Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2012/9

Vestnik MGSU 2012/9

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9

Articles count - 41

Pages - 276

ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

The sixtieth anniversary of volgograd state university of architecture and civil engineering. History of the landmark

  • Kalashnikov Sergey Yurevich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Rector, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya St., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Oleynikov Petr Petrovich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Dean, Department of Architecture, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya St., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Oleynikova Elena Petrovna - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) student, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya St., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 8 - 17

Historic events associated with the location of Volgograd State University of Architecture
and Civil Engineering, peculiarities of its architectural and planning solutions, urban planning solutions
implemented in the initial plan of the town of Tsaritsyn, approved by the Russian Emperor
in 1820, are considered in the article. Attributes of buildings and structures adjacent to the buildings
of the future University in the period of formation of Eletskaya, Kashirskaya, Dubovskaya, and
Kolomenskaya streets are demonstrated by the authors.
The authors provide information concerning the institutions and organizations accommodated
in the building formerly owned by merchant Shlykov (Building A of Volgograd State University of
Architecture and Civil Engineering) in the period between the completion of its construction and
1952, when the Institute of Engineers of Municipal Economy was founded. They included a nonclassical
secondary school, a teacher training seminary, Stalingrad Exemplary Teacher Training
College and College of Utility Providers.
Photographs of buildings and structures constructed next to the building of the future University
of Architecture and Civil Engineering are provided. The authors also cover the problem of destruction
of multiple buildings in the Voroshilov district during the battle of Stalingrad. Architects and
authors of projects designated for the restructuring of existing and construction of new buildings of
the University in 1940-1990 are enlisted in the article.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.8-17

References
  1. Semenov V.P., editor. Ososkov P.A., Korostelev N.A., Gavrilov N.G., Syirnev N.N. Limanskiy V.I., general manager. Rossiya. Polnoe geografi cheskoe opisanie nashego Otechestva. Nastol’naya i dorozhnaya kniga dlya russkikh lyudey [Russia. Complete Geographical Description of Our Homeland. Desktop and Road Book for the Russian People], vol. 6. Srednee i Nizhnee Povolzh’e i Zavolzh’e [Middle and Lower Volga and Trans-Volga Regions], 1901.
  2. Vyaz’min A.M., Oleynikov P.P. Arkhitektory Volgograda [Architects of Volgograd]. Volgograd, Izdatel’ Publ., 2003, p. 234.
  3. Golovkin G.M. Vremya i lyudi. Ocherki istorii VolgGASU. [Time and People. Essays about the History of VSUACE]. Volgograd, 2007, ch. 1, p. 68.

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Geometric models of junctions of quadrics in fragments of architectural pieces

  • Polezhaev Yuriy Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics 8 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Fatkullina Alina Alimovna - Moscow Institute of Architecture (MARHI) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Descriptive Geometry, Moscow Institute of Architecture (MARHI), 11 Rozhdestvenka St., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation.
  • Borisova Anzhelika Yurevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics 8 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18 - 23

The subject matter of the article represents a summarized analysis of the geometrography of
a fragment of St. Isaac Cathedral, namely, the fragments that include surfaces of its domes. Their
detailed analysis has also required an overview of the properties of astroids and other elliptical multiplicities
limited by their relation to the spherical surface.
Further, the authors provide sample models of three types of domes, including circular, elliptical
and cone-shaped domes. The authors provide sketches and sample surface models of domes
and their descriptions. The authors also provide their explanation of the astroid origin and planimetric
properties of elliptical multiplicities under consideration, as well as interrelations between them,
if they are positioned on the spherical surface.
The information provided in the article and recommendations developed by the authors may
be used in the design of dome-shaped fragments of pieces of architecture.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.18-23

References
  1. Gil’berd D., Kon-Fossen S. Naglyadnaya geometriya [Visual Geometry]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1981, 343 p.
  2. Gil’bert D. Osnovaniya geometrii [Fundamentals of Geometry]. Moscow, OGIZ Publ., 1948.
  3. Korn G. Spravochnik po matematike [Handbook of Mathematics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 872 p.
  4. Polezhaev Yu.O. Ratsional’nye proportsii arkhitekturno-stroitel’nykh ob”ektov v proektsionnoy geometrii [Rationa l Proportions of Pieces of Architecture in Projective Geometry]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 200 p.
  5. Saprykina N.A. Osnovy dinamicheskogo formoobrazovaniya v arkhitekture [Fundamentals of Dynamic Shaping in Architecture]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2005, 312 p.

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Floating structures (based on water activities)

  • Rodionovskaya Inna Serafi movna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associated Professor, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kocheryaev Stanislav Alexandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shakhova Marina Evgenevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 24 - 30

The article briefly describes the types of structures that are widely spread worldwide, and
many well-known projects that remain unimplemented. Particular attention is driven to the main
features of floating structures and areas of their application.
Despite the advances of the present-day technology, floating structures are only used in the
travel industry and low-rise construction. The authors consider a substantial though yet unexplored
potential of rivers, seas and lakes, as well as the benefits of their use. In their examples, they consider
the past and present operation patterns employed by water-borne structures. The authors
believe in a pressing need for a timely transition to new water spaces in the context of planned
development of territories.
In this article, the authors also consider the typology of various floating structures developed
by architect A. Nekrasov. They analyze "floating hotels", as well as construction and regulatory
requirements that apply to them. They also describe public "marinas" and other areas that may
demonstrate typical features of a parking area. The attention is focused on the global experience of
design and conceptual design of floating structures.
Today, floating structures are interesting solely from the viewpoint of entertainment and traveling.
However, development of these facilities will be necessary and realistic in the near future. The
demographic situation is rapidly changing worldwide, while environmental conditions are deteriorating.
These are the new factors of importance to the humankind. It is necessary to remember about
it today to avoid serious consequences in the future.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.24-30

References
  1. Rodionovskaya I.S., Shakhova M.E., Kocheryaev S.A. Ob”ekty vodnoy rekreatsii, turizma i sporta v pribrezhnykh zonakh megapolisov [Facilities of Water Activities, Traveling and Sports in Coastal Areas of Megalopolises]. Collected works, International Scientific Conference, Moscow, October 19 – 21, 2011, pp. 251—253.
  2. Nekrasov A.B. Zdaniya i sooruzheniya vodnogo turizma na vnutrennikh akvatoriyakh SSSR [Buildings and Structures of Water Activities Bourne by Inland Waters of the USSR]. Moscow, MARKhI Publ., 1971.
  3. Tupoleva T.M. Uchrezhdeniya vodnogo turizma [Institutions of Water Activities]. Moscow, 1977.
  4. Disney Cruise Line. Disney Dream. Available at: http://disneycruise.disney.go.com/ships-activities/ships/dream. Date of access: 06.06.2012.
  5. Ocean Space Center in Norway. Available at: http://www.moderndesign.org/2010/02/oceanspace-centre-in-norway.html. Date of access: 06.06.2012.
  6. Loktev V.I. Teoriya metabolizma v sovremennom gradostroitel’stve Yaponii [Theory of Metabolism in Contemporary Urban Planning of Japan]. Moscow, 1967.
  7. Callebaut V. Lilypad. A Floating Ecopolis for Climate Refugees. Available at: http://vincent.callebaut.org/page1-img-lilypad.html. 2008. Date of access: 25.05.2012.
  8. Shimizu Corporetion. TRY2025 The Environmental Island Green Float. Available at: http://www.shimz.co.jp/english/theme/dream/index.html. Date of access: 20.05.2012.
  9. Zimina T. Noev kovcheg XXI veka [Noah’s Ark of the XXI century]. Nauka I Zhizn [Science and Life Magazine], 2010, no. 12, pp. 26—27.
  10. Kocheryaev S.A. Plavayushchie goroda [Floating Cities]. Collected papers, Scientific and Practical Conference “Scientific and Technical Creativity of the Youth”. 2010, pp. 86—87.

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Influence of fenestration properties onto the energy consumption rate of an offi ce building in the hot summer/cold winter climatic zone in china

  • Solovev Aleksey Kirillovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Architecture of Industrial and Residential Buildings 8 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sun Yifen - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Architecture of Industrial and Residential Buildings 8 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 31 - 38

The climatic zone that has hot summers and cold winters is the most populated and economically
developed area of China. Therefore, responses to the power consumption growth within the
construction industry require the assessment of the energy conservation potential and the use of
daylight for the purposes of illumination of premises of office buildings.
In the article, the authors analyze the annual energy consumption pattern based on varying office fenestration patterns in the hot summer/cold winter zone. A pilot office module was developed and
a series of building energy consumption simulation sessions were completed on the basis of varied
fenestration parameters. A substantial portion of electric lighting can be saved by switching off the
electric light in response to the available daylight. The extent to which the daylight may reduce the
energy consumption rate depends primarily on the visible transmittance and dimensions of windows.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.31-38

References
  1. Selkowits S. Infl uence of Windows on Building Energy Use LBL-18663, 1984.
  2. John Hogan, Robert Watson, Joe Huang, Lang Siwei, Fu Xiangzhao, Lin Haiyin. Development of China’s Energy Effi ciency Design Standard for Residential Buildings in the “Hot-summer/Cold-winter” Zone, 2001.
  3. Zhang Qingyuan, Joe Huang, Lang Siwei. Development of Chinese Weather Data for Building Energy Calculations LBNL-51435, 2001.
  4. Johnson R., Selkowitz S., Sullivan R. How Fenestration Can Signifi cantly Affect Energy Use in Commercial Buildings. LBL-17330, 1984.
  5. DOE-2.2 Building Energy Use and Cost Analysis Program. Basics. Vol. 1, October, 2004, pp. 1—5.
  6. Standard for Daylighting Design of Buildings GB/T 50033-2001.
  7. Design Standard for Energy Effi ciency of Public Buildings GB 50189-2005, pp. 28—32.
  8. DOE-2.2 Building Energy Use and Cost Analysis Program. Libraries & Reports, vol.4, March 2009, pp. 21—24.
  9. Sullivan R., Lee E.S., Selkowitz S. A Method of Optimizing Solar Control and Daylighting Performance in Commercial Offi ce Buildings. LBL-32931, September, 1992.
  10. Sullivan R., Frost K., Arasteh D., Selkowitz S. Window U-Value Effects on Residential Cooling Load. LBL-34648, September, 1993.

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Universal human habitat. Basic principles

  • Stepanov Vyacheslav Konstantinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architectural Sciences, Professor, Professor of Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Starikov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 39 - 43

Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities were adopted
in 1993 by the United Nations. They have been valid since then. The number of disabled and
elderly people is ever growing due to injuries, accidents, environmental problems, deterioration of
health, population aging and demographic disorders.
The term "universal habitat" reads as "universal design" worldwide. The concept of "universal
design" was developed by Ronald Mace, American architect, in the 80ies of the twentieth century.
The idea was picked up in Japan and several European countries, especially in product design and
architecture.
Universal design is a logical development of principles of the barrier-free environment. Universal
design emerged in the late 20th century. The universal design is friendly in respect of all people
without restriction. The article describes basic principles of universal design, including its equitable
use, flexibility in use, simplicity and intuitive nature, perceptivity, low physical effort, size and space.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.39-43

References
  1. Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 48/96 at United Nations General Assembly on December 20, 1993.
  2. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III), UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948.
  3. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 2200 A (XXI) UN General Assembly on December 16, 1966.
  4. The Convention on the Rights of the Child. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 44/25, United Nations General Assembly on November 20, 1989.
  5. The World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 37/52 United Nations General Assembly on December 3, 1982.
  6. Interview of Gregory Lekarev (Director, Department in charge of Disabled Persons, Ministry of Healthcare and Social Development). Novaya Gazeta [New Newspaper], December 3, 2010.
  7. Safronov K.E. Bezbar’ernaya gorodskaya sreda [Barrier-free Urban Environment]. Omsk, 2010.
  8. Stepanov V.K., Starikov A.S. Predposylki formirovaniya arkhitekturnoy sredy dlya sportsmenov invalidov [Prerequisites for Formation of the Architectural Environment for Disabled Athletes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 87—91.
  9. Stepanov V.K., Tesler K.I. Raschet kommunikatsionnykh parametrov obshchestvenno-torgovykh tsentrov s uchetom uchastiya v dvizhenii pokupateley-invalidov [Calculation of Communicative Parameters of Public Trade Centres with Account for Disabled Customers]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 92—96.
  10. Kalmet Kh.Yu. Zhilaya sreda dlya invalida [Human Habitat for Disabled Persons]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990.
  11. Wolfgang F.E. Preiser, Korydon H. Smith. Universal Design Handbook. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2011.
  12. Carstens Diane Y. Site Planning and Design for the Elderly. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. New York, 1985.
  13. Houglund J. David. Housing for the Elderly. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. New York, 1985.
  14. Stepanov V.K. Spetsializirovannye uchebno-lechebnye tsentry [Specialized Training and Treatment Centres]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987.
  15. Stepanov V.K., Shchetinina N.N., Tyuricheva M.N., edited by Stepanov V.K. Arkhitekturnaya sreda obitaniya invalidov i prestarelykh [Architectural Habitat for Disabled and Elderly Persons]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989.
  16. Conell B.R., Jones M.L., Mace R.L., Mueller J.L., Mullick A., Ostroff E., Sanford J. The Principles of Universal Design. Centre for Universal Design, North Carolina State University, 1997.

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Shadowing effect of surrounding buildings in case of natural overhead lighting systems of civil buildings

  • Stetskiy Sergey Vyacheslavovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Larionova Kira Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) senior lecturer, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 44 - 47

The problem of the shadowing effect produced by surrounding buildings onto the premises
of civil buildings that have natural overhead lighting systems is under consideration. The authors
demonstrate the need to take account of this effect in the course of illumination design according to
the construction legislation. The authors also project the efficiency improvement of new designs of
advanced overhead lighting elements.
The authors have also compiled an overview of the present-day status quo in the design of
natural lighting systems that incorporate overhead lighting elements, including roof monitors and
skylights used in modern urban design. Due to the need for maximal fl oor space, public buildings
(supermarkets, restaurants, entertainment centres, etc.), being restricted in height by specific urban
conditions, have to go underground - either entirely, or with only a few stories above the ground
level. This trend drives attention to overhead lighting systems as the only source of natural lighting
of the interior premises. Hence, the authors insist on the relevant need to elaborate a new approach
to the calculation of the daylight factor values in the premises that have overhead lighting systems
with account for shading and reflecting effects of surrounding buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.44-47

References
  1. Ayzenberg Yu.B., edited by. Spravochnaya kniga po svetotekhnike [Reference Book on Lighting Engineering]. Moscow, BL Publ., 2008.
  2. Maklakova T.G., Nanasova S.M., Sharapenko V.G., Balakina A.E. Arkhitektura [Architecture]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 473 p.
  3. Maklakova T.G. Istoriya arkhitektury i stroitel’noy tekhniki [History of Architecture and Architectural Engineering]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2003, Part 2, 256 p.
  4. Solov’ev A.K. Effektivnost’ verkhnego estestvennogo osveshcheniya proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Efficiency of Natural Overhead Lighting of Industrial Buildings]. Moscow, 2011.
  5. Taylor L.H., Shafter D.H. Offi ce Design and Performance. Lighting Design and Application. May 1975.
  6. Code for Interior Lighting. The Illuminating Engineering Society, London, 1977.
  7. Solov’ev A.K. Fizika sredy [Physics of the Environment]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2011, 352 p.
  8. Obolenskiy N.V. Arkhitekturnaya fi zika [Architectural Physics]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2005, 448 p.
  9. Gusev N.M. Osnovy stroitel’noy fi ziki [Fundamentals of Building Physics]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1975, 440 p.
  10. SNiP 23-05—95*. Estestvennoe i iskusstvennoe osveshchenie [Construction Norms and Regulations 23-05—95*. Natural and Artificial Lighting].
  11. SP 23-102—2003. Estestvennoe osveshchenie zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy [Construction Regulations 23-102-2003. Natural Lighting of Residential and Public Buildings].

