel’nykh materialov pri ekspluatatsii [Moisture Condition and Regularities of Construction Properties Manifestation of Construction Materials in the Process of Operation]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2007, no. 4, pp. 70—77. (In Russian)
  6. Al-Homoud M.S. Performance Characteristics and Practical Applications of Common Building Thermal Insulation Materials. Building and Environment. 2005, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 353—366. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2004.05.013.
  7. Pastushkov P.P. Chislennoe i eksperimental’noe issledovanie okhlazhdeniya ograzhdayushchey konstruktsii posle vykly¬ucheniya otopleniya [Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Cooling of Building Envelopes after Turning off the Heating System]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 312—318. (In Russian)
  8. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. O trebovaniyakh k teplozashchite i energeticheskoy effektivnosti v proekte aktualizirovannoy re¬daktsii SNiP «Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy» [About Requirements to the Thermal Performance and Energy Efficiency in the Project of Actualized SNIP “Thermal Performance Of The Buildings”]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 59—66. (In Russian)
  9. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Kolichestvennaya otsenka energoeffektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Quantitative Estimation of the Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  10. SP 50.13330.2012. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP 23-02—2003 «Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy» [Requirements SP 50.13330.2012. Revised Edition of SNiP 23-02—2003 “Thermal Insulation of Buildings”]. Moscow, Minregion Rossii Publ., 2012, 100 p. (In Russian)
  11. Perekhozhentsev A.G., Gruzdo I.Yu. Issledovanie diffuzii vlagi v poristykh stroitel›nykh materialakh [Investigation of Moisture Diffusion in Porous Construction Materials]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo univer¬sitetata. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Series: Architecture and Construction]. 2014, no. 35 (54), pp. 116—120. (In Russian)
  12. Kornienko S.V. Temperaturno-vlazhnostnyy rezhim i teplozashchitnye svoystva ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy s kraevymi zonami [Temperature and Moisture Mode and Thermal Insulation Properties of the Enveloping Structures with Boundary Zones]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universitetata. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Series: Architecture and Construction]. 2014, no. 35 (54), pp. 62—69. (In Russian)
  13. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Matematicheskaya model’ i inzhenernyy metod rascheta vlazhnostnogo sostoyaniya ograzhday¬ushchikh konstruktsiy [Mathematical Model and Engineering Calculation Method of the Moisture State of Enveloping Structures]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 60—63. (In Russian)
  14. Levchenko V.N., Grinfel’d G.I. Proizvodstvo avtoklavnogo gazobetona v Rossii: perspektivy razvitiya podotrasli [Production of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete in Russia: Subindustry Development Prospects]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 44—47. (In Russian)
  15. Grinfel’d G.I., Morozov S.A., Sogomonyan I.A., Zyryanov P.S. Vlazhnostnoe sostoyanie sovremennykh konstruktsiy iz av¬toklavnogo gazobetona v usloviyakh ekspluatatsii [Moisture State of Modern Constructions Made of Autoclave Aerated Concrete in Operation Conditions]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2 (20), pp. 33—38. (In Russian)
  16. Semchenkov A.S., Ukhova T.A., Sakharov G.P. O korrektirovke ravnovesnoy vlazhnosti i teploprovodnosti yacheistogo beto¬na [On the Adjustment of Equilibrium Moisture and Thermal Conductivity of the Aerated Concrete]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2006, no. 6, pp. 3—7. (In Russian)
  17. Schoch T., Kreft O. The Influence of Moisture on the Thermal Conductivity of AAC. 5th International Conference on Autoclaved Aerated Concrete “Securing a Sustainable Future”: Bydgoszcz, Poland, September, 14—17, 2011, pp. 361—370.
  18. Babkov V.V., Kuznetsov D.V., Gaysin A.M., Rezvov O.A., Samofeev N.S., Morozova E.V. Problemy ekspluatatsionnoy na¬dezhnosti naruzhnykh sten zdaniy na osnove avtoklavnykh gazobetonnykh blokov i vozmozhnosti ikh zashchity ot uvlazhneniya [Problems of Operational Reliability of Inner Walls of Buildings Based on Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks and Possibilities of Their Protection from Moisture]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 8 (18), pp. 28—31. (In Russian)
  19. Vasil’ev B.F. Naturnye issledovaniya temperaturno-vlazhnostnogo rezhima zhilykh zdaniy [Field Studies of Temperature and Moisture Mode of Living Buildings]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1957, 214 p. (In Russian)
  20. Rukovodstvo po raschetu vlazhnostnogo rezhima ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy [Guidance on Moisture Mode Calculation of Enveloping Structures of Building]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1984, 168 p. (In Russian)
  21. Slavcheva G.S., Chernyshov E.M., Korotkikh D.N., Kukhtin Yu.A. Sravnitel’nye ekspluatatsionnye teplozashchitnye khara¬kteristiki odno- i dvukhsloynykh stenovykh gazosilikatnykh konstruktsiy [Comparative Operational Thermal Insulation Properties of One- and Two-Wall Gas Silicate Structures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2007, no. 4, pp. 13—15. (In Russian)
  22. Bedov A.I., Babkov V.V., Gabitov A.I., Gajsin A.M., Rezvov O.A., Kuznecov D.V., Gafurova Je.A., Sinicin D.A. Konstruktivnye reshenija i osobennosti rascheta teplozaschity naruzhnyh sten zdanij na osnove avtoklavnyh gazobetonnyh blokov [Structural Solutions and Special Features of the Thermal Protection Analysis of Exterior Walls of Buildings Made of Autoclaved Gas-Concrete Blocks]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 98—103. (In Russian)
  23. Pastushkov P.P., Lushin K.I., Pavlenko N.V. Otsutstvie problemy vypadeniya kondensata na vnutrenney poverkhnosti sten so skreplennoy teploizolyatsiey [Absence of Condensate Formation Problem on the Inner Surface of Walls with Fastened Thermal Isolation]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 42—44. (In Russian)

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Retrospective analysis and development prospects for the industrial waste management control systems

  • Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Scientific Supervisor, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pugin Konstantin Georgievich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Production Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 70-84

One of the most important issues of our time is the introduction of the resource saving technologies in the manufacturing process. Development and implementation of such technologies are constrained not only by the technical development of the industry, but also by the normative legal aspects of waste production. In order to identify all the significant factors increasing the attractiveness of resource production technologies introduction, it is necessary to examine the changes in the basic principles of the waste management systems in Russia and industrialized countries. The paper presents an analysis of the development of control systems in waste production from the stage of unmanaged education and uncontrolled waste disposal to the environment before transition to resource management. The urgency of the transition to resource management strategies in the field of waste management is discussed. As the best practice waste management deals with the experience of Germany and Austria, where individual integration elements of waste management system are implemented into the overall development strategy of the territory. In particular, it suggests that it is possible to deal more effectively with the strategic objective of minimizing the use of primary resources through better use of the resource potential of waste in the process of comprehensive utilization and recycling, including the sharing of heterogeneous waste. In Russia the implementation of such practices is difficult due to the isolation of Territorial Administration from the businesses located in the area. Basing on the analysis of the systems of waste management the basic requirements for the control system of waste management were set out in order to achieve environmental targets, efficient environmental management and sustainable development of the area. Control systems in waste management must meet the following requirements: be environment-friendly (to ensure an acceptable level of technological environmental load generated during the waste management); preventive (provide conventional hierarchical order of waste management); integrated into the overall strategy for environmentally friendly state and further sustainable socio-economic development of the territory.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.70-84

