Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2013/1

Vestnik MGSU 2013/1

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1

Articles count - 32

Pages - 243

GENERAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION-RELATED SCIENCES AND OPERATIONS. UNIFICATION AND STANDARDIZATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

FROM CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS TO BUILDING WORKS: THE EUROPEAN INPUT

  • Spehl Pierre - SECO; Université libre de Bruxelles; Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées senior civil engineer Honorary Professor; +32 (0) 2 238-22-11, SECO; Université libre de Bruxelles; Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Rue d’Arlon, 53, B-1040, Brussels, Belgium; Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50, 1050, Brussels, Belgium; 6-8 Avenue Blaise Pascal, Cité Descartes, 77455, Champs-sur-Marne Marne la Vallée cedex 2, France; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-18

The paper gives an overview of the evolution of the construction sector within the European unification process and explains the reasons why this evolution happened, how it was organized and lived, and where it is leading. The links between the main stages of this process and the European legislation specific to the construction sector are presented, and the main prescriptions of the Construction Products Directive are reviewed. The need to express the characteristics of products in terms of performance is emphasized and data are given on the CEN program of harmonized product standards, test methods and calculation methods standards. The CEN standards on construction works such as the EUROCODES are also presented, its impact on existing regulatory systems is discussed and some conclusions are drawn on the added value of the European input to the construction sector.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.7-18

References
  1. Council Directive 89/106/EEC of 21 December 1988. On the Approximation of Laws, Regulations and Administrative Provisions of the Member States Relating to Construction Products. Official Journal of the European Union, L 40, 11 February 1989, p. 12.
  2. Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011 laying down harmonized conditions for the marketing of construction products and repealing Council Directive 89/106/EEC. Official Journal of the European Union, L 88, 4 April 2011, p. 5.
  3. Judgment of the Court of 20 February 1979, Case 120/78, European Court reports 1979, p. 00649.
  4. www.bbri.be EU legislation, Construction Products Directive, CE Marking, Services.
  5. Joint RILEM-ASTM-CIB Symposium “Performance Concept in Buildings”. Proceedings, NBS SPECIAL PUBLICATION 361, 2 vol., 1972.
  6. www.seco.be
  7. R. d’Hav? & P. Spehl. Guide des Performances du B?timent, Syndicat d’Etudes IC-IB. Brussels, 1980, 9 vol.
  8. ISO 6241 “Performance Standards in Building — Principles for Their Preparation and Factors to Be Considered”. Geneva, 1984.
  9. ISO/IEC Guide 2. Standardization and Related Activities. General Vocabulary, ISO, Geneva, 2004.
  10. Directive 2002/91/EC of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings, Official Journal of the European Union, L 001 , 04/01/2003 p. 0065–0071.
  11. Regulation (EC) no.1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH).
  12. Jean Monnet. Memoirs. London, 1978.

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

METHOD OF NOISE ANALYSIS INSIDE LONG PREMISES

  • Antonov Aleksandr Ivanovich - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Construction of Buildings, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-03-82, 63-04-39; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solomatin Evgeniy Olegovich - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) + 7 (4752) 63-09-20; + 7 (4752) 63-03-72, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), Building E, 112 Michurinskaya St., Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tseva Anna Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Architectural and Structural Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospekt, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 19-25

Long rooms often make substantial contributions into the noise energy distribution inside buildings. Application of methods of theoretical geometry to the analysis of sound energy distribution patterns in hallway-like premises can cause considerable errors in the implementation of noise protection actions.The method of noise analysis based on statistical principles is proposed in the article. It originates from one-dimensional quasi-diffusive representation of a sound field in long rooms. Interrelation between the stream and the density gradient of reflected sonic energy, as well as consideration of the energy balance in respect of elements of extended room make it possible to design a mathematical model of a stationary noise field in the form of a differential equation that has boundary conditions. The authors have developed a numerical model of a differential equation based on the statistical energy approach using the Zeydel method of simple iterations, and a software programme designated for the analysis of noise fields of long rooms. The Zeydel method demonstrates its high efficiency as it has proven fast convergence of results and takes up a small amount of computer memory because of the tape-like shape of matrix coefficients of the system equations. Comparison of analytical and experimental data has demonstrated high precision of calculations made for rooms that have various acoustic and spacelanning parameters. The method can be used to design sound proofing actions inside premises of civil and industrial buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.19-25

References
  1. Ledenev V.I. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta shumovykh poley pri proektirovanii proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Statistical Energy-related Methods of the Noise Field Analysis within the Framework of Design of Industrial Buildings]. Tambov, 2000, 156 p.
  2. Ledenev V.I., Makarov A.M. Raschet energeticheskikh parametrov shumovykh poley v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh slozhnoy formy s tekhnologicheskim oborudovaniem [Analysis of Energy Parameters of Noise Fields inside Industrial Premises That Have an Irregular Shape and Accommodate the Process Machinery]. Nauchnyy vestnik VGASU [Scientific Bulletin of Voronesh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. Voronezh, 2008, no. 2 (10), pp. 102—108.
  3. Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V., Kryshov S.I. Inzhenernaya otsenka rasprostraneniya shuma v tonnelyakh i koridorakh [Engineering Assessment of Noise Propagation in Tunnels and Corridors]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gos. un-ta [Proceedings of Southwestern State University]. Kursk, 2011, no. 5 (38), chapter 2, pp. 393—396.
  4. Gusev V.P. Snizhenie shuma v gazovozdushnykh traktakh energeticheskikh ob”ektov [Noise Reduction in Gas-air Flow Ducts of Energy Generating Facilities]. Arkhitekturnaya i stroitel’naya akustika. Shumy i vibratsiy: sb. tr. XI ses. Ros. akust. ob-va. [Architectural and Civil Engineering Acoustics. Noises and Vibrations. Collected works of the 11th session of the Russian Acoustic Society]. Moscow, 2001, vol. 4, pp. 31—42.
  5. Gusev V.P., Solodova M.A. K voprosu o rasprostranenii shuma v krupnogabaritnykh gazovozdushnykh kanalakh [On the Issue of Noise Propagation inside Large-size Gas-air Ducts]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. [ACADEMY. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 211—219.
  6. Gusev V.P., Ledenev V.I., Matveeva I.V. Metod otsenki rasprostraneniya shuma v krupnogabaritnykh gazovozdushnykh traktakh energeticheskikh ob”ektov [Method of Noise Propagation Assessment in Large-size Gas-air Ducts of Energy Generating Facilities]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. [ACADEMY. Architecture and Construction]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 104—107.
  7. Osipov G.L., Yudin E.Ya., Khyubner G.; Osipov G.L., Yudin E.Ya., editors. Snizhenie shuma v zdaniyakh i zhilykh rayonakh [Noise Reduction inside Buildings and in Residential Areas]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987, 558 p.
  8. Korn G., Korn T. Spravochnik po matematike dlya nauchnykh rabotnikov i inzhenerov [Reference Book on Mathematics for Scientists and Engineers]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973, 831 p.
  9. Antonov A.I., Makarov A.M. Svidetel’stvo No 2008610070 o registratsii programmy dlya EVM. Raschet urovney shuma statsionarnogo zvukovogo polya i sredney dliny svobodnogo probega v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh metodom proslezhivaniya zvukovykh luchey [Certificate no. 2008610070 of Software Programme Registration. Analysis of Noise Levels of a Stationary Sound Field and of the Average Free Path Length in Industrial Premises Using Method of Tracing Sound Beams]. Published on 01.09.2008 in the Russian Federation.
  10. Antonov A.I., Makarov A.M. Svidetel’stvo No 2008610131 o registratsii programmy dlya EVM. Raschet shumovogo polya v proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniyakh s tekhnologicheskim oborudovaniem kombinirovannym geometricheskim-statisticheskim metodom [Certificate no. 2008610131 of Software Programme Registration. Noise Field Analysis in Industrial Premises That Accommodate Process Machinery Using an Integrated Method of Geometry and Statistics]. Published on 01.09.2008 in the Russian Federation.

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IMPLEMENTED MODERNIZATION OF BUILDINGS OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS: CASE STUDY OF INSTITUTES OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH

  • Bantserova Ol’ga Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architectural Sci- ences, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Loginov Igor’ Yur’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 26-34

The article covers the problems of modernization of buildings of research institutions and, in particular, the future use of existing buildings, that is, their restructuring and adjustment to new objectives, or demolition and construction of new buildings instead of demolished ones. The authors highlight functional, technological, structural and compositional constituents of this problem. The authors provide examples of buildings restructured both in Russia through the involvement of the authors, and worldwide. Their conclusions represent a list of major issues that need to be resolved as part of the decision-making process concerning the future use of buildings:availability of layout plans of the building to accommodate the proposed functional processes as well as flexibility in terms of any future changes;assessment of potential improvement of the architectural environment in terms of reduction of functional connections, provision of formal and informal communications, and improvement of visual connections;the load bearing capacity of building structures, including floors and ceilings slabs;sufficiency of the floor height;suitability of existing technical rooms and shafts and possibility of their extension to assure a flexible layout;assessment of the working capacity and service life of structural elements of the building;selection of the applicable technology and sequence of works to ensure a minimal impact produced on the operation of an enterprise; the need for temporary facilities and the cost of relocation of existing services and business units.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.26-34

References
  1. Braybrooke S., Goodman H., Gold B. Proektirovanie nauchno-issledovatel’skikh tsentrov [Design for Research. Principles of Laboratory Architecture] Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 198 p.
  2. Cordes S., Holzkamm I. Forschungszentren und Laborgebaeude. Organisation, bauliche Konzeption und Ressourcenplanung fuer Forschungsgebaeude der Biowissenschaften, Chemie und Nanotechnologie. HIS, Forum Hochschule, 9/2007, 185 p.
  3. H?lting A. Sanierung des Chemiehochhauses an der Universit?t T?bungen [Renovation of chemistry building at the University of T?bungen]. Vortrag HIS Workshop “Forschungszentren und Laborgeb?ude” am 28. Juni 2007 in Hannover. Available at: http://www.his.de/publikation/seminar/Forschungszentren. Date of access: August 2, 2012.
  4. Groemling D. Tipologiya nauchno-issledovatel’skikh sooruzheniy [Typology of Research Facilities]. DETAIL Russia. Series 2010, no. 9, pp. 866—885.
  5. Mack P. Sanierung oder Neubau? Sanierung des Chemiekomplexes der Universit?t W?rzburg [Rehabilitation or new construction? Rehabilitation of the complex chemistry of the University of W?rzburg]. Forum Hochschulbau 2012: “Sanierung von Hochschulgeb?uden – Sanierungsplanung als Bestandteil der Baulichen Hochschulentwicklung” am 13. Juni 2012 in Hannover. Available at: http://www.his.de/publikation/seminar/Forum_Hochschulbau_062012. Date of access: Aug 2, 2012.
  6. Blinkov S.V. Printsipy rekonstruktsii predpriyatiy khimicheskoy promyshlennosti [Principles of Restructuring of Chemical Industry Enterprises]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Construction Mechanization]. 2008, no. 8, pp. 2—6.
  7. Savel’ev B.A., Platonov Yu.P., Metan’ev D.A., Frezinskaya N.R. Proektirovanie zdaniy nauchnogo naznacheniya [Design of Buildings to Accommodate Research Facilities]. Vestnik RAN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 1975, no. 9, pp. 88—101.
  8. Frezinskaya N.R. Issledovatel’ i ego material’naya sreda [Researcher and His Material Environment]. Vestnik RAN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2007, vol. 77, no 12, pp. 1089—1099.
  9. Sergeev K.I., Kuleshova G.I. Territorial’no-gradostroitel’nye aspekty organizatsii tekhnoparkovykh struktur [Territorial and Urban Aspects of Organization of Technology Parks]. Vestnik RAN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2007, vol. 77, no. 12, pp. 1100—1106.
  10. Isakova S.A. Metody ob”emno-planirovochnoy modernizatsii uchebnykh zdaniy universitetov (na primere Yuzhnogo federal’nogo universiteta) [Methods of Spatial Modernization of Educational Buildings of Universities (Exemplifi ed by Southern Federal University)]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Arkhitekton: News of Institutions of Higher Education]. December 2011, no. 36. Available at: http://www.archvuz.ru. Date of access: September 5, 2012.