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Factors affecting formation of space planning solutions as part of reconstruction of multifunctional medical facilities

  • Tesler Nadezhda Dmitrievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Malykha Galina Gennadevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Construction Informatics 8 (495) 781-80-07, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Petrunin Vadim Viktorovich - Giprokon L-D Candidate of Medical Sciences, Deputy General Director in charge of Medical Facilities 8 (495) 933-87-21, Giprokon L-D, 7 Gilyarovskogo St., Moscow, 129090, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 48 - 54

The article deals with the problems that accompany reconstruction of multifunctional medical
facilities (MMF). This subject is highly relevant in Russia, as the majority of these institutions need
modernization and refurbishment. There is a need to develop an optimal algorithm of reconstruction
design development and to identify the factors that affect the formation of space-planning solutions
associated with the reconstruction.
The first step of the algorithm may be the analysis of the current condition of the facility, or the
medical technological survey (MTS). Its objective is to obtain the data concerning the structure of
the facility: its realistic unit structure, its occupied work areas, specialization of its units, exact names
and location of all rooms, regular staffing. The second step is the formation of medical technological
objectives (MTO). At this step, the post-reconstruction structure of the medical facility may be
determined, including the identification of the main functional zones, qualitative and quantitative
characteristics and types of basic technological and engineering items of equipment to be installed
there. An integral part of the MTO is the programme of useful floor area of the MMF. This document
is to enlist all premises of the facility, including their normative dimensions. This programme may
be used to find out the preliminary total area of the construction facility. The next step is formation of space-planning solutions. As an example, the authors describe the reconstruction of the
N.N. Blokhin Cancer Research Centre in Moscow. Based on the research performed by the authors,
the following factors affecting the formation of space planning solutions are identified:
1. Deficiency of useful space in the existing functional units of the MMF, determined on the
basis of the MTO.
2. Need for the future development of the MMF identified jointly with the management of the
health facility and based on the analysis of the situation and identification of top-priority development
objectives.
3. Functional zoning of the MMF.
4. Size, shape and topography of the territory to be restructured.
5. Alternative urban planning solutions for consideration.
6. Regulatory requirements applicable to the design of medical facilities.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.48-54

References
  1. Kas’yanov V.F., Tabakov N.A. Opyt zarubezhnykh stran v oblasti rekonstruktsii gorodskoy zastroyki [International Experience in Reconstruction of the Urban Built Environment] Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 21—27.
  2. Bokov A.V. Sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya material’no-tekhnicheskoy bazy zdravookhraneniya [Status and Prospects for Development of the Material and Technical Base of the Healthcare]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 8, pp. 13—15.
  3. Annex to the Resolution of Moscow Government of October 4, 2011, no. 461-PP “Moscow State Programme for the Mid-term Period (2012-2016). Development of Healthcare in Moscow (Healthcare in the Capital)”. Available at: http://www.government.ru. Date of access: 15.06.2012.
  4. Chand S., Architecture and the Hospital. Architecture Australia. 2002, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 64—65.
  5. Yas’kova N.Yu., Karasik D.M. Programmno-tselevye metody razvitiya stroitel’stva. Sovremennyy format gorodskikh tselevykh programm [Programme-oriented Methods of Construction Development. Contemporary Format of Target-Oriented Urban Development Programmes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 182—186.
  6. Reference materials designated for the meeting of the Russian Federation Government of September 23, 2010, concerning the main priorities of the social and economic development of the Russian Federation in 2011—2013. Available at: http://www.government.ru. Date of access: 06.06.2012.
  7. Federal target investment program for 2012 and for the period of 2013 and 2014. Available at: http://www.government.ru. Date of access: 06.06.2012.
  8. Gel’fond A.L. Arkhitekturnoe proektirovanie obshchestvennykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Architectural Design of Public Buildings and Structures]. Ìoscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2006, 241 p.
  9. Chebereva O.N. Printsipy strukturirovaniya ob”emno-prostranstvennogo resheniya meditsinskikh statsionarov v svete predstoyashchey modernizatsii [Principles of Structuring of Space Planning Solutions for Hospitals Awaiting Reconstruction]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Privolzhskiy Scientific Journal]. 2007, no.1, pp. 78—82.
  10. Genova B.T. Printsipy sistemnogo formirovaniya gibkoy planirovochnoy struktury i ee primeneniya pri rekonstruktsii bol’nichnykh kompleksov (na primere okruzhnykh bol’nits v NRB) [Principles of Systemic Formation of the Flexible Planning Structure and Its Application to Reconstruction of Hospital Facilities (Exemplified by District Hospitals in the Republic of Bulgaria)]. Ìoscow, 1981.

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Solid models of rectangular section columns within the framework of analysis of building structures using the method of finite elements

  • Agapov Vladimir Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 583-47-52; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vasilev Aleksey Viktorovich - Rodnik Limited Liability Company design engineer 8 (482) 2-761-004, Rodnik Limited Liability Company, 22 Kominterna st., Tver, 170000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 55 - 59

The theory of the strength of materials has produced a substantial influence on the development
and practical implementation of computer methods of the strength analysis of beams and
beam systems. Beams are modeled through the employment of one-dimensional elements within
the overwhelming majority of the finite element method software programmes; the stiffness matrix
is derived on the basis of the hypothesis of flat sections, and end forces concentrate in the centres
of the gravity of cross sections. This approach makes it possible to develop effective algorithms,
although it has several drawbacks. They include an incorrect transmission of forces from beams
to plates and massive elements of structures, difficulties in taking account of the warping effect of
the beam, and the complexity of taking account of physical and geometrical nonlinearities. Some
authors suggest using the three-dimensional theory with account for the flat sections hypothesis. It
encompasses the patterns of rotations of sections in the analysis of structures, although the problems
of warping and shear deformations remain.
The authors propose a new approach to rectangular column modeling by means of the finite
element analysis of building structures. Each column is presented as a set of three-dimensional
8-node elements with arbitrary discretization alongside the cross section and the height of the column.
The inner nodes of the finite element mesh are excluded sequentially layer by layer, thus,
reducing the stiffness matrix and other characteristics of the column with reference to its top and
bottom cross sections. The finite element method has been adapted to PRINS software programme.
The comparative analysis of the two structures has been completed with the help of this software.
The structures exposed to the structural analysis included slabs and columns. In one case,
columns were modeled with the help of one-dimensional elements, and in the another case, the
proposed elements were used. The comparison of the results demonstrates that the employment
of the proposed elements makes it possible to avoid problems associated with the transmission of
the force in a particular point.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.55-59

References
  1. Filin A.P. Matritsy v statike sterzhnevykh sistem [Matrices in the Statics of Framework Structures]. Ìoscow-Leningrad, Izd-vo literatury po stroitel’stvu publ. [Publishing House of Civil Engineering Literature]. 1966, 438 p.
  2. Rabotnov Yu.N. Soprotivlenie materialov [Strength of Materials]. Moscow, Fizmatgiz Publ., 1962, 456 p.
  3. Feodos’ev V.I. Soprotivlenie materialov [Strength of Materials]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1986, 512 p.
  4. Aleksandrov A.V., Lashchennikov B.Ya., Shaposhnikov N.N., Smirnov V.A. Metody rascheta sterzhnevykh sistem, plastin i obolochek s primeneniem EVM [Computer Methods of Analysis of Framework Structures, Plates and Shells]. Moscow, 1976.
  5. Kornoukhov N.V. Prochnost’ i ustoychivost’ sterzhnevykh sistem [Strength and Stability of Framework Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1949, 376 p.
  6. Zienkiewicz O.C., Taylor R.L. The Finite Element Method for Solid and Structural Mechanics. McGraw-Hill, 2005, 631 p.
  7. Bathe K.J. Finite Element Procedures. Prentice Hall, Inc., 1996, 1037 p.
  8. Ayoub À., Filippou F.C. Mixed Formulation of Nonlinear Steel-concrete Composite Beam Element. J. Structural Engineering. ASCE, 2000.
  9. Hjelmstad K.D., Taciroglu E. Mixed Variational Methods for Finite Element Analysis of Geometrically Non-linear, Inelastic Bernoulli-Euler Beams. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering. 2003.
  10. Agapov V.P. Issledovanie prochnosti prostranstvennykh konstruktsiy v lineynoy i nelineynoy postanovkakh s ispol’zovaniem vychislitel’nogo kompleksa «PRINS» [Strength Analysis of Three-dimensional Linear and Non-linear Structures Using PRINS Software Programme]. Collection of works “Threedimensional Constructions of Buildings and Structures: Research, Analysis, Design and Application”. no. 11, Moscow, 2008, pp. 57—67.

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Hydraulic characteristics of turbulent flows inside pipes and broad channels

  • Baykov Vitaliy Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Hydraulics 8 (499) 261-39-12, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bryanskaya Yuliya Vadimovna - National Research University Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulics; +7 (499) 261-39-12., National Research University Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 129337, Moscow, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Volynov Mikhail Anatolevich - All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov (VNIIGIM) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Water Resources Management, All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov (VNIIGIM), 44 Bolshaya Akademicheskaya st., Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 60 - 66

In the article, the authors provide their summarized findings concerning the difference between
the mean velocity determined on the basis of the discharge rate and through the integration
of the velocity profi le alongside the pipe radius. The authors have identified the ratio between these
velocities, which is confirmed by the experimental data obtained for pipes and channels. The equation
characterizing the ratio of these velocities has also been derived.
The analysis of compatibility of dynamic and kinematic characteristics of in-pipe and wide
flows has been performed. This analysis demonstrates that the coefficient of hydraulic resistance
of in-pipe and wide flows can vary up to 10-20 % despite the identical hydraulic radius and the
tension of friction. This difference is caused by the difference in the mean velocities of in-pipe flows.
The authors demonstrate that the coincidence between the equations of hydraulic resistance
of in-pipe and wide flows is attainable when the numerical exponent of the velocity profile inside
pipes and channels is different.
The quantitative correlation between the hydraulic resistance coefficient and the numerical
exponent of the velocity profile for channel flows is identified. This correlation is substantiated by
the experimental data.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.60-66

References
  1. Zegzhda A.P. Gidravlicheskie poteri na trenie v kanalakh i truboprovodakh [Hydraulic Friction Losses in Channels and Pipes]. Moscow, Gos. izd-vo liter. po stroit. i arkhitekt. [State Publishing House Specializing in Civil Engineering and Architecture], 1957, 277 p.
  2. Al’tshul’ A.D. Gidravlicheskie soprotivleniya [Hydraulic Resistance]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1982, 222 p.
  3. Baykov V.N., Volynov M.A., Pisarev D.V. Srednyaya skorost’ i gidravlicheskoe soprotivlenie pri laminarnom techenii v trubakh i shirokikh kanalakh [Average Velocity and Hydraulic Resistance of the Laminar Flow in Channels and Pipes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 186—188.
  4. Kiselev P.G. Gidravlika. Osnovy mekhaniki zhidkosti. [Hydraulics. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1980, 360 p.
  5. Shlikhting G. Teoriya pogranichnogo sloya [Theory of the Boundary Layer]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 742 p.
  6. Nikuradze I. Zakonomernosti turbulentnogo dvizheniya v gladkikh trubakh [Turbulent Motion Patterns inside Smooth Pipes]. Problemy turbulentnosti [Problems of Turbulence]. Moscow – Leningrad, ONTI NKTP Publ., 1936, pp. 75—150.
  7. Nikuradze I. Stroemungsgesetze in rauhen Rohren. Forschungs-Heft (Forschungs auf dem Gebiete des Ingenieur-Wesens). 1933, no. 361, pp. 1—22.
  8. Bogomolov A.I., Borovkov V.S., Mayranovskiy F.G. Vysokoskorostnye potoki so svobodnoy poverkhnost’yu [High-speed Free Surface Flows]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1979, 344 p.
  9. Bryanskaya Yu.V., Baykov V.N., Volynov M.A. Metodicheskie osnovy obrabotki dannykh gidrologicheskikh izmereniy rechnykh potokov na pryamolineynykh uchastkakh rusel [Methodology of Processing of Hydrologic Data of River waterfl ows in Straightforward Beds]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Construction]. 2010, no. 11, pp. 60—64.

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Relation between the intensity of an inclined uniformly distributed load, settlement and displacement of the section of the soil mass boundary

  • Bogomolov Aleksandr Nikolaevich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) , Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya Street, Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ushakov Andrey Nikolaevich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, doctoral student, Department of Hydraulic and Earthwork Structures 8 (8442) 96-99-54, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, 1 Akademicheskaya st., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 67 - 74

The problem concerning the relation between the intensity of an inclined uniformly distributed
load and the displacement of a section of the boundary half-plane is considered in the article. The
value of the load intensity, physical and mechanical properties of the media may be used to determine
the displacement of the section of the soil mass boundary at any point of the lower half-plane.
The authors have also identified a relation between the settlement value and the intensity of the
inclined load. The value of the settlement, physical and mechanical properties of the media may
be used to identify the intensity of the inclined load, applied to the pre-set section of the soil mass
boundary.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.67-74

References
  1. Bogomolov A.N., Kalashnikov S.Yu., Ushakov A.N. Opredelenie osadok tochek uprugoy poluploskosti ot deystviya naklonnoy ravnomerno raspredelennoy nagruzki [Determination of Sediments of Points of the Elastic Half-plane Exposed to the Uniformly Distributed Load]. Vestnik Volgogr. gos. arkhit.-stroit. un-ta. Ser.: Str-vo i arkhit. [Vestnik VolGASU. Construction and Architecture Series]. 2011, no. 24(43), pp. 4—11.
  2. Muskhelishvili N.I. Nekotorye osnovnye zadachi matematicheskoy teorii uprugosti [Several Basic Problems of Mathematical Theory of Elasticity]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, 708 p.
  3. Michell J. H. The Inversion of Plane Stress. Proc. London Math. Soc. 1902, vol. 34, pp. 134—142.
  4. Kolosov G.V. Ob odnom prilozhenii teorii funktsiy kompleksnogo peremennogo k ploskoy zadache matematicheskoy teorii uprugosti [An Application of the Complex Function Theory to the Plane Problem of the Mathematical Theory of Elasticity]. Yur’ev, 1909, 187 p.
  5. Kolossoff G. ?ber einige Eigenschaften des ebenen Problems der Elastizit?tstheorie. Ztschr. f. Math. u. Phys. 1914, Bd. 62, pp. 383—409.

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

INFLUENCE OF PROPERTIES OF RIVER SOILS ON RIVER BED MOVEMENT

  • Borovkov Valeriy Stepanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; mgsu-hydraulic@ yandex.ru; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Volynov Mikhail Anatolevich - All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov (VNIIGIM) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Water Resources Management, All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov (VNIIGIM), 44 Bolshaya Akademicheskaya st., Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Markova Irina Mikhailovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management 8 (499) 261-39-12, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Suykova Natalya Valerevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management 8 (499) 261-39-12, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 75 - 82

The authors discuss interaction between the river flow and the formation of the river bed as a
single dynamic self-regulating system. Changes in the physical-mechanical properties of river bed
sediments occurring under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors, and the impact of
these changes produced on the processes of sedimentation and erosion of river channels are considered
in the article. Free and constrained precipitation of particles of different density, shape and
size are analyzed. A universal formula of the hydraulic resistance coefficient, applicable to particles
in the course of their sedimentation into the liquid, which takes account of both the front resistance
and the surface friction, is proposed. The authors also propose a formula that takes account of the
effect of concentration produced onto the rate of deposition. The experimental data reflecting the
impact of fine sediment on the viscosity and initial shear strength of the water and soil mixture are
considered. The results make it possible to improve the accuracy of calculations of channel processes
for the purpose of design of hydraulic structures, regulation of waterways and monitoring of
water bodies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.75-82

References
  1. Velikanov M.A. Ruslovoy protsess [River Bed Process]. Moscow, State Publishing House of Physical and Mathematical Literature, 1958, 395 p.
  2. Simons D., Miller K. Sediment Discharge in Irrigation Canals. Colorado State University. Fort Collins. Colorado, 1962.
  3. Lelyavskiy S. Vvedenie v rechnuyu gidravliku [Introduction in River Hydraulics]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1961, 228 p.
  4. Shlikhting G. Teoriya pogranichnogo sloya [Theory of the Boundary Layer]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1969, 742 p.
  5. Borovkov V.S., Mayranovskiy F.G. Aerogidrodinamika sistem ventilyatsii i konditsionirovaniya vozdukha [Aerohydrodynamics of Ventilation and Air Conditioning Systems]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 115 p.
  6. Levin B.M. Issledovaniya protsessov osazhdeniya melkodispersnykh suspenziy v usloviyakh malykh kontsentratsiy [Research of Sedimentation of Fine Suspensions in the Event of Their Small Concentrations]. Moscow, Sbornik trudov MIIT [Proceedings of Moscow Institute of Railroad Engineering], no. 176, 1963, pp. 18—23.
  7. Lyashchenko P.V. Gravitatsionnye metody obogashcheniya [Gravitational Methods of Concentration of Ores]. Moscow – Leningrad, Gostoptekhizdat Publ., 1940, 360 p.
  8. Evilevich A.Z. Raschet i proektirovanie iloprovodov [Calculation and Design of Silt Transportation Pipelines]. Moscow, MKKh RSFSR Publ., 1962, 114 p.
  9. Markova I.M. Vnutriruslovye geoekologicheskie protsessy v vodotokakh na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh [River Bed Processes in Urban Territories]. Moscow, 2005, 24 p.
  10. Mirtskhulava Ts.E. Razmyv rusel i metodika otsenki ikh ustoychivosti [Erosion of River Beds and Methodology of Assessment of Their Stability]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 1967, 177 p.
  11. Deryagin B.V. Poverkhnostnye yavleniya i svoystva gruntov i glin [Surface Phenomena and Properties of Soils and Clays]. Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR [Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR], 1956, no. 16.
  12. Lifshits E.M. Teoriya molekulyarnykh sil prityazheniya mezhdu tverdymi telami [Theory of Molecular Forces of Attraction between Solid Bodies]. Zhurnal eksperimental’noy i teoreticheskoy fi ziki [Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics]. 1955, vol. 29, pp. 94—112.
  13. Borovkov V.S. Priroda sil stsepleniya v vodonasyshchennykh peschanykh gruntakh [Coalescence between Particles of Water Saturated Sandy Soils]. Collected papers of Moscow Institute of Civil Engineering. 1987, pp. 33—40.