References
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  10. Ponomarev M.V. Tendentsii i perspektivy sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel’stva v sfere obrashcheniya s otkhodami proiz¬vodstva i potrebleniya [Tendencies and Prospects of Legislation Improvement in the Field of Prodiction and Consumer Waste Man¬agement]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava [Journal of Russian Law]. 2013, no. 4 (196), pp. 22—32. (In Russian)
  11. Ibatullin R.U., Ibatullina S.M. Obrashchenie s otkhodami proizvodstva ot optimizatsii deyatel’nosti predpriyatiya k resheniyu strategicheskikh zadach [Production Waste Management from Enterprise Optimization to Solving Strategic Problems]. Ekonomika i upravlenie [Economy and Management]. 2013, no. 4 (114), pp. 81—85. (In Russian)
  12. Panina I.A. Problemy obrashcheniya s otkhodami proizvodstva i potrebleniya v Rossii i opyt Evropeyskogo soyuza [Problems of Production and Consumer Waste Management in Russia and Experience of the European Union]. Vestnik Evraziyskoy akademii administrativnykh nauk [Proceedings of Eurasian Academy of Administrative Sciences]. 2013, no. 3 (24), pp. 129—134. (In Russian)
  13. Oreshkin D.V. Problemy stroitel’nogo materialovedeniya i proizvodstva stroitel’nykh materialov [Problems of Construction Materials Science and Production of Construction Materials]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 11, pp. 6—9. (In Russian)
  14. Telichenko V.I., Gutenev V.V., Slesarev M.Yu. Podkhody k interpretatsii sistem upravleniya ekologicheskoy bezopasnost’yu v stroitel’stve [Interpretation Approaches of the Control Systems of Ecological Safety in Construction]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of the Urbanized Territories]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 4—12. (In Russian)
  15. Kuznetsov S.N., Volynkina E.P. Integrirovannaya model’ i programma dlya strategicheskogo planirovaniya upravleniya TBO na regional’nom i mestnom urovnyakh [Integrated Model and Program for Strategic Planning of Municipal Solid Waste Manage¬ment on Regional and Local Levels]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii [Ecology and Industry in Russia]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 43—47. (In Russian)
  16. Ulanova O.V., Starostina V.Yu. Kratkiy obzor metoda otsenki zhiznennogo tsikla produktsii i sistem upravleniya otkhodami [Brief Review of Estimation Method for the Life Cyrcle of Products and Waste Management Systems]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Contemporary Problems of Science and Education]. 2012, no. 4. Available at: http://www.science-education.ru/104-6799. (In Russian)
  17. Boravskaya T.V. Reglamentatsiya obrashcheniya s otkhodami v Rossii i OESR [Regulation of Waste Management in Russia and OECD]. Tverdye bytovye otkhody [Municipal Solid Waste]. 2014, no. 6 (96), pp. 35—39. (In Russian)
  18. Boravskaya T.V. Reglamentatsiya obrashcheniya s otkhodami v Rossii i OESR [Regulation of Waste Management in Russia and OECD]. Tverdye bytovye otkhody [Municipal Solid Waste]. 2014, no. 7 (97), pp. 41—44. (In Russian)
  19. Brunner P.H., Rechberge H. Practical Handbook of Material Flow Analysis. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, 2003, 332 p.
  20. Brunner P.H. Reshaping Urban Metabolism. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2007, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 11—13. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jie.2007.1293.
  21. Brunner P.H. Regionaler Stoffhaushalt: Erfassung, Bewertung, Steuerung [Regional Materials Management: Analysis, Eval¬uation, Control]. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2000, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 145—146.
  22. Mastellone M.L., Brunner P.H., Arena U. Scenarios of Waste Management for a Waste Emergency Area. Journal of Industrial Ecology Special Issue: Applications of Material Flow Analysis. October 2009, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 735—757.
  23. Pugin K.G. Voprosy ekologii ispol’zovaniya tverdykh otkhodov chernoy metallurgii v stroitel’nykh materialakh [Ecological Issues of Applying Iron Industry Solid Waste in Construction Materials]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 54—56. (In Russian)
  24. Pugin K.G.,Vaysman Y.I., Potapov A.D., Oreshkin D.V. Development of the Technology of a Simultaneous Untilization of Heterogenous Industrial Wastes for a Construction Materials Production. Modern Applied Science. 2015, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 51—58. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/mas.v9n1p51.
  25. Pugin K.G., Vaysman Y.I. Methodological Approaches to Development of Ecologically Safe Usage Technologies of Ferrous In-dustry Solid Waste Resource Potential. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013, no. 22, Special Issue on Techniques and Technologies, pp. 28—33. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.22.tt.22135.

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Physical parameters of high expansion foam used for fire suppression in the enclosed space

  • Korol’chenko Dmitriy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Complex Safety in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14 (ext. 30-66); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sharovarnikov Aleksandr Fedorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Complex Safety in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14 (ext. 30-66); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 85-92

During proving ground tests there were revealed regularities of fire suppression in enclosed space by high expansion foam using the method of volumetric filling. It is shown that the structure of a dispersed phase, particularly of smoke, has a great influence on the resistance of foam to destruction. The impact mechanism of smoke components on the formation of high expansion foam basing on the condition of integrity preserving of foam agent water solution films is considered. A short description of the interaction of smoke components with foam is given. The influence of concentration and nature of surface-active substances (SAS), concentration and nature of smoke is investigated, as well as electrokinetic parameters of foam on the foam forming process with receiving the foams of a specified structure and with control of such parameters as frequency rate, dispersion, thickness of foam films, capillary pressure in a Plateau Gibbs channels. The results of proving ground tests are presented. It is shown that application of the compositions with the highest fatty alcohols (HFA) additives as stabilizers of foam leads to increase of its stability. It is also shown that increase of foam expansion rate and dispersion of foamy bubbles leads to increase of viscoelastic properties of foam. The analysis of the material balance of high expansion foam supplied for fire suppression in enclosed premises, without account for smoke existence in it, is carried out. It is shown that the given formula includes the balance of foam accumulated and destroyed under the influence of flame and hydrostatic pressure of a solution in foamy channels.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.85-92

References
  1. Delahay P. Double Layer and Electrode Kinetics. New York—London—Sidney, A Division of John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1965, 321 p.
  2. Sharovarnikov A.F. Protivopozharnye peny. Sostav, svoystva, primenenie [Fire-Fighting Foams. Structure, Properties, Application]. Moscow, Znak Publ., 2000, 445 p. (In Russian)
  3. Adamson A.W., Gast A.P. Physical Chemistry of Surfaces. Wiley-Interscience, 6 edition, 1997, 808 p.
  4. Semenov P. Techenie zhidkosti v tonkikh sloyakh [Fluid Flow in Thin Layers]. Zhurnal tekhnicheskoy fiziki [Technical Physics]. 1944, vol. 14, no. 7—8, pp. 427—437. (In Russian)
  5. Rebinder P.A. Izbrannye trudy. Poverkhnostnye yavleniya v dispersnykh sistemakh. Kolloidnaya khimiya [Selected Works. Surface Phenomena in Disperse Systems. Colloid Chemistry]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1978, 368 p. (In Russian)
  6. Blinov V.I., Khudyakov G.N. Diffuzionnoe gorenie zhidkostey [Diffusion Burning of Liquids]. Moscow, AN SSSR Publ., 1961, 208 p. (In Russian)
  7. Zel’dovich Ya.B., Barenblatt G.I., Librovich V.B., Makhviladze G.M. Matematicheskaya teoriya goreniya i vzryva [Mathematical Theory of Burning and Explosion]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980, 480 p. (In Russian)
  8. Loytsyanskiy L.G. Mekhanika zhidkosti i gaza [Mechanics of Liquid and Gas]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973. 847 p. (In Russian)
  9. McAdams W. H. Heat Transmission. New York, McGraw-Hill, 3rd edition, 1954, 490 p.
  10. Nash P. Powder and Extinguishing System. Fire Prevention. 1977, no. 118, pp. 17—21.
  11. Summ B.D., Goryunov Yu.V. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy smachivaniya i rastekaniya [Physical and Chemical Basis of Wetting and Flowing]. Moscow, Khimiya Publ., 1976, 232 p. (In Russian)
  12. Schreiber G., Porst P. Ognetushashchie sredstva. Khimiko-fizicheskie protsessy pri gorenii i tushenii [Fire Extinguishing Agents. Chemical and Physical Processes while Burning and Suppression]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1975, 240 p. (In Russian)
  13. Sharovarnikov A.F., Voevoda S.S., Molchanov V.P. Sovremennye sredstva i sposoby tusheniya pozharov nefteproduktov [Modern Means and Ways of Fire Extinguishing of Oil Products]. Moscow, Kalan Publ., 2000, 420 p. (In Russian)
  14. Sharovarnikov A.F., Sharovarnikov S.A. Penoobrazovateli i peny dlya tusheniya pozharov. Sostav, svoystva, primenenie [Foam Concentrates and Fire Extinguishing Foams. Structure, Properties, Application]. Moscow, Pozhnauka Publ., 2005, 335 p. (In Russian)
  15. Molchanov V.P., Sharovarnikov S.A. Zakonomernosti tusheniya pozharov v rezervuarakh podsloynoy sistemoy [Regularities of Fire Suppression in Tanks by Sublayer System]. Informatizatsiya sistem bezopasnosti : materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii ISB—95 [Materials of the Fourth International Conference “Informatization of Safety Systems”–ISB-95]. Moscow, VIPTSh MVD RF Publ., 1995, pp. 129—137. (In Russian)
  16. Korolchenko A.Ya., Sharovarnikov S.A. Tushenie smesevykh topliv ftorsoderzhashchimi penoobrazovatelyami penoobrazovatelyami [Suppression of Composite Fuels by Fluorine-Containing Foam]. Informatizatsiya sistem bezopasnosti : materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii ISB—95 [Materials of the Fourth International Conference “Informatization of Safety Systems”–ISB-95]. Moscow, VIPTSh MVD RF Publ., 1995, pp. 14—17. (In Russian)
  17. Vinogradov G.V., Malkin A.Ya. Reologiya polimerov [Rheology of Polymers]. Moscow, Khimiya Publ., 1977, 440 p. (In Russian)
  18. Sharovarnikov S.A., Korolchenko A.Ya., Krymov A.V. Obespechenie pozharnoy bezopasnosti rezervuarov so smesevym toplivom : materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Moskva, 3 dekabrya 1996 goda [Ensuring of Fire Safety of Tanks with Composite Fuels. Materials of Scientific and Practical Conference. Moscow, 3 December, 1996]. Moscow, MIPB MVD Rossii Publ., 1996, pp. 167—170. (In Russian)
  19. Grashichev N.K. Zakonomernosti tusheniya nefteproduktov podachey peny v sloy goryuchego : avtoreferat dissertatsii kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Regularities of Suppression of Oil Products by Supplying Foam in a Fuel Layer. Abstract of the Dissertation of Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Moscow, VIPTSh MVD RF Publ., 1991, 21 p. (In Russian)
  20. Exerowa D., Khristov Khr., Penev J. Some Techniques for the Investigation of Foam Stability. Foams. Proc. Symp. on Foams. R.J. Ekers (ed.). N-Y.—London, Academic Press, 1976, 109 p.