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PLANS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNDERGROUND SPACE OF MOSCOW

  • Belyaev Valeriy L’vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 35-46

Cities tend to widely employ their underground space whenever selection of the model of compact spatial development is under discussion. There’s been growth in the complexity of approaches (“underground cities” of Canada and Japan), their planning, validity, consistency of implementation (master plans of underground areas of cities in Finland, the Netherlands, China, Singapore, etc.).Moscow still lags behind in terms of the scale and complexity of its “Urban Underground Space”, although the city has everything in place to transfer its engineering and transportation facilities, social, scientific and industrial infrastructure under the ground. Initial steps have already been made (The Concept for the Underground Space Development and Principal Trends for the Underground Development of Moscow, parts of the City Master Plan for the period up to 2025 provide for the planned goals in the underground development of each functional area).However, new political and economic realities require a systemic consideration of the problem and improvement of conceptual approaches, as the underground space is an integral part of the developed area. In this regard, substantial reform of the public administration in this area is necessary, first of all, in the field of spatial planning, as well as coordination of the underground planning with the adjacent sectors of the economic activity, adequate development of the system of legal, information and other types of support, urban regulation and engineering research, primarily on the federal level. Successful fundraising needs an adequate mechanism of assessment of the social and economic efficiency of development of the underground space of cities.Even if new territories are annexed to Moscow, the issue of underground development remains of vital importance. This is a rare opportunity to address the ambitious task of creating a unique comfortable environment for Muscovites to assure the sustainable development of the territory according to the Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation. Therefore, any amendment into the Master Plan of the city needs a differentiated assessment of expediency of any underground construction project in each area under consideration, including the assessment of planning options and further selection of the most reasonable ones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.35-46

References
  1. Osnovopolagayushchie printsipy ustoychivogo prostranstvennogo razvitiya Evropeyskogo kontinenta [Founding Principles for Sustainable Development of the European Continent]. Available at: http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/heritage/cemat/VersionPrincipes/Russe.pdf. Date of access: 29.10.2012.
  2. Korotaev V.P. Moskva: gradostroitel’nyy potentsial podzemnogo prostranstva [Moscow: Urban Development Potential of the Underground Space]. Grado: zhurnal o gradostroitel’stve i arkhitekture [Grado: Magazine of Urban Development and Architecture]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 71—81.
  3. Belyaev V.L. Osnovy podzemnogo gradoustroystva [Fundamentals of the Underground Development of Cities]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 198 ð.
  4. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva Moskvy ot 19.11.2009 no. 1049-PP «O gorodskoy programme podgotovki k kompleksnomu gradostroitel’nomu osvoeniyu podzemnogo prostranstva goroda Moskvy na period 2009—2011 gg.». [Resolution of the Government of Moscow of 19.11.2009 no. 1049-pp “On the Urban Programme for the Integrated Development of the Urban Underground Space of the City of Moscow for the Period between 2009 and 2011].
  5. Zakon RSFSR ot 21.02.1992 N 2395-1 «O nedrakh» [Law of the Russian Federal Soviet Socialist Republic of 21.02.1992 no. 2395-1 «On Subsoils»]. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/popular/nedr/. Date of access: 29.10.2012.
  6. Zakon goroda Moskvy «O General’nom plane goroda Moskvy» [Moscow City Law “On the Master Plan of the City of Moscow]. Available at: http://www. mka.mos.ru/mka/mka.nsf/va_WebPages/Genplan_2010-17zmRus. Date of access: 29.10.2012.
  7. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva Moskvy ot 03.10.2011 ¹ 460-PP «Ob utverzhdenii Gosudarstvennoy programmy goroda Moskvy «Gradostroitel’naya politika» na 2012—2016 gg.» [Resolution of the Government of Moscow of 03.10.2011 no. 460-pp “On Approval of the State Urban Programme of Moscow “Urban Policy” for 2012-2016]. Available at: http://www.http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=MLAW;n=134756. Date of access: 29.10.2012.
  8. Gradostroitel’nyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation]. Available at: http://www. base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;(n)= 12279. Date of access: 29.10.2012.

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EXPERT ANALYSIS APPROACH TO THE SITING OF MINING ENTERPRISES (EXEMPLIFIED BY KLEN GOLD AND SILVER DEPOSIT)

  • Bryukhan Fedor Fedorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) +7 (495) 922-83-19, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lebedev Viktor Vadimovich - OOO Regional’naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya Project Manager, OOO Regional’naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya, Building 1, 4 Sadovnicheskaya St., Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 47-58

Any selection of sites to accommodate mining enterprises (ME) shall inflict a minimal damage to the environment and humans. Consideration of environmental effects caused by various factors of anthropogenic impacts and development of environmental protection plans involve the assessment of their significance.The authors explain the methodology of substantiation of optimal siting of mining enterprises exemplified by Klen gold and silver deposit in Bilibin region of Chukot Autonomous District. Ranking of impacts produced by various factors serves as the basis for the procedure of the site selection. SWOT analysis of these factors must be completed. The factors of pollution and violation of the geological environment, pollution of surface waters and the water intake, atmospheric pollution, impacts produced on flora and fauna, and physical effects are discussed.A ranking pattern must be customized for each mining enterprise due to the wide variety of features that mining enterprises demonstrate (production patterns and technologies, master plans, natural and anthropogenic conditions).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.47-58

References
  1. Bryukhan' A.F., Bryukhan' F.F., Potapov A.D. Inzhenerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva teplovykh elektrostantsiy [Engineering and Ecological Surveying for Construction of Thermal Power Plants]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 192 p.
  2. Bryukhan' F.F., Lebedev V.V. Otsenka khimicheskogo zagryazneniya pochv, gruntov i donnykh otlozheniy na zoloto-serebryanom mestorozhdenii «Klen» [Assessment of the Chemical Pollution of Soils, Ground and Bottom Sediments at Klen Gold and Silver Deposit]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 150—155.
  3. Lebedev V.V. Skhema ranzhirovaniya faktorov tekhnogennogo vozdeystviya gornorudnykh predpriyatiy na okruzhayushchuyu sredu i cheloveka [Pattern of Ranking of Factors of Anthropogenic Impacts Produced by Mining Enterprises on the Environment and Humans]. Vestnik MGOU. Ser. «Estestvennye nauki» [Proceedings of Moscow State Open University. Natural Sciences Series]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 110—117.
  4. SNiP 11-01—95. Instruktsiya o poryadke razrabotki, soglasovaniya, utverzhdeniya i sostave proektnoy dokumentatsii na stroitel'stvo predpriyatiy, zdaniy i sooruzheniy. [Instructions for the Procedure of Development, Coordination, Approval and Composition of the Project Documentation Package Required for the Construction of Enterprises, Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1995, 17 p.
  5. SNiP 11-02—96. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva. Osnovnye polozheniya. [Construction Norms and Rules 11-02—96. Engineering Surveys for Construction Purposes. Basic Provisions]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1997, 44 p.
  6. SP 11-102—97. Inzhenerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva [Construction Rules 11-102—97. Engineering and Environmental Surveys for Construction Purposes]. Moscow, PNIIIS Publ., 1997, 41 p.
  7. Dibb S., Simkin L. The Market Segmentation Workbook: Target Marketing for Marketing Managers. London, Cengage Learning EMEA, 1996, 219 p.

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URBAN PLANNING IN THE SPATIOTEMPORAL DOMAIN (PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT)

  • Skvortsova Lyudmila Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 59-65

The author proposes a historical and philosophical approach to the problem of correlation between the life activity and the urban environment. Urban planning and development demonstrate different features in different historical epochs. Intensive growth of cities and their population cause us to use philosophical terms, such as motion, time and space. These are the basic terms of the town planning practice.In the ancient world, urban planning absorbed philosophical ideas and ideas of the nascent science. Aristotle defines motion as transition from possibility to reality. Architectural and engineering solutions integrate the notion of space into the town planning and demonstrate aspiration into the future and its desired perfection.Architecture is most philosophical constituent of the town planning practice. Architecture implements the ideas of town planning through the principles of steadiness, statics, tectonics, representation of structures in artistic figures, and constituent elements of motion as a conception of time.Motion and duration of events and phenomena are the measure of time. Mathematics concretizes the essence of space, defines spatial notions of point, line, segment, plane, and volume.The end of the 20th century brought abrupt changes in town planning. It depended on intensive advancements in science and technology, spontaneous expansion of cities and emergence of new spatial forms for the humankind. In modern architecture, there is a need for new methods of town building. Spiritual values became relevant. Now the urban environment is to embody new values. There is a need for special qualities of the urban building: the urban environment should take account of psychosocial, visual and behavioral aspects of perception of spatial objects. The most important factor is the human one. These ideas constitute the spirit of time; they must have some aesthetic content, so that people could be proud of their houses, localities and towns. The works ofEuropean architect James Frazer serve as the example of this point of view.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.59-65

References
  1. Kositskiy Ya.V., Blagovidova N.G. Osnovy teorii planirovki i zastroyki gorodov [Fundamentals of the Theory of Planning and Development of Cities]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2007, 76 p.
  2. Nizhnikov S.A. Istoriya fi losofi i [History of Philosophy]. Moscow, INFRA-Ì Publ., 2012, 336 p.
  3. Markov V.V. Zabota o sebe v antichnoy fi losofi i. Filosofskaya antropologiya [Self-regard in Ancient Philosophy. Philosophical Anthropology]. St.Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2008, 352 p.
  4. Aristotel’. Politika. Metafi zika. Analitika [Politics. Metaphysics. Analytics]. Moscow, Eksmo Publ., St.Petersburg, Midgrad Publ., 2008, 960 p.
  5. Popov N.A. Sushchnost’ vremeni i otnositel’nost’ [The Essence of Time and Relativity]. Moscow, Knizhnyy Dom Publ., Librokom Publ., 2009, 316 p.
  6. Leon-Battista Al’berti. Desyat’ knig o zodchestve [Ten Books on Architecture]. Moscow, Vsesoyuznaya Akademiya Arkhitektury [All-Soviet Academy of Architecture]. 1935, 391 p.
  7. Azarenkova Z.V. Transportnaya sostavlyayushchaya sotsial’nykh standartov kachestva zhizni v gradostroitel’stve [Transport Constituent of Social Standards of the Quality of Life in Urban Development]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Residential Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 49—50.
  8. Karabushchenko P.L. Ideya lichnosti v razvitii cheloveka [The Idea of Personality in Development of Man]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo filosofskogo obshchestva [Bulletin of the Russian Philosophical Society]. 2012, no. 2(62), pp. 60—66.
  9. Il’ichev V.A., Karimov A.M., Kolgunov V.I., Aleksashina V.V., Bakaeva N.V., Kobeleva S.A. Prilozhenie k proektu doktriny gradostroitel’stva i rasseleniya [Annex to Draft Doctrine of Urban Development and Settlement]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Residential Housing Construction]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 2—10.
  10. Volynkov V.E. Evolyutsiya kak strategiya proektirovaniya i dizayna v nelineynoy arkhitekture [Evolution as a Strategy of Planning and Design in the Nonlinear Architecture]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Residential Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 2—6.

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PHENOMENON OF «SITE» AND «NON-SITE» IN THE POST-INDUSTRIAL CITY

  • Skopina Maria Valentinovna - Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNGASU) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Senior Lecturer; +7 (831) 430-54-92, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNGASU), 65 Il’inskaya St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 66-71

In the first part of the article, notions of «τόπος» and «hora» are opposed as the archetypes of «the place». For example, a more exact size of a place (the size that appeals to the characteristics of “topos”) can be defined using cartographical terms measured a priori or through the connection with other places. As for the size of “hora”, it is characterized by a certain degree of relativity. In the second part of the article, subjective and objective connections of a person and a place are analyzed. Etienne Souriau`s point of view is cited as an example. According to his opinion, a certain part of the space can represent a place on condition that it is the subject of cognition. Also, Georges Perec`s view is considered, according to which a measurable size of a place doesn`t always coincide with a perceptional, tangible size (which is a characteristic of “hora”). A similar reflection can be found in Martin Heidegger`s, Maurice Merleau-Ponty`s, Georges Didi-Huberman`s researches. Positions of representatives of the humanistic geography are studied. They believe that a place has a size of “hora”, not a topographical size. That is, a place is determined not through geographical coordinates (a position in space) but through the meaning which people attribute to a certain part of space.The third part of the article has the author’s reflections about the fact that the 20th century brought the notion of «non-place» as opposed to the notion of «place». This term was introduced by French anthropologist Marc Augé. The notion of «non-place» is opposed to the notion of «anthropological place» (lieu antropologique), that is opposed to the place which has anthropological characteristics. «Non-places» are spaces without their own sense and purpose. They give rise to new scales of communication, relations and movements in the post-industrial society.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.66-71

References
  1. Rey-Debove J. and Rey A., editors. Le nouveau petit Robert. Paris, Dictionnaire Le Robert, 2000, 2949 p.
  2. Berque A. Les raisons du paysage. Paris, Hazan Publ., 1995, 192 p.
  3. Souriau Å., Souriau A. Vocabulaire d’esth?tique. Paris, PUF Publ., 2010, 1472 p.
  4. Malnic E. Folies de jardin. Paris, Ch?ne Publ., 1996, 143 p.
  5. Yi-Fu Tuan. Espace et lieu; la perspective de l’exp?rience. Paris, Infolio Publ., 220 ð.
  6. Martin Heidegger. Stroit’, zhit’, myslit’. [To Building, to Live, to Deliberate]. Essais et conf?rences (1958). Traduit de l’allemand par Andr? Pr?au. Gallimard Publ., Paris, 2003, pp. 182—183.
  7. Merleau-Ponty M. L’oeil et l’esprit. Paris, Gallimard, 2007, 93 p.
  8. Aug? Ì. Non-lieux, introduction ? une antropologie de la surmodernit?. Paris, Seuil Publ., 1992, 155 p.