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Influence of properties of river soils on river bed movement

  • Volgina Lyudmila Vsevolodovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 14-18, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tarasov Vsevolod Konstantinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor; +7 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 14-18, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zommer Tatyana Valentinovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Director, Laboratory of Hydraulics 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 14-18, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 83 - 88

The authors consider the problem of conveyance of non-spherical solid particles in an open
rectangular channel. The process of glass container manufacturing is accompanied by formation of
waste glass at 1150...1350 °С. As a result, hot glass mass flows into cold water and transforms into
glass granules. Granules are used in the production of glass, and they can be loaded back into the
industrial furnace.
At this stage, there arises a problem of conveyance of waste glass granules into the gallery,
in the direction of the furnace. The pipeline-based method requires an engine, which will increase
the cost of glass containers. Hydraulic transportation of waste glass is a cheaper method. In this
connection, there is a practical problem of identifying the slope angle sufficient for the transportation
of waste glass in an open rectangular channel. Thus, we must determine the hydraulic characteristics
of the two-phase flow to solve the problem.
A laboratory research of the particle size distribution pattern was conducted in 2011 at the
glass factory in operation in the Tula region. The shape of particles and the condition of the glass surface affect the parameters of their hydraulic transportation. These characteristics are taken into
account when calculating the formula and introducing the correction coefficient.
The problem of determining the slope of the open channel needed to transport waste glass into
the glass melting furnace can be formulated as follows. What should be the angle of the bottom of
the channel for hydraulic transport of waste glass, when the particle speed reaches its critical value?
The input data are as follows: channel length - 70 meters, cross-section area - 1.4 m2. Hydraulic
transport of waste glass is produced under the influence of gravity, due to the difference in the height
of the upper and lower points of transportation.
Chezy coefficient helps determine the appropriate slope of the bottom of the channel. As
a result of the calculation of the angle of inclination of the bottom of the channel, the difference
between the upper and lower points was 2.17 m, the particle size of glass 4.76...17.97 mm, the
channel length - 70 m, height - 1 m, width - 1.4 m.
The benefits of free flow hydraulic transport include small operating costs. The main
disadvantage of hydraulic transport is the need for a substantial difference in the heights of upper
and lower points.
As a result, the authors have worked out their recommendations concerning the
transportation of y solid particles of waste glass.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.83-88

References
  1. Tarasov V.K., Kharin A.I., Gusak L.N. Dvukhfaznye potoki v napornom gidrotransporte [Two-phase Flows in Pressurized Hydraulic Transport]. Moscow, MISI Publ., 1987, 108 p.
  2. Puchkov L.A., Mikheev O.V. Gidrotransportnye sistemy gornodobyvayushchikh predpriyatiy [Hydraulic Transportation Systems of Mining Enterprises]. Moscow, MGK Association Publ., 2008.
  3. Nurok G.A., Bruyanin Yu.V., Lyashkevich V.V. Gidrotransport gornykh porod [Hydraulic Transportation of the Rock]. Moscow, MGI Publ., 1974.
  4. Yufin A.P. Gidromekhanizatsiya [Hydraulic Mechanization]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1974.
  5. Laufer J. The Structure of Turbulence in Developed Flow. NACA Rep., 1954.
  6. Tarasov V.K., Volgina L.V. Opredelenie gidravlicheskoy krupnosti chastits, forma kotorykh otlichaetsya ot sharoobraznoy [Identification of Hydraulic Fineness of Particles the Shape of Which Is Non-spherical]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 111—115.
  7. Androsov A.A. Nadezhnost’ tekhnicheskikh system [Reliability of Process Systems]. Rostov-Don, DGTU Publ., 2000. 169 p.
  8. Tikhontsov A.M., Tantsura A.I. Raschet parametrov gidrotransporta struzhki [Calculation of Parameters of Hydraulic Transportation of Cutting Chips]. Pridneprovskiy nauchnyy vestnik [Pridneprovskiy Scientific Bulletin]. 2006, no. 4.
  9. Blyuss B.A., Semenenko E.V., Shurygin V.D. Gidrotekhnicheskie sistemy tekhnologii dobychi i pererabotki titan-tsirkonovogo syr’ya [Hydraulic Engineering Systems of Extraction and Processing of Raw Titanium and Zircon]. Naukoviy visnik NGU [NGU Scientific Bulletin]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 86—89.
  10. Makharadze L.I., Gochitashvili T.Sh., Kril’ S.I. Truboprovodnyy transport tverdykh sypuchikh materialov [Pipeline Transportation of Granular Solid Materials]. Tbilisi, Metsnieerba Publ., 2006.

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Intensity and probability-related properties of turbulence of steady river flows

  • Volynov Mikhail Anatolevich - All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov (VNIIGIM) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Water Resources Management, All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov (VNIIGIM), 44 Bolshaya Akademicheskaya st., Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pisarev Denis Vladlenovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Hydraulics 8 (499) 261-39-12, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 89 - 94

The article represents an overview of the field studies of the intensity and distribution of probability
of longitudinal turbulent velocity fluctuations in river flows with different sizes of beds and
hydrological characteristics. The authors demonstrate that the normalizing transformation of velocity
fluctuations performed by the local friction velocity makes it possible to get the changes of velocity
fluctuations deep inside the flow close to universal.
The authors have also identified that the intensity of turbulent velocity fluctuations exceeds
the friction velocity 2.5-3-fold in the area close to the river bottom, while their intensities demonstrate
their gradual decline closer to the surface of the flow. The authors have derived an approximation
formula, describing the change of the intensity of longitudinal velocity fluctuations
deep inside river flows.
Probability distributions of longitudinal velocity fluctuations were compared to those based on
the law of Gauss. It is proven that they have a kurtosis of a frequency curve as well as an asymmetry
in comparison with the distribution of Gauss, which are most vivid in the area close to the bottom of the flow. Due to the fact that the coefficient of asymmetry includes a third degree of velocity fluctuations,
and a kurtosis of the frequency curve, experimental identification of these characteristics
is problematic for the reason of their instability. The new information concerning the intensity and
probability properties of the river flow turbulence can be used in projecting the mixture formation and
mass exchange processes ongoing inside river flows.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.89-94

References
  1. Kukolevskiy G.A. Gidravliko-veroyatnostnye kharakteristiki ruslovykh protsessov [Hydraulic and Probablistic Characteristics of River Bed Processes]. Works of the 5th National Hydrology Congress. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1988, vol. 10, Book 1, pp. 98—103.
  2. Harvey A.M. Some Aspects of the Relation between Channel Characteristics and Riffle Spacing in Meandering Channels. Wn. J. Sci., 1975, vol. 275, pp. 470—478.
  3. Bågin Z.B. Relationship between Flow Shear Stress and Stream Patterns. J. Hydrol. 1981, no. 3-4, pp. 307—319.
  4. Bryanskaya Yu.V., Baykov V.N., Volynov M.A. Raspredelenie skorostey i gidravlicheskoe soprotivlenie pri techenii v trubakh, kanalakh i rechnykh ruslakh [Velocity Distribution and Hydraulic Resistance of Flows in Pipes, Channels and River Beds]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 37—39.
  5. Davies T.R., Sutherland A.J. Resistance to Flow Past Deformable Boundaries. Earth Surf. Processes, 1980, vol. S, pp. 175—179.
  6. Kont-Bello Zh. Turbulentnoe techenie v kanale s parallel’nymi stenkami [Turbulent Flow in the Parallel Wall Channel]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1968, 325 p.
  7. Hanjalic K., Launder B. Fully Developed Asymmetric Flow in Plane Channel. J. Fluid Mech., vol. 51, part 2, 1972.
  8. Berkovich K.M., Chalov R.S. Ruslovoy rezhim rek i printsipy ego regulirovaniya pri razvitii volnovogo transporta [Regimen of River Beds and Principles of Its Regulation with Reference to Water Transport Development]. Geografi ya i prirodnye resursy [Geography and Natural Resources]. 1993, no. 1, pp. 10—17.

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Prevention of biogenic destruction by adding chitosan into the composition of cement

  • Darchiya Valentina Ivanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of General Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ustinova Yuliya Valerievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of General Chemistry 8 (499) 183-32-92, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nikiforova Tamara Pavlovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Deputy Chair, Department of General Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Sazonova Nina Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of General Chemistry 8 (499) 183-32-92, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 95 - 100

The objective of this research is to study the fungicidal properties of the cement composition
modified by chitosan (deacetylation rate - 95%, molecular weight - 200 kDm (MM 2,7x105)). The
optimal concentration of chitosan is identified so that its infusion into the cement paste did not deteriorate
the physical and mechanical characteristics, structure and composition of the latter. The
authors have identified that the infusion of 1% chitosan (in relation to the cement mass) into the
cement composition is optimal. It has resulted in (1) the slight improvement of the strength properties
of modified samples, (2) the reduction of dimensions of the porous space alongside with the
increase in the number of gel pores (20%), (3) the reduction of the number of capillary pores (5%).
The other subject of this research represents interaction of 1% (and lower concentrations of)
chitosan with calcium hydroxide. No interaction between 2% chitosan and calcium hydroxide is
identified. The conclusion is that the infusion of 1% chitosan into the cement composition provides
it with fungicidal and fungistatic properties, while the strength characteristic of the cement paste is
slightly improved.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.95-100

References
  1. Erofeev V.T., Smirnov V.F., Morozov A.E. Mikrobiologicheskoe razrushenie materialov [Microbiological Destruction of Materials]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, p. 97.
  2. Rejane C. Go, Douglas de Britto, Odilio B. G. Assis. A review of the antimicrobial activity of chitosan // Pol?meros. 2009. vol. 19. no. 3. p. 5—12.
  3. Vol’fkovich Yu.M., Bagotskiy V.S., Sosenkin V.E., Shkol’nikov E.I. Metody etalonnoy porometrii i vozmozhnye oblasti ikh primeneniya v elektrokhimii [Methods of Benchmark Porometry and Potential Areas of Their Application in Electrochemistry]. Elektrokhimiya [Electrochemistry]. 1980, no. 11, vol. 16, pp. 162—165.
  4. Chervinets V.M., Bondarenko V.M., Albulov A.I., Komarov B.A. Antimikrobnaya aktivnost’ khitozana s raznoy molekulyarnoy massoy [Antimicrobial Activity of Chitosan That Has Different Values of Molecular Weight]. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on New Advancements in the Study of Chitin and Chitosan. 2001, pp. 252—254.
  5. Darchiya V.I. Vliyanie khitozana na antistaticheskie svoystva tsementnoy kompozitsii [Influence of Chitozan on Antistatic Properties of the Cement Composition]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 109—112.
  6. Skryabin K.P, Vikhoreva G.A., Varlamov V.P. Khitin i khitozan: Poluchenie, svoystva i primenenie [Chitin and Chitosan: Preparation, Properties and Application]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2002, p. 192.

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Phenomenological model of local plasticity

  • Dolgorukov Vadim Aleksandrovich - Ryazan Institute (Branch) of Mosсow State Open University (MGOU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Chair, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Ryazan Institute (Branch) of Mosсow State Open University (MGOU), 26/53 Pravo-Libetskaya st., Ryazan, 390000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101 - 108

Two points of an elastic and perfectly plastic material exposed to the plane stress are examined by the author. One point is located on the stress concentrator surface. The other one is located at a certain distance from the first one (it is considered as a secondary point within the framework of the kinetic theory of a plastic flow).
As a result of the finite element analysis of the stress-strain state it has been discovered that the material in the point located in the front area of the kinetic plastic flow remains linearly elastic in terms of its physical condition, and the load is applied to it in accordance with a curved trajectory. This trajectory is represented by





U
0




-


U











coordinates, where Uф and U0 are the density-related components of dilatation and distortion strain. For the purposes of modeling, the trajectory is represented as a two-component broken line.
As a result, the kinetic plastic flow prolongation is limited. This effect intensifies while the value of the elastic Poisson ratio (µ) goes down. For example, for ? < 0.5, dimensions of the plastic zone outstretched along the crack curve are smaller than those identified using the Irwin plastic zone solution. Furthermore, in case of ? = 0.25, the effective crack length is



l

eff


=l-
1

18π




(


K


σ
Y






)



2







, and the modified stress distribution is below the singular stress distribution according to the laws of linear elastic fracture mechanics.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.101-108

References
  1. O’Dowd N.P. and Shih C.F. Family of Crack-tip Fields Characterized by a Triaxiality Parameter-I. Structure of Fields. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. 1991, no. 39, pp. 989—1015.
  2. Matvienko Yu.G. Modeli i kriterii mekhaniki razrusheniya [Models and Criteria of Fracture Mechanics]. Moscow, FIZMATLIT Publ., 2006, 328 p.
  3. Molsk K., Glinka G. A Method of Elastic-Plastic Stress and Strain Calculation at a Notch Root. Mater. Sci. Engng, vol. 50, 1981, pp. 93—100.
  4. Makhutov N.A. Konstruktsionnaya prochnost’, resurs i tekhnogennaya bezopasnost’ [Structural Strength, Durability and Anthropogenic Safety]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 2005. Part 1. Kriterii prochnosti i resursa [Criteria of Strength and Durability]. 494 p.
  5. Neuber H. Theory of Stress Concentration for Shear-Strained Prismatical Bodies with Arbitrary Nonlinear Stress-Strain Law. ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, no. 28, 1961.
  6. Morozov E.M. Kontseptsiya predela treshchinostoykosti [Concept of Crack Resistance Limit]. Zavodskaya laboratoriya [Industrial Laboratory]. 1997, no. 12, pp. 42—46.
  7. Irwin, G.R. Plastic Zone Near a Crack and Fracture Toughness, Mechanical and Metallurgical Behavior of Sheet Materials. Proceedings of Seventh Sagamore Ordnance Materials Conference. Syracuse University Research Institute, 1960, pp. IV-63 — IV-78.
  8. Jaku?ovas A., Daunys M. Investigation of Low Cycle Fatigue Crack Opening by Finite Element Method MECHANIKA. Tekhnologiya [Technology]. Kaunas, 2009, no. 3(77), pp. 13—17.
  9. Khezrzadeh H., Wnuk M., Yavari A. Infl uence of Material Ductility and Crack Surface Roughness on Fracture Instability. J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys., 2011, no. 44, 22 p.
  10. Malinin N.N. Prikladnaya teoriya plastichnosti i polzuchesti [Applied Theory of Strength and Creep]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1975, 400 p.
  11. Hutchinson, J.W. Singular Behavior at the End of a Tensile Crack in a Hardening Material. Journal of Mech. Phys. Solids, Vol. 16, 1968, pp. 13—31.
  12. Skudnov V.A. Predel’nye plasticheskie deformatsii metallov [Ultimate Plastic Strain of Metals]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1989, 176 p.
  13. Dolgorukov V.A. Inzhenernaya model’ kinetiki plasticheskogo techeniya vblizi kontsentratora napryazheniy [Engineering Model of the Kinetics of the Plastic Flow Close to the Stress Concentrator]. Collected works of the 3d International Conference “Deformation and Destruction of Materials and Nanomaterials]. Moscow, Interkontakt Nauka Publ., 2009, vol. 2, 407 p., pp. 313—314.
  14. Novopashin M.D., Suknev S.V. Gradientnye kriterii predel’nogo sostoyaniya Gradient Criteria of the Limit State]. Vestnik SamGU. Estestvennonauchnaya seriya. [Proceedings of Samara State University. Natural Science Series]. 2007, no. 4(54), pp. 316—335.
  15. Mosolov A. B. Cracks with a Fractal Surface. Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1991, 319 840–4.
  16. Bogatov A.A. Mekhanicheskie svoystva i modeli razrusheniya metallov [Mechanical Properties and Fracture Models of Metals]. Ekaterinburg, UGTU-UPI Publ., 2002, 329 p.
  17. McClintock F.A. Irwin G.R., Plasticity Aspects of Fracture Mechanics. ASTM STP 381, 1965, pp. 84—113.
  18. Rice J.R., Liebowitz H, ed. Mathematical Analysis in the Mechanics of Fracture. Fracture An Advanced Treatise. Academic Press, New York, 1968, vol. 2, chap. 3, pp. 191—311.