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Construction of water intake facilities from partially drying up watercourses

  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Komarov Anatoliy Sergeevich - LLC “GLAKOMRU” Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director General, LLC “GLAKOMRU”, B. Koptevskiy proezd, Moscow, 8105039, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-54-56; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mel’nikov Fedor Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499)183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Serov Aleksandr Evgen’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499)183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-100

Partially ephemeral streams are complex objects that can still be used for water supply or irrigation of agricultural land. The problem of such streams is poorly studied, because the influence of various environmental factors complicates carrying out any experiments. Also it is not possible to make their full classification due to their very strong variability not only on a particular geographical belt, but also within separate areas of the river. All this undoubtedly complicates the task of the designers when designing the system. Creation of laboratory models, allowing us to evaluate the possibilities of a spring use for the purpose of water supply, is very promising. These watercourses have a large amount of suspended sediments, so it is not possible to use the standard scheme of water using of the coastal and fluvial water intake structures. It is proposed to organize the fight with the sediments in the flow chart of primary clarifiers, which will perform the function of settling suspensions, to facilitate the work of water treatment facilities. Also the creation of artificial prop is useful in order to achieve the required level of water in a watercourse for water organization. If under the bottom of the river there is underground water, and the permeability of the soil is good, it is possible to arrange the withdrawal of water through infiltration intakes, by setting the filter under the bottom of the watercourse with its connection to filter, from which the water will climb to submersible pumps. Additional filtration through the soil of the river bottom allows not using the scheme sumps, which significantly reduces the cost of epy incoming water treatment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.93-100

References
  1. Markova I.M. Razrabotka strukturnoy skhemy ekologicheskogo monitoringa vodnykh ob”ektov na osnove modul’nogo printsipa [Development of a Structural Scheme of Environmental Monitoring of Water Bodies Based on the Modular Principle]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 2, pp. 100—107. (In Russian)
  2. Borovkov V.S., Markova I.M. Vnutriruslovye geoekologicheskie protsessy v vodotokakh na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh [Under Channel Geo-ecological Processes in Streams in Urban Areas]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 12—16. (In Russian)
  3. Alshalalfah B., Shalaby A., Dale S. Experiences with Aerial Ropeway Transportation Systems in the Urban Environment. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. March 2014, vol. 140, no. 1. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000158.
  4. Otstavnov A.A., Khar’kin V.A., Orlov V.A. K tekhniko-ekonomicheskomu obosnovaniyu bestransheynogo vosstanovleniya vetkhikh samotechnykh truboprovodov [To Technoeconomic Study of Trenchless Repair of the Old Gravity Pipelines]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Engineering]. 2004, no. 4, pp. 30—34. (In Russian)
  5. Isaev V.N. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie aspekty vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya [Socio-economic Aspects of Water Supply and Sewerage]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Engineering]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 8—17. (In Russian)
  6. Orlov V.A. Puti obespecheniya sanitarnoy nadezhnosti vodoprovodnykh setey [Ways to Ensure the Sanitary Safety of Water Supply Networks]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no.1, pp. 181—187. (In Russian)
  7. Vitreshko I.A. Opredelenie poverkhnosti razdela pered vodopriemnikom v vodoeme [Definition of the Boundary Surface before Intake Conduit in the Pond]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 346—348. (In Russian)
  8. Westra J.V., Easter K.W., Olson K.D. Targeting Nonpoint Source Pollution Control: Phosphorus in the Minnesota River Basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. Middleburg, Apr. 2002, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 493—505.
  9. Otstavnov A.A., Orlov V.A., Khar’kin V.A. K vyboru uchastkov beznapornykh truboprovodov dlya prioritetnogo bestransheynogo vosstanovleniya [Selection of the Areas of Pressure Pipelines for Priority Trenchless Repair]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Engineering]. 2004, no. 5, pp. 44—50. (In Russian)
  10. Min B., Logan B.E. Continuous Electricity Generation from Domestic Wastewater and Organic Substrates in a Flat Plate Microbial Fuel Cell. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004, no. 38 (21), pp. 5809—5814. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es0491026.
  11. Orlov V.A. Gidravlicheskie issledovaniya i raschet samotechnykh truboprovodov iz razlichnykh materialov [Hydraulic Studies and Calculation of Gravity Pipelines Made of Different Materials]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering]. 2008, no. 8, pp. 45—49. (In Russian)
  12. Kaczor G., Bugajski P. Impact of Snowmelt Inflow on Temperature of Sewage Discharged to Treatment Plants. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 381—386.
  13. Suykova N.V., Markova I.M., Borovkov V.S. Konsolidatsiya vodonasyshchennykh melkodispersnykh vzvesey i ikh transportirovanie vodnymi potokami [Consolidation of Water-Saturated Fine Sediments and Their Transportation by Water Flows]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 49—53. (In Russian)
  14. Khurgin R.E., Orlov V.A., Zotkin S.P., Maleeva A.V. Metodika i avtomatizirovannaya programma opredeleniya koeffitsienta Shezi «S» i otnositel’noy sherokhovatosti «n» dlya beznapornykh truboprovodov [Methodology and Automated Program for Determining the Coefficient of Chezy «C» and Relative Roughness «n» for Non-pressure Pipelines]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 54—60. (In Russian)
  15. Pugachev E.A., Golubev D.O. Effektivnoe ispol’zovanie vody. Tekhnologicheskie protsessy v razlichnykh oblastyakh promyshlennosti [Efficient Use of Water. Technological Processes in Various Industries]. Tekhnologii mira [Technologies of the World]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 43—48. (In Russian)
  16. Kaczor G., Bergel T. The Effect of Incidental Waters on Pollution Load in Inflows to the Sewage Treatment Plants and to the Receivers of Sewage. Przemysł Chemiczny. 2008, vol. 87, pp. 476—478.
  17. Orlov V.A. Gidravlicheskie issledovaniya i raschet napornykh truboprovodov, vypolnennykh iz razlichnykh materialov [Hydraulic Studies and Calculation of Pressure Pipes Made of Different Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 177—180. (In Russian)
  18. Khodzinskaya A.G., Zommer T.V. Vysota podnyatiya chastits donnykh i vzveshennykh nanosov [Particles of Bottom and Suspended Sediments: Height of Rise]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 11, pp. 161—170. (In Russian)
  19. Abdel-Aty A.M., Ibrahim M.B.M., El-Did M.A., Radwan E.K. Radwan Influence of Chlorine on Algae as Precursors for Trihalomethane and Haloacetic Acid Production. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2009, no. 6 (9), pp. 1215–—1220.
  20. Orlov E.V., Mel’nikov F.A., Serov A.E., Yunchina M.N. Uluchshenie zabora vody. Stroitel’stvo vodopriemnykh kovshey na rekakh [Improvement of Water Intake. Construction of Water Intake Scoops on Rivers]. Tekhnika i tekhnologii mira [Equipment and Technologies of the World]. 2014, no. 9, pp. 41—45. (In Russian)
  21. Hong H.C., Mazumder A., Wong M.H., Liang Y. Yield of Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acids upon Chlorinating Algal Cells, and its Prediction via Algal Cellular Biochemical Composition. Water Research. 2008, no. 42 (20), pp. 4941—4948. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2008.09.019. Epub 2008 Oct 1.
  22. Tchobanoglous G., Leverenz H., Nellor M.H., Crook J. Direct Potable Reuse. A Path Forward. (Report). WateReuse Research Foundation, 2011, 114 p. Available at: http://aim.prepared-fp7.eu/viewer/doc.aspx?id=39/. Date of access: 15.12.2014.
  23. Orlov E.V. Rayony kraynego severa. Osobennosti zabora vody iz poverkhnostnykh istochnikov [The Regions of the far North. Features of Water Withdrawals from Surface Sources]. Tekhnologii mira [Technologies of the World]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 39—42. (In Russian)
  24. Brodach M.M. Zelenoe vodosnabzhenie i vodootvedenie [Green Water Supply and Water Disposal]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 6—9. (In Russian)
  25. Isaev V.N., Mkhitaryan M.G. Aktualizatsiya SNiP 2.04.01—85* [Updating of Sanitary Norms and Requirements SNiP 2.04.01—85*]. Truboprovody i ekologiya [Pipelines and Ecology]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 11—15. (In Russian)