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

RATIOS OF HARDNESS NUMBERS IN CALCULATIONS OF STATIC AND CYCLICAL STRENGTH OF STRUCTURAL TYPES OF STEELS

  • Gustov Yuriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Machinery, Machine Elements and Process Metallurgy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-94-95; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kurtenok Nikolay Prokof’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Machinery, Details of Machines and Technology of Metals; +7 (499) 183-94-95, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Voronina Irina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Building and Hoisting Machinery, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 182-16-87; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Allattouf Hassan Lattouf - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanical Machin- ery, Details of Machines and Technology of Metals, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 72-78

Results of calculations of values of static and cyclical strength of steels used in the structural design and based on the method of experimental and analytical coordination of hardness numbers are presented in the article. Strength measurements taken on the basis of the Rockwell method make it possible to research into the strength characteristics of small-size samples of steel in cases of restoration and inspection of the technical condition of the metalwork. Besides, the Rockwell method is universal and faster than the Brinell method.Thus, the availability of hardness values of small-size samples makes it possible to provide a definition of standard indicators of static and cyclical strength. Moreover, development of the definition of structural and power (synergetic) criteria of reliability of metalsusing the equation of relative strength turn into reality. The solution to this equation ofuniform plastic deformations of dmakes it possible to identify S , S , W , W values.р B K P C The initial experimental value of the hardness number may be used to calculate avariety of static and cyclical properties of steel and to identify the standard strength group and the approximate steel type counterpart.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.72-78

References
  1. Gulyaev A.P. Metallovedenie [Metallurgy]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1986, 541 p.
  2. Fridman Ya.B. Mekhanicheskie svoystva metallov. Ch. 2. Konstruktsionnaya prochnost’ [Mechanical Properties of Metals. Part 2. Structural Strength]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1974, 368 p.
  3. Tylkin M.A. Spravochnik termista remontnoy sluzhby [Reference Book for a Heat Treater of Repair Services]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1981, 647 p.
  4. Kolesnikov K.S., Balandin G.F., Dal’skiy A.M. Tekhnologicheskie osnovy obespecheniya kachestva mashin [Technology-related Fundamentals of Machinery Quality Assurance]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1990, 256 p.
  5. Gustov Yu.I., Allattuf H.L. Issledovanie sinergeticheskikh pokazateley vysokoprochnoy stroitel’noy stali 14Kh2GMR posle termicheskoy obrabotki [Research of Synergetic Properties of High-Strength Structural Steel 14x2gmr in the Aftermath of Exposure to Heat Treatment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 79—82.
  6. Gustov Yu.I., Voronina I.V., Allattuf H.L. Issledovanie sinergeticheskikh pokazateley nadezhnosti maloperlitnoy stroitel’noy stali 09g2fb [Research of Synergetic Reliability of Pearlite-reduced Structural Steel 09g2fb]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 159—162.
  7. Arzamasov B.N., Solov’eva T.V., Gerasimov S.A. Spravochnik po konstruktsionnym materialam [Structural Materials Reference Book]. Moscow, MGTU im. N.E. Baumana Publ., 2005, 640 p.
  8. Akulov I.A., Alekseev E.K., Dmitriev I.S. Spravochnik po spetsial’nym rabotam. Svarochnye raboty v stroitel’stve. Ch. 1 [Reference Book on Special-purpose Works. Welding works in Construction. Part 1]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu publ., 1971, 464 p.
  9. Babichev A.P., Babus hkina N.A., Bratkovskiy A.M. Fizicheskie velichiny: spravochnik [Physical Values. Reference Book]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1991, 1232 p.

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MONOLITHIC WAFFLE SLAB FLOORS OF BUILDINGS

  • Malakhova Anna Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete Structures, Department of Archi- tectural and Structural Design; +7 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 30-35; +7 (495) 583-07-65, ext. 17-65., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79-86

The author proposes a structural solution of monolithic slab floors of buildings,10x10 m. It is a kind of a monolithic slab with intersecting beams (span of beams — 2 m). The use of monolithic waffle slabs instead of flat slabs reduces consumption of concrete by the floor structure. Reduced thickness of monolithic waffle slab floors is much smaller than the thickness of a flat slab, but its total thickness increases, depending on the height of the beam.Monolithic waffle slab floors were calculated by the author using analytical and computer methods. The results of calculations completed using LIRA software system were significantly (about 50 %) different from the calculation results based on the analytical methodology. In computer calculations, the floor slab is considered as a beam-edge slab. Whereas according to the analytical method of calculation, intersecting beams are considered separately, and slabs between them are also calculated independently.However, the construction and subsequent behaviour of the floor calculated using the analytical method, make it possible to consider this method of calculation as reliable. It should be noted that the real behaviour of monolithic wafer slab floor differs from the ideal computer simulation model which ignores the redistribution of forces inside reinforced concrete structures. On the other hand, simplified patterns of analytical calculations fail to reproduce the real behaviour of structures. Therefore, the results of both calculations were taken into account in the design.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.79-86

References
  1. Meyer-Boe V. Stroitel’nye konstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Constructions of Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, pp. 200—201.
  2. Vakhnenko P.F., editor. Raschet i konstruirovanie chastey zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy. Spravochnik proektirovshchika [Calculation and Structural Analysis of Elements of Residential and Public Buildings. Designer’s Reference Book]. Kiev, 1987, pp. 281—285.
  3. SP 52-101—2003. Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii bez predvaritel’nogo napryazheniya armatury [Set of Rules 52-101—2003. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures Free from Pre-stressing of the Reinforcement]. Moscow, 2005, 54 p.
  4. Posobie po proektirovaniyu betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy iz tyazhelogo betona bez predvaritel’nogo napryazheniya armatury (k SP 52-101—2003) [Manual on Design of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures Made of Heavy Concrete and Pre-stressingfree Reinforcement (based on Set of Rules 52-101—2003)]. Moscow, TsNIIPromzdaniy Publ., NIIZhB Publ., 2005, 214 p.
  5. Dykhovichnyy Yu.A. Zhilye i obshchestvennye zdaniya: kratkiy spravochnik inzhenerakonstruktora [Residential and Public Buildings. Quick Reference Book for Design Engineers]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1991, pp. 207—212.
  6. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp’yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [Computer Models of Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 360 p.

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USING SMALL CELLULAR CONCRETE BLOCKS TO MAKE BEARING WALLS OF MID-RISE BUILDINGS

  • Malakhova Anna Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete Structures, Department of Archi- tectural and Structural Design; +7 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 30-35; +7 (495) 583-07-65, ext. 17-65., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Balakshin Andrey Sergeevich - Stroitel’no-tekhnicheskiy kontrol’ Limited Liability Company Candidate of Technical Sciences, General Director; +7 (495) 926-07-07, Stroitel’no-tekhnicheskiy kontrol’ Limited Liability Company, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Building 19, 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect.

Pages 87-93

The authors argue that bearing walls of buildings that have up to four stories can be designed and made of small cellular concrete blocks. These walls demonstrate advantages specific to solid masonry walls. For example, they have high water vapor permeability. Whenever the internal humidity increases, half of the moisture content can be extracted from the masonry due to the water vapour permeability of external walls, while the other half of the moisture content can go back into the room (due to the sorption capacity of the wall material). Furthermore, any lower density wall material has smaller heat absorption capacity to ensure a comfortable environment.The application of small cellular concrete blocks as a wall material is an alternative to thoroughly insulated multi-layer external walls. The authors present options of structural solutions of external walls of buildings.It is noteworthy that due to the relatively low strength of cellular concrete, walls have a low bearing capacity. Cellular concretes are brittle.Control tests of small cellular concrete blocks made in the natural environment do not always prove the desired compressive strength. In addition, strength properties of small cellular concrete wall blocks may vary. The authors present their findings in terms of their examination of the technical condition of mid-rise buildings that have walls made of small cellular concrete blocks. The authors consider the reasons for the defects of walls made of small cellular concrete blocks.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.87-93

References
  1. Glikin S.M. Sovremennye ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii i energoeffektivnost’ zdaniy [Modern Envelope Structures and Energy Efficiency of Buildings]. Moscow, 2003, 57 p.
  2. Ditrikh Kh. Povyshenie nadezhnosti konstruktsiy zdaniy pri modernizatsii [Improvement of Reliability of Structures of Buildings through Modernization]. Moscow, 1993, pp. 60—69.
  3. SNiP II-22—81*. Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii [Construction Norms and Rules II-22—81*. Masonry and Reinforced Masonry Structures]. Moscow, 2007, 40 p.
  4. Posobie po proektirovaniyu kamennykh i armokamennykh konstruktsiy (k SNiP II-22—81) [Manual of Design of Masonry and Reinforced Masonry Structures (based on SNIP II-22—81)]. Moscow, 1987, 152 p.
  5. Rekomendatsii po primeneniyu stenovykh melkikh blokov iz yacheistykh betonov [Recommendations for Use of Small Wall Blocks Made of Cellular Concrete]. Moscow, TsNIISK im V.A. Kucherenko publ., 1992, 58 p.

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DURABILITY OF THREE-LAYERED WALLS WITH BRICK FACING THAT PROVIDES HIGH THERMAL PROTECTION

  • Umnyakova Nina Pavlovna - Scientific and Research Institute of Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) +7 (495) 482-39-67, Scientific and Research Institute of Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 94-100

The author examines possible reasons for the fracturing of external three – layered walls that have an efficient insulation of the thickness of 120 — 150 mm. The external wall layer is made of bricks. A comparative analysis of the temperature distribution inside the walls has demonstrated that the full-depth frost penetration into the brick facing of the wall that has 120 mm insulation occurs when the outside temperature is below –1 °C. However, the same effect occurs when the outside temperature is below –3 °C in respect of walls that have 50 mm insulation.If the average monthly temperature pattern, particularly the autumn one, is taken into consideration, in the event of the average November temperature of –2.2 °C the chance of full — depth wall freezing is higher if the insulation layer is thicker, and lower, if the insulation layer is 50 mm thick. The analysis of average monthly temperatures and ranges of their fluctuations has revealed that full-depth wall freezing lasts for 6 months, if the insulation layer is 120 mm thick, and if the insulation layer is thinner, the effect lasts only for 4 months. These calculations have proven that the thicker the insulation, the higher the temperature deformations and temperature stresses within the outside brick layer. These effects accelerate the fracturing of three — layered walls.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.94-100

References
  1. SNiP II-3—79*. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika [Construction Norms and Rules II-3—79*. Heat Engineering in Construction]. Moscow, Gosstroy SSSR Publ., 1985.
  2. SNiP 23-02—2003. Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy [Construction Norms and Rules 23-02—2003. Thermal Protection of Buildings]. Moscow, Gosstroy SSSR Publ., 2004, 26 p.
  3. Shubin I.L., Umnyakova N.P. Aktualizirovannye stroitel’nye normy po zashchite ot shuma, estestvennomu i iskusstvennomu osveshcheniyu i teplovoy zashchite zdaniy, razrabotannye NIISF RAASN [Revised Construction Norms Applicable to Noise Protection, Natural and Artificial Illumination and Thermal Protection of Buildings Developed by Scientific and Research Institute of Building Physics of RAACS]. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii «Sovremennye innovatsionnye tekhnologii izyskaniy, proektirovaniya i stroitel’stva v usloviyakh Kraynego Severa [Works of International Conference on Advanced Innovative Technologies of Surveying, Design and Construction in the Far North]. Yakutsk, 8—10 August, 2012, pp. 40—54.
  4. Fokin K.F. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika ograzhdayushchikh chastey zdaniy [Heat Engineering of Envelope Elements of Buildings]. Moscow, 2006, 256 p.
  5. SNiP 23-01—99. Stroitel’naya klimatologiya [Construction Norms and Rules 23-01—99. Construction Climatology]. Moscow, 2011, 94 p.
  6. SNiP 2.01.01—82. Stroitel’naya klimatologiya i geofi zika. [Construction Norms and Rules 2.01.01—82. Construction Climatology and Geophysics]. Moscow, Gosstroy SSSR Publ., 1983, 136 p.
  7. Umnyakova N.P. Vliyanie temperaturnykh kolebaniy naruzhnogo vozdukha na obrazovanie kondensata v vozdushnoy prosloyke ventiliruemykh fasadov [Infl uence of Temperature Fluctuations of the Outside Air onto Formation of Condensate within the Air Space of Ventilated Facades]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie i tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Machinery and Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2004, no. 7, pp. 65—67.
  8. Umnyakova N.P. Vozvedenie energoeffektivnykh zdaniy v tselyakh umen’sheniya negativnogo vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [Erection of Energy Efficient Buildings with a View to Reduction of the Negative Impact onto the Environment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, vol. 2, pp. 459—464.
  9. Umnyakova N.P., Egorova T.S., Belogurov P.B., Andreytseva K.S. Povyshenie energoeffektivnosti zdaniy za schet povysheniya teplotekhnicheskoy odnorodnosti naruzhnykh sten v zone sopryazheniya s balkonnymi plitami [Improvement of the Energy Efficiency of Buildings through Improvement of Thermal Engineering Homogeneity of External Walls in the Zone of Interface with Balcony Slabs]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 19—21.
  10. Umnyakova N.P. Osobennosti proektirovaniya energoeffektivnykh zdaniy, umen’shayushchikh negativnoe vliyanie na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [Design of Energy Efficient Buildings Capable of Mitigating the Negative Impact onto the Environment]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Proceedings of South-Western State University]. 2011, no. 5, part 2, pp. 33—38.