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Thermal impact produced onto a thermoelastic plate that demonstrates special boundary conditions

  • Egorychev Oleg Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Egorychev Oleg Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor 8 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Fedosova Anastasia Nikolaeva - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Senior Lecturer, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 109 - 115

The problem of forced vibrations of plates exposed to the thermal impact is interesting both
as a theoretical implication and an issue of practical importance. A thermal impact causes formation
of a non-steady temperature field. Thereafter, some materials turn fragile and cannot withstand the
exposure to the impact of a thermal field.
The authors propose a solution to the problem of influence of a thermal impact onto an isotropic
plate that demonstrates special boundary conditions, if its two opposite edges are simply
supported, and the surface temperature is equal to zero, while the two other edges might have an
arbitrary type of fixation and an arbitrary thermal mode.
In the first part of the paper, the authors provide their derivation of the elastic plate vibration
equation, if the plate is exposed to the thermal impact under the pre-set boundary conditions.
In the second part of the paper, the authors provide their solution to the aforementioned problem
based on a strictly mathematical approach. Their solution is presented as an integral function
of the plate deflection. The solution in question may be reduced to algebraic frequency equations
by using the method of expansion of trigonometric functions. Thus, it is possible to identify natural
frequencies of the plate vibration caused by the thermal impact.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.109-115

References
  1. Abo-el-nour N., Abd-alla, Nadia A. Askar. The Numerical Computation for Anti-symmetric Modes of Vibration of a Transversely Isotropic Generalized Thermoelastic Plate. International Journal of Mathematical Archive. 2012, no. 3(3), pp. 1091—1101.
  2. Hetnarski Richard B., Eslami M. Reza. Thermal Stresses – Advanced Theory and Applications. Series: Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer Science + Business Media, 2009, vol. 158.
  3. Beknazarov M.N., Blazhevich S.V., Nemtsev S.N. K voprosu o termouprugikh kolebaniyakh tonkoy ellipticheskoy plastinki, vozbuzhdaemykh impul’snym puchkom zaryazhennykh chastits [Concerning Thermal Elastic Vibrations of a Thin Elliptical Plate Caused by a Pulsed Beam of Charged Particles]. Vzaimodeystvie zaryazhennykh chastits s kristallami [Interaction of Charged Particles with Crystals]. Proceedings of the 38th International Conference. 2007, Moscow, May 29-31, pp. 27—28.
  4. Bondarenko N.S. Termouprugoe sostoyanie transversal’no-izotropnykh plastin pri sosredotochennykh teplovykh vozdeystviyakh [Thermoelastic State of Transversely Isotropic Plates Exposed to Concentrated Thermal Effects]. Donetsk National University, Donetsk, 2010, 169 p.
  5. Filippov I. G., Cheban V. G. Matematicheskaya teoriya kolebaniy uprugikh i vyazkouprugikh plastin i sterzhney [Mathematical Theory of Vibrations of Elastic and Viscoelastic Plates and Rods]. Kishinev, Shtiintsa Publ., 1988.
  6. Podstrigach Ya.S., Kolyano Yu.M. Obobshchennaya termomekhanika [Generalized Thermal Mechanics]. Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ., 1976.
  7. Egorychev O.O. Issledovaniya kolebaniy ploskikh elementov konstruktsiy [Research of Vibrations of Flat Elements of Structures]. Ìoscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2009.
  8. Bogdanov A.V., Poddaeva O.I. Sobstvennye kolebaniya uprugoy trekhsloynoy plastiny, dva protivopolozhnykh kraya kotoroy sharnirno zakrepleny, a dva drugikh svobodny ot zakrepleniya [Natural Vibrations of an Elastic Three-layer Plate, If Its Two Opposite Edges are Pinned, While the Other Two Are Not Fixed]. Teoriya i praktika rascheta zdaniy, sooruzheniy i elementov konstruktsiy. Analiticheskie i chislennye metody [Theory and Practice of Analysis of Buildings, Structures and Structural Elements. Analytical and Numerical Methods]. Proceedings of the 3rd International Scientific Conference, Moscow, 2010, pp. 81—87.
  9. Bogdanov A.V., Poddaeva O.I. Vyvod chastotnogo uravneniya sobstvennykh kolebaniy uprugoy trekhsloynoy plastiny, dva protivopolozhnykh kraya kotoroy sharnirno zakrepleny, a dva drugikh zhestko zakrepleny (analiticheskiy metod resheniya) [Derivation of the Frequency Equation of Natural Vibrations of an Elastic Three-layer Plate, If Its Two Opposite Edges Are Pinned, While the Other Two Edges Are Rigidly Fixed (an Analytical Solution). Teoriya i praktika rascheta zdanii, sooruzhenii i elementov konstruktsii. Analiticheskie i chislennye metody [Theory and Practice of Analysis of Buildings, Structures and Structural Elements. Analytical and Numerical Methods]. Proceedings of the 2nd International Scientific Conference, Moscow, 2009, pp. 65—69.

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Influence of thickness of connected elements onto the bearing capacity of the multiple-bolt friction joint

  • Endzhievskiy Lev Vasilevich - Institute of Civil Engineering of Siberian Federal University (SFU ISI) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Member of RAACS, Professor, Department of Building Structures 8 (391) 206-27-59, Institute of Civil Engineering of Siberian Federal University (SFU ISI), Offi ce 4-05, 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.
  • Tarasov Aleksey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering of Siberian Federal University (SFU ISI) postgraduate student, Institute of Civil Engineering of Siberian Federal University (SFU ISI), Office 4-05, 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 116 - 123

The article represents a summarized research of the influence of thickness of elements connected
by multiple-bolt friction joints produced onto the bearing ability of the connection. Different
thicknesses of structural elements connected by multiple-bolt friction joints produce both qualitative
and quantitative influence on the stress-strain state of the connection.
The relevance of the research is driven by the technology of Light Steel Framing Construction
(LSFC) that is intensively developed and implemented in the construction industry.
The objectives of the research encompass:
the experimental study of the influence of the thickness or thickness difference of connected
elements produced onto the bearing capacity of friction joints;
identification of the bearing capacity of high-strength bolts with controlled tension in the
bolted connection, depending on the thickness of connected elements.
The results of experimental tests of samples of connected plates, the thicknesses of which
vary from 1.5 mm to 5 mm, are presented in the paper.
The analysis of connections that have, at least, one plate the thickness of which is less than
5 mm, should incorporate the coefficients that take account of the bearing capacity fluctuations.
The authors demonstrate that the bearing capacity of friction joints of steel plates is highly
dependent on the thickness and thickness difference of connected plates. Different combinations of
thicknesses of plates within the range of 1…5 mm cause the bearing capacity of the joints to vary
within the range of 130 %.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.116-123

References
  1. Chung K.F., Lau L. Experimental Investigation on Bolted Moment Connections among Coldformed Steel. Engineering Structures. 1999, no. 21, pp. 898—911.
  2. Yu W.K., Chung K.F., Wong M.F. Analysis of Bolted Moment Connections in Cold-formed Steel Beam–column Sub-frames. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 2005, no. 61, pp. 1332—1352.
  3. Endzhievskiy L.V., Tarasov A.V. Eksperimental’nye i chislennye issledovaniya boltovykh soedineniy stal’nykh plastin pri raznykh sootnosheniyakh ikh tolshchin [Experimental and Numerical Research of Bolted Joints of Steel Plates If Correlations of Their Thicknesses Are Different]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Education Institutions. Construction]. Novosibirsk, 2011, no. 7, pp. 98—107.
  4. Korotkikh A.V. Fermy iz tonkostennykh otsinkovannykh profiley s perekrestnoy reshetkoy na sdvigoustoychivykh soedineniyakh [Steel Trusses of Thin-walled Galvanized Profiles with Intersecting Bars in Shear-resistant Connections]. Krasnoyarsk, 2012.
  5. Kretinin A.N. Tonkostennye balki iz gnutykh otsinkovannykh profiley: sostavnykh poyasov korobchatogo secheniya i gofrirovannykh stenok [Thin-walled Beams of Bent Zinced Steel Sections: Composite Box-section Belts and Corrugated Walls]. Novosibirsk, 2008.
  6. “INSI” Information website. Available at: http://insi.ru/. Date of access: April 07, 2012.
  7. “Termoshchit” [Thermal Shield] Information site. Available at: http://zoko.ru/. Date of access: April 08, 2012.
  8. “Kanadskiy dom” [Canadian House] website. Available at: http://www.kanadskiy-dom.ru/. Date of access: March 16, 2012.
  9. “Lindab” website. Available at: http://lindab.ru/. Date of access: Mar 26, 2012.
  10. SP 16.13330.2011. «Stal'nye konstruktsii» (Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP II-23-81*) [Construction Rules 16.13330.2011. Steel Structures. (Updated version of Construction Norms and Regulations II-23-81*]. Moscow, 2011.
  11. Moskalev N.S., Popova R.A. Stal’nye konstruktsii legkikh stal’nykh zdaniy: Uchebnoe posobie. [Steel Structures of Light-weight Steel Buildings: Manual]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2003.

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Polynomial matrix symbols

  • Myasnikov Aleksey Georgievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zavadskaya Elena Petrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 124 - 128

The operator symbol is usually its image at homomorphy into some function algebra or even into other operator algebras. In this case it is usually supposed, that the kernel of homomorphism is an ideal of rather continuous operators. In this case for Fredholm property of an operator the inversibility of its symbol is needed and enough. The authors consider the algebra generated by a complex matrix. The authors proved the existence and uniqueness of random matrix representation in the form of the sum of nilpotent matrix and linear combination of minimal idempotent matrixes combination.
The obtained results allow generalization for infinite-dimensional operators and can be used in systems of linear differential equations and in mathematical statistics.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.124-128

References
  1. Gokhberg I.Ts., Krupnik N.Ya. Vvedenie v teoriyu odnomernykh singulyarnykh integral’nykh operatorov [Introduction into the Theory of One-dimentional Singular Integral Operators]. Kishinev, Shtiintsa Publ., 1973, 428 p.
  2. Myasnikov A.G., Sazonov L.I. Singulyarnye integral’nye operatory s nekarlemanovskim sdvigom [Singular Integral Operators with a non-Carleman shift]. Izvestiya Vuzov. Matematica. [Bulletins of Institutions of Higher Education. Mathematics]. 1980, no. 3, pp. 22—31.
  3. Khelemskiy A.Ya. Banakhovy i polinormirovannye algebry: obshchaya teoriya, predstavleniya, gomologii. [Banach and Polynormed Algebras: General Theory, Representations, Homologies]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, 464 p.
  4. Causa A. Some Remarks in Linear Spaces îf Nilpotent Matrices. Le Matematiche, 1998, vol. LIII, pp. 23—32.
  5. DeMarr R. Nonnegative Idempotent Matrices. Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 1974, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 185—188.
  6. Horn R.A., Johnson Ch.R. Matrichnyy analiz [Matrix Analysis]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1989, 654 p.

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Iterative methods of solving the coupled filtration problem

  • Kakushev Eldar Ramazanovich - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) postgraduate student, Department of Composite Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), 1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sheshenin Sergey Vladimirovich - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Composite Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics 8 (495) 939-43-43, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), 1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zakalyukina Irina Mikhailovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theoretical Mechanics and Aerodynamics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 128 - 136

This paper represents a summary of the iterative solution to the problem of linearized coupled
filtration. The formulation of the coupled filtration problem can be applied for the purposes of simulation
of the land surface subsidence caused by the pumping of the fluid out of a well located near the
land surface. The pumping process causes pressure redistribution and, consequently, undesirable
subsidence of the land surface. The filtration problem considered by the authors is a direct problem,
therefore, domain dimensions, ground properties and pumping characteristics are supposed to be
available. With this assumption in hand, coupled differential equations are derived on the basis of
the Biot's filtration model and the Darcy's law.
First, spatial discretization is based on the finite element method, while the finite-difference
scheme is used to assure discretization within the course of time. Discretization of the linear coupled
problem leads to the generation of a linear saddle system of algebraic equations. It is well-known
that the stability condition of such a system is usually formulated as the LBB condition (inf-sup
condition). The condition is satisfied for a differential problem (to say more accurately, for a variational
problem). The validity of the stability condition for an algebraic system depends on the finite
elements used for the purpose of the problem discretization. For example, the LBB condition is not
always satisfied for most simple Q1-Q1 elements. Therefore, first of all, stability of the finite element
system is studied in the paper. The filtration problem has a number of parameters; therefore, it is
not easy to identify analytically the domain in which the stability condition is satisfied. Therefore, the
stability condition is under research that includes some numerical tests and examination of physical
dimensionality. The analysis completed by the authors has ended in the derivation of the formula
that determines the stability condition formulated on the basis of the problem parameters.
Second, solution methods are explored numerically in respect of sample 3D problems. Dimensions
of domains under consideration are typically as far as 20 km in length and width and up to
5 km in depth. Thus, the resulting linear system is rather large, as it is composed of hundreds of
thousands to millions of equations. Direct methods of resolving these saddle systems can hardly be
successful and they are definitely inefficient. Therefore, the only choice is the iterative method. The
simplest and the most robust method is the Uzawa method applied in combination with the conjugate
gradients iteration method used for the Schur complement system solution. The computer code
that implements iterative solution methods is written in FORTRAN language of programming. The
conjugate gradients method is compared to its alternatives, such as the Richardson iteration and the
minimal residue methods. All three methods were tested as methods of solving the model problems.
The authors provide their numerical results and conclusions based on the comparative analysis of
the aforementioned iteration methods.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.128-136

References
  1. Biot M.A. General Theory of Three-dimensional Consolidation. J. Appl. Phys. 1941, no. 12, pp. 155—164.
  2. Naumovich A. On Finite Volume Discretization of the Three-dimensional Biot Poroelasticty System in Multilayer Domains. Computational Methods in Applied Mathematics. 2006, no. 3, vol. 6, pp. 306—325.
  3. Naumovich A., Gaspar F.J. On a Multigrid Solver for the Three-dimensional Biot Poroelasticity System in Multilayered Domains. Comput. Vis. Sci. 2008, no. 11, pp. 77—87.
  4. Gaspar F.J., Gracia J.L., Lisbona F.J. and Vabishchevich P.N. A Stabilized Method for a Secondary Consolidation Biot’s Model. Numerical Methods Partial Differential Equations. 2008, no. 24, pp. 60—78.
  5. Schanz M. On the Equivalence of the Linear Biot’s Theory and the Linear Theory of Porous Media. 16th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference. July 16—18, 2003. University of Washington, Seattle.
  6. Kiselev F.B., Sheshenin S.V. Raznostnaya skhema dlya zadachi nestatsionarnoy fil’tratsii v sloistykh gruntakh [Finite-Difference Scheme for Non-stationary Boundary-value Filtration Problem for the Layered Ground]. Izvestiya RAN. MTT. [News of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Solid Body Mechanics]. 1996, no. 4, pp. 129—135.
  7. Sheshenin S.V., Kakushev E.R., Artamonova N.B. Modelirovanie nestatsionarnoy fil’tratsii, vyzvannoy razrabotkoy mestorozhdeniy [Simulation of Non-Stationary Filtration Caused by Oilfi eld Development]. Vestnik Moskovskogo un-ta. Ser. 1, Matematika. Mekhanika. [Bulletin of the Moscow University. Series 1. Mathematics, Mechanics]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 66—68.
  8. Bychenkov Yu.V., Chizhonkov E.V. Iteratsionnye metody resheniya sedlovykh zadach [Iterative Solution Methods for Saddle Systems]. Moscow, BINOM Publ., 2010.
  9. D’yakonov E.G. Minimizatsiya vychislitel’noy raboty [Minimization of Computing Work]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, 272 p.
  10. Brezzi F., Fortin M. Mixed and Hybrid Finite Element Methods. Springer-Verlag Publ., New York, 1991, 223 p.
  11. Elman H.C., Silvester D.J., Wathen A.J. Finite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005, 400 p.
  12. Samarskiy A.A., Nikolaev E.S. Metody resheniya setochnykh uravneniy [Solution Methods for Grid Equations]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1978.

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Variational formulations of the integral equation of stability of elastic bars

  • Kupavtsev Vladimir Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Theoretical Mechanics and Aerodynamics 8 (499) 183-46-74, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 137 - 143

The author considers the variational formulations of the problem of stability of non-uniformly
compressed rectilinear elastic bars that demonstrate their variable longitudinal bending rigidity in the
event of different classical conditions of fixation of bar ends.
Identification of the critical bar loading value is presented as a minimax problem with respect
to the loading parameter and to the transversal displacement of the bar axis accompanied by the
loss of stability. The author demonstrates that the critical value of the loading parameter may be formulated
as a solution to the dual minimax problem. Further, the minimax formulation is transformed
into the problem of identification of eigenvalues in the bilinear symmetric and continuous form, which
is equivalent to the identification of eigenvalues of a strictly positive, linear and completely continuous
operator. The operator kernel is presented in the form of symmetrization of the non-symmetric
kernel derived in an explicit form.
Within the framework of the problem considered by the author, the bar ends are fixed as follows:
(1) both ends are rigidly fixed, (2) one end is rigidly fixed, while the other one is pinned, (3) one
end is rigidly fixed, while the other one is attached to the support displaceable in the transverse direction,
(4) one end is rigidly fixed, while the other one is free, (5) one end is pinned, while the other
one is attached to the support displaceable in the transverse direction, (6) both ends are pinned.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.137-143

References
  1. Rzhanitsyn A.R. Ustoychivost’ ravnovesiya uprugikh system [Stability of the Equilibrium State of Elastic Systems]. Moscow, Gostekhizdat Publ., 1955, 475 p.
  2. Alfutov N.A. Osnovy rascheta na ustoychivost’ uprugikh system [Principles of the Stability Analysis of Elastic Systems]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1991, 336 p.
  3. Rektoris K. Variatsionnye metody v matematicheskoy fi zike i tekhnike [Variational Methods in Mathematical Physics and Engineering]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1985, 589 p.
  4. Litvinov V.G. Optimizatsiya v ellipticheskikh granichnykh zadachakh s prilozheniyami k mekhanike [Optimization in Elliptic Boundary-value Problems Applicable to Mechanics]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1985, 368 p.
  5. Litvinov S.V., Klimenko E.S., Kulinich I.I., Yazyeva S.B. Ustoychivost’ polimernykh sterzhney pri razlichnykh variantakh zakrepleniya [Stability of Polymer Bars in Case of Various Methods of Their Fixation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, vol. 2, pp. 153—157.
  6. Il’yashenko A.V. Lokal’naya ustoychivost’ tavrovykh neideal’nykh sterzhney [Local Stability of Tshaped Imperfect Bars]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 162—166.
  7. Tamarzyan A.G. Dinamicheskaya ustoychivost’ szhatogo zhelezobetonnogo elementa kak vyazkouprugogo sterzhnya [Dynamic Stability of a Compressed Reinforced Concrete Element as a Viscoelastic Bar]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 2, pp. 193—196.
  8. Dudchenko A.V., Kupavtsev V.V. Dvustoronnie otsenki ustoychivosti uprugogo konsol’nogo sterzhnya, szhatogo polusledyashchey siloy [Two-way Estimates of Stability of an Elastic Cantilever Bar, Compressed by a Half-tracking Force]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 6, pp. 302—306.
  9. Kupavtsev V.V. Variatsionnye formulirovki zadach ustoychivosti uprugikh sterzhney cherez izgibayushchie momenty [Variational Formulations of Problems of Stability of Elastic Bars Derived by Using Bending Moments]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 285—289.
  10. Kupavtsev V.V. O variatsionnykh formulirovkakh zadach ustoychivosti sterzhney s uprugo zashchemlennymi i opertymi kontsami [About the Variational Formulations of Stability Problems for Bars with Elastic Fixation of Supported Bar Ends]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 283—287.