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Influence of constructive characteristics of a room on the parameters of regulators of automated climatic systems

  • Samarin Oleg Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of the Heating and Ventilation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federa- tion; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Goryunov Igor’ Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Manager, Automation of Construction Technologies Branch, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-97-80; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tishchenkova Irina Ivanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-109

Currently, the successful development of construction industry depends on the improved energy performance of buildings, structures and facilities, as well as on the quality assurance of the indoor climate. In view of the above, designing and operation of buildings should be aimed at the best (optimal) solution of the following objective: to ensure the set-point values of indoor climate serviced by automated climate control systems, against the minimal energy consumption. In regard of its substantive structure, this paper describes the study on the relationship between the individual parameters of indoor thermal stability and the regulatory impact of automatic control systems (ACS). We analyzed the effect of structural room characteristics on the total energy consumption of the airflow processing unit in order to ensure energy saving. The final result is illustrated by numeric simulation with the use of a developed computer program and graphic examples. The proposed method is based on the assumption that the total thermal stability of the «room-ACVS-ACS» system is defined by heat absorption index of a room and the ACS control operation. This follows directly from the back-to-back connection of units corresponding to the room and ACVS in the scheme of automatic indoor climate control. Further study allowed authors to trace the influence of structural characteristics of a room on the total energy consumption needed for air intake treatment. This can be done by applying values of the main walling area. Basing on the developed algorithm, the authors made calculations using the computer program developed in Fortran. As a result a fragments of the program are presented - calculations of the parameters’ values included in the expressions and the total specific energy consumption for heating the air intake during the heating season, under varying room geometry, as well as the graphic illustration of the obtained relationships.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.101-109

References
  1. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Ob otsenke energeticheskoy effektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [On Assessment of Power Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Inzhenernye sistemy [Engineering Systems]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
  2. Gorshkov A.S., Vatin N.I., Rymkevich P.P. Realizatsiya gosudarstvennoy programmy povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy [Implementation of a State Program of Power Efficiency Increase of Residential and Public Buildings]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21nd Century]. 2014, no. 1 (180), pp. 3939—3946. (In Russian)
  3. Chernov S.S. Sostoyanie energosberezheniya i povysheniya energeticheskoy effektivnosti v Rossii [State of Energy Saving and Increase of Power Efficiency in Russia]. Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. Vestnik Volgogradskogo instituta biznesa [Business. Education. Law. Bulletin of the Volgograd Institute of Business]. 2013, no. 4 (25), pp. 136—140. (In Russian)
  4. Drozd D.V., Elistratova Yu.V., Seminenko A.S. Vliyanie vetra na mikroklimat v pomeshchenii [Influence of Wind on the Microclimate Indoors]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii [Modern High Technologies]. 2013, no. 8, Part 1, pp. 37—39. (In Russian)
  5. Datsuk T., Pukhal V., Ivlev U. Forecasting of Microclimate in the Course of Buildings Design and Reconstruction. Advanced Materials Research. 2014, vol. 1020, pp. 643—648. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1020.643.
  6. Vuksanovic D., Murgul V., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. Optimization of Microclimate in Residential Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 680, pp. 459—466. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.680.459.
  7. Samarin O.D., Fedorchenko Yu.D. Vliyanie regulirovaniya sistem obespecheniya mikroklimata na kachestvo podderzhaniya vnutrennikh meteoparametrov [The Influence of Microclimate Control Systems on the Grade of Maintenance of Internal Air Parameters]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 124—128. (In Russian)
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Geoecological evaluation of water industry sludge ponds and developing the techniques of their disposal

  • Chertes Konstantin L'vovich - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tupitsyna Ol'ga Vladimirovna - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pystin Vitaliy Nikolayevich - Samara State Technical University (SamSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Chemical Technology and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SamSTU), 244 Molodogvardeyskaya str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 110-129

Industrial water treatment is accompanied by water industry sludge formation. A great amount of methods of industrial sludge processing and utilization has been developed. Though the majority of such waste is usually being sent to sludge storages. Sludge storages take great areas, which could be practically used, and have a negative impact on the components of geological environment. Though the compositions of such sludge is close to natural soil. The elements of a comprehensive evaluation of water-management sludge ponds as raw-material sources for soil-like recultivation materials using stepwise criteria selection are presented. A comprehensive technique of pre-utilization sludge treatment is developed. The investigation results of the main stages of treatment - dewatering, mineralization, and hardening - are given. The technique offered will enable reducing the costs of the purchase of natural soils for re-cultivation as well as reducing the waste disposal costs.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.110-129

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HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Reliability assessment of reserved water disposal with erodible fuse plug

  • Kosichenko Yuriy Mikhaylovich - Russian Research and Development Establishment of Reclamation Problems (RosNIIPM) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Director of Research, Russian Research and Development Establishment of Reclamation Problems (RosNIIPM), 190, pr. Baklanovskiy, the Rostov Region, Novocherkassk, 346421, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mikhaylov Evgeniy Dmitrievich - Russian Research and Development Establishment of Reclamation Problems (RosNIIPM) junior research worker, Department of Hydraulic Structures Safety, Russian Research and Development Establishment of Reclamation Problems (RosNIIPM), 190, pr. Baklanovskiy, the Rostov Region, Novocherkassk, 346421, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130-140

Water disposal constructions are one of the most responsible constructions of reservoir hydrosystem, that’s why the a lot of attention was always paid to the problems of estimating and providing their reliability and safety. The most important function of such objects is providing reliability and safety of other hydraulic constructions and economic assets in afterbay and water head. The authors offer estimation method for reliability and faultless performance of reserved water disposal with erodible fuse plug on low-head water development. In order to estimate the reliability of reserved water disposal with erodible fuse plug the Bayesian treatment was used. The calculation of diagnoses (states) of reserved water disposal isoffered in case of diagnostic properties k
1 and k
2. One of the main demands placed onreserved water disposals is erosion of soil plug in case of flood discharge exeedance over the estimated frequency with the full opening of the waste sluice.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.130-140

