Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2012/6

Vestnik MGSU 2012/6

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6

Articles count - 27

Pages - 165

ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

PECULIARITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF INSTITUTIONS OF SECONDARY EDUCATION IN MOSCOW IN THE 1920IES AND 1930IES

  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 6 - 10

Actions aimed at the generality of elementary education in the course of the period days of the industrialization and cultural revolution in the USSR is under discussion in the proposed paper. On the basis of the archived documents, organization of construction of school buildings in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies of the 20th century is analyzed.
It is noteworthy that industrialization in the periods of the first, second and third five-year plans reshaped the country and Moscow as its capital. Former suburbs turned into large industrial areas that had giant factories and housing built around them to accommodate workers. Thus, the population of Moscow grew in numbers.
The need for competent staff facilitated construction of new schools. Peculiarities of school construction in Moscow within the first five-year plan are considered in article on the basis of a school building in Likhobory in 1932. The school building design, work progress, assembly and interior, deadlines and problems of construction are specified. It is noteworthy that, despite any difficulties, 19 new school buildings were completed in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan. Classes were organized according to the principle of two shifts to implement the general education programme in 1932.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.6-10

References
  1. Boguslavskiy M.V. Reformy rossiyskogo obrazovaniya XIX—XX vv. kak global’nyy proekt [Reforms of the Russian Education in XIX-XX Centuries as a Global Project]. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Issues of Education]. 2006, no. 3, pp. 17—18.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul’tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Culture Matters: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp.133—135.
  3. M.A. Prokof’ev, editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [General Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, pp.191—196.
  4. Kiseleva T.G. Narodnoe obrazovanie i prosveshchenie v Rossii: real’nost’ i mify [General Education and Enlightenment in Russia: Reality and Myths]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 110—114.
  5. Andreevskiy G. V. Povsednevnaya zhizn’ Moskvy v Stalinskuyu epokhu. 1920—1930-e gody [Everyday Life of Moscow in the Stalin Era. 1920-1930s]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 116—120.
  6. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.1530. p. 21.
  7. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.1530, p. 26.
  8. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.7, p. 3.
  9. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow].F.528, op.1, d.7, p. 4.
  10. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.59, p. 4.

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UNREALIZED COMPETITIONS OF THE 1920-1930ies IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

  • Dudka Elena Nikolaevna - Kharkov National Academy of Municipal Economy (KNAME) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Senior Lecturer, +380 (050) 401-96-43, Kharkov National Academy of Municipal Economy (KNAME), 12 Revolyutsii St., Khar'kov-002, 61002, Ukraine; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 11 - 16

Analysis of organizational and methodical issues associated with architectural competitions of the 1920-1930ss and evaluation of their results are provided in the article. The role of the architectural development and historical, cultural, social and ideological backgrounds of the architectural competitions are also covered by the author. The review of architectural competitions makes it possible to identify their impact produced on the development of the theory and practice of architecture. The period between 1920 and 1930 was marked by a quantitative and qualitative boom of architectural design competitions. Analysis of the practice of architectural competitions makes it possible to identify periods of revolutionary transformations. The most prominent buildings that date back to these periods include theatre buildings in Kharkov, Rostov-Don, Sverdlovsk; a competition for the architectural design of the Gosprom Building in Kharkov; a competition for the architectural design of the Palace of Soviets in Moscow, etc. These competitions have shaped up new approaches to volume and space-related solutions as well as architectural forms.
Research of the integral process of development of approaches and/or methods of organization of architectural design competitions make it possible to identify their role as effective catalysts of architectural theory and practice.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.11-16

References
  1. Bass V. G. Peterburgskaya neoklassika 1900—1910-kh gg. Arkhitekturnye konkursy: zodchiy, tsekh, gorod [Petersburg Neoclassics of 1900-1910. Architectural Competitions: Architect, Workshop, City]. St.Petersburg, ÍP-Print Publ., 2005, 157 p.
  2. Dudka E.N. Vzaimovliyanie tvorcheskikh konkursov v arkhitekturnom protsesse 1920—1930-kh godov [Mutual Influence of Creative Competitions in the Architectural Process of the 1920-1930ies]. Problemy teorii i istorii arkhitektury Ukrainy [Problems of Theory and History of Architecture of the Ukraine]. Îdessa, Àstroprint Publ., 2010, no. 10, pp. 229—237.
  3. Kodin V.A. Rol’ arkhitekturnykh konkursov v razvitii arkhitekturnoy teorii i praktiki [Role of Architectural Competitions in Development of Architectural Theory and Practice]. Problemy teorii i istorii arkhitektury Ukrainy [Problems of Theory and History of Architecture of the Ukraine]. Îdessa, Àstroprint Publ., 2007, no. 7, pp. 236—268.
  4. Linda S.M. Neoklassitsizm kak «internatsional’nyy stil’ 20—30-kh gg. KhKh [Neo-classicism as the «International» Style of the 20-30ies of the ÕÕth Century]. Vestnik Donbasskoy natsional’noy akademii stroitel’stva i arkhitektury [Vestnyk DonNACEA]. Ìàkeevka, DonNACEA, 2006, no. 3, pp. 89—93.
  5. Maydurova M.D. Aktual’nost’ ispol’zovaniya ideynogo i obraznogo potentsialov «bumazhnoy» arkhitektury pervoy treti XX veka [Relevance of Employment of the Ideological and Imaginative Potential of the Paperwork Architecture in the First Decades of the 20th Century]. Arkhitekton Publ, 2005, no. 10, pp. 34—37.
  6. Khan-Magomedov S.O. V poiskakh nerealizovannogo naslediya [In Search for the Unrealized Heritage]. Arkhitektura SSSR [Architecture of the USSR], 1989, no. 5—6, pp. 57—61.
  7. Yuzbashev V.G. Konkurs: instruktsiya [Competition: Instruction]. Arkhitekturnyy vestnik [Architectural Bulletin], 2007, no. 1 (94). Available at: http://archvestnik.ru/ru/magazine/894.

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RECONSTRUCTION OF MOSCOW AFTER THE 1812 FIRE OF MOSCOW: NEW LOOK OF THE CITY

  • Molokova Tat'yana Alekseevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Chair, Department of History and Culturology, +7 (499) 183-21-29, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 17 - 22

considered in the article. The author analyzes the influence of the 1812 Patriotic War on the political and cultural life of Russia, as there had been a rise of national consciousness in Russia in the first decades of the 19th century related to the victory over Napoleon. The author drives particular attention to the historic fact that Moscow suffered a lot more than other Russian cities in the War of 1812; the city was completely destroyed by the fire. The author provides statistical data related to the city as of the autumn of 1812. Moscow reconstruction plan proposed by Mr. Gestle, architect, and the procedure of "Commissioning of Structures", drafted under the guidance of O.I. Bove, architect, are analyzed in detail. The author also covers the personal contribution made by O.I. Bove, his associates D.I. Zhilyardi and A.G. Grigor'ev, into the reconstruction of the city centre.
The article features the town-planning policy of 1820-1830 and patterns of late classicism in the Moscow architecture.
The article is dedicated to the year of the Russian history and one of its major events, the anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.17-22

References
  1. Gol’denberg P.I. Staraya Moskva [Old Moscow]. Moscow, Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Architecture, 1947, p. 57.
  2. Pokrovskaya Z.K. Osip Bove [Osip Bove]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1999, p. 103.
  3. Almazova N.M., Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P., Pavlinov V.V. Pamyatniki arkhitektury. Inzhenernye obsledovaniya [Architectural Monuments. Engineering Examinations]. Moscow, ASV Publ., no. 1, 2003, p. 89.
  4. Sytin P.V. Iz istorii moskovskikh ulits [Abstracts from the History of Moscow Streets]. Moskovskiy Rabochiy Publ., 1958, p. 110.
  5. Budylina M.V. Planirovka i zastroyka Moskvy posle pozhara 1812 goda [Planning and Building of Moscow after the Fire of 1812]. Moscow, Arhitekturnoe Nasledstvo [Architectural Heritage]. Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1951, no. 1, p. 157.
  6. Ikonnikov A.V. Tysyacha let russkoy arkhitektury [One Thousand Years of Russian Architecture]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1990, p. 311.