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Elastic surface simulation as part of the computational solution to dynamic problems of the theory of elasticity with account for the conditions that cause non-reflection from the boundaries of the computational domain

  • Nemchinov Vladimir Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics, Mytischi Branch 8 (495) 583-73-81, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospekt, Mytischi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 144 - 147

The author describes the application of certain conditions that deprive the boundaries of certain
areas from reflecting properties. A numerical simulation of the elastic wave propagation pattern
in the infinite media is to be incorporated into the study of the impact of seismic loads produced on
buildings and structures.
The problem of elimination of reflected waves from the set of boundaries in the course of
calculation of dynamic problems of the theory of elasticity is quite important at this time. The study
of interaction between elastic waves and various engineering facilities has been unfeasible for quite
a long time.
A well-known method of generating counter-propagating waves at the boundary is applied
to compensate for the accumulation of longitudinal and transverse waves. The boundary ratio is
derived for longitudinal, transverse and other types of waves, including conical surface Rayleigh
waves, to check the performance of the proposed methodology.
Longitudinal, transverse, and conical surface Rayleigh waves as the main carriers of the elastic
energy fail to represent the relation. The problem is solved numerically through the application
of the dynamic finite element method. The numerical solution is capable of taking account of the
internal points of the area.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.144-147

References
  1. Il’gamov M.A., Gil’manov A.N. Neotrazhayushchie usloviya na granitsakh raschetnoy oblasti [Non-reflecting Conditions at the Boundaries of the Computational Domain]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ., 2003, 238 p.
  2. Nemchinov V.V. Difraktsiya ploskoy prodol’noy i poperechnoy volny na kruglom otverstii [Diffraction of Plane Longitudinal and Transverse Waves at the Circular Aperture]. Vestnik TsNIISK [Proceedings of Central Research Institute of Structural Units]. 2010, no. 10.
  3. Musaev V.K. Difraktsiya prodol’noy volny na kruglom i kvadratnom otverstiyakh v uprugoy srede [Diffraction of a Longitudinal Wave in Circular and Square Holes of the Elastic Medium]. Abstracts of the “Dissemination of Elastic Waves” Conference. Frunze, Frunze Institute of Technology, 1983, Part 1, pp. 72—74.
  4. Musaev V.K. Metod konechnykh elementov v dinamicheskoy teorii uprugosti [The Finite Element Method in the Dynamic Theory of Elasticity]. Prikladnye problemy prochnosti i plastichnosti [Engineering Problems of Strength and Ductility]. 1983, no. 24, pp. 161—162.
  5. Musaev V.K. Reshenie zadach o rasprostranenii voln metodom konechnykh elementov [Using the Finite Element Method to Resolve the Problems of Wave Propagation]. Mekhanika deformiruemogo tverdogo tela. Referativnyy zhurnal. [Mechanics of Deformable Solid Bodies. A Journal of Abstracts]. 1986, no. 10, p. 15.

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Analysis of a continuous double-s pan beam that has disabled constraints

  • Petrov Ivan Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 148 - 154

The objective of this article is to present the analysis of a double-span beam that has disabled
constraints, including its analysis in the state of static equilibrium and in the event of forced
vibrations. Hereinafter, the original system is entitled System 1, while the system that has disabled
constraints is System 2.
The analysis is performed in furtherance of the following pattern. First, System 1 static analysis
and System 2 static and dynamic properties analysis is executed. Later, we calculate the deflection
and the internal force of System 2 as the consequence of disabled constraints. By comparing
the process of static equilibrium of System 2 and the process of free vibrations of System 2, we
identify that the moment of flexion in the mid-span increases by 85 %, while the support moment
increases by 66 %.
The analysis of the system that has disabled constraints in the process of forced vibrations is
the same as the analysis demonstrated hereinbefore, except that the initial condition is calculated
differently. By disabling constraints, we can both reduce and increase the peak values of displacement
of the system in the process of forced vibrations.
This research proves that the proposed method can be used to calculate defl ection and the
internal force of static and dynamic systems having disabled constraints. That can be very important
in evaluation of the safety of structures after destruction of their individual elements.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.148-154

References
  1. Chernov Yu.T. K raschetu sistem s vyklyuchayushchimisya svyazyami [About the Analysis of Systems That Have Disrupting Constraints]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Analysis of Structures]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 53—57. Available at: http://elibrary.ru. Date of access: June 18, 2012.
  2. Chernov Yu.T., Petrov I.A. Opredelenie ekvivalentnykh staticheskikh sil pri raschete sistem s vyklyuchayushchimisya svyazyami [Identification of Equivalent Static Forces as part of Analysis of Systems That Have Disrupting Constraints]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 98—101. Available at: http://vestnikmgsu.ru. Date of access: June 18, 2012.
  3. Karpilovskiy V.S., Kriksunov E.Z., Malyarenko A.A. Vychislitel’nyy kompleks SCAD [SCAD Computer System]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, 592 p.
  4. Timoshenko S.P., Yang D.Kh., Univer U. Kolebaniya v inzhenernom dele [Vibrations in Engineering]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1985, 472 p.
  5. Darkov A.V., Shaposhnikov N.N. Stroitel’naya mekhanika [Structural Mechanics]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 1986, 607 p.
  6. Chernov Yu.T. Vibratsii stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Vibrations of Engineering Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2011, 382 p.
  7. Salvatore Mangano. Mathematica Cookbook. O’Reilly Media, 2010, 830 p.
  8. Perel’muter A.V., Kriksunov E.Z., Mosina N.V. Realizatsiya rascheta monolitnykh zhilykh zdaniy na progressiruyushchee (lavinoobraznoe) obrushenie v srede vychislitel’nogo kompleksa «SCAD Office» [Analysis of a Building Consisting of Cast-in-situ Reinforced Concrete to Resist Progressive Collapse Using «SCAD Offi ce» Computer System]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Journal of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 13—18. Available at: http://engstroy.spb.ru. Date of access: June 18, 2012.

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Application of the homogenization method to the elastoplastic bending of a plate

  • Savenkova Margarita Ivanovna - Lomonosov Moscow State University postraduate student, Department of Composite Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, MSU Main Building, Vorobevy gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sheshenin Sergey Vladimirovich - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MGU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Composite Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MGU), ; Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zakalyukina Irina Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Assosiate Professor, Department of Theoretical Mechanics and Aerodynamics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-24-01; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 156 - 164

The authors present a method of homogenization used to solve nonlinear equilibrium problems
of laminated plates exposed to transversal loads.
The homogenization technique is a general and mathematically rigorous solution to elasticity
problems. It describes the processes of deformation of composite structural elements. It was originally
developed for linear problems. This method encompasses the calculation of all characteristics
related to deflection by combining solutions to local and global homogenization problems. Thus, it
implements the general idea of the domain decomposition into subdomains.
The homogenization method has been most widely used in cases of periodical heterogeneity
because of significant simplification that happens due to periodicity. This simplification implies that
any cell of periodicity appears to be the material representative volume element (RVE). Therefore,
it is sufficient to solve local problems within a single periodicity cell. Hence, with reference to local
problems, conditions of periodicity are a mere consequence of the periodicity of the material
structure. Decomposition of the domain causes decomposition of the solution. The latter means that
displacements, stresses and strains are represented by functions that depend on both global and local
coordinates. Global coordinates are associated with the whole body scale and local coordinates
vary in the periodicity cell, i.e. in RVE only.
If the material structure is not periodic, but its properties do not depend on global coordinates,
material effective properties can be determined by solving local problems in any RVE. That is not the ase of nonlinear materials. Now local problems have to be solved in every RVE because of the homogenized
properties dependence on global coordinates. Another complication arises due to nonlinearity.
Indeed, the homogenization method employs the superposition principle to represent the solution to the
elasticity problem as summarized solutions to global and local problems. This principle doesn't work in
the case of nonlinearity. We suggest combining the standard homogenization technique with linearization
by using the loading history to solve the nonlinear problem. On the contrary, local linear problems
have to be solved in every RVE. Certainly, this method involves numerous calculations.
As for the problem considered in the paper, its nonlinearity is caused by material plastic properties.
Most plasticity-related principles are formulated as tensorial linear relationships between the
stress and strain rates. Hence, here we identify a perfect opportunity to employ the homogenization
method combined with linearization with regard to the load parameter. This combined technique is
implemented to resolve the heterogeneous plate bending problem. Heterogeneous materials are of
the two types: laminates and functionally graded materials (FGM).
The computer code is developed for the purpose of numerical plate bending simulation. It employs
the parallel programming MPI technique and the Euler type explicit and implicit methods. For
example, laminated plate bending due to the distributed transversal load was the subject of research.
Each layer of the plate was composed of FGM or a homogeneous material. The authors have discovered
that FGM plates have a higher yield stress then the plates composed of homogeneous layers.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.156-164

References
  1. Hui-Shen Shen. Functionally Graded Materials: Nonlinear Analysis of Plates and Shells. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2009.
  2. Pobedrya B.E. Mekhanika kompozitsionnykh materialov [Mechanics of Composite Materials]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984.
  3. Bakhvalov N.S., Panasenko G.P. Osrednenie protsessov v periodicheskikh sredakh. [Averaging Methods for Processes in Periodic Media]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984.
  4. Bardzokas D.I., Zobnin A.I. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie fizicheskikh protsessov v kompozitsionnykh materialakh periodicheskoy struktury [Mathematical Modeling of Physical Processes in Composite Materials of Periodic Structure]. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2003.
  5. Sheshenin S.V., Fu M., Ivleva E.A. Ob osrednenii periodicheskikh v plane plastin [Averaging Methods for Plates Periodic in the Plane]. Proceedings of International Conference “Theory and Practice of Buildings, Structures, and the Element Analysis. Analytical and Numerical Methods”. Moscow, MSUCE, 2008, pp.148-158.
  6. Antonov A.S. Parallel’noe programmirovanie s ispol’zovaniem tekhnologii MPI [Parallel Programming Using the MPI Technology]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 2004.
  7. Muravleva L.V., Sheshenin S.V. Effektivnye svoystva zhelezobetonnykh plit pri uprugoplasticheskikh deformatsiyakh [Effective Properties of Reinforced-concrete Slabs Exposed to Elastopastic Strains]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 1. Matematika i mekhanika [Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 1. Mathematics and Mechanics]. 2004, no. 3, pp. 62—65.
  8. Muravleva L.V. Effektivnye svoystva ortotropnykh kompozitov pri uprugoplasticheskikh deformatsiyakh [Effective Properties of Orthotropic Composite Materials Exposed to Elastoplastic Strains]. Elasticity and Anelasticity. Proceedings of International Scientific Symposium Covering Problems of Mechanics of Deformable Bodies, dedicated to the 95th anniversary of A.A. Ilyushin. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2006.
  9. Kristensen R. Vvedenie v mekhaniku kompozitov [Introduction into Mechanics of Composite Materials]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1982.
  10. Jones R. Mechanics of Composite Materials. Philadelphia, Taylor & Francis, 1999.
  11. Il’yushin A.A. Plastichnost’ [Plasticity]. Moscow, OGIZ Publ., 1948, Part 1.
  12. Sheshenin S.V. Primenenie metoda osredneniya k plastinam, periodicheskim v plane [Application of the Averaging Method to Plates Periodic in the Plane]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 1. Matematika i mekhanika [Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 1. Mathematics and Mechanics]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 47—51.

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Efficient use of pyrometric methods of measurement in the production of construction materials

  • Samsonov Aleksey Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Samsonov Ilya Alekseevich - Ltd AluTerra Limited Liability Company volunteer postgraduate student, Deputy Project Manager, Ltd AluTerra Limited Liability Company, 10S Presnenskaya Emb., Moscow, 123317, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 165 - 171

The authors argue that the use of pyrometers can be recommended for a limited number of
tasks. The method of spectral brightness conversion proposed by the authors serves as the founding
principle of a universal measuring device that has a low rate of errors. This method is effective
at different wavelengths.
The number of errors is reduced two-fold: first, the number of instrument-related errors is
reduced through increasing the sensitivity of the pyrometer and identifi cation of the finest pyrometry
ratio. Second, the authors suggest using, at least, three effective wavelengths to register the
spectral brightness. Moreover, the authors believe that the reduction of the systematic error of the
measured optical transition temperature designated for the derivation of its genuine values requires
the right choice of an effective wavelength so that the equivalent wavelength of the double spectral
ratio became infinitely big. This methodology makes it possible to derive an independent pyrometry
equation to identify unknown emissivity factors within three wavelengths. Thus, the pyrometric system
does not only take different temperature measurements, but also serves for the simultaneous
determination of monochromatic emissive power in the online mode, which is essential for the purposes
of taking measurements in the course of production of construction materials.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.165-171

References
  1. Garrison T.R., edited by D.Ya. Svet. Radiatsionnaya pirometriya [Radiation Pyrometry]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1964, 248 p.
  2. Sergeyev S.S. Novyy metod izmereniya rasplavov metallov [New Method of Metal Melt Measuring]. Nauka i tekhnologii v promyshlennosti [Science and Technologies in the Industry]. 2003, no. 1, pp. 32—35.
  3. Latyev L.N., Petrov V.A., Chekhovskoy V.Ya., Shestakov E.N., edited by A.E. Sheyndlin. Izluchatel’nye svoystva tverdykh materialov [Emitting Properties of Solid Materials]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1974, 472 p.
  4. Svet D.Ya. Opticheskie metody izmereniya istinnykh temperatur [Optical Methods of Measuring True Temperatures]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1982, 298 p.
  5. Poskachey A.A., Chubarov E.P. Optiko-elektronnye sistemy izmereniya temperatury [Optoelectronic Systems of Temperature Measurement]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1988, 248 p.
  6. Samsonov A.I. Universal’naya pirometricheskaya sistema [Universal Pyrometric System]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 329—333.
  7. Zhagullo O.M., edited by A.N. Gordov. Osnovnye terminy v oblasti temperaturnykh izmereniy [Basic Temperature Measurement Terms]. Moscow, Izdatel’svo standartov publ., 1992, 196 p.
  8. Samsonov A.I., Samsonov I.A. Povyshenie tochnosti pirometrii izlucheniya pri proizvodstve oblitsovochnykh stroitel’nykh materialov [Improving the Accuracy of Emission Pyrometry in the Manufacturing of Facing Construction Materials]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU [Internet Bulletin of VolgGASU]. Multidisciplinary Series. 2011, no. 4 (19).
  9. Samsonov A.I. Universal’naya izmeritel’naya lineyka [Universal Measuring Scale]. MLTI Scientific papers, 1978, vol. 278, pp. 112—115.