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ENERGY METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF STABILITY OF COMPRESSED RODS WITH REGARD FOR CREEPING

  • Chepurnenko Anton Sergeevich - Don State Technical University (DGTU) Candidate of Engineering Science, teaching assistant of the strength of materials department, Don State Technical University (DGTU), 162 Sotsialisticheskaya str., Rostov-on-Don, 344022; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Andreev Vladimir Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chair, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Yazyev Batyr Meretovich - Rostov State University of Civil Engineering (RSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Depart- ment of Strength of Materials; +7 (863) 201-91-09, Rostov State University of Civil Engineering (RSUCE), 162 Sotsialisticheskaya St., Rostov-on-Don, 344022, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-108

The problem of stability of polymer rods with account for creeping was resolved using the energy method customized by Tymoshenko and Ritz. Possible patterns of displacements were provided in the form of trigonometric series with undetermined coefficients. The principle of the minimal total potential energy of the system was taken as the basis. According to this principle, the form in which the potential energy has a minimum value is implemented in all possible patterns of deformation occurring due to the loss of stability. The energy method makes it possible to replace the solution of complex differential equations by the solution of simple linear algebraic equations. The result was obtained numerically using MatLab software applicable to different equations describing deformations and stresses caused by the exposure to creeping. The problem was solved for low and high density polyethylene. The equation of Maxwell and Thompson was

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.101-108

References
  1. Aleksandrov A.V. Soprotivlenie materialov. Osnovy teorii uprugosti i plastichnosti [Strength of Materials. Fundamentals of the Theory of Elasticity and Plasticity]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2002, 400 p.
  2. Klimenko E.S., Amineva E.H., Litvinov S.V., Yazyev S.B., Kulinich I.I. Ustoychivost’ szhatykh neodnorodnykh sterzhney s uchetom fi zicheskoy nelineynosti materiala [Stability of Compressed Heterogeneous Rods with Account for the Physical Nonlinearity of the Material]. Rostov-on-Don, Rostov State University of Civil Engineering Publ., 2012, 77 p.
  3. Alfutov N.A. Osnovy rascheta na ustoychivost’ uprugikh system [Fundamentals of Stability Analysis of Elastic Systems]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1991, 336 p.
  4. Vol’mir A.S. Ustoychivost’ deformiruemykh system [Stability of Deformable Systems]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1975, 984 p.
  5. Timoshenko S.P. Ustoychivost’ uprugikh system [Stability of Elastic Systems]. Moscow, Gostekhizdat Publ., 1946.
  6. Andreev V.I. Nekotorye zadachi i metody mekhaniki neodnorodnykh tel [Some Problems and Methods of Mechanics of Heterogeneous Bodies]. Moscow, ASV Pub., 2002, 288 p.
  7. Turusov R.A. Temperaturnye napryazheniya i relaksatsionnye yavleniya v osesimmetrichnykh zadachakh mekhaniki zhestkikh polimerov [Thermal Stresses and Relaxation Phenomena in Axisymmetric Problems of Mechanics of Rigid Polymers]. Moscow, 1970, 104 p.
  8. Belous P.A. Ustoychivost’ polimernogo sterzhnya pri polzuchesti s uchetom nachal’noy krivizny [Stability of a Polymer Rod Exposed to Creeping with Regard for Its Initial Curvature]. Trudy Odesskogo politekhnicheskogo instituta [Works of Odessa Polytechnic Institute]. 2001, no. 2, pp. 43—46.
  9. Gurevich G.I. Deformiruemost’ sred i rasprostranenie seysmicheskikh voln [Deformability of Media and Propagation of Seismic Waves]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 482 p.
  10. Gol’dman A.Ya. Prochnost’ konstruktsionnykh plastmass [Structural Plastic Strength]. Leningrad, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1979, 320 p.

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BEDDINGS AND FOUNDATIONS, SUBTERRANEAN STRUCTURES

CREEP AND LONG-TERM BEARING CAPACITY OF LONG PILES SUBMERGED INTO THE CLAY SOIL MASSIF

  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) +7 (499) 261-59-88, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sidorov Vitaliy Valentinovich - National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department Soil Mechanics and Geotechnics, Researcher at the Research and Education Center «Geotechnics», National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ter-Martirosyan Karen Zavenovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 109-115

Interaction between long piles and the adjacent soil has a spatial and temporal nature. This phenomenon is based on a set of non-linear and rheological properties of soils. Distribution of lateral forces between the surface and the pile toe is heavily dependent on the above properties. The process of formation of the stress-strain state around the pile can demonstrate decaying, constant or progressive velocity depending on the rheological processes in the soil that may be accompanied by hardening and softening processes at one and the same time. These processes may be caused by destruction and restoration of ties between clay soil particles, soil compaction and de-compaction. Predominance of the process of hardening leads to damping, while predominance of the process of softening causes progressive destruction. Description of this multi-component process depends on the rheological model of the soil. This research is based on the modified rheological model originally designed by Maxwell. The authors consider solutions to the problem of quantification of the stressstrain state of soil around the pile and their interaction. This research makes it possible to project motion patterns of long piles over the time and evaluate the limit of their long-term bearing capacity.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.109-115

References
  1. Vyalov S.S. Reologicheskie osnovy mekhaniki gruntov [Rheological Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ.,1978, 442 p.
  2. Meschyan S.R. Eksperimental’nye osnovy reologii glinistykh gruntov [Experimental Fundamentals of Rheology of Clay Soils]. Moscow, 2008, 805 p.
  3. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 550 p.
  4. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Nguen Zang Nam. Vzaimodeystvie svay bol’shoy dliny s neodnorodnym massivom s uchetom nelineynykh i reologicheskikh svoystv gruntov [Interaction between Long Piles and a Heterogeneous Massif with Account for Non-linear and Rheological Properties of Soils]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 3—14.

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ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND EXAMINATION OF BUILDINGS. SPECIAL-PURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSIONAT THE CONSTRUCTION SITE OF NIZHEGORODSKAYA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

  • Bryukhan’ Andrey Fedorovich - GrafProektStroyIzyskaniya Limited Liability Company +7 (495) 637-67-71, GrafProektStroyIzyskaniya Limited Liability Company, 1 Fab- richnaya Str., Schelkovo, Moscow Region, 141100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 116-124

A study of the climatic conditions of the atmospheric dispersion has been performed within the framework of a hydrometeorological survey of the site of Nizhegorodskaya NPP (Navashino district, Nizhny Novgorod Region).According to the findings of annual synchronous observations performed at the NPP site and at the principal aerological station of Nizhny Novgorod in the median months of seasons, as well as the climatic data analysis over the region, representativeness of data generated at the principal station in relation to the NPP site data has been identified. In particular, it is proven that components of the wind velocity vector at the site and at the principal aerological station differ insignificantly. Analyses of characteristics of the atmospheric dispersion using relevant aerological data covering the period of 47 years (January 1964 to December 2010), as well as analyses of the climatic field of the meteorological dilution factor in the normal mode of operation of a separate power unit have been performed.The author has found that the approach to the study of the atmospheric dispersion is also applicable to the positioning and design of thermal power plants.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.116-124

References
  1. SPPNAE—87. p. 4.1. Osnovnye trebovaniya po sostavu i ob”emu izyskaniy i issledovaniy pri vybore punkta i ploshchadki AS [Summarized List and Plan for Development of Rules and Regulations in Nuclear Energy — 87, Chapter 4.1. Basic Requirements for the Composition and Volume of Engineering Surveys and Researches concerning the Siting of Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow, Minatomenergo SSSR [Ministry of Atomic Energy of the USSR]. 1987, 93 p.
  2. Atmospheric Dispersion in Nuclear Power Plant Siting: A Safety Guide. IAEA Safety Series, no. 50-SG-S3. Vienna, IAEA, 1980, 108 p.
  3. Dispersion of Radioactive Material in Air and Water and Consideration of Population Distribution in Site Evaluation for Nuclear Power Plants. IAEA Safety Series, no. NS-G-3.2. Vienna, IAEA, 2002, 32 p.
  4. Bryukhan’ F.F., Ivanov V.N. Kontseptual’naya skhema aerometeorologicheskikh issledovaniy pri vybore punkta i ploshchadki atomnykh stantsiy [Conceptual Framework of Aero-meteorological Research into Siting of Nuclear Power Plants]. Trudy IEM [Proceedings of the Institute of Experimental Meteorology]. Moscow, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1992, no. 55(155), pp. 3—12.
  5. Aldukhov O.A., Bryukhan’ A.F. Paket programm statisticheskoy obrabotki aerologicheskikh dannykh dlya otsenki usloviy atmosfernoy dispersii pri geoekologicheskom obosnovanii stroitel’stva AES i TES [Software Package for Statistical Processing of Upper-air Data Designated for Assessment of Conditions of Atmospheric Dispersion as Part of Geoecological Justification of Construction of Nuclear and Thermal Power Plants]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 188—192.
  6. VSN 34 72.111—92. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya proektirovaniya teplovykh elektricheskikh stantsiy [Institutional Building Codes 34 72.111—92. Engineering Survey for the Design of Thermal Power Plants]. Mintopenergo Rossii [Ministry of Fuel and Energy of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, 1992, 121 p.

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COMPREHENSIVE ENGINEERING AND RADIATION SURVEYS IN DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

  • Engovatov Igor’ Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction of Nuclear Installations; +7 (499) 183-26-74, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 125-132

Comprehensive Engineering and Radiation Surveys (CERS) constitute the most important component of the final stage of the life cycle of NPPs, that is, decommissioning of nuclear power plants (NPP).Decommissioning of NPPs is accompanied by specific problems, including radioactive contamination, construction of shields, boxes and rooms, and the so-called residual radioactivity. Although these works account for the 20% of the total amount of work associated with decommissioning, they constitute a fundamental difference between decommissioning of any industrial enterprise and an NPP.Objectives, tasks, scopes and other matters of comprehensive engineering and radiological surveys that accompany the decommissioning of nuclear power plants are discussed by the author. They include:information basis, goals and objectives of CERS within the framework of decommissioning of NPP units;CERS programs;methods and means of engineering surveys;findings of engineering surveys;objectives, tasks and scopes of radiation surveys;methods and means of radiation surveys;findings of radiation surveys;objectives, scopes of application and contents of comprehensive engineering and radiation survey reports required for the decommissioning of NPP units;conclusions and recommendations based on the findings provided in CERS in respect of NPP units.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.125-132

References
  1. Bylkin B.K., Engovatov I.A., Rubtsov P.M. Sovershenstvovanie reguliruyushchikh dokumentov po vyvodu iz ekspluatatsii energoblokov AES [Improvement of Documents Regulating the Decommissioning of Power Generating Units of Nuclear Power Plants]. Atomnaya energiya [Nuclear Power]. December 2009, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 307—312.
  2. Igor A. Engovatov et alia. Radiation Safety Assurance: Decommissioning Nuclear Reactors at Civil and Military Installatio ns. Arlington, Virginia, USA. 2005.
  3. Dubrovskiy V.B., Lavdanskiy P.A., Engovatov I.A. Stroitel’stvo atomnykh elektrostantsiy [Construction of Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 368 p.
  4. International Atomic Energy Agency, Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Plants and Research Reactors, IAEA Safety Standards Series no. WS-G-2.1, IAEA, Vienna, 1999.
  5. Decommissioning Strategies for Facilities Using Radioactive Material, Safety Reports Series. No 50, IAEA, Vienna, 2007.
  6. NP-012 «Pravila obespecheniya bezopasnosti pri vyvode iz ekspluatatsii bloka atomnoy stantsii» NP-007—98 [Norms and Rules — 012 “Safety Assurance Rules Regulating Decommissioning of Power Generating Units of Nuclear Power Plants” Norms and Rules 007—98]. Gosatomnadzor Rossii [Federal Nuclear and Radiation Safety Supervisory Body], 1998.

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FUNDAMENTALS OF THE METHOD OF DYNAMIC MONITORING OF DEFORMATION CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

  • Patrikeev Aleksandr Vladimirovich - Centre for Diagnostics and Monitoring (TsDM) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director, Monitoring Department, Centre for Diagnostics and Monitoring (TsDM), 95A Varshavskoye shosse, Moscow, 117556, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Salatov Evgeniy Konstantinovich - 22 Pavla Korchagina St., Moscow, 129626, Russian Federation +7 (495) 683-99-93., 22 Pavla Korchagina St., Moscow, 129626, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 133-138

The article covers the relevant problem of dynamic monitoring of buildings and structures. Items exposed to dynamic monitoring primarily include high-rise buildings and structures, as well as buildings and structures exposed to crane loads.The authors provide the general procedure of dynamic monitoring and describe its principal stages. The whole succession of actions that constitute the monitoring of the technical condition of buildings and structures can be split into several stages to be stretched over the time period. The authors demonstrate the technical specifications (including dynamic parameters) of a building or a structure in the process of its operation in the form of a graph. The authors propose their methodology of dynamic monitoring that is considered on the basis of a simple example. The authors argue that the more technically sophisticated the item to be monitored, the tougher the requirements designated for its safe operation; therefore, the interval between the stages of monitoring should be shorter. Unique structures may need monitoring using automated stationary systems to be designed within the framework of special-purpose projects.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.133-138

References
  1. Balageas D., Fritzen C.P., Guemes A. Structural Health Monitoring. Publ. ISTE Ltd, London, 2006, 496 p.
  2. Korgin A.V., Shablinskiy G.E., Sergeevtsev E.Yu., Zubkov D.A. Dinamicheskiy monitoring konstruktsiy dekorativnogo navesa i peshekhodnogo mosta v aeroportu Sheremet'evo-3 [Dynamic Monitoring of Structures of a Decorative Shed and a Pedestrian Bridge at Sheremetyevo-3 Airport]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 222—228.
  3. Lazebnik G. E, Kosheleva N.N. Monitoring nesushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy povyshennoy etazhnosti [Monitoring of Bearing Structures of Excess Height Buildings]. Svit geotekhniki [The World of Geotechnics]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 14—18.
  4. Gur'ev V.V., Dorofeev V.M. O monitoringe tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy vysotnykh zdaniy i shirokoproletnykh sooruzheniy [On the Monitoring of the Technical Condition of Bearing Structures of High-rise Buildings and Large-span Structures]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Machinery, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2006, no. 7(90), pp. 68—69.
  5. GOST R 53778—2010. Zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Pravila obsledovaniya i monitoringa tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya. Data vvedeniya 2011-01-01. [State Standard of Russia 53778—2010. Buildings and Structures. Rules of Inspection and Monitoring of Their Technical Condition. Date of Introduction 2011-01-01]. Moscow, 2010, 67 p.
  6. Ulybin A.V., Vatin N.I. Printsipial'nye otlichiya GOST R 53778—2010 ot starykh normativov po obsledovaniyu zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Principal Differences between State Standard R 53778-2010 from Former Regulations Applicable to Inspection of Buildings and Structures]. Gidrotekhnika [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2011, no. 2(23), pp. 54—56.
  7. GOST R 54859—2011. Zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Opredelenie parametrov osnovnogo tona sobstvennykh kolebaniy. Data vvedeniya 2012-01-07. [State Standard of Russia Buildings and Structures 54859—2011. Identification of Parameters of the Basic Tone of Natural Oscillations of Buildings. Date of Introduction 2012-01-07]. Moscow, 2012, 64 p.
  8. Patrikeev A.V. Povyshenie urovnya bezopasnosti inzhenernykh sooruzheniy na primere Glavnogo monumenta pamyatnika Pobedy na Poklonnoy gore v g. Moskve [Improvement of Safety of Engineering Structures Exemplifi ed by the Main Monument of the Victory Memorial on Poklonnaya Hill in the city of Moscow]. Problemy upravleniya kachestvom gorodskoy sredy [Problems of the Urban Environment Quality Management]. Collected works of the 11th Scientific Conference. Moscow, RAGS Publ., 2007, p. 82.
  9. Patrikeev A.V., Salatov E.K., Spiridonov V.P. Dinamicheskiy monitoring zdaniy i sooruzheniy kak odin iz kriteriev obespecheniya bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii [Dynamic Monitoring of Buildings and Structures as One of the Criteria of Their Safe Exploitation]. Tekhnologicheskie problemy prochnosti [Technological Problems of Strength]. Collected works of the XVIII International Seminar. Podol'sk, 2011, pp. 78—81.
  10. Korenev B.G., Rabinovich I.M. Spravochnik po dinamike sooruzheniy [Reference Book on Dynamics of Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1972, 511 p.