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  13. Ribler P. Zur Sicherheitsdiskussion uber Talsperrendamme. Wasserwirtschaft. 1981, vol. 71, no. 7/6, pp. 200—205.
  14. Serafim J.L., Coutinho-Rodrigues J.M. Statistics of Dam Failures: a Preliminary Report. Int. Water Power & Dam Construction. 1989, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 30—34.
  15. Stefanishin D.V. Otsenka veroyatnosti razrusheniya gruntovykh plotin pri otkaze vodosbrosnykh sooruzheniy [Estimation of Damage Possibility of Earth Dams in Case of Water Collectors Rejection]. Izvestiya VNIIG im. B.E. Vedeneeva [News of the B.E. Vedeneev All Russia Institute of Hydraulic Engineering]. 1987, vol. 202, pp. 53—57. (In Russian)
  16. Kosichenko Yu.M., Mikhaylov E.D. Primenenie rezervnykh vodosbrosov v gruntovykh plotinakh dlya propuska pavodkovykh raskhodov [Application of Reserved Water Discharges in Earth Dams for Flood Discharge]. Nauchnyy zhurnal Rossiyskogo NII problem melioratsii [Scientific Journal of the Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Reclamation Problem]. 2014, no. 2 (14). Рр. 124—137. Available at: http://www.rosniipm-sm.ru/dl_files/udb_files/udb13-rec263-field6.pdf. Date of access: 18.05.2014. (In Russian)
  17. Kosichenko Yu.M., Morogov K.V. Bystrovozvodimyy rezervnyy vodosbros nizkonapornogo gidrouzla malogo vodokhranilishcha [Quick-erect Reserved Water Disposal of Low-Head Water Development of a Tank]. Nauchnyy zhurnal Rossiyskogo NII problem melioratsii [Scientific Journal of the Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Reclamation Problem]. 2012, no. 4 (08), pp. 67—78. Available at: http://www.rosniipm-sm.ru/dl_files/udb_files/udb13-rec138-field6.pdf. Date of access: 10.09.14. (In Russian)
  18. Stefanishin D.V. K otsenke nadezhnosti vodopropusknykh sooruzheniy gidrouzlov [To the Reliability Estimation of Water Disposal Constructions of Hydraulic Power Systems]. Izvestiya VNIIG im. B.E. Vedeneeva Gidravlika gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [News of the B.E. Vedeneev All Russia Institute of Hydraulic Engineering : Collection of Scientific Articles]. Saint Petersburg, VNIIG im. B.E. Vedeneeva Publ., 2000, vol. 236, pp. 77—82. (In Russian)
  19. Kosichenko Yu.M., Baev O.A. Vysokonadezhnye konstruktsii protivofil’tratsionnykh pokrytiy kanalov i vodoemov, kriterii ikh effektivnosti i nadezhnosti [Highly Reliable Constructions of Concrete Blankets of Channels and Reservoirs, Criteria of their Efficiency and Reliability]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 18—25. (In Russian)
  20. Baev O.A. Primenenie planirovaniya eksperimenta dlya izucheniya vodopronitsaemosti ekrana iz geomembrany [Application of Experiment Planning for Waterproof Investigation of a Blanket Made of Geomembrane]. Prirodoobustroystvo [Environmental Engineering]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 46—51. (In Russian)
  21. Bogoslavchik P.M. Issledovaniya transportiruyushchey sposobnosti potoka pri razmyve plotin iz peschanykh gruntov [Investigation of the Transport Capacity of a Flood at Dam Erosion Made of Sandy Soil]. Vodnoe khozyaystvo i gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Water Economy and Hydraulic Engineering]. 1985, no. 14, pp. 48—52. (In Russian)
  22. Bogoslavchik P.M. Issledovanie krivykh svobodnoy poverkhnosti na modelyakh gruntovykh plotin pri ikh razmyve perelivom [Investigation of Surface Curves on the Models of Soil Dams in Case of their Erosion by the Runoff]. Vodnoe khozyaystvo i gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Water Economy and Hydraulic Engineering]. 1987, no. 16, pp. 71—75. (In Russian)
  23. Kosichenko Yu.M., Mikhaylov E.D. Metodika rascheta parametrov rezervnogovo dosbrosa s razmyvaemoy vstavkoy [Calculation Methods of Reserved Water Discharge Parameters with Erodible Fuse Plug]. Nauchnyy zhurnal Rossiyskogo NII problem melioratsii [Scientific Journal of the Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Reclamation Problem]. 2014 no. 4 (16), pp. 176—189. Available at: http://www.rosniipm-sm.ru/dl_files/udb_files/udb13-rec306-field6.pdf. Date of access: 14.07.14. (In Russian)
  24. Bogoslavchik P.M. Gidravlicheskiy raschet rezervnogo vodosbrosa s razmyvaemoy vstavkoy [Hydraulic Calculation of Reserved Water Collection with Erodible Fuse Plug]. Vodnoe khozyaystvo i gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Water Economy and Hydraulic Engineering]. 1990, no. 19, pp. 24—30. (In Russian)
  25. Kosichenko Yu.M., Morogov K.V., Chernov M.A., Mikhaylov E.D. Patent RF 2498007. Rezervnyy vodosbros gruntovoy plotiny. № 2012114853/13; zayavl. 13.04.2012; opubl. 13.04.2012, Byul. № 31 [Russian Patent 2498007. Reserved Water Discharge of a Soil Dam. No. 2012114853/13; appl. 13.04.2012; publ. 13.04.2012, Bulletin no. 31]. 15 p. (In Russian)
  26. Kiselev P.G., editor. Spravochnik po gidravlicheskim raschetam [Reference Book on Hydraulic Calculations]. 5th edition. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1974, 312 p. (In Russian)
  27. Birger I.A. Tekhnicheskaya diagnostika [Technical Diagnosis]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1978, 241 p.
  28. Stefanishin D.V., Gavrilenko T.V. Nekotorye predlozheniya po kolichestvennoy otsenke nadezhnosti vodosbrosov [Some Suggestions on Quantitative Estimation of Water Disposal Reliability]. Izvestiya VNIIG im. B.E. Vedeneeva [News of the B.E. Vedeneev All Russia Institute of Hydraulic Engineering]. 1991, vol. 225, pp. 29—33. (In Russian)
  29. Finagenov O.M., Belyakova S.N. Otsenka ekspluatatsionnoy nadezhnosti gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Evaluation of Operational Reliability of Hydraulic Engineering Structures]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2007, no. 9, pp. 24—27. (In Russian)
  30. Bellendir E.N., Ivashintsov D.A., Stefanishin D.V., Finagenov O.M., Shul’man S.G. Veroyatnostnye metody otsenki nadezhnosti gruntovykh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Probability Methods of Reliability Assessment of Earth Hydraulic Constructions]. Vol. 1. Saint Petersburg, VNIIG im. B.E. Vedeneeva Publ., 2003, 532 p. (In Russian)
  31. Ivanenko Yu.G., Tkachev A.A. Teoreticheskie printsipy i resheniya spetsial’nykh zadach gidravliki otkrytykh vodotokov [Theoretical Principles and Solutions of Special Problems of Hydraulics of Free Flows]. Novocherkassk, Lik Publ., 2013, 203 p. (In Russian)

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Analysis of the stress-strain state of New Exchequer combined damat static loads

  • Sainov Mikhail Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Fedotov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Hydraulic and Power Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 141-152

In the article the authors analyze numerical modeling results of the stress-strain state of a combined dam created by construction of a higher rockfill dam with a reinforced concrete face behind the downstream face of the concrete dam. The analysis was conducted on the example of the design of 150 meter high New Exchequer dam (USA). Numerical modeling was conducted with consideration of non-linearity of soils deformation as well as non-linear behavior of the interaction “concrete - soil”, “concrete - concrete”. The analysis showed that though in a combined dam the concrete part gets additional displacements and settlements, its stress state remains favorable without appearance of tensile stresses and opening of the contact “concrete - rock”. This is explained by the fact that on the top the concrete dam is weightened by the reservoir hydrostatic pressure. The role of rockfill lateral pressure on the concrete dam stress state is small. There may be expected sliding of soil in relation to the concrete dam downstream face due to the loss of its shear strength. Besides, decompaction of the contact "soil - concrete" may occur, as earthfill will have considerable displacements in the direction from the concrete dam. Due to this fact the loads from the earthfill weight do not actually transfer to the concrete dam. The most critical zone in the combined dam is the interface of the reinforced concrete face with the concrete dam. Under the action of the hydrostatic pressure the earth-fill under the face will have considerable settlements and displacements, because soil slides in relation to the concrete dam downstream face. This results in considerable openings (10 cm) and shear displacements (50 сm) in the perimeter joint. The results of the numerical modeling are confirmed by the presence of seepage in New Exchequer dam, which led to the necessity of its repair. Large displacements do not allow using traditional sealing like copper water stops in the perimeter joint of combined dams. The sealing should be made of geo-membrane with placement of an asphalt pad under the face. Due to bending deformations in the lower part of the reinforced concrete face considerable tensile forces may occur. It is recommended to arrange a transverse joint in this part of the face.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.141-152

References
  1. Hammar E., Lennartsson D. The Yang Qu Dam: Optimization of Zones by Numerical Modelling on this New Type of Dam. Luleå University of Technology, 2014, 67 p.
  2. Reitter A.R. Design and Construction of the New Exchequer Dam — the World’s Highest Concrete Faced Rockfill Dam. World Dams Today. 1970, pp. 4—10.
  3. Garcia F.M., Maestro A.N., Dios R.L., de Cea J.C., Villarroel J., Martinez Mazariegos J.L. Spain´s New Yesa Dam. The International Journal on Hydropower & Dams. 2006, no. 13 (3), pp. 64—67.
  4. Dios R.L., Garcia F.M., Cea Azañedo J.C., Mazariegos J.L.M., Gonzalez-Elipe J.M.V. El Diseño del Recrecimiento del Embalse de Yesa. Revista de Obras Publicas/Marzo. 2007, no. 3, 475, pp. 129—148.
  5. Sherard J.L., Cooke J.B. Concrete-Face Rockfill Dam: I. Assessment. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 1987, vol. 113, no. 10, pp. 1096—1132.
  6. Sainov M.P. Vychislitel’naya programma po raschetu napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya gruntovykh plotin: opyt sozdaniya, metodiki i algoritmy [Computer Program for the Calculating the Stress-strain State of Soil Dams: the Experience of Creation, Techniques and Algorithms]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2013, Vol. 9. No. 4, pp. 208—225. (In Russian)
  7. Rasskazov L.N., Dzhkha Dzh. Deformiruemost’ i prochnost’ grunta pri raschete vysokikh gruntovykh plotin [Deformability and Strength of Soils in High Soil Dam Calculation]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 1997, no. 7, pp. 31—36. (In Russian)
  8. Rasskazov L.N. Uslovie prochnosti [Strength Condition]. Trudy Instituta VODGEO. [Proceedings of the Institute VODGEО]. 1974, no. 44, pp. 53—59. (In Russian)
  9. Sainov M.P. Parametry deformiruemosti krupnooblomochnykh gruntov v tele gruntovykh plotin [Deformation Parameters of Macrofragment Soils in Soil Dams]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2014, no. 2. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru/public/journals/1/issues/2014/02/2_Sainov.pdf. (In Russian)
  10. Marsal R.J. Large Scale Testing of Rockfill Materials. Journal of Soil Mech. and Foundations Division, ASCE. 1967, 93 (2), pp. 27—43.
  11. Gupta A.K. Triaxial Behaviour of Rockfill Materials. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering — Ejge.com. 2009, vol. 14, Bund J, pp. 1—18.
  12. Varadarajan A., Sharma K.G., Venkatachalam K., Gupta A.K. Testing and Modeling Two Rockfill Materials. J. Geotech. Geoenv. Engrg., ASCE. 2003, vol. 129, no. 3, pp. 206—218. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2003)129:3(206).
  13. Marachi N.D., Chan C.K., Seed H.B. Evaluation of Properties of Rockfill Materials. J. SMFE. 1972, 98 (1), pp. 95—114.
  14. Park H.G., Kim Y.-S., Seo M.-W., Lim H.-D. Settlement Behavior Characteristics of CFRD in Construction Period. Case of Daegok Dam. Jour. of the KGS. September 2005, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 91—105.
  15. Sainov M.P. Poluempiricheskaya formula dlya otsenki osadok odnorodnykh gruntovykh plotin [Semiempirical Formula for Assessment of Homogeneous Earthfill Dams]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Volga Region Scientific Journal]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 108—115. (In Russian)
  16. Kearsey W.G. Recent Developments of Upstream Membranes for Rockfill Dams. A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for Requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering In Geotechnique. Edmonton, Alberta, July, 1983, 132 p.
  17. ICOLD. Concrete Face Rockfill dam: Concepts for design and Construction. In-ternational Commision on Large Dams. Bulletin 141, 2010.
  18. ICOLD. Rockfill Dams with Concrete Facing-State of the Art. International Commision on Large Dams. Bulletin 70, 1989, pp. 11—53.
  19. Brown H.M., Kneitz P.R. Repair of New Exchequer Dam. Water Power and Dam Construction. 1987, no. 39 (9), pp. 25—29.
  20. McDonald J.E., Curtis N.F. Repair and Rehabilitation of Dams: Case Studies; Pre-pared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Engineer Research and Development Center, 1999. 265 p.