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MONUMENTS TO THE PATRIOTIC WAR OF 1812

  • Frolov Vladimir Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 23 - 28

The article covers a relevant historical and cultural problem of elaboration and maintenance of monuments of the military glory of 1812. The author considers various architectural and sculptural monuments illustrating heroic events of Patriotic war of 1812, built in the two Russian capitals - Moscow and Saint Petersburg in different historical periods, and also in primordial Russian towns, such as Smolensk, Vyazma, and Maloyaroslavets. Architectural and composition-related features of this or that monument erected against the background of historic events of the war of 1812 are analyzed in detail. The author demonstrates the links between architecture and sculpture within the framework of town-planning solutions implemented in the pieces that have found their places in the towns enlisted above.
The value of symbols of the Victory and Glory of the Russian army and the Russian people is marked. The names of the most famous heroes of this war, starting from a field marshal and ending with a soldier are inscribed.
By addressing the historical and cultural heritage of Russia, the author informs readers about the most significant events of the war. The author mentions an acute problem of the modernity, that is, preservation and restoration of monuments, and shares his view point.
The value of the historic and cultural heritage of Russia for military and patriotic education is emphasized. The article is prepared within the framework of the year of the Russian history.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.23-28

References
  1. Smirnov A.A. Moskva – geroyam 1812 goda [Moscow Contribution Addressed to the Heroes of 1812]. Moscow, Moskovskiy Rabochiy Publ., 1977, p. 148.
  2. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki kul’tury Moskvy: iz proshlogo v budushchee [Monuments of Culture of Moscow: from the Past into the Future]. Moscow, ASV Publ., p. 85.
  3. Ashik V.A. Pamyatniki i medali v pamjyat’ boevyh podvigov russkoy armii 1812 g. [Monuments and Medals Commemorating the Fighting Feats of the Russian Army in 1812]. St.Petersburg, 1913, p. 144.
  4. Piliyavskiy V.I. Russkie triumfal’nye pamyatniki [Monuments to the Russian Triumph]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1960, p. 56.
  5. Kirichenko E.I. Hram Hrista Spasitelya v Moskve [Church of the Christ the Savior in Moscow]. Moscow, Planeta Publ., 1992, p. 260.
  6. Pamyatniki arhitektury Leningrady [Architectural Monuments of Leningrad]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1976, p. 150.

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

OPERATOR-RELATED FORMULATION OF THE EIGENVALUE PROBLEM FOR THE BOUNDARY PROBLEM OF ANALYSIS OF A THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE WITH PIECEWISE-CONSTANT PHYSICAL AND GEOMETRICAL PARAMETERS ALONGSIDE THE BASIC DIRECTION WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE DISCRETE-CONTINUAL APPROACH

  • Akimov Pavel Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Science, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics +7 (499) 183-59-94, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mozgaleva Marina Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics +7 (499) 183-59-94, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337; Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sidorov Vladimir Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Advisor of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Science; Chair, Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, +7 (499) 183-59-94, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 29 - 36

The proposed paper covers the operator-related formulation of the eigenvalue problem of analysis of a three-dimensional structure that has piecewise-constant physical and geometrical parameters alongside the so-called basic direction within the framework of a discrete-continual approach (a discrete-continual finite element method, a discrete-continual variation method).
Generally, discrete-continual formulations represent contemporary mathematical models that become available for computer implementation. They make it possible for a researcher to consider the boundary effects whenever particular components of the solution represent rapidly varying functions. Another feature of discrete-continual methods is the absence of any limitations imposed on lengths of structures. The three-dimensional problem of elasticity is used as the design model of a structure. In accordance with the so-called method of extended domain, the domain in question is embordered by an extended one of an arbitrary shape. At the stage of numerical implementation, relative key features of discrete-continual methods include convenient mathematical formulas, effective computational patterns and algorithms, simple data processing, etc. The authors present their formulation of the problem in question for an isotropic medium with allowance for supports restrained by elastic elements while standard boundary conditions are also taken into consideration.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.29-36

References
  1. Zolotov A.B., Akimov P.A., Sidorov V.N., Mozgaleva M.L. Diskretnye i diskretno-kontinual’nye realizatsii metoda granichnykh integral’nykh uravneniy [Discrete and Discrete-Continual Versions of Boundary Integral Equation Method]. Moscow, MSUCE, 2011, 368 p.
  2. Zolotov A.B., Akimov P.A., Sidorov V.N., Mozgaleva M.L. Diskretno-kontinual’nye metody rascheta sooruzheniy [Discrete-Continual Methods of Structural Analysis]. Moscow, Arhitektura-S Publ., 2010, 336 p.
  3. Zolotov A.B., Akimov P.A., Sidorov V.N., Mozgaleva M.L. Chislennye i analiticheskie metody rascheta stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Numerical and Analytical Methods of Structural Analysis]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 336 p.
  4. Shilov G.E. Matematicheskiy analiz. Vtoroy spetsial’nyy kurs. [Mathematical Analysis. Second Special Course]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1965, 327 p.
  5. Slivker V.I. Stroitel’naya mekhanika. Variatsionnye osnovy [Structural Mechanics. Variation Fundamentals]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2005, 736 p.

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MODELING OF THE REAL SYSTEM «STRUCTURE-FOUNDATION-BEDDING» THROUGH THE EMPLOYMENT OF A MODEL OF A TWO-LAYER BEAM OF VARIABLE RIGIDITY RESTING ON THE ELASTIC BEDDING

  • Andreev Vladimir Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chair, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Barmenkova Elena Vyacheslavovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Science, Associate Professor, Department of the Strength of materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 37 - 41

In the paper, the authors provide the results of analysis of a real construction facility performed with the help of a model of a two-layer beam of variable rigidity resting on the elastic bedding. The bottom layer of a two-layer beam simulates the foundation, the upper payer stands for the structure, and the weight of each layer is taken into consideration. The characteristics of the upper layer change alongside its length. Analytical and numerical methods of calculation were applied to solve this problem.
The analytical solution is based on the method of initial parameters and backed by the practical data extracted from "Frame and Towerlike Buildings: Mattress Foundation Design Manual". According to the above manual, whenever the length-to-width ratio of a building exceeds 1.5, one-dimensional pattern composed of a composite beam resting on the elastic bedding may be used. The beam is divided into several sections, and deflection of each section is identified. It is equal to the settlements of the bedding surface. The rigidity change alongside the length of each section is assumed to be permanent, i.e. the beam is considered as the one that demonstrates its piecewise-constant rigidity.
The following conclusion can be made on the basis of the calculations performed by the authors: the calculation of the «structure-foundation-bedding» system may require a simplified model representing composite beams and plates resting on the elastic bedding. More accurate models, such as sets of finite elements, are recommend for use in conjunction with simplified ones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.37-41

References
  1. Barmenkova E.V., Andreev V.I. Izgib dvukhsloynoy balki na uprugom osnovanii s uchetom izmeneniya zhestkosti balki po dline [Deflection of the Two-layer Beam Resting on the Elastic Bedding with Consideration for the Beam Rigidity Change Alongside Its Length]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering, vol. 7, no. 3, 2011, pp. 50—54.
  2. Klepikov S.N. Raschet konstrukcij na uprugom osnovanii [Analysis of Structures Resting on Elastic Bedding]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1967, 184 p.
  3. Rukovodstvo po proektirovaniyu plitnykh fundamentov karkasnykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy bashennogo tipa. Design of Mattress Foundations of Frame Buildings and Towerlike Structures. The Manual. Scientific and Research Institute of Beddings and Foundations named after N.M. Gersevanov. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1984, 263 p.
  4. SP 50-101—2004 [Construction Rules 50-101—2004]. Proektirovanie i ustroystvo osnovaniy I fundamentov zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Design and Construction of Beddings and Foundations of Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, FGUP TsPP Publ., 2005.
  5. Andreev V.I., Barmenkova E.V. Izgib dvukhsloynoy balki na uprugom osnovanii s uchetom massovykh sil [Deflection of the Two-layer Beam Resting on the Elastic Bedding with Consideration for the Bulk Forces]. Proceedings of the XVIII Polish-Russian-Slovak Seminar «Theoretical Foundation of Civil Engineering». Warsaw, 2009, pp. 51—56.

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DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL MODELS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FOUNDATIONS OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES IN THE DENSE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

  • Koreneva Elena Borisovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, +7(499) 183-59-94, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 42 - 47

The author proposes analytical methods of analysis of foundation slabs in the dense environment of present-day cities and towns. The two analytical models, including the model of semi-infinite and finite beams are considered. The influence produced by adjacent tunnels, deep excavations and foundation pits is examined. Bedding properties are described through the employment of the Winkler model. Account of additional deflections and angles of deflections must be taken in the above-mentioned cases.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.42-47

References
  1. Sheynin V.I., Pushilin A.N. Razrabotka inzhenernoy skhemy rascheta konstruktsiy zdaniy s uchetom smeshcheniy zemnoy poverkhnosti [Development of an Engineering Model for Computation of Structures of Buildings with Account for Displacements of the Earth Surface]. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference TAR-Russia. Moscow, 2002, pp. 463—467.
  2. Il’ichev V.A., Nikiforova N.S., Koreneva E.B. Metod rascheta deformatsiy zdaniy vblizi glubokikh kotlovanov [Method of Computation of Deformations of Buildings in Proximity to Deep Pits]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Beddings, Foundations and Soil Mechanics]. 2006, no. 6, pp. 2—6.
  3. Koreneva E.B., Grosman V.R. Raschet lentochnogo fundamenta vblizi glubokoy vyemki [Computation of Strip Foundation in Proximity to Deep Pits]. Proceedings of International Conference on Geomechanics «Development of Cities and Geotechnical Engineering». St.Petersburg, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 146—152.
  4. Koreneva E.B. Voprosy analiticheskogo modelirovaniya raboty polubeskonechnykh fundamentov, raspolozhennykh vblizi glubokikh vyemok ili kotlovanov [Problems of Analytical Simulation of Behaviour of Semi-infinite Foundations in Proximity to Deep Excavations and Pits]. Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2012, no. 1, pp. 12—18.
  5. Korenev B.G. Voprosy rascheta balok i plit na uprugom osnovanii [Problems of Analysis of Beams and Plates resting on Elastic Foundation]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1954, 231 p.