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

IMPROVEMENT OF PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS OF ROAD BEDS BY MEANS OF GEO-MATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT OF VIETNAM

  • Podol’skiy Vladislav Petrovich - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction and Operation of Motor Roads, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya St., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nguyen Van Long - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction and Operation of Motor Roads, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya St., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Le Van Chung - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction and Operation of Motor Roads, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya St., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 139-147

The authors argue that the operation of highways has proved that a substantial number of constructed and commissioned roads lose the durability and stability of their road beds for various reasons, including collapses and deformations caused by landslides off the slopes. Therefore, traditional construction technologies cannot provide the required performance parameters due to the elevation of road building and repair charges. Now the issue of improvement of performance parameters of a road bed constitutes a relevant objective. One of solutions contemplates application of geo-materials.A classification of geo-materials, their functional purposes and key parameters are considered in respect of the road bed construction. Various structural solutions applied in the course of construction of the road bed embankment in Vietnam are proposed.Geo-synthetic materials efficiently improve the durability and stability of road beds in harsh engineering, geological and hydrological conditions. However widespread introduction of geo-materials in Vietnam is restrained by the unavailability of regulatory documents and flow charts governing their application.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.139-147

References
  1. Dedyukhin A.Yu. Armirovanie asfal’tobetonnykh smesey kak sposob bor’by s koleey [Reinforcement of Asphalt Mixes as a Method of Rut Control]. Vestnik VolgGASU. Ser.: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2009, no. 16 (35), pp. 88—92.
  2. Dedyukhin A.Yu. Dispersno-armirovannyy asfal’tobeton [Fiber Reinforced Asphalt Concrete]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezh GASU. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Herald of Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction and Architecture]. 2009, no. 1 (13), pp. 80—86.
  3. Matveev S.A. Geosinteticheskie materialy v stroitel’stve [Geo-synthetic Materials in Construction]. Yugra: dorogi v budushchee [Ugra: Roads into the Future]. 2005, no. 2, pp. 24—25.
  4. Nguyen Van Long. Povyshenie treshchinostoykosti asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy putem armirovaniya georeshetkami vo Vietname [Improvement of Crack Resistance of Asphalt-concrete Pavements by Their Reinforcement Using Geogrids in Viet-Nam]. Razvitie dorozhno-transportnogo kompleksa i stroitel’noy infrastruktury na osnove ratsional’nogo prirodopol’zovaniya: ìaterialy VII Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem) [Development of Roads, Transportation Facilities and the Construction Infrastructure through Rational Environmental Management. Materials of the 7th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference (with International Speakers)]. Omsk, SibADI Publ., 2012, Book 1, pp. 124—128.
  5. Podolsky V.P., Rasstegaeva G.A., Rasstegaeva L.N. Armirovannyy asfal’tobeton s primeneniem aktivnykh mineral’nykh otkhodov i pobochnykh produktov promyshlennosti [Reinforced Asphalt Concrete That Contains Active Mineral Waste and Industrial Byproducts]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2000, no 9, pp. 10—11.
  6. Rasstegaeva L.N. Povyshenie ekspluatatsionnykh svoystv shlakovykh asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy putem armirovaniya ikh georeshetkami [Improvement of Performance Properties of Slag Asphalt Coverings Using Geogrid as the Reinforcement]. Voronezh, VGASA Publ., 1999, 175 p.
  7. Sirotyuk V.V. Armirovanie asfal’tobetonnogo pokrytiya geosinteticheskimi materialami [Reinforcing Asphalt Coverings by Geo-synthetic Materials]. DOROGI. Innovatsii v stroitel’stve [ROADS. Construction Innovations]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 36—40.
  8. Ushakov V.V., Baterou K., Kapustin V.L., Fan K.T. O vybore materialov dlya armirovaniya asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy avtomobil’nykh dorog [On the Choice of Materials Designated for the Reinforcement of Asphalt Coverings of Motor Roads]. Dorogi Rossii XXI veka [Roads of Russia of the 21st Century]. 2009, no 7, pp. 99—101.
  9. Ushakov V.V., Baterou K., Kapustin V.L. Geosetki protiv treshchin: armirovanie asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy avtomobil’nykh dorog [Geogrids to Prevent Cracks: Reinforcement of Asphalt Coverings of Highways]. Avtomobil’nye dorogi [Motor Roads]. 2008, no. 8, pp. 114—115.
  10. Matveev S.A., Nemirovskiy Yu.V. Armirovannye dorozhnye konstruktsii: modelirovanie i raschet [Reinforced Road Constructions: Modeling and Analysis]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 2006, 336 p.

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

IMPROVEMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WASTE THROUGH DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

  • Aleksanin Aleksandr Vyacheslavovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology, Organization and Management of Construction Processes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sborshchikov Sergey Borisovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, acting chair, Department of Technology, Organization and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 148-155

The relevance of the problem of construction waste management has proven to be true, as the statistical data reflect an increase in the amount of construction and demolition works in the Russian Federation. The authors analyze the current standards, regulatory documents and requirements applicable to construction waste processing. One of the most important challenges is a need to develop production schedules (PSs) applicable to the processes of management of construction and demolition waste. The process of coordination of PSs, their structure and contents is considered in the article in detail. There is a need for universal construction waste management software programmes. Development of these software programmes can promote essential results in projecting, modeling and research of the properties of waste management processes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.148-155

References
  1. Official web site of the analytical centre for mortgage lending and securitization. Available at: http://www.rusipoteka.ru/lenta/market/rost-zhiliwnogo-stroitelstva/. Date of access: 05.08.12.
  2. Mortgage lending information resource. Available at: http://www.ipodom.ru/stream/realty/moscow/id_79634/. Date of access: 05.08.12.
  3. Oleynik S.P., Solomin I.A., Kharitonov S.E. Organizatsiya poligonov zakhoroneniya tverdykh bytovykh i stroitel'nykh otkhodov na osnove otrabotannykh kar'erov [Arrangement of Household and Construction Waste Disposal Sites at Exhausted Open-pit Mines]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 10, pp. 54—56.
  4. Oleynik S.P. O rezul'tatakh issledovaniya problemy upravleniya stroitel'nymi otkhodami [Findings of Research of the Problem of Management of Construction Waste]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 9, pp. 57—59.
  5. Oleynik S.P., Solomin I.A., Kharitonov S.E. Itogi pervogo etapa eksperimenta po elementnoy razborke tipovykh pyatietazhnykh zdaniy pervogo perioda industrial'nogo domostroeniya v Moskve [Results of the First Stage of the Experiment in Per-element Dismantling of Regular Five-storey Buildings of the First Period of Industrial Housing Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 58—60.
  6. Aleksanin A.V., Sborshchikov S.B. Povyshenie konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiy stroitel'noy otrasli za schet integratsii 3 R-kontseptsii upravleniya otkhodami stroitel'nogo proizvodstva i logisticheskikh metodov [Improvement of Competitive Strengths of Construction Companies Using the Integration of the 3 R-Concept of Management of Construction Waste Products]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 420—422
  7. Official site of Dokservis Centre for Environmental Safety. Available at: http://docservis.ru/technological-regulations. Date of access: 05.08.12.
  8. O poryadke obrashcheniya s otkhodami stroitel'stva i snosa v g. Moskve: postanovlenie pravitel'stva Moskvy ot 25 iyunya 2002 g. ¹ 469-PP (v red. ot 25.07.2006 ¹ 566-PP). [Moscow Governmental Regulation On the Procedure of Construction and Demolition Waste Management of June 25, 2002 no. 469-PP (amended on July 25, 2006 by Governmental Regulation no. 566-PP)].
  9. Tekhnologicheskiy reglament protsessa obrashcheniya s otkhodami stroitel'stva i snosa na ob"ekte: Inzhenernaya podgotovka territorii dlya stroitel'stva zhilogo doma s garazhom, rayon Severnoe Izmaylovo, kv. 49-50, korp. 3 (Shifr: 131-2010sn) [Procedure of processing of construction and demolition waste on sites. Site preparation for construction of a residential house and a garage in Severnoe Izmaylovo, block 49-50, Building 3 (reference number: 131-2010sn)].
  10. Aleksanin A.V., Sborshchikov S.B. Razrabotka metodiki effektivnogo upravleniya otkhodami stroitel'nogo proizvodstva [Development of Methodology of Effective Management of Construction Waste]. Ustoychivost', bezopasnost' i energoresursosberezhenie v sovremennykh arkhitekturnykh, konstruktivnykh, tekhnologicheskikh resheniyakh i inzhenernykh sistemakh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Sustainability, Safety, Energy and Resources Saving in Advanced Architectural, Structural, Technical Solutions and Engineering Systems of Buildings and Structures]. Vserossiyskaya konferentsiya s elementami nauchnoy shkoly dlya molodezhi [2nd All-Russian conference with elements of a research school for young people]. Collected abstracts. Moscow, November 2, 2011, pp. 7—10.

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NUCLEAR SOURCES OF HEAT SUPPLY IN THE FUEL MIX OF RUSSIA

  • Miram Andrey Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Heat Engineering and Heat and Gas Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-26-92; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Belov Vitaliy Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Heat Engineering and Heat and Gas Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-26-92; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 156-158

The authors analyze the role of self-contained heat sources in the process of replacement of organic fuel by nuclear fuel. The authors also consider alternative sources of heat supply and practical implementation of systems of nuclear heat supply.The authors argue that various technologies require a wide range of steam capacities (0.1...10 MPA) and that the distribution of its quantity is uneven: up to 60 % of steam consumed at the pressure of 0.8...1.4 MPa and up to 25 % — t the pressure of 0.5...0.8 MPa.The authors address one of major challenges of the energy consumption market — reduction of the share of fossil fuels in the fuel and energy mix of Russia. Fossil fuels may be replaced by the nuclear power if atomic sources are used not only in the production of electricity and heat supplies for end users, but also as sources of thermal power for industrial purposes.Generation of heat for industrial purposes is more complicated, particularly when steam is required as a heat carrier. One of solutions under consideration is the use of high-temperature water to extract steam for heating purposes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.156-158

References
  1. Nemchinova A.S., Peysakhovich V.Ya. Osnovnye zakonomernosti formirovaniya rezhimov teplopotrebleniya promyshlennykh predpriyatiy [Basic Patterns of Heat Consumption Modes of Industrial Enterprises]. Promyshlennaya teploenergetika [Industrial heat and Power Engineering]. 1998, no. 11, pp. 44—48.
  2. Dement'ev B.A. Yadernye energeticheskie reaktory [Nuclear Power Reactors]. Moscow, 1984, 280 p.
  3. Yablokov A.V. Za i protiv yadernoy energetiki [Nuclear Power Engineering: Pros and Cons]. Moscow, Media-PRESS Publ., 2011, 248 p.
  4. Grigor'ev V.A., Zorin V.M., editors. Teplovye i atomnye elektricheskie stantsii [Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow, Energoizdat Publ., 1989, 608 p.