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSE

Efficiency assessment method of financial leasing as a factor of innovative development of a construction complex for a lessee in comparison with a credit

  • Alekseeva Tat’yana Romanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 153-167

Modernization and innovative and technological rearmament of a construction complex is one of the priority problems of national economy development. Development and implementation of innovative technologies in the process of creating construction production will allow improving its quality, consumer characteristics, ensuring energy efficiency and ecological safety of buildings and constructions. One of problems of innovative development of a construction complex is the problem of financing of innovative activity. In our opinion leasing is one of effective ways of its solving. In the leasing transaction the owner of an asset temporarily transfers a right to use an asset to other party. The owner of an asset is a lessor. Other party is a lessee. The lessor makes a lease for a specified time in return for a periodic rental payments from the lessee. One of the advantages of leasing is that it provides alternative to ownership. Also lessees benefit from a number of tax advantages. Leasing has many other advantages. The assessment method of the efficiency of financial leasing as a factor of innovative development of a construction complex for a lessee enterprise in comparison with the credit is shown in article. As a result of scientific research we specified the criteria of this assessment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.153-167

References
  1. Asaul A.N. Problemy innovatsionnogo razvitiya otechestvennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Innovative Development in Domestic Economy]. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii [Economic Revival of Russia]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 3—6. (In Russian)
  2. Alekseeva T.R. Osobennosti innovatsionnogo razvitiya stroitel’nogo kompleksa v usloviyakh modernizatsii natsional’noy ekonomiki [Features of Innovative Development of a Construction Complex in the Conditions of National Economy modernization]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering ]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 236—246. (In Russian)
  3. Glaz’ev S.Yu. Mirovoy ekonomicheskiy krizis kak protsess zameshcheniya dominiruyushchikh tekhnologicheskikh ukladov [World Economic Crisis as a Replacement Process of Dominating Technological Ways]. Personal’naya stranitsa S.P. Kurdyumova [Personal Site of S.P. Kurdyumov]. Available at: http://spkurdyumov.ru/economy/mirovoj-ekonomicheskij-krizis/. Date of access: 10.05.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Lukmanova I.G. Metodicheskie osnovy transfera tehnologiy v stroitel’noy otrasli [Methodological Bases for Technology Transfer in the Construction Industry]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 193—198. (In Russian)
  5. Filosofova T.G. Effektivnost’ ispol’zovaniya lizinga v skhemakh modernizatsii [Leasing Efficiency as a Tool of Modernization]. Lizing. Tekhnologii biznesa [Leasing. Technologies of business]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 6—21. (In Russian)
  6. Syrtsova O.N. Lizing kak instrument modernizatsii ekonomiki Rossii [Leasing as a Tool to Modernize the Russian Economy]. Lizing. Tekhnologii biznesa [Leasing. Technologies of business]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 14—29. (In Russian)
  7. Yas’kova N.Yu., Kamenetskiy M.I. Krizis otechestvennoy modeli upravleniya stroitel’stvom i rynkom nedvizhimosti [Crisis of Domestic Model of Management by Construction and Real Estate Market]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 3—13. (In Russian)
  8. Yas’kova N.Yu. Tendentsii razvitiya stroitel’nykh korporatsiy v novykh usloviyakh [Development Tendencies of Construction Corporations in New Conditions]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 174—177. (In Russian)
  9. Lipsey R.G., Carlaw K.I., Bekar C.T. Economic Transformations — General Purpose Technologies and Long-Term Economic Growth. Oxford University Press, 2005, 618 p.
  10. Alekseeva T.R. Metodika otsenki ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti lizinga po sravneniyu s kreditom v innovatsionnom razvitii stroitel’nogo kompleksa [Assessment Method of Leasing Economic Efficiency in Innovative Development of a Construction Complex in Comparison with Crediting]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 179—191. (In Russian)
  11. Batrutdinov A.S., Fedoseev I.V. Lizing kak sposob finansovo-kreditnogo obespecheniya innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosti stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Leasing as Way of Financial and Credit Ensuring of Innovative Activity of a Construction Enterprise]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2006, no. 3—4, pp. 237—240. (In Russian)
  12. Ibraeva A.A. Sushchnost’ i funktsii lizinga v sisteme ekonomicheskikh otnosheniy khozyaystvuyushchikh sub”ektov [Leasing Essence and Functions in the System of Economic Relations of Managing Subjects]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2010, no. 4 (36), pp. 196—199. (In Russian)
  13. Kirkorov A.N. Metody opredeleniya effektivnosti finansovogo lizinga po sravneniyu s kreditom [Methods of efficiency estimation of financial leasing in comparison with a credit]. Lizing-revyu [Leasing-review]. 2000, no. 5/6, pp. 30—38. (In Russian)
  14. Nedogoda D.K. Lizing ili kredit: vybor sposoba finansirovaniya [Leasing or Credit: Choice of a Way of Financing]. Ekonomicheskie nauki [Economic Sciences]. 2007, no. 10, pp. 293—296. (In Russian)
  15. Prokaeva I.G. Sravnenie effektivnosti lizinga i kredita [Efficiency Comparison of Leasing and Credit]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 8—12. (In Russian)
  16. Adams A.T., Booth P.M., MacGregor B.D. Lease Terms, Option Pricing and the Financial Characteristics of Property. British Actuarial Journal. 2003, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 619—635.
  17. Eisfeldt A.L., Rampini A.A. Leasing, Ability to Repossess, and Debt Capacity. Review of Financial Studies. 2009, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1621—1657. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rfs/hhn026.
  18. An Yan. Leasing and Debt Financing: Substitutes or Complements? Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. 2006, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 709—731. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.302157.
  19. Miceli T.J., Sirmans C.F., Turnbull G.K. The Property-Contract Boundary: an Economic Analysis of Leases. American Law and Economics Review. Oxford University Press, 2001, no. 3, pp. 165—185. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aler/3.1.165.
  20. Agarwal S., Ambrose B.W., Huang H., Yildirim Y. The Term Structure of Lease Rates with Endogenous Default Triggers and Tenant Capital Structure: Theory and Evidence. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. Cambridge University Press, April 2011, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 553—584. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022109010000839.