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MODEL OF SYNTHESIS OF A HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE SYSTEM DESIGNATED FOR AN INTELLIGENT OFFICE BUILDING

  • Ogirenko Andrey Grigor'evich - Naftam-INPRO Joint Stock Company Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director of Department, +7 (495) 228-77-00, Naftam-INPRO Joint Stock Company, Building 1, 4 Yakimanskaya Embankment, Moscow, 119180, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 48 - 53

The problem of synthesis of technology-intensive constituents of an intelligent office system, implemented in advanced office buildings, is the subject matter of this article. On the basis of the proposed classification and the analysis performed by the author, the general structure of the multilevel distributed system, that has radial treelike lines of communications, is developed. The structure of the intelligent office system designated for advanced real estate facilities represents an integration of two structures, including the functional constituent and the hardware constituent. The model of optimization of the hardware constituent is proposed by the author. The article also contains an overview of the model implementation within the framework of a set of intelligent buildings in the centre of Moscow.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.48-53

References
  1. Mesarovich M., Takakhara Ya. Obshchaya teoriya sistem: matematicheskie osnovy [General Systems Theory: Mathematical Foundations]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1978.
  2. Buslenko N.P. Modelirovanie slozhnykh system [Modeling of Composite Systems]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1978.
  3. Tsvirkun A.D. Struktura slozhnykh system [Structure of Composite Systems]. Moscow, Sovetskoe Radio Publ., 1975.
  4. Ogirenko A.G. Prikladnye modeli ekonometriki. Mezhdunarodnyy forum informatizatsii MFI-93. Vsemirnyy kongress ITS-93 «Informatsionnye kommunikatsii, seti, sistemy i tekhnologii» [Applied Models of Econometrics. International Forum of Informatization MFI-93. World Congress ITS-93. Information Communication, Networks, Systems and Technologies]. Moscow, 1993.
  5. Ogirenko A.G., Smirnov M.I. Reshenie ekologicheskikh voprosov pri sokhranenii i reabilitatsii arkhitekturnogo kompleksa zdaniy tekstil'noy fabriki v istoricheskom tsentre Moskvy [Resolution of Ecological Problems as part of Conservation and Rehabilitation of Buildings of the Textile Factory in the Historic Centre of Moscow]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory, 2009, no. 9.

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USE OF GEOSYNTHETIC CASINGS IN HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

  • Piyavskiy Semen Avraamovich - Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, +7 (846) 242-17-84, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU), 194 Molodogvardeyskaya st., Samara, 443001, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rodionov Maksim Vladimirovich - Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Assistant Lecturer, Department of Nature Protection and Hydraulic Engineering Structures 8 (846) 242-21-71, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, 194 Molodogvardejskaja St., Samara, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kholopov Igor' Serafimovich - Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Metal and Timber Structures, +7 (846) 242-17-84, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU), 194 Molodogvardeyskaya st., Samara, 443001, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 54 - 61

The article covers the use of geosynthetic casings in hydraulic engineering. The authors describe the structure of earth dams that have geosynthetic casings used as the reinforcement of downstream slopes. Results of stability calculations are provided.
The authors consider several examples of effective application of advanced geosynthetic materials used in combination with local building materials as structural elements of hydraulic engineering facilities. Their analysis has demonstrated a strong potential and expediency of application of geosynthetic casings in the course of construction and renovation of low-pressure earth dams.
The authors have also developed a new structure of an earth dam. The new earth dam has geosynthetic casings used as structural reinforcing elements of the crown and the downstream slope. The dam structure contemplates the overflow of high water. The structural strengths of the proposed solution include a smaller material consumption rate, lower labour intensiveness and cost of the slope reinforcement due to the application of local building materials used to fill the casings, fast and easy depositing of slope reinforcing elements, and high workability of its dismantling for repair purposes.
The authors have also completed the analysis of stability of geosynthetic casings of downstream slopes of an earth dam. The analysis has proven high efficiency of a small slope ratio in combination with its anchorage and reinforcement of the downstream toe with the help of high-strength geogrids.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.54-61

References
  1. Zatvornitskiy O.G. Konstruktsii iz myagkikh obolochek v gidrotekhnicheskom stroitel’stve [Structures Made of Soft Casings in Hydraulic Engineering]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1975, 143 p.
  2. Krest’yaninov A.M., Pravdivets Yu.P. Oblegchennye pavodkovye vodosbrosy gruntov plotin [Lightweight High Water Collectors of Earth Dams]. Gidrotekhnika i melioratsiya, 1978, no. 4, pp. 44—50.
  3. Mironov V.V., Mironov D.V., Chikishev V.M., Shapovalo A.F Ispol’zovanie myagkikh geosinteticheskikh obolochechnykh konstruktsiy v stroitel’stve [Use of Soft Geosynthetic Casing Structures in Construction]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2005, 64 p.
  4. Balzannikov M.I., Rodionov M.V. Patent RF 2432432, MPK E02B7/06. Perelivnaya gruntovaya plotina [Overflow Earth Dam]. Application no. 2010126843; Bulletin no. 30, 8 p.
  5. Sergeev B.I., Stepanov P.M., Shumakov B.B. Myagkie konstruktsii v gidrotekhnicheskom stroitel’stve [Soft Structures in Hydraulic Engineering]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 1984, 101 p.
  6. Cantre S. Geotextile tubes–analytical design aspects. Department of Landscape Construction and Waste Management, University of Rostock, Justus–von–Liebig–Weg 6, 18059. Rostock:, Germany, 2001, pp. 305—319.
  7. Leshchinsky D., Leshchinsky ?., Gilbert ?. Geosynthetic Tubes for Confining Pressurized Slurry: Some Design. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 1996, August, pp. 682—690.
  8. Stephens T.C., Dymond B.Z., Plaut R.H. Patent US 2009/0208288 A1, Int. Cl. E02B 11/00. Geotextile Tube with Flat Ends. Appl. No. 12/370.233; publ. date. Aug. 20, 2009, 8 p.
  9. Sobolewski J., Wilke M. Georury wype?nione piaskiem w budownictwie wodnym i morskim Wymiarowanie i praktyczne przyk?ady zastosowa?. In?ynieria morska i geotechnika, 2011, no. 1, pp. 34—43.
  10. Pilarczyk K. Alternatives for Coastal Protection. Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 2008, no. 23, November, pp. 181—188.
  11. Zengerink E. TenCate Geosystems in Marine International Geosynthetics Society (UK Chapter). Available at: http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/webdav/site/GSL/shared/pdfs/misc/TenCate_IGS_meeting_UK.pdf. Date of access: 20.03.12.

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LINEAR BUNDLES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF COINCIDENCE OF CIRCLE AND ELLIPSE

  • Polezhaev Yuriy Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, member of International Union of Russian Artists, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 6 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-24-83; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Borisova Anzhelika Yur'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 6 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-24-83; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kondrat'eva Tat'yana Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Chair, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 62 - 67

Compositions represented by geometrical graphic models of circular and elliptical shapes enjoy wide application in architectural and interior design. The research of variations of coincidences of circles and ellipses is a relevant subject of exploration. In the paper, the authors analyze some of the multiplicity of coincidences, and an example of their practical implementation (a church dome model). The section of an object is "amalgamated" into the architectural concept of the structure, the relief and theological ideas.
Geometric interlinks, compositions and figurations of interconnected diameters, circular and elliptical arcs, their tangency, incidences and interspaces have always been of interest to researchers; they have triggered the search for harmonious and rational solutions in civil engineering and architecture. Advancements in theoretical geometrography and its software applications facilitate new solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.62-67

References
  1. Gil’berd D., Kon-Fossen S. Naglyadnaya geometriya [Visual Geometry]. Moscow, Gos. izd. tekhniko-teoriticheskoy literatury [State Publishing House of Theoretical Engineering Literature], 1951.
  2. Korn G. Spravochnik po matematike [Mathematics Reference Book]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974.
  3. Polezhaev Yu.O. Ratsional’nye proportsii arkhitekturno-stroitel’nykh ob”ektov v proektsionnoy geometrii [Rational Proportions of Architectural and Civil Engineering Structures in Projective Geometry], a monography. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010.
  4. Kondrat’eva T.M., Polezhaev Yu.O. Chastnye voprosy geometrografii primenitel’no k sisteme «Pole-M» i kvadrature kruga [Peripheral Issues of Geometrography If Applied to Pole-M System and Squaring of Circle], collected works. Moscow, MSUCE, 2006.
  5. Saprykina N.A. Osnovy dinamicheskogo formoobrazovaniya v arkhitekture [Basics of Dynamic Shape Formation in Architecture]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2005.