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GEO-ECOLOGY OF THE SUBTERRANEAN SPACE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikoloaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geo-ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federa- tion; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 159-168

The authors provide several philosophical views and an advanced theoretical approach to the positioning of branches of geo-ecology in the general network of ecologyrelated sciences. The present-day system of views in respect of the subject matter of geo-ecology is challenged by new developments and areas of research.Rock destabilization caused by construction works and further settling of adjacent areas inflicts the ecological damage. Lithosphere is responsible for the filtering and purification of the water; biogens and microelements are also added into the water within the lithosphere. Lithosphere accommodates subterranean structures, and it also serves as the living environment for microorganisms. These living organisms produce their influence onto lithogenesis; they can also modify conditions of construction and operation of subterranean structures accommodated as deep as several kilometers below the Earth surface. The subterranean space, taken as a constituent of the biosphere, produces a substantial impact on the quality of the environment on the Earth surface. Geo-ecological prerequisites of construction of subterranean structures are complex and understudied if compared to those that are considered before any construction works on the surface of the Earth. Problematic accessibility to deep massifs serves as the reason for their insufficient study. Geo-ecology of the subterranean space serves as one of the most important scientific branch that enjoys an independent subject matter and areas of research.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.159-168

References
  1. Potapov A.D. Nauchno-metodologicheskie osnovy geoekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva [Scientific and Methodological Basics of Geo-ecological Safety of Construction Works]. Moscow, 2002, 280 p.
  2. Potapov A.D. Ekologiya [Ecology]. Vyssh. shk. publ., 2004, 250 p.
  3. Anan'ev V.P., Potapov A.D. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geo-ecology]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2008, 360 p.
  4. Potapov A.D., Revelis I.L. Zemletryaseniya: prichiny i posledstviya. [Earthquakes: Reasons and Consequences]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2008, 180 p.
  5. Chernyshev S.N., Potapov A.D. Geosfery i ikh ekologicheskoe znachenie [Geospheres and Their Ecological Value]. Denisovskie chteniya I: sb. [Denisov Readings, Collection, Book 1]. Moscow, 2000, pp. 223—229.
  6. Bolotina I.N., Sergeev E.M., editor. Fiziko-khimicheskie yavleniya s uchastiem biokhimicheskogo komponenta [Physicochemical Phenomena That Have a Biochemical Constituent]. Teoreticheskie osnovy inzhenernoy geologii. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy: sb. [Theoretical Fundamentals of Engineering Geology. Physicochemical Fundamentals. Collection of Works]. Moscow, 1985, pp. 65—70.
  7. Knyazeva V.P., Zhuk P.M. Ekologicheskie aspekty zashchity stroitel'nykh materialov ot biokhimicheskoy korrozii [Ecological Aspects of Protection of Construction Materials from Biochemical Corrosion]. Stroitel'stvo-formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel'nosti: Materialy IV NPK molodykh uchenykh [Construction as Formation of the Human Habitat. Proceedings of the 4th Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Researchers]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2001, pp. 76—84.
  8. Zubakov V.A. Istoriko-ekologicheskaya model' evolyutsii i stsenarii budushchego v svete nauchnogo naslediya V.I. Vernadskogo [Historical and Ecological Model of Evolution and Scenarios for the Future within the Framework of the Research Heritage of V.I. Vernadskiy]. Problema ustoychivogo razvitiya Rossii v svete nauchnogo naslediya V.I. Vernadskogo [Problem of Sustainable Development of Russia within the Framework of the Research Heritage of V.I. Vernadskiy]. International Seminar. Moscow, 1997, pp. 23—27.
  9. Kerns-Smit A.Dzh. Pervymi organizmami mogli byt' kristally gliny [Crystals of Clay Could Be the First Organisms]. Moscow, 1953, 28 p. Available at: http://travel.kotomsk.ru/gro/si/si.html. Date of access: 22.09.2012.
  10. Legget R.F. Cities and Geology. New York, McGr.-Hill Book Company, 1973, 226 p.
  11. Zhigalin A.D., Shvetsov P.F., Sergeev E.M., editor. Teploobmen i temperaturnoe pole v litosfere [Heat Exchange and Temperature Field in the Lithosphere]. Teoreticheskie osnovy inzhenernoy geologii. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy: sb. [Theoretical Fundamentals of Engineering Geology. Physicochemical Fundamentals. Collection of Works]. Moscow, 1985, pp. 196—211.
  12. Lelekov V.I. K voprosu o radioekologicheskoy obstanovke v g. Moskve [On the Issue of Radio-ecological Situation in Moscow]. Izvestiya akademii promyshlennoy ekologii [News of Academy of Industrial Ecology]. 1998, no. 3, pp. 5—7.

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STUDY OF MIGRATION OF TRITIUM INTO BORDER ZONES OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE REPOSITORIES THAT HAVE DIFFERENT OPERATION LIVES

  • Khakhunova Mariya Mikhaylovna - Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academу of Sciences (RAN GEOKhI im. V.I. Vernadskogo) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Researcher, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academу of Sciences (RAN GEOKhI im. V.I. Vernadskogo), 4 Ko- sygina St., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 169-176

The main objective of the research was to study the migration of tritium as the most active radio-nuclide over radioactive waste storage landfills and to project the intensity of industrial pollution of water-bearing layers. Radioactivity is a distinctive feature of tritium. On the one hand, it promotes its extensive use in small quantities in various spheres of the human activity, and on the other hand, it produces a negative impact on the environment due to its ability to accumulate in cells. The author considers the issue of distribution of radio-nuclides both in horizontal and vertical directions to prevent or to limit their release into further zones of waste storage landfills.The proposed monitoring system detects the condition of storage facilities and adjacent zones from the viewpoint of environmental security. It is based on a reliable method of monitoring of the condition of structures. The objective is to ensure the security and further safe operation of depositories. The findings have also served as the instrument of evaluation of effectiveness of implementation of the proposed technology. The methodology assures a timely warning of potential danger due to the negative impact produced by near-surface storage facilities onto the environment in connection with the migration of radio-nuclides. Moreover, extension of the operating life of existing storage facilities may involve a substantial economic effect.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.169-176

References
  1. Dmitriev S.A., Stefanovskiy S.V. Obrashchenie s radioaktivnymi otkhodami [Treatment of Radioactive Waste]. Moscow, RKhTU im. D.I. Mendeleeva Publishing Centre, 2000, 124 p.
  2. Efremov D.I. Otchet po teme: «Regional'naya pereotsenka ekspluatatsionnykh zapasov presnykh podzemnykh vod tsentral'noy chasti Moskovskogo artezianskogo basseyna (Moskovskiy region)» [Report on “Regional Revaluation of Fresh Groundwater Supplies in the Central Area of the Moscow Artesian Basin (Moscow Region)”]. FGUP «Geotsentr-Moskva» [Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Geocentre-Moscow’]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 2—52.
  3. Kochkin B.T., Patyk-Kara N.G. Geomorfologicheskaya otsenka territorii s tsel'yu vybora mest dlya mogil'nikov vysoko toksichnykh radioaktivnykh otkhodov [Geo-morphological Assessment of Territories with a View to the Siting of Highly Toxic Radioactive Waste Storage Landfills]. Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy [Geology of Ore Deposits]. 1999, no. 2, pp. 154—161.
  4. Sobolev A.I., Pol'skiy O.G., Tikhomirov V.A. Informatsionno-analiticheskaya sistema radioekologicheskogo monitoringa [Information and Analytical System of Radio-ecological Monitoring]. Moscow, Prima Publ., 1995, 125 p.
  5. Shvets V.M., Prozorov L.B. Modelirovanie vertikal'noy migratsii radionuklidov v morennykh otlozheniyakh [Simulation of Vertical Migration of Radio-nuclides in Morainic Deposits]. Moscow, RGGRU im S. Ordzhonikidze Publ., 2007, pp. 5—67.

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HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

FLOW INTERMITTENCY PATTERN IN CASE OF THE TRANSITIONAL MODE OF HYDRAULIC RESISTANCE

  • Bryanskaya Yuliya Vadimovna - National Research University Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulics; +7 (499) 261-39-12., National Research University Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 129337, Moscow, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 177-184

The author considers hydraulic characteristics of the flow inside pipes in case of the transitional mode of hydraulic resistance on the basis of the model taking account of the flow intermittency within the viscous sublayer. The author introduces the notion of the flow intermittency coefficient as its quantitative characteristic. The proposed coefficient represents the ratio of the time period of the turbulent flow near the pipe surface to the total observation time. The author discusses the relationship between the coefficient of the flow intermittency and the characteristics of resistance. The author has obtained dependencies applicable to exact and approximate calculations of the coefficient of inter- mittency. The coefficient of resistance, calculated on the basis of the formulas proposed for the coefficient intermittency of flow, reflects peculiarities of the behavior of the coefficient of resistance in the transition zone. Its application provides sufficient convergence with the experimental data.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.177-184

References
  1. Kiselev P.G. Gidravlika. Osnovy mekhaniki zhidkosti [Hydraulics. Fundamentals of Liquid Mechanics]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1980, 360 p.
  2. Gurzhienko G.A. O vliyanii vyazkosti zhidkosti na zakony turbulentnogo dvizheniya v pryamoy tsilindricheskoy trube s gladkimi stenkami [About the Infl uence of the Viscosity of Liquids onto Regularities of the Turbulent Motion inside a Straight Cylindrical Pipe That Has Smooth Walls]. Works of Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. Moscow, 1936, no. 303, 56 p.
  3. Zegzhda A.P. Gidravlicheskie poteri na trenie v kanalakh i truboprovodakh [Hydraulic Resistance in Channels and Pipelines]. Moscow-Leningrad, Gos. izd-vo po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture publ., 1957, 278 p.
  4. Shlikhting G. Teoriya pogranichnogo sloya [Boundary Layer Theory]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1969, 742 p.
  5. Narahari Rao K., Narasimha R., Badri Narayanan M.A. The “Bursting” Phenomenon in Turbulent Boundary Layer. J. Fluid Mech. 1971, vol. 48, part 2, pp. 339—352.
  6. Carino E.R., Brodkey R.S. A Visual Investigation of the Wall Region in Turbulent Flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 1969, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 1—30.
  7. Einstein H.A., Li H. The Viscous Sublayer along a Smooth Boundary. ASCE, Journal Engineering Mechanical Division, 1956, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 945-1—945-27.
  8. Bryanskaya Yu.V., Markova I.M., Ostyakova A.V. Gidravlika vodnykh i vzvesenesushchikh potokov v zhestkikh i deformiruemykh granitsakh [Hydraulics of Water and Suspension-bearing Flows within Rigid and Deformable Boundaries]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 263 p.
  9. Borovkov V.S., Bryanskaya Y.V. Raschet soprotivleniya v perekhodnoy oblasti s uchetom peremezhaemosti techeniya v vyazkom podsloe [Transitional Resistance Calculation in the Transitional Zone with Account for the Flow Intermittency inside the Viscous Sublayer]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2001, no. 7, pp. 20—22.
  10. Nikuradze I. Zakonomernosti turbulentnogo dvizheniya v gladkikh trubakh [Turbulent Motion Regularities in Smooth Surface Pipes]. Problemy turbulentnosti [Problems of Turbulence]. Moscow-Leningrad, ONTI NKTP Publ., 1936, pp. 75—150.
  11. Nikuradse I. Stroemungsgesetze in rauhen Rohren. Forschungs-Heft (Forschungs auf demGebiete des Ingenieur-Wesens). No. 361, 1933, pp. 1—22.

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CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF A FREE FLOW OVER A SHARP CREST WEIR

  • Medzveliya Manana Levanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pipiya Valeriy Valerianovich - Breesize Trading Limited Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Project Engineer, Breesize Trading Limited, 42 Mosfil’movskaya St., Moscow, 119285, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 185-189

The authors consider the viscosity and surface tension forces that produce their influence on the conditions of separation of the stream from a sharp crest weir. The authors have compiled an equation that takes account of the influence of all factors, including liquid pressure over the weir — H, weir height — P, liquid flow velocity — v, liquid density — ρ, dynamic viscosity — μ, surface tension σ, gravity acceleration — g, discharge per the unit of the weir width — q, width of the course — B. The authors have proven that the surface tension and liquid density are different for different types of liquids.As part of the experiment, a sharp crest weir was installed into a rectangular tray (6,000×100×200). The weir height was permanent, and it was equal to P = 60 mm. Experiments were conducted to register the moment of the flow separation from the weir wall. The experiment contemplated gradual pressure rise. The authors demonstrated that the stream separation from the weir wall that had a sharp crest occurred when the Weber’s number reached its critical value os that it was independent from the Reynold’s number.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.185-189

References
  1. Al’tshul’ A.D. Gidravlicheskie soprotivleniya [Hydraulic Resistances]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1982, 223 p.
  2. Linford A. The Application of Models to Hydraulic Engineering-reservoir Spillways. Water and Water engn. October 1965, pp. 411—417.
  3. D’Alpaos Luigi. Sull’effl usso a stramazzo al di sopra di un bordo in parete s ottile per piccolo Valori del carico. Atte ist. Veneto sci lett. ed arti. Cl, sci mat. e natur. 1976—1977, 135, pp. 169—190.
  4. Lobachev P.V., Makarevich T.N., Myasnikov V.I. Vliyanie vyazkosti i poverkhnostnogo natyazheniya zhidkosti na koeffitsient raskhoda vodoslivov s tonkoy stenkoy [Influence of Viscosity and Surface Tension of Liquids on the Discharge Ratio of Weirs That Have Thin Walls]. Tr. VNII «VODGEO» [Works of Scientific Research Institute of Water Supply, Sewage, Hydraulic Structures and Engineering Hydro-geology]. 1978, no. 73, pp. 129—134.
  5. Chugaev R.R. Gidravlika [Hydraulics]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1975, 671 p.
  6. Maxwell C., Weggel R. Surface Tension in Froude Models. J. of Hydraulics Division. ASCE, 1969, March, HY 2, pp. 677—701.
  7. Kisilev P.G. Osnovy mekhaniki zhidkosti [Fundamentals of Liquid Mechanics]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1980, 337 p.
  8. Zegzhda A.P. Teoriya podobiya i metodika rascheta gidrotekhnicheskikh modeley [Similarity Theory and Methodology of Analysis of Hydraulic Engineering Models]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1938, 220 p.
  9. Al’tshul’ A.D. Istechenie iz otverstiy zhidkostey s povyshennoy vyazkost’yu [Outflows of Hyperviscosity Liquids through Holes]. Neftyanoe khozyaystvo [Crude Oil Economy]. 1950, no. 2, pp. 55—60.