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Variance analysis of hydrophylic behaviour of vlieseline performed on the basis of parameters of its exposure to the glow discharge

  • Fedosov Sergey Viktorovich - Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University Acad. of RAASN, Doctor tech. Sciences, Professor, rector of +7-(4932)-32-85-40, Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University, 20, 8-th March, Ivanovo, Russia, 153037; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tanichev Maxim Vladimirovich - Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University Post-graduate Student +7-(908)-564-64-42, +7-(4932)-42-60-13, Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University, 20, 8-th March, Ivanovo, Russia, 153037; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Akulova Marina Vladimirovna - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, counselor, Russian Academy of Architectural and Building Sciences (RAASN), head, Department of Con- struction Materials Science, Special Technologies and Technological Facilities department, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), office 305, 20 8-th Marta street, Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Slashchev Roman Valerievich - Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISTUCT) student, Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISTUCT), 7 F. Engels St., Ivanovo, 153000, Russian Federation.
  • Shutov Dmitriy Alexandrovich - Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology Ph.D., Associated Professor +7-(920)-675-39-25, Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology, 7, F. Engels, Ivanovo, 153000; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 172 - 178

The subject matter of the article represents summarized findings of the variance analysis of the
fractional factorial experiment (the Latin Matrix). The items analyzed collectively by the coauthors
include the discharge current, the pressure of the orifice gas, or the air, and the period of exposure to
the direct current of the glow discharge. The properties analyzed by the coauthors include the water
absorption capacity, the wettability, and the capillary rise of the repair vlieseline. The discharge current
range was 20-100 mA, the pressure range was 50-200 Pa and the treatment time range was
15-120. The experiment was conducted according to the Latin matrix method, and the analysis of
variance (ANOVA) was used to check the influence of the discharge current, pressure and the treatment
time onto the hydrophilic properties of the material. The coauthors have demonstrated that the
discharge parameters are an insignificant factor in comparison to the exposure period.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.172-178

References
  1. Maksimov A.I. Teoriya neravnovesnykh protsessov tekhnologii elektronnykh priborov [Nonequilibrium Processes in Electronic Appliances]. Moscow, IKhNR RAN Publ., 1984, 306 p.
  2. Kutepov A.M., Zakharov A.G., Maksimov A.I. Vakuumno-plazmennoe i plazmenno-rastvornoe modifitsirovanie polimernykh materialov [Vacuum-plasma and Liquid-plasma Modification of Polymers]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2004, 496 p.
  3. Fedosov S.V., Mel’nikov B.N., Akulova M.V., Sharnina L.V. Primenenie tleyushchego razryada v stroitel’noy i tekstil’noy promyshlennosti [Application of the Glow Discharge in the Civil Engineering and Textile Industries]. Ivanovo, IGKhTU Publ., IGASU Publ., 2008, 236 p.
  4. Sharnina L.V. Nauchnye osnovy i tekhnologii otdelki tekstil’nykh materialov s ispol’zovaniem nizkotemperaturnoy plazmy, novykh preparatov i sposobov kolorirovaniya [Fundamentals and Technologies of Treatment of Textiles by the Low-temperature Plasma, New Preparations and Coloration Techniques]. 2006, 335 p.
  5. Rabinovich F.N. Dispersno-armirovannye betony [Fibre-reinforced Concretes]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989, 174 p.
  6. Elin V.K. Fibrobeton, armirovannyy voloknami, modifitsirovannymi plazmoy tleyushchego razryada [Glow Discharge Plasma Modifi cation of the Fibre-reinforced Concrete]. Ivanovo, 2006, 155 p.
  7. Fedosov S.V., Akulova M.V., Tanichev M.V., Shutov D.A. Issledovanie vliyaniya nizkotemperaturnoy plazmy tleyushchego razryada na gidrofil’nye svoystva remontnogo flizelina [Research of the Influence of Low-temperature Glow Discharge Plasma Treatment on Hydrophylic Properties of Vlieselinebased Wallpaper]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no 1, pp. 63—67.
  8. Fedosov S.V., Akulova M.V., Tanichev M.V. Modifi katsiya rulonnykh stenovykh materialov nizkotemperaturnoy plazmoy tleyushchego razryada na primere remontnogo flizelina [Modification of Roll Wallpaper by the Low-temperature Glow Discharge Plasma Exemplified by Repair Vlieseline]. Collected works of the 18th International Conference of Science and Technology “Information Media of the Higher Education”. Ivanovo, 2011, pp.195—199.
  9. Akhnazarova S.L., Kafarov V.V. Optimizatsiya eksperimenta v khimii i khimicheskoy tekhnologii [Experiment Optimization in Chemistry and Chemical Technology]. Moscow, Vyssh. Shk. Publ., 1978, 319 p.
  10. Rybkin V.V., Titov V.A. Kinetika i mekhanizmy vzaimodeystviya okislitel’noy plazmy s polimerami [Kinetics and Mechanisms of Interaction between Oxidizing Plasma and Polymers]. Entsiklopediya nizkotemperaturnoy plazmy [Low-temperature Plasma Encyclopedia]. Moscow, Yanus Publ., 2005, vol. 8-1, pp. 130—170.

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TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

Microtopographic parameters of friction surfaces of construction machinery and equipment

  • Gustov Yuriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Mechanical Equipment, Elements of Machines and Technology of Metals 8 (499) 183-94-95, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lyubushkin Kirill Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanical Equipment, Elements of Machines and Technology of Metals 8 (499) 183- 94-95, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Orekhov Aleksey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanical Equipment, Elements of Machines and Technology of Metals 8 (499) 183- 94-95, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 179 - 184

The article covers the concepts, definitions and correlations of parameters of worn surfaces
within the coordinate system of relative pressures and convergences of interacting elements of
construction machines.
The authors provide their findings based on the research of microtopographic and tribological
engineering parameters of scoop hinges of construction drags and fused crushing plates of jaw
crushers. As for the drag hinges, the friction pair is to include steel 110Г1ZL and X-5 padding that
demonstrates high resistance to friction (=1.04) and low temperature of frictional heating (ƒ= 90
°C). Mobile plates of jaw crushers need electrodes VSN-9 and TsN-16 for padding purposes, as they
demonstrate the biggest frictional fatigue values (= 2.76 and 2.62, respectively) and insignificant
temperature of heating of friction surfaces (9.4 and 4.9 °C). Electrodes TsN-16, T-590 and KBKh-45
are recommended for fixed plates.
Microtopographic parameters of worn friction surfaces are used to analyze the main tribological
engineering parameters of operating elements and joints of construction machines and items of
equipment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.179-184

References
  1. Gustov Yu.I. Povyshenie iznosostoykosti rabochikh organov i sopryazheniy stroitel’nykh mashin [Improvement of Wearability of Operating Elements and Joints of Construction Machines]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 1994, 529 p.
  2. Korobko V. I. Zolotoe sechenie i problemy garmonii sistem [The Golden Section and Problems of Harmony of Systems]. CIS ASV Publ., Moscow, 1998, 373 p.
  3. Chihos H. Sistemnyy analiz v tribonike [The System Analysis in Tribology]. Moscow, MIR Publ., 1982, 351 p.
  4. Gustov Yu.I. Tribotekhnika stroitel’nykh mashin i oborudovaniya [Tribological Engineering of Construction Machines and Equipment]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 192 p.
  5. Hebda M., Wachal A.. Trybologja. Wydawnictwa naukowo-techniczne. Warszawa, 1980, 611 p.
  6. Petrescu Florin Nicolae. Trjbologie. Institutul de Constructii Bucuresti. 1986, 275 p.
  7. Gustov Yu.I., Gustov D.Yu., Voronina I.V. Metodologiya opredeleniya tribotekhnicheskikh pokazateley metallicheskikh materialov [Methodology of Identification of Tribological Parameters of Metal Materials]. Collected works of the 16th Slovak-Russian-Polish Seminar “Theoretical Basics of Construction”. Zilina, Slovak Republic, 2007, pp. 339—342.
  8. Babichev A.P., Babushkina N.A., Bratkovskiy A.M. Fizicheskie velichiny: spravochnik [Physical Values: Reference Book]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1991, 1232 p.
  9. Gustov Yu.I., Voronina I.V. Modernizatsiya i remont samokhodnykh mashin [Modernization and Repair of Self-propelled Machines]. Materials of International Scientific and Technical Conference «Interstroymekh-2007». Samara, SGASU Publ., 2007, pp. 238—242.

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

The present-day geo-ecological status of landfills in the Moscow region and solutions to the problem in question

  • Aleshina Tatyana Anatolevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); Department of Engineering Geology and Geo-ecology Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); Department of Engineering Geology and Geo-ecology, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolayevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 185 - 190

The authors consider the negative impact of landfills of solid domestic waste in the Moscow
region. Municipal solid waste consists of everyday items that are discarded by the public. The composition
of the municipal waste does not vary in the regions, although its amount changes significantly as the time progresses.
In the article, the authors analyze the waste accumulation rate growth per Russian inhabitant.
Today, the disposal of waste at landfills is the ultimate fate of all solid wastes in Russia. The biggest
operating landfills are concentrated in the Moscow region. Modern landfills can be dangerous to the
environment and to the public health and safety. They produce various chemical, thermal, mechanical,
bacterial and even radioactive impacts. The authors have compiled a scheme of geo-ecological
impact of the landfill gas onto the biosphere. Different types of pollution in the areas of concentration for the solid domestic waste have a negative effect onto each environment component. The authors
provide the values of norms of payment and conversion factors for air emissions of landfills. They
are low, and they do not cover the cost of damage onto the environment. There is a need to find
ways of using the municipal solid waste in Russia for energy generation purposes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.185-190

References
  1. Popel’ O.S. Vozobnovlyaemye istochniki energii v Rossii: problemy i perspektivy. XVIII Mendeleevskiy s”ezd po obshchey i prikladnoy khimii [Renewable energy sources in Russia: problems and prospects. Mendeleev Congress of general and applied chemistry]. Moscow, 2007, vol. 3, p. 146.
  2. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva g. Moskvy no. 9-PP ot 15 yanvarya 2008 g. «Ob utverzhdenii norm nakopleniya tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov i krupnogabaritnogo musora». [Resolution of the Government of Moscow ¹ 9-PP of 15.01.2008 «On approval of norms of accumulation of waste»].
  3. Project of the Regional Target Program «Handling of Waste in the Moscow Region 2006—2015». March 2th, 2005, no. 6/131.
  4. Federal Law «On Industrial and Consumer Wastes», 1998.
  5. Tverdye bytovye otkhody [Solid Domestic Waste]. Scientific Practical Journal, no. 10 (64), 2011.
  6. Aleshina T.A. Geoekologicheskoe modelirovanie vozdeystviy biogaza poligonov TBO na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [Geo-ecological Modeling of the Landfill Gas Impact onto the Environment]. MGSU Publ., 2011.
  7. Federal Law «On Environmental Protection», 2002.
  8. Petrova T.V. Pravovye problemy ekonomicheskogo mekhanizma okruzhayushchey sredy [Legal Problems of the Economic Mechanism of the Environment]. Moscow, Zertsalo Publ., 2000.
  9. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva Moskvy ot 28 aprelya 2001 g. ¹131/16 «Ob indeksatsii platy za zagryaznenie okruzhayushchey sredy na territorii Moskovskoy oblasti». [Resolution of the Government of Moscow of 28.04.2001 no. 131/16 «Indexation of payment for the abuse of the environment in the Moscow region»].
  10. P’yankova E.D. Otsenka i minimizatsiya vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu poligonov TBO [Assessment and Mitigation of Impacts of Landfills onto the Environment]. St.Petersburg, 2007.

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Engineering-geological or geoecological processes and phenomena; their development in the present-day environment

  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Ivan Aleksandrovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Emergency Healthcare named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy engineer, Scientific and Research Institute of Emergency Healthcare named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 191 - 196

The authors consider theoretical issues of the present-day interpretation and applicability of
the terms and concepts of the engineering geology and geoecology. The authors propose a new
approach to the formulation of definitions of the founding concepts of major categories of the engineering
geodynamics as the constituent part of the engineering geology. At the current stage of
development of the geoecology, the processes and phenomena typical for the geological environment
considered from the viewpoint of civil engineering are regarded as geoecological rather than
engineering and geological.
Examples of incorrect interpretation of these concepts of engineering geology replace the
study of the processes and phenomena of the engineering geology by the study of exogenous
processes in the upper zone of the earth crust. Negative processes underway in the geological environment
that are considered within the framework of the engineering geology should be assessed
as geoecological. The assessment of the present-day use of the term "geoecological processes and
phenomena" is based on the principle of indecomposability and unity of the geosphere. This fact
serves as the basis for the modern interpretation of concepts of engineering geology or geoecology
that relate to the geological environment and its use as the setting of construction works.
The authors demonstrate that the pollution of the atmospheric air or its transparency affect
structures. It causes changes in the hydrogeological conditions that may cause a flood or reduction
of the level of underground waters that influence the behaviour of bases of constructions.
Anthropogenic impacts that cause the temperature and chemical pollution of the subterranean hydrosphere
can lead to the dissolution of rocks, trigger karst processes, boost the speed of underground
waters, and, thus, trigger the mechanical suffosion in the sands. The concept of geoecological
processes and phenomena as the basic categories needs the assessment of the geological
environment when exposed to the anthropogenic impact.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.191-196

References
  1. Kamenskiy G.N., Korchebokov N.A., Razin K.I. Dvizhenie podzemnykh vod v neodnorodnykh plastakh [Motion of Subterranean Waters inside Heterogeneous Strata]. Moscow, Soedinennoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izd-vo publ., 1935.
  2. Anan’ev V.P., Potapov A.D. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geology]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola publ., 2009.
  3. Norint S.A. Bol’shoy tolkovyy slovar’ russkogo yazyka [Big Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language]. St.Petersburg, 1998.
  4. Mirkin B.M. Terminy i opredeleniya po okhrane okruzhayushchey sredy, prirodopol’zovaniyu i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti [Terms and Defi nitions Relating to Environmental Protection, Use of Natural Resources and Environmental Safety]. St.Petersburg, SPbGU Publ., 2001.
  5. Savchenko V.N., Smagin V.P. Nachala sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [Basics of Contemporary Natural Science]. Rostov-on-Don, Tezaurus Publ., 2006.
  6. Slovar’ terminov chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Dictionary of Emergency Terms]. Moscow, Ministry of Emergencies Management Publ., 2010.
  7. Potapov A.D. Ekologiya [Ecology] Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2005.
  8. Korolev V.A. Ochistka gruntov ot zagryazneniy [Decontamination of Soil]. Moscow, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodika Publ., 2001.
  9. Potapov I.A., Shimenkova A.A., Potapov A.D. Zavisimost’ suffozionnoy ustoychivosti peschanykh gruntov razlichnogo genezisa ot tipa fil’trata [Dependence of Suffosion Stability of Sandy Soils of Various Geneses on the Type of Filtrate]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 79—86.

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Problem of use of disturbed urban areas

  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Senyushchenkova Irina Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Novikova Olga Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gudkova Ekaterina Anatolevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 197 - 202

The present stage of development of urban areas is characterized by the intense development
of areas previously unsuitable for geological and environmental engineering purposes. The study
was approved by the city authorities and conducted in the complex terrain. The complex topography
under consideration was formed under the impact of geological, tectonic, hydrological, exogenous
and anthropogenic factors. Towards this end, the main objective of the research was the analysis
of the geo-ecological factors that produced impact on the urban areas exposed to complex geomorphological
conditions with a view to their functional use at minimal environmental risks and most
favorable conditions for human beings.
The authors employed theoretical and practical research methods, including: (1) geo-morphological
analysis of urban areas, (2) monitoring and analysis of the human impact produced on the
environmental components, (3) development of approaches to the functional use and development
of urban areas in a complex geomorphologic setting.
The geomorphologic analysis was held in the cities of Volgograd, Bryansk, and Nizhny
Novgorod. It has proven that the geological structure (the presence of loess loam, karst rocks with
inter-bedded clays and sands) contribute to hazardous geological processes (gully erosion, landslides,
suffusion and subsidence).
Nevertheless, these urbanized areas are lucrative for development. On the basis of the results
of the pilot study, physical, climatic and ecological models have been generated. The authors
have also performed the monitoring of contaminated lands and compiled recommendations for their
development, including (1) the planning of urban development actions with account for the geomorphic
elements, (2) micro-zoning based engineering, geological and environmental information to be
considered before deciding on the type of use of recovered urban areas.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.197-202

References
  1. Bocharov Yu.P., Krogius V.R. Problemy planirovki gorodov v usloviyakh slozhnogo rel’efa [Problems of Urban Planning in the Complex Terrain]. Arkhitektura SSSR [The Architecture of the USSR]. 1976, no. 7, pp. 29—34.
  2. Vladimirov V.V. Gorod i landshaft [City and Landscape]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1986, 238 p.
  3. Mikrin V.I., Gorodkov A.V., Senyushchenkova I.M. Landshaftno-ekologicheskie issledovaniya i problemy ekorekonstruktsii istoricheskogo goroda (na primere g. Bryanska). Proekt i realizatsiya — garanty bezopasnosti zhiznedeyatel’nosti [Landscape and Ecological Research, and Problems of Ecological Recovery of a Historic Town (exemplifi ed by Bryansk). Project and Its Implementation as the Guarantors of Life Safety]. Proceedings of the General Meeting of the Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences]. 2006, St.Petersburg, St.Petersburg University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 93—98.
  4. Olen’kov V.D. Gradostroitel’noe planirovanie na narushennykh territoriyakh [Urban Planning in Disturbed Areas]. Moscow, LKI Publ., 2007, 192 p.
  5. Rastorguev O.S. Inzhenernaya podgotovka i blagoustroystvo naselennykh mest [Land Development and Improvement of Residential Areas]. Moscow, MARKhI Publ., 1981, 116 p.
  6. Bochever F.M., Lapshin N.N., Oradovskaya A.E. Zashchita podzemnykh vod ot zagryazneniya [Ðrotection of the Groundwater against Pollution]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1979, 122 p.
  7. Gol’dberg V.M, Gazda S.V. Gidrogeologicheskie osnovy okhrany podzemnykh vod ot zagryazneniya [Hydrogeological Fundamentals of Protection of the Groundwater against Pollution]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1984, 262 p.
  8. Gol’dberg V.M., Yazvin L.S. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po otsenke ekspluatatsionnykh zapasov termal’nykh vod [Guide for Assessment of Operational Reserves of Thermal Waters]. Moscow, VSEGINGEO Publ., 1966, 114 p.
  9. Gol’dberg V.M., Zverev V.P., Arbuzov A.I., Kazennov S.M. Tekhnogennoe zagryaznenie prirodnykh vod uglevodorodami i ego ekologicheskie posledstviya [Anthropogenic Pollution of Natural Waters by Hydrocarbons and Its Ecological Consequences]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2001, 125 p.