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INTERACTION BETWEEN THE IMMEDIATE SUPPORT AND THE ROCK MASSIF CLOSE TO RECTILINEAR BOUNDARIES OF THE HALF-PLANE

  • Nizomov Dzhakhongir Nizomovich - Institute of Geology, Antiseismic Construction and Seismology Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Member, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan; Director, Laboratory of Theoretical Seismic Resistance and Modeling, +7 (992) 919-35-57-34, Institute of Geology, Antiseismic Construction and Seismology, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan; 267 Ayni St., Dushanbe, 734029, Tajikistan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khodzhiboev Abduaziz Abdusattorovich - Tajik Technical University named after academic M.S. Osimi Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Chair, Department of Structural Mechanics and Seismic Resistance of Structures, +7 (992) 918-89-35-14, Tajik Technical University named after academic M.S. Osimi, 10 Akademikov Radzhabovyh St., Dushanbe, 734042, Republic of Tajikistan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 68 - 72

In the article, the authors analyze the stress-strain state of structural contours of subterranean structures located at different distances from the boundary of the half-plane. The authors provide a numerical solution through the employment of the method of boundary equations. The problem represents reinforced holes exposed to uniform internal pressure and tensile stress in the direction that is parallel to the boundary of the half-plane. If the pre-set load applied to a particular section of the half-space is taken into account, the reciprocal theorem is used to derive Somigliana's identity for a reinforced hole located in the semi-infinite domain. This equation identifies the component of displacement in a point within the ring, within the elastic half-space or the ground line. Contours of simulation models, conditions of compatibility and equilibrium alongside the contact boundary are discrete, and the system of algebraic equations is derived on their basis. Results of numerical experiments substantiate the accuracy and convergence of the proposed algorithm.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.68-72

References
  1. Mavlyutov R.R. Kontsentratsiya napryazheniy v elementakh aviatsionnykh konstruktsiy [Concentration of Stresses in Elements of Aircraft Structures]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1981, 141 p.
  2. Bulychev N.S. Mekhanika podzemnykh sooruzheniy [Mechanics of Subterranean Structures]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1982, 272 p.
  3. Barbakadze V.S., Murakami S. Raschet i proektirovanie stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy v deformiruemykh sredakh [Calculation and Design of Building Structures and Constructions in Deformable Media]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989, 472 p.
  4. Novatskiy V. Teoriya uprugosti [Theory of Elasticity]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1975, 872 p.
  5. Brebbiya K., Telles Zh., Vroubel L. Metody granichnykh elementov [Methods of Boundary Elements]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1987, 524 p.
  6. Nizomov D.N. Metod granichnykh uravneniy v reshenii staticheskikh i dinamicheskikh zadach stroitel’noy mekhaniki [Method of Boundary Equations Employed to Solve Static and Dynamic Problems of Structural Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2000, 282 p.
  7. Jeffery G.B. Plane Stress and Plane Strain in Bipolar Coordinates. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London), Ser. A 221, 265—293 (1920).
  8. Mindlin R.D. Stress Distribution around a Hole near the Edge of a Plate under Tension. Proc. Soc. Exptl. Stress. Anal. 5, 56—68 (1948).
  9. Timoshenko S.P., Goodyear J. Teoriya uprugosti [Theory of Elasticity]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1975, 575 p.

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

HIGH-QUALITY ORNAMENTAL FINE CONCRETES MODIFIED BY NANOPARTICLES OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE

  • Bazhenov Yuriy Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Technologies of Cohesive Materials and Concretes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Korolev Evgeniy Valer'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Lukuttsova Natal'ya Petrovna - Bryansk State Academy of Engineering and Technology (BSAET) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor +7 (4832) 74-60-08, +7 (4832) 74-05-13, Bryansk State Academy of Engineering and Technology (BSAET), 3 pr. St.-Dimitrova, Bryansk, 241037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zavalishin Sergey Iosifovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Chudakova Ol'ga Andreevna - Bryansk State Academy of Engineering and Technology (BSAET) postgraduate student, +7 (4832) 74-60-08, +7 (4832) 59-56-39, Bryansk State Academy of Engineering and Technology (BSAET), 3 pr. St.-Dimitrova, Bryansk, 241037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 73 - 78

Ultrasonic method of generation of a stable suspension of nano-particles of titanium dioxide and the strengthening properties of the ornamental fine concrete that contains cement binders with a nano-dispersed additive constitute the subject of the research covered by the authors. Nanoparticles react with the basic chemical elements that compose the concrete and act as crystallization centres. Therefore, the concrete porosity is reduced, while physical and technology-related properties of the ornamental fine concrete are improved.
The authors have proven that the application of the nano-dispersed additive that contains titanium dioxide influences the processes of the structure formation in respect of fine ornamental concretes and improves the strength, as well as the water and cold resistance of fine concretes. The improvement is attributed to the dense concrete structure and strong adhesion between cement grains and between the cement and the aggregate. This conclusion is based on the data obtained through the employment of an electronic microscope used to identify the porosity of fine concretes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.73-78

References
  1. Drinberg A.S., Kalinskaya T.V., Itsko E.F. Neorganicheskie pigmenty, proizvodstvo i perspektivy [Inorganic Pigments, Production and Prospects]. Lakokrasochnye materialy i ikh primenenie [Paint-and-Lacquer Materials and Application]. 2007, no. 12, pp. 20—28.
  2. Latyshev Yu.V., Lenev L.M. Tseny na TiO2 — stabil’ny!? Chego mogut zhdat’ potrebiteli etogo syr’ya? [Prices for TiO2: are They Stable!? What Can Consumers Expect of This Material?] Lakokrasochnye materialy i ikh primenenie [Paint-and-Lacquer Materials and Application]. 2007, no. 12, pp. 12—19.
  3. Lukuttsova N.P., Chudakova O.A., Khotchenkov P.V. Dekorativno-otdelochnye izdeliya na osnove nanomodifitsiruyushchey dobavki [Ornamental Finishing Products That Contain Nano-Modifiers]. Vestnik BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova [Proceedings of Voronezh State University of Technology]. 2011, pp. 67—72.

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RESEARCH OF SYNERGETIC PROPERTIES OF HIGH-STRENGTH STRUCTURAL STEEL 14Х2GMR IN THE AFTERMATH OF EXPOSURE TO HEAT TREATMENT

  • Gustov Yuriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Profes- sor, Department of Machinery, Machine Elements and Process Metallurgy; +7 (499) 183-94-95, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Rus- sian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Allattouf Hassan Lattouf - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanic Equip- ment, Details of Machines and Technology of Metals, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79 - 82

The article represents a brief overview of the properties of steel type 14X2GMR (Russian standards), a high-performance synergetic structural steel exposed to different modes of heat treatment.
The author demonstrates that the best set of the steel properties was obtained upon its normalization (Option 5). An alternative option is Option 1 (water quenching). This steel demonstrates its ≈ 1,0, which indicates the proximity between the uniform δр value and the concentrated δc value as the constituents of δ, the elongation value.
The best set of δр ,Ψр ,p, c, Кзт and p/c values is demonstrated by the steel at the normal temperature of 20 °C. An alternative set of criteria properties is identified at -60 °С.
The final choice of the optimal heat treatment mode and the operating temperature is recommended to be based on the maximal values of = p/c and the static viscosity
c = 0,5(k - σT)1n[1/(1 - Ψ)].
Given the resistance of steel to cracking during welding (Δ= 1,5; PSK= -0,25<0), it can be recommended for heavy-duty welded parts and assemblies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.79-82

References
  1. Bol’shakov V.I. Substrukturnoe uprochnenie konstruktsionnykh staley [Substructural Strengthening of Structural Steels], a monograph. Canada, 1998, 316 p.
  2. Spravochnik po spetsial’nym rabotam. Svarochnye raboty v stroitel’stve [Reference Book of Specialty Assignments. Welding in Construction]. Moscow, 1971, Part 1, 464 p.

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FOAM CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT BY BASALT FIBRES

  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rudnitskaya Viktoriya Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) master student, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 83 - 87

The authors demonstrate that the foam concrete performance can be improved by dispersed reinforcement, including methods that involve basalt fibres. They address the results of the foam concrete modeling technology and assess the importance of technology-related parameters. Reinforcement efficiency criteria are also provided in the article.
Dispersed reinforcement improves the plasticity of the concrete mix and reduces the settlement crack formation rate. Conventional reinforcement that involves metal laths and rods demonstrates its limited application in the production of concrete used for thermal insulation and structural purposes. Dispersed reinforcement is preferable. This technology contemplates the infusion of fibres into porous mixes. Metal, polymeric, basalt and glass fibres are used as reinforcing components.
It has been identified that products reinforced by polypropylene fibres demonstrate substantial abradability and deformability rates even under the influence of minor tensile stresses due to the low adhesion strength of polypropylene in the cement matrix.
The objective of the research was to develop the type of polypropylene of D500 grade that would demonstrate the operating properties similar to those of Hebel and Ytong polypropylenes. Dispersed reinforcement was performed by the basalt fibre. This project contemplates an autoclave-free technology to optimize the consumption of electricity. Dispersed reinforcement is aimed at the reduction of the block settlement in the course of hardening at early stages of their operation, the improvement of their strength and other operating properties. Reduction in the humidity rate of the mix is based on the plasticizing properties of fibres, as well as the application of the dry mineralization method.
Selection of optimal parameters of the process-related technology was performed with the help of G-BAT-2011 Software, developed at Moscow State University of Civil Engineering. The authors also provide their overview of intellectual property rights and an economic efficiency assessment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.83-87

References
  1. Novitskiy A.G., Efremov M.V. Volokno iz gornykh porod dlya armirovaniya betonov [Rock Fibres Designated for Concrete Reinforcement]. Proceedings of the 7th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference in Belokurikha. Moscow, Khimmash Publ., 2007, pp. 116—120.
  2. Sakharov G.P., Strebitskiy V.P., Voronin V.A. Novaya effektivnaya tekhnologiya neavtoklavnogo porobetona [New Effective Technology of the Autoclave-Free Concrete]. Stroitel’nye materialy i obrudovanie tekhnologii XX veka [Building Materials and Equipment Technologies of the 20th Century]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 28—29.
  3. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V. Lokal’naya analiticheskaya optimizatsiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov [Local Analytical Optimization of Technology-related Processes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 273—279.