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

HIERARCHIES OF DESCRIPTION OF ENERGY SYSTEMS

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Civil Engineering, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 190-193

The author considers one of the most important tasks to be tackled in the course of modeling of processes or phenomena, that is, identification of the degree of detail of a description. It is also applicable to energy systems and their efficiency. This task has a particular significance as any researcher needs to attribute names to the system elements and their states. This discussion originates from the basic provisions of the Ashby principles and fundamentals of the modeling of information systems in the realm of generalized states, or situations. A model should take a proper account of the fact that some information is lost whenever more detailed level of description is replaced by the less detailed one. Thus, the task consists in the hierarchical description of functioning systems. We introduce the hyper-system model to solve this task.The mathematical theory set forth in the paper proves that any losses of information about some object are inevitable whenever the level of description is changed. One may see new logical and mathematical problems arising in this field. For example, there is still no answer to the question how “deep” we can advance in our studies of hierarchical systems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.190-193

References
  1. Yakovlev V.F. Printsip Eshbi v ierarkhii predstavleniya funktsional'nykh sistem [The Ashby Principles in the Hierarchy of Description of Functional Systems]. Doklad AN RF [Report of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation]. 1994, vol. 339, no. 2, pp. 176—178.
  2. Yakovlev V.F., Volkov A.A. Modelirovanie informatsionnykh sistem v prostranstve obobshchennykh sostoyaniy (situatsiy) [Modeling of Information Systems in the Realm of Generalized States (Situations)]. Weimar, Bauhaus–University Weimar, 1999, 18 p.
  3. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy. Chast' 1 [Intelligence of Buildings. Part 1]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 186—190.
  4. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy. Chast' 2 [Intelligence of Buildings. Part 2]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 213—216.
  5. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy: obshchie osnovaniya [Intelligence of Buildings: Common Grounds]. Teoreticheskie osnovy stroitel'stva [Theoretical Fundamentals of Construction]. Collected works of the 18th Polish, Russian and Slovak Seminar. Warsaw, Warsaw University of Technology, 2009, pp. 355—362.
  6. Volkov A.A. Metodologiya proektirovaniya funktsional'nykh sistem upravleniya zdaniyami i sooruzheniyami (gomeostat stroitel'nykh ob"ektov) [Methodology of Design of Functional Systems of Management of Buildings and Structures (Homeostasis of Construction Facilities)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2003, 38 p.
  7. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy: formula [Intelligence of Buildings: the Formula]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 54—57.

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PIR DETECTORS FOR BUILDING ILLUMINATION AUTOMATION

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Golovin Andrey Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) post-graduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 194-200

The authors consider the issues of power saving with reference to the engineering systems of buildings. One of the technologies aimed at the improvement of the energy efficiency of buildings contemplates the employment of PIR detectors used for the purpose of automation of building illumination systems. The proposed technology consists of the following two key elements: passive infrared PIR receivers and the Fresnel lens. Passive infrared PIR receivers detect the motion of warm spots against the permanent temperature background. Traditionally, these PIR receivers are incorporated into security systems and automatic switches.The receiver interacts with the external optical system through its Fresnel lens that divides the space into transparent and non-transparent sectors and focuses the infrared beaming on sensitive elements. Whenever a human being enters these sectors, a variable thermal signal is formed.The technology is applicable to design and production of the machinery which power consumption is minimal (for example, the power consumption of one detector is about 0.3 W).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.194-200

References
  1. Kvasnikov I.A. Termodinamika [Thermodynamics]. 560 p.
  2. Voronin G.F. Osnovy termodinamiki [Fundamentals of Thermodynamics]. MGU Publ., 1987, pp. 35—37.
  3. Landau L.D., Lifshits E.M. Statisticheskaya fi zika, chast' 1 [Statistical Physics, Part 1]. 584 p.
  4. Volkov A.A., Sedov A.V., Chelyshkov P.D., Zinkov A.I. Zadachi avtomatizatsii v zadachakh energosberezheniya [Objectives of Automation within the Framework of Energy Saving]. Avtomatizatsiya zdaniy [Automation of Buildings]. 2010, no. 3 (36), p. 25.
  5. Egorychev O.O., Volkov A.A. Avtomatizatsiya inzhenernykh sistem zdaniy, sooruzheniy i tekhnologicheskikh tsiklov v reshenii zadach energosberezheniya [Automation of Engineering Systems of Buildings, Structures and Process Cycles as Part of Resolution of Energy Saving Problems]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo soyuza stroiteley [Proceedings of the Russian Union of Builders]. 2010, no.1, pp. 23—26.

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MULTI-COMPONENT ANALYSIS AND INFOGRAPHIC MODELINGOF THE ENERGY SECURITY OF THE MAN-MACHINERY-ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rakhmonov Emomali Karimovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, doctoral stu- dent, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow,129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 201-207

In this article, the authors employ the infographic model of the man-machinery-environment system to analyze the secure operation of the system and its components from the viewpoint of the energy security. The research project contemplates the multi-component analysis of the man-machineryenvironment system represented as an infographic model, as well as the analysis of operation of systems that is safe from the viewpoint of energy and its supply. The basic subject of research represents the man-machineryenvironment system that is composed of individual components of the triad (or monads, including humans, machinery and the environment) and their paired combinations (or dyads, including humans and machinery, machinery and the environment, humans and the environment) as the local research facilities considered from the viewpoint of design of an energy efficient system.The overall objective of the research is to study basic rules and regularities of design of infographic models, their relationships and interactions to avoid conflicts and to prognosticate hazardous consequences in terms of the energy security of the system as a whole. As a result, the authors have systematized elementary infographic models within the framework of the conflict management theory.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.201-207

References
  1. Chulkov V.O., Kuzina O.N. Funktsional'noe modelirovanie stroitel'nogo pereustroystva neproizvodstvennykh ob"ektov [Functional Modeling of Redevelopment of Non-industrial Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 251—258.
  2. Chulkov V.O., editor. Infografiya. T. 1: Mnogourovnevoe infograficheskoe modelirovanie. Modul'nyy kurs lektsiy. Seriya «Infograficheskie osnovy funktsional'nykh sistem» [Infographics. Vol. 1. Multi-level Infographic Modeling. Modular Course of Lectures. Series “Infographic Fundamentals of Functional Systems]. Moscow, SvR-ARGUS Publ., 2007, 352 p.
  3. Volkov A.A. Aktivnaya bezopasnost' stroitel'nykh ob"ektov v usloviyakh cherezvychaynoy situatsii [Active Safety of Construction Facilities in Emergencies]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2000, no. 6, pp. 34—35.
  4. Volkov A.A. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost' uslovno-abstraktnykh ob"ektov (zdaniy i sooruzheniy) v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Comprehensive Safety of Conventionally Abstract Objects (Buildings and Structures) in Emergencies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 30—35.
  5. Rodin A.V., Rakhmonov E.K. Obespechenie organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskoy nadezhnosti i kompleksnoy bezopasnosti rekonstruiruemykh ob"ektov [Organizational and Technological Reliability and Comprehensive Safety of Restructured Facilities]. Metodicheskie podkhody analiza tekhnologicheskikh protsessov stroitel'nogo proizvodstva [Collected works “Methodological Approaches to Analysis of Construction Processes]. Moscow, TsNIIOMTP Publ., 2002, no. 2, pp. 15—17.
  6. Rakhmonov E.K. Etapy analiza konfl iktov pri realizatsii krupnykh mezhdunarodnykh stroitel'nykh investitsionnykh proektov [Stages of Analysis of Confl icts in the Course of Implementation of Major International Investment Projects in the Construction Industry]. Internet: novosti i obozrenie. Seriya «Infografi ya v sistemotekhnike» [Internet: News and Overviews. Series: Infographics in System Engineering]. 2002, no. 3, pp. 14—21.
  7. Rodin A.V., Rakhmonov E.K. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost' i organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskaya nadezhnost' pri rekonstruktsii gorodskikh territoriy i raspolozhennykh na nikh ob"ektov [Comprehensive Safety, Organizational and Technological Reliability in the Course of Restructuring of Urban Lands and Facilities That They Accommodate]. Modelirovanie i prognozirovanie parametrov tekhnologicheskikh protsessov stroitel'nogo proizvodstva [Collected works “Modeling and Projection of Parameters of Technological Processes of Construction”]. Moscow, TsNIIOMTP Publ., 2003, pp. 15—16.

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DESIGN OF INTEGRATED SYSTEMS DESIGNATED FOR THE FORECASTING AND MONITORING OF EMERGENCIES IN BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES AND THEIR CLUSTERS

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rubtsov Igor' Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, De- partment of Engineering Geodesy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 208-2012

The authors propose their original method of design of systems designated for the forecasting and monitoring of emergencies in different types of buildings. The new method represents an integrated set of versatile activities and systems, including a layout of sensor elements and communication channels, installation of the monitoring system in a building, a structure, or a set (a cluster) of buildings and structures, pilot system operation, and metrological system testing.Critical values of controlled parameters are pre-set in accordance with an adaptive mathematical model developed on the basis of the design documentation and the data generated in the course of inspection of buildings and/or structures. If the parameters of a structure exceed critical values pre-set by the system, automated decision-making procedure is actuated. It may cause the operation of the building to stop or, alternatively, it may restrict or even prevent access to some areas inside the building. In some cases, one should analyze the time periods between regular inspections to determine whether additional tests are needed, or to run an additional monitoring system.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.208-2012

References
  1. Volkov A.A. Elementy kompleksnogo monitoringa kak sredstvo bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii stroitel'nykh ob"ektov [Elements of Integrated Monitoring Activities as the Instrument of Safe Operation of Construction Facilities]. Bol'shoy Rossiyskiy katalog. Stroitel'stvo. [Big Russian Catalogue. Construction.] Moscow, Katalogi i spravochniki publ., 2000, pp. 1327—1328.
  2. Volkov A.A. Bezopasnost' stroitel'nykh ob"ektov v chrezvychaynoy situatsii [Safety of Construction Facilities in Emergencies]. Sel'skoe stroitel'stvo [Rural Construction]. 2000, no. 3, pp. 42—43.
  3. Volkov A.A. Aktivnaya bezopasnost' stroitel'nykh ob"ektov [Active Safety of Construction Facilities]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Construction Facilities], an interuniversity collection of research papers. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2000, no. 9, pp. 147—150.
  4. Shaposhnikov A.S. Analiz effektivnosti sistem monitoringa i prognozirovaniya chrezvychaynykh situatsiy prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo kharaktera na primere Moskvy [Analysis of Efficiency of Systems of Monitoring and Forecasting of Natural and Anthropogenic Emergencies Exemplifi ed by Moscow]. Tekhnologii grazhdanskoy bezopasnosti [Civil Safety Technologies]. 2009, vol. 6, no. 3-4, pp. 210—215.

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ATLAS: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM OF ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sedov Artem Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Junior Researcher, Research and Educational Centre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chelyshkov Pavel Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Junior Researcher, Research and Educational Cen- tre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sukneva Luiza Valer'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, assistant, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, leading engineer of the analytical department, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 213-217

In this article, the authors raise the issue of the upcoming trend in the economy, namely, the use of alternative sources of energy to meet the demand for electricity and heating in the areas that suffer from the underdeveloped infrastructure. For this purpose, analysis of existing renewable energy sources, compilation of interactive maps and databases of climatic conditions (solar radiation, wind roses, and temperature zones) is needed to assure a smooth operation of renewable energy facilities and to generate a geographical link between the above databases.The objective of the proposed technology designated for the assessment of options for the positioning of varied alternative sources of energy is to identify the types and quantities of alternative energy sources and to have them positioned on site. The authors believe that wind mills and energy generating facilities that consume low-temperature heat are impossible to operate in winter seasons in the areas that have cold climates.Positioning of alternative energy sources contemplates the analysis of the available data, collection of any missing data and update of the information available to date.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.213-217

References
  1. Volkov A.A. Upravlenie zdaniyami: intellektual'nye sistemy [Management of Buildings: Intelligent Systems]. Strategiya razvitiya investitsionno-stroitel'nogo i zhilishchno-kommunal'nogo kompleksov v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Strategy for Development of Investment, Construction and Housing Utility Facilities in the Modern Context]. Edited by Yarovenko S.M. Moscow, MGAKKhiS Publ., 2009, pp. 384—394.
  2. Chelyshkov P.D., Kuzin K.S., Mikhaylichenko A.V. Metody teorii veroyatnostey pri stsenarnom modelirovanii rezhimov ekspluatatsii zdaniy i kompleksov v SAPR [Methods of the Probability Theory in the Framework of Scenario-based Modeling of Modes of Operation of Buildings and Clusters of Buildings in CAD]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 475—477.
  3. Untila G.G., Zaks M.B. Kremnievaya fotoenergetika: sostoyanie i osnovnye napravleniya razvitiya [Silicon-based Photovoltaic Energetics: State of the Art and Principal Lines of Development]. Teploenergetika [Thermal Engineering]. 2011, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 932—947.
  4. Ashby W.R. An Introduction to Cybernetics, Second Impression. London, Chapman & Hall Ltd., 1957, 295 p.

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ABSTRACT CHARACTERISTIC OF RELIABILITY (DURABILITY) IN SELECTION OF THE OPTIMAL STRUCTURE OF AN AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM IN CAD

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Rector, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 929-52-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chelyshkov Pavel Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Junior Researcher, Research and Educational Cen- tre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sedov Artem Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Junior Researcher, Research and Educational Centre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 218-224

In this paper, the authors propose an approach to identification of the optimal structure of an automatic control system using CAD. The approach is based on the introduction of an abstract characteristic of reliability of control systems to take account of heterogeneity of versatile engineering systems designated for sustainable buildings.Application of the proposed method of selection of an automatic control system designed for CAD algorithms helps determine reliability as an abstract characteristic of an automatic control system.Integration of the above algorithm into the CAD system will ensure selection of automatic control engineering systems of buildings with account for the critical values of control systems with reference to particular buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.218-224

References
  1. Volkov A.A. Osnovy gomeostatiki zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Fundamentals of Homeostasis of Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2002, no. 1, pp. 34—35.
  2. Volkov A.A. Gomeostat v stroitel’stve: sistemnyy podkhod k metodologii upravleniya [Homeostasis in the Construction Industry: Systemic Approach to the Methodology of Management]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2003, no.6, pp. 68—73.
  3. Il’ichev V.A. Printsipy preobrazovaniya goroda v biosferosovmestimyy i razvivayushchiy cheloveka [Principals of Transformation of the City into the Human Development Vehicle Compatible with the Biosphere]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 3—13.
  4. Il’ichev V.A. Biosfernaya sovmestimost’: Tekhnologii vnedreniya innovatsiy. Goroda, razvivayushchie cheloveka [Biospheric Compatibility: Innovation Implementation Technologies. Human Development Cities]. Moscow, Knizhnyy dom “Librokom” Publ., 2011, 240 p.