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ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Optimization of design-related procedures of the customer authorities

  • Golovin Sergey Viktorovich - Institute for Executives and Specialists of Value Engineering (ANO DPO ISI) consultant, Institute for Executives and Specialists of Value Engineering (ANO DPO ISI), Building 1, 95 Prospekt Mira, Moscow, 129085, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 203 - 208

Currently, the scope of construction works remains highly dependent on public investments. In
turn, investment resources do not always contemplate specific results within pre-set deadlines and
pursuant to the pre-set parameters. The activities of public services in charge of investment projects hat involve construction operations, are composed of several interrelated processes that are as
complex as the processes that are typical for business enterprises, even if the minimal number of
production-related functions is taken into consideration.
The author drives attention to the relevance of optimization of the work performed by the state
customer, since the number of assignments to be performed cannot be covered by the existing organizational
and economic means. The state customer can improve its performance if its organizations
adopt the experience of the top market companies. The best practices to be assimilated include the
benchmarking process, as well as the processes of reengineering and redesign. These technologies
are widely known abroad, although they are not adequately represented in the Russian practice.
They are not applied by the agencies responsible for master plans and investment plans. At the
same time, these procedures may bring specific and measurable positive results. Therefore, there
is a strong potential for further scientific research to be performed in this field.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.203-208

References
  1. Anufriev S.S. Regulirovanie sistem regional’nogo gosudarstvennogo zakaza: vozmozhnosti korruptsionnogo protivodeystviya [Regulation of Systems of Regional State Orders: Resistance to Corruption]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2010, no. 37(172), pp. 34—38.
  2. Kankhva V.S. Formirovanie mekhanizma obespecheniya i povysheniya ekonomicheskoy ustoychivosti [Formation of the Mechanism Designated for the Assurance and Improvement of the Economic Stability]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 161—167.
  3. Lukinova L.I. K voprosu ob otsenke konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiya [Assessment of the Competitive Strength of an Enterprise]. Aktual’nye voprosy ekonomiki, prava, psikhologii, pedagogiki i sotsiologii v global’nom mire [Relevant Issues of Economy, Law, Psychology, Pedagogics and Sociology in the Global World]. Collection of scientific articles contributed to the International Scientific and Practical Conference. Volgograd, 28-29 February, 2012. Volgogradskoe nauchnoe izdatel’stvo publ., 2012, pp. 130—134.
  4. Ekonomika perekhodnogo perioda. Ocherki ekonomicheskoy politiki postkommunisticheskoy Rossii. Ekonomicheski rost 2000—2007. [Economy of the Transition Period. Essays about the Economic Policy of the Post-Communist Russia. The Economic Advance of 2000—2007.] Moscow, Delo ANKh Publ., 2008.
  5. Yas’kova N.Yu., Karasik D.M. Programmno-tselevye metody razvitiya stroitel’stva. Sovremennyy format gorodskikh tselevykh programm [Programme-oriented Methods of Construction Development. Contemporary Format of Target-Oriented Urban Development Programs]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 182—187.
  6. Yas’kova N.Yu., Silka D.N. Upravlenie investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nost’yu v tsiklicheskoy dinamike [Management of Investment and Construction Activities in Its Cyclical Motion]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011.
  7. Rostovtseva Yu.V. Prognozirovanie i planirovanie kak funktsional’nye elementy sistemy upravleniya [Projecting and Planning as Functional Elements of the Management System]. Vestnik Gosudarstvennogo universiteta upravleniya [Proceedings of the State University of Management]. 2009, no. 12, pp. 185—189.
  8. Fukolova Yu., Shelukhin I., Belov A. Benchmarking: vse luchshee — sebe [Benchmarking: Getting All the Best]. Sekret fi rmy [Corporate Secret]. 2002, no. 1, pp. 25—28.
  9. Kharrington D., Esseling K., Nimvegen X. Optimizatsiya biznes-protsessov. Dokumentirovanie, analiz, upravlenie, optimizatsiya. [Optimization of Business Processes: Documentation, Analysis, Management, Optimization]. St.Petersburg, 2002.
  10. Shirokova G.V., Nodel”man V.A. Opyt vnedreniya protsessnogo podkhoda pri podgotovke k sertifikatsii po standartu ISO 9000 (na primere kompanii «RASTRO») [Practical Implementation of the Process-based Approach in the Course of Preparation for the Certification pursuant to the ISO 9000 Standard (Exemplifi ed by RASTRO Company]. Vestnik S.-Peterb. un-ta. Ser. Menedzhment. [Proceedings of St.Petersburg University. Management Series]. 2002, no.. 2, pp. 18—22.

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Assessment of interaction between supervisory and executive elements of building programmes

  • Kopelchuk Stanislav Yulevich - U.M.E.K. Limited Liability Company consultant, U.M.E.K. Limited Liability Company, 71 Profsoyuznaya st., Moscow, 117342, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 209 - 213

The management of state-funded building programmes has a very high value in the present-day
volatile market. State budget proceeds cover the vast majority of construction projects. Improvement
of efficiency of interaction between the parties involved in this process is critical to the economic stability.
Federal programmes and projects managed by public corporations are among the main tools
applied to these investments. In this regard, the author identifies the areas of interaction and analyses
the link between the supervisory and executive elements of building programmes on the basis of the
principle of the feedback assessment. Feedback is an essential concept of the systems theory.
According to the results of this analysis, the author proposes methods of identification and
elimination of drawbacks in the operation of planning authorities. The planning procedure is to be
based on the scientific research with account for the main objectives of programmes and ancillary
servicing processes, material, human and financial resources. The findings of the author are applied
as the basis for the proposals designated for the improvement of investment management systems,
if funded from federal and regional budgets.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.209-213

References
  1. Agaptsov S.A., Fomin P.A., Shakhovskaya L.S., Mordvintseva A.I. Indikativnoe planirovanie kak osnova strategicheskogo razvitiya promyshlennogo predpriyatiya [Indicative Planning as the Basis for Strategic Development of an Industrial Enterprise]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2002, pp. 125 — 130.
  2. Anokhin A.M., Blachev R.N., Gusev V.B., Pavel’ev V.V. Modeli indikativnogo planirovaniya sotsial’nogo i ekonomicheskogo razvitiya regiona [Models of Indicative Planning of the Social and Economic Development of a Region]. Moscow, Institute of Management Problems named after V.A. Trapeznikov, RAN Publ., 2005, pp. 45—49.
  3. Kayl’ Ya.Ya. Okazanie gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal’nykh uslug v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: sostoyanie, problemy, perspektivy [Provision of State and Municipal Services in the Russian Federation: Status, Problems, Prospects]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2011, no. 28 (211), pp. 48—55.
  4. Silka D.N. Printsipy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya tsiklami delovoy aktivnosti v stroitel’stve [Principles of State Management of Business Cycles in Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, pp. 45 — 49.
  5. Kiselev S.A. Sovershenstvovanie deyatel’nosti natsional’nykh institutov razvitiya [Improvement of Operations of National Development Institutions]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 196 — 198.
  6. Il’ina M.V. Protsessnyy podkhod k upravleniyu v stroitel’stve v ramkakh federal’noy kontraktnoy sistemy [Process-based Approach to Construction Management within the Framework of the System of Federal Contracts]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 21, pp. 161—163.
  7. Samosudov M.V. Klassifikatsiya resursov dlya biznesa [Classifi cation of Business Resources]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 21, pp. 204—207.
  8. Trachenko M.B. Printsipy byudzhetirovaniya v sisteme tsentralizovannykh i detsentralizovannykh finansov [Principles of Budgeting within the System of Centralized and Decentralized Finances]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 22, pp. 214—217.
  9. Matserin I.N. Regional’naya innovatsionnaya politika i instrumenty ee realizatsii [Regional Policy of Innovations and Instruments for Its Implementation]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2011, no. 16 (199), pp. 49—52.
  10. Nabiev P.T. Sovershenstvovanie metodiki otsenki effektivnosti gosudarstvennoy podderzhki malogo biznesa [Improvement of the Methodology of Assessment of Effi ciency of the State Support of Small Business Enterprises]. Collected papers of Scientific and Practical Conference “Relevant Issues of Economics, Law, Psychology, Pedagogics and Sociology in the Global World”. Volgograd, 28—29 February, 2012. Volgograd, Volgogradskoe nauchnoe izdatel’stvo publ., 2012, pp. 167—169.

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Reconstruction of operating medical facilities

  • Malykha Galina Gennadevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Guseva Olga Borisovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Construction Informatics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Petrunin Vadim Viktorovich - GIPROKON L-D Ltd Deputy Director for Process Design, GIPROKON L-D Ltd, 7 Gilyarovskogo st., Moscow, 129090, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Nadezhda Dmitrievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 214 - 220

The authors consider the scheduling and organizational aspects of the process of renovation
of Moscow medical facilities(200 beds).
The reconstruction of any medical facility should take account of (a) availability of clear space
required for the accommodation of construction works, and (b) assurance of continuous operation
of a medical facility in the course of its reconstruction. At the same time, it is necessary to avoid any
deterioration of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of medical facilities. The complexity of the
task is aggravated by the fact any reconstruction of any medical facility is accompanied by the lack
of area to be cleared for reconstruction works.
The example provided in the paper demonstrates the complexity of these projects and the need
for close cooperation between design development specialists, engineers and the medical staff.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.214-220

References
  1. Prilozhenie k postanovleniyu Pravitel’stva Moskvy ot 4 oktyabrya 2011 g. Poz. 461-ÏÏ Gosudarstvennaya programma goroda Moskvy na srednesrochnyy period (2012—2016 gg.) «Razvitie zdravookhraneniya goroda Moskvy (Stolichnoe zdravookhranenie)». [Annex to Resolution of the Government of Moscow of October 4, 2011 ¹ 461-ÏÏ “State Programme of the City of Moscow for the Medium Term (2012—2016): Development of the Public Healthcare System of the City of Moscow (Health of the Capital)».

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Publication of the engineering documentation that accompanies the state order placement procedure

  • Polovtsev Igor Nikolaevich - St.Petersburg State University (SPGU) Deputy Head, Capital Construction Department, St.Petersburg State University (SPGU), 7/9 Universitetskaya na berezhnaya, St.Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 221 - 226

The author analyzes the scope of technical documents required to be published in the course
of the placement of state and municipal construction-related orders. The conclusion made by the
author is that the publication of the package of technical documentation facilitates competition in
the construction industry. Moreover, the publication of technical documents contributes to higher
responsibility of both design engineers in terms of the quality of design works and the customers in
terms of their acceptance and assessment of completed projects.
The issue of arrangement of placement of construction orders (namely, the contractor selection
procedure) needs further elaboration. It must be considered in the course of further development
of the Federal legislation regulating the procedure of placement of state orders.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.221-226

References
  1. Grazhdanskiy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Chast’ vtoraya. Federal’nyy Zakon ot 26 yanvarya 1996 g. ¹ 14-FZ. [Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Part 2. Federal Law of January 26, 1996 no. 14-FZ]. Sobr. zakonodatel’stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Legislation Bulletin of the Russian Federation]. 1996, no. 5, p. 410.
  2. O razmeshchenii zakazov na postavki tovarov, vypolnenie rabot, okazanie uslug dlya gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal’nykh nuzhd. Federal’nyy Zakon ot 21 iyulya 2005 g. ¹ 94-FZ. [About the Placement of Orders for the Supply of Commodities, Performance of Works, Provision of Services as Requested by the Government and Municipal Authorities. Federal Law of July 21, 1995, no. 94-FZ]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 28 July, 2005.
  3. Afanas’ev D.V. Problemy razmeshcheniya munitsipal’nogo zakaza v forme auktsiona [Problems That Accompany the Placement of Municipal Orders through the Announcement of Contests]. Aktual’nye problemy gumanitarnykh i estestvennykh nauk [Relevant Problems of Humanities and Natural Sciences]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 101—102.
  4. Asaul A.N., Koshecheev V.A. Gosudarstvennoe predprinimatel’stvo v stroitel’stve (gosudarstvennyy stroitel’nyy zakaz) [State Entrepreneurship in the Construction Industry (State Construction Order)]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii [Modern Science-intensive Technologies]. 2010, no. 2, p. 140.
  5. Glazov N.M. Osobennosti provedeniya gosudarstvennykh zakupok na podryadnye raboty v stroitel’stve [Peculiarities of Governmental Procurement of Contractual Works in the Construction Industry]. Obshchestvo. Sreda. Razvitie (Terra Humana) [Society. Environment. Development (Terra Humana)]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 19—23.
  6. Oparin S.G., Sulima V.V. Razvitie konkursov na pravo zaklyucheniya gosudarstvennogo kontrakta na stroitel’stvo ob”ektov transportnoy infrastruktury [Development of Contests for the Right to Make State Contracts for Construction of Transportation Structures]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Scientific and Technical Bulletin of St.Petersburg State University of Technology]. 2011, no. 125, pp. 55—62.
  7. Dautiya T.V. Analiz pravovogo statusa chlenov samoreguliruemoy organizatsii v sfere stroitel’stva v ramkakh provodimoy reformy perekhoda ot litsenzirovaniya k samoregulirovaniyu po zakonodatel’stvu Rossii [Analysis of the Legal Status of Self-regulated Organizations in the Construction Industry within the Framework of the Reform and Transition from Licensing to Self-regulation as Part of the Legislation of the Russian Federation]. Collected papers of International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Tends in Theoretical and Practical Research’2012”. Odessa, 2012, no. 1, vol. 22. pp. 18—27.
  8. Silka D.N. O merakh regulirovaniya gosudarstvennogo zakaza v stroitel’stve [About Actions Aimed at the Regulation of State Orders in the Construction Industry]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2011, no. 28, pp. 17—21.
  9. Vetvitskiy I.G. Goszakaz kak odin iz osnovnykh mekhanizmov rynochnoy ekonomiki [State Order as One of Basic Mechanisms of the Market Economy]. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i protsessy [Social and Economic Phenomena and Processes]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 52—55.
  10. Polozhenie o sostave razdelov proektnoy dokumentatsii i trebovaniyakh k ikh soderzhaniyu. utv. postanovleniem Pravitel’stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 16 fevr. 2008 g. ¹ 87 [Provision on the Composition of Sections of Design Documentation and Requirements Applicable to Their Content. Approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 16 February 2008, no. 87]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 27 February, 2008.
  11. Pis’mo zamestitelya ministra kul’tury RF K.G. Cherepennikova ot 11 yanvarya 2012 goda ¹ 3-01-39/10-KCh. [Letter issued by the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation, Mr. K.G. Cherepennikov, on 11 January, 2012, no. 3-01-39/10-KCh]. Web-site of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. Available at: http://www.mkrf.ru/documentations/letter/detail.php?ID=213102. Date of access: 28.06.12.
  12. Polovtsev I.N. On the Scope of Documentation to be Published for Performance of Order Placement Procedures in the Field of Construction in the Russian Federation. Collected papers of International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Tends in Theoretical and Practical Research’2012”. Odessa, 2012, No. 1, vol. 22. pp. 3—6.
  13. Polovtsev I.N. Normativno-pravovoy kharakter restavratsionnykh norm i pravil [Normative and Legislative Nature of Restoration Norms and Regulations]. Pravovaya nauka [Legal Science]. 2012, no. 1(4), pp. 22—23.
  14. Pis’mo Federal’noy antimonopol’noy sluzhby ot 23 iyulya 2010 g. ¹ IA/23610 [Letter issued by the Federal Antimonopoly Service Department in charge of Jewish Autonomous Region of 23 July 2010, no. IA/23610]. Extracted from Consultant Plus database available at: http://eao.fas.gov.ru/sites/eao.f.isfb.ru/files/analytic/2012/01/27/tekst_pisma_no_ia23610_ot_23.07.2010g..pdf. Date of access: 28.06.12.

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Risk-based management of an investment project that contemplates reproduction of real estate

  • Trukhina Natalya Igorevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Economics, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chernyshikhina Irina Ivanovna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) postgraduate student, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84 Dvadtsatiletiya oktyabrya st., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 227 - 233

Making investments into projects that contemplate reconstruction and renovation of residential
housing is always accompanied by particular risks. Risky investments are highly profitable while
low-risk investments have a low profit margin. The task of an investor is reduced to identification of
the most desirable "risk income" in the course of the due diligence of a specific investment project.
The authors present a formal approach to the management of a real estate investment project
with account for the risks that may arise in the course of its development and implementation. We
consider passive and proactive types of investment control. The problem of proactive management
represents projecting potential investment project development patterns, ongoing monitoring
of the market situation, involvement of profit generating assets, disposal of low-profit assets. The
passive type of management involves compilation of a well-balanced mix of investment operations
that contemplates a pre-set level of risk (for example, through reasonable diversifi cation) within an
extensive period of time.
Particular attention is driven to the optimal choice of an investment project based on the rate
of return and risks. The profitability represents an average value, while the risk is identified by using
the method of dispersion. Optimization of investment projects is performed on the basis of the
profi tability-to-risk ratio. The main feature of this method is that the limits of an admissible risk aren't
specified there, and the extent of risk correlates with the amount of potential revenues to be generated.
Thus, we believe that it is possible to derive an obvious decision-making formula on the basis
of certain assumptions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.227-233

References
  1. Ozerov E.S. Ekonomika i menedzhment nedvizhimosti [Economics and Management of Real Estate]. St.Petersburg, MKS Publ., 2003. 422 p.
  2. Grabovyy P.G., edited by. Upravlenie riskami v nedvizhimosti [Risk Management in the Real Estate Sector]. Moscow, Real proekt Publ., 2007. 424 p.
  3. Peregudov F.I., Tarasenko F.P. Vvedenie v sistemnyy analiz [Introduction into the System Analysis]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. Publ., 2006. 320 p.
  4. Samogorodskaya M.I. Upravlenie investitsiyami [Management of Investments]. Moscow, Delo I servis Publ., 2002. 164 p.
  5. Krylov E.I. Analiz effektivnosti investitsionnoy i innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosti predpriyatiya [Analysis of Efficiency of Investment and Innovative Activities of an Enterprise]. Moscow, Finansy i statistika Publ., 2001. 384 p.
  6. Belyaev S.G., edited by. Upravlenie portfelem nedvizhimosti [Real Estate Portfolio Management]. Moscow, YuNITI Publ., 1998. 56 p.
  7. Fal’tsman V.K. Otsenka investitsionnykh proektov [Assessment of Investment Projects]. Moscow, TEIS Publ., 1999.
  8. Tarasevich E.I. Finansirovanie investitsiy v nedvizhimost’ [Investment Funding of Real Estate]. St.Petersburg, SpbGTU Publ., 1996. 240 p.
  9. Trukhina N.I. Nauchnye aspekty upravleniya ob”ektami nedvizhimosti v zhilishchnoy sfere [Scientific Aspects of Management of Items of Housing]. Voronezh, VGU Publ., 2008.
  10. Litvak B.G. Ekspertnye otsenki i prinyatie resheniy [Expert Opinions and Decision-making]. Moscow, Patent Publ., 1996.