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IMPACT GRINDING OF DAMP MATERIALS

  • Ladaev Nikolay Mikhaylovich - Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Manufacturing of Building Materials +7 (4932) 41-39-06, Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU), 20 8ogo Marta St., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Guyumdzhyan Perch Pogosovich - Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Manufacturing of Building Materials, Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU), 20 8ogo Marta St., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.
  • Zhbanova Elena Valentinovna - Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Manufacturing of Building Materials, +7 (4932) 41-39-06, Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU), 20 8ogo Marta St., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 88 - 91

According to the authors of the article, it has been proven that dry and damp materials crushed in grinders of the shock type demonstrate different grinding patterns. Therefore, there is a need to explore the influence of the moisture content produced on the efficiency of grinding. The most efficient grinding mode is the one that assures maximal probability of destruction.
Centrifugal grinders were used to analyze the grinding process. The experimental data have proven that the probability of destruction of damp samples is a lot higher than the one of dry samples, given the same initial dimensions of particles and the loading intensity.
The rise in the probability of destruction is stipulated by the fact that that the grinder speed at which crushing is triggered is lower in case of damp samples than in case of dry ones. Expressions for speed that describes destruction initiation and the probability of destruction depending on the type of materials, the moisture content and the loading intensity have been derived.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.88-91

References
  1. Ladaev N.M., Zhbanova E.V., Guyumdzhyan P.P. Obezvozhivanie khrupkikh materialov pri udarnom nagruzhenii [Dehydration of Fragile Materials in the Course of Impact Grinding]. Izvestiya VUZov. Khimiya i khimicheskaya tekhnologiya [Bulletins of Institutions of Higher Education. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering]. 2010, vol. 53, no. 1, 6, 7.
  2. Zhbanova E.V. Obezvozhivanie khrupkikh materialov pri razrushenii [Dehydration of Fragile Materials in the Course of Crushing]. Proceedings of the 4th Scientific Conference of Postgraduates and Unenrolled Postgraduates. IGASU, Ivanovo, 2005, p. 88.
  3. Ladaev N.M., Guyumdzhyan P.P. O veroyatnosti razrusheniya khrupkogo materiala udarom [About the Probability of Impact Grinding of Fragile Materials]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Restructuring]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 43—47.
  4. Ladaev N.M., Guyumdzhyan P.P., Zhbanova E.V., Markov V.V., Kiseleva E.V. Izmel’chenie izvestnyaka pri odnokratnom nagruzhenii kak faktor protsessa prigotovleniya tekhnologicheskoy zhidkosti dlya obrabotki materialov rezaniem i tekhnologii stroitel’nykh materialov [Milling of the Limestone by Means of Single Loading as the Factor of the Process of Preparation of the Process Fluid Designated for the Cutting of Materials and the Technology of Building Materials]. Vestnik IGEU [Proceedings of Ivanovo State Power Engineering University]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 59—61.
  5. Ladaev N.M., Guyumdzhyan P.P., Zhbanova E.V. Obezvozhivanie izvestnyaka v mel’nitsakh udarnogo nagruzheniya [Dehydration of Limestone in Shock Type Mills]. Collected papers of the 17th International Scientific and Practical Conference “Information Media of Higher Education Institutions”. Ivanovo, 2010.
  6. Dmitrieva L.A. K voprosu ob izmel’chenii odinochnoy chastitsy udarom [About the Impact Grinding of a Single Particle]. Collected papers of the 11th International Scientific and Practical Conference “Information Media of Higher Education Institutions”. Ivanovo, 2004.
  7. Dmitrieva L.A., Guyumdzhyan P.P. Vliyanie skorosti razrusheniya chastitsy na granulometricheskiy sostav [Influence of the Particle Crushing Speed on the Granulometric Composition]. Collected papers of the 12th International Scientific and Practical Conference “Information Media of Higher Education Institutions”. Ivanovo, 2005.
  8. Ladaev N.M., Guyumdzhyan P.P., Zhbanova E.V. Ob izmel’chenii materialov v mel’nitse udarnogo deystviya [About the Crushing of Materials in the Mill of the Shock Type]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Restructuring]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 59—63.
  9. Yasinskiy F.N., Guyumdzhyan P.P., Dmitrieva L.A. Nekotorye obobshcheniya eksperimental’nykh issledovaniy udarnogo razrusheniya khrupkikh materialov [Some Conclusions of Experimental Research of Impact Grinding of Fragile Materials]. XII Benardosov Readings, collected papers of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. Ivanovo, 2005.
  10. Zhbanova E.V., Guyumdzhyan P.P., Ladaev N.M. Obezvozhivanie pri deformatsii i razrushenii khrupkikh materialov [Dehydration in the Course of Deformation and Crushing of Fragile Materials]. Collected papers of the 12th International Scientific and Practical Conference “Information Media of Higher Education Institutions”. Ivanovo, 2005, pp. 622—623.

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SOLUTION TO THE BOUNDARY PROBLEM OF HEAT AND WATER TRANSMISSION IN A LAYER OF A LOOSE DISPERSE MATERIAL EXEMPLIFIED BY MILLED PEAT EXPOSED TO INFRARED HEATING

  • Pavlov Mikhail Vasil'evich - Vologda State Technical University (VoSTU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Heat, Supply and Ventilation, Vologda State Technical University (VoSTU), 15 Lenina st., Vologda, 160000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Karpov Denis Fedorovich - Vologda State Technical University» (VoSTU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Heat/Gas Supply and Ventilation, Vologda State Technical University» (VoSTU), 15 Lenin st., Vologda, 160000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sinitsyn Anton Alexandrovich - Vologda State Technical University (VoSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Heat, Supply and Ventilation, Vologda State Technical University (VoSTU), 5 Lenina st., Vologda, 160000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 92 - 98

Maintenance of appropriate thermal and humidity modes of soil is the main condition of intensive growth and development of plants. It is feasible in the event that the temperature and humidity patterns of the soil environment can be projected in time and registered at different depths. Towards this end, the author proposes three alternative solutions to the boundary problem of heat and water transmission in a layer of a loose disperse material exemplified by milled peat. Each solution is based on the operation of a source of infrared radiation. The research results are benchmarked against the experimental data, and thereafter, the list of optimal solutions and substantiations is composed.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.92-98

References
  1. Mikhaylov Yu.A., Glazunov Yu.T. Variatsionnye metody v teorii nelineynogo teplo- i massoperenosa [Variation Methods in the Theory of Nonlinear Heat and Mass Transfer]. Riga, Zinatne Publ., 1985, 190 p.
  2. Lykov A.V. Teplomassoobmen [Heat and Mass Exchange]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1972, 560 p.
  3. Lykov A.V., Mikhailov J.A. Teorija perenosa jenergii i veshchestva [Theory of Energy and Substance Transfer]. Minsk, AN BSSR Publ., 1963, 332 p.
  4. Tsoy P.V. Metody rascheta otdel’nyh zadach teplomassoperenosa [Methods of Resolution of Particular Problems of Heat and Mass Transfer]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1971, 384 p.
  5. Igonin V.I., Pavlov M.V., Karpov D.F., Ivanov M.I. Eksperimental’no-raschetnoe opredelenie temperaturoprovodnosti i teploprovodnosti frezernogo torfa metodom mgnovennoy plastiny [Experimental and Analytical Identification of Temperature and Thermal Conductivity of Milled Peat through the Employment of an Instant Plate Method]. Vuzovskaya nauka — regionu [High School Science: Contributions to Regions]. Proceedings of the ninth All-Russian scientific and technical conference. Vologda, VoSTU, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 166—170.

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

COMPARISON OF RESULTS OF THERMAL TESTS OF BALCONY DOORS

  • Golubev Stanislav Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 99 - 104

Results of thermal tests of balcony doors are presented in the article. In the course of the research project, two types of doors were tested. The first type represents a PVC frame door (width 82 mm); it has a triple glazing (4K-16Ar-4-16Ar-K4); its blank part represents a polystyrene sandwich panel (width 40 mm). The second type represents a PVC frame door (width 82 mm), that has a triple glazing (4K-16Ar-4-16Ar-K4) and composite PVC panels. The testing procedure and processing results are described in the article. The test has demonstrated that the thermal resistance value of the balcony door of the first type exceeds the thermal resistance value of the balcony door of the second type.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.99-104

References
  1. Lichman V.A., Golubev S.S. Eksperimental’nye rezul’taty ispol’zovaniya energosberegayushchikh shtor [Experimental Results of Use of Power Saving Blinds]. Energosberezhenie [Power Saving]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 65—68.
  2. Gustavsen A., Griffith B.T., Arasteh D. Tree-dimensional Conjugate Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Internal Window Frame Cavities Validated Using Infrared Thermography. ASHRAE Transactions. 2001, vol. 107, p. 2.
  3. Varapaev V.N., Golubev S.S. Sravnenie tochnogo i priblizhennogo ucheta teplovogo izlucheniya granits pri chislennom reshenii sopryazhennoy zadachi estestvennoy konvektsii v vertikal’nom sloe okonnykh ograzhdeniy [Ñîmðàrison of Accurate and Approximate Analysis of Boundaries of Heat Radiation as Part of Numerical Solution of the Associated Problem of Natural Convection in the Vertical Layer of Window Enclosures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 129—136.
  4. Roeleveld D., Naylor D., Oosthuizen P.H. A Simplified Model of Heat Transfer at an Indoor Window Glazing Surface with a Venetian Blind. J. Building Performance Simulation. 2010, no. 3(2), pp. 121—128.
  5. Naylor D., Lai B.Y. Experimental Study of Natural Convection in a Window with a Between-panes Venetian Blind. Exp. Heat Transfer. 2007, vol. 20, pp. 1—17.