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ENGINEERING GEOMETRY AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS

FORM GRAPHICS CONSTRUCTION OF A DOUBLE-PLATE FRAMEWORK THAT HAS AN ISO-RHOMBOIDAL STAR-LIKE SHAPE

  • Filin Yuriy Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Advisor-lecturer in Form Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow,129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 225-233

The author has generated an original solution of simulated surfaces of a doubleplate framework for the new iso-rhomboidal star-like shape that has 16 faces.The aforesaid solution was successfully applied in the construction of projectivegraphical images and in the design of basic models of plate frameworks generated in the form of two inter-crossing tetrahedrons.The bi-coloured solution has proven the original nature of the drawing thanks to the faces of both tetrahedrons. The computer simulation of images of new iso-rhomboidal star-like items contemplates a reliable transfer of separate dimensions of their faces and typical stripes of their lattices.Similarly, a bi-coloured plate framework for the new iso-rhomboidal star-like item may be produced. A 3D plate framework was successfully produced using the aforesaid drawings, inclusive of axonometric and graphic images of typical faces.Two types of plate modules were used in the design of the new iso-rhomboidal starlike shape. The new unique graphical solution implemented in the bi-coloured double-plate framework, produced using the module assembly method, has a practical importance for the purposes of design of landscape architecture products and major structural design projects.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.225-233

References
  1. Kartavtsev N.S., Georgievskiy O.V., Filin Yu.N. Izokonstruktor formograficheskogo postroeniya Zvezdchatogo Izoromboidnogo Superkompakta [Graphic Design of Construction of the Star-like Isorhomboidal Supecompact]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 60—64.
  2. Filin Yu.N., Kartavtsev N.S., Kartavtsev I.S. Formoobrazovanie triady piramid peresekayushchikhsya komponentnykh tetraedrov [Shape Formation of a Triad of Pyramids of Crossing Component Tetrahedrons]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroitel'stve i obrazovanii [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Construction Sciences and Education]. Collected Works of International Scientific Conference. MGSU Publ., 2011, vol. 2, pp. 769—773.
  3. Sovetskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' [Soviet Encyclopaedic Dictionary]. Moscow, Sovetskaya entsiklopediya publ., 1980, p. 1132.
  4. Filin Yu.N., Kartavtsev N.S., Kartavtsev I.S. Protoromboid-konstruktor formografiki enantiomorfnykh piramid [Proto-rhomboid Constructor of Form-Graphical Solutions of Enantiomorphous Pyramids]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 2, pp. 129—135.
  5. Filin Yu.N., Kartavtsev I.S., Kartavtsev N.S. Dvukhtsvetnoe reshenie formografiki komponentnykh tetraedrov [Bi-Coloured Form Graphics Solution for Component-Type Tetrahedrons]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 12—17.
  6. Moskvin M.A., Filin A.Yu., Filin Yu.N. Raskrytie fenomena geometricheskoy komponentnosti v arkhitekturnom prilozhenii-prezentatsii Arkhikub-konstruktora «Kvadroizokub» [Disclosure of Phenomenon of Geometrical Components in Architectural Application-Presentation of Constructor “Quadroisocube”]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 85—89.
  7. Kartavtsev I.S., Kartavtsev N.S., Filin Yu.N., editors: Telichenko V.I., Volkov A.A., Bilchuk I.L. Form Graphics Construction of Plate Frameworks for Componential Tetrahedrons. Collected works of the 14th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, pp. 146—147. Moscow, June 27—29, 2012.
  8. Gamayunov V.N. Obrazy virtual'nogo mira [Images of the Virtual World]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2004, pp. 150—154.
  9. Berzhe M. Geometriya [Geometry]. Moscow, MIR Publ., 1984, vol. 1, pp. 38—48.
  10. Wenninger M. Polyhedron Models. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1971, 236 p.
  11. Gusakov A.A., editor. Sistemotekhnika stroitel’stva. Entsyklopedicheskiy slovar’. [Construction Systems Engineering. Encyclopedia]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, p. 14.
  12. Bozhko Yu.G. Osnovy arkhitektoniki I kombinatoriki formoobrazovaniya [Basis of Architectonics and Combinatorics of the Forming]. Khar’kov, Vishcha shkola Publ., 1984, 184 p.
  13. Dykhovychnyy Yu.A., Zhukovskiy E.Z., Ermolov V.V. Sovremennye prostranstvennye konstruktsii (zhelezobeton, metall, derevo, plastmassy) [Modern 3D Structures (Reinforced Concrete, Metal, Wood, Plastic)]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 1991, 543 p.
  14. Filin Yu.N. Formograficheskoe postroenie plastinchatogo karkasa novoy zvezdchatoy formy [A Form-Graphics Construction of the Plate Framework for the New Star-like Form]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroitel'noy nauke i obrazovanii [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Construction Sciences and Education]. Collected Works of International Scientific Conference. MGSU Publ., 2012, pp. 797—801.

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PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE HEALTH SAVING PROGRAMME

  • Bumarskova Natal'ya Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lazareva Elena Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Physical Train- ing and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 234-238

The main objective of couches employed with MGSU Department of Physical Training and Sports consists in the improvement of the quality of physical training of specialists. Attainment of this objective requires new incentives, advanced knowledge sharing and dissemination technologies.Development and implementation of the software programme responsible for the monitoring of the psychophysical health of students and available 24 hours a day is one of the challenges of Department of Physical Training and Sports. One of the most important tasks to be solved by lecturers of higher education institutions is to teach students to assess their health. This task may also involve development of a software programme to serve as a uniform source of information needed for effective interaction between coaches (lecturers) and students.The software is being developed by Department of Physical Training and Sports in collaboration of Department of Mathematics and Informatics. When the software is in operation, the coaches will be able to monitor the physical condition of students. The software programme will also analyze the health data within the entire period of training of each student at an institution of higher education. All data will be automatically processed. The software programme will be a good self-check diary available at any time. All data entered into the database will be strictly confidential. Each registered student will have a personal page protected by the password and the login name; however, access to the general database will be available to lecturers and coaches who will be responsible for adjustments to personal health improvement and physical training programmes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.234-238

References
  1. Emel'yanova I.N. Pedagogicheskie vozmozhnosti ispol'zovaniya situatsii vybora v uchebno-vospitatel'nom protsesse [Implementation of the Choice Method in the Process of Education and Instruction]. Ekaterinburg, 1994, 20 p.
  2. Akhutina T.V. Zdorov'esberegayushchie tekhnologii obucheniya [Health Saving Technologies in Education]. Yaroslavskiy pedagogicheskiy vestnik [Yaroslavskiy News Bulletin of Educational Science]. 2002, no. 4, pp. 107—110.
  3. Kryzhanovskaya L.G. Zdorov'esberegayushchee obrazovatel'noe prostranstvo kak faktor opimizatsii lichnostnogo razvitiya studentov kolledzha [Health Saving Educational Space as the Factor of Optimization of Personal Development of College Students]. Orenburg, 2006, 48 p.
  4. Lazareva E.A. Formirovanie ustanovok kul'tury zdorov'ya u studentov posredstvom zdorov'ezberegayushchikh tekhnologiy [Formation of Student Health Culture Guidelines Using Health Saving Technologies]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of Physical Training Methodologies at Institutions of Higher Education]. Scientific and practical conference, MGSU. 2012, no. 5, p. 19.
  5. Shurkova N.E. Pedagogicheskaya tekhnologiya [Pedagogical Technology]. Moscow, Pedagogicheskoe obshchestvo Rossii Publ., 2002, 224 p.
  6. Bal'sevich V.K. Intellektual'nyy vektor fi zicheskoy kul'tury cheloveka [Intelligent Vector of Physical Training]. Teoriya i praktika fi z. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 1991, no. 7, pp. 37—41.
  7. Dmitrieva E.V. Novye tendentsii razvitiya vysshego obrazovaniya [New Trends in Development of Higher Education]. Obrazovatel'nye paradigmy rossiyskoy deystvitel'nosti [Educational Paradigms of the Russian Reality]. Orenburg, OVZRKU Publ., 2000, pp. 43—50.
  8. Drizhika A.G. K probleme optimizatsii sorevnovatel'noy deyatel'nosti putem podstroyki ee ritmo-tempovoy struktury pod individual'nyy neyrodinamicheskiy ritm [On the Problem of Optimization of Competitive Activities through Adjustment of the Structure of Its Rhythm and Tempo to the Individual Dynamic Rhythm]. Teoriya i praktika fi z. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 1992, no. 1, pp. 10—11.
  9. Filatov F.R. Psikhologicheskiy analiz sotsial'nykh predstavleniy o zdorov'e [Psychological Analysis of Social Ideas of Health]. Rostov-on-Don, 2001, 42 p.
  10. Bespal'ko V.P. Obrazovanie i obuchenie s uchastiem komp'yuterov (pedagogika tret'ego tysyacheletiya) [Computer-aided Education and Training (Pedagogy of the Third Millennium)]. Voronezh, MODEK, 2002, 250 p.

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PERSONALITY CENTERED APPROACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING

  • Krylova Liliya Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Pedagogical Sci- ences, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nikishkin Vasiliy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 239-243

The authors argue that professional psycho-physical training of MGSU students is to be based on a personality oriented approach due to varied levels of health, physical fitness and medical groups of students. A personality centered approach in physical training contemplates individual health improvement programmes, innovative technologies, consideration of comprehensive health monitoring data and implementation of individual training sessions developed for MGSU students with a view to their higher motivation in terms of their motion activity.Each MGSU student is to take physical training tests. They serve as the basis for individualized recommendations that encompass individual health improvement programmes and physical condition improvement plans. Coaches are to provide their advice at each stage of the process of testing and improvement of the physical health of students.The authors argue that the personality oriented approach generates a double benefit: besides its health-related bonuses, students get more involved in practicing physical training exercises and sports.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.239-243

References
  1. Krylova L.M. Individual'nyy podkhod v zanyatiyakh studentov SMG [Individual Approach to the Physical Training of Students of Special Medical Groups]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 291.
  2. Nikishkin V.A., Garnik V.S. Inovatsionnye aspekty fizicheskoy trenirovki v vuze [Innovative Aspects of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 30.
  3. Nikishkin V.A., Krylova L.M., Pshenichnikov A.N., Kramskoy S.I. Fizicheskaya kul'tura v stroitel'nykh vuzakh [Physical Training at Higher Education Institutions of Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 502—503.
  4. Rylova N.T. Organizatsionno-pedagogicheskie usloviya sozdaniya zdorov'esberegayushchey sredy obrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniy [Organizational and Pedagogical Prerequisites of the Health Improvement Environment at Educational Institutions]. Kemerovo, 2007, p. 12.
  5. Abaskalova N.P. Teoriya i praktika formirovaniya ZOZh uchashchikhsya i studentov v sisteme «shkola — vuz» [Theory and Practice of Healthy Lifestyles of Schoolchildren and Students within the Framework of Secondary and Higher Education]. Barnaul, 2000, 48 p.
  6. Nayn A.A. Problema zdorov'ya uchastnikov obrazovatel'nogo protsessa [Problem of Health of Contributors of the Educational Process]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 53—57.
  7. Vermeer A. Izmenenie podkhodov k okazaniyu podderzhki lyudyam s osobennostyami razvitiya [Customized Approaches to Support of Challenged Individuals]. Vestnik pedagogicheskikh innovatsiy [Bulletin of Pedagogical Innovations]. 2006, no. 1(5), pp. 33—37.
  8. Korzhova M.E. Zdorov'esberegayushchaya tekhnologiya osushchestvleniya obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v uchrezhdeniyakh srednego professional'nogo obrazovaniya [Health Saving Technology in the Educational Process at Institutions of Secondary Professional Education]. Chelyabinsk, 2007, 23 p.
  9. Kobyakov Yu.P. Model' zdorov'ya cheloveka kak strukturnaya osnova teorii zdorov'ya [Human Health Model as the Structural Basis for the Theory of Health]. Teoriya i praktika fiz. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 23—25.
  10. Putaev E.Z. Zdorov'esberegayushchie tekhnologii v obrazovatel'no-vospitatel'nom protsesse [Health Saving Technologies in the Process of Education and Instruction]. Stavropol, Servisshkola Publ., 2001, 400 p.
  11. Krylova L.M. Innovatsionnye tekhnologii v obrazovatel'nom protsesse [Innovative Technologies in the Educational Process]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 12.
  12. Serikov V.V. Lichnostnyy podkhod v obuchenii: ot kontseptsii k tekhnologiyam [Personality Centered Approach in Education: from the Concept to Technologies]. Problemy obnovleniya soderzhaniya obshchestvennogo razvitiya [Problems of Update of the Essence of Social Development]. Collected works, Rostov-on-Don, 1992, pp. 25—32.
  13. Sharkevich I.V. Teoretiko-sistemnyy podkhod k otsenke urovnya sostoyaniya zdorov'ya. Model' zdorov'ya [Theoretical and Systemic Approach to Assessment of Health. Health Model.] Valeologiya cheloveka: problemy teorii [Human Health Science: Problems of Theory]. 2000, no. 1, pp. 2—4.

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