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Research methods of the parameters of residential buildings construction

  • Grigor’ev Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology and Organization of Construction Production, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Oleynik Pavel Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology and Organization of Construction Production, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 168-177

The analysis of construction theory and practice shows that rational organizational and technological parameters of the construction of residential buildings should be based on the manifestation in time and space of the most important stages construction with their harmonization. Basing on the experience of normalizing the construction duration, it is advisable to express the complex of residential buildings’ construction processes by their basic stages - preparatory period, underground part, aboveground part, external engineering networks and land improvement. The main indicators of the development and implementation of optimization solutions are: the total duration of the construction, the duration of the preparation period, the duration of the construction of the underground part, the duration of the construction of the aboveground part, the duration of external engineering networks laying, the duration of land improvement. The indicators of the total duration of the construction of residential buildings, the construction the underground and aboveground parts are determined on the basis of the operation of one assembly crane on an object of up to four sections. In case of more sections two (three) cranes are considered and the total construction duration is set depending on these conditions. The duration of the construction of multisectional buildings is determined basing on the simultaneous construction of the stages or their combination with a certain time shift. However, this approach requires a significant amount of optimization solutions due to its multivariance. Therefore, in order to reduce the volume of calculations in some cases, for example, when planning the development of districts and neighborhoods, statistical methods can be used for determining the duration of the construction basing on the compilation of optimization solutions. The total duration of the construction and the duration of the main stages are multiple-choice. Therefore, variants with minimum and maximum values can be regarded as supporting. The researches showed that the difference between them is not so much in the technological scheme of construction, but in the gap between design and practical solutions. When creating an enlarged model of multisectional residential building construction we should keep in mind the following circumstances: a part of a residential building up to 6 sections is a section, and up to 4 sections - a division; selection of a division size is determined both by adjacent associated activities (sealing and embedment of joints, partitions creation, plumbing works, etc.) and economic conditions (the cost of tooling, additional financial support, etc.); technological sequence of precast concrete structures installation can be applied depending on the design and space-planning decisions; floor assembling begins with panels of external walls with significant labor input when terminating their seams; installation of panels should closely match the tolerances of bottom and top; the process of installing concrete structures should be monitored using geodetic laser technologies (LT, LN, LSZ, etc.); elevators installation is advisable to carry out at the same time with the precast concrete structures installation on the areas free of installation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.168-177

References
  1. Gradostroitel’nyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii (GrK RF) ot 29.12.2004 № 190-FZ (red. ot 28.12.2013 s izmeneniyami, vstupivshimi v silu s 01.01.2014) [Town-Planning Codex of the Russian Federation from 29.12.2004 no. 190-FZ (revised 28.12.2013 with amendments in effect from 01.01.2014)]. Moscow, 2013, 159 p. (In Russian)
  2. Edinye normy prodolzhitel’nosti proektirovaniya i stroitel’stva predpriyatiy, zdaniy i sooruzheniy i osvoeniya proektnykh moshchnostey [General Norms of Design and Construction Duration of Enterprises, Buildings and Structures and Rated Capacities Testing]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1983, 327 p. (In Russian)
  3. ISO 22263:2008. Organization of Information about Construction Works — Frame-Work for Management of Project Information. ISO, 2008, 14 p. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=40835/. Date of access: 12.01.2015.
  4. Oleynik P.P., Grigor’yev V.A. Sovremennye metody modelirovaniya norm prodolzhitel’nosti stroitel’stva zhilykh zdaniy [Modern Methods of Modeling the Duration Norms of Residential Buildings Construction]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and the Organization of Construction Production]. 2014, no. 2 (7), pp. 42—44. (in Russian)
  5. Kievskiy L.V., Khorkina Zh.A. Realizatsiya prioritetov gradostroitel’noy politiki dlya sbalansirovannogo razvitiya Moskvy [Implementation of Urban Policy Priorities for the Balanced Development of Moscow]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 54—57. (In Russian)
  6. Mukhametzyanov Z.R., Gusev E.V. Sovremennyy podkhod k modelirovaniyu tekhnologii stroitel’stva promyshlennykh ob”ektov [Modern Approach to Modeling of Industrial Construction Technology]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 68—69. (In Russian)
  7. Oleinik P.P., Grigorieva L.S., Brodsky V.I. Outstripping Engineering Preparation of Construction Sites. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 580—583, pp. 2294—2298. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.580-583.2294.
  8. Petrov A.A. Strategic Planning in Saint Petersburg as a Manifestation of Transition to Sustainable Development Economy. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2014, vol. 21 (2), pp. 423—426.
  9. Ruch’ev A.P., Li Guan Qion. Organizatsionnye faktory obosnovaniya norm prodolzhitel’nosti stroitel’stva mnogoetazhnykh zhilykh domov [Organizational Factors of the Validity of Duration Norms of Apartment Buildings Construction]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2005, no. 10, pp. 69—74. (In Russian)
  10. Volkov S.V., Volkova L.V., Shvedov V.N. Osobennosti proektirovaniya organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh skhem stroitel’stva zhilykh zdaniy [Design Features of Organization and Technological Schemes of Residential Buildings Construction]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2013, no. 2—3, pp. 42—47. (In Russian)
  11. Oleynik P.P., Brodskiy V.I. Metodika normirovaniya pokazateley vypolneniya podgotovitel’nykh rabot [Methodology of Preparatory Work Rationing]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and the Organization of Construction Production]. 2013, no. 1 (2), pp. 27—31. (in Russian)
  12. Oleynik P.P. Analiz i razrabotka norm prodolzhitel’nosti stroitel’stva inzhenernykh setey i kommunikatsiy [Analysis and Development of Construction Duration Norms of Engineering Networks and Communications]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Mechanization of Construction]. 2008, no. 6 (768), pp. 24—25. (In Russian)
  13. Chemodurov V.T., Vdovichenko V.V. Optimizatsiya parametrov stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy na etape proektirovaniya [Optimization of the Parameters of Building Structures at the Design Stage]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v stroitel'stve, dizayne, arkhitekture : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (g. Moskva, 25— 26 aprelya 2013 g.) [Modern Technologies in Construction, Design, Architecture : Collection of Materials of the International Conference (Moscow, April 25—26, 2013]. Kirov, MTsNIP Publ., 2013, pp. 84—91. (In Russian)
  14. D’yachkova O.N. Algoritm prinyatiya effektivnykh konstruktivno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy zhilykh mnogoetazhnykh zdaniy [Taking Effective Design and Technological Solutions of Residential High-Rise Buildings]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. 2009, no. 1 (20), pp. 43—47. (In Russian)
  15. Nedavnii O.I., Bogatyreva M.M., Kuznetsov S.M., Kandaurova N.M. Improvement of Organizational and Engineering Reliability of Construction Machinery. Vestnik of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building. English version appendix. 2014, no. 1, pp. 66—72.
  16. Volodin S.V. Podgotovka mestnykh normativov gradostroitel’nogo proektirovaniya [Developing Local Standards of Urban Design]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 30—31. (In Russian)
  17. Leonov V.V. Statistika zhiloy zastroyki v Moskve [Statistics of Residential Buildings in Moscow]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 10, pp. 25—27. (in Russian)
  18. Oleynik P.P. Organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Organization of Construction Production]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 575 p. (In Russian)
  19. Afanas’ev A.A. Tekhnologicheskaya gibkost’ panel’nogo domostroeniya [Technological Flexibility of Panel-Type Housing Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 4, pp. 49—50. (In Russian)
  20. Matreninskiy S.I. Metodologicheskiy podkhod k klassifikatsii territoriy massovoy zhiloy zastroyki dlya prinyatiya resheniy po ikh ekspluatatsii i pereustroystvu [Methodological Approach to the Classification of Mass Housing Development Areas for Making Decisions Concerning Their Maintenance and Reconstruction]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Construction. Construction and Architecture]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 49—56. (In Russian)

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Methodological approaches to assessing the innovativeness level of investment and construction projects

  • Dolzhenko Yuliya Aleksandrovna - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE); LLC “K4” postgraduate student, Department of Projects and Programs Management; chief specialist, Systems Analysis Group, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE); LLC “K4”, 36 Stremyannyy pereulok, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; 2/4-17 Luzhnetskaya naberezhnaya, Moscow, 119270, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 178-186

The article presents the results of the analysis of the existing approaches to innovations evaluation in international and Russian practice. The authors examine the nature of the concept of “innovation”, especially innovation projects, methodological tools to measure various objects’ innovativeness level as well as innovative project economic efficiency assessing methods. It should be noted that at the legislative level up to date in the process of formation and implementation of capital construction projects there are no eligible requirements and assistance from public authorities to the developer for creating innovative products, providing the appropriate level of services. And if the financial indicators of the project are more or less clear, the level of innovativeness of them is much more complicated, although the requirements on the innovativeness of the projects are included in the Strategy of innovative development of Russia. The analysis shows that in Russian and international practice there are many approaches to assessing innovations, but they cannot be considered universal and they are applied differentially depending on the goals and tasks of applying the results of scientific achievements in the form of intellectual property to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of industries, products, services. In this case individual, specific evaluation method is selected and implemented basing on taking into account all the legal, economic, technical and other aspects. As a result, the author concluded that the innovativeness level rating requires development, which is in its analytical capabilities to provide flexible management tool, which can be applied at all the stages of the investment and construction project life cycle.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.178-186