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INFLUENCE OF WATER-SOLUBLE COMPOUNDS OF RESTORED SULFUR ONTO TOXIC PROPERTIES OF NATURAL AND WASTE WATERS

  • Frog Boris Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUGE) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Water Supply and Protection of Water Resources, + 7 (495) 935 14 71; +7 (499) 182 99 58, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUGE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Skurlatov Yuri Ivanovich - Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, +7 (499) 939 7493; +7 (495) 651 219, Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Kosygina st., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shtamm Elena Valentinovna - Institute of Biochemical Physics Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, +7 (499) 939 7493; +7 (495) 137 4101, Institute of Biochemical Physics, 4 Kosygina st., 119334, Moscow; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vichutinskaya Elena Valentinovna - Institute of Biochemical Physics Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, +7 (499) 939 7493; +7 (495) 137 4101, Institute of Biochemical Physics, 4 Kosygina st., 119334, Moscow; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 105 - 113

Whenever environmental pollution by sulphur compounds is under discussion, the latter contemplate those compounds that may be subjected to consideration through the employment of methods of analytical control. First of all, sulphates and volatile compounds of partially or completely restored sulphur, such as SO2, H2S, methyl sulphur compounds (merkaptans, dimethyl sulphide, dimethyl disulphide and others) may be subjected to control. Elementary sulphur that is contained in the water is difficult to analyze. At the same time, an extensive group of water-soluble compounds of restored sulphur is not considered by numerous nature protection organizations. As a rule, they do not possess distinct analytical properties. The latter include any organic and inorganic thio-acids and their combinations with ions of transitive metals, in particular, with ions of monovalent copper. Microcolloidal (nano-) particles of FeS may also be included into this group of compounds.
The objective of the article is to generate the awareness of those compounds of reduced sulphur that are out of control. By virtue of this article, the authors apply to specialists in water treatment, water conditioning and water quality regulation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.105-113

References
  1. Volkov I.I., Kokryatskaya N.M. Soedineniya vosstanovlennoy neorganicheskoy sery v vodakh Belogo morya i ust’ya Severnoy Dviny [Compounds of Reduced Inorganic Sulfur in the White Sea and in the Mouth of the North Dvina]. Vodnye resursy, 2004, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 461—468.
  2. Baykova I.S., Shtamm E.V., Vichutinskaya E.V., Skurlatov Yu.I. Mekhanizm okisleniya nanochastits FeS molekulyarnym kislorodom i peroksidom vodoroda v razbavlennykh vodnykh rastvorakh [Procedure of Oxigenation of FeS Nanoparticles by Molecular Oxygen and Hydrogen Peroxide in Diluted Water Solutions]. Chemical Physics, 2009, no. 4.
  3. Shtamm E.V., Frog B.N., Skurlatov Yu.I. Ekotoksikologicheskie osobennosti stochnykh vod predpriyatiy lesopromyshlennogo kompleksa [Ecological and Toxic Peculiarities of Waste Waters of Timber Industry Enterprises]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika, 1998 (2) , pp. 24—28.
  4. Servos Ì., Carey J., Fergusson Ì. Impact of a Modern Bleached Kraft Mill with Secondary Treatment on White Suckers. Water Poll. Res. J. Can. 1992, vol. 273, pp. 423—437.
  5. Hewitt L.M., Carey J.H., Dixan D.G., Munkittrick K.R. Examination of Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent Fraction for Potential Inducers of Mixed Function Oxygenation Activity in Rainbow Trout. Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, Florida, 1996, pp. 79—94.

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF REGIONAL PEOPLE'S CONTROL AUTHORITIES OF MOSCOW IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AIMED AT THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE MUNICIPAL ECONOMY IN THE 1980ies

  • Byzov Aleksey Yur'evich - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE) external postgraduate student external postgraduate student, Department of History, +7 (916) 466-51-34, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), 36 Stremyannyy per, Moscow, 115998, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 114 - 118

In the article, the author has proven that state control authorities had an important function in the organizational structure of the government authorities of our country. The author also drives attention to the fact that, in the Soviet period, government leaders implemented the idea of a system of controlling authorities that were to a substantial extent composed of blue collars.
An extensive network of controlling authorities operating on location was active in the 80ies of the 20th century. The historical experience of regional controlling authorities is considered in article, and Moscow controlling authorities are taken as an example. The author demonstrates that the Moscow City Committee, regional committees, groups and posts of people's control organized at enterprises and other organizations drove particular attention to the issues of construction, the building industry as a whole and to the accomplishments of the municipal economy; they also supervised over the implementation of ecological and nature protection actions, monitored the condition and repairs of public health service buildings; they resolved the issues of education, culture, available housing, housing preparation for the winter season, etc.
Actions taken in the aftermath of inspections held by people's control authorities were aimed at the improvement of the ecological condition of Moscow, and they resolved the problems of urban construction. Multiple assignments performed by people's control authorities made it possible to substantially improve the quality of their inspections and to combine the controlling efforts within the framework of the municipal economy. Coordination of combined inspections promoted reduction in the overall number of inspections. The present-day building sector of the Russian capital can benefit from the experience of Moscow people's control authorities, their well-coordinated controlling activities within the construction industry and the prior accomplishments of the municipal economy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.114-118

References
  1. Kosarenko N.N., Khutinaev I.D. Gosudarstvennyy kontrol’ v sisteme upravleniya [State Control within the Management System]. Moscow, 2009, pp. 4—6.
  2. Mel’nikov V.P. Istoricheskiy opyt sozdaniya i funktsionirovaniya kontrol’nykh organov v Rossiyskom gosudarstve: uroki i sovremennost’ [The Historical Experience of Organization and Operation of Controlling Authorities in the Russian State: the Past and the Present]. Moscow, 1999, pp. 40—43.
  3. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Rossiyskoy Federatsii (GARF) [State Archives of the Russian Federation] (GARF). F.9527, op.1, d.7586, pp. 64—69.
  4. Novikov A.V. Sotsial’nyy kontrol’ v usloviyakh transformatsii rossiyskogo obshchestva [Social Control within the Framework of Transformations of the Russian Society]. Moscow, 1999, p. 203.
  5. Andreev A., Nikol’skiy D. Organizatsiya gosudarstvennogo kontrolya v period stabil’noy sistemy upravleniya gosudarstvom i v pervye gody reform [Organization of State Control in the Period of a Stable Government Management System and in the Early Years of Reform]. Prezidentskiy kontrol’ [Presidential control], 2000, no. 9, ð. 39.
  6. Tarasov A.M. Gosudarstvennyy kontrol’ v Rossii [State Control in Russia]. Moscow, 2008, ðp. 147—167.
  7. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op. 1, d. 1494. pp. 5—6.
  8. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.1692, p. 1.
  9. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.2033, p. 11.
  10. Byzov À.Yu. Voprosy stroitel’stva blagoustroennogo zhil’ya i likvidatsii barakov v deyatel’nosti Komiteta Narodnogo Kontrolya SSSR v 1980-e gody [Issues of Construction of Comfortable Housing and Liquidation of Barracks as Part of the Assignment of the Committee of People’s Control of the USSR in 80ies of the 20th century]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no 4, pp. 93—98.
  11. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.2033, pp. 14—17.
  12. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.2033, pp. 69—71.

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SYSTEM OF STANDARTIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS ARRANGEMENT

  • Oleynik Pavel Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Operations Arrangement +7 (499) 976-19-09, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Brodskiy Victor Isaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Construction Operations Arrangement, +7 (499) 619-90-49, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 119 - 125

In the proposed article, management of construction operations is represented as a multi-level system; it is considered with the framework of projects including new construction, restructuring and overhaul of buildings and structures.
The system of management of construction operations is to be composed of the following three constituent parts. They include a construction and assembling entity, project and operations, and a procurement base. Such matters as the quality of construction products, purchase (lease) of building machinery and vehicles are incorporated into the level of the construction and assembling entity. The project level comprises such components of construction operations management as pre-construction preparation of a project, methods and forms of construction management, preparatory works, management of construction activities, real-time operations control, construction quality control, etc. The level of operations and the procurement base covers the needs for materials and equipment, their purchase and procurement, as well as the warehouse management.
The main elements of the standardization system are identified. Standards of construction operations management are explained, including 1. General Provisions; 2. Preparation and performance of construction and assembling works; 3. New construction. Building site organization; 4. Demolition (dismantling) of buildings and structures; 5. Rules of preparation for acceptance and commissioning of completed residential buildings.
The prospects for the further development of the system of standardization of construction operations management are outlined