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Computer-aided design of repairs of buildings and the engineering infrastructure

  • Volkov Andrey Anatolevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Yarulin Rustam Nazipovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 234 - 240

The authors argue that the design development procedure and the technology-based preparation
for the renovation of buildings and the engineering infrastructure are to be considered as a
comprehensive process to be automated. One of the main problems that accompany the process
of budgeting and scheduling of renovation projects consists in incidental expenses for extra repairs,
as they are difficult to project. The authors suggest developing a specialized computer aided design
system capable of simulating the building renovation procedure. This methodology is available in the
Russian legislation dealing with the renovation activities; it covers supplementary activities and helps
experts make efficient decisions aimed at saving construction materials, time and human resources.
The subsystems of the CAD software facility responsible for the planning of renovation works
include a database, a database management system, a decision making subsystem, a decision
synthesis subsystem, a decision analysis system (decision retrospection), a decision evaluation
system and other subsystems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.234-240

References
  1. Sistemy tekhnicheskoy ekspluatatsii, remonta i rekonstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Systems of technical maintenance, repair and reconstruction of buildings and structures]. Available at: http://www.lidermsk.ru/articles/52. Date of access: 29.07.2012.
  2. VSN 58-88(r). Polozhenie ob organizatsii, provedenii rekonstruktsii, remonta i tekhnicheskogo obsledovaniya zhilykh zdaniy, ob”ektov kommunal’nogo khozyaystva i sotsial’no-kul’turnogo naznacheniya [VSN 58-88(r). Provisions concerning the organization, implementation of reconstruction, repair and inspection of residential buildings, public utilities, buildings of social and cultural infrastructure]. Moscow, Goskomarkhitektury Publ., 1990.
  3. Komkov V.A., Roshchina S.I., Timakhova N.S. Tekhnicheskaya ekspluatatsiya zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Technical Operation of Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, Infra-M Publ., 2005, 288 p.
  4. Burakov P.V., Petrov V.Yu. Vvedenie v sistemy baz dannykh [Introduction into Database Systems]. St.Petersburg, SPbGU ITMO Publ., 2010, 129 p.
  5. Pospelov D.A., editor. Iskusstvennyy intellect. Modeli i metody [Artificial Intelligence. Models and Methods]. Moscow, Radio i svyaz’ Publ., 1990, 304 p.
  6. Grigor’ev Yu.A., Plutenko A.D. Zhiznennyy tsikl proektirovaniya raspredelennykh baz dannykh [Life Cycle of Design of Distributed Databases]. Blagoveshchensk, Izd-vo Amurskogo gos. un-ta Publ., 1999, 265 p.

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Problem solving on the basis of information models of buildings

  • Ignatova Elena Valentinovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering 8 (499) 182-66-38, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 241 - 246

The author considers the potential of information models of buildings exemplified by the application
of Allplan technologies. Consecutive stages of research and problems under consideration
are described. The efficiency of different tools and approaches are discussed.
At the first stage, standard Allplan tools are analyzed. At the second stage, the problem of
integration and interoperability of different software programmes is analyzed. At the third stage,
the attempt to further the functional capabilities of the software programme by developing supplementary
plug-ins is made. At the fourth stage, compilation of electronic passports of buildings is
considered. The article deals with the prospects for the development of the information technology
of building models.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.241-246

References
  1. Ignatova E.V. BIM-aktual’naya tendentsiya v avtomatizatsii proektirovaniya [BIM as a Relevant Trend in Computer Aided Design]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, Special Issue, pp. 225 — 226.
  2. Ignatov V.P., Ignatova E.V. Analiz napravleniy issledovaniy, osnovannykh na kontseptsii informatsionnogo modelirovaniya stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Analysis of Lines of Research Based on the Concept of Information Modeling of Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol.1, pp. 325 — 330.
  3. Ignatov V.P., Ignatova E.V. Effektivnoe ispol’zovanie informatsionnoy modeli stroitel’nogo ob”ekta [Building Information Model: Effective Use]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol.1, pp. 321 — 324.

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The education subsystem in computer-aided design

  • Knyazeva Natalya Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering 8 (499) 929-50-16, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 247 - 250

The author believes that a software system capable of teaching engineers to use CAD systems
is to be developed in order to increase the number of highly qualified specialists in computer
aided design. The features and principles of the proposed system will be based on its unity,
compatibility, and typifi cation. They also include many components related to software, information,
methodological, mathematical, linguistic, and technical subsystems.
In the course of development of the proposed system, a specialist should pay a lot of
attention to the information subsystem composed of the knowledge database and the knowledge
databank. All information can be divided into incoming, outgoing and intermediate information
sets, the information set used to organize the learning process, and practical information used to
develop educational products. Specific properties of the knowledge database are as follows: (a)
it has a considerable capacity; (b) substantial data heterogeneity capabilities; (c) a low level of
standardization and unification. The system is responsive to dynamic changes over the time.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.247-250

References
  1. Garyaev N.A., Knyazeva N.V. Proektirovanie sistemy upravleniya protsessom razrabotki uchebno-metodicheskikh materialov [Design of the System of Management of the Process of Development of Educational Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 301—305.
  2. Ginzburg A.V. Avtomatizirovannye sistemy upravleniya stroitel’stvom (ASUS) [Automated Construction Management Systems (ACMS)]. In: Sistemotekhnika stroitel’stva. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar’ [Construction Systems Engineering. Encyclopedia]. Edited by Gusakov A.A. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, pp. 11—13.
  3. Ginzburg A.V., Kagan P.B. Avtomatizatsiya organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskogo proektirovaniya v stroitel’stve [Automation of Process Design in Construction]. Otkrytye Sistemy [Open Systems], 1997, no. 4.

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Functional modeling of redevelopment of non-industrial buildings

  • Сhulkov Vitaliy Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Organization of Construction Process, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kuzina Olga Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 251 - 258

uirements of the customer using architectural, functional and layout-related methods. Presently,
the methodology of redevelopment of buildings and structures depends not only on the economic
and functional feasibility, historical, architectural or ecological restrictions, but also on the availability
of funding and references of customers. Therefore, new approaches to consideration of the whole
variety of options are particularly relevant, as they make it possible to choose the most preferable
result and to outline the roadmap of its attainment.
The main instrument of improvement of the efficiency of the redevelopment process is the
simulation of these processes at the stage of business planning, or due diligence. Development
of a functional model of a construction facility contemplates a systemic description of the work to
be done and a realistic analysis of forthcoming improvements, inclusive of all changes, expenses,
and resources to be consumed, as well as the most accurate coordination of performance of each
subsystem. This approach will serve as a strong basis for the assessment of costs of the work to be
performed and for the development of the process documentation and work schedules. It will also
serve as the basis for decisions concerning the expediency of the project implementation and its
potential outcomes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.251-258

References
  1. Kuzina O.N., Chulkov V.O., Kazaryan R.R. Dezorganizatsiya — vazhneyshiy komponent tsikla reorganizatsii funktsional’nykh sistem [Disorganization as the Most Important Constituent of Reorganization of Functional Systems]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 11.
  2. Kuzina O.N., Chulkov V.O. Effektivnye organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskie modeli upravleniya i vozvedeniya ob”ektov gorodskoy infrastruktury v Germanii [Effective Organizational and Technological Models of Management and Construction of Urban Infrastructure Facilities in Germany]. Collection of works “Construction as Formation of the Human Environment”. MGSU Publ., 2009.
  3. Chulkov V.O., Kuzina O.N. Vneshnie i vnutrennie otdelochnye izolyatsionnye sistemy, primenyaemye pri reorganizatsii i pereustroystve zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Reorganizatsiya i pereustroystvo ob”ektov. Proizvodstvo i ispol’zovanie stroitel’nykh materialov, izdeliy i sistem. [Outside and Interior Finishing and Insulation Systems Applied in the Course of Redevelopment and Refurbishment of Buildings and Structures. Redevelopment and Refurbishment of Buildings. Production and Use of Construction Materials, Products and Systems]. In vol. 1. Otdelochnye materialy, izdeliya i sistemy [Finishing Materials, Products and Systems]. Seriya «Infograficheskie osnovy funktsional’nykh sistem» [“Infographic Basics of Functional Systems” Series]. Moscow, SvR-ARGUS Publ., 2009.
  4. Shreyber K.A. Variantnoe proektirovanie pri rekonstruktsii zhilykh zdaniy [Multi-optional Design as Part of Reconstruction of Residential Buildings]. Residential Housing – 2000 Series. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1991.
  5. Kuzina O.N., Chulkov V.O. Informatsionnaya tekhnologiya formirovaniya zakaza na stroitel’noe pereustroystvo v interaktivnom rezhime [Information Technology of Interactive Generation of Orders for Redevelopment of Buildings]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3.
  6. Chulkov V.O. Pereustroystvo. Organizatsionno-antropotekhnicheskaya nadezhnost’ stroitel’stva. [Redevelopment. Organizational, Anthropogenic and Technological Reliability of Construction Works]. Seriya «Infografi cheskie osnovy funktsional’nykh sistem» [“Infographic Basics of Functional Systems” Series]. Moscow, SvR-ARGUS Publ., 2009.

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PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Reproduction of mathematical knowledge in the educational process from the viewpoint of humanistic philosophy of mathematics

  • Boykova Daria Valeryevna - Moscow State University (MSU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Philosophy and Methodology of Science Assistant Lecturer, Moscow State University (MSU); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Building 4, 27 Lomonosovskiy prospekt, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 259 - 263

Teaching mathematics may be equally interesting for teachers and philosophers of science.
Nonetheless, mathematical education was no popular topic for discussion for a very long time. The
main issue was the problem of fundamentals of mathematics. However, mathematical education
was no mere transfer of knowledge. Mathematical education is a reproduction of knowledge; moreover,
it is a way of existence of mathematical knowledge. In this connection, modern philosophy of
mathematics believes that humanism is a relevant area for thorough consideration. In this article,
we will talk about it with account for the book of American mathematician and philosopher Reuben
Hersh entitled "What's Mathematics, Really?".
One of the main ideas of the humanist philosophy of mathematics is that mathematics is a
social, cultural, and historical reality. Mathematics is what mathematicians do. It changes; therefore,
the criteria of its strictness change, too. Mathematical education is one of types of mathematical
practice. Valid philosophy of mathematics should be compatible with mathematical practice, so, the
study of mathematical education falls within the subject matter of the philosophy of science.
Reuben Hersh connects success of mathematical education with the notion of the nature
of mathematics. He compares three viewpoints concerning its nature: Platonism, formalism and
humanism, and their influence on the mathematical education. Platonism can justify a student who
isn't successful in mathematics: mathematical objects are just in the other world and this world
isn't available for everyone. Formalism isn't compatible with mathematical practice: mathematical
assertions are meaningless symbols. However, whenever one is teaching mathematics, mathematical
assertions have the same meanings as they do in the mathematical research. The goal of the
education is the understanding rather than formal correctness of sequences of symbols. Humanism
accepts informal and incomplete proofs. In addition, R. Hersh demonstrates that there are no formal
complete proofs in real mathematics. Mathematics doesn't need them. Students learn mathematics
by solving problems, making calculations. And it's not an easy version of mathematics, because in
scientific research mathematicians solve problems and make calculations, too. Whatever mathematicians
teach determines the rules of mathematics.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.259-263

References
  1. Hersh R. What’s Mathematics, Really? Oxford University Press, 1997, 368 p.
  2. Davis P.J., Hersh R. The Mathematical Experience. Cambridge, Birkhauser, 1981.
  3. Kitcher P. The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge. New York, Oxford University Press, 1983.
  4. Ernest P. The Philosophy of Mathematics Education. New York, Falmer, 1991.
  5. Asmus V.F. Problema intuitsii v filosofii i matematike [The Problem of Intuition in Philosophy and Mathematics]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1965, 312 p.
  6. Gil’bert D. Osnovaniya geometrii [Fundamentals of Geometry]. Petrograd, Seyatel’ E.V. Vysotskogo Publ., 1923.
  7. Veyl’ G. Matematicheskoe myshlenie [Mathematical Thinking]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, 400 p.
  8. Tselishchev V.V. Poiski novoy filosofii matematiki [The Search for a New Philosophy of Mathematics]. Filosofiya nauki [Philosophy of Science]. 2001, no. 3(11), pp. 135—148.
  9. Petrov Yu.P. Istoriya i filosofi ya nauki. Matematika, vychislitel’naya tekhnika, informatika [History and Philosophy of Science. Mathematics, Computer Facilities, Information Science]. St. Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2005, 448 p.
  10. Uspenskiy V.A. Prosteyshie primery matematicheskikh dokazatel’stv [Simplest Examples of Mathematical Proofs]. Moscow, MTsNMO Publ., 2009, 56 p.
  11. Davies B. Whither Mathematics? Notices of the American Mathematical Society. December 2005, vol. 52, no. 11.

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Influence of philosophy of science onto formation of scientific views of postgraduate students

  • Pamyatusheva Viktoriya Viktorovna - Moscow State Academy of Municipal Economy and Construction (MGAKHIS) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associated Professor, Moscow State Academy of Municipal Economy and Construction (MGAKHIS), 30 Srednyaya Kalitnikovskaya St., Moscow, 109029, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 264 - 271

The present-day Russian society is undergoing profound structural social and cultural transformations.
The existence of the Russian society and the relevance of problems of science and
education are playing a key role in the present-day social and economic environment. A high level
of skills acts as the main source of material prosperity and advancement of the Russian science
and culture.
This level is attainable through the involvement of universities and the professional education
that they provide, namely, professional training at universities. Undoubtedly, it is necessary to
improve the quality of teaching and science management at undergraduate and graduate levels.
In addition, there is a pressing need to develop and to implement a youth research policy and to
consider the problems of youth within its framework. Third, there is a need to decide on the postponement
of the army service for full-time students and postgraduates. Fourth, there is a need to
reconsider the remuneration.
The research work of graduate students in a specialized field of knowledge is based on the
foundation of general knowledge, including the philosophy of science. The study of philosophy and
philosophy of science facilitates the development of skills of young researchers and their heuristic
thinking. Researchers specializing in the philosophy of science should focus on the new areas in
their research and generate a new vision of their own problems to refocus the mode of thinking of a
young scientist. Currently, besides the growing complexity of the post-graduate research that serves
as the reason for (i) the growing need for its information support, (ii) its longer duration, and (iii)
the need for sophisticated process equipment required for experimental studies, profound changes
in the relationship between theoretical and applied knowledge and domination of the former are
underway. The centre of gravity is transferred into the sphere of the sciences of man and society.
Whoever believes that his or her objective is to to link their lives with the science of the XXI
century, whoever thinks about developing new technologies, increasing the production rate and
the economic well-being of our society as a whole, must, above all, understand that he or she is
dependent not only on the laws of the market, but on the will to live a life the main value of which is
a harmonious development of a personality, human rights, social stability, and education rather that
the profit generation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.264-271

References
  1. Toynbee A.J. Issledovanie istorii [The Research of History]. Moscow, 2006, Oleg Abyshko Publ., 2006.
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Psychological aspects of adaptation of students to the process of training at universities of civil engineering

  • Sidelnikov Andrey Yurevich - Peoples Friendship University of Russia (PFUR) postgraduate student, Department of Human Ecology, Faculty of Ecology 8 (495) 952-70-28, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), 8/5 Podolskoe Shosse, Moscow, 113093, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Glebov Viktor Vasilevich - Peoples Friendship University of Russia (PFUR) Candidate of Psychological Sciences, doctoral student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Human Ecology, Faculty of Ecology 8 (495) 952-70-28, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), 8/5 Podolskoe Shosse, Moscow, 113093, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 272 - 276

Aspects of psychological adaptation of students of civil engineering at the initial stage of their
professional training are considered in the article. The authors specify the approximate amount
of professional information to be mastered by the students of civil engineering. The authors also
analyze potential psychological and didactic difficulties to be resolved by the first-year students of
civil engineering. Findings of the empirical research of the process of psychological adaptation of
first-year students are provided.
The authors believe that the whole pool of first-year students may be broken down into three
groups based on the peculiarities of their adaptation to the training process at universities of civil
engineering. The first group includes students who demonstrate a good training progress and a
high rate of adherence to moral norms. Their neuropsychic stability is high, and their communication
skills are regular. The second group includes students who demonstrate a low training progress.
They estimate the psychological microclimate in their educational groups as mediocre; they also
demonstrate low adherence to moral norms, though their adaptability is slightly higher, than the one
of the first group of students. The third group includes the students who cannot adapt to the process
of training at a higher education institution. They estimate the psychological microclimate in their
educational groups as low; they have low adaptive strengths and communicative skills.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.272-276

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