References
  1. Arbatskaya E.A. Podkhody k otsenke konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiya [Approaches to Assess the Competitiveness of an Enterprises]. Izvestiya Irkutskoy gosudarstvennoy ekonomicheskoy akademii [News of Irkutsk State Economic Academy]. 2012, no. 1 (81), pp. 118—128. (In Russian)
  2. Bachurina S.S., Dolzhenko Yu.A. Innovatsionnaya sostavlyayushchaya dostizheniya strategicheskogo konkurentnogo preimushchestva kompanii [An Innovative Component of Achieving Strategic Competitive Advantage of a Company]. Sovremennye problemy upravleniya proektami v investitsionno-stroitel'noy sfere i prirodopol'zovanii: materialy III Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (12 aprelya 2013 g.) [Modern Problems of Management of Investment Projects in Construction and Environmental Management: Proceedings of the 3rd International Scientific and Practical Conference (April 12, 2013)]. Edited by V.I. Resin. Moscow, REU im. G.V. Plekhanova Publ., 2013, pp. 7—12. (In Russian)
  3. Sukhachev K.A., Sultanova I.P., Dolzhenko Yu.A. Novye tekhnologii upravleniya kak sredstvo resheniya problem stroitel’stva energeticheskikh ob”ektov [New Management Technologies as Means of Solving the Problems of Energy Facilities Construction]. Neftegazopromyslovyy inzhiniring [Oil and Gas Engineering]. 2013, Special issue no. 7, pp. 62—66. (In Russian)
  4. Batukova L.R. Otsenka urovnya innovatsionnosti investitsionnykh proektov [Innovativeness Level Assessment of Investment Projects]. Regionologiya [Regional Studies]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 59—68. (In Russian)
  5. Chekcheeva N.V., Uvarov A.F., Osipov Yu.M. Metodika ekspertizy innovatsionnykh proektov [Methods of Examination Of Innovative Projects]. Innovatsii [Innovations]. 2006, no. 9, pp. 114—116. (In Russian)
  6. Rot E. Innovatsii — put’ k povysheniyu effektivnosti [Innovations — the Path to Greater Efficiency]. Vestnik McKinsey [Bulletin Of McKinsey]. 2010, no. 21, pp. 37—51. (In Russian)
  7. Vaccaro I.G., Jansen J.P., Van Den Bosch F.A.J., Volberda H.W. Management Innovation and Leadership: The Moderating Role of Organizational Size. Journal of Management Studies. 2012, no. 49 (1), pp. 28—51. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00976.x.
  8. Kock A., Gemünden H.G., Salomo S., Schultz S. The Mixed Blessings of Technological Innovativeness for the Commercial Success of New Products. Journal of Product Innovation Management. 2011, no. 28, issue s1, pp. 28—43. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2011.00859.x.
  9. Tsai K.H., Fang W., Hsu T.T. Relinking Cross-Functional Collaboration, Knowledge Integration Mechanisms and Product Innovation Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sci. 2012, no. 29, issue 1, pp. 25—39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjas.192.
  10. Dereli T., Altun K. A Novel Approach for Assessment of Candidate Technologies with Respect to Their Innovation Potentials: Quick Innovation Intelligence Process. Expert Systems with Applications. 2013, 40 (3), pp. 881—891. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2012.05.044.
  11. Lasagni A. How Can External Relationships Enhance Innovation in SMEs? New Evidence for Europe. Journal of Small Business Management. 2012, no. 50 (2), pp. 310—339. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-627X.2012.00355.x.
  12. Batukova L.R. Innovatsionnost’, kak vazhneyshaya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskaya kategoriya [Innovation as the Most Important Socio-Economic Category]. Problemy: perspektivy razvitiya innovatsionno-kreativnoy ekonomiki : Sbornik materialov Vtoroy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Collection of Materials of the Second International Scientific-Practical Conference “Innovative and Creative Economy Development Problems and Prospects”]. 2010. Available at: http://econference.ru/blog/conf06/216.html. Date of access: 25.12.2014. (In Russian)
  13. Baklanova Yu.O. Tipologizatsiya, klassifikatsiya i sistematizatsiya innovatsionnykh proektov i initsiativ v kompanii [Classification, Grouping and Systematization of Innovational Projects and Initiatives in a Company]. Sovremennye tekhnologii upravleniya [Modern Management Technologies]. 2012, no. 4 (16). Available at: http://sovman.ru/all-numbers/archive-2012/april2012/item/82-typology-classification-and-systematization-of-innovative-projects-and-initiatives-in-the-company.html. (In Russian)
  14. Baklanova Yu.O. Evolyutsiya podkhoda k proektnomu upravleniyu innovatsiyami: initsiativa, proekt, programma, portfel’ [Evolution of the Approach to Project Management, Innovation, Initiative, Project, Program, Portfolio]. Sovremennye tekhnologii upravleniya [Modern Management Technologies]. 2012, no. 3 (15). Available at: http://sovman.ru/all-numbers/archive-2012/march2012/item/72-03-03-12.html. Date of access: 25.12.2014. (In Russian)
  15. Komkov N.I., Eroshkin S.Yu., Mamontova N.G. «Dorozhnaya karta» — kak instrument tekhnologicheskogo prognozirovaniya i analiza innovatsionnykh proektov [“Road Map” as a Tool of Technological Forecasting and Analysis of Innovative Projects]. Nauchnye trudy: Institut narodnokhozyaystvennogo prognozirovaniya RAN [Scientific Works: the Institute of Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 242—265. (In Russian)
  16. Panchenko V.Ya. RFFI — klyuchevoy element obespecheniya zapuska innovatsionnogo tsikla [RFBR — a Key Element of the Launch of the Innovation Cycle]. Novaya ekonomika. Innovatsionnyy portret Rossii [The New Economy. Innovative Portrait of Russia]. 2013, pp. 62—66. (In Russian)
  17. Sadkov V.G., Mashegov P.N., Zbinyakova E.A. Otsenka urovnya innovatsionnosti ekonomiki i klyuchevye napravleniya formirovaniya tselostnoy mnogourovnevoy natsional’noy innovatsionnoy sistemy [Economy Innovativeness Level Assessment and the Key Areas of Developing a Comprehensive Multi-Level National Innovation System]. Innovatsionnyy Vestnik Region [Innovative Herald Region]. 2006, no 1., pp. 49—53. (In Russian)
  18. Sarkin A.V. Razrabotka sistemy upravleniya innovatsionnoy deyatel’nost’yu na naukoemkikh mashinostroitel’nykh predpriyatiyakh [Development of Innovation Management Systems in Knowledge-Intensive Machine-Building Enterprises]. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 32—39. (In Russian)
  19. Sarkin A.V. Primenenie sistemy sbalansirovannykh pokazateley v sisteme planirovaniya na naukoemkikh mashinostroitel’nykh predpriyatiyakh [Application of Balanced Scorecard in the Planning System at the High-Tech Machine-Building Enterprises]. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 14—29. (In Russian)
  20. Chetverik N.P., Khanukhov Kh.M., Pirotskaya L.M., Grunin I.Yu., Shlyapni- kov A.A., Derevyanko A.A. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenke effektivnosti innovatsiy v stroitel’stve [Guidelines for the Innovation Effectiveness Evaluation in Construction]. Moscow, Komitet innovatsionnykh tekhnologiy v stroitel’stve NOSTROY Publ., 2011, 66 p. (In Russian)

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The analysis of the existing typology of energy saving measures in the course of construction project implementation and real estate object operation

  • Kiseleva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Organization and Control in Real Estate, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 781-80-07; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 187-195

Today, speaking about the efficiency of energy saving measures it is necessary to analyze the consequences of alternative options of the use of renewables at reconstruction and updating of housing stock from the point of view of secondary energy use and by doing that to avoid negative consequences of greenhouse gases emissions. Thus special attention is paid as a rule to residential buildings. In addition to the assessment of the ideas of housing stock and power sources updating, the cost of construction materials in reconstruction projects, various concepts of reconstruction and economic consequences of the repair of buildings is also important. As a rule, the life cycle of a real estate object is longer, than the life cycle of the production process of the goods or service occurring on this object. Careful planning of the operation program of a real estate object already at the stage of its design and also its timely modernization according to new requirements play an important role throughout the whole life cycle of an object and its long-term and effective operation. The decision on the expediency of a construction project is made on the basis of the analysis of expenses for it. In practice it is quite seldom possible to take into account all the expenses for a constructed facility, that is the expenses arising at construction, operation, the contents and service of a real estate object during its existence. Often realization of more expensive solutions at the level of construction designs and equipment leads to considerable decrease in operational costs of a real estate object. Thus, without creation of a program of operation for this object it is very difficult to prove the expediency of more expensive resources and methods at construction, then it is determined by the minimum requirements. Nevertheless, the object not necessarily has to correspond to its initial state. As a rule, after some time the use of newer technical solutions is appropriate, as well as and paying attention to the requirements, which at a new (initial) construction hadn’t been revealed yet.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.187-195

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