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.119-125

References
  1. Oleynik P.P. Organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Construction Operations Arrangement]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 572 p.
  2. Oleynik P.P., Brodskiy V.I. Otsenka urovnya mobil’noy stroitel’noy sistemy [Assessment of the Level of a Mobile Building System]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, p. 248.
  3. Korol’ E.A., Komissarov S.V., Kogan P.B., Arutyunov S.G. Reshenie zadach organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskogo modelirovaniya stroitel’nykh protsessov [Problem Solving in Organizational and Technology-related Modeling of Building Processes]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, p. 43.
  4. Oleynik P.P., Shirshikov B.F. Terminologicheskiy slovar’ v oblasti organizatsii, planirovaniya I upravleniya stroitel’stvom [Dictionary of Construction Management, Scheduling and Organization Terms]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 80 p.
  5. Nesterov A.O. Problemy organizatsii stroitel’stva ob”ektov nedvizhimosti v stroitel’nom komplekse Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Problems of Organization of Construction of Real Estate Facilities in the Construction Industry of the Russian Federation]. Modernization of the Construction and Investment, Housing and Public Utilities Industry, collected papers. Moscow, Moscow State Academy of Municipal Services and Construction, 2011, p. 438.
  6. Oleynik P.P., Shirshikov B.F. Organizatsiya stroitel’stva ob”ektov mobil’nymi formirovaniyami [Organization of Construction through Employment of Mobile Units], a monograph. Moscow, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 2008, 421 p.
  7. Oleynik P.P., Brodskiy V.I. Printsipy operezhayushchey inzhenernoy podgotovki stroitel’nykh ploshchadok [Principles of Pres-scheduled Preparation of Construction Sites]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, p. 38.

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

PROBLEMS OF INDIRECT ILLUMINATION IN THE AUTOCAD ENVIRONMENT

  • Lebedeva Irina Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 126 - 129

The author tackles the problem of realistic rendering associated with the share of scattered light in the overall illumination. Methods of reflected light rendering, implemented in AutoCAD, are described in the article. Methods of suppression of visualization defects are also provided. A brief description of the algorithm of photon tracing, influence of parameters and settings of the photon tracing on the quality and reliability of lighting are provided. The author also describes alternative methods of simulating lighting patterns in the AutoCAD environment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.126-129

References
  1. Bayakovskiy Yu.M., Galaktionov V.A. Sovremennye problemy komp’yuternoy (mashinnoy) grafiki [Contemporary Problems of Computer (Machine) Graphics]. Available at http://spkurdyumov.narod.ru/ GalaktionovVladimir.htm. Date of access: 02.05.2012.
  2. Kelly L. Murdock. 3ds Max 8 Bibliya pol’zovatelya [3ds Max 8 User Bible]. Moscow, Dialektika Publ., 2008.
  3. Klimacheva T.N. 3D-modelirovanie v AutoCAD 2007—2010 [3D-Modeling within AutoCAD 2007-2010]. Moscow, DMK Press Publ., 2011.
  4. Lebedeva I.M. Realisticheskaya vizualizatsiya trekhmernykh modeley v srede AutoCAD [Realistic Visualization of Three-dimensional Models in the Environment of AutoCAD]. MSUCE, Moscow, 2011.
  5. Matias Pedersen. Tekhnologiya i metody osveshcheniya [Lighting Techniques and Technology] Available at: http://b3d.mezon.ru/index.php. Date of access: 02.05.2012.
  6. Sivakov I. Kak komp’yuter rasschityvaet izobrazheniya. Tekhnologii programmnogo renderinga. 2004. [How Does the Computer Analyze Images? Software Rendering Technologies. 2004]. Available at: http://www.fcenter.ru/online.shtml?articles/hardware/videos/8749#1. Date of access: 02.05.2012.
  7. Sinenko S.A. Lebedeva I.M. Problemy realisticheskoy vizualizatsii organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy v srede AutoCAD [Problems of Realistic Visualization of Organizational and Technological Solutions in the AutoCAD Environment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 451—458.
  8. Shikin E.V., Boreskov A.V. Komp’yuternaya grafika. Dinamika, realisticheskie izobrazheniya [Computer Graphics. Dynamic, Realistic Images]. Moscow, Dialog-MIFI Publ., 1995.

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PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

CONTINUOUS TRAINING OF ARCHITECTS AND A PRACTICAL COURSE IN ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION

  • Gogoleva Natal'ya Arkad'evna - Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNSUACE) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of History of Architecture and Fundamentals of Architectural Design, +7 (831) 433-03-91, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNSUACE), 65 Il'inskaya St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130 - 135

The problem of training of architects in architectural composition is relevant at each stages of the training process. Continuous training in architectural composition is to assure better mastering of fundamentals of composition. Specialized training courses is to be incorporated into each stage of the training process, namely, into each specialized discipline that shapes up the compositional thinking in the field of architecture and town planning patterns.
The fundamental course is entitled "Three-dimensional spatial composition"; it is based on the theory of architecture and urban development, as well as practical classes in architectural analysis and modeling.
The author proposes new methods of teaching three-dimensional composition through a cycle of exercises and term papers. The systemic approach contemplates a good knowledge of the theory to serve as the basis for workshops and practical classes, as well as a new idea of continuous training.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.130-135

References
  1. Stepanov A.V., Mal’gin V.I., Ivanova G.I. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Three-dimensional Composition]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 256 p.
  2. Gogoleva N.A. Problemy razvitiya kompozitsionnogo myshleniya [Problems of Development of Compositional Thinking]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v dizayn-obrazovanii [Advanced Technologies of Design Education]. Proceedings of the 5th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. IPC SIMBiP Publ., Sochi, 2008, 142 p.
  3. Panksenov G.I., Levin I.L. Kurs formal’noy kompozitsii v sisteme khudozhestvenno-graficheskoy podgotovki arkhitektorov [A Course of Formal Composition in the Training of Architects]. Nizhny Novgorod, NNGASU, 2001, 132 p.
  4. Gogoleva N.A. Organizatsiya kursa kompozitsii dlya arkhitektorov. Kompozitsionnaya podgotovka v sovremennom arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennom obrazovanii [Arrangement of a Course in Composition for Architects. Composition Training within the Framework of Contemporary Artistic Education]. Starikov A.A., Iovleva V.I., edited by. Proceedings of the Scientific and Technical Conference. Yekaterinburg, Arkhitekton Publ., 2002, 302 p.
  5. Golubev G.A. Etapy kompozitsionnoy podgotovki i sistema «master-klass» [Stages of Training in Composition and the System of Master-Classes]. Proceedings of the Scientific and Technical Conference. Yekaterinburg, Arkhitekton Publ., 2002, 302 p.
  6. Jones J.K. Metody proektirovaniya [Design Methods]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1986, 326 p.
  7. Gogoleva N.A. Ispol’zovanie nauchnykh metodov kompozitsii v restavratsii [Use of Scientific Methods of Composition in Restoration]. Proceedings of the Volga-Vyatka Branch of the International Slavic Academy of Education, Arts and Culture. Nizhny Novgorod, 2000, no. 6, pp. 39-44.
  8. Gogoleva N.A. Analiz kompozitsionnykh zakonomernostey pamyatnikov arkhitektury [Analysis of Patterns of Compositions of Architectural Monuments]. Nizhny Novgorod, NNSUACE, 1998, 46 p.
  9. Belousov E.D. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya. Printsipy prakticheskogo izucheniya. [Three-dimensional Composition. Principles of Practical Study]. Rostov-Don, RGAAI, 1990, 89 p.
  10. Fedorova T.Yu. Istoriya razvitiya propedevtiki [History of Propaedeutics]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v dizayn-obrazovanii [Advanced Technologies of Design Education]. Proceedings of the 2nd All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. RIO SIMBiP Publ., Sochi, 2005, 258 p.

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COMPUTER-ASSISTED CONTROL OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGINEERING GRAPHICS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF DISTANCE LEARNING PROGRAMMES

  • Tel'noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ivashchenko Andrey Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 136 - 141

Development of computer-assisted computer technologies and their integration into the academic activity with a view to the control of the academic performance within the framework of distance learning programmes represent the subject matter of the article.
The article is a brief overview of the software programme designated for the monitoring of the academic performance of students enrolled in distance learning programmes. The software is developed on Delphi 7.0 for Windows operating system. The strength of the proposed software consists in the availability of the two modes of its operation that differ in the principle of the problem selection and timing parameters.
Interim academic performance assessment is to be performed through the employment of computerized testing procedures that contemplate the use of a data base of testing assignments implemented in the eLearning Server media. Identification of students is to be performed through the installation of video cameras at workplaces of students.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.136-141

References
  1. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Izuchenie inzhenernoy grafiki s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [The study of Engineering Graphics through the Use of Distance Learning Information Technologies]: Proceedings of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, Moscow State University, 2011, pp. 354 — 357.
  2. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Obuchenie i kontrol’ znaniy po nachertatel’noy geometrii s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh obrazovatel’nykh tekhnologiy [Training and Assessment of Academic Performance in Descriptive Geometry through the Employment of Distance Learning Technologies]. Collection of selected works of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, INTUIT.RU Publ., 2011, pp. 389—395.

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SCIENTIFIC RATIONALITY: ESSENCE, TYPES, TREND FOR INTEGRATION, PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE

  • Fokina Zoya Titovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 142 - 149

The article covers the problem of particular importance for the contemporary science, that is, scientific rationality, which may be considered under-investigated. In the literature, the issue of sequence of historical types of scientific rationality is analyzed in detail. It breaks down into classical, non-classical, post-non-classical scientific rationality. However, within the framework of the philosophy of science, little attention is paid to the analysis of various types of scientific rationality, including the logical/mathematical, natural scientific, engineering/technical, and social/humanitarian rationality.
Though dozens of academic papers and books cover the issues of logic, mathematics, physics, engineering and technology, social sciences and humanities, general philosophy-related papers lack any essential description of the said four types of scientific rationality, their comparative analysis, and interrelation between them.
In the article, the essence of the logical/mathematical, natural scientific, engineering/technical, and social/humanitarian rationality is demonstrated; their methods, objectives and results are compared; their interaction is accentuated.
In the article, non-scientific and scientific types of philosophical rationality are identified (the former performs the functions of vision rather than gnoseological functions, it includes religious philosophy, existentialism, Nietzsche's philosophy, etc.). The reasons specified in the article substantiate the need to introduce the concept of philosophical-scientific type of rationality associated with the elaboration of issues of logic and methodology of scientific cognition, that are covered in the works of Aristotle, Bacon, Descartes, Hegel, Popper and other philosophers.
It is proven that in the time of substantial advancement of contemporary technology, incorporation of humanitarian values into the domain of natural and engineering sciences and formulation of the issue of ecological and ethical examination of engineering projects will prevent a global ecological catastrophe and collapse of the civilization.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.142-149

References
  1. Stiopin V.S. Teoreticheskoe znanie [Theoretical Knowledge]. Moscow, 2003, 743 ð.
  2. Kun T. Struktura nauchnykh revolyutsiy [Structure of Scientific Revolutions]. Moscow, 2003, p. 23—25, 34—35, 238.
  3. Shpengler O. Zakat Zapadnogo mira [Decline of the Western World]. Moscow, 2010, p. 13.

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MAIN PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH OF THE OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE OF BUILDERS IN PRE-MONGOLIAN RUS

  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of History and Culturology, +7 (499) 183-21-29, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 150 - 154

The subject matter of the article is the construction industry in the years of pre-Mongolian Rus. The complexity and diversity of the construction process reflect some peculiarities of the social life in ancient Rus. Therefore, the study of the construction industry reveals particular technological advancements as well as the professional and social organization of crafts in ancient Rus. In the article, the organization of the building process is considered as an integrated process.
A considerable amount of information can be obtained from ancient sources, such as monuments, although they do not constitute any accurate evidence of the construction process. We may identify the number of the so-called "artels" (construction gangs), as well as trace their routes from one construction centre to another. By the commencement of the Mongolian invasion, construction gangs had already established close connections with the prince in power, and their routes were always determined by dynastic relationships of princes. Their work was strongly influenced by Byzantine and West European countries. Therefore, the analysis of the whole construction industry is a vital constituent of the study of the history and culture of ancient Russians.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.150-154

References
  1. Rappoport P.A. Stroitel’noe proizvodstvo Drevney Rusi (X—XIII vv.) [Construction Process in Ancient Rus (X—XIII cent.)]. St.Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 1994, 159 p.
  2. Rappoport P.A. Drevnerusskaya arkhitektura [Ancient Russian Architecture]. St.Petersburg, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 286 p.
  3. Viktorov A. Kamenolomni Drevney Rusi [Stone Quarries of Ancient Rus]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Moskvy [Architecture and Construction of Moscow], 1987, no. 8, pp. 25—28.
  4. Komech A.I. Drevnerusskoe zodchestvo kontsa X — nach. XII v.: Vizantiyskoe nasledie i stanovlenie samostoyatel’noy traditsii [Ancient Russian Architecture of the Late 10th – Early 12th Centuries. Byzantine Heritage and Conception of Independent Traditions]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1987, 319 p.
  5. Kievo-Pecherskiy paterik. Pamyatniki literatury Drevney Rusi: XII vek [Kiyevo-Pechrky Paterikon. Literary Monuments of Ancient Rus; 12th Century]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980, 424 p.
  6. Komech A.I. Arkhitektura Vladimira 1150—1180-kh gg. Khudozhestvennaya priroda i genezis «russkoy romaniki» [The Architecture of Vladimir of 1150—1180. Artistic Nature and Genesis of the Russian Romanticism]. Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Rus’ i strany vizantiyskogo mira. XII vek [Ancient Russian Art. Rus and Byzantine Countries. 12th Century]. St.Petersburg, 2002, pp. 231—254.

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SHAPE GENERATION BY MEANS OF A NEW METHOD OF ORTHOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION ("PROEKTIVOGRAFIYA": DRAWINGS OF MULTI-COMPONENT POLYHEDRA

  • Andrey Ivashchenko Viktorovich - Metropolitan Academy of Finance and Arts (MAFA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Metropolitan Academy of Finance and Arts (MAFA), 15 Sharikopodshipnikovskaya St., Moscow, 109088, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kondrat'eva Tat'yana Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Chair, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 155 - 160

The authors analyze the capabilities of a traditional set of shape generation techniques that employ orthographic representation in the generation of polyhedra with account for the advanced approach to the research of new multi-nuclear structures.
In the past, designs based on one nucleus were used in practice. The use of two or more nuclei is considered in the article. In the most common case, the resulting system of planes will constitute multiple orthographic representations.
The characteristics of a binuclear system depend on the mutual positions and relation of dimensions of the nuclei. In addition to regular parameters, complete description of the system need particular supplementary parameters that determine the mutual positions of the nuclei. Increase in the number of nuclei causes increase in the number of descriptive parameters.
The authors provide examples of binuclear systems composed of tetrahedrons, cubes, and dodecahedrons, implemented in the Delphi medium. The results can be exported into any three-dimensional modeling system with a view to their further study and use.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.155-160

References
  1. Gamayunov V.N. Proektivografiya [New Method of Orthographic Representation] Moscow, Moscow State Teachers’ Training Institute, 1976.
  2. Gol’tseva R.I. Geometriya mnogogrannykh n-epyurnykh sistem. Sbornik Formoobrazovanie v stroitel’stve i arkhitekture [Geometry of Polyhedral Systems. Collection “Shape Formation in Construction and Architecture”]. Moscow, Moscow Institute of Civil Engineering named after V.V. Kuybyshev, 1986.
  3. Nikulin E.A. Komp’yuternaya geometriya i algoritmy mashinnoy grafiki [Computer Geometry and Computer Graphics Algorithms]. St.Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2003.
  4. Korn G., Korn T. Spravochnik po matematike [Handbook of Mathematics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1970.
  5. Vennidzher M. Modeli mnogogrannikov [Models of Polyhedra]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1974.
  6. Ivashchenko A.V. Opisanie paketa programm «Proektivografiya». Sbornik “Dizayn i iskusstvovedenie” [Description of Software Package “Projectivographica”. Collection of Art and Design. Moscow, Moscow State Open Teachers’ Training University, 1995.
  7. Ivashchenko A.V. Modeli predstavleniya elementov sistemy proektivograficheskikh epyur i algoritm ikh opredeleniya. Sbornik nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabot aspirantov i soiskateley MGOPU «Molodye golosa», vyp. 2. [Models of Elements of the System of Orthographic Drawings and Algorithms of Their Development. “Young Voices” Collection of Research Papers of Graduate Students and External Graduate Students of Moscow State Open Teachers’ Training University]. Moscow, Moscow State Open Teachers’ Training University, vol. 2, 2000.

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USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING COMPUTER GRAPHICS

  • Tel'noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tsareva Marina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161 - 165

Peculiarities of teaching computer graphics as part of the course of engineering graphics aimed at the mastering of AutoCAD graphic editor are considered by the authors. The objective of the course is to develop the competencies of future professionals, inlcuding their structural design skills.
The authors recommend incorporation of mini-lectures and computer workshops into the training process. Computer quizzes are to be held at the beginning of each class to consolidate the material, to ensure preparedness for mastering new information and to stimulate the process of learning.
Department of descriptive geometry and engineering graphics developed a special methodology to ensure efficient presentation of theoretical material that incorporates special computer techniques and an original structure and succession of computer slides to improve the information intensity of the computer graphics course that enjoys a small number of lecturing hours allocated within training programmes offered by the University.
Well-balanced tests to be performed by students in the course of their computer workshops facilitate their mastering computer graphics techniques that help them make high-quality error-free working drawings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.161-165

References
  1. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Izuchenie inzhenernoy grafiki s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [The study of Engineering Graphics through the Use of Distance Learning Information Technologies]. Proceedings of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, Moscow State University, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 354 — 357.
  2. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Obuchenie i kontrol’ znaniy po nachertatel’noy geometrii s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh obrazovatel’nykh tekhnologiy [Training and Assessment of Academic Performance in Descriptive Geometry through the Employment of Distance Learning Technologies]. Collection of selected works of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, INTUIT.RU Publ., 2011, pp. 389—395.
  3. Glotova V.V., Lebedeva I.M., Borisova A.Yu., Tsareva M.V. Uchebnoe posobie «AutoCAD 2010» dlya studentov spetsial’nostey dnevnogo, vechernego i zaochnogo otdeleniy. [Textbook on AutoCAD 2010 for Full-time, Part-time and Correspondence Students]. Moscow, MSUCE, 2011, 138 ð.

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